The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention
Author: Brandon C. Welsh,David P. Farrington
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2014-06-18
ISBN: 0199396698
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention Book Excerpt:

How can a society prevent-not deter, not punish-but prevent crime? Criminal justice prevention, commonly called crime control, aims to prevent crime after an initial offence has been commited through anything from an arrest to a death penalty sentence. These traditional means have been frequently examined and their efficacy just as frequently questioned. Promising new forms of crime prevention have emerged and expanded as important components of an overall strategy to reduce crime. Crime prevention today has developed along three lines: interventions to improve the life chances of children and prevent them from embarking on a life of crime; programs and policies designed to ameliorate the social conditions and institutions that influence offending; and the modification or manipulation of the physical environment, products, or systems to reduce everyday opportunities for crime. Each strategy aims at preventing crime or criminal offending in the first instance - before the act has been committed. Each, importantly, takes place outside of the formal criminal justice system, representing an alternative, perhaps even socially progressive way to reduce crime. The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention is a comprehensive, up-to-date, and authoritative review of research on crime prevention. Bringing together top scholars in criminology, public policy, psychology, and sociology, this Handbook includes critical reviews of the main theories that form the basis of crime prevention, evidence-based assessments of the effectiveness of the most important interventions, and cross-cutting essays that examine implementation, evaluation methodology, and public policy. Covering the three major crime prevention strategies active today-developmental, community, and situational-this definitive volume addresses seriously and critically the ways in which the United States and the Western world have attempted, and should continue to strive for the of crime.

The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy

The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy
Author: Michael Tonry
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2011
ISBN: 0199844658
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy Book Excerpt:

Much of the scholarly literature and principal books on criminal justice and crime control policy take the operations of the criminal justice system, the causes of crime and delinquency, theories about crime and justice, and crime prevention as the central topics for study and policy analysis. But law enforcement and public officials create policy responses to specific crimes, not broad categories of offenses. In order to develop the most effective policies, one needs to understand why particular crimes occur and what approaches might best prevent them or minimize the harm they cause. Taking this fresh perspective, The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy offers a comprehensive examination of crimes as public policy subjects. Michael Tonry, a leading authority on criminology, has brought together the most distinguished active scholars in the field to present a wide-ranging overview and analysis of violent and sexual crimes, property crimes, transactional crimes, transnational crimes, and crimes against morality. The crimes investigated range from often-discussed offenses (homicide, auto theft, sexual violence) to those that only recently began to receive attention (child abuse, domestic violence, environmental crimes); it includes new crimes (identity theft, cybercrime) as well as age-old crimes (drug abuse, gambling, prostitution). Written in a straightforward and accessible manner, each chapter explains why crimes happen, how often, and what we know about efforts to prevent or control them. Aimed at a wide audience of scholars, students, and policy makers, the Handbook is the definitive reference work on crimes and public policy responses to them.

The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice
Author: Michael Tonry
Publsiher: OUP USA
Total Pages: 978
Release: 2011-09-29
ISBN: 0195395085
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive and accesible overview of the operation of the American criminal justice system. This handbook's extensive coverage of the criminal justice system in the U.S. makes it an important reference for students and scholars in criminal justice, law, and public policy.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology
Author: Gerben J. N. Bruinsma,Shane D. Johnson
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 976
Release: 2018
ISBN: 0190279702
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology Book Excerpt:

The study of how the environment, local geography, and physical locations influence crime has a long history that stretches across many research traditions. These include the neighborhood effects approach developed in the 1920s, the criminology of place, and a newer approach that attends to the perception of crime in communities. Aided by new technologies and improved data-reporting in recent decades, research in environmental criminology has developed rapidly within each of these approaches. Yet research in the subfield remains fragmented and competing theories are rarely examined together. The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology takes a unique approach and synthesizes the contributions of existing methods to better integrate the subfield as a whole. Gerben J.N. Bruinsma and Shane D. Johnson have assembled a cast of top scholars to provide an in-depth source for understanding how and why physical setting can influence the emergence of crime, affect the environment, and impact individual or group behavior. The contributors address how changes in the environment, global connectivity, and technology provide more criminal opportunities and new ways of committing old crimes. They also explore how crimes committed in countries with distinct cultural practices like China and West Africa might lead to different spatial patterns of crime. This is a state-of-the-art compendium on environmental criminology that reflects the diverse research and theory developed across the western world.

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology
Author: Mike Maguire,Rodney Morgan,Robert Reiner
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 1185
Release: 2007
ISBN: 0199205442
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology Book Excerpt:

teachers and students of criminology and is a sourcebook for professionals.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology
Author: Gerben J.N. Bruinsma,Shane D. Johnson
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 904
Release: 2018-02-08
ISBN: 0190279710
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology Book Excerpt:

The study of how the environment, local geography, and physical locations influence crime has a long history that stretches across many research traditions. These include the neighborhood effects approach developed in the 1920s, the criminology of place, and a newer approach that attends to the perception of crime in communities. Aided by new technologies and improved data-reporting in recent decades, research in environmental criminology has developed rapidly within each of these approaches. Yet research in the subfield remains fragmented and competing theories are rarely examined together. The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology takes a unique approach and synthesizes the contributions of existing methods to better integrate the subfield as a whole. Gerben J.N. Bruinsma and Shane D. Johnson have assembled a cast of top scholars to provide an in-depth source for understanding how and why physical setting can influence the emergence of crime, affect the environment, and impact individual or group behavior. The contributors address how changes in the environment, global connectivity, and technology provide more criminal opportunities and new ways of committing old crimes. They also explore how crimes committed in countries with distinct cultural practices like China and West Africa might lead to different spatial patterns of crime. This is a state-of-the-art compendium on environmental criminology that reflects the diverse research and theory developed across the western world.

Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety

Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety
Author: Nick Tilley,Aiden Sidebottom
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2017-03-27
ISBN: 1317530829
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety Book Excerpt:

This second edition of the Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety provides a completely revised and updated collection of essays focusing on the theory and practice of crime prevention and the creation of safer communities. This book is divided into five comprehensive parts: Part I, brand new to this edition, is concerned with theoretical perspectives on crime prevention and community safety. Part II considers general approaches to preventing crime, including a new chapter on the theory and practice of deterrence. Part III focuses on specific crime prevention strategies, including a new chapter on regulation for crime prevention. Part IV focuses on the prevention of specific categories of crime and the fear they generate, including new chapters on organised crime and cybercrime. Part V considers the preventative process: the methods through which presenting problems can be analysed, responses formulated and implemented, and their effectiveness evaluated. Bringing together leading academics and practitioners from the UK, US, Australia and the Netherlands, this volume will be an invaluable reference for researchers and practitioners whose work relates to crime prevention and community safety, as well as for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in crime prevention.

The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

The  Oxford  Handbook of Criminological Theory
Author: Pamela Wilcox
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 768
Release: 2015-12-01
ISBN: 0190457074
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory Book Excerpt:

Criminological theory texts typically follow a conventional format. Diverse writings are neatly packaged into schools of thought, which are given clear labels and conveyed a chapter at a time, with topics like control theory in one chapter and strain theory in another. The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory takes a different approach across the criminological landscape. The volume is organized not around schools of thought but around themes that shape much thinking about and research on crime. This more unconventional approach seeks to show that criminological theory is not static but dynamic. In fact, most prominent scholars do not spend their time commenting upon and retesting theoretical propositions that have existed for many years. Rather, they move into more novel areas--areas often located in the interstitial junctures between more traditional theories. This Oxford Handbook presents a series of essays that captures not the past of criminology, but where theoretical explanation is headed. As a result, the volume is replete with new ideas, discussions of substantive topics with salient theoretical implications, and reviews and interpretations of literatures that illuminate promising avenues along which theory and research should evolve. Special attention is paid to how criminal participation is shaped intimately by individual traits, diverse social contexts, the situations in which the choice of crime is made, and exposure to coercive experiences. Each chapter can be read on its own--as furnishing an important analysis of a given theoretical issue--yet read as a whole, The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory offers a unique and deep understanding of criminology at its cutting edge.

