The Politics Of Referendum Use In European Democracies

Author by : Saskia Hollander
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 995
File Size : 45,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book demonstrates that the generally assumed dichotomy between referendums and representative democracy does not do justice to the great diversity of referendum types and of how referendums are used in European democracies. Although in all referendums citizens vote directly on issues rather than letting their political representatives do this for them, some referendums are more direct than others. Rather than reflecting the direct power of the People, most referendums in EU countries are held by, and serve the interests of, the political elites, most notably the executive. The book shows that these interests rarely match the justifications given in the public debate. Instead of being driven by the need to compensate for the deficiency of political parties, decision-makers use referendums primarily to protect the position of their party. In unravelling the strategic role played by national referendums in decision-making, this book makes an unconventional contribution to the debate on the impact of referendums on democracy.


The People Or The Prince

Author by : Saskia Hollander
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 121
File Size : 53,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


How Referendums Challenge European Democracy

Author by : Richard Rose
Languange : en
Publisher by : Palgrave Macmillan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 78
Total Download : 783
File Size : 51,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book explains how citizens are using referendums to challenge decisions taken by the European Union. The opening chapters compare the two chief institutions of electoral democracy: parliamentary elections to decide who governs, and referendums to decide policies. The EU relies on international treaties for its authority to make policies. Chapters analysing referendum voting on Europe in Britain, Greece and the Netherlands show that cultural values can have a stronger influence than class. The book uses Brexit – the British referendum in which a majority voted for the UK leaving the European Union – as the leading example of a conflict between national voters and the EU. However, taking back control of policymaking does not ensure effective policymaking when success depends not only on what the British Parliament does but also on decisions taken in Brussels, Washington and elsewhere. Boris Johnson’s electoral success is insufficient to deliver all his promises in the world beyond Brexit. The EU is challenged too, as its policies increasingly depend on what happens on other continents.


Referendums And Representative Democracy

Author by : Maija Setälä
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 383
File Size : 45,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This volume analyses how the use of referendums affects the central functions and characteristics of representative democracy. It provides a balanced account of the interaction between referendums and representative institutions and actors, seeking to evaluate whether referendums supplement or undermine representative democracy. Considering both normative and empirical questions, the volume also examines the particular circumstances under which referendums strengthen or weaken representative democracy. Providing a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches used in the study of referendums, this book is divided into three sections: Referendums and the Models of Democracy, The Demand of Referendums: Party Ideologies and Strategies, and Referendum Campaigns and Voter Behaviour. It features case studies on Ireland, Israel, Canada, California, Italy, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, the Nordic Countries, the Netherlands, Spain and the EU Constitutional Treaty. In addition to system-level evaluations of referendums, studies on the ideological attitudes of political actors and strategic use of referendums, the volume also provides analyses of referendum campaigns and voters’ choices in referendums. Covering referendums on European integration, the volume also demonstrates how supra-national governance gives rise to the demand of referendums. This volume will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, political theory, comparative politics, and European studies.


European Democracies

Author by : Markus M.L. Crepaz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 345
File Size : 52,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : European Democracies is an introduction to the politics and governments of Western, Central, and Eastern Europe. Organized thematically rather than country-by-country, this fully revised edition examines topics such as electoral systems, the European Union, refugees and the welfare state, and asks how to explain variations in policy outcomes, and how globalization is affecting European Democracies, among others. Throughout, the author treats Europe as a single but diverse entity and asks readers to compare what they learn about European politics with the politics of their own country. Key features in this new edition include: An updated thematic introduction to the politics and governments of Europe; Fully revised to include comprehensive coverage of recent electoral politics and political events in Europe, such as Brexit, the refugee crisis, and terrorist attacks; New chapters on immigration and the nature of European political culture and welfare state. New comparative sections covering topics such as political parties, and financial and political differences in governments between Europe and the USA. This key, in-depth text will be essential reading to anyone interested in European politics and comparative politics.


European Democracies

Author by : Jürg Steiner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Longman Publishing Group
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 375
File Size : 50,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : European Democracies is a survey of European politics. Using a topical approach the author looks at various situations in European politics and compares them with similar experiences in American politics. This second edition has been updated to take into account the political changes in central and Eastern Europe in 1989 and the consequent 1990 elections.


