The Politics Of Legislative Debates

Author by : Hanna Back
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : A comprehensive study which looks at the politics of legislative debates in 33 liberal democracies in Europe, North America and Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. This book offers an account of the rules and practices determining floor access, with a particular focus on gender, seniority, and legislative party positions.


The Politics Of Dissensus

Author by : Kari Palonen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ed. Universidad de Cantabria
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Description : The Politics of Dissensus inverts the traditional perspective on the study of parliamentary politics by focusing on its less obvious and less well-known aspects. Dissensus instead of consensus becomes the condition for the intelligibility of parliamentary politics. Such politics is indebted to the rhetorical culture of addressing issues from opposite perspectives and debating the alternatives pro et contra: no motion is approved without a thorough examination of, and confrontation among, imaginable alternatives. Establishing the openness of political debating, parliamentarism has become a distinctive historical contribution to the rise of parliamentary democracy. Parliament in Debate refers to the paradigmatic institution for political deliberation, the debates surrounding its legislative activity, as well as the supervision of government and administration. Parliament has become a fascinating object of scrutiny as a political institution adopted and developed by different political traditions. In a nutshell, the book retrieves the study of parliamentary politics to present political theory and action in the parliamentary mode. It is a book on the relevance of parliamentarism to the study of politics and a book on the comparative conceptual and institutional history of parliamentary politics. The Politics of Dissensus: Parliament in Debate is the outcome of an international team of contributors coordinated by two ongoing research projects, relying on a long-lasting international cooperation, namely the Academy of Finland project The Politics of Dissensus and the Spanish National Research Fund projects The Rhetorics of Democracy and The Civic Constellation.


Debates Rhetoric And Political Action

Author by : Claudia Wiesner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This book explicates how debates and documents can be understood, interpreted and analysed as political action. It offers the reader both a theoretical introduction and practical guidance. The authors deploy the perspective that debates are to be understood as political activity, and documents can be regarded as frozen debates. The first chapter discusses what is to be understood as politics and political. The second chapter explains the concept of debate as an exchange of arguments in speaking pro and contra. The third chapter presents concrete approaches, research practices and experiences that help analysing debates and documents as politics. The fourth chapter consists of a number of case studies that demonstrate how researchers can proceed in analysing parliamentary debates, documents, laws, and media articles. This book will be of use to all students and scholars interested in analysing texts and documents, as well as in political rhetoric and parliamentary debates. &n bsp;


Discourse And Identity Formation

Author by : Lamya Alkooheji
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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Description : The book explores eleven debates held at the Bahraini Council of Representatives (or the Parliament) over 2007-2010 to comprehend how parliamentary discourse contributes towards identity formation within Bahraini society. Within the framework of critical discourse studies, the book traces the ideological struggle over power in the linguistic content of legislative discourse through a range of discursive strategies and devices. The authors contend that the discursive choices across the political spectrum in the legislative debates reflected strong sectarian characteristics which contained in it the seeds of political unrest of 2011, the so-called ‘Arab Spring’ of Bahrain. Parliamentary rhetoric and its resonance in the public sphere, the authors argue, revealed the underlying contradictions in Bahraini society. The book highlights the significance of legislative discourse as a platform of social cohesion, and its instability being symptomatic of contradictions within society.


The Politics Of Legislative Debates

Author by : Hanna Back
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : Legislative debates make democracy and representation work. Political actors engage in legislative debates to make their voice heard to voters. Parties use debates to shore up their brand. This book makes the most comprehensive study of legislative debates thus far, looking at the politics of legislative debates in 33 liberal democracies in Europe, North America and Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. The book begins with theoretical chapters focused on the key concepts in the study of legislative debates. Michael Laver, Slapin and Proksch, and Taylor examine the politics of legislative debates in parliamentary and presidential democracies. Subsequently, Goplerud makes a critical review of the methodological challenges in the study of legislative debates. Schwalbach and Rauh further discuss the difficulties in the comparative empirical study of debates. Country-chapters offer a wealth of original material organized around structured sections. Each chapter begins with a details discussion of the institutional design, focusing on the electoral system, legislative organization, and party parties, to which a section on the formal and informal rules of legislative debates ensues. Next, each country chapter focuses on analyzing the determinants of floor access, with a particular emphasis on the role of gender, seniority, legislative party positions, among others. In the concluding chapter, the editors explore comparative patterns and point out to multiple research avenues opened by this edited volume. The Oxford Politics of Institutions series is designed to provide in-depth coverage of research on a specific political institution. Each volume includes a mix of theoretical contributions, state-of-the-art research review chapters, comparative empirical chapters, country case study chapters, and chapters aimed at practitioners. Typically, the majority of chapters in each volume comprises of country studies written by country experts. Volumes in the series are aimed at political scientists, students in political science programmes, social scientists more generally, and policy practitioners. Series editors: Shane Martin, Anthony King Chair in Comparative Government and Head of the Department of Government, University of Essex; and Sona N. Golder, Professor of Politics, Department of Political Science, Pennsylvania State University.


Political Parties Parliaments And Legislative Speechmaking

Author by : H. Bäck
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : In analysing speeches made by legislators, this book provides theoretical and empirical answers to questions such as: Why do some Members of Parliament (MPs) take the parliamentary floor and speak more than others, and why do some MPs deviate more than others from the ideological position of their party? The authors evaluate their hypotheses on legislative speechmaking by considering parliamentary debates in seven European democracies: Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Norway and Sweden. Assuming that MPs are concerned with policy-making, career advancement, and re-election, the book discusses various incentives to taking the floor, and elaborates on the role of gender and psychological incentives in speechmaking. The authors test our expectations on a novel dataset that covers information on the number of speeches held by MPs and on the ideological positions MPs adopted when delivering a speech.


Imperial Senate

Author by : Naval Postgraduate Naval Postgraduate School
Languange : en
Publisher by : CreateSpace
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Description : In 1898, the United States forced Spain to release the colonies of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine Islands. Over the next 20 years, the United States Senate debated whether to keep, how to govern, and finally how to set some of those territories free while making others permanent possessions of the republic. These debates reveal a legislature, and by extension a nation, reevaluating its basic principles and changing place in the world. A review of international relations and domestic politics preceding the Spanish-American War establishes a pattern of legislative deference. Examination of pivotal debates spanning the post-war American imperial period shows how the Senate broke that pattern by seeking an expanded foreign policy role. Each inquiry highlights the effects of partisanship and domestic politics on ostensibly international matters. It is well known that the Senate failed to assert its foreign policy authority over the executive. Yet its efforts to do so casts light on the politics of the period, on how decisions about the acquisition and fate of America's colonies were justified, and on how deeply contested these issue actually were. After extensive debate, the Senate deliberately chose imperialism. This book explains how and why it did so.


Parliamentary Debates

Author by : New Zealand. Parliament
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Debating Difference

Author by : Rochana Bajpai
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : How can inequalities between groups be addressed, while at the same time sustaining common citizenship? Debating Difference offers a new approach to this key question for liberal democracies, demonstrating that argument and debate is crucial for reconciling the demands of group equality and civic unity. India offers a unique case of group-differentiated rights. Using landmark constitutional and legislative debates on minority rights and quotas, Rochana Bajpai develops a model for interpreting post-Independence group rights that hinges on the interplay between five principal normative concepts—secularism, democracy, social justice, national unity, and development. Tracing the shifting meanings of these values over time, this book demonstrates that liberal and democratic concepts are more sophisticated and widely shared in the Indian polity than is commonly believed. The author identifies the limits of Western-centric accounts of multiculturalism. She also establishes the significance of political rhetoric for explanations of policy shifts and political change.


The Political Origins Of Social Science

Author by : Nadav Gabay
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : This study is concerned with explaining why and how - under what practical condition and within what social arrangements - knowledge about society emerged as "social science": a relatively autonomous domain of expertise with its own distinctive arrangement of working practices, institutional arrangements and technologies. Social Science, I argue, originated not as much with Marx and Weber in Germany, or Comte and Durkheim in France, as with the political institution of governmental investigations in Britain almost half a century before it obtained academic prestige within the disciplinary framework of the universities. Only after social science was well entrenched in the political field, through the work of governmental commissions, and its influence and effects were felt in the public sphere, through legislation and policy, did it migrate into the universities, where it was appropriated by academics in their associations. I suggest that there is much we can learn about the scientificity of social knowledge once we forgo the traditional ways in which the history of social science is told and look at political institutions, political practices and political circumstances as the driving force behind the emergence not only of social investigations but indeed of social science more in general. It was politics, its discourse, its mechanics of parliamentary and governmental work, its legislative practices and bureaucratic routines, its technologies of recording, compiling, archiving, presenting and transporting information, which provided the condition of possibility for the emergence of social science as a domain of expertise, not least by investing social knowledge with importance, authority and relevance, through the work of governmental social investigations. Social science, I argue, was developed as a creative response to the growing requirement of publicity in the exercise of political authority during the first half of the nineteenth century. I locate the origins of social science within a larger transformation in the organizational culture of the British parliament, which took place at this period, following the increasing publicity of parliamentary debates and proceedings in the national Press. This transformation conditioned specific patterns of investigation and publication that turned social knowledge into a domain of expertise, thus paving the way for the emergence of social science. The first step in this transformation was the disenchantment of politics. With the opening of parliament to the "public gaze," politics became a domain an application for public reportage - a category of knowledge, that was understood to be worthwhile to observe and interpret, and which was constituted through the monitoring of parliamentary debates. Once politics was constructed as a field of application for the Press and identified with public reportage, contemporary political and social events inside and outside parliament became observational and 'experimental' and could now be legitimately monitored, accumulated, archived, combined into chronologies, and then served as a basis for interpretation and commentary. In the second step, the growing coverage of politics in the press, encouraged government officials to take control of the legislation process from parliament by establishing a new policymaking regime, based on empirical explorations of social problems outside parliament by especially assigned governmental commissions. Serving on these commissions, politicians effectively became social experts, turning their gaze onto the public, carefully inspecting and monitoring social problems in their localities, thus making social knowledge a legitimate domain of political expertise. With the growing use of governmental investigations, expert knowledge about society was effectively entrenched into the political field, transforming the organizational culture of parliament, its discourse and practices, from "verbal economy" of oratorical performance to the "visual economy" of writing public reports for policymaking purposes. In this new parliamentary regime, visual knowledge gained a cultural comparative advantage, an "epistemic privilege," over verbal knowledge, not merely because of its physicality but, more importantly, because it "fitted" the new circumstances created by the growing power of the press and the formation of political-print-culture. An "elective affinity" was created between political reportage and social reportage. In the third and final step, government officials attempted to control and manage the variety and partisan and contradictory understandings of politics that were created by the Press and challenged the ability of government to elicit support for its policies inside and outside parliament. They did so by establishing various associations whose goal was to promote an official political discourse through immense public opinion campaigns, accompanied by a massive dissemination of governmental reports about social problems. In these campaigns, expert knowledge about society, produced by governmental investigations, was presented as scientific: useful, relevant, non-partisan, tangible and accessible to others. In this way, expert knowledge about society was grafted onto the practice and discourse of its public consumers, effectively becoming "scientific."


Performing Representation

Author by : Shirin M. Rai
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : Seven decades after India’s independence women members occupy 1 in 10 seats in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament. In analysing women’s limited presence in the Indian Parliament, Performing Representation breaks new ground in scholarship on gender and politics. It explores the possibilities and limits of parliamentary democracy and the participation of women in its institutional performances. This book offers new insights into the gendered nature of the performance, aesthetics, and norms of parliamentary life through an examination of electoral data, legislative debates, and life stories of women MPs. The authors avoid both the framing of women MPs either simply as challengers of masculinized institutional politics or only as docile actors in a gendered institution. Making a strong case for taking parliamentary politics seriously in these times of populism, the book raises critical questions about the politics of difference, claim-making, representation, and intersectionality and addresses these as part of global feminist debates on the importance of the women’s representation in political institutions.


Parliamentary Debates

Author by : New Zealand. Parliament
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Debates Of The Legislative Assembly

Author by : Southern Rhodesia. Legislative Assembly
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Parliamentary Debates

Author by : New Zealand. Parliament
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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The Parliamentary Debates Vol 17

Author by : Great Britain Parliament
Languange : en
Publisher by : Forgotten Books
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Description : Excerpt from The Parliamentary Debates, Vol. 17: Fourth Series; Commencing With the Second Session of the Twenty-Fifth Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 57 Victoriæ; Comprising the Period From the Fifth Day of September to the Twenty Second Day of September, 1893 Lordships, each for himself, whether you should in your collective capacity as one branch Of the Legislature act upon your individual convictions and opinions in opposition to what you believe and have ascertained to be the view Of the House of Commons and of the country. I think that your Lordships know well the limits Of your power. You know that not being a Representative Assembly, and not backed by the strength which a representative character gives to a Legislative Body, and not sharing altogether the democratic principles which are making progress in this as in other countries, it would be unwise, impolitic, and unpatriotic to in sist upon your personal convictions by enforcing your own political convictions in opposition to what is believed to be the decided view of the country. Such was the case Of the Reform Bill Of 1832. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.


Living Legislation

Author by : William J. Novak
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
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Description : Political scholars examine the dynamic evolution of laws over time in a volume that “pushes the frontiers of knowledge about lawmaking in the US” (Choice). Politics is at its most dramatic during debates over important pieces of legislation. And while debates over legislative measures can rage for years or even decades before an item is enacted, they also endure long afterward, when the political legacy of a law eventually comes into focus. With a diverse set of contributors—including quantitative political scientists, political development scholars, historians, and economists—Living Legislation provides fresh insights into contemporary American politics and public policy. Many of the contributors to this volume focus on the question of why some laws stand the test of time while others are eliminated, replaced, or significantly amended. Others discuss how laws emerge from—and effect change within—coalition structures; the effectiveness of laws at mediating partisan conflicts; and the ways in which laws interact with broader shifts in the political environment. An essential addition to the study of politics, Living Legislation enhances understanding of democracy, governance, and power.


Remembering Martial Law And Victimhood In Polish Legislative Discourse

Author by : Elizabeth Rossmiller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : This dissertation is a longitudinal study of legislative debates in the parliament of the Republic of Poland concerning commemorative resolutions for martial law as well as rehabilitation and compensation laws for victims of political repression from 1956 to 1989. Unlike research into the determinants and effects of transitional justice, this dissertation explores its meaning. It shows how legislators constructed an official public memory of martial law in the context of a fractured memory regime. It also shows how legislators attributed various political identities to victims and conceptualized justice according to four distinct discourse systems: the international discourse of transitional justice and human rights, the discourse of ordinary justice, the discourse of Polish Romanticism, and the discourse of The Fourth Republic. Finally, it explores the social antagonisms that reinforce the boundary conditions for victimhood and, by extension, the polity. It extends our understanding of the purposes of commemorative resolutions by demonstrating that they generate discursive power to achieve other political goals. It also extends theories of reparations by examining them in light of nation-building. This research contributes to the literature on transitional justice and the politics of memory in Poland.


Legislative Lobbying In Context

Author by : Jan Beyers
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : The lack of previous research into political interest groups and taking into account policy-specific and institutional context characteristics is largely due to research designs that have been primarily focused on a small number of policy debates, with the result that contextual characteristics were largely held constant. This book brings together articles from different modules that are part of a larger European Collaborative Research Project, INTEREURO, carried out by research teams in nine different countries under the auspices of the European Science Foundation. The main goal of the book is to analyse strategies, framing and influence processes for a set of 125 legislative proposals submitted by the European Commission, in an effort to better understand the involvement of interest organizations in the decision-making process of the EU. Contributors draw on sophisticated and innovative policy-driven samples of interest group mobilization, allowing them to account systematically for how policy-specific and institutional context factors shape mobilization, lobbying strategies and influence of interest groups on public policy debates in the EU. In this way, the book makes an important contribution to the study of interest groups in the EU and represents the breadth of positions taken in the current literature. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.


Governments And Parties In Italy

Author by : Giuseppe Ieraci
Languange : en
Publisher by : Troubador Publishing Ltd
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Description : This book challenges the traditional approaches to party system analysis and policy space. It offers a survey of the most recent changes in Italian party politics. It puts forward an original comparison of the policy positions of seven Italian coalition governments and of the relative policy positions of the Italian parliamentary parties from 1994 to 2006. That decade was crucial in recent Italian political history because since 1994 the party system in Italy has been going through a process of realignment. After almost 50 years of political immobility, Italian democracy has finally begun to work according to the principle of alternating power between government incumbents and the opposition. Specific methodology was developed for this research, with the political 'themes' articulated by Government and Parliamentary leaders treated as expressions of political preferences. Rather than positioning the parties on predetermined left-right scales, the 'spaces of competition' were derived directly by the political debates in parliament.


The Limits To Union

Author by : Jonathan Goldberg-Hiller
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Michigan Press
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Description : Offers a case study of the same-sex marriage debate in Hawaii to discuss wider questions of political import


Challenging Executive Dominance

Author by : Tapio Raunio
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Bringing together scholars from Europe and North America, this book examines the engagement of legislatures across the world in foreign and security policy. The articles are specifically chosen to cover the whole range of foreign affairs questions from crisis management and military missions, arms trade, the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) of the European Union (EU), international energy agreements, to international trade negotiations. Drawing on a principal-agent framework, the book challenges the conventional wisdom of ‘executive autonomy’ in foreign affairs, with parliaments using multiple ex ante and ex post instruments to monitor, oversee and control governments in external relations. Moving beyond the ‘politics stops at the water’s edge’ image, the articles highlight the role of party-political contestation instead of consensus in the name of national interest structuring parliamentary debates and decision-making in this increasingly politicized issue area. Considering the lack of research on parliamentary participation in foreign affairs beyond the specific case of the U.S. Congress, the book will also contribute to theory building and will deepen our understanding of legislative-executive relations. The chapters originally published as a special issue in West European Politics.


History And The Past In The Legislative Debates Of The French Revolution 1789 1792

Author by : James C. Mazza
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : This study challenges the assumption that an indictment and discarding of history formed the only strand of the French Revolution's discourse about the past. A consideration of debates and speeches in the Constituent Assembly (1789--1791) and the Legislative Assembly (1791--1792) reveals that engagement with the national past was part of the revolutionary experience. During 1789--1791 deputies in the center and on the left looked back to the examples of pre-Bourbon representative assemblies and Christian antiquity. Deputies periodized the past into distinct eras, agreed that despotism made its appearance in the early seventeenth century, and skipped over the Bourbon era to return to what was valuable in the political practice of the Renaissance and Middle Ages. These deputies were influenced by pre-Revolutionary ways of thinking about the past, while also injecting modern invocations of national will and sovereignty into their evocations of past ages. They constructed competing historical narratives and used history in several ways, sometimes simply searching for examples or parallels but sometimes establishing a deeper connection or continuity between the Revolution and the past. This study further argues that the Revolution did break with the past, but that this did not occur until the lifetime of the Legislative Assembly and was fueled more by circumstances than by revolutionary ideology. This is when Lynn Hunt's "new men for new times" came to the fore: these deputies, younger than those to the Constituent Assembly and radicalized by their experience of Revolution and counter-Revolution, did eventually abandon history. In 1792 the long struggle with non-juring priests and emigres--as well as the king's ill-advised vetoes of legislation directed against them--finally cut off the Revolution from the national past. In emphasizing how the break with history reflects a break in the Revolution and drawing distinctions between these two assemblies and two periods of the Revolution, this study sides with Timothy Tackett and Michael Fitzsimmons in challenging Francois Furet's tendency to view the Revolution en bloc and to argue that the Terror unfolded from the principles of 1789.


Parliamentary Communication In Eu Affairs

Author by : Katrin Auel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Over the last twenty years, the role of national parliaments in EU affairs has gained considerable academic attention. Much of the literature, however, has focused on parliamentary scrutiny and control in EU affairs. What tends to be generally overlooked is that the parliamentary communication function is at least as important in EU politics as the control function. Democratic legitimacy depends on a vibrant public debate on political solutions and alternatives to allow citizens to make informed political (electoral) choices and to exercise democratic control. Within the EU, it is precisely the opacity of policy-making processes and the lack of public discourse that have been defined as core problems of democratic legitimacy. Here, parliaments have the potential to provide an ideal arena for the deliberation of important European issues and thus to help overcome the much-lamented distance between European policy processes and the citizens. Yet, despite parliaments' central relevance for the legitimacy of European politics, the parliamentary communication function remains so far under researched. The volume aims at filling this gap by providing both qualitative and quantitative comparative data on various communication efforts by national parliaments. This book was originally published as a special issue in the Journal of Legislative Studies.