Technology and Values

Technology and Values
Author: Craig Hanks
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 561
Release: 2009-05-04
ISBN: 1405149000
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technology and Values Book Excerpt:

This anthology features essays and book excerpts on technology and values written by preeminent figures in the field from the early 20th century to the present. It offers an in-depth range of readings on important applied issues in technology as well. Useful in addressing questions on philosophy, sociology, and theory of technology Includes wide-ranging coverage on metaphysics, ethics, and politics, as well as issues relating to gender, biotechnology, everyday artifacts, and architecture A good supplemental text for courses on moral or political problems in which contemporary technology is a unit of focus An accessible and thought-provoking book for beginning and advanced undergraduates; yet also a helpful resource for graduate students and academics

The Will to Technology and the Culture of Nihilism

The Will to Technology and the Culture of Nihilism
Author: Arthur Kroker
Publsiher: University of Toronto Press
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2004-01-01
ISBN: 9780802085733
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Will to Technology and the Culture of Nihilism Book Excerpt:

In The Will to Technology and the Culture of Nihilism, Arthur Kroker explores the future of the 21st century in the language of technological destiny. Presenting Martin Heidegger, Karl Marx, and Friedrich Nietzsche as prophets of technological nihilism, Kroker argues that every aspect of contemporary culture, society, and politics is coded by the dynamic unfolding of the 'will to technology.' Moving between cultural history, our digital present, and the biotic future, Kroker theorizes on the relationship between human bodies and posthuman technology, and more specifically, wonders if the body of work offered by thinkers like Heidegger, Marx, and Nietzsche is a part of our past or a harbinger of our technological future. Heidegger, Marx, and Nietzsche intensify our understanding of the contemporary cultural climate. Heidegger's vision posits an increasingly technical society before which we have become 'objectless objects'? driftworks in a 'culture of boredom.' In Marx, the disciplining of capital itself by the will to technology is a code of globalization, first announced as streamed capitalism. Nietzsche mediates between them, envisioning in the gathering shadows of technological society the emergent signs of a culture of nihilism. Like Marx, he insists on thinking of the question of technology in terms of its material signs. In The Will to Technology and the Culture of Nihilism, Kroker consistently enacts an invigorating and innovative vision, bringing together critical theory, art, and politics to reveal the philosophic apparatus of technoculture.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Index

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy  Index
Author: Routledge (Firm)
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 896
Release: 1998
ISBN: 9780415073103
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Index Book Excerpt:

Contains a full index of all the topics covered in the first nine volumes of the set.

The Ethics of Generating Posthumans

The Ethics of Generating Posthumans
Author: Calum MacKellar,Trevor Stammers
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2022-01-27
ISBN: 1350216550
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ethics of Generating Posthumans Book Excerpt:

Should transhuman and posthuman persons ever be brought into existence? And if so, could they be generated in a good and loving way? This study explores how society may respond to the actual generation of new kinds of persons from ethical, philosophical, and theological perspectives. Contributors to this volume address a number of essential questions, including the ethical ramifications of generating new life, the relationships that generators may have with their creations, and how these creations may consider their generation. This collection's interdisciplinary approach traverses the philosophical writings of Aristotle, Aquinas, Kant, Nietzsche, and Heidegger, alongside theological considerations from Jewish, Christian, and Islamic traditions. It invites academics, faith leaders, policy makers, and stakeholders to think through the ethical gamut of generating posthuman and transhuman persons.

The Question Concerning Technology in China

The Question Concerning Technology in China
Author: Yuk Hui
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2016-09-02
ISBN: 0995455007
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Question Concerning Technology in China Book Excerpt:

A systematic historical survey of Chinese thought is followed by an investigation of the historical-metaphysical questions of modern technology, asking how Chinese thought might contribute to a renewed questioning of globalized technics. Heidegger's critique of modern technology and its relation to metaphysics has been widely accepted in the East. Yet the conception that there is only one—originally Greek—type of technics has been an obstacle to any original critical thinking of technology in modern Chinese thought. Yuk Hui argues for the urgency of imagining a specifically Chinese philosophy of technology capable of responding to Heidegger's challenge, while problematizing the affirmation of technics and technologies as anthropologically universal. This investigation of the historical-metaphysical question of technology, drawing on Lyotard, Simondon, and Stiegler, and introducing a history of modern Eastern philosophical thinking largely unknown to Western readers, including philosophers such as Feng Youlan, Mou Zongsan, and Keiji Nishitani, sheds new light on the obscurity of the question of technology in China. Why was technics never thematized in Chinese thought? Why has time never been a real question for Chinese philosophy? How was the traditional concept of Qi transformed in its relation to Dao as China welcomed technological modernity and westernization? In The Question Concerning Technology in China, a systematic historical survey of the major concepts of traditional Chinese thinking is followed by a startlingly original investigation of these questions, in order to ask how Chinese thought might today contribute to a renewed, cosmotechnical questioning of globalized technics.

Nietzsche and the Question of Interpretation

Nietzsche and the Question of Interpretation
Author: Alan D. Schrift
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 1990
ISBN: 9780415903127
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nietzsche and the Question of Interpretation Book Excerpt:

This study allies Nietzsche with the hermeneutic tradition, arguing that a tension in his diverse remarks on interpretation anticipates the hermeneutic pluralist alternative to Heidegger and deconstruction.

Gendered Bodies and New Technologies

Gendered Bodies and New Technologies
Author: Amanda du Preez
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2009-10-02
ISBN: 1443815411
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gendered Bodies and New Technologies Book Excerpt:

In this era of ubiquitous information flow, heightened mobility and limitless consumer convenience, human interaction with new technologies has become increasingly seamless. In the process, the human body is effectively and steadily reduced to just another interface, or a “second life”, so to speak. What is easily forgotten during this translucent transaction is that being human also necessarily implies being embodied. In other words, to constitute a body in its non-negotiable physicality is still what it entails to be human (amongst other things). To live daily in and through the complicated and dynamic intersection between “mind” and “body”, psychology and physiology―also known as embodiment―is what makes us human.

Technology and the Contested Meanings of Sustainability

Technology and the Contested Meanings of Sustainability
Author: Aidan Davison
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2001-05-16
ISBN: 9780791449790
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technology and the Contested Meanings of Sustainability Book Excerpt:

Argues that sustainability requires more than economic and technological efficiency.

The Movement of Nihilism

The Movement of Nihilism
Author: Laurence Paul Hemming,Kostas Amiridis,Bogdan Costea
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2011-03-03
ISBN: 0826438695
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Movement of Nihilism Book Excerpt:

When Nietzsche announced 'the advent of nihilism' in 1887/88, he argued that he was sketching 'the history of the next two centuries': 'For some time now', he wrote, 'our whole European culture has been moving as toward catastrophe [...]: restlessly, violently, headlong, like a river that want to reach the end, that no longer reflects, that is afraid to reflect.' Can we gain a ground for reflection upon our own condition? Can we heed Nietzsche's warning? Can we respond to the challenge? In this book, eleven newly commissioned essays from leading scholars offer an attempt to grasp Nietzsche's prescience through Heidegger's critique of it; attempting to think through the philosophical consequences of the last century in reading the signs of our own condition. The book also provides and fascinating and unique discussion of some of the lesser-known texts of the later Heidegger.

Perform Or Else

Perform Or Else
Author: Jon McKenzie
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 321
Release: 2002-09-26
ISBN: 1134538626
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perform Or Else Book Excerpt:

In Perform or Else Jon McKenzie brilliantly explores the relationship between cultural, organisational, and technological performance.

Heidegger on Art and Art Works

Heidegger on Art and Art Works
Author: J.J. Kockelmans
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400950675
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heidegger on Art and Art Works Book Excerpt:

This book grew from a series of lectures presented in 1983 in the context of the Summer Program in Phenomenology at The Pennsylvania State University. For these lectures I made use of notes and short essays which I had written between 1978 and 1982 during interdisciplinary seminars on Heidegger's later philosophy in general, and on his philosophy of language and art in particular. The participants in these seminars consisted of faculty members and graduate students concerned with the sciences, the arts, literature, literary criticism, art history, art education, and philosophy. On both occasions I made a special effort to introduce those who did not yet have a specialized knowledge of Heidegger's philosophy, to his later way of thinking. In this effort I was guided by the conviction that we, as a group, had to aim for accuracy, precision, clarity, faithfulness, and depth, while at the same time taking distance, comparing Heidegger's views with ideas of other philosophers and thinkers, and cultivat ing a proper sense of criticism. Over the years it has become clear to me that among professional philoso phers, literary critics, scholars concerned with art history and art education, and scientists from various disciplines, there are many who are particularly interested in "Heidegger's philosophy of art". I have also become convinced that many of these dedicated scholars often have difficulty in understanding Heidegger's lectures on art and art works. This is understandable.

The Political Subject of Violence

The Political Subject of Violence
Author: David Campbell,Michael Dillon
Publsiher: Manchester University Press
Total Pages: 202
Release: 1993
ISBN: 9780719038495
Category: Political science.
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Political Subject of Violence Book Excerpt:

These essays examine various aspects of the violence of the relationship between modern reason and modern political violence, drawing upon Nietzschean and Heideggerean themes and the work of contemporary thinkers, such as Foucault, Derrida and Levinas.

Philosophy After Nature

Philosophy After Nature
Author: Rosi Braidotti,Rick Dolphijn
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2017-06-23
ISBN: 178660387X
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy After Nature Book Excerpt:

This volume focuses on the most urgent themes in contemporary cultural theory, namely ecology, the posthuman, and the rise of the digital in a globally interlinked world. Contributions by the most prominent voices in the field provide up-to-date and accessible introductions to complex theories.

Mobile Modernity

Mobile Modernity
Author: Todd S Presner
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2007-04-19
ISBN: 0231511582
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mobile Modernity Book Excerpt:

Though the history of the German railway system is often associated with the transportation of Jews to labor and death camps, Todd Presner looks instead to the completion of the first German railway lines and their role in remapping the cultural geography and intellectual history of Germany's Jews. Treating the German railway as both an iconic symbol of modernity and a crucial social, technological, and political force, Presner advances a groundbreaking interpretation of the ways in which mobility is inextricably linked to German and Jewish visions of modernity. Moving beyond the tired model of a failed German-Jewish dialogue, Presner emphasizes the mutual entanglement of the very categories of German and Jewish and the many sites of contact and exchange that occurred between German and Jewish thinkers. Turning to philosophy, literature, and the history of technology, and drawing on transnational cultural and diaspora studies, Presner charts the influence of increased mobility on interactions between Germans and Jews. He considers such major figures as Kafka, Heidegger, Arendt, Freud, Sebald, Hegel, and Heine, reading poetry next to philosophy, architecture next to literature, and railway maps next to cultural history. Rather than a conventional, linear history that culminates in the tragedy of the Holocaust, Presner produces a cultural mapping that articulates a much more complex story of the hopes and catastrophes of mobile modernity. By focusing on the spaces of encounter emblematically represented by the overdetermined triangulation of Germans, Jews, and trains, he introduces a new genealogy for the study of European and German-Jewish modernity.

Navigating Technomedia

Navigating Technomedia
Author: Sam Han
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2008
ISBN: 9780742560246
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Navigating Technomedia Book Excerpt:

This is an introductory survey of what the author calls the 'technomedia', the generation of communication technologies after television, cell phones and the first wave of the Internet. Beginning with a history of media, the book explores the nature and effects of technomedia like the blogosphere, Blackberries and related technologies. Because they are transforming the relations of their users to the social environment, the topic is fast becoming an important focus of modern social theory.

Reimagining Philosophy and Technology Reinventing Ihde

Reimagining Philosophy and Technology  Reinventing Ihde
Author: Glen Miller,Ashley Shew
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2020-04-27
ISBN: 3030359670
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reimagining Philosophy and Technology Reinventing Ihde Book Excerpt:

This volume includes eleven original essays that explore and expand on the work of Don Ihde, bookended by two chapters by Ihde himself. Ihde, the recipient of the first Society for Philosophy and Technology's Lifetime Achievement Award in 2017, is best known for his development of postphenomenology, a blend of pragmatism and phenomenology that incorporates insights into the ways technology mediates human perception and action. The book contains contributions from academics from Europe, North America, and Asia, which demonstrates the global impact of Ihde’s work. Essays in the book explore the relationship between Ihde's work and its origins in phenomenology (especially Husserl and Heidegger) and American pragmatism; integrate his philosophical work within the embodied experience of radical architecture and imagine the possibility of a future philosophy of technology after postphenomenology; develop central ideas of postphenomenology and expand the resources present in postphenomenology to ethics and politics; and extend the influence of Ihde's ideas to mobile media and engineering, and comprehensively assess the influence of his work in China. The book includes a reprint of the Introduction of Sense and Significance, one of Ihde's first books; "Hawk: Predatory Vision," a new chapter that blends his biographical experience with feminism, technoscience, and environmental observation; and an appendix that lists all of Ihde's books as well as secondary sources annotated by Ihde himself. Starting with an Editors' Introduction that offers an overview of the central ideas in Ihde's corpus and concluding with an index that facilitates research across the various chapters, this book is of interest to a diverse academic community that includes philosophers, STS scholars, anthropologists, historians, and sociologists.

This Is Not a Copy

This Is Not a Copy
Author: Kaja Marczewska
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2018-02-22
ISBN: 150133784X
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

This Is Not a Copy Book Excerpt:

In This Is Not a Copy, Kaja Marczewska identifies a characteristic 'copy-paste' tendency in contemporary culture-a shift in attitude that allows reproduction and plagiarizing to become a norm in cultural production. This inclination can be observed in literature and non-literary forms of writing at an unprecedented level, as experiments with text redefine the nature of creativity. Responding to these transformations, Marczewska argues that we must radically rethink our conceptions of artistic practice and proposes a move away from the familiar categories of copying and originality, creativity and plagiarism in favour of the notion of iteration. Developing the new concept of the Iterative Turn, This Is Not a Copy identifies and theorizes the turn toward ubiquitous iteration as a condition of text-based creative practices as they emerge in response to contemporary technologies. Conceiving of writing as iterative invites us to address a set of new, critical questions about contemporary culture. Combining discussion of literature, experimental and electronic writing, mainstream and independent publishing with debates in 20th- and 21st-century art, contemporary media culture, transforming technologies and copyright laws, This Is Not a Copy offers a timely and urgently needed argument, introducing a unique new perspective on practices that permeate our contemporary culture.

Michel Foucault

Michel Foucault
Author: Barry Smart
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 420
Release: 1994
ISBN: 9780415088893
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Michel Foucault Book Excerpt:

Background Practices

Background Practices
Author: Hubert L. Dreyfus
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2017-06-16
ISBN: 0192516035
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Background Practices Book Excerpt:

This volume presents a selection of Hubert Dreyfus's pioneering work in bringing phenomenology and existentialism to bear on the philosophical and scientific study of the mind. Each of the thirteen essays interprets, develops, and extends the insights of his predecessors working in the European philosophical tradition. One of Dreyfus' central contributions to reading the historical canon of philosophy comes from his recognition that great philosophers help us to understand the "background practices" of a culture - the practices that shape and embody our most basic understanding of ourselves and the things and situations we encounter in our world. Background practices are all too often overlooked completely, or else their importance is misunderstood. Each chapter in this volume shows in one way or another how a broad range of philosophical topics can only be properly understood when we recognize how they are grounded in the background practices that shape our lives and give meaning to our activities, our tasks, our normative commitments, our aims and our goals.

Civil Rights and the Paradox of Liberal Democracy

Civil Rights and the Paradox of Liberal Democracy
Author: Bradley C. S. Watson
Publsiher: Lexington Books
Total Pages: 232
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9780739100387
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Civil Rights and the Paradox of Liberal Democracy Book Excerpt:

In Civil Rights and the Paradox of Liberal Democracy, Bradley Watson demonstrates the paradox of liberal democracy: that its cornerstone principles of equality and freedom are principles inherently directed toward undermining it. Modernity, beyond bringing definition to political equality, unleashed a whirlwind of individualism, which feeds the soul's basic impulse to rule without limitationincluding the limitation of consent. Here Watson begins his analysis of the foundations of liberalism, looking carefully and critically at the moral and political philosophies that justify modern civil rights litigation. He goes on to examine the judicial manifestations of the paradox of liberal democracy, seeking to bring a broad philosophical coherence to legal decision making in the United States and Canada. Finally, Watson illuminates the extent to which this decision making is in tension with liberal democracy, and outlines proposals for reform.