The Oxford Textbook on Criminology

The Oxford Textbook on Criminology
Author: Steve (Head of Social and Policy Studies and Professor of Criminology Case, Head of Social and Policy Studies and Professor of Criminology Loughborough University),Steve Case,Phil (Academic Subject Leader (Criminology) Johnson, Academic Subject Leader (Criminology) Blackburn University Centre),David (Principal Lecturer Manlow, Principal Lecturer University of Westminster),David Manlow,Philip Johnson,Kate Williams,Roger (Professor of Social Work Smith, Professor of Social Work Durham University),Roger Smith,Kate (Professor in Criminology Williams, Professor in Criminology University of South Wales)
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1128
Release: 2021-06-30
ISBN: 0198835833
Category: Criminology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Textbook on Criminology Book Excerpt:

With its uniquely student-focused approach and authoritative coverage of all key topics, The Oxford Textbook on Criminology is the essential companion to exploring crime and criminal justice. It acts as an energising springboard, equipping readers with the skills to form their own views and the confidence to see themselves as valued criminologists.

The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making

The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making
Author: Wim Bernasco,Henk Elffers,Jean-Louis van Gelder
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 760
Release: 2017-05-08
ISBN: 0199338817
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making Book Excerpt:

Although the issue of offender decision-making pervades almost every discussion of crime and law enforcement, only a few comprehensive texts cover and integrate information about the role of decision-making in crime. The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making provide high-quality reviews of the main paradigms in offender decision-making, such as rational choice theory and dual-process theory. It contains up-to-date reviews of empirical research on decision-making in a wide range of decision types including not only criminal initiation and desistance, but also choice of locations, times, targets, victims, methods as well as large variety crimes including homicide, robbery, domestic violence, burglary, street crime, sexual crimes, and cybercrime. Lastly, it provides in-depth treatments of the major methods used to study offender decision-making, including experiments, observation studies, surveys, offender interviews, and simulations. Comprehensive and authoritative, the Handbook will quickly become the primary source of theoretical, methodological, and empirical knowledge about decision-making as it relates to criminal behavior.

The Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life Course Criminology

The Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life Course Criminology
Author: David P. Farrington,Lila Kazemian,Alex R. Piquero
Publsiher: Oxford Handbooks
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2018-12-19
ISBN: 0190201371
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life Course Criminology Book Excerpt:

Developmental and life-course criminology are both concerned with the study of changes in offending and problem behaviors over time. Developmental studies in criminology focus on psychological factors that influence the onset and persistence of criminal behavior, while life-course studies analyze how changes in social arrangements, like marriage, education or social networks, can lead to changes in offending. Though each perspective is clearly concerned with patterns of offending and problem behavior over time, the literature on each is spread across various disciplines, including criminology & criminal justice, psychology, and sociology. The Oxford Handbook on Developmental and Life-Course Criminology offers the first comprehensive survey of these two approaches together. Edited by three noted authorities in the field, the volume provides in-depth critical reviews of the development of offending, developmental and life-course theories, development correlates and risk/protective factors, life transitions and turning points, and effective developmental interventions from the world's leading scholars. In the first two sections, the contributors provide overviews of specific criminal career parameters, including age-crime curve, prevalence/frequency of offending, and co-offending, and review the main theoretical frameworks in the developmental and life-course criminology areas. They further summarize some of the empirical literature on known developmental correlates and risk/protective factors associated with longitudinal patterns of offending in the next section. The fourth section focuses on life transitions and turning points as they may relate to persistence in-or desistance from-criminal activity into adulthood, while the final section examines the genesis of antisocial, delinquent, and criminal activity, its maintenance, and its cessation. A state of the art overview on the topic, this Handbook aims to be the most authoritative resource on all issues germane to developmental and life-course criminologists and provides next steps for further research.

The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing

The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing
Author: Michael D. Reisig,Robert J. Kane
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2014-03-31
ISBN: 0199843899
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing Book Excerpt:

The police are perhaps the most visible representation of government. They are charged with what has been characterized as an "impossible" mandate -- control and prevent crime, keep the peace, provide public services -- and do so within the constraints of democratic principles. The police are trusted to use deadly force when it is called for and are allowed access to our homes in cases of emergency. In fact, police departments are one of the few government agencies that can be mobilized by a simple phone call, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. They are ubiquitous within our society, but their actions are often not well understood. The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing brings together research on the development and operation of policing in the United States and elsewhere. Accomplished policing researchers Michael D. Reisig and Robert J. Kane have assembled a cast of renowned scholars to provide an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the institution of policing. The different sections of the Handbook explore policing contexts, strategies, authority, and issues relating to race and ethnicity. The Handbook also includes reviews of the research methodologies used by policing scholars and considerations of the factors that will ultimately shape the future of policing, thus providing persuasive insights into why and how policing has developed, what it is today, and what to expect in the future. Aimed at a wide audience of scholars and students in criminology and criminal justice, as well as police professionals, the Handbook serves as the definitive resource for information on this important institution.

Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention
Author: Stephen Schneider
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2014-12-16
ISBN: 1466577118
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crime Prevention Book Excerpt:

In Crime Prevention: Theory and Practice, Second Edition, Dr. Schneider has updated every chapter in this reliable text using the latest research, the most recently published articles and books, and feedback from professors and students using the first edition. Providing an introduction to dominant approaches, key concepts, theories, and research, the book supplies concrete advice on planning, implementing, and evaluating a crime prevention plan. This edition includes a new chapter applying crime prevention through social development principles to adolescents and young adults. This chapter is a recognition of the disproportionate rate of offending by adolescents and young adults as well as the distinctive risk factors faced by these groups. It also emphasizes the unique nature of applying social problem-solving solutions to adolescents and young adults who have been in formal contact with the criminal justice system. The focus is on recidivism prevention, an often-ignored, but critical aspect of crime prevention. Laying out a systematic blueprint for a successful crime prevention project, the book also updates the extant literature on crime prevention—in particular the addition of research that has been published since the first edition of this book. Updated case studies reflecting new data present real examples of crime prevention programs and organizations and illustrate the conceptual, theoretical, and empirical elements of the book. Learning objectives, discussion questions, and exercises facilitate learning and retention and a companion website provides ancillary material for students and professors.

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology
Author: Alison Liebling,Shadd Maruna,Lesley McAra
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1024
Release: 2017-05-18
ISBN: 0198719442
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology Book Excerpt:

With contributions from over 60 leading experts in the field, The Oxford Handbook of Criminology is the definitive guide to the discipline providing an authoritative and outstanding collection of chapters on the key topics studied on criminology courses. The Handbook has shaped the study of criminology for over two decades and, with this new edition, continues to be indispensable to students, academics, and professionals alike. Each chapter details relevant theory, recent research, policy developments, and current debates. Extensive references aid further research. Extensively revised, the sixth edition has been expanded to include all the major topics and significant new issues such as zemiology; green criminology; domestic violence; prostitution and sex work; penal populism; and the significance of globalization for criminology. The Oxford Handbook of Criminology is accompanied by a suite of online resources providing additional teaching and learning materials for both students and lecturers. This includes selected chapters from previous editions, essay questions for each chapter, web links to aid further research, and guidance on how to answer essay questions.

The Handbook of Crime Punishment

The Handbook of Crime   Punishment
Author: Michael H. Tonry
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 803
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9780195140606
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Handbook of Crime Punishment Book Excerpt:

Consisting of 28 articles, this comprehensive reference work on the study of crime, examines: its causes, effects, trends, and institutions, current philosophies of punishment and ways of controlling crime.

The Oxford Handbook of White collar Crime

The Oxford Handbook of White collar Crime
Author: Shanna Van Slyke,Michael L. Benson,Francis T. Cullen
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 719
Release: 2016
ISBN: 0199925518
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of White collar Crime Book Excerpt:

"The Oxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime offers a comprehensive treatment of the most up-to-date theories and research regarding white-collar crime. Contributors tackle a vast range of topics, including the impact of white-collar crime, the contexts in which it occurs, current crime policies and debates, and examinations of the criminals themselves. The volume concludes with a set of essays that discuss potential responses for controlling white-collar crime, as well as promising new avenues for future research,. Uniting conceptual theories, empirical research, and ethnographic data, this Handbook provides the first unified analytic framework on white-collar crime." -- Inside cover

Routledge Handbook of Crime Science

Routledge Handbook of Crime Science
Author: Richard Wortley,Aiden Sidebottom,Nick Tilley,Gloria Laycock
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 474
Release: 2018-11-13
ISBN: 1135981736
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routledge Handbook of Crime Science Book Excerpt:

Crime science is precisely what it says it is: the application of science to the phenomenon of crime. This handbook, intended as a crime science manifesto, showcases the scope of the crime science field and provides the reader with an understanding of the assumptions, aspirations and methods of crime science, as well as the variety of topics that fall within its purview. Crime science provides a distinctive approach to understanding and dealing with crime: one that is outcome-oriented, evidence-based and that crosses boundaries between disciplines. The central mission of crime science is to find new ways to cut crime and increase security. Beginning by setting out the case for crime science, the editors examine the roots of crime science in environmental criminology and describe its key features. The book is then divided into two sections. The first section comprises chapters by disciplinary specialists about the contributions their sciences can make or have already made to crime science. Chapter 12 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/tandfbis/rt-files/docs/Open+Access+Chapters/9780415826266_oachapter12.pdf

Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention
Author: Adam Sutton,Adrian Cherney,Rob White,Garner Clancey
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-02-28
ISBN: 110884930X
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crime Prevention Book Excerpt:

Crime Prevention: Principles, Perspectives and Practices introduces readers to the theory and practice of crime prevention. Now in its third edition, this book argues for a combination of social and situational/environmental crime prevention strategies as more effective alternatives to policing, criminal justice and 'law and order' approaches. Contending that the principles of prevention can be applied to persistent crime problems such as alcohol-related violence and family and domestic violence, the book explores the prevention of other broad societal harms including terrorism, cybercrime and threats to the environment. The book features useful pedagogy such as case studies, discussion questions and extension topics, as well as new chapters on environmental crime and counter-terrorism. Written by a team of experts in the field of criminology, Crime Prevention remains an authoritative introduction to crime prevention in Australia, and is an invaluable resource for criminology students.

Criminology

Criminology
Author: Katherine Williams
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1024
Release: 2017-03-30
ISBN: 0198736754
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Criminology Book Excerpt:

CRIMINOLOGY. Thorough. Engaging. Distinctive. Criminology is a core, introductory textbook that takes students further. From the first chapter, students are encouraged to regard themselves as producers of criminological knowledge. Starting from the basics, the book takes students on a journey through the subject. This begins with what crime isand the theories that try to explain it, through society's response to crime, and ultimately to how to carry out independent research and plan first steps in a career. The critical, applied approach is emphasized through some of the many features that are integrated throughout the book. These include conversations with authentic voices from the field, compelling personal insights from the authors, and challenges to students to question assumptions, apply knowledgeand critically reflect on their personal viewpoints. The ultimate goal behind Criminology is a bold, important, and ambitious one. Both student-focused and research engaged, the purpose of the book is to contribute towards producing the next generation of criminologists who are switched-on, excited, active, and - above all - critical. Online Resource Centre: Criminology is accompanied by an Online Resource Centre containing the following resources: * Selected further readings and web links * Over 100 multiple choice questions * Advice on 'decoding' academic articles * Numerous time-saving resources for teaching staff

Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention
Author: Steven P. Lab
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2016-02-12
ISBN: 1317495926
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crime Prevention Book Excerpt:

Crime Prevention: Approaches, Practices, and Evaluations, 9th Edition, meets the needs of students and instructors for engaging, evidence-based, impartial coverage of the origins of crime, as well as of public policy that can reduce or prevent deviance. The book examines a range of approaches to preventing crime and elucidates their respective goals. Strategies include primary prevention measures designed to prevent conditions that foster deviance; secondary prevention measures directed toward persons or conditions with a high potential for deviance; and tertiary prevention measures to deal with persons who have already committed crimes. This edition provides research and information on all aspects of crime prevention, including the physical environment and crime, neighborhood crime prevention programs, community policing, crime in schools, and electronic monitoring and home confinement. Lab offers a thorough and well-rounded discussion of the many sides of the crime prevention debate, in clear and accessible language.