The Muscular Ideal

Author by : J. Kevin Thompson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Amer Psychological Assn
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 911
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Description : This edited book draws on new research to provide an overview of the muscular ideal, including historical and present socioeconomic trends, assessment and measurement issues, and clinical presentation of disorders such as muscle dysmorphia. Chapters also cover related issues such as steroid use, repeated cosmetic surgery, and prevention issues.


The Muscular Ideal

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 791
File Size : 45,5 Mb
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Description :


The Effect Of The Muscular Ideal Prime In A Lexical Decision Task

Author by : Stephanie A. Henley
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
Total Download : 283
File Size : 55,6 Mb
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Description : Abstract: Research has shown that body dissatisfaction (BD) is prevalent among males and is associated with unhealthy outcomes (Karazsia & Crowther 2009). Muscular ideal internalization and social comparison are predictors of BD in males. However, the majority of body image research has focused on females, with limited research having been conducted with males. In particular, little research has been aimed at understanding the internal mechanisms associated with male BD. In the current study, I examined the effect of priming an extreme muscular body and a moderate muscular body on the subsequent perception of positive and negative feeling words and positive and negative body-related words in traditional college-aged males. At least 24 hours prior to the in-lab portion of the study, male participants completed an online survey that asked basic demographic information (including their height and weight), the Male Bodies Attitude Scale questionnaire, and the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire. One-third of the participants viewed extreme muscular male models, one-third viewed moderate muscular male models, and one-third viewed plant pictures (control group). All participants completed a lexical decision task including six categories of word stimuli: body positive (BICEPS), body negative (UGLY), feeling positive (PROUD), feeling negative (ASHAMED), neutral (CHAIN), and nonword (JUPER). Stimuli were presented one at a time and participants were asked to determine as quickly and accurately as possible whether each stimulus was a real American English word or a nonword. Based on past research (Barlett, Smith, & Harris, 2006), I predicted that those primed by t e extreme muscular male models would respond significantly more slowly to body and feeling positive words and significantly more quickly to body and feeling negative words compared to those primed with the control or moderate muscular male models. In contrast to these predictions, males in the extreme muscular prime group responded significantly more quickly to both body positive and feeling positive words, and significantly more slowly to feeling negative words. Males in the moderate muscular prime group responded significantly more quickly to both body and feeling positive words, and significantly more slowly to body negative words. I discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these results.


The Adonis Complex

Author by : Martin Bruen
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 298
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The Parents Guide To Psychological First Aid

Author by : Annette Marie La Greca
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 771
File Size : 42,6 Mb
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Description : Presents articles by recognized experts who provide parents with the information needed in order to help children navigate the many trying problems that typically afflict young people.


Adolescence

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
Total Download : 410
File Size : 50,7 Mb
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Body Image Second Edition

Author by : Thomas F. Cash
Languange : en
Publisher by : Guilford Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
Total Download : 697
File Size : 44,6 Mb
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Description : The standard reference for practitioners, researchers, and students, this acclaimed work brings together internationally recognized experts from diverse mental health, medical, and allied health care disciplines. Contributors review established and emerging theories and findings; probe questions of culture, gender, health, and disorder; and present evidence-based assessment, treatment, and prevention approaches for the full range of body image concerns. Capturing the richness and complexity of the field in a readily accessible format, each of the 53 concise chapters concludes with an informative annotated bibliography. New to This Edition *Addresses the most urgent current questions in the field.*Reflects significant advances in key areas: assessment, body image in boys and men, obesity, illness-related body image issues, and cross-cultural research. *Conceptual Foundations section now incorporates evolutionary, genetic, and positive psychology perspectives. *Increased coverage of prevention.


Muscular Judaism

Author by : Todd Samuel Presner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 82
Total Download : 440
File Size : 51,5 Mb
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Description : Providing valuable insights into an element of European nationalism and modernist culture, this book explores the development of the 'Zionist body' as opposed to the traditional stereotype of the physically weak, intellectual Jew. It charts the cultural and intellectual history showing how the 'Muscle Jew' developed as a political symbol of national regeneration.


Oxford Handbook Of The Psychology Of Appearance

Author by : Nichola Rumsey
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 526
File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description : We live in a society in which messages associating physical attractiveness with success and happiness are pervasive. There is an epidemic of appearance concerns amongst teenagers and adults in westernised countries and body image dissatisfaction is now considered normative. Large numbers of people experience negative impacts on wellbeing and, for many adolescents, adults, and even children, appearance concerns are influential in choices about a range of health behaviours. The challenges facing them include difficulties with social encounters and the problem of having to cope with negative self perceptions. The Oxford Handbook of the Psychology of Appearance is a comprehensive reference text written by experts in the field. It examines how people feel about the way they look, and why it is that some people are happy with their appearance whilst increasing numbers are troubled by the way they look - reporting that these appearance-related concerns affect many aspects of their lives including relationships, health and well-being. It considers the influence of other people and how the media affects thoughts and behaviours related to appearance. It explores the experiences of people living with a disfigurement in a society that seems to be increasingly focussed on appearance and the pursuit of an idealised image of beauty, size and weight. Exploring a topic that has been often neglected in the psychological literature, this book will be invaluable for health, clinical, and social psychologists, health professionals working with patients with visible differences, and those in the field of public health and education.


Get Fit Guy S Guide To Achieving Your Ideal Body

Author by : Ben Greenfield
Languange : en
Publisher by : St. Martin's Griffin
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 632
File Size : 55,6 Mb
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Description : All of our physical features—from the shape of our waist and stomach, to the size of our wrists, to the roundness of our arms—are based upon our personal genetics, our fitness, and our health history. So one person's body is different from another's. And that means that the exercise routine that works for one individual may not work for another. The key to fitness success is a customized workout, tailored just for you! That's where Ben Greenfield's book comes in. Focusing on specific exercises designed to target individual body types, Get-Fit Guy's Guide to Achieving Your Ideal Body provides all the tools, tips, and nutritional tricks to achieve your dream body. No more boring marathon sessions at the gym, only to see minimal results (or worse, gaining weight in the wrong areas!) Get-Fit Guy's Guide will show you how to quickly and effectively carve out your ideal body with a workout that targets your individual shape.


Focus On Body Mass Index And Health Research

Author by : Linda A. Ferrera
Languange : en
Publisher by : Nova Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 756
File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description : The Federal guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults have defined "overweight" as a body mass index value between 25 and 29.9; and "obesity" as a body mass index value greater than or equal to 30. BMI is a ratio between weight and height. It is a mathematical formula that correlates with body fat, used to evaluate if a person is at an unhealthy weight (given a certain height). BMI value is more useful for predicting health risks than the weight alone (for adults ages 18 and up). Individuals with high BMI's are at increased risk of developing certain diseases, including: Hypertension, Cardiovascular Disease, Dyslipidemia, Adult-Onset Diabetes (Type II), Sleep Apnea, Osteoarthritis, Female Infertility, and other Conditions, including: idiopathic intracranial hypertension lower extremity venous stasis disease, gastroesophageal reflux and urinary stress incontinence. This new book gathers research from around the world in the critical field of obesity research and its effects.


Muscular Christianity And The Colonial And Post Colonial World

Author by : John J. Macaloon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 713
File Size : 49,6 Mb
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Description : This Volume explores the enormous impact the ethos of Muscular Christianity has had an on modern civil society in English-speaking nations and among the peoples they colonized. First codified by British Christian Socialists in the mid-nineteenth century, explicitly religious forms of the ideology have persistently re-emerged over ensuing decades: secularized, essentialized, and normalized versions of the ethos - the public school spirit, the games ethic, moral masculinity, the strenuous life - came to dominate and to spread rapidly across class, status, and gender lines. These developments have been appropriated by the state to support imperial military and colonial projects. Late nineteenth and early twentieth century apologists and critics alike widely understood Muscular Christianity to be a key engine of British colonialism. This text demonstrates the need to re-evaluate the entire history of Muscular Christianity comes chiefly from contemporary post-colonial studies. The papers explore fascinating case materials from Canada, the U.S., India, Japan, Papua, New Guinea, the Spanish Caribbean, and in Britain in a joint effort to outline a truly international, post-colonial sport history. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.


The Psychology Of Strength And Conditioning

Author by : David Tod
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 895
File Size : 49,9 Mb
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Description : This is the first book to examine the importance of psychological factors in strength and conditioning and to offer a comprehensive overview of current research, theory and best practice. Written by a team of leading international researchers and practitioners, it looks at how psychology influences training and performance and how training can influence an individual’s psychological well-being. Throughout, evidence-based research is combined with discussion of the practical issues facing athletes, coaches and sport science professionals. This book therefore, represents invaluable reading for all advanced students, researchers, trainers and sport scientists with an interest in strength and conditioning or sport psychology.


American Masculinities A Historical Encyclopedia

Author by : Bret Carroll
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 742
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description : "This is a highly recommended purchase for undergraduate, medium-sized, and large public libraries wishing to provide a substantial introduction to the field of men's studies." --Reference & User Services Quarterly "Pleasing layout and good cross-references make Carroll's compendium a welcome addition to collections serving readers of all ages. Highly recommended." --CHOICE "An excellent index, well-chosen photographs and illustrations, and an extensive bibliography add further value. American Masculinities is well worth what would otherise be too hefty a price for many libraries because no other encyclopedia comes close to covering this growing field so well." --American Reference Books Annual American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia is a first-of-its-kind reference, detailing developments in the growing field of men's studies. This up-to-date analytical review serves as a marker of how the field has evolved over the last decade, especially since the 1993 publication of Anthony Rotundo's American Manhood. This seminal book opened new vistas for exploration and research into American History, society, and culture. Weaving the fabric of American history, American Masculinities illustrates how American political leaders have often used the rhetoric of manliness to underscore the presumed moral righteousness and ostensibly protective purposes of their policies. Seeing U.S. history in terms of gender archetypes, readers will gain a richer and deeper understanding of America's democratic political system, domestic and foreign policies, and capitalist economic system, as well as the "private" sphere of the home and domestic life. The contributors to American Masculinities share the assumption that men's lives have been grounded fundamentally in gender, that is, in their awareness of themselves as males. Their approach goes beyond scholarship which traditionally looks at men (and women) in terms of what they do and how they have influenced a given field or era. Rather, this important work delves into the psychological core of manhood which is shaped not only by biology, but also by history, society, and culture. Encapsulating the current state of scholarly interpretation within the field of Men's Studies, American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia is designed to help students and scholars advance their studies, develop new questions for research, and stimulate new ways of exploring the history of American life. Key Features - Reader's Guide facilitates browsing by topic and easy access to information - Extensive name, place, and concept index gives users an additional means of locating topics of interest - More than 250 entries, each with suggestions for further reading - Cross references direct users to related information - Comprehensive bibliography includes a list of sources organized by categories in the field Topics Covered - Arts, Literature, and Popular Culture - Body, Health, and Sexuality - Class, Ethnic, Racial, and Religious Identities - Concepts and Theories - Family and Fatherhood - General History - Icons and Symbols - Leisure and Work - Movements and Organizations - People - Political and Social Issues About the Editor Bret E. Carroll is Associate Professor of History at California State University, Stanislaus. He received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1991. He is author of The Routledge Historical Atlas of Religion in America (1997), Spiritualism in Antebellum America (1997), and several articles on nineteenth-century masculinity.


An International Psychology Of Men

Author by : Chris Blazina
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 448
File Size : 55,6 Mb
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Description : This text is the first to provide a contextual understanding of the clinical issues that affect men and masculinity across a wide range of cultural and national settings. It demonstrates that gender can no longer be viewed as an isolated characteristic; in an era of increased globalization, mental health professionals need to take ethnic and cultural issues into account to provide adequate care for male patients. Numerous international perspectives are offered by the contributing authors, authorities from countries such as Australia, Argentina, Denmark, Canada, India, Ireland, and South Africa, on theoretical and clinical innovations for working with men. Their chapters also offer insight into the socio-cultural contexts for counseling men in and from their respective countries by exploring the ways in which "being a man" is socially defined, what unique challenges men face, and how these challenges can be negotiated within their specific cultural settings. Topics addressed will include boyhood notions of manhood, relationship concerns and power, fatherhood, and men’s body image across the life span. This text will ultimately enable mental health practitioners to have a better understanding of how to work more effectively with male clients.


Eating Disorders

Author by : Justine J. Reel
Languange : en
Publisher by : ABC-CLIO
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 629
File Size : 42,5 Mb
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Description : A timely, relevant work, this encyclopedia provides a comprehensive examination of a full range of topics related to eating disorders and body image. * Case illustrations of eating disorder concerns * A timeline of the history of eating disorders * Contributions from experts in cross-disciplinary fields * Types of prevention programs and ways to promote positive body image


Operation Beautiful

Author by : Caitlin Boyle
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 363
File Size : 47,8 Mb
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Description : Spread a positive message with Operation Beautiful! You're beautiful just the way you are. Smile! Let your inner beauty shine. Imagine walking into a dressing room and finding notes like these stuck to the mirror. How would it make you feel? Operation Beautiful is a movement that promotes positivity and self-esteem by encouraging people to post notes with uplifting messages in public places, all in the hopes of changing the way people see themselves. The movement started out with a website and became a book for adults that published in August 2010. Our new book features notes written by real girls from all over the world alongside stories of how writing and finding these notes has changed their lives. Author and Operation Beautiful creator Caitlin Boyle also shares tips meant especially for girls on issues such as body image, bullying, and healthy eating. This book is an essential read for all growing girls, and is organized and written in a way that is meant for girls to share with their moms or their best friends!


Encyclopedia Of Group Processes And Intergroup Relations

Author by : John M Levine
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 630
File Size : 40,9 Mb
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Description : Over the past 75 years there has been a tremendous amount of theoretical and empirical research on group processes and intergroup relations by scholars in various disciplines. The Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations is a reflection of the growing integration of what were formerly two distinct approaches. With approximately 300 entries, the two volumes of this encyclopedia cover concepts ranging from conformity to diversity and from small group interaction to intergroup relations on a global scale. Key Features Examines the major criteria used by researchers to define groups Conveys what behavioral scientists know and theorize about how people think, feel, and act when responding to ingroup and outgroup members Discusses perspectives on what happens within groups and between groups Key Themes Cognitions and Feelings Conflict and Cooperation Within Groups Group Decision Making Group Performance and Problem Solving Group Structure Identity and Self Influence and Persuasion Intergroup Relations in Society Methodology Organizations Theory Types of Groups and Subgroups


Routledge Handbook Of Youth Sport

Author by : Ken Green
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 576
File Size : 50,7 Mb
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Description : The Routledge Handbook of Youth Sport is a comprehensive survey of the latest research into young people’s involvement in sport. Drawing on a wide diversity of disciplines, including sociology, psychology, policy studies, coaching, physical education and physiology, the book examines the importance of sport during a key transitional period of our lives, from the later teenage years into the early twenties, and therefore helps us develop a better understanding of the social construction of young people’s lives. The book covers youth sport in all its forms, from competitive game-contests and conventional sport to recreational activities, exercise and lifestyle sport, and at all levels, from elite competition to leisure time activities and school physical education. It explores youth sport across the world, in developing and developed countries, and touches on some of the most significant themes and issues in contemporary sport studies, including physical activity and health, lifelong participation, talent identification and development, and safeguarding and abuse. No other book brings together in one place such a breadth and depth of material on youth sport or the engagement of young people in physical activity. The Routledge Handbook of Youth Sport is therefore important reading for all advanced students, researchers, practitioners and policy-makers with an interest in youth sport, youth culture, sport studies or physical education.


The Medical Science Of Total Body Transformation

Author by : Neeraj Goswamy, MD
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lulu Press, Inc
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 975
File Size : 49,5 Mb
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Description : Dr. Goswamy is a board certified physician, author/lecturer, certified master fitness trainer, and weight loss expert. He designed a protocol for rapid weight loss using established medical science, independent research, and his own personal experience. This protocol helped him lose 81 pounds in 7 1/2 months and gain 13 pounds of muscle in 2 weeks. It also got him a clean bill of health.


Muscular Learning

Author by : Clem Seecharan
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 103
File Size : 40,5 Mb
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Description : Seecharan explores the role of that quintessential imperial game - cricket, and education in the shaping of identity in the British West Indies. Inspired by CLR James's Beyond A Boundary, Seecharan locates the foundation of the liberal democratic tradition in access to organized cricket by the West Indian colonial, as well as the birth of an indigenous intellectual tradition dating back to the 1890s. He agrees that in the post-emancipation period because of the comparatively small numbers of Europeans coloured or mixed race people were given early exposure to two of the main instruments of imperial rule - cricket and education. Such exposure was soon expanded to larger subordinate group of Africans and Indians, and consequently engendered in them a belief that mastery of these two imperial idioms would accelerate their social and economic mobility. Cricket and education came to be INVESTED with almost magical properties: indispensable indices of belonging and instruments of deliverance, resulting in the creation of a discrete Anglophone Caribbean identity in spite of resilient rivalries. Written with passion and imagination, this study is a major contribution to the debate on cricket and society in the West Indies.


Body Image

Author by : Ronald D. Lankford, Jr.
Languange : en
Publisher by : Greenhaven Publishing LLC
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
Total Download : 136
File Size : 47,6 Mb
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Description : Body image is the mental picture you have of your body that influences factors like confidence, weight control, and self-esteem. This expansive volume delves into the complex topic of body image. The book discusses what body image is, how society and culture affect body image, and if advertising distorts body image. Readers are provided with discussion questions, a list of organizations to contact, and a comprehensive index.


Sandow The Magnificent

Author by : David L. Chapman
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Illinois Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 786
File Size : 53,5 Mb
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Description : Looks at the life and career of the man who invented the business of bodybuilding, from his days in a European circus to his performances in Amsterdam and continual self-publicity that made him famous


Routledge International Handbook Of Consumer Psychology

Author by : Cathrine V. Jansson-Boyd
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 267
File Size : 44,8 Mb
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Description : This unique handbook maps the growing field of consumer psychology in its increasingly global context. With contributions from over 70 scholars across four continents, the book reflects the cross-cultural and multidisciplinary character of the field. Chapters relate the key consumer concepts to the progressive globalization of markets in which consumers act and consumption takes place. The book is divided into seven sections, offering a truly comprehensive reference work that covers: The historical foundations of the discipline and the rise of globalization The role of cognition and multisensory perception in consumers’ judgements The social self, identity and well-being, including their relation to advertising Social and cultural influences on consumption, including politics and religion Decision making, attitudes and behaviorally based research Sustainable consumption and the role of branding The particularities of online settings in framing and affecting behavior The Routledge International Handbook of Consumer Psychology will be essential reading for anyone interested in how the perceptions, feelings and values of consumers interact with the decisions they make in relation to products and services in a global context. It will also be key reading for students and researchers across psychology and marketing, as well as professionals interested in a deeper understanding of the field.


Gender

Author by : Linda Brannon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
Total Download : 623
File Size : 40,5 Mb
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Description : Gender: Psychological Perspectives synthesizes the latest research on gender to help students think critically about the differences between research findings and stereotypes, provoking them to examine and revise their own preconceptions. The text examines the behavioral, biological, and social context in which women and men express gendered behaviors. The text’s unique pedagogical program helps students understand the portrayal of gender in the media and the application of gender research in the real world. Headlines from the news open each chapter to engage the reader. Gendered Voices present true personal accounts of people's lives. According to the Media boxes highlight gender-related coverage in newspapers, magazines, books, TV, and movies, while According to the Research boxes offer the latest scientifically based research to help students analyze the accuracy and fairness of gender images presented in the media. Additionally, Considering Diversity sections emphasize the cross-cultural perspective of gender. This text is intended for undergraduate or graduate courses on the psychology of gender, psychology of sex, psychology of women or men, gender issues, sex roles, women in society, and women’s or men’s studies. It is also applicable to sociology and anthropology courses on diversity. Seventh Edition Highlights: 12 new headlines on topics ranging from gender and the Flynn effect to gender stereotyping that affects men Coverage of gender issues in aging adults and transgendered individuals Expanded coverage of diversity issues in the US and around the globe, including the latest research from China, Japan, and Europe More tables, figures, and photos to provide summaries of text in an easy-to-absorb format End-of-chapter summaries and glossary Suggested readings for further exploration of chapter topics Companion website at www.routledge.com/cw/Brannon containing both instructor and student resources


Encyclopedia Of African American Education

Author by : Kofi Lomotey
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 436
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Description : The Encyclopedia of African American Education covers educational institutions at every level, from preschool through graduate and professional training, with special attention to historically black and predominantly black colleges and universities. Other entries cover individuals, organizations, associations, and publications that have had a significant impact on African American education. The Encyclopedia also presents information on public policy affecting the education of African Americans, including both court decisions and legislation. It includes a discussion of curriculum, concepts, theories, and alternative models of education, and addresses the topics of gender and sexual orientation, religion, and the media. The Encyclopedia also includes a Reader's Guide, provided to help readers find entries on related topics. It classifies entries in sixteen categories: " Alternative Educational Models " Associations and Organizations " Biographies " Collegiate Education " Curriculum " Economics " Gender " Graduate and Professional Education " Historically Black Colleges and Universities " Legal Cases " Pre-Collegiate Education " Psychology and Human Development " Public Policy " Publications " Religious Institutions " Segregation/Desegregation. Some entries appear in more than one category. This two-volume reference work will be an invaluable resource not only for educators and students but for all readers who seek an understanding of African American education both historically and in the 21st century.