The New Turing Omnibus

The New Turing Omnibus
Author: A. K. Dewdney
Publsiher: Macmillan
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2001
ISBN: 9780805071665
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The New Turing Omnibus Book Excerpt:

No other volume provides as broad, as thorough, or as accessible an introduction to the realm of computers as A. K. Dewdney's The Turing Omnibus. Updated and expanded, The Turing Omnibus offers 66 concise, brilliantly written articles on the major points of interest in computer science theory, technology, and applications. New for this tour: updated information on algorithms, detecting primes, noncomputable functions, and self-replicating computers--plus completely new sections on the Mandelbrot set, genetic algorithms, the Newton-Raphson Method, neural networks that learn, DOS systems for personal computers, and computer viruses.

Lectures on Perception

Lectures on Perception
Author: Michael T. Turvey
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2018-10-31
ISBN: 0429813392
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lectures on Perception Book Excerpt:

Lectures on Perception: An Ecological Perspective addresses the generic principles by which each and every kind of life form—from single celled organisms (e.g., difflugia) to multi-celled organisms (e.g., primates)—perceives the circumstances of their living so that they can behave adaptively. It focuses on the fundamental ability that relates each and every organism to its surroundings, namely, the ability to perceive things in the sense of how to get about among them and what to do, or not to do, with them. The book’s core thesis breaks from the conventional interpretation of perception as a form of abduction based on innate hypotheses and acquired knowledge, and from the historical scientific focus on the perceptual abilities of animals, most especially those abilities ascribed to humankind. Specifically, it advances the thesis of perception as a matter of laws and principles at nature’s ecological scale, and gives equal theoretical consideration to the perceptual achievements of all of the classically defined ‘kingdoms’ of organisms—Archaea, Bacteria, Protoctista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.

Turing s Vision

Turing s Vision
Author: Chris Bernhardt
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2016-05-13
ISBN: 0262333813
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Turing s Vision Book Excerpt:

Turing's fascinating and remarkable theory, which now forms the basis of computer science, explained for the general reader. In 1936, when he was just twenty-four years old, Alan Turing wrote a remarkable paper in which he outlined the theory of computation, laying out the ideas that underlie all modern computers. This groundbreaking and powerful theory now forms the basis of computer science. In Turing's Vision, Chris Bernhardt explains the theory, Turing's most important contribution, for the general reader. Bernhardt argues that the strength of Turing's theory is its simplicity, and that, explained in a straightforward manner, it is eminently understandable by the nonspecialist. As Marvin Minsky writes, “The sheer simplicity of the theory's foundation and extraordinary short path from this foundation to its logical and surprising conclusions give the theory a mathematical beauty that alone guarantees it a permanent place in computer theory.” Bernhardt begins with the foundation and systematically builds to the surprising conclusions. He also views Turing's theory in the context of mathematical history, other views of computation (including those of Alonzo Church), Turing's later work, and the birth of the modern computer. In the paper, “On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem,” Turing thinks carefully about how humans perform computation, breaking it down into a sequence of steps, and then constructs theoretical machines capable of performing each step. Turing wanted to show that there were problems that were beyond any computer's ability to solve; in particular, he wanted to find a decision problem that he could prove was undecidable. To explain Turing's ideas, Bernhardt examines three well-known decision problems to explore the concept of undecidability; investigates theoretical computing machines, including Turing machines; explains universal machines; and proves that certain problems are undecidable, including Turing's problem concerning computable numbers.

Cellular Automata

Cellular Automata
Author: Andrew Ilachinski
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 840
Release: 2001-07-03
ISBN: 981310256X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cellular Automata Book Excerpt:

Cellular automata are a class of spatially and temporally discrete mathematical systems characterized by local interaction and synchronous dynamical evolution. Introduced by the mathematician John von Neumann in the 1950s as simple models of biological self-reproduction, they are prototypical models for complex systems and processes consisting of a large number of simple, homogeneous, locally interacting components. Cellular automata have been the focus of great attention over the years because of their ability to generate a rich spectrum of very complex patterns of behavior out of sets of relatively simple underlying rules. Moreover, they appear to capture many essential features of complex self-organizing cooperative behavior observed in real systems. This book provides a summary of the basic properties of cellular automata, and explores in depth many important cellular-automata-related research areas, including artificial life, chaos, emergence, fractals, nonlinear dynamics, and self-organization. It also presents a broad review of the speculative proposition that cellular automata may eventually prove to be theoretical harbingers of a fundamentally new information-based, discrete physics. Designed to be accessible at the junior/senior undergraduate level and above, the book will be of interest to all students, researchers, and professionals wanting to learn about order, chaos, and the emergence of complexity. It contains an extensive bibliography and provides a listing of cellular automata resources available on the World Wide Web.

Algorithms

Algorithms
Author: Panos Louridas
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2020-08-18
ISBN: 0262358670
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Algorithms Book Excerpt:

In the tradition of Real World Algorithms: A Beginner's Guide, Panos Louridas is back to introduce algorithms in an accessible manner, utilizing various examples to explain not just what algorithms are but how they work. Digital technology runs on algorithms, sets of instructions that describe how to do something efficiently. Application areas range from search engines to tournament scheduling, DNA sequencing, and machine learning. Arguing that every educated person today needs to have some understanding of algorithms and what they do, in this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Panos Louridas offers an introduction to algorithms that is accessible to the nonspecialist reader. Louridas explains not just what algorithms are but also how they work, offering a wide range of examples and keeping mathematics to a minimum.

Executive Guide to Preventing Information Technology Disasters

Executive Guide to Preventing Information Technology Disasters
Author: Richard Ennals
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 187
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1447103831
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Executive Guide to Preventing Information Technology Disasters Book Excerpt:

Recent and well-publicised disasters have highlighted the fact that organisations of all kinds - from healthcare to aerospace - are critically dependent on Information Technology systems. The prevention of catastrophic I.T. failure is now an essential part of management. In this thought-provoking guide for executives and managers Richard Ennals argues that the critical factor is not technology, but people and communication.

The Philosophical Computer

The Philosophical Computer
Author: Patrick Grim,Gary Mar,Paul Saint Denis,Paul St. Denis
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 348
Release: 1998
ISBN: 9780262071857
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophical Computer Book Excerpt:

Philosophical modeling is as old as philosophy itself; examples range from Plato's Cave and the Divided Line to Rawls's original position. What is new are the astounding computational resources now available for philosophical modeling. Although the computer cannot offer a substitute for philosophical research, it can offer an important new environment for philosophical research. The authors present a series of exploratory examples of computer modeling, using a range of computational techniques to illuminate a variety of questions in philosophy and philosophical logic. Topics include self-reference and paradox in fuzzy logics, varieties of epistemic chaos, fractal images of formal systems, and cellular automata models in game theory. Examples in the last category include models for the evolution of generosity, possible causes and cures for discrimination, and the formal undecidability of patterns of social and biological interaction. The cross-platform CD-ROM provided with the book contains a variety of working examples, in color and often operating dynamically, embedded in a text that parallels that of the book. Source code of all major programs is included to facilitate further research.

Discrete Maths and Its Applications Global Edition 7e

Discrete Maths and Its Applications Global Edition 7e
Author: Kenneth Rosen
Publsiher: McGraw Hill
Total Pages: 972
Release: 2012-09-16
ISBN: 0077151518
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Discrete Maths and Its Applications Global Edition 7e Book Excerpt:

We are pleased to present this Global Edition which has been developed specifically to meet the needs of international students of discrete mathematics. In addition to great depth in key areas and a broad range of real-world applications across multiple disciplines, we have added new material to make the content more relevant and improve learning outcomes for the international student.This Global Edition includes: An entire new chapter on Algebraic Structures and Coding Theory New and expanded sections within chapters covering Foundations, Basic Structures, and Advanced Counting Techniques Special online only chapters on Boolean Algebra and Modeling Computation New and revised problems for the international student integrating alternative methods and solutions.This Global Edition has been adapted to meet the needs of courses outside of the United States and does not align with the instructor and student resources available with the US edition.

Luck Logic and White Lies

Luck  Logic  and White Lies
Author: Jörg Bewersdorff
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2021-04-28
ISBN: 100037209X
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luck Logic and White Lies Book Excerpt:

Praise for the First Edition "Luck, Logic, and White Lies teaches readers of all backgrounds about the insight mathematical knowledge can bring and is highly recommended reading among avid game players, both to better understand the game itself and to improve one’s skills." – Midwest Book Review "The best book I've found for someone new to game math is Luck, Logic and White Lies by Jörg Bewersdorff. It introduces the reader to a vast mathematical literature, and does so in an enormously clear manner. . ." – Alfred Wallace, Musings, Ramblings, and Things Left Unsaid "The aim is to introduce the mathematics that will allow analysis of the problem or game. This is done in gentle stages, from chapter to chapter, so as to reach as broad an audience as possible . . . Anyone who likes games and has a taste for analytical thinking will enjoy this book." – Peter Fillmore, CMS Notes Luck, Logic, and White Lies: The Mathematics of Games, Second Edition considers a specific problem—generally a game or game fragment and introduces the related mathematical methods. It contains a section on the historical development of the theories of games of chance, and combinatorial and strategic games. This new edition features new and much refreshed chapters, including an all-new Part IV on the problem of how to measure skill in games. Readers are also introduced to new references and techniques developed since the previous edition. Features Provides a uniquely historical perspective on the mathematical underpinnings of a comprehensive list of games Suitable for a broad audience of differing mathematical levels. Anyone with a passion for games, game theory, and mathematics will enjoy this book, whether they be students, academics, or game enthusiasts Covers a wide selection of topics at a level that can be appreciated on a historical, recreational, and mathematical level. Jörg Bewersdorff (1958) studied mathematics from 1975 to 1982 at the University of Bonn and earned his PhD in 1985. In the same year, he started his career as game developer and mathematician. He served as the general manager of the subsidiaries of Gauselmann AG for more than two decades where he developed electronic gaming machines, automatic payment machines, and coin-operated Internet terminals. Dr. Bewersdorff has authored several books on Galois theory (translated in English and Korean), mathematical statistics, and object-oriented programming with JavaScript.

Systems Self Assembly

Systems Self Assembly
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2011-09-22
ISBN: 9780080559759
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Systems Self Assembly Book Excerpt:

Systems Self-Assembly is the only book to showcase state-of-the-art self-assembly systems that arise from the computational, biological, chemical, physical and engineering disciplines. Written by world experts in each area, it provides a coherent, integrated view of both book practice examples and new trends with a clearly presented computational flavor. The unifying thread throughout the text is the computational nature of self-assembling systems. This book consists of 13 chapters dealing with a variety of topics such as the patterns of self-organised nanoparticle assemblies; biomimetic design of dynamic self-assembling systems; computing by self-assembly involving DNA molecules, polyominoes, and cells; evolutionary design of a model of self-assembling chemical structures; self-assembly as an engineering concept across size scales; and probabilistic analysis of self-assembled molecular networks. Other chapters focus on the programming language of dynamic self-assembly; self-assembled computer architectures; simulation of self-assembly processes using abstract reduction systems; computer aided search for optimal self-assembly systems; theoretical aspects of programmable self-assembly; emergent cooperativity in large-scale patterns; and automated self-assembling programming. Systems Self-Assembly is an ideal reference for scientists, researchers and post-graduate students; practitioners in industry, engineering and science; and managers, decision-makers and policy makers. *The only book to showcases state-of-the-art self-assembly systems that arise from the computational, biological, chemical, physical and engineering disciplines *Coherent, integrated view of both book practice examples and new trends with a clearly presented computational flavor *Written by world experts in each area

Beyond Reason

Beyond Reason
Author: A. K. Dewdney
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2004-05-10
ISBN: 0471652423
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Beyond Reason Book Excerpt:

A mind-bending excursion to the limits of science andmathematics Are some scientific problems insoluble? In Beyond Reason,internationally acclaimed math and science author A. K. Dewdneyanswers this question by examining eight insurmountablemathematical and scientific roadblocks that have stumped thinkersacross the centuries, from ancient mathematical conundrums such as"squaring the circle," first attempted by the Pythagoreans, toG?del's vexing theorem, from perpetual motion to the upredictablebehavior of chaotic systems such as the weather. A. K. Dewdney, PhD (Ontario, Canada), was the author of ScientificAmerican's "Computer Recreations" column for eight years. He haswritten several critically acclaimed popular math and sciencebooks, including A Mathematical Mystery Tour (0-471-40734-8); Yes,We Have No Neutrons (0-471-29586-8); and 200% of Nothing(0-471-14574-2).

Finite Versus Infinite

Finite Versus Infinite
Author: Cristian S. Calude,Gheorghe Paun
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1447107519
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Finite Versus Infinite Book Excerpt:

The finite - infinite interplay is central in human thinking, from ancient philosophers and mathematicians (Zeno, Pythagoras), to modern mathe matics (Cantor, Hilbert) and computer science (Turing, Godel). Recent developments in mathematics and computer science suggest a) radically new answers to classical questions (e. g. , does infinity exist?, where does infinity come from?, how to reconcile the finiteness of the human brain with the infinity of ideas it produces?), b) new questions of debate (e. g. , what is the role played by randomness?, are computers capable of handling the infinity through unconventional media of computation?, how can one approximate efficiently the finite by the infinite and, conversely, the infinite by finite?). Distinguished authors from around the world, many of them architects of the mathematics and computer science for the new century, contribute to the volume. Papers are as varied as Professor Marcus' activity, to whom this volume is dedicated. They range from real analysis to DNA com puting, from linguistics to logic, from combinatorics on words to symbolic dynamics, from automata theory to geography, and so on, plus an incursion into the old history of conceptions about infinity and a list of philosophical "open problems". They are mainly mathematical and theoretical computer science texts, but not all of them are purely mathematical.

Evolution Rationality and Cognition

Evolution  Rationality and Cognition
Author: Antonio Zilhao
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2006-01-16
ISBN: 1134230621
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution Rationality and Cognition Book Excerpt:

Evolutionary thinking has expanded in the last decades, spreading from its traditional stronghold – the explanation of speciation and adaptation in biology - to new domains. Fascinating pieces of work, the essays in this collection attest to the illuminating power of evolutionary thinking when applied to the understanding of the human mind. The contributors to Cognition, Evolution and Rationality use an evolutionary standpoint to approach the nature of the human mind, including both cognitive and behavioural functions. Cognitive science is by its nature an interdisciplinary subject and the essays in this collection investigate the workings of the mind through a variety of disciplines including the philosophy of science, the philosophy of mind, game theory, robotics and computational neuroanatomy. Topics covered range from general methodological issues to long-standing philosophical problems such as how rational human beings actually are. With contributions from leading experts in the areas involved, this book will be of interest across a number of fields, including philosophy, evolutionary theory and cognitive science.

Encyclopedia of Ecology

Encyclopedia of Ecology
Author: Brian D. Fath
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 2780
Release: 2018-08-23
ISBN: 0444641300
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Ecology Book Excerpt:

Encyclopedia of Ecology, Second Edition continues the acclaimed work of the previous edition published in 2008. It covers all scales of biological organization, from organisms, to populations, to communities and ecosystems. Laboratory, field, simulation modelling, and theoretical approaches are presented to show how living systems sustain structure and function in space and time. New areas of focus include micro- and macro scales, molecular and genetic ecology, and global ecology (e.g., climate change, earth transformations, ecosystem services, and the food-water-energy nexus) are included. In addition, new, international experts in ecology contribute on a variety of topics. Offers the most broad-ranging and comprehensive resource available in the field of ecology Provides foundational content and suggests further reading Incorporates the expertise of over 500 outstanding investigators in the field of ecology, including top young scientists with both research and teaching experience Includes multimedia resources, such as an Interactive Map Viewer and links to a CSDMS (Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System), an open-source platform for modelers to share and link models dealing with earth system processes

Getting into Oxford Cambridge 2019 Entry

Getting into Oxford   Cambridge 2019 Entry
Author: Mat Carmody
Publsiher: Crimson Publishing
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018-04-02
ISBN: 1911067818
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Getting into Oxford Cambridge 2019 Entry Book Excerpt:

Do you want to study at one of the most prestigious universities in the country? To succeed in your application to Oxford or Cambridge, you need to secure top A level grades and demonstrate real commitment to and enthusiasm for your subject, with admissions based solely on your academic potential . Updated annually to include all the vital details of the most recent admissions procedures, and packed with essential advice to help you win one of the fiercely sought-after places at Oxbridge, Getting into Oxford and Cambridge tells you everything you need to know to make a successful application. Featuring case studies from current students and tips from admissions tutors throughout, it will also give you a good idea of what it's like to study there. It contains practical, step-by-step guidance on the entire application process, including: Key information on each of the colleges, and how to choose the best college for you How to write an effective personal statement, including sample personal statements from recent successful Oxbridge applicants Ways to shine at interview, with a breakdown of what interviewers are looking for Details of the various written tests students face prior to or during interviews First-hand case studies from students who have been successful in the Oxbridge application process Founded in 1973, Mander Portman Woodward (MPW) is one of the UK's best-known groups of independent sixth-form colleges, with centres in London, Birmingham and Cambridge. MPW has one of the highest number of university placements each year of any independent school in the country. It has developed considerable expertise in the field of applications strategy and has authored Getting into guides covering entrance procedures for many popular university courses.

Computer Science

Computer Science
Author: Kyle Kirkland
Publsiher: Infobase Publishing
Total Pages: 225
Release: 2010
ISBN: 0816074410
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Science Book Excerpt:

Presents recent research and discoveries in the field of computer science, including information on artificial intelligence networks, bioinformatics, and encryption.

What Is Computer Science

What Is Computer Science
Author: Daniel Page,Nigel Smart
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2013-12-31
ISBN: 3319040421
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What Is Computer Science Book Excerpt:

This engaging and accessible text addresses the fundamental question: What Is Computer Science? The book showcases a set of representative concepts broadly connected by the theme of information security, for which the presentation of each topic can be treated as a "mini" lecture course, demonstrating how it allows us to solve real problems, as well as how it relates to other subjects. The discussions are further supported by numerous examples and practical hands-on exercises. Features: presents a concise introduction to the study of algorithms and describes how computers work; introduces the concepts of data compression, and error detection and correction; highlights the role of data structures; explores the topic of web-search; reviews both historic and modern cryptographic schemes, examines how a physical system can leak information and discusses the idea of randomness; investigates the science of steganography; provides additional supplementary material at an associated website.

The Big Black Book of Government Conspiracies

The Big Black Book of Government Conspiracies
Author: Andrè RavenSkül Venås
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2019-09-05
ISBN: 0359888887
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Big Black Book of Government Conspiracies Book Excerpt:

This is a compilation of Government Conspiracies from the U.S. and the World.

Big Data

Big Data
Author: Fei Hu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 463
Release: 2016-04-27
ISBN: 1498734871
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Big Data Book Excerpt:

Although there are already some books published on Big Data, most of them only cover basic concepts and society impacts and ignore the internal implementation details-making them unsuitable to R&D people. To fill such a need, Big Data: Storage, Sharing, and Security examines Big Data management from an R&D perspective. It covers the 3S desi

Introduction to Compilers and Language Design

Introduction to Compilers and Language Design
Author: Douglas Thain
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2019-07-24
ISBN: 0359138047
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Compilers and Language Design Book Excerpt:

A compiler translates a program written in a high level language into a program written in a lower level language. For students of computer science, building a compiler from scratch is a rite of passage: a challenging and fun project that offers insight into many different aspects of computer science, some deeply theoretical, and others highly practical. This book offers a one semester introduction into compiler construction, enabling the reader to build a simple compiler that accepts a C-like language and translates it into working X86 or ARM assembly language. It is most suitable for undergraduate students who have some experience programming in C, and have taken courses in data structures and computer architecture.