The Constitution Of Markets

Author by : Viktor Vanberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
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Description : This book examines the institutional dimension of markets and the rules and institutions that condition the operation of market economies.


The Political Economy Of Innovation

Author by : William Kingston
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 238
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Description : Innovation is the turning of ideas into concrete realities. To the extent that this process is an economic one, it must also be subject to political decisions, and these determine which ideas are to have resources made available for their in novation. This book attempts to trace the relationship between ideas, resources and politics. Chapter I deals with the way economic innovation depends both upon markets and upon interference with markets. Schumpeter taught us how market power is essential for innovation. This chapter stresses that the inverse is also true: Innovation can take place wherever there is market power. A most important corollary of this, is that failure to develop any particular type of market power, need not prevent innovation from happening. It will then take place under the protection of whatever market power there is, and it will be geographically located wherever that market power is effective. Chapter II identifies and seeks to fill a major gap in the literature on innova tion, by showing how important modern marketing has become for providing the conditions under which money may be rationally invested at high risk to get new things done. Marketing monopoly, or Persuasive market power, is now at least as important as the market power of Capability, or as the several types of Specific market power, in interference with market forces. It is therefore equally important for innovation.


Priceless Markets

Author by : Philip T. Hoffman
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
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Description : This pathbreaking book shows how credit markets functioned in Paris, through the agency of notaries, during a critical period of French history. Its authors challenge the usual assumption that organized financial markets—and hence the opportunity for economic growth—did not emerge outside of England and the Netherlands until the nineteenth century. Drawing on innovative research, the authors show that as early as the Old Regime, financial intermediaries in France were mobilizing a great tide of capital and arranging thousands of loans between borrowers and lenders. The implications for historians and economists are substantial. The role of notaries operating in Paris that Priceless Markets uncovers has never before been recognized. In the wake of this pathbreaking new study, historians will also have to rethink the origins of the French Revolution. As the authors show, the crisis of 1787-88 did not simply ignite revolt; it was intimately bound up in an economic struggle that reached far back into the eighteenth century, and continued well into the 1800s.


Markets And Majorities

Author by : Steven M. Sheffrin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 37
Total Download : 457
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Description : America's government intervenes in almost every aspect of its citizens' daily lives. From the air we breathe, to our health, wealth, and security, Americans wade through a vast political ocean. Unfortunately, we do so blindly; few Americans understand how or why our government regulates the market mechanisms that surround us. In Markets and Majorities, Steven Sheffrin addresses essential yet overlooked questions about political intervention in economic spheres. Why should we trust the government to clean our air? How do we know what to define as clean? What kind of health insurance business will the government run? What are the dangers of publicly financed doctors? Sheffrin first explains traditional theories of market failure, used to justify intervention. He then combines the crucial question of political viability with the fascinating particulars of policy histories. Sheffrin applies such analysis to the areas of health care, social security, environmental policy, product liability, trade policy, and fiscal and budgetary policy. He argues that beneath each area lies a unique calculus of market failure and political pressures, and convincingly demonstrates that no single policy can be understood out of economic and political context. In short, the fact that markets may fail does not guarantee that politics will succeed. By examining both sides of each policy area, Sheffrin's careful review of our national policy-making reveals a minefield where, in many cases, politics cannot help but fail as badly as markets. However, he shows that all is not lost, citing, among other examples, political intervention in the medical industry as the only hope of stopping hospitals from competitive purchases of useless technology. Markets and Majorities is must reading for anyone who has ever wondered why government just can't seem to get things done, as well as anyone who has asked why it should try in the first place.


Political Economy

Author by : Francis William Newman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 66
Total Download : 287
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The Market And Its Critics Routledge Revivals

Author by : Noel Thompson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 54
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Description : The Market and Its Critics, first published in 1988, considers the reaction of socialist writers to the growth of the market economy in nineteenth century Britain, and examines in detail the diverse elements of the critique which they formulated. Dr Thompson looks at the theoretic and thematic continuities and discontinuities over the century, structuring his study around the idea of a changing socialist response to the market economy. Much of the literature in question is comprehensive, perceptive and acute. However, the writers invariably discounted the possibility of the market playing a role in a future socialist or communist commonwealth. The solutions they posited to the problem were inapplicable to the increasingly industrial economy of the time. It was this that left their writing vulnerable to attack, and which had profound consequences both for the fate of the socialist political economy in nineteenth century Britain and its subsequent evolution in the twentieth century.


Normative Political Economy

Author by : David P. Levine
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 576
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Description : This book explores the criteria we use for judging economic institutions and economic policy. Topics covered include: equality and justice, freedom and creative living, role of the state, capitalism and the good society.


Before The Market

Author by : D. N. Wang
Languange : en
Publisher by : Common Ground Publishing
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Total Read : 39
Total Download : 579
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Description : "First published ... as part of the Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Book Imprint"--Title page verso.


Comparative Political Economy

Author by : Ben Clift
Languange : en
Publisher by : Red Globe Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 242
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Description : "This is a book about how 21st-century capitalism really works. Modern economics strips away social, historical, and political context from analysis of 'the economic', but the economy is far too important to leave exclusively to the economists. Comparative Political Economy (CPE) is a much broader, richer intellectual undertaking which 're-embeds' the analysis of the economic within the social and political realm. This is at the heart of how to think like a political economist. This text maps the terrain and evolution of CPE, providing the analytical tools to explore the many variants of capitalism, unearthing their roots in competing visions of the desirable distribution of the fruits of growth. Connecting CPE systematically to the subfield of International Political Economy (IPE), the book explains how these visions generate ongoing political struggles over how to regulate and manage capitalism. This is the perfect introduction to the field for all students of CPE and IPE."--Publisher's website.


On The Political Economy Of Market Socialism

Author by : James A. Yunker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 32
Total Download : 916
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Description : This title was first published in 2001. Spanning a quarter of a century, this collection makes conveniently accessible 14 of Yunker’s thorough and highly illuminating contributions to the literature on market socialism.


Beyond The Miracle Of The Market

Author by : Robert H. Bates
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Total Read : 51
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Description : This 2005 book focuses on Kenya, a country that continued to grow while others declined in Africa.


States And Markets

Author by : Susan Strange
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 364
File Size : 53,6 Mb
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Description : An Introduction to International Political Economy Susan Strange, formerly University of Warwick. Professor Strange was well known for her unorthodox and stimulating views on the international political economy. Here she provides the student and scholar with a new model synthesising politics and economics by means of a four-faceted structural analysis of the effects of any kind of political authority (including states) on markets, and, conversely, of market forces on states. This refreshingly new framework of analysis is an ideal introductory text.


Developments In Latin American Political Economy

Author by : J. Buxton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
Total Download : 130
File Size : 55,8 Mb
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Description : The first part of the volume addresses the changing nature and interaction of the state and the market in Latin American countries, as well as the principal challenges of consolidating political and economic reform in a period of profound change. The second part of the book examines a variety of traditional and non-traditional political roles, ranging from the military to women, and from the environmental lobby to human rights. It explores the ways in which the changing composition of the political debate is shaping the political arena. Forward looking in its approach, to volume provides readers with an indication of factors which will be of key significance in the immediate future, the tensions which have yet to be resolved and the prospects ahead.


Between Field And Cooking Pot

Author by : Florence E. Babb
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Texas Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
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Description : From reviews of the first edition: "Between Field and Cooking Pot offers details of the daily lives of marketwomen in the central Andean departmental capital of Huaraz.... A welcome addition to studies of women and international development, this book contains a wealth of firsthand material, collected through informal participant-observation as well as formal interviews and analysis of statistical data.... The book encourages us to imagine how the dynamic culture of marketwomen might intersect with the construction, representation, and effects of class and gender." —American Anthropologist "The book has a clear and readable style, moving easily between vignettes of marketwomen's lives, descriptions of the markets themselves, and surveys of the theoretical literature. Babb's long, close involvement with the Huaraz markets is apparent. As someone who has spent a lot of time in Andean markets, I found the book pleasurable to read, because it recreated the experience of the marketplace so well." —American Ethnologist This revised edition of Between Field and Cooking Pot offers an updated appraisal of what neoliberal politics and economics mean in the lives of marketwomen in the nineties, based on new fieldwork conducted in 1997. Babb also reflects on how recent currents in feminist and anthropological studies have caused her to rethink some aspects of Andean marketers in Peruvian culture and society.


The Rise Of The Market

Author by : Philip Arestis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 504
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Description : The growth of neo-liberalism has been the dominant political force in the past two decades. This volume concentrates on understanding the political economy of neo-liberalism. It focuses on a number of the most critical issues and examines the essence of neo-liberalism, namely, the dominance of the market. In particular, the authors consider: the political economy of market expansion; the rise of neo-liberalism in advanced capitalist economies; the notion of social capital; the nature of economic imperialism; the political economy of central bank independence; the relationship between Keynes and Marx. With contributions by some of the leading scholars in the field, this vital new book on the political economy of neo-liberalism and the dominance of the market will become essential reading for all those with an interest in post Keynesian economics, political economy and international economic policy.


Wealth And Freedom

Author by : David P. Levine
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 785
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Description : This text provides an introduction to political economy. It explores: the place of our economy in the larger social system; the importance of market institutions for individual autonomy; private enterprise as a system of economic development; and poverty and inequality in market economies.


The Political Economy Of Status

Author by : Theodore Koutsobinas
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 41
Total Download : 99
File Size : 48,8 Mb
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Description : In this timely book, Theodore Koutsobinas explores the system of status markets and their social effects including inequality. He explains how media fascination with superstars and luxury consumption goods amplify positional concerns for all, distort t


Capitalism Development And Empowerment Of Labour

Author by : Hartmut Elsenhans
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 417
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Description : The dominant neoliberal approach presents politics and political economy as nuisances which disturb the smooth operation of self-regulating markets. But political economy is not merely an academic issue – it is a class issue, and this book forcefully argues that political economy should return to a central position in the study of the social sciences. Offering nothing less than a reconciliation of Marxian, Keynesian and neoclassical economics, the work opens with a discussion of the key, interconnected economic concepts which help us to understand capitalism: price, income, profit, value, growth and crisis. Prices reflect income distribution and therefore class relations, and the chapters show that the very emergence of capitalism resulted from mass empowerment of the so-called "lower orders". Profit is always available if entrepreneurs spend on net investment and create incomes for additional labour; this, in turn, requires expanding demand, and so therefore profit depends on rising mass incomes. Conversely, underdevelopment is the result of the destitution and disempowerment of the masses. In the Global South today, it is clear that enormous riches go hand in hand with widespread misery and poverty because the market does not transform wealth into the kind of investment that might benefit all. This book argues that the new wealth triggered by productivity increases has enabled the rich to liberate themselves from the capitalist constraints of competition and waste their new wealth in the form of rents. The main threat today is, in fact, the globalisation of rent. The text makes a point for a progressive counter strategy: capitalist structures that empower labour need to be transferred to the Global South. This requires political and economic efforts towards empowering labour in the Global South. This book demonstrates the analytical power of political economy for all social scientists and will be invaluable reading for economists, political scientists and sociologists in particular.


International Political Economy In Context

Author by : Andrew Sobel
Languange : en
Publisher by : CQ Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 683
File Size : 42,8 Mb
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Description : Although many international political economy texts offer good descriptions of what events have occurred in global economic and political relations, they make little attempt to develop explicit theoretical frameworks explaining why. Andrew SobelÆs International Political Economy in Context: Individual Choices, Global Effects takes a micro approach to international political economy that considers the fact that individualsùnot nationsùmake choices. Grounding policy choices in the competitive environs of domestic politics and decision-making processes, Sobel illustrates how policymakers choose among alternatives, settling on those that are most in sync with their self-interest. The book is structured to build studentsÆ skills for a sophisticated understanding of how and why events unfold in the international political economy. Students become versed in the primary assumptions and structural/macro conditions of economic and political geography in the global arena. An examination of micro-level conditions and mechanisms introduces the factors that influence political and economic outcomes. Students are then able to use those primary assumptions and micro-level arrangements to make sense of past and present changes in the global political economy. Those familiar with SobelÆs first volume, Political Economy and Global Affairs, will easily find their way through this new book. Anyone looking for a compelling, accessible, and fully integrated rational choice perspective on international political economy will find it here.


After Adam Smith

Author by : Murray Milgate
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 220
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Description : 'After Adam Smith' looks at how politics & political economy were articulated & altered in the century following the publication of Smith's 'Wealth of Nations'.


Institutions And Market Economies

Author by : W. Garside
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 245
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Description : This book is a timely reminder of the more fundamental determinants of capital accumulation and innovation. It provides a mixture of conceptual, empirical, historical and methodological approaches to the relationship between institutions, institutional change and economic development.


The Political Economy Of The European Union

Author by : Dermot McCann
Languange : en
Publisher by : Polity
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 407
File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Description : `Dermot McCann has succeeded in producing a superb book on the political economy of the European Union. This rigorous and extremely readable account makes a major contribution to our understanding of the tension between economic governance at the European level and national patterns of governance that often challenge the EU's liberal ambitions.' Alasdair Blair, De Montfort University `The Political Economy of the European Union is a wise, knowledgeable and eminently readable account of the development of EU capitalism. Dermot McCann's study of the impact of EU-driven market liberalization upon national models of capitalism and of the limits and limitations of neo-liberalism is fascinating. The sections on work and welfare and on social Europe and industrial relations are worth the admission price alone. McCann's study of EU capitalism makes an invaluable contribution to comparative political economy.' Richard Dunphy, University of Dundee The core business of the European Union is the creation of an integrated European market. The scale of this project is enormous, covering a wide variety of national `models' of capitalism, many of which are market by a heavy reliance on non-market institutions to govern and coordinate economic activity. The Political Economy of the European Union introduces students to the fundamentals of EU policy towards these national political economic governance institutions and the challenges arising from this evolving relationship. Chapter 1 examines the role of institutions in governing capitalist systems. Chapter 2 explores the evolution of the EU's liberal ambition over the past five decades. Subsequent chapters then analyse the development of EU policy in relation to the governance of product, financial and labour markets. What sort of restructuring has it sought to achieve? How great a challenge do EU policies present to national practices? How effective have been its strategies of Europeanization? In short, to what extent has it effected a liberal transformation in the institutional governance of European capitalism? At issue are fundamental questions concerning the power and status of nation-states in the context of the most ambitious experiment in cooperative regional integration yet witnessed.


Capitalist Political Economy

Author by : Heather Whiteside
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 430
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : A key text, Capitalist Political Economy: Thinkers and Theories analyses the field-forming theoretical contributions to political economy that have defined, debated, critiqued, and defended capitalism for more than three centuries. Political economy recognizes and celebrates the many and varied interconnections between politics and economics in society, together with the economic implications of public policy and the political impact of market and property relations. As such, political economy is both an approach to understanding capitalism and a reflection of the forms and features of capitalism at particular moments. Grounded in primary and secondary literature including theorists’ original writings and leading literary biographies, this text explores principal themes in the development of capitalism and political economic thought. It relates these to markets, property, profits, labour, investment, innovation, the state, growth and crises, gender, the ecological limits of capital accumulation, and rival economic practices. The book contextualizes the legacy of foundational political economists by exploring their life and times and putting them in conversation with other highly influential theorists. Equally, it also considers more contemporary views. This book serves as an indispensable source for academic communities who are interested in the long arc of capitalist development, theories, and theorists.


The Political Economy Of The Cotton South

Author by : Gavin Wright
Languange : en
Publisher by : W. W. Norton
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 665
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Description : The impact of cotton and slavery in the nineteenth century American South was so dramatic and enduring that neither the region nor the nation has yet escaped from the influence of that era of regional prominence.


Governing The Market

Author by : Robert Wade
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 727
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Description : Published originally in 1990 to critical acclaim, Robert Wade's Governing the Market quickly established itself as a standard in contemporary political economy.


Calculation And Coordination

Author by : Peter J. Boettke
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 14
Total Download : 779
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Description : This collection of essays from one of the major Austrian economists working in the world today brings together in one place some of his key writings on a variety of economic issues.


Global Political Economy

Author by : Robert Gilpin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 289
File Size : 41,9 Mb
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Description : The end of the Cold War has unleashed unique economic and political forces. Computers are an increasing impetus to the world economy, along with technological developments. This work studies these developments, and others, to survey the approaches to understanding international economic relations.


Liberty Market And State

Author by : James M. Buchanan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 175
File Size : 53,6 Mb
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Description :