The Neurology of Consciousness

The Neurology of Consciousness
Author: Steven Laureys,Olivia Gosseries,Giulio Tononi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2015-08-12
ISBN: 0128011750
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neurology of Consciousness Book Excerpt:

The second edition of The Neurology of Consciousness is a comprehensive update of this ground-breaking work on human consciousness, the first book in this area to summarize the neuroanatomical and functional underpinnings of consciousness by emphasizing a lesional approach offered by the study of neurological patients. Since the publication of the first edition in 2009, new methodologies have made consciousness much more accessible scientifically, and, in particular, the study of disorders, disruptions, and disturbances of consciousness has added tremendously to our understanding of the biological basis of human consciousness. The publication of a new edition is both critical and timely for continued understanding of the field of consciousness. In this critical and timely update, revised and new contributions by internationally renowned researchers—edited by the leaders in the field of consciousness research—provide a unique and comprehensive focus on human consciousness. The new edition of The Neurobiology of Consciousness will continue to be an indispensable resource for researchers and students working on the cognitive neuroscience of consciousness and related disorders, as well as for neuroscientists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists contemplating consciousness as one of the philosophical, ethical, sociological, political, and religious questions of our time. New chapters on the neuroanatomical basis of consciousness and short-term memory, and expanded coverage of comas and neuroethics, including the ethics of brain death The first comprehensive, authoritative collection to describe disorders of consciousness and how they are used to study and understand the neural correlates of conscious perception in humans. Includes both revised and new chapters from the top international researchers in the field, including Christof Koch, Marcus Raichle, Nicholas Schiff, Joseph Fins, and Michael Gazzaniga

States of Consciousness

States of Consciousness
Author: Dean Cvetkovic,Irena Cosic
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2011-06-22
ISBN: 3642180477
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

States of Consciousness Book Excerpt:

In this accessible overview of current knowledge, an expert team of editors and authors describe experimental approaches to consciousness. These approaches are shedding light on some of the hitherto unknown aspects of the distinct states of human consciousness, including the waking state, different states of sleep and dreaming, meditation and more. The book presents the latest research studies by the contributing authors, whose specialities span neuroscience, neurology, biomedical engineering, clinical psychology and psychophysiology, psychosocial medicine and anthropology. Overall this anthology provides the reader with a clear picture of how different states of consciousness can be defined, experimentally measured and analysed. A future byproduct of this knowledge may be anticipated in the development of systematic corrective treatments for many disorders and pathological problems of consciousness.

Ethical Issues in Neurology

Ethical Issues in Neurology
Author: James L. Bernat
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2008
ISBN: 9780781790604
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical Issues in Neurology Book Excerpt:

Written by an eminent authority from the American Academy of Neurology's Committee on Ethics, Law, and Humanities, this book is an excellent text for all clinicians interested in ethical decision-making. The book features outstanding presentations on dying and palliative care, physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia, medical futility, and the relationship between ethics and the law. New chapters in this edition discuss how clinicians resolve ethical dilemmas in practice and explore ethical issues in neuroscience research. Other highlights include updated material on palliative sedation, advance directives, ICU withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy, gene therapy, the very-low-birth-weight premature infant, the developmentally disabled patient, informed consent, organizational ethics, brain death controversies, and fMRI and PET studies relating to persistent vegetative state.

Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology

Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology
Author: Matthew H. Rouse
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2015
ISBN: 1284023060
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Book Excerpt:

This neuroanatomy text is specifically tailored to the needs of students in Communication Sciences and Disorders. It includes foundational knowledge of general neuroanatomy with a focus on neuroanatomy that is relevant to speech language pathology and audiology. This accessible text introduces students to neuroanatomy with excellent organization of important topics such as, key information on the neurology of: language, speech, hearing, swallowing, cognition, and emotion. The chapter on emotion will be especially relevant to those working with clients with autism spectrum disorders. Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology will help students meet ASHA's Knowledge and Skills Acquisition learning outcome IIIB, which states: 'Student will demonstrate knowledge of basic human communication and swallowing processes, including their biological, neurological, acoustical, cultural, and developmental bases.

Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience

Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Bradley R. Postle
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 607
Release: 2015-02-23
ISBN: 1118468066
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience guides undergraduate and early-stage graduate students with no previous neuroscientific background through the fundamental principles and themes in a concise, organized, and engaging manner. Provides students with the foundation to understand primary literature, recognize current controversies in the field, and engage in discussions on cognitive neuroscience and its future Introduces important experimental methods and techniques integrated throughout the text Assists student comprehension through four-color images and thorough pedagogical resources throughout the text Accompanied by a robust website with multiple choice questions, experiment vidoes, fMRI data, web links and video narratives from a global group of leading scientists for students. For Instructors there are sample syllabi and exam questions

The Boundaries of Consciousness Neurobiology and Neuropathology

The Boundaries of Consciousness  Neurobiology and Neuropathology
Author: Steven Laureys
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2006-06-09
ISBN: 9780080476209
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Boundaries of Consciousness Neurobiology and Neuropathology Book Excerpt:

Consciousness is one of the most significant scientific problems today. Renewed interest in the nature of consciousness - a phenomenon long considered not to be scientifically explorable, as well as increasingly widespread availability of multimodal functional brain imaging techniques (EEG, ERP, MEG, fMRI and PET), now offer the possibility of detailed, integrated exploration of the neural, behavioral, and computational correlates of consciousness. The present volume aims to confront the latest theoretical insights in the scientific study of human consciousness with the most recent behavioral, neuroimaging, electrophysiological, pharmacological and neuropathological data on brain function in altered states of consciousness such as: brain death, coma, vegetative state, minimally conscious state, locked-in syndrome, dementia, epilepsy, schizophrenia, hysteria, general anesthesia, sleep, hypnosis, and hallucinations. The interest of this is threefold. First, patients with altered states of consciousness continue to represent a major clinical problem in terms of clinical assessment of consciousness and daily management. Second, the exploration of brain function in altered states of consciousness represents a unique lesional approach to the scientific study of consciousness and adds to the worldwide effort to identify the "neural correlate of consciousness". Third, new scientific insights in this field have major ethical and social implications regarding our care for these patients.

Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness

Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness
Author: Anil Seth,Geraint Rees
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 89
Release: 2013-05-13
ISBN: 1135900604
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness Book Excerpt:

How do conscious experience, subjectivity, and free will arise from the brain and the body? Even in the late 20th century, consciousness was considered to be beyond the reach of science. Now, understanding the neural mechanisms underlying consciousness is recognized as a key objective for 21st century science. The cognitive neuroscience of consciousness is a fundamentally multidisciplinary enterprise, involving powerful new combinations of functional brain imaging, computational modelling, theoretical innovation, and basic neurobiology. Its progress will be marked by new insights not only into the complex brain mechanisms underlying consciousness, but also by novel clinical approaches to a wide range of neurological and psychiatric disorders. These innovations are well represented by the contents of the present volume. A target article by Victor Lamme puts forward the contentious position that neural evidence should trump evidence from behaviour and introspection, in any theory of consciousness. This article and its several commentaries advance one of the fundamental debates in consciousness science, namely whether there exists non-reportable phenomenal consciousness, perhaps dependent on local rather than global neural processes. Other articles explore the wider terrain of the new science of consciousness. For example, Maniscalco and colleagues use theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation to selectively impair metacognitive awareness; Massimini and coworkers examine changes in functional connectivity during anesthesi, and Vanhaudenhuyse et al describe innovations in detecting residual awareness following traumatic brain injury. Together, then contents of this volume exemplify the `grand challenge of consciousness' in combining transformative questions about the human condition with a tractable programme of experimental and theoretical research.

The Boundaries of Consciousness Neurobiology and Neuropathology

The Boundaries of Consciousness  Neurobiology and Neuropathology
Author: Steven Laureys
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 631
Release: 2006-08-24
ISBN: 0444528768
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Boundaries of Consciousness Neurobiology and Neuropathology Book Excerpt:

Consciousness is one of the most significant scientific problems today. Renewed interest in the nature of consciousness - a phenomenon long considered not to be scientifically explorable, as well as increasingly widespread availability of multimodal functional brain imaging techniques (EEG, ERP, MEG, fMRI and PET), now offer the possibility of detailed, integrated exploration of the neural, behavioral, and computational correlates of consciousness. The present volume aims to confront the latest theoretical insights in the scientific study of human consciousness with the most recent behavioral, neuroimaging, electrophysiological, pharmacological and neuropathological data on brain function in altered states of consciousness such as: brain death, coma, vegetative state, minimally conscious state, locked-in syndrome, dementia, epilepsy, schizophrenia, hysteria, general anesthesia, sleep, hypnosis, and hallucinations. The interest of this is threefold. First, patients with altered states of consciousness continue to represent a major clinical problem in terms of clinical assessment of consciousness and daily management. Second, the exploration of brain function in altered states of consciousness represents a unique lesional approach to the scientific study of consciousness and adds to the worldwide effort to identify the "neural correlate of consciousness". Third, new scientific insights in this field have major ethical and social implications regarding our care for these patients.

The Cognitive Neurosciences

The Cognitive Neurosciences
Author: Michael S. Gazzaniga
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 1377
Release: 2009-09-18
ISBN: 026201341X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cognitive Neurosciences Book Excerpt:

"The fourth edition of The Cognitive Neurosciences continues to chart new directions in the study of the biologic underpinnings of complex cognition - the relationship between the structural and physiological mechanisms of the nervous system and the psychological reality of the mind. The material in this edition is entirely new, with all chapters written specifically for it." --Book Jacket.

The Cognitive Neurosciences fifth edition

The Cognitive Neurosciences  fifth edition
Author: Michael S. Gazzaniga,George R. Mangun
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 1187
Release: 2014-10-24
ISBN: 0262027771
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cognitive Neurosciences fifth edition Book Excerpt:

The fifth edition of a work that defines the field of cognitive neuroscience, with entirely new material that reflects recent advances in the field. Each edition of this classic reference has proved to be a benchmark in the developing field of cognitive neuroscience. The fifth edition of The Cognitive Neurosciences continues to chart new directions in the study of the biological underpinnings of complex cognition—the relationship between the structural and physiological mechanisms of the nervous system and the psychological reality of the mind. It offers entirely new material, reflecting recent advances in the field. Many of the developments in cognitive neuroscience have been shaped by the introduction of novel tools and methodologies, and a new section is devoted to methods that promise to guide the field into the future—from sophisticated models of causality in brain function to the application of network theory to massive data sets. Another new section treats neuroscience and society, considering some of the moral and political quandaries posed by current neuroscientific methods. Other sections describe, among other things, new research that draws on developmental imaging to study the changing structure and function of the brain over the lifespan; progress in establishing increasingly precise models of memory; research that confirms the study of emotion and social cognition as a core area in cognitive neuroscience; and new findings that cast doubt on the so-called neural correlates of consciousness.

Coma Science

Coma Science
Author: Professor Laureys
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2009-10-07
ISBN: 9780080962252
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Coma Science Book Excerpt:

This serial is firmly established as an extensive documentation of the advances in contemporary brain research. Each volume presents authoritative reviews and original articles by invited specialists. This volume concentrates on coma and consciousness science. presenting articles from leading figures in the area on the clinical and ethical implications of work in this field. The book provides a thorough review of the various aspects of coma science from a review of the concepts, questioning of recent advances, case studies, through to where research in the field is heading. * Provides the reader with a unique overview of all aspects of new advances in coma science * Broad focus with contributions by the top scientists worldwide in the respective disciplines

New Horizons in the Neuroscience of Consciousness

New Horizons in the Neuroscience of Consciousness
Author: Elaine K. Perry
Publsiher: John Benjamins Publishing
Total Pages: 361
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9027252157
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Horizons in the Neuroscience of Consciousness Book Excerpt:

A fascinating cornucopia of new ideas, based on fundamentals of neurobiology, psychology, psychiatry and therapy, this book extends boundaries of current concepts of consciousness. Its eclectic mix will simulate and challenge not only neuroscientists and psychologists but entice others interested in exploring consciousness. Contributions from top researchers in consciousness and related fields project diverse ideas, focused mainly on conscious nonconscious interactions: 1. Paving the way for new research on basic scientific - physiological, pharmacological or neurochemical - mechanisms underpinning conscious experience ( bottom up approach); 2. Providing directions on how psychological processes are involved in consciousness ( top down approach); 3. Indicating how including consciousness could lead to new understanding of mental disorders such as schizophrenia, depression, dementia, and addiction; 4. More provocatively, but still based on scientific evidence, exploring consciousness beyond conventional boundaries, indicating the potential for radical new thinking or quantum leaps in neuroscientific theories of consciousness. (Series B)"

The Oxford Handbook of Ethics at the End of Life

The Oxford Handbook of Ethics at the End of Life
Author: Stuart J. Youngner,Robert M. Arnold
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 489
Release: 2016
ISBN: 0199974411
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Ethics at the End of Life Book Excerpt:

This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online.

Finding Consciousness

Finding Consciousness
Author: Walter Sinnott-Armstrong
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2016-01-13
ISBN: 019028031X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Finding Consciousness Book Excerpt:

Modern medicine enables us to keep many people alive after they have suffered severe brain damage and show no reliable outward signs of consciousness. Many such patients are misdiagnosed as being in a permanent vegetative state when they are actually in a minimally conscious state. This mistake has far-reaching implications for treatment and prognosis. To alleviate this problem, neuroscientists have recently developed new brain-scanning methods to detect consciousness in some of these patients and even to ask them questions, including "Do you want to stay alive?" Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage addresses many questions regarding these recent neuroscientific methods: Is what these methods detect really consciousness? Do patients feel pain? Should we decide whether or not to let them die or are they competent to decide for themselves? And which kinds of treatment should governments and hospitals make available? This edited volume provides contextual information, surveys the issues and positions, and takes controversial stands from a wide variety of prominent contributors in fields ranging from neuroscience and neurology to law and policy to philosophy and ethics. Finding Consciousness should interest not only neuroscientists, clinicians, and ethicists but anyone who might suffer brain damage, which includes us all.

