The Mind Body Problem

Author by : Mario Bunge
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
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Description : The Mind–Body Problem: A Psychobiological Approach examines the mind-body problem from a psychobiological perspective. It intends to show that the idea of a separate mental entity is not only unwarranted by the available data and the existing psychological models, but collides head-on with the most fundamental ideas of all modern science and is thus a stumbling block to progress. The book abandons ordinary language in favor of the state space language, which is mathematically precise and is shared by science and scientific philosophy. Comprised of 10 chapters, this monograph begins with an overview of the mind-body problem and its main proposed solutions, classified into main genera: psychophysical monism and psychophysical dualism. In particular, ten views on the mind-body problem are analyzed, along with three main varieties of materialism with regards to the problem: eliminative, reductive (or leveling), and emergentist. The discussion then turns to the notion of a concrete or material system, based on the assumption that behavior is an external manifestation of neural processes. Subsequent chapters explore the specific functions of the central nervous system; sensation and perception; behavior and motivation; memory and learning; thinking and knowing; and consciousness and personality. The book also considers sociality and social behavior in animals before concluding with an assessment of a psychological explanation of the mind, with emphasis on dualism and monism. This work will be of interest to students, academicians, practitioners, and investigators in the fields of psychobiology, psychology, neurophysiology, and philosophy.


The Lost Cause

Author by : Celia Elizabeth Green
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : The concept of causation enters into many fields of philosophy. This analysis has been written with special reference to philosophy of mind, but is of general relevance.


What Am I

Author by : Joseph Almog
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : In his Meditations, René Descartes asks, "what am I?" His initial answer is "a man." But he soon discards it: "But what is a man? Shall I say 'a rational animal'? No: for then I should inquire what an animal is, what rationality is, and in this way one question would lead down the slope to harder ones." Instead of understanding what a man is, Descartes shifts to two new questions: "What is Mind?" and "What is Body?" These questions develop into Descartes's main philosophical preoccupation: the Mind-Body distinction. How can Mind and Body be independent entities, yet joined--essentially so--within a single human being? If Mind and Body are really distinct, are human beings merely a "construction"? On the other hand, if we respect the integrity of humans, are Mind and Body merely aspects of a human being and not subjects in and of themselves? For centuries, philosophers have considered this classic philosophical puzzle. Now, in this compact, engaging, and long-awaited work, UCLA philosopher Joseph Almog closely decodes the French philosopher's argument for distinguishing between the human mind and body while maintaining simultaneously their essential integration in a human being. He argues that Descartes constructed a solution whereby the trio of Human Mind, Body, and Being are essentially interdependent yet remain each a genuine individual subject. Almog's reading not only steers away from the most popular interpretations of Descartes, but also represents a scholar coming to grips directly with Descartes himself. In doing so, Almog creates a work that Cartesian scholars will value, and that will also prove indispensable to philosophers of language, ontology, and the metaphysics of mind.


Representation And The Mind Body Problem In Spinoza

Author by : Michael Della Rocca
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : This first extensive study of Spinoza's philosophy of mind concentrates on two problems crucial to the philosopher's thoughts on the matter: the requirements for having a thought about a particular object, and the problem of the mind's relation to the body. Della Rocca contends that Spinoza's positions are systematically connected with each other and with a principle at the heart of his metaphysical system: his denial of causal or explanatory relations between the mental and the physical. In this way, Della Rocca's exploration of these two problems provides a new and illuminating perspective on Spinoza's philosophy as a system.


Concepts Theories And The Mind Body Problem

Author by : Herbert Feigl
Languange : en
Publisher by : U of Minnesota Press
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Description : Concepts, Theories, and the Mind-Body Problem was first published in 1958. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. This is Volume II of the Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, a series published in cooperation with the Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science at the University of Minnesota. The series editors are Herbert Feigl and Grover Maxwell, who are also co-editors, with Michael Scriven, of this volume. The ten papers by eleven authors which make up the content of this volume are the result of collaborative research of the Center in philosophical and methodological problems of science in general and psychology in particular. The contributors are Paul Oppenheim, Hilary Putnam, Carl G. Hempel, Michael Scriven, Arthur Pap, Wilfrid Sellars, H. Gavin Alexander, P.F. Strawson, Karl Zener, Herbert Feigl, and Paul E. Meehl. In addition, an extensive discussion of "Internationality and the Mental" by Wilfrid Sellars and Roderick Chisholm is presented in an appendix. In a review of this volume the journal Psychiatric Quarterly commented: "These essays will not prove easy for the layman to read, but he can hardly fail to find his effort rewarded if he is persistent. For the professional behavioral scientist increased awareness and caution—in his use of scientific language, and thinking about scientific theory—should result." One of the papers in this volume, "The 'Mental' and the 'Physical'" by Herbert Feigl, has been published by the University of Minnesota Press with further discussion by Dr. Feigl as a separate book,The "Mental" and the "Physical": The Essay and a Postscript.


The Mind Body Problem

Author by : Jonathan Westphal
Languange : en
Publisher by : MIT Press
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Description : An introduction to the mind–body problem, covering all the proposed solutions and offering a powerful new one. Philosophers from Descartes to Kripke have struggled with the glittering prize of modern and contemporary philosophy: the mind-body problem. The brain is physical. If the mind is physical, we cannot see how. If we cannot see how the mind is physical, we cannot see how it can interact with the body. And if the mind is not physical, it cannot interact with the body. Or so it seems. In this book the philosopher Jonathan Westphal examines the mind-body problem in detail, laying out the reasoning behind the solutions that have been offered in the past and presenting his own proposal. The sharp focus on the mind-body problem, a problem that is not about the self, or consciousness, or the soul, or anything other than the mind and the body, helps clarify both problem and solutions. Westphal outlines the history of the mind-body problem, beginning with Descartes. He describes mind-body dualism, which claims that the mind and the body are two different and separate things, nonphysical and physical, and he also examines physicalist theories of mind; antimaterialism, which proposes limits to physicalism and introduces the idea of qualia; and scientific theories of consciousness. Finally, Westphal examines the largely forgotten neutral monist theories of mind and body, held by Ernst Mach, William James, and Bertrand Russell, which attempt neither to extract mind from matter nor to dissolve matter into mind. Westphal proposes his own version of neutral monism. This version is unique among neutral monist theories in offering an account of mind-body interaction.


Research On Mind Body Problem

Author by : Omar Tillis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : What do you know about mind-body problem? Are you interested in mind-body problem? Keep reading cause this book shall show you the depth study about mind-body relation. This book is about the so-called mind-body problem: - How is it that we seem to have free will, yet our bodies are physical objects subject to physical law? - How do electro-chemical impulses in the brain provide us with our rich perceptual world? In short, what is our nature - are we robots or agents? - Are we the effect of our genes and upbringing, or can we actually cause events? - If so how? These questions are important because much of our legal, political and economic systems, as well as our sciences and medicine are predicated on assumed answers (and the answers are not the same across these disciplines). In this volume the focus is on the history of the mind-body problem. The first chapter describes the author's philosophical approach to the mind-body problem which is anti-reductionist. The remainder of this volume focuses on the history of the subject which is important because historical answers are difficult to shake off and they keep reappearing in new guises. There are few arguments in the modern era that are not presaged and argued centuries ago.


The Mind Body Problem

Author by : D. M. Armstrong
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : The relation of mind to body has been argued about by philosophers for centuries. The Mind-Body Problem: An Opinionated Introduction presents the problem as a debate between materialists about the mind and their opponents. After examining the views of Descartes, Hume and Thomas Huxley the debate is traced through the twentieth century to the present day. The emphasis is always on the arguments used, and the way one position develops from another. By the end of the book the reader is afforded both a grasp of the state of the controversy, and how we got there.


Materialism And The Mind Body Problem

Author by : David M. Rosenthal
Languange : en
Publisher by : Hackett Publishing
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Description : The original 1971 anthology, now considered classic, remains intact, but a new section of five essays has been added exploring mind-body materialism in light of recent concerns about how to characterize the various kinds of mental phenomena, and how these phenomena figure in psychological explanations. The introduction and the bibliography too have been augmented rather than revised. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR


The Mind Body Problem

Author by : Howard Burton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Open Agenda Publishing
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Description : This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Janko Tipsarevic, who is a former professional tennis player with a career-high singles ranking of world no. 8 and founder and CEO of Tipsarevic Tennis Academy in Belgrade, Serbia. This conversation gives behind-the-scenes insights on what it takes to achieve excellence in professional sports, what mindset is needed to reach one’s true potential and a penetrating and inspirational window into the psychology of professional tennis that resonates with all of us. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Giving Your All, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. On Nietzsche and Tennis - The dangers of too much perspective II. Lost Opportunities - Reflections on vacuous press conferences III. Commitment - More than just the hours IV. Breaking Through - Leaving nothing back V. Tennis as a Team Sport - Davis Cup and doubles VI. Achieving Potential - Coaching and talent VII. Winner Take All? - Spreading the wealth—or not? About Ideas Roadshow Conversations Series: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website (https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/).


The Mind Body Problem Knot Or Not

Author by : Merle B. Turner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Xlibris Corporation
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Description : The Mind-Body Problem Examined The mystery of consciousness and its relationship to the mind and the material world remains a philosophical enigma. This book is a comprehensive review of the thoughts and research devoted to this problem over the last century and offers the sometimes surprising views of psychologist/philosopher Merle Turner. Written over a period of fifteen years, The Mind-Body Problem: Knot or Not? is the latest word on the identity theory--that mind and body are one. The ontological problem--reality of mind and body; the epistemic problem--interaction of the body and mind; and the methodological problem--relation of knowledge of the mind to the brain are all thoroughly explained. His audience is not limited to professionals. Any concerned lay person or student can follow the arguments. In short, this book offers a brilliant, lucid examination of consciousness and of how the divide between mind and brain can be bridged without denying the reality of either.


Mind And Body

Author by : Robert Kirk
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : A great deal of work in philosophy today is concerned with some aspect of the complex tangle of problems and puzzles roughly labelled the mind-body problem. This book is an introduction to it. It is a readable, lucid and accessible guide that provides readers with authoritative exposition, and a solid and reliable framework which can be built on as needed. The first chapter briefly introduces the subject and moves on to discuss mechanism - the idea that minds are machines - focusing on Searle's Chinese Room argument. The next three chapters discuss dualism, physicalism, and some hard problems for physicalism, especially those concerning phenomenal consciousness. Chapters on behaviourism and functionalism follow. The central mind-body topics are then each given deeper consideration in separate chapters. Intentionality is investigated via Fodor's doctrine of the Language of Thought, taking account of connectionism. The main theories of consciousness are examined and the author's own approach outlined. The concluding chapter briefly resumes the theme of psychological explanation, linking it to further topics. Each chapter ends with a summary of the main points together with suggestions for further reading.


Cognitive Science And The Mind Body Problem

Author by : Morton Wagman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Praeger Publishers
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Description : A scholarly examination of the centrality of the mind-body problem within and across the science of cognition--from philosophy to psychology to artificial intelligence to neural science. Conceptions of the mind-body problem range from the heritage of Cartesianism to the identification of the circumscribed brain structures responsible for domain specific cognitive mechanisms. Neither narrowly technical nor philosophically vague, this is a structured and detailed account of advancing intellectual developments in theory, research, and knowledge illumined by the conceptual vicissitudes of the mind-body problem. This unique treatment will be of special interest to creative scholars in the disciplines of he sciences of cognition.


Metaphysics And The Mind Body Problem

Author by : Michael E. Levin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Minds And Bodies

Author by : Robert Wilkinson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
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Total Read : 93
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Description : This work is an introduction to the mind-body problem. Written with the beginner in mind, Robert Wilkinson carefully introduces the reader to the fundamental components of the philosophy of mind.


Materialism And The Mind Body Problem

Author by : Professor of Philosophy Graduate School and University Center David M Rosenthal
Languange : en
Publisher by : Prentice Hall
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The Geometry Of Vision And The Mind Body Problem

Author by : Robert E. French
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
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Total Read : 41
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Description : This book focuses on the philosophy of perception with particular emphasis on the geometry of phenomenal visual space and mind body issues concerning the relationships between that space and neural activity in the brain. The contents include a detailed attack on naive realism and a defense of the causal theory of perception, along with analyses of both the topology and metric structure of visual space. It is shown how a variable curvature geometry for visual space can account for phenomenal visual depth perception, and an extension of that analysis is given to the other sense systems. The final chapter defends the claim that the conscious mind is a spatial entity, but still questions whether a physicalist reduction can be made of it to activity in the brain.


Mind In A Physical World

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Panpsychism And The Emergence Of Consciousness

Author by : Fabian Klinge
Languange : en
Publisher by : J.B. Metzler
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Total Read : 51
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Description : In this book Fabian Klinge develops a novel approach for explaining phenomenal consciousness. He defends a version of panpsychism, that is the theory, that (some of) the fundamental physical entities exhibit consciousness. However, in contrast to standard conceptions of the view, the author does not take human consciousness to be grounded in but emergent from the consciousness of elementary particles. In this form, he argues, panpsychism can overcome the doctrine’s Achilles' heel, the combination problem, without running into similarly severe problems—thus rendering panpsychism a strong contender to its problem-ridden rivals physicalism and dualism. In addition, the author provides a thorough analysis of the poorly studied concept of metaphysical emergence. He argues that, by refining some of the major contributions in the literature, emergence can be made intelligible enough to serve as a basis for a credible solution proposal to the mind-body problem.


Consciousness And The Great Philosophers

Author by : Stephen Leach
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Consciousness and the Great Philosophers addresses the question of how the great philosophers of the past might have reacted to the contemporary problem of consciousness. Each of the thirty two chapters within this edited collection focuses on a major philosophical figure from the history of philosophy, from Anscombe to Xuanzang, and imaginatively engages with the problem from their perspective. Written by leading experts in the field this exciting and engaging book explores the relevance of the history of philosophy to contemporary debates and therefore is essential reading for students and scholars studying the history of philosophy, contemporary philosophy of mind and consciousness, or both. "


The Undivided Self

Author by : David Charles
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Total Read : 89
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Description : Aristotle initiated the systematic investigation of perception, the emotions, memory, desire and action, developing his own account of these phenomena and their interconnection. The aim of this book is to gain a philosophical understanding of his views and to examine how far they withstand critical scrutiny. Aristotle's account, it is argued, constitutes a philosophically live alternative to conventional post-Cartesian thinking about psychological phenomena and their place in a material world. It offers a way to dissolve, rather than solve, the mind-body problem we have inherited.


Philosophy Of Mind

Author by : Jaegwon Kim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Hachette UK
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Description : The philosophy of mind has long been part of the core philosophy curriculum, and this book is the classic, comprehensive survey of the subject. Designed as an introduction to the field for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, Philosophy of Mind focuses on the mind–body problem and related issues, some touching on the status of psychology and cognitive science. The third edition has been thoroughly updated throughout to reflect developments of the past decade, and it is the only text of its kind that provides a serious and respectful treatment of substance dualism. This edition also includes two new chapters on the nature of consciousness and the status of consciousness. Throughout the text, author Jaegwon Kim allows readers to come to their own terms with the central problems of the mind. At the same time, Kim's emerging views are on display and serve to move the discussion forward. Comprehensive, clear, and fair, Philosophy of Mind is a model of philosophical exposition and a significant contribution to the field.


Philosophical Foundations For A Christian Worldview

Author by : J. P. Moreland
Languange : en
Publisher by : InterVarsity Press
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Total Read : 41
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Description : Arguments are clearly presented, and rival theories are presented with fairness and accuracy."--BOOK JACKET.


The Mystery Of Mind

Author by : Peter M. K. Chan
Languange : en
Publisher by : iUniverse
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Total Read : 13
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Description : The Mystery of Mind is a systematic and critical introduction to the philosophy of mind. At issue is what is known as the mind-body problem. How does a body support a mind with its brain? Pivotal to the book is the author's working out of an adverbial concept of mind that is user-friendly to the materialist cause. It is upon the strength of this adverbial concept that the author has come to hold that the conceptual gap between the neurobiological and the psych-cognitive could in fact be bridged. It is also the author's contention that despite shortcomings of other materialist approaches that have been taken in our time, an intelligible case for the truth of materialism could still be made in the form of a biological emergent two-aspect scenario, i.e., when the adverbial concept of mind he advocates is also brought to bear. All in all, what The Mystery of Mind offers is a systematic introduction to one of the living philosophical issues that have engaged the human intellects for more than two thousand years. This is also the central issue that has motivated research in artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and the philosophy of mind in our time.


Knowledge And The Body Mind Problem

Author by : Karl Popper
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 47
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Description : First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


The Mind Body Politic

Author by : Michelle Maiese
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : Building on contemporary research in embodied cognition, enactivism, and the extended mind, this book explores how social institutions in contemporary neoliberal nation-states systematically affect our thoughts, feelings, and agency. Human beings are, necessarily, social animals who create and belong to social institutions. But social institutions take on a life of their own, and literally shape the minds of all those who belong to them, for better or worse, usually without their being self-consciously aware of it. Indeed, in contemporary neoliberal societies, it is generally for the worse. In The Mind-Body Politic, Michelle Maiese and Robert Hanna work out a new critique of contemporary social institutions by deploying the special standpoint of the philosophy of mind—in particular, the special standpoint of the philosophy of what they call essentially embodied minds—and make a set of concrete, positive proposals for radically changing both these social institutions and also our essentially embodied lives for the better.