The Reasoner

The Reasoner
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1847
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Reasoner Book Excerpt:

The Reasoner

The Reasoner
Author: George Jacob Holyoake
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1847
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Secularism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Reasoner Book Excerpt:

"The History of the Fleet Street House": 20 p. at the end of v. 18.

The Reasoner and Herald of progress afterw The Reasoner and Utilitarian record

The Reasoner  and  Herald of progress   afterw   The Reasoner  and Utilitarian record
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1846
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Reasoner and Herald of progress afterw The Reasoner and Utilitarian record Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic
Author: Stewart Shapiro
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 856
Release: 2005-02-10
ISBN: 0190287535
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic Book Excerpt:

Mathematics and logic have been central topics of concern since the dawn of philosophy. Since logic is the study of correct reasoning, it is a fundamental branch of epistemology and a priority in any philosophical system. Philosophers have focused on mathematics as a case study for general philosophical issues and for its role in overall knowledge- gathering. Today, philosophy of mathematics and logic remain central disciplines in contemporary philosophy, as evidenced by the regular appearance of articles on these topics in the best mainstream philosophical journals; in fact, the last decade has seen an explosion of scholarly work in these areas. This volume covers these disciplines in a comprehensive and accessible manner, giving the reader an overview of the major problems, positions, and battle lines. The 26 contributed chapters are by established experts in the field, and their articles contain both exposition and criticism as well as substantial development of their own positions. The essays, which are substantially self-contained, serve both to introduce the reader to the subject and to engage in it at its frontiers. Certain major positions are represented by two chapters--one supportive and one critical. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Math and Logic is a ground-breaking reference like no other in its field. It is a central resource to those wishing to learn about the philosophy of mathematics and the philosophy of logic, or some aspect thereof, and to those who actively engage in the discipline, from advanced undergraduates to professional philosophers, mathematicians, and historians.

Annual List of Books Added to the Public Library of Cincinnati

Annual List of Books Added to the Public Library of Cincinnati
Author: Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1878
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Classified catalogs
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Annual List of Books Added to the Public Library of Cincinnati Book Excerpt:

Reasoning

Reasoning
Author: Magdalena Balcerak Jackson,Brendan Balcerak Jackson
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2019-05-23
ISBN: 0192509063
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reasoning Book Excerpt:

Philosophers have always recognized the value of reason, but the process of reasoning itself has only recently begun to emerge as a philosophical topic in its own right. Is reasoning a distinctive kind of mental process? If so, what is its nature? How does reasoning differ from merely freely associating thoughts? What is the relationship between reasoning about what to believe and reasoning about how to act? Is reasoning itself something you do, or something that happens to you? And what is the value of reasoning? Are there rules for good or correct reasoning and, if so, what are they like? Does good reasoning always lead to justified belief or rational action? Is there more than one way to reason correctly from your evidence? This volume comprises twelve new essays by leading researchers in the philosophy of reasoning that together address these questions and many more, and explore the connections between them.

Knowledge Engineering

Knowledge Engineering
Author: Gheorghe Tecuci,Dorin Marcu,Mihai Boicu,David A. Schum
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2016-09-08
ISBN: 1316654184
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Knowledge Engineering Book Excerpt:

This book presents a significant advancement in the theory and practice of knowledge engineering, the discipline concerned with the development of intelligent agents that use knowledge and reasoning to perform problem solving and decision-making tasks. It covers the main stages in the development of a knowledge-based agent: understanding the application domain, modeling problem solving in that domain, developing the ontology, learning the reasoning rules, and testing the agent. The book focuses on a special class of agents: cognitive assistants for evidence-based reasoning that learn complex problem-solving expertise directly from human experts, support experts, and nonexperts in problem solving and decision making, and teach their problem-solving expertise to students. A powerful learning agent shell, Disciple-EBR, is included with the book, enabling students, practitioners, and researchers to develop cognitive assistants rapidly in a wide variety of domains that require evidence-based reasoning, including intelligence analysis, cybersecurity, law, forensics, medicine, and education.

Introduction to Bio Ontologies

Introduction to Bio Ontologies
Author: Peter N. Robinson,Sebastian Bauer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 517
Release: 2011-06-22
ISBN: 1439836663
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Bio Ontologies Book Excerpt:

Introduction to Bio-Ontologies explores the computational background of ontologies. Emphasizing computational and algorithmic issues surrounding bio-ontologies, this self-contained text helps readers understand ontological algorithms and their applications. The first part of the book defines ontology and bio-ontologies. It also explains the importance of mathematical logic for understanding concepts of inference in bio-ontologies, discusses the probability and statistics topics necessary for understanding ontology algorithms, and describes ontology languages, including OBO (the preeminent language for bio-ontologies), RDF, RDFS, and OWL. The second part covers significant bio-ontologies and their applications. The book presents the Gene Ontology; upper-level ontologies, such as the Basic Formal Ontology and the Relation Ontology; and current bio-ontologies, including several anatomy ontologies, Chemical Entities of Biological Interest, Sequence Ontology, Mammalian Phenotype Ontology, and Human Phenotype Ontology. The third part of the text introduces the major graph-based algorithms for bio-ontologies. The authors discuss how these algorithms are used in overrepresentation analysis, model-based procedures, semantic similarity analysis, and Bayesian networks for molecular biology and biomedical applications. With a focus on computational reasoning topics, the final part describes the ontology languages of the Semantic Web and their applications for inference. It covers the formal semantics of RDF and RDFS, OWL inference rules, a key inference algorithm, the SPARQL query language, and the state of the art for querying OWL ontologies. Web Resource Software and data designed to complement material in the text are available on the book’s website: http://bio-ontologies-book.org The site provides the R Robo package developed for the book, along with a compressed archive of data and ontology files used in some of the exercises. It also offers teaching/presentation slides and links to other relevant websites. This book provides readers with the foundation to use ontologies as a starting point for new bioinformatics research projects or to support current molecular genetics research projects. By supplying a self-contained introduction to OBO ontologies and the Semantic Web, it bridges the gap between both fields and helps readers see what each can contribute to the analysis and understanding of biomedical data.

The Black Book of the Admiralty

The Black Book of the Admiralty
Author: Travers Twiss
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 500
Release: 1873
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Black Book of the Admiralty Book Excerpt:

Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering

Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering
Author: Juan de Lara,Andrea Zisman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 534
Release: 2012-03-22
ISBN: 3642288723
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering, FASE 2012, held in Tallinn, Estonia, in March/April 2012, as part of ETAPS 2012, the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software. The 33 full papers presented together with one full length invited talk were carefully reviewed and slected from 134 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on software architecture and components, services, verification and monitoring, intermodelling and model transformations, modelling and adaptation, product lines and feature-oriented programming, development process, verification and synthesis, testing and maintenance, and slicing and refactoring.

Applications and Developments in Semantic Process Mining

Applications and Developments in Semantic Process Mining
Author: Okoye, Kingsley
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2020-04-10
ISBN: 1799826708
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications and Developments in Semantic Process Mining Book Excerpt:

As technology becomes increasingly intelligent, various factors within the field of data science are seeing significant transformation. Process analysis is one area that is undergoing substantial development due to the implementation of semantic reasoning and web technologies. The congruence of these two systems has created various applications and developments in data processing and analysis across several professional fields. Applications and Developments in Semantic Process Mining is an essential reference source that discusses the improvement of process mining algorithms through the implementation of semantic modeling and representation. Featuring research on topics such as domain ontologies, fuzzy modeling, and information extraction, the book takes into account the different stages of process mining and its application in real time and then expounds the classical process mining techniques to semantical preparation of the extracted models for further analysis and querying at a more abstract level. The book provides a wide-ranging idea of the application and development of semantic process mining that is expected to be beneficial and used by professionals, software and data engineers, software developers, IT experts, business owners and entrepreneurs, and process analysts.

The Psychology of Reasoning

The Psychology of Reasoning
Author: Eugenio Rignano
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 395
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9780415209724
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Psychology of Reasoning Book Excerpt:

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Origin and Nature of Secularism

The Origin and Nature of Secularism
Author: George Jacob Holyoake
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 136
Release: 1896
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Origin and Nature of Secularism Book Excerpt:

Ontology Engineering

Ontology Engineering
Author: Elisa F. Kendall,Deborah L. McGuinness
Publsiher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2019-04-26
ISBN: 1681733099
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ontology Engineering Book Excerpt:

Ontologies have become increasingly important as the use of knowledge graphs, machine learning, natural language processing (NLP), and the amount of data generated on a daily basis has exploded. As of 2014, 90% of the data in the digital universe was generated in the two years prior, and the volume of data was projected to grow from 3.2 zettabytes to 40 zettabytes in the next six years. The very real issues that government, research, and commercial organizations are facing in order to sift through this amount of information to support decision-making alone mandate increasing automation. Yet, the data profiling, NLP, and learning algorithms that are ground-zero for data integration, manipulation, and search provide less than satisfactory results unless they utilize terms with unambiguous semantics, such as those found in ontologies and well-formed rule sets. Ontologies can provide a rich "schema" for the knowledge graphs underlying these technologies as well as the terminological and semantic basis for dramatic improvements in results. Many ontology projects fail, however, due at least in part to a lack of discipline in the development process. This book, motivated by the Ontology 101 tutorial given for many years at what was originally the Semantic Technology Conference (SemTech) and then later from a semester-long university class, is designed to provide the foundations for ontology engineering. The book can serve as a course textbook or a primer for all those interested in ontologies.

Computational Intelligence Methods for Bioinformatics and Biostatistics

Computational Intelligence Methods for Bioinformatics and Biostatistics
Author: Francesco Masulli,Leif Peterson,Roberto Tagliaferri
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2010-07-30
ISBN: 364214571X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Intelligence Methods for Bioinformatics and Biostatistics Book Excerpt:

Annotation. This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Sixth International Meeting on Computational Intelligence Methods for Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, CIBB 2009, held in Genova, Italy, in October 2009. The revised 23 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 57 submissions. The main goal of the CIBB meetings is to provide a forum open to researchers from different disciplines to present and discuss problems concerning computational techniques in tools for bioinformatics, gene expression analysis and new perspectives in bioinformatics together with 4 special sessions on using game-theoretical tools in bioinformatics, combining Bayesian and machine learning approaches in bioinformatics: state of the art and future perspectives, data clustering and bioinformatics (DCB 2009) and on intelligent systems for medical decisions support (ISMDS 2009).

Principles and Practice of Semantic Web Reasoning

Principles and Practice of Semantic Web Reasoning
Author: Hans J. Ohlbach,Sebastian Schaffert
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2004-09-21
ISBN: 3540301224
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles and Practice of Semantic Web Reasoning Book Excerpt:

The best informal de?nition of the Semantic Web is maybe found in the May 2001Scienti?cAmericanarticle“TheSemanticWeb”(Berners-Leeetal. ),which says“TheSemanticWebisanextensionofthecurrentWebinwhichinformation is given well-de?ned meaning, better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation. ” People who work on the Semantic Web quite often base their work on the famous “semantic web tower”, a product of Tim Berners-Lee’s inspiring drawing on whiteboards. The lowest level is the level of character representation (Unicode) and the identi?cation of resources on the Web (URIs). The highest level concerns the problem of trusting information on the Web. Somewhere in the middle of the tower is the logic level. It addresses the problem of represe- ing information on the Web in a way so that inference rules can derive implicit information from explicitly stated information. The workshop “Principles and Practices of Semantic Web Reasoning” (PPSWR 2004) addressed problems on this level. It took place in September 2004 as a satellite event of the 20th Int- national Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP) in St. Malo, France. After PPSWR 2003 in Mumbai, India, it was the second workshop in this series. This book contains the articles presented at the workshop.

Cognitive Unconscious and Human Rationality

Cognitive Unconscious and Human Rationality
Author: Laura Macchi,Maria Bagassi,Riccardo Viale
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2016-03-18
ISBN: 0262034085
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Unconscious and Human Rationality Book Excerpt:

Examining the role of implicit, unconscious thinking on reasoning, decision making, problem solving, creativity, and its neurocognitive basis, for a genuinely psychological conception of rationality. This volume contributes to a current debate within the psychology of thought that has wide implications for our ideas about creativity, decision making, and economic behavior. The essays focus on the role of implicit, unconscious thinking in creativity and problem solving, the interaction of intuition and analytic thinking, and the relationship between communicative heuristics and thought. The analyses move beyond the conventional conception of mind informed by extra-psychological theoretical models toward a genuinely psychological conception of rationality—a rationality no longer limited to conscious, explicit thought, but able to exploit the intentional implicit level. The contributors consider a new conception of human rationality that must cope with the uncertainty of the real world; the implications of abandoning the normative model of classic logic and adopting a probabilistic approach instead; the argumentative and linguistic aspects of reasoning; and the role of implicit thought in reasoning, creativity, and its neurological base. Contributors Maria Bagassi, Linden J. Ball, Jean Baratgin, Aron K. Barbey, Tilmann Betsch, Eric Billaut, Jean-François Bonnefon, Pierre Bonnier, Shira Elqayam, Keith Frankish, Gerd Gigerenzer, Ken Gilhooly, Denis Hilton, Anna Lang, Stefanie Lindow, Laura Macchi, Hugo Mercier, Giuseppe Mosconi, Ian R. Newman, Mike Oaksford, David Over, Guy Politzer, Johannes Ritter, Steven A. Sloman, Edward J. N. Stupple, Ron Sun, Nicole H. Therriault, Valerie A. Thompson, Emmanuel Trouche-Raymond, Riccardo Viale

Advances in Internet Data and Web Technologies

Advances in Internet  Data and Web Technologies
Author: Leonard Barolli,Fatos Xhafa,Zahoor Ali Khan,Hamad Odhabi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 579
Release: 2019-02-05
ISBN: 3030128393
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Internet Data and Web Technologies Book Excerpt:

This book presents original contributions on the theories and practices of emerging Internet, Data and Web technologies and their applications in businesses, engineering and academia. As a key feature, it addresses advances in the life-cycle exploitation of data generated by digital ecosystem technologies. The Internet has become the most proliferative platform for emerging large-scale computing paradigms. Among these, Data and Web technologies are two of the most prominent paradigms, manifesting in a variety of forms such as Data Centers, Cloud Computing, Mobile Cloud, Mobile Web Services, and so on. These technologies altogether create a digital ecosystem whose cornerstone is the data cycle, from capturing to processing, analysis and visualization. The need to investigate various research and development issues in this digital ecosystem has been made even more pressing by the ever-increasing demands of real-life applications, which are based on storing and processing large amounts of data. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable asset for all researchers, software developers, practitioners and students interested in the field of Data and Web technologies.

Marxism in Britain

Marxism in Britain
Author: Keith Laybourn
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2006-03-29
ISBN: 1134351658
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marxism in Britain Book Excerpt:

Since the Second World War, Marxism in Britain has declined almost to the point of oblivion. The Communist Party of Great Britain had more than 50,000 members in the early 1940s, but less than 5,000 when it disbanded in 1991. Dissenting and Trotskyist organisations experienced a very similar decline, although there has been a late flowering of Marxism in Scotland. Based on the Communist Party archives at Manchester, this text examines the decline over the last sixty years. Dealing with the impact of the Cold War upon British Marxism, the book looks at how international events such as the Soviet invasions of Hungary and Czechslovakia affected the Communist Party of Great Britain. The issues of Marxism and Britain’s withdrawal from the Empire are also addressed, as are the Marxist influence upon British industrial relations and its involvement in the feminist movement. Focusing on the current debate in British Marxist history over the influence of Moscow and Stalinism on the Communist Party, Keith Laybourn explores the ways in which this issue, which divides historians, undermined Marxism in Britain.

Problems of Communism

Problems of Communism
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1958
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Communism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Problems of Communism Book Excerpt: