The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government
Author: Donald P. Haider-Markel
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2014-04
ISBN: 0199579679
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behaviour, and policy in the American context.

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government Finance

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government Finance
Author: Robert D. Ebel,John E. Petersen
Publsiher: OUP USA
Total Pages: 1032
Release: 2012-03-21
ISBN: 9780199765362
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government Finance Book Excerpt:

This handbook evaluates the persistent problems in the fiscal systems of state and local governments and what can be done to solve them. Each chapter provides a description of the discipline area, examines major developments in policy practices and research, and opines on future prospects.

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government
Author: Donald P. Haider-Markel
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 976
Release: 2014-04-03
ISBN: 0191611956
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government is an historic undertaking. It contains a wide range of essays that define the important questions in the field, evaluate where we are in answering them, and set the direction and terms of discourse for future work. The Handbook will have a substantial influence in defining the field for years to come. The chapters critically assess both the key works of state and local politics literature and the ways in which the sub-field has developed. It covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behavior, and policy in the American context. Each chapter outlines an agenda for future research.

The Oxford Handbook of New York State Government and Politics

The Oxford Handbook of New York State Government and Politics
Author: Gerald Benjamin
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1020
Release: 2012-09-20
ISBN: 0195387236
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of New York State Government and Politics Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of New York State Government and Politics brings together top scholars and former and current state officials to explain how and why the state is governed the way that it is. The book's thirty-one chapters assemble new scholarship in key areas of governance in New York, document the state's record in comparison to other U.S. states, and identify directions for future research.

Sustaining the States

Sustaining the States
Author: Marilyn Marks Rubin,Katherine G. Willoughby
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2014-08-26
ISBN: 1466555416
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustaining the States Book Excerpt:

State fiscal decisions have a significant impact on the US economy. Taken together, subnational governments employ more than one out of every eight workers and provide the bulk of all basic governmental services consumed by individuals and businesses. Sustaining the States: The Fiscal Viability of American State Governments will give you a basic understanding of trends in, current status of, and future prospects for the fiscal sustainability of state governments. After reading this book, you should have a great appreciation for the reach and multiple contributions of state governments to individuals and communities across the nation. The book examines the broad range and depth of state revenues, responsibilities, and activities. It begins with an assessment of executive budgeting in the states, then presents the experiences of states with strong executive-driven systems and the various rules and institutions that impact state government budget discipline. The book goes on to examine state revenue sources, debt, pensions, and spending, honing in on vital state functions including education, transportation, health services and public safety. It concludes with an assessment of the challenges that will test the fiscal vibrancy of US state governments going forward: vulnerability to future economic downturns, growing dependence on an increasingly austere federal government, the obsolescence of state tax systems and an ever more coercive system of federalism. Edited by experts, with a hand-picked panel of contributors, the book delineates the resources that states generate and use to conduct the business of government. The chapters outline the very real and significant constraints on the ability of the states to fulfill their responsibilities and introduce several challenges that state governments face and are actively addressing as they strive for fiscal sustainability. These features provide a clear, realistic understanding of state operations and financing in the United States, today. The book should also leave you with a sense of optimism for the capacity of state governments to advance forward.

The Oxford Handbook of U S Environmental Policy

The Oxford Handbook of U S  Environmental Policy
Author: Sheldon Kamieniecki,Michael Kraft
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 764
Release: 2013
ISBN: 019974467X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of U S Environmental Policy Book Excerpt:

Prior to the Nixon administration, environmental policy in the United States was rudimentary at best. Since then, it has evolved into one of the primary concerns of governmental policy from the federal to the local level. As scientific expertise on the environment rapidly developed, Americans became more aware of the growing environmental crisis that surrounded them. Practical solutions for mitigating various aspects of the crisis - air pollution, water pollution, chemical waste dumping, strip mining, and later global warming - became politically popular, and the government responded by gradually erecting a vast regulatory apparatus to address the issue. Today, politicians regard environmental policy as one of the most pressing issues they face. The Obama administration has identified the renewable energy sector as a key driver of economic growth, and Congress is in the process of passing a bill to reduce global warming that will be one of the most important environmental policy acts in decades. The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Environmental Policy will be a state-of-the-art work on all aspects of environmental policy in America. Over the past half century, America has been the world's leading emitter of global warming gases. However, environmental policy is not simply a national issue. It is a global issue, and the explosive growth of Asian countries like China and India mean that policy will have to be coordinated at the international level. The book will therefore focus not only on the U.S., but on the increasing importance of global policies and issues on American regulatory efforts. This is a topic that will only grow in importance in the coming years, and this will serve as an authoritative guide to any scholar interested in the issue.

State and Local Public Finance

State and Local Public Finance
Author: Ronald C. Fisher
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 742
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN: 1317513843
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

State and Local Public Finance Book Excerpt:

Now in its 4th edition, State and Local Public Finance provides a comprehensive and sophisticated analysis of state and local government public finance practices and issues, using the basic tools of economics. For this new edition, there is a focus on the most important services provided in the state-local sector: education, health and welfare, public safety, and transportation. This textbook provides an examination and analysis of public finance practices and problems in a federal fiscal system, focusing on the fiscal behaviour and policies of state and local governments. The author presents detailed descriptions of significant institutions. Modern economic theory is applied to examine the way these institutions are used to produce and finance services, and to provide evaluation of alternative policies. Although the emphasis is on U.S. institutions and issues, much of the economic analysis can be applied to any federal system or to fiscal decentralization. This fully revised new edition sees updates throughout to data, topics, and applications. The Headlines and Applications sections reflect the most current policy issues affecting state and local governments. These include the effects of the Great Recession on state and local governments, changes in the tax treatment of internet purchases, the Affordable Care Act and implications for Medicaid spending by state governments, demographic changes and the implications for state-local finances, the implications of changes in automobile technology for transportation financing, and the potential for increased gambling activity. This text will continue to be invaluable reading for those who study public finance, local government finance, urban economics and public policy and public administration.

Government Budgeting

Government Budgeting
Author: George M. Guess
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2015-06-01
ISBN: 1438456670
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Government Budgeting Book Excerpt:

Practitioner-oriented sampling of the major tools used to deal with current public-sector fiscal issues. Directed at state and local financial managers, Government Budgeting presents, in a short and succinct manner, a sampling of the major tools used to deal with current fiscal problems. George M. Guess provides examples from a number of states and localities and explains how to use them in diverse situations. At the end of each chapter, cases, exercises and/or questions are provided for further study. The chapters cover the major topics needed by today’s practitioners: core concepts and definitions of budgeting and financial management; how to analyze the revenue budget and evaluate revenue sources; how one might plan expenditures and prepare an annual request; how capital projects should (and should not) be planned, analyzed, compared, placed into a capital improvements program, and financed; and the critical topic of budget implementation. Without claiming that practical tools can resolve every problem, the book suggests that if all stakeholders used such analytic tools the outcomes might be better for the general welfare.

The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Politics

The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Politics
Author: Robert Pekkanen,Saadia M Pekkanen
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9780190051013
Category: Japan
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Politics Book Excerpt:

"Book Abstract and Keywords: The study of Japanese politics has flourished over the past several decades. This Handbook provides a state-of-the-field overview for students and researchers of Japanese. The volume also serves to introduce Japanese politics to readers less familiar with Japan. In addition, the volume has a theme of "evaluating Japan's democracy." Taken as a whole, the volume provides a positive evaluation of the state of Japan's democracy. The volume is divided into two parts, roughly corresponding to domestic Japanese politics and Japan's international politics. Within the domestic politics part, there are four distinct sections: "Domestic Political Actors and Institutions," covering the Japanese Constitution, electoral systems, prime minister, Diet, bureaucracy, judiciary, and local government; "Political Parties and Coalitions," covering the Liberal Democratic Party, coalition government, Kōmeitō, and the political opposition; "Policymaking and the Public," covering the policymaking process, public opinion, civil society, and populism; and, "Political Economy and Social Policy," covering industrial, energy, social welfare, agricultural, monetary, and immigration policies, as well as social inequality. In the international relations part, there are four sections: "International Relations Frameworks," covering grand strategy, international organizations, and international status; "International Political Economy," covering trade, finance, foreign direct investment, the environment, economic regionalism, and the linkage between security and economics; "International Security," covering remilitarization, global and regional security multilateralism, nuclear nonproliferation, naval power, space security, and cybersecurity; and, "Foreign Relations" covering Japan's relations with the United States, China, South Korea, ASEAN, India, the European Union, and Russia. Keywords: international relations, comparative politics, democracy, international order, alliances, space security, elections, Liberal Democratic Party, multilateralism, remilitarization, international organizations, populism, civil society, coalitions, political parties, trade, finance monetary policy, foreign direct investment, cybersecurity"--

The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Economy

The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Economy
Author: Chetan Ghate
Publsiher: OUP USA
Total Pages: 958
Release: 2012-03-13
ISBN: 0199734585
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Economy Book Excerpt:

India's remarkable economic growth in recent years has made it one of the fastest growing economies in the world. This Oxford Handbook reflects India's growing economic importance on the world stage, and features research on core topics by leading scholars to understand the Indian economic miracle and the obstacles India faces in transforming itself into a modern 21st-century economy.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics

The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics
Author: Anna C. Mastroianni,Jeffrey P. Kahn,Nancy E. Kass
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 944
Release: 2019-08-19
ISBN: 0190245190
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics Book Excerpt:

Natural disasters and cholera outbreaks. Ebola, SARS, and concerns over pandemic flu. HIV and AIDS. E. coli outbreaks from contaminated produce and fast foods. Threats of bioterrorism. Contamination of compounded drugs. Vaccination refusals and outbreaks of preventable diseases. These are just some of the headlines from the last 30-plus years highlighting the essential roles and responsibilities of public health, all of which come with ethical issues and the responsibilities they create. Public health has achieved extraordinary successes. And yet these successes also bring with them ethical tension. Not all public health successes are equally distributed in the population; extraordinary health disparities between rich and poor still exist. The most successful public health programs sometimes rely on policies that, while improving public health conditions, also limit individual rights. Public health practitioners and policymakers face these and other questions of ethics routinely in their work, and they must navigate their sometimes competing responsibilities to the health of the public with other important societal values such as privacy, autonomy, and prevailing cultural norms. This Oxford Handbook provides a sweeping and comprehensive review of the current state of public health ethics, addressing these and numerous other questions. Taking account of the wide range of topics under the umbrella of public health and the ethical issues raised by them, this volume is organized into fifteen sections. It begins with two sections that discuss the conceptual foundations, ethical tensions, and ethical frameworks of and for public health and how public health does its work. The thirteen sections that follow examine the application of public health ethics considerations and approaches across a broad range of public health topics. While chapters are organized into topical sections, each chapter is designed to serve as a standalone contribution. The book includes 73 chapters covering many topics from varying perspectives, a recognition of the diversity of the issues that define public health ethics in the U.S. and globally. This Handbook is an authoritative and indispensable guide to the state of public health ethics today.

The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution

The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution
Author: Sujit Choudhry,Madhav Khosla,Pratap Bhanu Mehta
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1050
Release: 2016-05-12
ISBN: 0191058610
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution Book Excerpt:

The Indian Constitution is one of the world's longest and most important political texts. Its birth, over six decades ago, signalled the arrival of the first major post-colonial constitution and the world's largest and arguably most daring democratic experiment. Apart from greater domestic focus on the Constitution and the institutional role of the Supreme Court within India's democratic framework, recent years have also witnessed enormous comparative interest in India's constitutional experiment. The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution is a wide-ranging, analytical reflection on the major themes and debates that surround India's Constitution. The Handbook provides a comprehensive account of the developments and doctrinal features of India's Constitution, as well as articulating frameworks and methodological approaches through which studies of Indian constitutionalism, and constitutionalism more generally, might proceed. Its contributions range from rigorous, legal studies of provisions within the text to reflections upon historical trends and social practices. As such the Handbook is an essential reference point not merely for Indian and comparative constitutional scholars, but for students of Indian democracy more generally.

The Oxford Handbook of Urban Politics

The Oxford Handbook of Urban Politics
Author: Karen Mossberger,Susan E. Clarke,Peter John
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2015-03-13
ISBN: 0199385556
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Urban Politics Book Excerpt:

This text is an authoritative volume on an established subject in political science and the academy more generally: urban politics and urban studies. It covers the major themes that animate the subfield: the politics of space and place; power and governance; urban policy; urban social organization; and much more.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern British Political History 1800 2000

The Oxford Handbook of Modern British Political History  1800 2000
Author: David Brown,Robert Crowcroft,Gordon Pentland
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2018-03-29
ISBN: 0191024260
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Modern British Political History 1800 2000 Book Excerpt:

The two centuries after 1800 witnessed a series of sweeping changes in the way in which Britain was governed, the duties of the state, and its role in the wider world. Powerful processes - from the development of democracy, the changing nature of the social contract, war, and economic dislocation - have challenged, and at times threatened to overwhelm, both governors and governed. Such shifts have also presented challenges to the historians who have researched and written about Britain's past politics. This Handbook shows the ways in which political historians have responded to these challenges, providing a snapshot of a field which has long been at the forefront of conceptual and methodological innovation within historical studies. It comprises thirty-three thematic essays by leading and emerging scholars in the field. Collectively, these essays assess and rethink the nature of modern British political history itself and suggest avenues and questions for future research. The Oxford Handbook of Modern British Political History thus provides a unique resource for those who wish to understand Britain's political past and a thought-provoking 'long view' for those interested in current political challenges.

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Environmental Law

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Environmental Law
Author: Emma Lees,Jorge E. Viñuales
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1092
Release: 2019-04-25
ISBN: 0192508385
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Environmental Law Book Excerpt:

This Handbook is the first comprehensive account of comparative environmental law. It examines in detail the methodological foundations of the discipline as well as the substance of environmental law across countries from four vantage points: country studies from all continents, responses to common problems (including air pollution, water management, nature conservation, genetically modified organisms, climate change and energy, chemicals, waste), foundational components of environmental law systems (including principles, property rights, administrative and judicial organisation, command-and-control regulation, market mechanisms, informational techniques and liability mechanisms), and common interactions of environmental protection with the broader public, private, and criminal law contexts. The volume brings together the foremost authorities in this field from around the world to provide a concise, self-contained, and technically rigorous account of environmental law as a single overall system.

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law
Author: Michel Rosenfeld,András Sajó
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 1416
Release: 2012-05-17
ISBN: 0191640174
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law Book Excerpt:

The field of comparative constitutional law has grown immensely over the past couple of decades. Once a minor and obscure adjunct to the field of domestic constitutional law, comparative constitutional law has now moved front and centre. Driven by the global spread of democratic government and the expansion of international human rights law, the prominence and visibility of the field, among judges, politicians, and scholars has grown exponentially. Even in the United States, where domestic constitutional exclusivism has traditionally held a firm grip, use of comparative constitutional materials has become the subject of a lively and much publicized controversy among various justices of the U.S. Supreme Court. The trend towards harmonization and international borrowing has been controversial. Whereas it seems fair to assume that there ought to be great convergence among industrialized democracies over the uses and functions of commercial contracts, that seems far from the case in constitutional law. Can a parliamentary democracy be compared to a presidential one? A federal republic to a unitary one? Moreover, what about differences in ideology or national identity? Can constitutional rights deployed in a libertarian context be profitably compared to those at work in a social welfare context? Is it perilous to compare minority rights in a multi-ethnic state to those in its ethnically homogeneous counterparts? These controversies form the background to the field of comparative constitutional law, challenging not only legal scholars, but also those in other fields, such as philosophy and political theory. Providing the first single-volume, comprehensive reference resource, the 'Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law' will be an essential road map to the field for all those working within it, or encountering it for the first time. Leading experts in the field examine the history and methodology of the discipline, the central concepts of constitutional law, constitutional processes, and institutions - from legislative reform to judicial interpretation, rights, and emerging trends.

The Oxford Handbook of Danish Politics

The Oxford Handbook of Danish Politics
Author: Peter Munk Christiansen,Jørgen Elklit,Peter Nedergaard
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 752
Release: 2020-06
ISBN: 0198833598
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Danish Politics Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of Danish Politics provides the most comprehensive and thorough English language book on Danish politics ever written. It features chapters by 50 leading experts who have contributed extensively to the field they write about. Why is Denmark an interesting topic for a Handbook? In some respects, Danish political institutions and political life are very similar to that of other small, North European countries such as the other Scandinavian countries and Netherland. However, in other respects, Danish politics is interesting in its own right. For instance, Denmark has a world record in minority governments. According to standard scholarly knowledge, this should result in unstable governments and a bad economy. This is not the case, however, since Denmark has a rather stable political system and a strong and robust economy among the strongest in Europe. How? The Danes have continued reservations towards the EU despite close to 50 years of EC/EU membership, and the Danes rejected the Maastricht Treaty in 1992. Still, the EU issue is handled in ways that do not call for large political battles. How? A third example is that Denmark used to be known as a tolerant and liberal society; its Jews were almost all saved during German occupation during WWII, Denmark was the first country to free pornography, and the first country to formally register same-sex couples. Yet recent Danish politics has also been associated with xenophobia and anti-Muslim sentiments. Why?

Urban Politics

Urban Politics
Author: Myron Levine
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2015-02-20
ISBN: 1317516796
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Politics Book Excerpt:

This popular text mixes classic theory and research on urban politics with the most recent developments and data in urban and metropolitan affairs. Its balanced and realistic approach helps students understand the nature of urban politics and the difficulty of finding effective "solutions" in a suburban and global age. The ninth edition has been thoroughly rewritten and updated with a continued focus on economic development and race, plus renewed attention to globalization, gentrification, and changing demographics. Boxed case studies of prominent recent and current urban development efforts provide material for class discussion, and concluding material demonstrates the tradeoff between more "ideal" and more "pragmatic" urban politics. Key changes in this edition include: Every chapter has been thoroughly updated and rewritten. The Ninth Edition reflects the most current census data and the newest trends in such areas as the "new immigration," suburbanization, gentrification, and big-city revivals; There is coverage of the big-city pension crisis and politics in Stockton, Detroit, and other cities facing possible bankruptcy; A brand-new opening chapter introduces the concepts of the Global City, the Entertainment City, and the Bankrupt City; New photos and boxes appear throughout the book; Increased coverage of policies for sustainable urban development.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Greek Politics

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Greek Politics
Author: Kevin Featherstone,Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2020-10-09
ISBN: 0192558722
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Greek Politics Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Greek Politics is a major new contribution to the study of contemporary European and Greek politics. This edited volume contains 43 chapters written by Greek and foreign academics foremost in their field. After an introductory section, offering a frame of analysis, the volume includes sections on political institutions, traditions and party families, political and social interest groups, policy-making and policy sectors, external relations, and Greece's most important political leaders of the period between the 1974 transition to democracy and today. It will be an invaluable reference for scholars, new and established, as well as for the informed reader around the world. This work offers the most comprehensive approach to the subject to this day. Drawing on data and analysis previously available only in national sources (Greek books, articles, and other primary and secondary sources), in combination with international data, it allows international scholars of politics, international relations, society, and economy to integrate the case of Greece in their own projects; and facilitates the search of any informed reader who seeks a reliable, updated source on Modern Greece.

The Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics

The Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics
Author: Jon Pierre
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 707
Release: 2016
ISBN: 0199665672
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics Book Excerpt:

Series titles from the publisher's website.