The Mechanics of Hydrogels

The Mechanics of Hydrogels
Author: Hua Li,Vadim V. Silberschmidt
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2020-10-01
ISBN: 0081028636
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Mechanics of Hydrogels Book Excerpt:

The Mechanics of Hydrogels: Mechanical Properties, Testing, and Applications offers readers a systematic description of the mechanical properties and characterizations of hydrogels. Practical topics such as manufacturing hydrogels with controlled mechanical properties and the mechanical testing of hydrogels are covered at length, as are areas such as inelastic and nonlinear deformation, rheological characterization, fracture and indentation testing, mechanical properties of cellularly responsive hydrogels, and more. Proper instrumentation and modeling techniques for measuring the mechanical properties of hydrogels are also explored. Links the mechanical and biological behaviors and applications of hydrogels Looks at the manufacturing and mechanical testing of hydrogels Discusses the design and use of hydrogels in a wide array of applications

Synthesis of Novel Hydrogels with Unique Mechanical Properties

Synthesis of Novel Hydrogels with Unique Mechanical Properties
Author: Yi Cao,Kerstin G. Blank,Fei Sun
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-12-23
ISBN: 2889662594
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthesis of Novel Hydrogels with Unique Mechanical Properties Book Excerpt:

Hydrogels

Hydrogels
Author: Rolando Barbucci
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 197
Release: 2010-07-23
ISBN: 8847011043
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogels Book Excerpt:

The studies on Biohydrogels have had a rapid, exponential evolution in the last decades. This book is the result of an International conference gathering the most recent results in this field.

Hydrogels

Hydrogels
Author: Thakur Raghu Raj Singh,Garry Laverty,Ryan Donnelly
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2018-02-28
ISBN: 1351648276
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogels Book Excerpt:

Hydrogels are crosslinked, macromolecular polymeric materials arranged in a three-dimensional network, which can absorb and retain large amounts of water. Hydrogels are commonly used in clinical practice and experimental medicine for a wide range of applications, including drug delivery, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, diagnostics, cellular immobilization, separation of biomolecules or cells, and barrier materials to regulate biological adhesions. This book elucidates the underlying concepts and emerging applications of hydrogels and will provide key case studies and critical analysis of the existing research.

Biomedical Applications of Hydrogels Handbook

Biomedical Applications of Hydrogels Handbook
Author: Raphael M. Ottenbrite,Kinam Park,Teruo Okano
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2010-09-05
ISBN: 9781441959195
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomedical Applications of Hydrogels Handbook Book Excerpt:

Hydrogels are networks of polymer chains which can produce a colloidal gel containing over 99 per cent water. The superabsorbency and permeability of naturally occurring and synthetic hydrogels give this class of materials an amazing array of uses. These uses range from wound dressings and skin grafts to oxygen-permeable contact lenses to biodegradable delivery systems for drugs or pesticides and scaffolds for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Biomedical Applications of Hydrogels Handbook provides a comprehensive description of this diverse class of materials, covering both synthesis and properties and a broad range of research and commercial applications. The Handbook is divided into four sections: Stimuli-Sensitive Hydrogels, Hydrogels for Drug Delivery, Hydrogels for Tissue Engineering, and Hydrogels with Unique Properties. Key Features: Provides comprehensive coverage of the basic science and applications of a diverse class of materials Includes both naturally occurring and synthetic hydrogels Edited and written by world leaders in the field.

Theoretical and Numerical Study on Fracture Mechanics of Hydrogels

Theoretical and Numerical Study on Fracture Mechanics of Hydrogels
Author: Yalin Yu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2019
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theoretical and Numerical Study on Fracture Mechanics of Hydrogels Book Excerpt:

Hydrogels consist of cross-linked polymer chains and water molecules. Due to the coupling between deformation of the polymer network and diffusion of the solvent molecules, the fracture behavior of hydrogels is quite different from that of polymers and rubbers. This dissertation presents theoretical and numerical studies on fracture behavior of hydrogels with linear and nonlinear theories. For the study of stationary cracks, a centered crack model is used for hydrogel specimens under the plane strain condition. Asymptotic analysis of the crack tip fields is presented based on a linear poroelastic formulation for different chemical boundary conditions (immersed and not-immersed). For both cases, a finite element method is developed under different mechanical loading conditions (displacement-control and load-control). The evolution of the crack-tip energy release rate is calculated by a modified path-independent J-integral that takes the effect of energy dissipation due to solvent diffusion into account. Numerical results agree well with the asymptotic solutions of the crack-tip fields. Under load control, the crack-tip energy release rate increases over time, which suggests the onset of crack growth may be delayed until the crack-tip energy release rate reaches a critical value (fracture toughness). For steady-state crack growth of hydrogels, a semi-infinite crack in a long strip specimen subject to plane-strain loading is studied with both asymptotic and numerical analysis. The crack-tip energy release rate is found to be smaller than the applied energy release rate due to poroelastic shielding. The characteristic size of the poroelastic crack-tip field is inversely proportional to the crack speed. For relatively fast crack growth, the crack-tip energy release rate decreases with increasing crack speed. For relatively slow crack growth, the energy release rate increases with increasing crack speed. The present results are found to be qualitatively consistent with previous experiments on the effects of velocity toughening, solvent viscosity and crack-tip soaking. Moreover, the effect of plane stress is examined with a cohesive zone model. Finally, the nonlinear effect due to large deformation is studied numerically based on a nonlinear poroelastic model

Injectable Hydrogels for Regenerative Engineering

Injectable Hydrogels for Regenerative Engineering
Author: Lakshmi S Nair
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2015-12-28
ISBN: 1783267488
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Injectable Hydrogels for Regenerative Engineering Book Excerpt:

Regenerative engineering, with its ability to foster novel therapeutic techniques and strategies, has emerged as the most versatile and innovative technology of the 21st century. The past few years have seen a significant interest in the development of injectable hydrogels as a delivery system to realize the dream of regenerative engineering. The book will explain synthetic approaches towards developing injectable hydrogels, and the clinical implications and applications of injectable hydrogels for engineering various tissues. Injectable Hydrogels for Regenerative Engineering is the first of its kind to bring together the fields of injectable hydrogels and regenerative engineering to give a perspective of the emerging therapeutic strategies for a wide audience. Contents:Regenerative Engineering: Role of Scaffolds, Cells, and Growth Factors (F Sharmin, C C McDermott, Y M Khan)Injectable Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications (B Balakrishnan, A Jayakrishnan)Injectable Hydrogels by Physical Crosslinking (M J Glassman, B D Olsen)Injectable Hydrogels by Chemical Crosslinking (B Balakrishnan)Injectable Hydrogels by Enzymatic Crosslinking (S V Gohil, C W Hanna, L S Nair)Injectable Hydrogels as Tissue Adhesives (N Oliva, N Artzi)Injectable Hydrogels for Intervertebral Tissue Regeneration (T Karukonda, I L Moss)Injectable Hydrogels for Neural Tissue Regeneration (X Li, D Campbell-Rance, X Liu, N Zhang, X Wen)Injectable Hydrogels for Articular Cartilage Regeneration (B Choi, M Lee)Injectable Hydrogels for Cardiac Tissue Regeneration Post-Myocardial Infarction (G N Grover, K L Christman) Readership: Professionals, undergraduate and graduate students in the field of bioengineering and biological chemistry. Key Features:First book that focuses specifically on injectable hydrogels for regenerative engineering — two fast growing areas that will revolutionize the 21st century therapeutic strategyThe book will cover synthetic approaches to injectable hydrogels and current biomedical applicationsAll chapters are written by experts in the respective fields describing the various facets of injectable hydrogels, their significance and applications. Professionals and students in engineering, science, industry and clinicians will find the book to be an invaluable reference/ textbookKeywords:Hydrogels;Injectable;Regenerative Engineering;Drug Delivery;Cell Delivery;Scaffold

Tunable Hydrogels

Tunable Hydrogels
Author: Antonina Lavrentieva,Iliyana Pepelanova,Dror Seliktar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 251
Release: 2021-05-31
ISBN: 3030767698
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tunable Hydrogels Book Excerpt:

This book reviews the current knowledge on tunable hydrogels, including the range of different materials and applications, as well as the existing challenges and limitations in the field. It covers various aspects of the material design, particularly highlighting biological responsiveness, degradability and responsiveness to external stimuli. In this book, readers will discover original research data and state-of-the-art reviews in the area of hydrogel technology, with a specific focus on biotechnology and medicine. Written by leading experts, the contributions outline strategies for designing tunable hydrogels and offer a detailed evaluation of the physical and synthetic methods currently employed to achieve specific hydrogel properties and responsiveness. This highly informative book provides important theoretical and practical insights for scholars and researchers working with hydrogels for biomedical and biotechnological applications.

Smart Hydrogel Modelling

Smart Hydrogel Modelling
Author: Hua Li
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2010-01-26
ISBN: 3642023681
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Hydrogel Modelling Book Excerpt:

The science of mathematical modelling and numerical simulation is generally accepted as the third mode of scienti?c discovery (with the other two modes being experiment and analysis), making this ?eld an integral component of c- ting edge scienti?c and industrial research in most domains. This is especially so in advanced biomaterials such as polymeric hydrogels responsive to biostimuli for a wide range of potential BioMEMS applications, where multiphysics and mul- phase are common requirements. These environmental stimuli-responsive hydrogels are often known as smart hydrogels. In the published studies on the smart or stimu- responsive hydrogels, the literature search clearly indicates that the vast majority are experimental based. In particular, although there are a few published books on the smart hydrogels, none is involved in the modelling of smart hydrogels. For the few published journal papers that conducted mathematical modelling and numerical simulation, results were far from satisfactory, and showed signi?cant d- crepancies when compared with existing experimental data. This has resulted in ad hoc studies of these hydrogel materials mainly conducted by trial and error. This is a very time-consuming and inef?cient process, and certain aspects of fun- mental knowledge are often missed or overlooked, resulting in off-tangent research directions.

Biomaterials Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering

Biomaterials  Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering
Author: L Hench,J. Jones
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2005-09-27
ISBN: 1845690869
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomaterials Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering Book Excerpt:

Maintaining quality of life in an ageing population is one of the great challenges of the 21st Century. This book summarises how this challenge is being met by multi-disciplinary developments of specialty biomaterials, devices, artificial organs and in-vitro growth of human cells as tissue engineered constructs. Biomaterials, Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering is intended for use as a textbook in a one semester course for upper level BS, MS and Meng students. The 25 chapters are organized in five parts: Part one provides an introduction to living and man-made materials for the non-specialist; Part two is an overview of clinical applications of various biomaterials and devices; Part three summarises the bioengineering principles, materials and designs used in artificial organs; Part four presents the concepts, cell techniques, scaffold materials and applications of tissue engineering; Part five provides an overview of the complex socio-economic factors involved in technology based healthcare, including regulatory controls, technology transfer processes and ethical issues. Comprehensive introduction to living and man-made materials Looks at clinical applications of various biomaterials and devices Bioengineering principles, materials and designs used in artificial organs are summarised

Hydrogels

Hydrogels
Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2018-08-28
ISBN: 9811060770
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogels Book Excerpt:

This book discusses recent advances in hydrogels, including their generation and applications and presents a compendium of fundamental concepts. It highlights the most important hydrogel materials, including physical hydrogels, chemical hydrogels, and nanohydrogels and explores the development of hydrogel-based novel materials that respond to external stimuli, such as temperature, pressure, pH, light, biochemicals or magnetism, which represent a new class of intelligent materials. With their multiple cooperative functions, hydrogel-based materials exhibit different potential applications ranging from biomedical engineering to water purification systems. This book covers key topics including superabsorbent polymer hydrogel; intelligent hydrogels for drug delivery; hydrogels from catechol-conjugated materials; nanomaterials loaded hydrogel; electrospinning of hydrogels; biopolymers-based hydrogels; injectable hydrogels; interpenetrating-polymer-network hydrogels: radiation- and sonochemical synthesis of micro/nano/macroscopic hydrogels; DNA-based hydrogels; and multifunctional applications of hydrogels. It will prove a valuable resource for researchers working in industry and academia alike.

Hydrogels in Cell Based Therapies

Hydrogels in Cell Based Therapies
Author: Che J Connon,Ian W Hamley
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2014-03-18
ISBN: 1782621261
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogels in Cell Based Therapies Book Excerpt:

Hydrogels are attractive materials for uses in regenerative medicine due to their biocompatibility and high water absorbance and retention properties. Applications are emerging in stem cell niches, biopolymers and synthetic polymers for tissue scaffolding, wound healing and hydrogels for cellular diagnostics and delivery. Hydrogels in Cell-Based Therapies looks at the use of different polymers and other bionanomaterials to fabricate different hydrogel systems and their biomedical applications including enzyme responsive hydrogels and biomaterials, thermally responsive hydrogels, collagen gels and alginates. With complementary expertise in cell biology and soft materials, the Editors provide a comprehensive overview of recent updates in this highly topical field. This highly interdisciplinary subject will appeal to researchers in cell biology, biochemistry, biomaterials and polymer science and those interested in hydrogel applications.

Synthesis of Functional Hydrogels

Synthesis of Functional Hydrogels
Author: Weifeng Zhao,Qiang Wei,Baolin Guo
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-07-28
ISBN: 2889638960
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthesis of Functional Hydrogels Book Excerpt:

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials Volume 6

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials  Volume 6
Author: Srinivasan Arjun Tekalur,Pablo Zavattieri,Chad S Korach
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2015-10-29
ISBN: 3319214551
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials Volume 6 Book Excerpt:

5thInternational Symposium on the Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, Volume 6 of the Proceedings of the 2015SEM Annual Conference& Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the sixth volume of nine from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Soft Tissues Mechanics Bio-Engineering and Biomechanics Natural Materials & Bio-Inspiration Novel Techniques and Experiments in Biomechanics Tissue Engineering Cells Mechanics

Hydrogels

Hydrogels
Author: Lacramioara Popa,Mihaela Violeta Ghica,Cristina Dinu-Pirvu
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2019-04-10
ISBN: 1789858755
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogels Book Excerpt:

Hydrogels, as three-dimensional polymer networks, are able to retain a large amount of water in their swollen state. The biomedical application of hydrogels was initially hampered by the toxicity of cross-linking agents and the limitations of hydrogel formation under physiological conditions. However, emerging knowledge in polymer chemistry and an increased understanding of biological processes have resulted in the design of versatile materials and minimally invasive therapies.The novel but challenging properties of hydrogels are attracting the attention of researchers in the biological, medical, and pharmaceutical fields. In the last few years, new methods have been developed for the preparation of hydrophilic polymers and hydrogels, which may be used in future biomedical and drug delivery applications. Such efforts include the synthesis of self-organized nanostructures based on triblock copolymers with applications in controlled drug delivery. These hydrogels could be used as carriers for drug delivery when combined with the techniques of drug imprinting and subsequent release. Engineered protein hydrogels have many potential advantages. They are excellent biomaterials and biodegradables. Furthermore, they could encapsulate drugs and be used in injectable forms to replace surgery, to repair damaged cartilage, in regenerative medicine, or in tissue engineering. Also, they have potential applications in gene therapy, although this field is relatively new.

Hydrogels Based on Natural Polymers

Hydrogels Based on Natural Polymers
Author: Yu Chen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2019-10-23
ISBN: 0128166185
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogels Based on Natural Polymers Book Excerpt:

Hydrogels Based on Natural Polymers presents the latest research on natural polymer-based hydrogels, covering fundamentals, preparation methods, synthetic pathways, advanced properties, major application areas, and novel characterization techniques. The advantages and disadvantages of each natural polymer-based hydrogel are also discussed, enabling preparation tactics for specific properties and applications. Sections cover fundamentals, development, characteristics, structures and properties. Additional chapters cover presentation methods and properties based on natural polymers, including physical and chemical properties, stimuli-responsive properties, self-healing properties, and biological properties. The final section presents major applications areas, including the biomedical field, agriculture, water treatments, and the food industry. This is a highly valuable resource for academic researchers, scientists and advanced students working with hydrogels and natural polymers, as well as across the fields of polymer science, polymer chemistry, plastics engineering, biopolymers and biomaterials. The detailed information will also be of great interest to scientists and R&D professionals, product designers, technicians and engineers across industries. Provides systematic coverage of all aspects of hydrogels based on natural polymers, including fundamentals, preparation methods, properties and characterization Offers a balanced assessment of the specific properties and possibilities offered by different natural polymer-based hydrogels, drawing on innovative research Examines cutting-edge applications across biomedicine, agriculture, water treatments, and the food industry

Hydrogels

Hydrogels
Author: Sajjad Haider,Adnan Haider
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2018-08-01
ISBN: 1789233682
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogels Book Excerpt:

This new important book is a collection of research and review articles from different parts of the world discussing the dynamic and vibrant field of hydrogels. The articles are linking new findings and critically reviewing the fundamental concepts and principles that are making the base for innovation. Each chapter discusses the potential of hydrogels in diverse areas. These areas include tissue engineering, implants, controlled drug release, and oil reserve treatment. The book is offering an up-to-date knowledge of hydrogels to experienced as well as new researchers.

Intelligent Hydrogels

Intelligent Hydrogels
Author: Gabriele Sadowski,Walter Richtering
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 279
Release: 2014-01-28
ISBN: 3319016830
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intelligent Hydrogels Book Excerpt:

This volume of Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science assembles original contributions and invited reviews from the priority research program "Intelligent Hydrogels", funded by the German Science Foundation DFG since 2006, with about 25 contributing research groups. In the center of interest of this program and the present book are responsive hydrogels, i.e. hydrophilic polymer or polyelectrolyte networks that are able to respond to environmental stimuli such as changes in temperature, pH, additive concentration or electrical field. The activities focus on different aspects: on hydrogel synthesis, on the modeling and simulation of thermophysical hydrogel properties, as well as on innovative new hydrogel applications as smart materials. The present book summarizes the highlights in the results of the priority program in original contributions and invited reviews.

Plant and Algal Hydrogels for Drug Delivery and Regenerative Medicine

Plant and Algal Hydrogels for Drug Delivery and Regenerative Medicine
Author: Tapan Kumar Giri,Bijaya Ghosh
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2021-06-12
ISBN: 0128216506
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant and Algal Hydrogels for Drug Delivery and Regenerative Medicine Book Excerpt:

Plant and Algal Hydrogels for Drug Delivery and Regenerative Medicine offers a materials-focused and systematic overview of biopolymeric hydrogels utilized for biomedical applications. The book details the synthesis and characterization of plant and algal-based hydrogels, with each chapter addressing a separate polysaccharide hydrogel type. Specific applications in drug delivery and regenerative medicine are also discussed, highlighting the efficacy, biocompatibility, benefits and challenges for each polysaccharide hydrogel subtype. There is increasing demand for biomaterials which reduce/prevent the host response, inflammation and rejection, hence this book provides a timely resource. Biopolymeric hydrogels have skyrocketed because of their necessity in in vivo applications. They create an environment similar to living tissue, which is both biocompatible and biodegradable. Plant and algal polysaccharides in particular are well-equipped with functional groups that are easily modified for beneficial results. Systematically covers each plant and algal polysaccharide hydrogel subtype, from starch-based hydrogels to pectin and alginate-based hydrogels Provides an end-to-end description of the synthesis, characterization and application of biopolymeric hydrogels for drug delivery and regenerative medicine Appeals to a diverse readership, including those in biomedicine, pharmacy, polymer chemistry, biochemistry, materials science, biomedical engineering, and other biotechnology related disciplines

Hydrogels in Tissue Engineering

Hydrogels in Tissue Engineering
Author: Esmaiel Jabbari
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 158
Release: 2018-08-24
ISBN: 3038971219
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogels in Tissue Engineering Book Excerpt:

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue " Hydrogels in Tissue Engineering" that was published in Gels