The Neuroscience of Intelligence

The Neuroscience of Intelligence
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1107089778
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Intelligence Book Excerpt:

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence and Cognitive Neuroscience

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence and Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Aron K. Barbey,Sherif Karama,Richard J. Haier
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-03-31
ISBN: 1108573746
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence and Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

This handbook introduces the reader to the thought-provoking research on the neural foundations of human intelligence. Written for undergraduate or graduate students, practitioners, and researchers in psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and related fields, the chapters summarize research emerging from the rapidly developing neuroscience literature on human intelligence. The volume focusses on theoretical innovation and recent advances in the measurement, modelling, and characterization of the neurobiology of intelligence differences, especially from brain imaging studies. It summarizes fundamental issues in the characterization and measurement of general intelligence, and surveys multidisciplinary research consortia and large-scale data repositories for the study of general intelligence. A systematic review of neuroimaging methods for studying intelligence is provided, including structural and diffusion-weighted MRI techniques, functional MRI methods, and spectroscopic imaging of metabolic markers of intelligence.

Best Practices in School Neuropsychology

Best Practices in School Neuropsychology
Author: Daniel C. Miller,Denise E. Maricle,Christopher L. Bedford,Julie A. Gettman
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2022-04-26
ISBN: 1119790530
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Best Practices in School Neuropsychology Book Excerpt:

The latest edition of the gold standard in school neuropsychology references In the newly revised Second Edition of Best Practices in School Neuropsychology: Guidelines for Effective Practice, Assessment, and Evidence-Based Intervention, a team of psychological experts delivers a thoroughly updated treatment of modern issues and challenges in school neuropsychology. The editors provide comprehensive discussions of current assessment and intervention models, best practices in assessing cognitive processes, and the important task of collaborating with parents, educators, and other professionals. This latest edition includes: Explorations of the unique challenges posed by working with culturally diverse student populations Clinical advice for learning specialists and neuropsychologists engaged with special populations and students with academic disabilities, processing deficits, or medical disorders New chapters on assessment and intervention with children suffering from trauma or substance abuse Perfect for psychologists, neuropsychologists, clinicians, and academics working in or studying school environments, Best Practices in School Neuropsychology is a must-read reference for practitioners working with children and students who seek a one-stop reference for evidence-informed assessment and intervention guidelines.

The Neuroscience of Addiction

The Neuroscience of Addiction
Author: Francesca Filbey
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2019-03-14
ISBN: 110712798X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Addiction Book Excerpt:

Combines classic theories with current neuroscientific studies to explain the addiction cycle, focusing on neuroimaging studies and applications.

The Neuroscience of Creativity

The Neuroscience of Creativity
Author: Anna Abraham
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2018-10-25
ISBN: 1107176468
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Creativity Book Excerpt:

Discover how the creative brain works across musical, literary, visual artistic, kinesthetic and scientific spheres, and how to study it.

The Neuroscience of Expertise

The Neuroscience of Expertise
Author: Merim Bilalić
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-02-16
ISBN: 1316033732
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Expertise Book Excerpt:

The Neuroscience of Expertise examines the ways in which the brain accommodates the incredible feats of experts. It builds on a tradition of cognitive research to explain how the processes of perception, attention, and memory come together to enable experts' outstanding performance. The text explains how the brain adapts to enable the complex cognitive machinery behind expertise, and provides a unifying framework to illuminate the seemingly unconnected performance of experts in different domains. Whether it is a radiologist who must spot a pathology in a split second, a chess grandmaster who finds the right path in a jungle of possible continuations, or a tennis professional who reacts impossibly quickly to return a serve, The Neuroscience of Expertise offers insight into the universal cognitive and neural mechanisms behind these achievements.

The Neuroscience of Adolescence

The Neuroscience of Adolescence
Author: Adriana Galván
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-07-10
ISBN: 1108210384
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Adolescence Book Excerpt:

As scientific inquiry and public interest in the adolescent brain grows, so too does the need for an accessible textbook that communicates the growing research on this topic. The Neuroscience of Adolescence is a comprehensive educational tool for developmental cognitive neuroscience students at all levels as it details the varying elements that shape the adolescent brain. Historical notions of adolescence have focused on the significant hormonal changes that occur as one transitions from childhood to adolescence, but new research has revealed a more nuanced picture that helps inform our understanding of how the brain functions across the lifespan. By emphasizing the biological and neurobiological changes that occur during adolescence, this book gives students a holistic understanding of this developmental window and uniquely discusses the policy implications of neuroscience research on the lives of young people today.

The Neuroscience of Sleep and Dreams

The Neuroscience of Sleep and Dreams
Author: Patrick McNamara
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2019-03-31
ISBN: 1107171105
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Sleep and Dreams Book Excerpt:

Introduces the neuroscience of sleep and dreams, including an investigation into their potential evolutionary and social functions.

The Neuroscience of Suicidal Behavior

The Neuroscience of Suicidal Behavior
Author: Kees van Heeringen
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018-08-31
ISBN: 1108609031
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Suicidal Behavior Book Excerpt:

Nearly one million people take their own lives each year world-wide - however, contrary to popular belief, suicide can be prevented. While suicide is commonly thought to be an understandable reaction to severe stress, it is actually an abnormal reaction to regular situations. Something more than unbearable stress is needed to explain suicide, and neuroscience shows what this is, how it is caused and how it can be treated. Professor Kees van Heeringen describes findings from neuroscientific research on suicide, using various approaches from population genetics to brain imaging. Compelling evidence is reviewed that shows how and why genetic characteristics or early traumatic experiences may lead to a specific predisposition that makes people vulnerable to triggering life events. Neuroscientific studies are yielding results that provide insight into how the risk of suicide may develop; ultimately demonstrating how suicide can be prevented.

Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory

Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory
Author: Scott D. Slotnick
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2017-02-28
ISBN: 1107084350
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Book Excerpt:

Within the last two decades, the field of cognitive neuroscience has begun to thrive, with technological advances that non-invasively measure human brain activity. This is the first book to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment on the cognitive neuroscience of memory. Topics include cognitive neuroscience techniques and human brain mechanisms underlying long-term memory success, long-term memory failure, working memory, implicit memory, and memory and disease. Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory highlights both spatial and temporal aspects of the functioning human brain during memory. Each chapter is written in an accessible style and includes background information and many figures. In his analysis, Scott D. Slotnick questions popular views, rather than simply assuming they are correct. In this way, science is depicted as open to question, evolving, and exciting.

Cognitive and Social Neuroscience of Aging

Cognitive and Social Neuroscience of Aging
Author: Angela Gutchess
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-01-03
ISBN: 1316028461
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive and Social Neuroscience of Aging Book Excerpt:

Cognitive and Social Neuroscience of Aging is an introduction to how aging affects the brain, intended for audiences with some knowledge of psychology, aging, or neuroscience. The book includes figures illustrating brain regions so that extensive familiarity with neuroanatomy is not a pre-requisite. The depth of coverage also makes this book appropriate for those with considerable knowledge about aging. This book adopts an integrative perspective, including topics such as memory, cognition, cognitive training, emotion, and social processes. Topics include consideration of individual differences and the impact of disorders (e.g. Alzheimer's disease) on brain function with age. Although many declines occur with age, cognitive neuroscience research reveals plasticity and adaptation in the brain as a function of normal aging. This book is written with this perspective in mind, emphasizing the ways in which neuroscience methods have enriched and changed thinking about aging.

Introduction to Human Neuroimaging

Introduction to Human Neuroimaging
Author: Hans Op de Beeck,Chie Nakatani
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2019-05-31
ISBN: 1107180309
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Human Neuroimaging Book Excerpt:

An accessible primer for courses on human neuroimaging methods, with example research studies, color figures, and practice questions.

Artificial Intelligence in Daily Life

Artificial Intelligence in Daily Life
Author: Raymond S. T. Lee
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2020-08-22
ISBN: 9811576955
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence in Daily Life Book Excerpt:

Given the exponential growth of Artificial Intelligence (AI) over the past few decades, AI and its related applications have become part of daily life in ways that we could never have dreamt of only a century ago. Our routines have been changed beyond measure by robotics and AI, which are now used in a vast array of services. Though AI is still in its infancy, we have already benefited immensely. This book introduces readers to basic Artificial Intelligence concepts, and helps them understand the relationship between AI and daily life. In the interest of clarity, the content is divided into four major parts. Part I (AI Concepts) presents fundamental concepts of and information on AI; while Part II (AI Technology) introduces readers to the five core AI Technologies that provide the building blocks for various AI applications, namely: Machine Learning (ML), Data Mining (DM), Computer Vision (CV), Natural Languages Processing (NLP), and Ontology-based Search Engine (OSE). In turn, Part III (AI Applications) reviews major contemporary applications that are impacting our ways of life, working styles and environment, ranging from intelligent agents and robotics to smart campus and smart city projects. Lastly, Part IV (Beyond AI) addresses related topics that are vital to the future development of AI. It also discusses a number of critical issues, such as AI ethics and privacy, the development of a conscious mind, and autonomous robotics in our daily lives.

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science
Author: Thomas Hardy Leahey
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2022-07-19
ISBN: 1000614263
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science draws on research from psychology, philosophy, artificial intelligence, linguistics, evolution, and neuroscience to provide an engaging and student-friendly introduction to this interdisciplinary field. While structured around traditional cognitive psychology topics, from attention, learning theory, and memory to information processing, thinking, and decision making, the book also looks at neural networks, cognitive neuroscience, embodied cognition, and magic to illustrate cognitive science principles. The book is organized around the history of thinking about the mind and its relation to the world. It considers the evolution of cognition and how it demonstrates how our current thinking about cognitive processes is derived from pre-scientific philosophies and common sense, through psychologists’ empirical inquiries into mind and behavior as they pursued a science of cognition and the construction of artificial intelligences. The architectures of cognition are also applied throughout, and the book proposes a synthesis of them, from traditional symbol system architectures to recent work in embodied cognition and Bayesian predictive processing. Practical and policy implications are also considered but solutions are left for the readers to determine. Using extended case studies to address the most important themes, ideas, and findings, this book is suitable for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in psychology and related fields. It is also suitable for general readers interested in an accessible treatment of cognitive science and its practical implications. Please visit www.fundamentalsofcognitivescience.com for further resources to accompany the book.

Fundamentals of Psychology

Fundamentals of Psychology
Author: Michael Eysenck
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2014-08-07
ISBN: 1317568583
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Psychology Book Excerpt:

Aimed at those new to the subject, Fundamentals of Psychology is a clear and reader-friendly textbook that will help students explore and understand the essentials of psychology. This text offers a balanced and accurate representation of the discipline through a highly accessible synoptic approach, which seamlessly brings together all the various related topics. Fundamentals of Psychology combines an authoritative tone, a huge range of psychological material and an informal, analogy-rich style. The text expertly blends admirably up-to-date empirical research and real-life examples and applications, and is both readable and factually dense. The book introduces all the main approaches to psychology, including social, developmental, cognitive, biological, individual differences, and abnormal psychology, as well as psychological research methods. However, it also includes directions for more detailed and advanced study for the interested student. Fundamentals of Psychology incorporates many helpful textbook features which will aid students and reinforce learning, such as: Key-term definitions Extremely clear end-of-chapter summaries Annotated further reading sections Evaluations of significant research findings Numerous illustrations presented in attractive full color. This textbook is also accompanied by a comprehensive program of resources for both students and instructors, which is available free to qualifying adopters. The resources include a web-based Student Learning Program, as well as chapter-by-chapter lecture slides and an interactive chapter-by-chapter multiple-choice question test bank. Combining exceptional content, abundant pedagogical features, and a lively full-color design, Fundamentals of Psychology is an essential resource for anyone new to the subject and more particularly those beginning undergraduate courses. The book will also be ideal for students studying psychology within education, nursing and other healthcare professions.

Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition

Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition
Author: Aleksandra Gruszka,Gerald Matthews,Blazej Szymura
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2010-06-16
ISBN: 9781441912107
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition Book Excerpt:

As cognitive models of behavior continue to evolve, the mechanics of cognitive exceptionality, with its range of individual variations in abilities and performance, remains a challenge to psychology. Reaching beyond the standard view of exceptional cognition equaling superior intelligence, the Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition examines the latest findings from psychobiology, cognitive psychology, and neuroscience, for a comprehensive state-of-the-art volume. Breaking down cognition in terms of attentional mechanisms, working memory, and higher-order processing, contributors discuss general models of cognition and personality. Chapter authors build on this foundation as they revisit current theory in such areas as processing effort and general arousal and examine emerging methods in individual differences research, including new data on the role of brain plasticity in cognitive function. The possibility of a unified theory of individual differences in cognitive ability and the extent to which these variables may account for real-world competencies are emphasized, and commentary chapters offer suggestions for further research priorities. Coverage highlights include: The relationship between cognition and temperamental traits. The development of autobiographical memory. Anxiety and attentional control. The neurophysiology of gender differences in cognitive ability. Intelligence and cognitive control. Individual differences in dual task coordination. The effects of subclinical depression on attention, memory, and reasoning. Mood as a shaper of information. Researchers, clinicians, and graduate students in psychology and cognitive sciences, including clinical psychology and neuropsychology, personality and social psychology, neuroscience, and education, will find the Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition an expert guide to the field as it currently stands and to its agenda for the future.

Artificial General Intelligence 2008

Artificial General Intelligence 2008
Author: P. Wang,B. Goertzel,S. Franklin
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2008-02-18
ISBN: 1607503093
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial General Intelligence 2008 Book Excerpt:

The field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) was initially directly aimed at the construction of ‘thinking machines’ – that is, computer systems with human-like general intelligence. But this task proved more difficult than expected. As the years passed, AI researchers gradually shifted focus to producing AI systems that intelligently approached specific tasks in relatively narrow domains. In recent years, however, more and more AI researchers have recognized the necessity – and the feasibility – of returning to the original goal of the field. Increasingly, there is a call to focus less on highly specialized ‘narrow AI’ problem solving systems, and more on confronting the difficult issues involved in creating ‘human-level intelligence’, and ultimately general intelligence that goes beyond the human level in various ways. Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), as this renewed focus has come to be called, attempts to study and reproduce intelligence as a whole in a domain independent way. Encouraged by the recent success of several smaller-scale AGI-related meetings and special tracks at conferences, the initiative to organize the very first international conference on AGI was taken, with the goal to give researchers in the field an opportunity to present relevant research results and to exchange ideas on topics of common interest. In this collection you will find the conference papers: full-length papers, short position statements and also the papers presented in the post conference workshop on the sociocultural, ethical and futurological implications of AGI.

The Psychology of Attention

The Psychology of Attention
Author: Elizabeth Styles
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2006-10-03
ISBN: 1135424012
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Psychology of Attention Book Excerpt:

Research on attention has evolved dramatically in recent years. There are now many new ways of studying how we are able to select some aspects for processing, whilst ignoring others, and how we are able to combine tasks, learn skills and make intentional actions. Attention is increasingly seen as a complex process intimately linked with perception, memory and action. New questions are continually being addressed, for example in the area of cross modal attention, and the biological bases of attention. After an initial consideration of what attention might be, this book charts the development in the ideas and theories which surround the field. An entirely new chapter addresses the nature of auditory attention and the question of how visual and auditory attention are combined across modalities. The problems of task combination, skill acquisition and automaticity are also considered, as well as the selection and control of action, and conscious and unconscious processing. The Psychology of Attention, Second Edition provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to this fascinating and rapidly developing field

Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology

Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology
Author: Ronald T. Kellogg
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2015-01-07
ISBN: 1483378314
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology Book Excerpt:

With its reader-friendly style, this concise text offers a solid introduction to the fundamental concepts of cognitive psychology. Covering neuroimaging, emotion, and cognitive development, author Ronald T. Kellogg integrates the latest developments in cognitive neuroscience for a cutting-edge exploration of the field today. With new pedagogy, relevant examples, and an expanded full-color insert, the Third Edition is sure to engage students interested in an accessible and applied approach to cognitive psychology.

EPPP Fundamentals

EPPP Fundamentals
Author: Anne Klee, PhD,Bret A. Moore
Publsiher: Springer Publishing Company
Total Pages: 373
Release: 2013-11-04
ISBN: 0826199739
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

EPPP Fundamentals Book Excerpt:

“I am very pleased to see EPPP Fundamentals, a concise, compact presentation of essential information, that does not overwhelm the reader who is already feeling some anxiety about the upcoming exam. This is an effi cient alternative to expensive EPPP preparation courses, and is now at the top of my list of recommendations for our graduates.” Richard Tedeschi, PhD, Professor of Psychology, University of North Carolina-Charlotte This authoritative guide to the EPPP provides an affordable, concise, and comprehensive review of core exam content and includes over 300 sample questions. The guide goes beyond merely “teaching the test” through rote memorization. Instead, it covers the eight content domains of the EPPP and their knowledge areas in a step-by-step, narrative, and review format. The book also includes contributions from the directors of top psychology training and internship programs in the United States. The combined approach of providing a comprehensive review from true content experts helps users gain the depth and breadth of knowledge required for passing the exam, and mirrors how doctoral-level courses are commonly taught. The review gives test-takers an orientation to the EPPP by covering the development and format of the exam along with successful test-taking strategies. Chapters covering EPPP content domains each include a comprehensive review of the material, key points to remember, sample questions and answers, and recommended readings for more in-depth study. Reflecting the test’s presentation, chapter authors cover each subject domain according to the ASPPB’s EPPP Information for Candidates Guide. Chapters are written by clinical supervisors and faculty directly involved in training interns, residents, and fellows in psychology. In addition to sample exam questions with answers in each chapter, a bonus section of 100 questions gives readers practice in taking this high-stakes test. Key Features: Presents an in-depth, comprehensive content review that goes beyond “teaching the test” Provides an affordable alternative to expensive EPPP preparation courses Written and edited by directors of the foremost training, internship, and postdoctoral fellowship programs Includes key points to remember, sample questions and answers, and recommended readings in each chapter Presents over 300 sample questions and answers