Description : This book examines the nature of economic explanation. The author introduces current thinking in the philosophy of science and reviews the literature on methodology. He looks at the status of welfare economics, and also provides a series of case studies of leading economic controversies, showing how they may be illuminated by paying attention to questions of methodology. A final chapter draws the strands together and gives the author's view of what is wrong with modern economics. This book is a revised and updated edition of a classic work on the methodology of economics.
Description : The major methodological task for modern economists has been to establish the testability of models. Too often, however, methodological assumptions can make a model virtually impossible to test even under ideal conditions, yet few theorists have examined the requirements and problems of assuring testability in economics. In The Methodology of Economic Model Building, first published in 1989, Lawrence Boland presents the results of a research project that spanned more than twenty years. He examines how economists have applied the philosophy of Karl Popper, relating methodological debates about falsifiability to wider discussions about the truth status of models in natural and social sciences. He concludes that model building in economics reflects more the methodological prescriptions of the economist Paul Samuelson than Popper’s ‘falsificationism’. This title will prove invaluable to both students and researchers, and represents a substantial contribution to debates about the scientific status of economics.
Description : 'Terence Hutchison has been a prominent contributor to the literature on economic methodology for the past sixty years. This collection, which includes several new essays, focuses on a consistent theme in his work - the limitations of excessively abstract and formal theorizing and the importance of bringing empirical evidence to bear on economic problems. Sixty years on, his critique of economists' excessive claims for their discipline is as hard-hitting as ever. This is a volume that deserves to be widely read and discussed.' - Roger E. Backhouse, University of Birmingham, UK
Description : Methodology of Economics and Other Social Sciences covers the problems in the methodological aspects of economics and other social science disciplines. This book is organized into seven parts encompassing 26 chapters. The first parts review the nature and significance of methodology of economics, along with the models and theories in the field. The succeeding parts deal with the verification problems, operational concepts, and interpretation of reality in economics. Other parts explore the methodological aspects of other social sciences. The last parts discuss some aspects and applications of economic methodologies. This book will be of value to economists, social scientists, and researchers.
Description : For much of the last three decades or more economic methodology has been dominated by the work of Karl Popper who advocated the position that science is what it is by virtue of its adherence to certain ideals. The methodology of science is therefore not empirical or descriptive, but rather a set of rules for producing `rational' or `objective' knowledge. This volume presents alternatives to an exclusively Popperian methodology: its purpose is not to reject Popper, but to show there are other ways of construing methodology. The book is divided into three parts. Part I contains two critical surveys -- one dealing with the rule-based tradition which has had a great influence on economic methodology in the last three decades and the other arguing for the social conditioning of knowledge. Part II is concerned with auxiliary hypotheses needed to link rational choice at the social and individual levels. Part III follows up on aspects raised in linking rational choice at the social and individual levels by looking at specific issues, including rhetoric and economics and gender and economic research.
Description : The experimental approach in economics is a driving force behind some of the most exciting developments in the field. The 'experimental revolution' was based on a series of bold philosophical premises which have remained until now mostly unexplored. This book provides the first comprehensive analysis and critical discussion of the methodology of experimental economics, written by a philosopher of science with expertise in the field. It outlines the fundamental principles of experimental inference in order to investigate their power, scope and limitations. The author demonstrates that experimental economists have a lot to gain by discussing openly the philosophical principles that guide their work, and that philosophers of science have a lot to learn from their ingenious techniques devised by experimenters in order to tackle difficult scientific problems.
Description : A team of world-renowned experts cast new light on Milton Friedman's 1953 essay 'The methodology of positive economics'.
Description : 'Economists are producers of economic knowledge. But what is the relation of that knowledge to the object of inquiry and to the mode of analysis? the status of a statement of knowledge depends on the positions economists accept in such matters. But economists have quite different perceptions of both the object of inquiry and their mode (s) of analysis. Glenn Fox presents the issues and the positions involved in these matters in a rich and lucid manner. His book is a superb introduction to methodological issues for the beginner and a suggestive review for the specialist.' - Warren J. Samuels, Michigan State University, US This highly original new book examines the scientific status of economics from the perspective of practising economists. It studies how they evaluate their theories, the relationship between those theories and the phenomena they are intended to represent, and the philosophy, methodology and scientific credentials of economics. It examines the tension between economics as the logic of rational choice and as a predictive science, that is reason and reality respectively.
Description : The essays in this collection detail the fate of gypsies in the countries of Eastern Europe through the socialist era, and pay special attention to the experience of the Nazi holocaust. The volume includes essays on Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Albania, Hungary and Romania.