Sovereignism And Populism

Author by : Linda Basile
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
Total Download : 944
File Size : 45,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : At a time when populism and appeal for national and popular sovereignty are on the rise – in Europe, the USA, and beyond – this volume proposes a new research agenda in political science that focuses on the linkages between populist and sovereignism in Europe. The book’s core question is to know and describe whether, how, and to what extent populism has been able to articulate the calls for ‘taking back control’ of the national borders and authority, by looking at both the ‘demand’ and ‘supply’ sides. Through compelling empirical analyses, the authors offer fresh data and theoretical insights on the determinants of the support for sovereigntist claims and its impact on voting choices, as well as on the features of the sovereignist discourse in populist parties. Coupled with the growing electoral success of party-based populism, sovereignism actually poses challenges to the ongoing processes of supranational integration. This urges a timely rethinking of democratic politics and calls for far-sighted alternatives to ‘taking back control’ to address the impact of globalisation and regionalisation on contemporary societies. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the journal, European Politics and Society.


The Routledge Handbook To Referendums And Direct Democracy

Author by : Laurence Morel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 399
File Size : 46,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Over the last 30 years referendums have played an increasingly important role in determining government policy. Recent high profile referendums in Scotland, Catalonia and Ukraine have continued the movement towards independence referendums following decolonization and the end of the Cold War. The Greek bailout referendum and Britain’s vote on membership of the EU reflect a tradition of European states giving their people a direct say in the transfer of sovereign powers to the European Union seen through the ratification of key treaties such as Maastricht, Amsterdam, Nice and Lisbon. This Routledge Handbook covers key aspects and issues of direct democracy and referendums throughout the world including: •their history; •when, why, where, how and on which issues referendums are held; •why some referendums are more democratic than others; •how referendums are won; •whether they produce good policies; •if referendums increase participation and improve the quality of representative democracies; •do referendums increase trust in democracy and the political actors; •the impact of new technology on the possibilities, methods and frequency of direct public political participation; •how they should be regulated. Covering other related areas such as recall, citizen juries and random selection, this compendium is an indispensable guide to referendums and the workings of modern democracy.


Euroscepticism Democracy And The Media

Author by : Manuela Caiani
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 278
File Size : 45,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This volume focuses on the relationship between the media and European democracy, as important factors of EU legitimacy. The contributors show how the media play a crucial role in making European governance accountable, and how it can act as an intermediate link between citizens and their elected and unelected representatives. The book focuses on widespread levels of Euroscepticism and the contemporary European crisis. The authors present empirical studies which problematize the role of traditional media coverage on EU attitudes. Comparisons are also drawn between traditional and new media in their influence on Euroscepticism. Furthermore, the authors analyse the impact of the internet and social media as new arenas in which Eurosceptic claims and positions can be made visible, as well as being a medium used by political parties and populist movements which contest Europe and its politics and policies. Euroscepticism, Democracy and the Media will be of interest to students and scholars with an interest in European politics, political parties, interest groups, social movements and political sociology.


The Referendum Experience In Europe

Author by : Pier Vincenzo Uleri
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 591
File Size : 50,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The referendum has become established as part of the decision-making process in many European countries. Experts from each country survey the historical experience and current debates in Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Russia and eastern Europe, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The impact of the referendum experience upon European politics is assessed, and the merits of the use of the referendum are evaluated, with a discussion on the implications for political parties, party systems, and representative government.


Reforming Democracy

Author by : Camille Bedock
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 739
File Size : 45,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : When, why, and how are democratic institutions reformed? This is the broad question guiding this research, rooted in a context of crises of representative democracy. Core democratic rules can be understood as the formal political rules regulating the direct relationship between elites within the political system, parties, and citizens. They are therefore the cornerstone of the functioning of any political system. This book deals with the context, the motives, and the mechanisms explaining the incidence of institutional engineering in consolidated European democracies between 1990 and 2015. It is centred on the choice of political elites to use - or not to use - institutional engineering as a response to the challenges they face. This study provides both a better empirical understanding of the world of democratic reforms in consolidated democracies, thanks to a new data-set covering six dimensions of reform in 18 European countries. Secondly, the book provides evidence about the link between the lack of political support and democratic reforms, and the role of electoral shifts in fostering reforms. Thirdly, this research shows that the final outcome of a given reform depends on the type of reform at stake and on the process used during the phase of discussion of the reform, though case studies in Ireland, France and Italy. Ultimately, the book demonstrates that contrary to what has been commonly assumed, reforms of the core democratic rules are frequent and constitute in most cases an answer of challenged political elites to the erosion of political support and electoral change. Comparative Politics is a series for researchers, teachers, and students of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu. The series is edited by Emilie van Haute, Professor of Political Science, Université libre de Bruxelles; Ferdinand Müller-Rommel, Director of the Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University; and Susan Scarrow, Chair of the Department of Political Science, University of Houston.


Citizens Initiatives In Europe

Author by : M. Setälä
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 613
File Size : 41,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : An exploration and analysis of the regulation and practices of citizens' initiatives in eleven European democracies and the EU. The contributors to this volume shed light on how citizens' initiatives influence patterns of political agenda-setting in representative democracies and how they can contribute to participatory democracy.


Faces On The Ballot

Author by : Alan Renwick
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
Total Download : 113
File Size : 43,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : One of the key shifts in contemporary politics is the trend towards greater personalization. Collective actors such as political parties are losing relevance. Citizens are slowly dealigning from these actors, and individual politicians are therefore growing in importance in elections, in government, within parties, and in media reporting of politics. A crucial question concerns how this new pattern could be restructuring politics over the long run - notably, whether the personalization of politics is changing the institutional architecture of contemporary democracies. The authors show that the trend towards personalization is indeed changing core democratic institutions. Studying the evolution of electoral systems in thirty-one European democracies since 1945, they demonstrate that, since the 1990s, there has been a shift towards more personalized electoral systems. Electoral systems in most European countries now allow voters to express preferences for candidates, not just for political parties. And the weight of these voters' preferences in the allocation of seats has been increased in numerous countries. They examine the factors that appear to be driving this evolution, finding that the personalization of electoral systems is associated with the growing gap between citizens and politics. Politicians and legislators appear to perceive the personalization of electoral systems as a way to address the democratic malaise and to restore trust in politics by reducing the role of political parties in elections. The book also shows, however, that whether these reforms have had any success in achieving their aims is far less clear. Comparative Politics is a series for students, teachers, and researchers of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu. The Comparative Politics series is edited by Emilie van Haute, Professor of Political Science, Université libre de Bruxelles; Ferdinand Müller-Rommel, Director of the Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University; and Susan Scarrow, Chair of the Department of Political Science, University of Houston.


The Dynamics Of Referendum Campaigns

Author by : Claes H. de Vreese
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 41
Total Download : 640
File Size : 52,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book focuses on the key actors in a referendum (the political elites/ parties, the media and citizens) and is centred around themes such as campaign style, campaign effects, electoral mobilization and turnout, as well as vote choice. The contributors consider the impact and importance of referendum campaigns.


The Politics Today Companion To West European Politics

Author by : Geoffrey K. Roberts
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
Total Download : 242
File Size : 46,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : "This book is an essential reference guide for students of West European politics and West European area studies. A perfect companion to European politics today (by the same authors), it contains details of major events, political leaders, important dates, organisations and recent elections, all in an accessible, easy-to-read format. A comprehensive reference work, the book also provides a sound historical background for students of contemporary Europe. It covers the information and terms of reference students need to know to understand developments in European politics from the Second World War to the present day. Much of the book is devoted to those European countries most often featured in comparative courses in colleges and universities: the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy and Spain as well as the European Union. Also included are details of personalities and events which have proved decisive for smaller and less familiar European democracies. From Resistance leaders to presidents, civil wars to scandals, the forces shaping the Europe of today are detailed in this book. This book is ideal for undergraduate students on politics, European studies and area studies courses"--Publisher's description.


Direct Democracy

Author by : Andreas Auer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ashgate Pub Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 427
File Size : 43,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This text aims to provide the reader with insights into Eastern European democracies. It is divided into two parts, the first part presents 12 country-reports, focusing on seven issues and the second part contains theoretical papers which place the topics tackled in the book in a broader context.


The Politics Of Direct Democracy

Author by : Lawrence LeDuc
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Toronto Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 899
File Size : 43,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book aims to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date survey of direct democratic institutions and devices as they have developed both in the thinking of modern political theorists and in actual political practice in the world's major democratic nations.


The Palgrave Handbook Of European Referendums

Author by : Julie Smith
Languange : en
Publisher by : Palgrave Macmillan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 893
File Size : 49,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This handbook provides an empirically rich analysis of referendums in Europe from the end of the Second World War to the present. It addresses a range of perennial theoretical and legal questions that face policy-makers when they offer citizens the chance to take or influence decisions by referendum, not least whether to accept the ‘will of the people’. Taking a multi-disciplinary approach, drawing on historical, philosophical and political science perspectives, the book includes a contextual section on the history of referendums, the theoretical questions underpinning their use, and on constitutional and legal questions about the use of referendums. The empirical sections are divided into those referendums that focus on domestic issues, such as constitutional matters or questions of social policy, and those related to the European Union, including membership referendums and treaty ratification.


Democracy In Europe

Author by : Heidrun Abromeit
Languange : en
Publisher by : Berghahn Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 559
File Size : 45,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Since the beginning of the European Community students of international politics and of international, resp. Constitutional law, have been wondering what kind of animal it is, and will be, once integration has been completed. Whereas the EC Treaty of 1957 stressed the economic aspects and envisioned a steady and dynamic progress towards a Single Market, it was conspicuously silent about the political implications of integration and the new democratic order. What is needed, so the author argues in this powerful and original contribution to the debate on democratisation of the European Union, is a flexible system that supplements the European decision-making process with various direct democratic instruments such as the use of referenda. These would serve to increase the accountability of the politicians without demanding or requiring a definitive resolution of the exact constitutional status of the Union.


Voices Of Europe

Author by : Simon Hug
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
Total Download : 158
File Size : 42,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This landmark study explores the increasingly important role that referendums play in the process of European integration. Employing an original research design, Simon Hug effectively blends formal modeling and statistical analysis to assess the consequences of European Union-wide referendums. He shows that their use has created more difficulties than the backers of direct democracy anticipated. With its detailed empirical analysis, this book makes an important contribution both to the study of referendums and to our understanding of institutional reform and integration within the EU.


The Politics Of Participation

Author by : Matt Qvortrup
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 298
File Size : 40,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : We live in an age of democracy. Very few people challenge the virtues of ‘government by the people’, yet politicians and commentators are fond of decrying the ‘crisis of democracy’. How do these views square up? This book provides the answer by surveying the philosophical history of democracy and its critics and by analysing empirical data about citizen participation in Britain and other developed democracies. In addition to analysis of major political thinkers like Plato, Machiavelli and J.S. Mill, the book analyses how modern technology has influenced democracy. Among the issues discussed in the book are why people vote and what determines their decisions, what prompts citizen involvement in riots and demonstrations, whether spin doctors and designer politics pose a threat to democracy and the influence of mass media on our political behaviour. More than merely providing an overview, the book also presents original analyses of timely issues such as referendums and the consequences of postal voting. An essential book for students of politics, history and media studies, this study puts the debate about democracy into perspective and offers a solid grounding for future discussions.


Utopia Or Chance

Author by : Miroslaw Matyja
Languange : en
Publisher by : BoD – Books on Demand
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 952
File Size : 49,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Due to the challenges that modern representative democracy is facing, citizens and politicians of various countries are looking for new solutions and ways to ensure the optimal functioning of their political and decision making system. In this context, Switzerland appears to be a country relatively immune to the current crisis. Why is that? As a direct democracy where the rule of the people remains the fundamental principle, it provides its citizens with instruments: referendum, popular initiative, popular veto, which allow them to resolve any problems that arise both on the national and local level. The essential characteristic of the Swiss system, which is also its main strength, is that unlike other European democracies it grants its citizens full power over their homeland, making them the actual sovereign. The author discusses various aspects of the Swiss model of democracy and suggests that it offers the best solutions for the optimal development of any country. It is the first work on this subject, it is certainly worth reading!


Politics And Society In Western Europe

Author by : Jan-Erik Lane
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 708
File Size : 52,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Politics and Society in Western Europe is a comprehensive introduction for students of West European politics and of comparative politics. This new edition has been extensively revised and updated to meet with the new needs of undergraduate students as they come to terms with a changing social and political landscape in Europe. This textbook provides a full analysis of the political systems of 18 Western European countries, their political parties, elections, and party systems, as well as the structures of government at local, regional, national and European Union levels. Throughout the book, key theoretical ideas are accessibly introduced and examined against the very latest empirical data on civil society and the state.


A Comparative Study Of Referendums

Author by : Mads Qvortrup
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 997
File Size : 48,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Combining an account of the political history and philosophy of the referendum, with a thorough assessment of the practical experiences with referendums in western democracies, this book has established itself as the unrivalled market-leader in the field. Fully revised and with new chapters on campaign spending and the administration of referendums, the second edition of this book provides a thorough overview of the theory and practice of referendums.


The Politicization Of Europe

Author by : Paul Statham
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
Total Download : 939
File Size : 51,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book examines how mass media debates have contributed to the politicization of the European Union. The public controversies over the EU’s attempted Constitution-making (and its failure) sowed the seeds for a process of politicization that has advanced ever since: an increasing visibility for the EU in mass-mediated public debates that is combined with a growing public contestation over Europe within national politics. The book presents an original systematic study of the emerging field of political discourse carried by the mass media in France, Germany and Britain to examine the performance of Europe’s public sphere. Whilst the EU’s increasing politicization can be seen as beneficial to European democracy, potentially ‘normalizing’ the EU-level within national politics, the same developments can also be a threat to democracy, leading to populist and xenophobic responses and a decline in political trust. Such discussions are key to understanding the EU’s legitimacy and how its democratic politics can work in an era of mediated politics. The Politicization of Europe will be of interest to students and scholars of comparative politics, media studies, communication, sociology and European studies.


Regionalist Parties In Western Europe

Author by : OSCAR MAZZOLENI
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 740
File Size : 51,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Regionalist parties matter. Over the past 40 years, they have played an ever-larger role in West European democracies. Because of their relevance and temporal persistence, their achievements have increasingly become visible not only in electoral arena, but also as regards holding office and policy-making. Enhancing our understanding of these different dimensions of success, this book analyses various types of regionalist party success. Beyond conventional perspectives, the focus of this book is also on how the dimensions of success are related to each other, and in particular to what extent electoral and office success – jointly or alternatively – contribute to policy success. Adopting a common theoretical framework and combining the in-depth knowledge of country experts, each chapter explores the evolution and impact of regionalist parties in regional or federal states, that is the UK, Germany, Italy, Spain, Belgium, and Switzerland. This allows for a comprehensive and comparative analysis of one of the main political challenges within West-European democracies.


Do Referendums Enhance Or Threaten Democracy

Author by : Birte Müller-Heidelberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 247
File Size : 41,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Essay from the year 2003 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: B, University of Bath (European Studies and Modern Languages), 21 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In some countries, the Euro has been established without consulting the citizens. Discussions on whether this has been a fair and fully legal step made by elected representatives in a democracy or whether people should have been asked before passing such a major reform are ongoing. The convent has come up with a first proposal for a European Constitution. While several countries are preparing their referendums on it, Germany’s chancellor Gerhard Schröder simply stated, he is against a referendum – no reasons given. Switzerland uses referendums as a regular instrument to let people decide about single political issues. Countries as Sweden and Denmark use them at least once in a while. Others, such as Germany, have never had a referendum in their history. Although these differences between nation states are obvious, there has been a revival of the idea of referendums as an instrument of direct democracy in the last decades. In some states used, in others only discussed, referendums are a topic again. This essay analyses the question whether referendums enhance or threaten democracy by taking a closer look at the pro and contra arguments used in the literature, essays and newspaper articles through which sociologists fight their battle about the subject. After pointing out some of the reasons for the current rise of referendums in general (2), chapter 3 will deal with the chances (3.1) and dangers (3.2) of referendums. This analysis will lead to a conclusion and judgement of referendums (4). In chapter 5, a short outlook will be given on the function of referendums in the ever closer European Union.


The Almanac Of European Politics 1995

Author by : Matthew Cossolotto
Languange : en
Publisher by : CQ-Roll Call Group Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 82
Total Download : 503
File Size : 54,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The Almanac of European Politics 1995 is a handy guide to political activities in nineteen European democracies. This fact-filled book provides background information on each country's government, leaders, and political parties, as well as detailed accounts and tables documenting the most recent national elections. A list of the key political phrases, slogans, and terms particular to each nation is included, as well as a synopsis of the major political events in each country's history.


Referendums And Democratic Government

Author by : Maija Setälä
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
Total Download : 572
File Size : 52,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Referendums and Democratic Government is the most systematic analysis of the referendum so far. The referendum phenomenon is approached from different perspectives: social choice theory, theories of democracy, a comparative study on 22 democracies, and in-depth case studies of Sweden, Denmark and Switzerland. The referendum is not a unitary phenomenon but it serves various functions and different normative goals in the political systems studied. This variation may largely be explained by the differences in the initiating and agenda-setting procedures.


Norway

Author by : Knut Heidar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Westview Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 547
File Size : 43,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A discussion of the political system of Norway focusing on political parties, democracy and accountability in one of the richest countries in the world that still is anchored in an egalitarian culture with a strong local base and facing the challenge of a dynamic Europeization process.