Altering Consciousness Multidisciplinary Perspectives 2 volumes

Altering Consciousness  Multidisciplinary Perspectives  2 volumes
Author: Etzel Cardeña,Michael J. Winkelman
Publsiher: ABC-CLIO
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2011-05-18
ISBN: 031338309X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Altering Consciousness Multidisciplinary Perspectives 2 volumes Book Excerpt:

This authoritative, multidisciplinary overview of altered states of consciousness (ASC) shows how their study is necessary to gain a fundamental understanding of human culture, history, and biology. • Contains various illustrations in the two volumes • Presents a bibliography of representative references to the literature on altered states across various disciplines and languages • Provides convenient cross-referencing of subjects across chapters

Ethical Issues in Behavioral Neuroscience

Ethical Issues in Behavioral Neuroscience
Author: Grace Lee,Judy Illes,Frauke Ohl
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2015-02-09
ISBN: 3662448661
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical Issues in Behavioral Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Behavioral neuroscience encompasses the disciplines of neurobiology and psychology to study mechanisms of behavior. This volume provides a contemporary overview of the current state of how ethics informs behavioral neuroscience research. There is dual emphasis on ethical challenges in experimental animal approaches and in clinical and nonclinical research involving human participants.

The Constitution of Phenomenal Consciousness

The Constitution of Phenomenal Consciousness
Author: Steven M. Miller
Publsiher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Total Pages: 473
Release: 2015-06-15
ISBN: 9027268789
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Constitution of Phenomenal Consciousness Book Excerpt:

Philosophers of mind have been arguing for decades about the nature of phenomenal consciousness and the relation between brain and mind. More recently, neuroscientists and philosophers of science have entered the discussion. Which neural activities in the brain constitute phenomenal consciousness, and how could science distinguish the neural correlates of consciousness from its neural constitution? At what level of neural activity is consciousness constituted in the brain and what might be learned from well-studied phenomena like binocular rivalry, attention, memory, affect, pain, dreams and coma? What should the science of consciousness want to know and what should explanation look like in this field? How should the constitution relation be applied to brain and mind and are other relations like identity, supervenience, realization, emergence and causation preferable? Building on a companion volume on the constitution of visual consciousness (AiCR 90), this volume addresses these questions and related empirical and conceptual territory. It brings together, for the first time, scientists and philosophers to discuss this engaging interdisciplinary topic.

Arousal in Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases

Arousal in Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases
Author: Edgar Garcia-Rill
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2019-06-18
ISBN: 0128179937
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Arousal in Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases Book Excerpt:

Arousal in Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases focuses on the dysregulation of arousal found in many neurological and psychiatric disorders. Chapters describe the physiology of each process, how it presents in each disorder, and the most appropriate treatment(s). The book also imparts the understanding of the RAS as a system that not only modulates waking, but also survival mechanisms, such as fight vs. flight responses and other reflexes. This book helps neuroscientists, sleep researchers, neurologists and psychiatrists understand the basic mechanisms that modulate arousal in health and disease. In addition, it promotes therapies that can alter the severity and manifestation of multiple disorders. Provides a comprehensive overview of the basic mechanisms behind dysregulation of arousal in neurological and psychiatric disorders Describes, in detail, the function of the Reticular Activating System with respect to higher functions, motor control and the intertwining of arousal and motor disorders Covers multiple neurological disorders, including epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and autism

Neuroimaging of Consciousness

Neuroimaging of Consciousness
Author: Andrea Eugenio Cavanna,Andrea Nani,Hal Blumenfeld,Steven Laureys
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 261
Release: 2013-07-20
ISBN: 3642375804
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroimaging of Consciousness Book Excerpt:

Within the field of neuroscience, the past few decades have witnessed an exponential growth of research into the brain mechanisms underlying both normal and pathological states of consciousness in humans. The development of sophisticated imaging techniques to visualize and map brain activity in vivo has opened new avenues in our understanding of the pathological processes involved in common neuropsychiatric disorders affecting consciousness, such as epilepsy, coma, vegetative states, dissociative disorders, and dementia. This book presents the state of the art in neuroimaging exploration of the brain correlates of the alterations in consciousness across these conditions, with a particular focus on the potential applications for diagnosis and management. Although the book has a practical approach and is primarily targeted at neurologists, neuroradiologists, and psychiatrists, it will also serve as an essential reference for a wide range of researchers and health care professionals.

The Embodied Self

The Embodied Self
Author: Tarik Bel-Bahar
Publsiher: Schattauer Verlag
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2010
ISBN: 3794527917
Category: Body Image
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Embodied Self Book Excerpt: