The British Patent System During The Industrial Revolution 1700 1852

Author by : Sean Bottomley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Total Read : 75
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Description : The British Patent System during the Industrial Revolution 1700–1852 presents a fundamental reassessment of the contribution of patenting to British industrialisation during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It shows that despite the absence of legislative reform, the British patent system was continually evolving and responding to the needs of an industrialising economy. Inventors were able to obtain and enforce patent rights with relative ease. This placed Britain in an exceptional position. Until other countries began to enact patent laws in the 1790s, it was the only country where inventors were frequently able to appropriate returns from obtaining intellectual property rights, thus encouraging them to develop the new technology industrialisation required.


A Confucian Analysis On The Evolution Of Chinese Patent Law System

Author by : Nan Zhang
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 248
File Size : 54,8 Mb
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Description : This book comprehensively discusses the main features of the Chinese patent law system, which not only legally ‘transplants’ international treaties into the Chinese context, but also maintains China’s legal culture and promotes domestic economic growth. This is the basis for encouraging creativity and improving patent law protection in China. The book approaches the evolution of the Chinese patent system through the ancient Chinese philosopher Confucius’s classic principle, offering readers a fresh new way to understand and analyze Chinese patent law reforms, while also outlining how Confucian insights could be used to improve the enforcement of patent law and overall intellectual property protection awareness in China. It examines ancient Chinese innovation history, explores intellectual property from a Confucian perspective, and discusses the roots of Chinese patent law, as well as the past three amendments and the trends in the ongoing fourth amendment. In addition to helping readers grasp the mentality behind the Chinese approach to patent law and patent protection, the book provides an alternative research methodology and philosophical approach by demonstrating Confucian analysis, which provides a more dynamic way to justify intellectual property in the academic world. Lastly, it suggests future strategies for local industries in the legal, cultural and sociological sectors in China, which provide benefits for domestic and overseas patent holders alike. The book offers a valuable asset for graduate students and researchers on China and intellectual property law, as well as general readers interested in Asian culture and the philosophy of law.


Law And Society In England 1750 1950

Author by : William Cornish
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
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Total Read : 61
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Description : Law and Society in England 1750–1950 is an indispensable text for those wishing to study English legal history and to understand the foundations of the modern British state. In this new updated edition the authors explore the complex relationship between legal and social change. They consider the ways in which those in power themselves imagined and initiated reform and the ways in which they were obliged to respond to demands for change from outside the legal and political classes. What emerges is a lively and critical account of the evolution of modern rights and expectations, and an engaging study of the formation of contemporary social, administrative and legal institutions and ideas, and the road that was travelled to create them. The book is divided into eight chapters: Institutions and Ideas; Land; Commerce and Industry; Labour Relations; The Family; Poverty and Education; Accidents; and Crime. This extensively referenced analysis of modern social and legal history will be invaluable to students and teachers of English law, political science, and social history.


The Rate And Direction Of Inventive Activity Revisited

Author by : Josh Lerner
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
Total Download : 917
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Description : This volume offers contributions to questions relating to the economics of innovation and technological change. Central to the development of new technologies are institutional environments and among the topics discussed are the roles played by universities and the ways in which the allocation of funds affects innovation.


A Human Rights Framework For Intellectual Property Innovation And Access To Medicines

Author by : Joo-Young Lee
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 283
File Size : 50,8 Mb
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Description : This book examines the relationship between intellectual property in pharmaceuticals and access to medicines from a human rights perspective, with a view to contributing to the development of a human rights framework that can guide States in enacting and implementing intellectual property law and policy. The study primarily explores whether conflicts between patents and human rights in the context of access to medicines are inevitable, or whether patents can be made to serve human rights. What could be a normative framework that human rights might provide for patents and innovation? Joo-Young Lee argues that it is necessary to have a deepened understanding of each of the two sets of norms that govern this issue, that is, patent law and international human rights law. The chapters investigate the relevant dimensions of patent law, and analyse particular human rights bearing upon the issue of intellectual property and access to medicines. This study will be of great interest to academic specialists, practitioners or professionals in the fields of human rights, trade, and intellectual property, as well as policy makers, activists, and health professionals across the world working in intellectual property and human rights.


Privatised Law Reform A History Of Patent Law Through Private Legislation 1620 1907

Author by : Phillip Johnson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 252
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Description : In the history of British patent law, the role of Parliament is often side-lined. This is largely due to the raft of failed or timid attempts at patent law reform. Yet there was another way of seeking change. By the end of the nineteenth century, private legislation had become a mechanism or testing ground for more general law reforms. The evolution of the law had essentially been privatised and was handled in the committee rooms in Westminster. This is known in relation to many great industrial movements such as the creating of railways, canals and roads, or political movements such as the powers and duties of local authorities, but it has thus far been largely ignored in the development of patent law. This book addresses this shortfall and examines how private legislation played an important role in the birth of modern patent law.


Invention And The Rise Of Technocapitalism

Author by : Luis Suarez-Villa
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 701
File Size : 49,9 Mb
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Description : Technocapitalism, an emerging form of market capitalism, is rooted in invention and the development of new technologies. In this study of technocapitalism, author Luis Suarez-Villa explores the infrastructure that supports invention as well as the relationship of technocapitalism with science, corporate business, and government. The emergence of the new order is examined in the light of the historic evolution of capitalism.


Understanding The Industrial Revolution

Author by : Dr Charles More
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 921
File Size : 50,6 Mb
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Description : Understanding the Industrial Revolution is a fresh, new exploration of this economic phenomenon of major importance. It describes theories of economic growth, shows how these can be applied to the revolution and discusses them in the light of modern research. Furthermore, it places the debate surrounding the social effects of industrialisation into the context of economic change during the period. This book includes discussion of: * theories on the supply of capital * role of labour * innovation and entrepreneurship * the significance of transport * the impact of industrialisation on living standards. Each aspect of the Industrial Revolution in Britain is discussed in depth, focusing on the important debates and reviewing the most recent research.


The Law Of Patents

Author by : Craig Allen Nard
Languange : en
Publisher by : Aspen Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 194
File Size : 48,8 Mb
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Description : This comprehensive and up-to-date casebook on the law of patents features helpful introductory text, technologically-accessible cases, detailed comments, comparative, policy, and patent reform perspectives. The new Fifth Edition offers up-to-date Federal Circuit and Supreme Court case law, including Helsinn, Impression Products, Halo, and Promega, as well as detailed comments following the principal cases. This edition also features enhanced policy and comparative perspectives, as well as additional materials on patent reform perspectives (e.g. America Invents Act). New to the 5th Edition: Up-to-date federal circuit and Supreme Court case law, including Helsinn, Impression Products, and Halo Detailed substantive comments following the principal cases More statistics and charts, particularly relating to USPTO decision making and PTAB inter partes review Enhanced Policy and Comparative Perspectives Enhanced Patent Reform Perspectives (e.g. America Invents Act) Patent statute (both pre- and post-AIA) included in the back of the book Greater citation and discussion of patent law academic and empirical literature New and updated PowerPoint slides and companion website Professors and students will benefit from: Richness in doctrine, policy, and theory Concise, but thorough coverage Logical and accessible sequencing of chapters Helpful introductions to each chapter, transitional text within sections, and introductions and background information for most cases Detailed comments sections follow the cases, delving into the doctrine and policy, and comparative perspectives Perspectives throughout that provide stimulating points for discussion


Inventions That Didn T Change The World

Author by : Julie Halls
Languange : en
Publisher by : Thames & Hudson
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 825
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Description : These genuine, bizarre domestic and professional designs, registered in the nineteenth century for the most unlikely innovations, have been boxed away - until now - deep in the vaults of The National Archives. Meticulous illustrations and descriptions accompany the weirdest of claims for making daily life in a newly industrialized world that little bit easier.


The Development Agenda

Author by : Neil Netanel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 435
File Size : 41,6 Mb
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Description : The Development Agenda is the result of the recent campaign to ensure that the intellectual property treaty regime permits -- and, indeed, empowers -- developing countries to tailor their intellectual property laws as they deem necessary to promote development and serve the welfare of their citizens. The Agenda's adoption by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in September 2007 was an historic watershed for that UN agency, which has long viewed its mandate as the unabashed promotion of greater intellectual property rights throughout the world. Written by some of the world's leading IP scholars, Neil W. Netanel has edited this compilation of articles in order to examine the Development Agenda and the broader issues it touches upon. Contributors include leading scholars from various disciplines, including economics, political science, and law, and from countries at various stages of development, including China, India, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Nigeria, Egypt, and Israel, in addition to the US, Canada, and EU. They also include experts from NGO-think tanks, UNCTAD, and the two Brazilian diplomats who were the leading advocates of the Development Agenda's adoption.


History Of Technology Volume 24

Author by : Ian Inkster
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 150
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : The technical problems confronting different societies in different periods and the measures taken to solve them form the concern of this annual collection of essays. Dealing with the history of technical discovery and change, the volumes in this series explore the relationship of technology to other aspects of life-social, cultural and economic-and show how technological development has shaped, and been shaped by, the society in which it has occurred.


Understanding Long Run Economic Growth

Author by : Dora L. Costa
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 207
File Size : 41,6 Mb
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Description : The conditions for sustainable growth and development are among the most debated topics in economics, and the consensus is that institutions matter greatly in explaining why some economies are more successful than others over time. Probing the long-term effects of early colonial differences on immigration policy, land distribution, and financial development in a variety of settings, Understanding Long-Run Economic Growth explores the relationship between economic conditions, growth, and inequality, with a focus on how the monopolization of resources by the political elite limits incentives for ordinary people to invest in human capital or technological discovery. Among the topics discussed are the development of credit markets in France, the evolution of transportation companies in the United Kingdom and the United States, and the organization of innovation in the United States.


Intellectual Property

Author by : David I. Bainbridge
Languange : en
Publisher by : Pearson Education
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 708
File Size : 42,8 Mb
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Description : 'Intellectual Property', sixth edition, provides a substantial view of intellectual property law, dealing with principles, academic issues and practical considerations. Coverage is not limited to UK law, but includes appropriate international and regional legislation and decisions.


Across Intellectual Property

Author by : Graeme W. Austin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 524
File Size : 51,5 Mb
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Description : Using as a starting point the work of internationally-renowned Australian scholar Sam Ricketson, whose contributions to intellectual property (IP) law and practice have been extensive and richly diverse, this volume examines topical and fundamental issues from across IP law. With authors from the US, UK, Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand, the book is structured in four parts, which move across IP regimes, jurisdictions, disciplines and professions, addressing issues that include what exactly is protected by IP regimes; regime differences, overlaps and transplants; copyright authorship and artificial intelligence; internationalization of IP through public and private international law; IP intersections with historical and empirical research, human rights, privacy, personality and cultural identity; IP scholars and universities, and the influence of treatises and textbooks. This work should be read by anyone interested in understanding the central issues in the evolving field of IP law.


A Social History Of The Media

Author by : Professor of Cultural History and Fellow of Emmanuel College Peter Burke
Languange : en
Publisher by : Polity
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 700
File Size : 51,8 Mb
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Description : It will be an ideal text for students in history, media and cultural studies and journalism, but it will also appeal to a wide general readership.


The Inventiveness Requirement In Patent Law

Author by : Lodewijk W.P. Pessers
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kluwer Law International B.V.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 413
File Size : 48,8 Mb
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Description : Although the pivotal role of the inventiveness requirement in patent law is broadly accepted, it has long remained an ill-defined concept, and in current debates the question is often raised whether the requirement is capable of functioning as an adequate ‘gate-keeper’. By providing a broad and historical perspective on the inventiveness concept in patent law, this groundbreaking work lays a very thorough conceptual basis for further and more in-depth discussions on current standards of inventiveness. In a method guided by geography and chronology, the author weaves developments in numerous countries – focusing primarily on the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands – into a fullscale analysis of the inventiveness concept. Among the questions raised and examined are the following: - How do industrial–economic considerations influence the requirement? - Are there different doctrinal ‘schools of thought’ that can be distinguished? - Should the current requirement stay in close relationship with its predecessors or is it fundamentally different? - Which socio-economic and political forces have influenced or diverted the evolution of the requirement? - What are the most conspicuous similarities and dissimilarities among the jurisdictions under examination? And how can they be explained? - To what extent is the ‘inventive step’ requirement applied in a uniform manner within the European Patent Convention area? - To what extent has the enormous recent growth of patent grants been brought about by relaxation of the inventiveness requirement? This book provides crucially important fundamental commentary for lawyers, jurists, and scholars coming to grips with a hugely complex legal phenomenon: the dramatic growth worldwide in recent years of patents as instruments for the protection of industrial property. Particularly welcome in these times of intensifying scrutiny of patent law, this incomparable analysis will quickly become a cornerstone resource for intellectual property lawyers, patent officers, in-house counsel in multinational manufacturing companies, and other interested practitioners.


Reader S Guide To The Social Sciences

Author by : Jonathan Michie
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 898
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description : This 2-volume work includes approximately 1,200 entries in A-Z order, critically reviewing the literature on specific topics from abortion to world systems theory. In addition, nine major entries cover each of the major disciplines (political economy; management and business; human geography; politics; sociology; law; psychology; organizational behavior) and the history and development of the social sciences in a broader sense.


Making Sense Of The Industrial Revolution

Author by : Steven King
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 363
File Size : 51,6 Mb
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Description : This text presents a new perspective on the Industrial Revolution providing far more than just an account of industrial change. It looks at the development of the economic structures, and economic change and its inpact.


Intellectual Property Law

Author by : Helen Norman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 916
File Size : 53,9 Mb
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Description : Intellectual Property Law is written in an informal, engaging and lively manner with an emphasis on explaining the key topics covered on intellectual property law courses with clarity. It focuses on the practical issues of United Kingdom law at the same time as demonstrating how the subject is being shaped by outside forces.


A Social History Of The Media

Author by : Asa Briggs
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 510
File Size : 46,5 Mb
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Description : Written by two leading social and cultural historians, the first two editions of A Social History of the Media became classic textbooks, providing a masterful overview of communication media and of the social and cultural contexts within which they emerged and evolved over time. This third edition has been thoroughly revised to bring the text up to date with the very latest developments in the field. Increased space is given to the exciting media developments of the early 21st Century, including in particular the rise of social and participatory media and the globalization of media. Additionally, new and important research is incorporated into the classic material exploring the continuing importance of oral and manuscript communication, the rise of print and the relationship between physical transportation and social communication. Avoiding technological determinism and rejecting assumptions of straightforward evolutionary progress, this book brings out the rich and varied histories of communication media. In an age of fast-paced media developments, a thorough understanding of media history is more important than ever, and this text will continue to be the first choice for students and scholars across the world.


Entrepreneurship Innovation And The Growth Mechanism Of The Free Enterprise Economies

Author by : Eytan Sheshinski
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
Total Download : 251
File Size : 46,8 Mb
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Description : How much credit can be given to entrepreneurship for the unprecedented innovation and growth of free-enterprise economies? In this book, some of the world's leading economists tackle this difficult and understudied question, and their responses shed new light on how free-market economies work--and what policies most encourage their growth. The contributors take as their starting point William J. Baumol's 2002 book The Free-Market Innovation Machine (Princeton), which argued that independent entrepreneurs are far more important to growth than economists have traditionally thought, and that an implicit partnership between such entrepreneurs and large corporations is critical to the success of market economies. The contributors include the editors and Robert M. Solow, Kenneth J. Arrow, Michael M. Weinstein, Douglass C. North, Barry R. Weingast, Ying Lowrey, Nathan Rosenberg, Melissa A. Schilling, Corey Phelps, Sylvia Nasar, Boyan Jovanovic, Peter L. Rousseau, Edward N. Wolff, Deepak Somaya, David J. Teece, Naomi R. Lamoreaux, Kenneth L. Sokoloff, Yochanan Shachmurove, Ralph E. Gomory, Jonathan Eaton, Samuel S. Kortum, Alan S. Blinder, Robert J. Shiller, Burton G. Malkiel, and Edmund S. Phelps.


Intellectual Property Law

Author by : Tanya Aplin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
Total Download : 887
File Size : 46,6 Mb
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Description : This book combines extracts from major cases and secondary materials with critical commentary to provide a complete resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students of intellectual property law. All areas of intellectual property law in the UK are covered: copyright, trademarks and passing off, confidential information, industrial designs, patent, procedure and enforcement. This book also tackles topical areas, such as the application of intellectual property law to new technologies and character merchandising. While the focus of the book is on intellectual property law in a domestic context, it provides international, EU and comparative law perspectives on major issues. It also addresses the wider policy implications of legislative and judicial developments in the area.


Ip And Other Things

Author by : Robin Jacob
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 394
File Size : 53,6 Mb
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Description : The Rt Hon Professor Sir Robin Jacob has been variously a leading member of the Intellectual Property Bar, a High Court judge and, as Lord Justice Jacob, a judge in the Court of Appeal of England and Wales. His primary area of expertise is intellectual property (IP) rights. He chose to leave the Court of Appeal in March 2011 to take up his current position as the Sir Hugh Laddie Chair in intellectual property at University College London. Besides teaching and writing he still sits occasionally in the Court of Appeal, sits as an arbitrator, provides expert evidence, chairs the Advisory Committee on the Appointment and Training of the Judges of the Unified Patent Court and often advises the UK Government and EU Commission on IP matters. These essays and speeches, selected from his published and unpublished writings and lectures, illustrate the breadth of his learning in IP and other matters. They are written in typically straightforward and entertaining style and, in the case of the older essays, include a commentary of what has happened since they were first published. They will be of interest to any lawyer, law student or scholar interested in the development of IP law in the past quarter century or so.


The Evolution Of Technology

Author by : George Basalla
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 955
File Size : 53,6 Mb
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Description : Three emerging themes challenge the popular notion that technology advances through the efforts of a few who produce a series of revolutionary inventions that owe little or nothing to the technological past.


Intellectual Property Law And History

Author by : Steven Wilf
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 283
File Size : 45,7 Mb
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Description : Intellectual property has become a dominant feature of our knowledge based economy in recent years, but how has property rights in intangible items developed? This book brings together for the first time exemplary scholarship with diverse approaches to the history of United States intellectual property protection, including trade secrets, trademark, copyright, and patent law. These articles, written by leading experts in the field and often challenging conventional narratives, underscore the importance of historical perspectives for understanding how an extensive, evolving framework for the regulation of knowledge emerged in the modern period. By tracing intellectual property from an historical perspective - not merely providing justifications in philosophy or economics in the abstract - this book draws upon the past to address contemporary debates over such varied topics as: access to knowledge; policing copyright infringement; whether employees should own the products of their minds; the role of national borders in an age of digital information; and the very future of intellectual property as stakeholders and consumers contest the extent of its legal protection.


The Oxford Handbook Of Innovation

Author by : Jan Fagerberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 461
File Size : 46,9 Mb
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Description : This handbook provides academics and students with a comprehensive and holistic understanding of the phenomenon of innovation.