The Politics of Economic Reform in South Korea

The Politics of Economic Reform in South Korea
Author: Tat Yan Kong
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2013-10-11
ISBN: 1136183981
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Politics of Economic Reform in South Korea Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive and authoritative account of the development of the Korean economy combines an historical approach with a substantial treatment of the new economy. Its fresh analysis of the recent transition and systematic treatment of labour issues represent a significant contribution to the scholarship on the politics of development. It is an essential resource for students of comparative political economy and East Asian development.

The Postdevelopmental State

The Postdevelopmental State
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Postdevelopmental State Book Excerpt:

In this dissertation I examine the restructuring of the South Korean developmental state from a strategic-relational perspective sensitive to how the intersection between democratization and neoliberalization has influenced economic reform. In contrast to conventional approaches to developmental states that stress the autonomy of state from society and limit the contingency of social forces seen as affecting developmental strategies, I argue that it is within the reconfigured political space created by democratization, and shaped by the demands of the reform bloc of liberal and progressive forces that effected the democratic transition, that developmental state reform must be situated. This historic bloc has constituted a key support base for reform-oriented governments of Kim Dae Jung and Roh Moo Hyun and supplied these governments with key advisors and politicians. However, under these governments, neoliberal policies have expanded, undermining the hegemony of reform governments and leading to debates within the reform bloc over the character of Korean democratization, and the assertion that substantive, egalitarian demands have been neglected. I examine this assertion through an exploration of relations of coordination and conflict within the integral state (of political society and civil society) around efforts to reform the financial policies of the developmental state, to create institutions of social cooperation, to regulate foreign migrant labour, and to promote economic engagement with North Korea. In each of these case studies I outline areas where demands for economic and social justice have been subordinated to demands for national reunification and neoliberal reform and point to some of the wider implications this process holds for the reform movements and for the politics of democratization. To conclude, I survey some of the more recent transformations of the reform bloc under the conservative government of Lee Myung Bak and point to areas of continued.

Transforming Korean Politics Democracy Reform and Culture

Transforming Korean Politics  Democracy  Reform  and Culture
Author: Young Whan Kihl
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2015-03-26
ISBN: 131745331X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transforming Korean Politics Democracy Reform and Culture Book Excerpt:

Over the past fifteen years, South Korea has transformed itself from an authoritarian government into a new democracy with a vibrant capitalist economy. Modernization, democratization, and globalization have played important roles in this transformation, and have greatly influenced the programs and policies of Korea's Sixth Republic. Covering developments through the 2003 elections, this book shows how the South Korean government and society have been shaped not only by the dynamics of these forces, but also by their interaction with the cultural norms of a post-Confucian society. The author provides a conceptual framework and baseline for examining political developments in Korea, and offers an analysis of the factors that are transforming Korean institutions, society, and politics. He discusses the forces shaping Korea's political economy and the performance of successive ROK governments, and also highlights the challenges faced by the newly elected administration of Roh Moo Huan, the North Korean issue, and more.

The Political Economy of Change and Continuity in Korea

The Political Economy of Change and Continuity in Korea
Author: Seungjoo Lee,Sang-young Rhyu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2018-08-25
ISBN: 3319714538
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Political Economy of Change and Continuity in Korea Book Excerpt:

This book analyzes the transformation of Korean political economy since the 1990s. In the wake of the Asian financial crisis of 1997, the political economy of South Korea has evolved around two diametrically opposed features: convergence into the Anglo-American model and the state-led strategic restructuring of industries. To unravel the peculiar nature of the political economy in Korea, the authors first identify major factors that contributed to the dual dynamics of change and continuity in Korea: external pressures, ideological shift in political leadership, and the pivotal role of the Korean government. Next, they examine the way in which these factors interacted with each other to reshape the evolutionary path of the Korean political economy. Using several case studies, the authors take us through the stages of this transformation, from the reform of the chaebols to the industrial restructuring of the auto, IT, and aerospace industries to the rise of South Korea’s Free Trade Agreements (FTA) initiative. In explaining the role that the dual dynamics of change and continuity play in modern Korean political economy, this book makes an important contribution to the existing literature and will be of interest to scholars and policy-makers concerned with development in Korea and the Asia-Pacific.​

North Korean Reform

North Korean Reform
Author: Robert L. Carlin,Joel Wit
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2013-03-07
ISBN: 1134973284
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

North Korean Reform Book Excerpt:

In the past, foreign policy and security concerns have trumped any efforts to reform the North Korean economy. Today, the linkage between security and economic policies is being reconsidered as part of a larger debate in the North Korean leadership that has already transformed the country in fundamental ways. Despite renewed tensions with the United States, North Korea has begun to implement important economic reforms. Moreover, underneath the cover of the ever-present ‘military-first’ slogan in the controlled media, a debate is taking place between ‘reformers’ and ‘conservatives’ over whether Pyongyang’s bloated military industrial complex should be scaled back to help ensure the success of economic reform. Not only do these developments reflect strong political forces in the North Korean leadership that support reform, but they could also have profound implications for the future of Pyongyang’s national security policy. North Korea may decide that it will need a more favourable external security environment in order to secure greater access to international economic and financial assistance for its reform measures and, ultimately, downsizing its military. Pyongyang could launch a new policy of engagement that would include greater flexibility in the Beijing Six Party Talks. A second scenario is continued internal struggle over reform that could lead to an inability to act decisively on key security and foreign policy issues, including at the nuclear talks. Finally, progress in reform may, paradoxically, strengthen conservatives, leading to hopes in Pyongyang that it can improve the economy, while simultaneously maintaining a large powerful military. Whether Washington can do anything at this point to influence directly the emerging debate in Pyongyang is unclear, but a renewed policy of engagement on its part could enhance the chances of success for North Korean advocates of reform.

Lessons of Transformation for Korean Unification

Lessons of Transformation for Korean Unification
Author: Kyuryoon Kim et al.
Publsiher: 길잡이미디어
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2014-12-31
ISBN: 8984797871
Category: Comparative government
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lessons of Transformation for Korean Unification Book Excerpt:

Twenty-five years have passed since the system transformation initiated from Central and Eastern Europe in 1989. Since then, studies of social science have focused more on the external phenomenon that caused the collapse of the socialist system. Immediately after building the system, much attention was centered around the ‘revolution of a society and the establishment of the system,’ until it was replaced by the ‘maintenance of the system.’ The disintegrated socialist system was a part of living mechanism that was introduced to manage human societies in the former Soviet Union, including Central and Eastern European countries. The living mechanism has endured in a collective manner through diverse organically-connected fields. Therefore, the theories of socialist system is to simultaneously analyze the political, economic, and socio‐cultural transformations by taking this organic living mechanism into consideration. In addition, this analysis is subject to be established based on a generalized perspective which is commonly drawn from various examples regarding the system transformation. Upon these studies, we have continued on the analysis of the costs and benefits of Korean Unification which was launched in 2011. In this year’s research, we decided to view lessons from the system transformation and integration of the countries that had already undergone similar processes. Scholars from seven different countries were asked to submit papers on the analysis of system transformation or integration on their countries as well as the implications on the unification process of the Korean peninsula. Various implications, concerning Korean unification, are suggested by each scholar. In Poland’s perspective, seeking consensual relations with major powers in the Northeastern Asia seems to be an encouragement of the unification process. Polish case indicates that in the unified Korea, some major economic efforts must be undertaken to lift out the North Korean population from poverty. Romanian scholar mentioned mainly about how the economy should be transformed and how the North Korean totalitarian managements should be dealt with after the unification. Czech and Slovenia pointed out that the biggest obstacle in their system transformation was the ‘socialist way of thinking’ which had been indoctrinated into the population so that Korean must take it into consideration. Ukraine and Kazakhstan cases suggest that South Korea has to take a great caution not to make radical economic reforms in the Northern part of the unified nation which could lead to an anti-unification sentiment among the North Koreans. Irish case puts emphasis on the normalization of relations between North and South Korea, which is not likely to be accomplished in a short period of time. Vietnamese case presents meaningful implications and suggestions on the possible economic reforms in North Korea. Finally, the last part of this book includes suggestions on South Korea’s policy toward North Korea, as well as the South’s foreign policy during the whole process of Korean unification. Some typical points that should not be overlooked are as follows. First, South Korea needs to keep an eye on the North Korean scholars in case of a precocious achievement of reformation, open-door policy, or unification. Second, the South Korean government should persuade the advocates of reform and open-door policy in North Korea to stand independently and gain the majority of parliamentary seats, or join negotiations for unification. Third, South Korea needs to urge the North to undertake a gradual economic reform rather than a radical one when those who favor the reformation and open-door policy seize the power of the country. Fourth, the prompt dissolution of North Korea’s Supreme People’s Assembly is prerequisite for unification of Korea, for it can be an obstacle in the process of North Korea’s system transformation. Keywords: Polish, Romanian, Czech, Slovenia, Ukrainian, Kazakhstan, Irish, Vietnamese, Transformation, Integration ------------- CONTENTS ------------- Abstract Ⅰ. INTRODUCTION Ⅱ. CASES OF TRANSFORMATION AND INTEGRATION 1. The Polish Case 2. The Romanian Case 3. The Czech and the Slovenia Case 4. The Ukrainian Case 5. The Kazakhstan Case 6. The Irish Case 7. The Vietnamese Case Ⅲ. ANALYSIS OF TRANSFORMATION AND INTEGRATION PROCESS 1. Theoretical Types 2. Distinctive Features Ⅳ. CONCLUSION References Recent Publications

North Korea in Transition

North Korea in Transition
Author: Chang-Ho Yoon,Lawrence J. Lau
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Pub
Total Pages: 339
Release: 2001
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

North Korea in Transition Book Excerpt:

This volume is based on papers from the conference, "Developing social infrastructure in North Korea for economic cooperation between the South and the North," held at Korea University, Seoul, November 1998. Yoon (economics, Korea U.), Lau (economic development, Stanford U.), and other scholars discuss the development potential of the North Korean economy and the compatibility of economic reform with the maintenance of internal political stability. Twelve contributions are organized into sections on the political economy of North Korea, development potential under reform, the experience of other transition economies, the availability of social infrastructure, and the importance of industrial location. c. Book News Inc.

Korea s Political Economy

Korea s Political Economy
Author: Lee-jay Cho
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-03-07
ISBN: 0429723490
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Korea s Political Economy Book Excerpt:

Han Unbound

Han Unbound
Author: John Lie
Publsiher: Stanford University Press
Total Pages: 255
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9780804740159
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Han Unbound Book Excerpt:

Because the author sees South Korean development as contingent on a variety of particular circumstances, he ranges widely to include not only the information typically gathered by sociologists and political economists, but also insights gained from examining popular tastes and values, poetry, fiction, and ethnography, showing how all of these aspects of South Korean life help elucidate his main themes.

The Political Economy of South Korea

The Political Economy of South Korea
Author: Uk Heo
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 24
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Democratization
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Political Economy of South Korea Book Excerpt:

Governance and Economic Development

Governance and Economic Development
Author: Joachim Ahrens
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 433
Release: 2002-01-01
ISBN: 9781781959923
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Governance and Economic Development Book Excerpt:

'. . . this volume is an excellent resource for those interested in the analysis of institutions' design and economic development. . .' - Oscar Alfranca, Progress in Development Studies The main theme of this study is the political economy of policy reform in less developed countries and post-socialist countries. Given the complexity of economic development and transition, Joachim Ahrens views failures in policy reform, poor public sector management, rent-seeking, corruption, and over-centralization as systematic, though not exclusive, instances of institutional failure.

North Korean Economic Reform and Political Stability

North Korean Economic Reform and Political Stability
Author: Bruce Bueno de Mesquita
Publsiher: Hoover Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9780817957537
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

North Korean Economic Reform and Political Stability Book Excerpt:

Paper Tigers and Minotaurs

Paper Tigers and Minotaurs
Author: Moisés Naím
Publsiher: Brookings Inst Press
Total Pages: 180
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paper Tigers and Minotaurs Book Excerpt:

Political and economic reform is at the top of national agendas around the world. This book based on Moises Naim's participation in the Venezuelan reform experience and as executive director at the World Bank raises questions and explores problems crucial to achieving national reform strategies. Naim's lucid analysis grapples with the problems of dealing with entrenched interests bent on derailing reform; allaying the corrosive effects of corruption and public outcry over inequitable burdens; coping with the political instability brought on by decimated public institutions; managing the impact of reforms on the military establishment; and mobilizing public support for measures as essential as they are painful. The heady days of revolution are gone and these and other dilemmas now confront besieged reform governments everywhere. The problem of managing these in the real world is the subject this book tackles.

The Politics of Economic Liberalization in Indonesia

The Politics of Economic Liberalization in Indonesia
Author: Andrew Rosser
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2013-07-04
ISBN: 1136855793
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Politics of Economic Liberalization in Indonesia Book Excerpt:

This book examines the dynamics shaping the economic process of economic liberalisation in Indonesia since the mid-1980's. Much writing on the process of economic liberalisation in developing countries views economic liberalisation as the victory of economic rationality over political and social interests. In contrast, this book argues that economic liberalisation should not be understood in these terms, but rather in the way that political social interests shape processes of economic reform in both a positive and negative sense. Specifically, Rosser argues that economic liberalisation needs to be understood in terms of the extent to which economic crises shift the balance of power and influence within society away from coalitions opposed to reform and towards those in favour of reform. In the Indonesian context, the main coalitions that need to be examined in this respect are the politico-bureaucrats and the conglomerates who have generally opposed reform and mobile capitalists who have generally supported reform. Based on extensive original research, and providing much new material, the book considers the politics of economic policy-making in Indonesia in a range of sectors including the capital market, intellectual property law, the banking industry, and the trade and investment sectors. Analysing why the nature of economic policy in Indonesia has varied over time, this study argues that there is nothing inevitable about a transition to a fully-fledged liberal market order in Indonesia, and outlines possible future scenarios for the country's political economy.

The Politics of Economic Reform in Zimbabwe

The Politics of Economic Reform in Zimbabwe
Author: Tor Skålnes
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 432
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Zimbabwe
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Politics of Economic Reform in Zimbabwe Book Excerpt:

An Agenda for Economic Reform in Korea

An Agenda for Economic Reform in Korea
Author: Kenneth L.. Judd,Kenneth L. Judd,Young Ki Lee
Publsiher: Hoover Institution Press Publi
Total Pages: 535
Release: 2000
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Agenda for Economic Reform in Korea Book Excerpt:

An Agenda for Economic Reform in Korea looks at Korea's economic problems from the perspective of the American experience with economic reforms and sheds new light on the problems of economic reform facing nations all over the world. The authors examine such issues as corporate governance, social welfare, labor relations, and other pressing challenges--and suggest a new vision for the Korean economy.

United States Foreign Policy and Economic Reform in Three Giants

United States Foreign Policy and Economic Reform in Three Giants
Author: John Echeverri-Gent
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2017-07-28
ISBN: 1351317024
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

United States Foreign Policy and Economic Reform in Three Giants Book Excerpt:

Three of the largest and strategically most important nations in the world -the Soviet Union, China, and India - are currently in the throes of historic change. The reforms in the giants are transforming global economic and geopolitical relations. The United States must reexamine central tenets of its foreign policy if it is to seize the opportunities presented by these changes.This pathbreaking volume in the Overseas Development Council's series analyzes economic reform in the giants and its implications for U.S. foreign policy. Each of the giants is opening up its economy to foreign trade and investment. What consequences will this have for international trade? Each giant is attempting to catch up to global technological frontiers by absorbing foreign technologies: In what areas might cooperation enhance American interests, and in what areas must the U.S. protect its competitive and strategic assets? What role can key international economic institutions play to help integrate the giants into the international economy? The contributors suggest how U.S. foreign policy should anticipate these new circumstances in ways that enhance international cooperation and security.Contents: Overview: Economic Reform in the Giants and U.S. Policy, by Richard E. Feinberg, John Echeverri-Gent, and Friedemann Miiller; Economic Reform in the USSR, by Friedemann Miiller; Economic Reform in China, by Rensselaer W. Lee III; Economic Reform in India, by John Echeverri-Gent; The Politics of Economic Reform in the Giants, by John Echeverri-Gent, and Friedemann Miiller; Economic Reforms and International Trade, by Thomas Naylor; Technology Transfer to the Giants: Opportunities and Challenges, by Richard P. Suttmeier; and The Geopolitical Consequences of Reform in the Giants, by Elena Borisovna Arefieva.

The North Korean Economy

The North Korean Economy
Author: Catherine Cavanaugh
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2017-09-04
ISBN: 1351478265
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The North Korean Economy Book Excerpt:

Viewed from afar, North Korea may appear bizarre, or positively irrational. But as Nicholas Eberstadt demonstrates in this meticulously researched volume, there is a grim coherence to North Korea's political economy, and a ruthless logic undergirding it--one that unreservedly subordinates economic welfare to augmentation of political power. Thus, paradoxically, even as official policies and practices consign the DPRK economy to a perilous realm between crisis and catastrophe, the country's leadership maintains unchallenged domestic control and has actually managed to increase its international influence.Through painstaking collection of hard-to-uncover data and careful analysis, Eberstadt provides a quantitative tableau of North Korea's terrible failure in its economic race against South Korea; its stubborn adherence to policies all but guaranteed to stifle growth and undermine economic performance; and the longstanding official effort to ignore, or mitigate, pressures for economic reform.Eberstadt is skeptical of optimistic accounts from South Korea and elsewhere suggesting that the North Korean leadership is interested in resolving the current nuclear impasse, and getting on with the business of reform and development. So long as Pyongyang's rulers entertain the ambition of reunifying the Korean peninsula on its own terms, Eberstadt argues, economic reforms worthy of the name will be subversive of state authority--and vigilantly resisted by Pyongyang's rulers. This authoritative volume has received widespread attention from Asian specialists, well as those concerned with nuclear proliferation and world peace, and international relations professionals in general.

A Study on the Reality and Prospect of Economic Reform in North Korea

A Study on the Reality and Prospect of Economic Reform in North Korea
Author: Yŏng-yun Kim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 64
Release: 2007
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Korea (North)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Study on the Reality and Prospect of Economic Reform in North Korea Book Excerpt:

The Structure of North Korea s Political Economy

The Structure of North Korea s Political Economy
Author: Yŏng-sŏn Yi
Publsiher: 대외경제정책연구원
Total Pages: 48
Release: 2004
ISBN: 9788932241685
Category: Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Structure of North Korea s Political Economy Book Excerpt: