The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences
Author: Andrew C. Papanicolaou
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 397
Release: 2017
ISBN: 0199764220
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences Book Excerpt:

A large part of the contemporary cognitive neuroscience literature involves functional neuroimaging, yet few readers are sufficiently familiar with it to appraise that literature correctly. The purpose of this Handbook is to enable them to understand the neuroimaging methods and evaluate their present contributions and future promise in the fields of cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology. The chapters contain very accessible descriptions of the various methodsand an objective account of their clinical and research applications.

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences
Author: Andrew C. Papanicolaou
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2017-04-27
ISBN: 0190621400
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences describes in a readily accessible manner the several functional neuroimaging methods and critically appraises their applications that today account for a large part of the contemporary cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology literature. The complexity and the novelty of these methods often cloud appreciation of the methods' contributions and future promise. The Handbook begins with an overview of the basic concepts of functional brain imaging common to all methods, and proceeds with a description of each of them, namely magnetoencephalography (MEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Its second part covers the various research applications of functional neuroimaging on issues like the function of the default mode network; the possibility and the utility of imaging of consciousness; the search for mnemonic traces of concepts; human will and decision-making; motor cognition; language; the mechanisms of affective states and pain; the presurgical mapping of the brain; and others. As such, the volume reviews the methods and their contributions to current research and comments on the degree to which they have enhanced our understanding of the relation between neurophysiological activity and sensory, motor, and cognitive functions. Moreover, it carefully considers realistic contributions of functional neuroimaging to future endeavors in cognitive neuroscience, medicine, and neuropsychology.

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics
Author: Judy Illes,Barbara J. Sahakian
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 976
Release: 2011-04-07
ISBN: 0191620912
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics Book Excerpt:

The past two decades have seen unparalleled developments in our knowledge of the brain and mind. However, these advances have forced us to confront head-on some significant ethical issues regarding our application of this information in the real world- whether using brain images to establish guilt within a court of law, or developing drugs to enhance cognition. Historically, any consideration of the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging technologies in science and medicine has lagged behind the discovery of the technology itself. These delays have caused problems in the acceptability and potential applications of biomedical advances and posed significant problems for the scientific community and the public alike - for example in the case of genetic screening and human cloning. The field of Neuroethics aims to proactively anticipate ethical, legal and social issues at the intersection of neuroscience and ethics, raising questions about what the brain tells us about ourselves, whether the information is what people want or ought to know, and how best to communicate it. A landmark in the academic literature, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics presents a pioneering review of a topic central to the sciences and humanities. It presents a range of chapters considering key issues, discussion, and debate at the intersection of brain and ethics. The handbook contains more than 50 chapters by leaders from around the world and a broad range of sectors of academia and clinical practice spanning the neurosciences, medical sciences and humanities and law. The book focuses on and provides a platform for dialogue of what neuroscience can do, what we might expect neuroscience will do, and what neuroscience ought to do. The major themes include: consciousness and intention; responsibility and determinism; mind and body; neurotechnology; ageing and dementia; law and public policy; and science, society and international perspectives. Tackling some of the most significant ethical issues that face us now and will continue to do so over the coming decades, The Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics will be an essential resource for the field of neuroethics for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, basic scientists in the neurosciences and psychology, scholars in humanities and law, as well as physicians practising in the areas of primary care in neurological medicine.

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Volume 1

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience  Volume 1
Author: Kevin Ochsner,Stephen M. Kosslyn
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2013-12
ISBN: 0199988692
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Volume 1 Book Excerpt:

A rich source of authoritative information that supports reading and study in the field of cognitive neuroscience, this two-volume handbook reviews the current state-of-the-science in all major areas of the field.

Cases of Amnesia

Cases of Amnesia
Author: Sarah E. MacPherson,Sergio Della Sala
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2019-01-22
ISBN: 0429659482
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cases of Amnesia Book Excerpt:

In all cognitive domains, neuropsychological research has advanced through the study of individual patients, and detailed observations and descriptions of their cases have been the backbone of medical and scientific reports for centuries. Cases of Amnesia describes some of the most important single case studies in the history of memory, as well as new case studies of amnesic patients. It highlights the major contribution they make to our understanding of human memory and neuropsychology. Written by world-leading researchers and considering the latest theory and techniques in the field, each case study provides a description of the patient's history, how their memory was assessed and what conclusions can be made in relation to cognitive models of memory. Edited by Sarah E. MacPherson and Sergio Della Sala, Cases of Amnesia is a must read for researchers and clinicians in neuropsychology, cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience.

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Kevin N Ochsner,Stephen M Kosslyn
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2013-11-13
ISBN: 0199700672
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Cognitive neuroscience has grown into a rich and complex discipline, some 35 years after the term was coined. Given the great expanse of the field, an inclusive and authoritative resource such as this handbook is needed for examining the current state-of-the-science in cognitive neuroscience. Spread across two volumes, the 59 chapters included in this handbook systemically survey all aspects of cognitive neuroscience, spanning perception, attention, memory, language, emotion, self and social cognition, higher cognitive functions, and clinical applications. Additional chapters cover topics ranging from the use of top-down cognitive processes in visual perception to the representation and recognition of objects and spatial relations; attention and its relationship to action as well as visual motor control; language and related core abilities including semantics, speech perception and production, the distinction between linguistic competence and performance, and the capacity for written language. Special coverage is also given to chapters describing the psychopharmacology of cognition, the theory of mind, the neuroscience underlying the regulation of emotion, and neuropsychological and neuroimaging evidence that supports the special status of self-knowledge in memory. This handbook provides a comprehensive compendium of research on cognitive neuroscience that will be widely accessible to students, researchers, and professionals working in this exciting and growing field.

The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics

The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics
Author: Shirley-Ann Rueschemeyer,M. Gareth Gaskell
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1088
Release: 2018-09-06
ISBN: 0191090425
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics Book Excerpt:

The ability to communicate quickly and flexibly through both spoken and written language is one of the defining characteristics of the human race. Yet it remains a mysterious process. The science of psycholinguistics attempts to uncover the mechanisms and representations underlying human language. This interdisciplinary field has seen massive developments over the last decades, with a broad expansion of the research base, and the incorporation of new experimental techniques such as brain imaging and computational modelling. The result is that real progress is being made in the understanding of the key components of language in the mind. This new and expanded edition of The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics brings together the views of over 80 experts in various domains of psycholinguistic research, offering a comprehensive and authoritative review of the field. With contributions from the fields of psychology, linguistics, cognitive neuroscience, attention, genetics, development, and neuropsychology divided into five themed sections, this new edition of The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics is unparalleled in its breadth of coverage. The comprehensive nature of this book coupled with the accessibility of the short chapter format makes this handbook essential reading for students and researchers in the fields of psychology, linguistics and neuroscience.

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition
Author: Roi Kadosh,Ann Dowker
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 1144
Release: 2015-07-30
ISBN: 0191036005
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition Book Excerpt:

How do we understand numbers? Do animals and babies have numerical abilities? Why do some people fail to grasp numbers, and how we can improve numerical understanding? Numbers are vital to so many areas of life: in science, economics, sports, education, and many aspects of everyday life from infancy onwards. Numerical cognition is a vibrant area that brings together scientists from different and diverse research areas (e.g., neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, comparative psychology, anthropology, education, and neuroscience) using different methodological approaches (e.g., behavioral studies of healthy children and adults and of patients; electrophysiology and brain imaging studies in humans; single-cell neurophysiology in non-human primates, habituation studies in human infants and animals, and computer modeling). While the study of numerical cognition had been relatively neglected for a long time, during the last decade there has been an explosion of studies and new findings. This has resulted in an enormous advance in our understanding of the neural and cognitive mechanisms of numerical cognition. In addition, there has recently been increasing interest and concern about pupils' mathematical achievement in many countries, resulting in attempts to use research to guide mathematics instruction in schools, and to develop interventions for children with mathematical difficulties. This handbook brings together the different research areas that make up the field of numerical cognition in one comprehensive and authoritative volume. The chapters provide a broad and extensive review that is written in an accessible form for scholars and students, as well as educationalists, clinicians, and policy makers. The book covers the most important aspects of research on numerical cognition from the areas of development psychology, cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and rehabilitation, learning disabilities, human and animal cognition and neuroscience, computational modeling, education and individual differences, and philosophy. Containing more than 60 chapters by leading specialists in their fields, the Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition is a state-of-the-art review of the current literature.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology
Author: Michael Ruse
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 642
Release: 2008-07-10
ISBN: 0195182057
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology contains exciting new essays written to introduce the reader to one of the most vibrant areas of scholarship today. The handbook covers the history of the topic, moves through evolutionary theory, continues with discussions of molecular biology and ecology, and covers biology and ethics as well as biology and religion. There is no better way of learning about this dynamic subject than through the essays in this volume.

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition
Author: Roi Kadosh,Ann Dowker
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1144
Release: 2015-07-30
ISBN: 0191036013
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition Book Excerpt:

How do we understand numbers? Do animals and babies have numerical abilities? Why do some people fail to grasp numbers, and how we can improve numerical understanding? Numbers are vital to so many areas of life: in science, economics, sports, education, and many aspects of everyday life from infancy onwards. Numerical cognition is a vibrant area that brings together scientists from different and diverse research areas (e.g., neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, comparative psychology, anthropology, education, and neuroscience) using different methodological approaches (e.g., behavioral studies of healthy children and adults and of patients; electrophysiology and brain imaging studies in humans; single-cell neurophysiology in non-human primates, habituation studies in human infants and animals, and computer modeling). While the study of numerical cognition had been relatively neglected for a long time, during the last decade there has been an explosion of studies and new findings. This has resulted in an enormous advance in our understanding of the neural and cognitive mechanisms of numerical cognition. In addition, there has recently been increasing interest and concern about pupils' mathematical achievement in many countries, resulting in attempts to use research to guide mathematics instruction in schools, and to develop interventions for children with mathematical difficulties. This handbook brings together the different research areas that make up the field of numerical cognition in one comprehensive and authoritative volume. The chapters provide a broad and extensive review that is written in an accessible form for scholars and students, as well as educationalists, clinicians, and policy makers. The book covers the most important aspects of research on numerical cognition from the areas of development psychology, cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and rehabilitation, learning disabilities, human and animal cognition and neuroscience, computational modeling, education and individual differences, and philosophy. Containing more than 60 chapters by leading specialists in their fields, the Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition is a state-of-the-art review of the current literature.

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Volume 2

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience  Volume 2
Author: Stephen M. Kosslyn
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2013-12
ISBN: 0199988706
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Volume 2 Book Excerpt:

A rich source of authoritative information that supports reading and study in the field of cognitive neuroscience, this two-volume handbook reviews the current state-of-the-science in all major areas of the field.

The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience
Author: Jean Decety,John T. Cacioppo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 1099
Release: 2011
ISBN: 019534216X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

The complexities of the brain and nervous system make neuroscience an inherently interdisciplinary pursuit, one that comprises disparate basic, clinical, and applied disciplines. Behavioral neuroscientists approach the brain and nervous system as instruments of sensation and response; cognitive neuroscientists view the same systems as a solitary computer with a focus on representations and processes. The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience marks the emergence of a third broad perspective in this field. Social neuroscience emphasizes the functions that emerge through the coaction and interaction of conspecifics, the neural mechanisms that underlie these functions, and the commonality and differences across social species and superorganismal structures. With an emphasis on the neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms underlying social behavior, social neuroscience places emphasis on the associations and influences between social and biological levels of organization. This complex interdisciplinary perspective demands theoretical, methodological, statistical, and inferential rigor to effectively integrate basic, clinical, and applied perspectives on the nervous system and brain. Reflecting the diverse perspectives that make up this field, The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience brings together perspectives from across the sciences in one authoritative volume.

The Oxford Handbook of Metamemory

The Oxford Handbook of Metamemory
Author: John Dunlosky,Sarah Tauber
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2016-04-12
ISBN: 019933675X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Metamemory Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of Metamemory investigates the human ability to evaluate and control learning and information retrieval processes. Each chapter in this authoritative guide highlights a different facet of metamemory research, including classical metamemory judgments; applications of metamemory research to the classroom and courtroom; and cutting-edge perspectives on continuing debates and theory. Chapters also provide broad historical overviews of each research area and discussions of promising directions for future research. The breadth and depth of coverage on offer in this Handbook make it ideal for seminars on metamemory or metacognition. It would also be a valuable supplement for advanced courses on cognitive psychology, of use especially to graduate students and more seasoned researchers who are interested in exploring metamemory for the first time.

The Oxford Handbook of Language Production

The Oxford Handbook of Language Production
Author: Matthew Goldrick,Victor Ferreira,Michele Miozzo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2014-04-11
ISBN: 0199393516
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Language Production Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of Language Production provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary review of the complex mechanisms involved in language production. It describes what we know of the computational, linguistic, cognitive, and brain bases of human language production - from how we conceive the messages we aim to convey, to how we retrieve the right (and sometimes wrong) words, how we form grammatical sentences, and how we assemble and articulate individual sounds, letters, and gestures. Contributions from leading psycholinguists, linguists, and neuroscientists offer readers a broad perspective on the latest research, highlighting key investigations into core aspects of human language processing. The Handbook is organized into three sections: speaking, written and sign languages, and how language production interfaces with the wider cognitive system, including control processes, memory, non-linguistic gestures, and the perceptual system. These chapters discuss a wide array of levels of representation, from sentences to individual words, speech sounds and articulatory gestures, extending to discourse and the broader social context of speaking. Detailed supporting chapters provide an overview of key issues in linguistic structure at each level of representation. Authoritative yet concisely written, the volume will be of interest to scholars and students working in cognitive psychology, psycholinguistics, cognitive neuroscience, computer science, audiology, and education, and related fields.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience
Author: John Bickle
Publsiher: OUP USA
Total Pages: 635
Release: 2009-07-27
ISBN: 0195304780
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

This title is a collection of interdisciplinary research from contributors including both philosophers and neuroscientists. Topics covered include the neurobiology of learning and memory perception and sensation, neurocomputational modelling neuroanatomy, neuroethics, and neurology and clinical neuropsychology

Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging

Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging
Author: Center for Cognitive Neuroscience Roberto Cabeza,Roberto Cabeza,Lars Nyberg,Denise C. Park
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2016-11-25
ISBN: 0199372934
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging Book Excerpt:

This second edition of the popular Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging provides up-to-date coverage of the most fundamental topics in this discipline. Like the first edition, this volume accessibly and comprehensively reviews the neural mechanisms of cognitive aging appropriate to both professionals and students in a variety of domains, including psychology, neuroscience, neuropsychology, neurology, and psychiatry. The chapters are organized into three sections. The first section focuses on major questions regarding methodological approaches and experimental design. It includes chapters on structural imaging (MRI, DTI), functional imaging (fMRI), and molecular imaging (dopamine PET, etc), and covers multimodal imaging, longitudinal studies, and the interpretation of imaging findings. The second section concentrates on specific cognitive abilities, including attention and inhibitory control, executive functions, memory, and emotion. The third section turns to domains with health and clinical implications, such as the emergence of cognitive deficits in middle age, the role of genetics, the effects of modulatory variables (hypertension, exercise, cognitive engagement), and the distinction between healthy aging and the effects of dementia and depression. Taken together, the chapters in this volume, written by many of the most eminent scientists as well as young stars in this discipline, provide a unified and comprehensive overview of cognitive neuroscience of aging.

The Oxford Handbook of Attention

The Oxford Handbook of Attention
Author: Kia Nobre,Sabine Kastner
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1242
Release: 2014
ISBN: 0199675112
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Attention Book Excerpt:

During the last three decades, there have been enormous advances in our understanding of the neural mechanisms of selective attention at the network as well as the cellular level. The Oxford Handbook of Attention brings together the different research areas that constitute contemporary attention research into one comprehensive and authoritative volume. In 40 chapters, it covers the most important aspects of attention research from the areas of cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, human and animal neuroscience, computational modelling, and philosophy. The book is divided into 4 main sections. Following an introduction from Michael Posner, the books starts by looking at theoretical models of attention. The next two sections are dedicated to spatial attention and non-spatial attention respectively. Within section 4, the authors consider the interactions between attention and other psychological domains. The last two sections focus on attention-related disorders, and finally, on computational models of attention. Aimed at both scholars and students, the Oxford Handbook of Attention provides a concise and state-of-the-art review of the current literature in this field.

The Neurocognition of Language

The Neurocognition of Language
Author: Colin M. Brown,Peter Hagoort
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 409
Release: 2000
ISBN: 0198507933
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neurocognition of Language Book Excerpt:

'... an important and captivating book, one that has been long awaited by all researchers interested in language and the brain.' Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 1999.The Neurocognition of Language brings together experts on human language and the brain to present the first critical overview of the cognitive neuroscience of language, one of the fastest-moving and most exciting areas today. In-depth discussion of the representations and structures of language, aswell as of the cognitive architectures which underlie speaking, listening, and reading, will provide a basis for future brain imaging research. In addition, the existing brain imaging literature on word and sentence processing is critically reviewed, as well as contributions from brain lesion data.Finally, the book discusses the prospects and problems of brain imaging techniques for the study of language, presents some of the most recent and promising analytic procedures for relating brain imaging data to the higher cognitive functions, and contains a review of the neuroanatomical structureof Broca's language area. Uniquely interdisciplinary, this book will provide researchers and students in cognitive neuroscience with state-of-the-art reviews of the major language functions, while being of equal interest to researchers in linguistics and language who want to learn about the neuralbases of language. It will be an essential purchase for anyone requiring an overview of our current understanding of the relation between language and the brain.

Oxford Handbook of Face Perception

Oxford Handbook of Face Perception
Author: Andy Calder,Gillian Rhodes,Mark Johnson,Jim Haxby
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 944
Release: 2011-07-28
ISBN: 0191620904
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Handbook of Face Perception Book Excerpt:

The human face is unique among social stimuli in conveying such a variety of different characteristics. A person's identity, sex, race, age, emotional state, focus of attention, facial speech patterns, and attractiveness are all detected and interpreted with relative ease from the face. Humans also display a surprising degree of consistency in the extent to which personality traits, such as trustworthiness and likeability, are attributed to faces. In the past thirty years, face perception has become an area of major interest within psychology, with a rapidly expanding research base. Yet until now, there has been no comprehensive reference work bringing together this ever growing body of research. The Oxford Handbook of Face Perception is the most comprehensive and commanding review of the field ever published. It looks at the functional and neural mechanisms underlying the perception, representation, and interpretation of facial characteristics, such as identity, expression, eye gaze, attractiveness, personality, and race. It examines the development of these processes, their neural correlates in both human and non-human primates, congenital and acquired disorders resulting from their breakdown, and the theoretical and computational frameworks for their underlying mechanisms. With chapters by an international team of leading authorities from the brain sciences, the book is a landmark publication on face perception. For anyone looking for the definitive text on this burgeoning field, this is the essential book.

Cognitive Neurology

Cognitive Neurology
Author: S. F. Cappa
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2008
ISBN: 9780198569275
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neurology Book Excerpt:

The study of patients affected by disorders of the central nervous system is one of the crucial research methods for investigating the organization of cognitive functions in the brain. However, many clinicians remain unaware of the significant advances that have taken place in the field of cognitive neuroscience in the last decades. This book provides an introduction to the cognitive and behavioural aspects of the clinical practice of neurology. Cognitive Neurology will be essential for neurologists in training, who want to understand how the observations they make everyday in the clinic relate to the expanding knowledge about the organization of cognition and emotion in the human brain. It will also be of interest to psychologists,speech and language clinicians and rehabilitation specialists.