The Righteous Mind

The Righteous Mind
Author: Jonathan Haidt
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2013
ISBN: 9780141039169
Category: Ethics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Righteous Mind Book Excerpt:

Why can it sometimes feel as though half the population is living in a different moral universe? Why do ideas such as 'fairness' and 'freedom' mean such different things to different people? And why do political views which conflict with our own often seem illogical? Social psychologist Jonathan Haidt reveals how the conflict, self-righteousness and hypocrisy that can make it so hard for us to get along are actually the natural expression of our moral minds. Drawing on twenty-five years of groundbreaking research, Haidt shows how moral judgments arise not from reason but from intuition, and why we evolved to be this way. Morality binds and blinds, but this book will help you to see and understand your friends, enemies and fellow citizens as never before. 'If you want to know why you hold your moral beliefs and why many people disagree with you, read this book.' Simon Baron-Cohen, author of The Essential Difference 'A truly seminal book.' David Goodhart, Prospect 'A tour de force - brave, brilliant, and eloquent. It will challenge the way you think about liberals and conservatives, atheism and religion, good and evil.' Paul Bloom, author of How Pleasure Works 'Compelling . . . a fluid combination of erudition and entertainment.' Ian Birrell, Observer 'Lucid and thought-provoking . . . deserves to be widely read.' Jenni Russell, Sunday Times

The Righteous Mind

The Righteous Mind
Author: Jonathan Haidt
Publsiher: Vintage
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2012-03-13
ISBN: 0307907031
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Righteous Mind Book Excerpt:

The bestseller that challenges conventional thinking about morality, politics, and religion in a way that speaks to conservatives and liberals alike—a “landmark contribution to humanity’s understanding of itself” (The New York Times Book Review). Drawing on his twenty-five years of groundbreaking research on moral psychology, social psychologist Jonathan Haidt shows how moral judgments arise not from reason but from gut feelings. He shows why liberals, conservatives, and libertarians have such different intuitions about right and wrong, and he shows why each side is actually right about many of its central concerns. In this subtle yet accessible book, Haidt gives you the key to understanding the miracle of human cooperation, as well as the curse of our eternal divisions and conflicts. If you’re ready to trade in anger for understanding, read The Righteous Mind.

The Happiness Hypothesis

The Happiness Hypothesis
Author: Jonathan Haidt
Publsiher: Basic Books
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2006-12-26
ISBN: 9780465028023
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Happiness Hypothesis Book Excerpt:

The bestselling author of The Righteous Mind draws on philosophical wisdom and scientific research to show how the meaningful life is closer than you think The Happiness Hypothesis is a book about ten Great Ideas. Each chapter is an attempt to savor one idea that has been discovered by several of the world's civilizations--to question it in light of what we now know from scientific research, and to extract from it the lessons that still apply to our modern lives and illuminate the causes of human flourishing. Award-winning psychologist Jonathan Haidt, the author of The Righteous Mind, shows how a deeper understanding of the world's philosophical wisdom and its enduring maxims--like "do unto others as you would have others do unto you," or "what doesn't kill you makes you stronger"--can enrich and even transform our lives.

The Constitution of Knowledge

The Constitution of Knowledge
Author: Jonathan Rauch
Publsiher: Brookings Institution Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2021-06-22
ISBN: 0815738870
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Constitution of Knowledge Book Excerpt:

Arming Americans to defend the truth from today’s war on facts Disinformation. Trolling. Conspiracies. Social media pile-ons. Campus intolerance. On the surface, these recent additions to our daily vocabulary appear to have little in common. But together, they are driving an epistemic crisis: a multi-front challenge to America’s ability to distinguish fact from fiction and elevate truth above falsehood. In 2016 Russian trolls and bots nearly drowned the truth in a flood of fake news and conspiracy theories, and Donald Trump and his troll armies continued to do the same. Social media companies struggled to keep up with a flood of falsehoods, and too often didn’t even seem to try. Experts and some public officials began wondering if society was losing its grip on truth itself. Meanwhile, another new phenomenon appeared: “cancel culture.” At the push of a button, those armed with a cellphone could gang up by the thousands on anyone who ran afoul of their sanctimony. In this pathbreaking book, Jonathan Rauch reaches back to the parallel eighteenth-century developments of liberal democracy and science to explain what he calls the “Constitution of Knowledge”—our social system for turning disagreement into truth. By explicating the Constitution of Knowledge and probing the war on reality, Rauch arms defenders of truth with a clearer understanding of what they must protect, why they must do—and how they can do it. His book is a sweeping and readable description of how every American can help defend objective truth and free inquiry from threats as far away as Russia and as close as the cellphone.

Rooted in Decency

Rooted in Decency
Author: Colleen Doyle Bryant
Publsiher: Colleen Doyle Bryant
Total Pages: 197
Release: 2022-08-15
ISBN: 0984905677
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rooted in Decency Book Excerpt:

What happened to common decency? And how do we get to more kindness and cooperation? Take a quick scan of the headlines and… wow. From disrespect to elaborate deceptions, it’s easy to question whether indecency has taken root in our society. Some people are doing what they think is “right” while others are wondering how they could do something so terribly, morally “wrong.” It can make you wonder, Do we even share common values anymore? Rooted in Decency reveals some surprising reasons behind why people are acting so divisively toward each other and why that can make life feel so off-balance. While it’s based on intriguing research from modern science to ancient moral philosophy, Rooted in Decency is written in straightforward language for a busy audience. Each chapter is a short conversation that presents brilliant insights—from neuroscience to happiness science, from Aristotle to Buddha—that bring new light to today’s moral dilemmas. Find intriguing discussions like: Why people are so willing to believe lies How happiness is tied to self-respect Which core values the world’s major religions have in common Why you can't shame someone into agreeing with you Taken alone, each chapter offers an “a-ha” insight that can change the tone of how we relate to each other. Or, journey through all the chapters and discover that we do, in fact, share common values—and discover actionable steps that can help society get back to a place that’s rooted in decency.

The Restorative Justice Ritual

The Restorative Justice Ritual
Author: Lindsey Pointer
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2020-12-24
ISBN: 1000331873
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Restorative Justice Ritual Book Excerpt:

Restorative justice is an innovative approach to responding to crime and conflict that shifts the focus away from laws and punishment to instead consider the harm caused and what is needed to repair that harm and make things right. Interest in restorative justice is rapidly expanding, with new applications continuously emerging around the world. The restorative philosophy and conference process have shown great promise in providing a justice response that heals individuals and strengthens the community. Still, a few key questions remain unanswered. First, how is the personal and relational transformation apparent in the restorative justice process achieved? What can be done to safeguard and enhance that effectiveness? Second, can restorative justice satisfy the wider public’s need for a reaffirmation of communal norms following a crime, particularly in comparison to the criminal trial? And finally, given its primary focus on making amends at an interpersonal level, does restorative justice routinely fail to address larger, structural injustices? This book engages with these three critical questions through an understanding of restorative justice as a ritual. It proffers three dominant ritual functions related to the performance of justice: the normative, the transformative, and the proleptic. Two justice rituals, namely, the criminal trial and the restorative justice conference, are examined through this framework in order to understand how each process fulfills, or fails to fulfill, the multifaceted human need for justice. The book will be of interest to students, academics, and practitioners working in the areas of Restorative Justice, Criminal Law, and Criminology.

12 Rules for Christian Activists

12 Rules for Christian Activists
Author: Ellen Louden
Publsiher: Canterbury Press
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2020-04-30
ISBN: 1786222442
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

12 Rules for Christian Activists Book Excerpt:

If you’ve ever browsed the self-help sections of any bookshop, you’d be forgiven for thinking that all we need to do in order to have a better life is to work hard, take exercise and get thin. Yet Christian activism calls us to a bigger vision of what life is for. It dares to suggest that Christians change the world for the better. In 12 Rules for Christian Activists, Ellen Louden and a host of contributors present 12 accessible and practical principles to encourage a new generation to create a movement for positive social change. Each chapter combines clear theological insight with inspiring stories told by activists and practitioners, including Naomi Maynard (activist researcher), Richard Peers (spiritual director), Angus Ritchie (Director, Centre for Theology and Community), and Nadine Daniel (Church of England National Refugee Coordinator).

The Art of Authenticity

The Art of Authenticity
Author: Karissa Thacker
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2016-03-07
ISBN: 1119153425
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Art of Authenticity Book Excerpt:

Leverage your authentic self into a valuable leadership strategy The Art of Authenticity is a guide to becoming a better leader by achieving your best self. All people bring different sides of themselves to various situations. This book will show you how to broaden and deepen your effectiveness by presenting the most appropriate side of yourself. Dr. Karissa Thacker is the management psychologist called on by over two hundred Fortune 500 companies to work with high potential leaders. This book provides you with her expert guidance, based on validated psychological research and artful application of psychological principles to actual business situations, to help you become an authentic leader. You'll learn how to lead through reflection, action, and conscious choice, and how to maintain your guiding principles while effectively leading your team. By replacing habitual reactions with authentic ones, you'll find that you're modeling good behavior and effective decision-making—and that authenticity is contagious. This guide equips you with the tools and skills you need to be the catalyst of positive change your organization needs. How do you remain authentic while being an effective leader? This book argues that the question isn't a duality. Authenticity is the best way to lead, and the only way to maintain sustainable success as an organization. This insightful guide shows you how to find your authentic self, and leverage that into an effective, executable leadership strategy. Become authentic in a way that befits your values Show loyalty, honesty, ethics, and consideration Maintain authenticity in leadership roles Make conscious choices instead of blind reactions Some are born to lead, other must be taught, but all leaders must work to retain their own values and basic sense of self. A simple pause can mean the difference between a knee-jerk reaction and an authentic decision, and the effects ripple throughout your organization. The Art of Authenticity is your guidebook to finding the true authentic leader within, and leading from the inside out for the long haul.

On Purpose

On Purpose
Author: Paul Froese
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 245
Release: 2016
ISBN: 0199948909
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

On Purpose Book Excerpt:

From the start, Froese admits that the answer to the question is deceptively simple: our purpose is whatever we imagine it to be. But what we imagine our purpose to be depends on innumerable factors beyond our control: our wealth, race, education level, upbringing, past experiences, and community. Froese argues that one's surroundings serve as a kind of soil that can either nurture purpose or foster meaninglessness. Framing the book around six key questions, Froese refuses to collapse the meaning of life into a single authoritative answer, as self-help gurus do. Instead, he deconstructs each question to reveal the social pathways that guide people to distinctive answers. Through lively, engaging storytelling that mixes data and analysis with literary and historical examples of the quest for purpose, Froese sheds new light on a timeless and all-too-human quandary.

Political Philosophy

Political Philosophy
Author: Anthony C. Patton
Publsiher: Algora Publishing
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2017-11-10
ISBN: 1628942878
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Political Philosophy Book Excerpt:

Transformational Leadership

Transformational Leadership
Author: Sanders, Annmarie, IHM
Publsiher: Orbis Books
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015-09-01
ISBN: 1608336034
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transformational Leadership Book Excerpt:

The Psychopathology of Political Ideologies

The Psychopathology of Political Ideologies
Author: Robert Samuels
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2021-09-29
ISBN: 1000457249
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Psychopathology of Political Ideologies Book Excerpt:

Inspired by Freud’s The Psychopathology of Everyday Life, this book examines the unconscious processes shaping contemporary political ideologies. Addressing ten fundamental questions, Robert Samuels identifies four basic political ideologies: liberal, conservative, Left, and Right, which are often placed in the structure of a logical square, determined by two binary oppositions, with a fifth structure of centrism complicating the square. He turns to psychoanalysis to explain the unconscious defense mechanisms that structure these political ideologies. Each chapter uses a recent, influential title as a gateway to the analysis of the ideologies and structures identified. Through this analysis, Samuels argues that belief in ideological structures is tied to triumvirates of institutions and ideals; conservatives being tied to premodern institutions of religion, feudalism, and monarchy, while modern liberals are tied to ideals of universality, objectivity, and empiricism. He concludes that this investment in universality shapes the ethics of modern globalization and democratic liberalism. Unlike other books, conclusions are reinforced through examples drawn from current events with an integrated model of different psychopathologies. The Psychopathology of Political Ideologies moves beyond providing an understanding of what drives different political investments, to offer a more rational and conscious comprehension of subjectivity and social organization. This book will be a great resource for those interested in politics, political science psychology, social psychology, globalization, and ideology.

Socio Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry Volume 2 Issue 2

Socio Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry  Volume 2  Issue 2
Author: Darren M. Slade
Publsiher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2020-11-06
ISBN: 1725262908
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Socio Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry Volume 2 Issue 2 Book Excerpt:

Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry (SHERM journal) is a biannual, not-for-profit, free peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes the latest social-scientific, historiographic, and ecclesiastic research on religious institutions and their ministerial practices. SHERM is dedicated to the critical and scholarly inquiry of historical and contemporary religious phenomena, both from within particular religious traditions and across cultural boundaries, so as to inform the broader socio-historical analysis of religion and its related fields of study. The purpose of SHERM is to provide a scholarly medium for the social-scientific study of religion where specialists can publish advanced studies on religious trends, theologies, rituals, philosophies, socio-political influences, or experimental and applied ministry research in the hopes of generating enthusiasm for the vocational and academic study of religion while fostering collegiality among religious specialists. Its mission is to provide academics, professionals, and nonspecialists with critical reflections and evidence-based insights into the socio-historical study of religion and, where appropriate, its implications for ministry and expressions of religiosity.

Breaking the Two Party Doom Loop

Breaking the Two Party Doom Loop
Author: Lee Drutman
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 357
Release: 2020
ISBN: 0190913851
Category: Democracy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Breaking the Two Party Doom Loop Book Excerpt:

American democracy is in crisis, but nobody seems to know what to do about it. Breaking the Two-Party Doom Loop offers a big and bold plan. The true crisis of American democracy is that two parties are too few. Deftly weaving together history, theory and political science research, Drutman shows the only to break the binary, zero-sum toxic partisanship is to break it apart. America needs more partisanship, rather than less, but in the form of more parties.In this wide-ranging, learned, but highly accessible book, Drutman charts an exciting path forward that might just save the country.

Management and the Sustainability Paradox

Management and the Sustainability Paradox
Author: David M. Wasieleski,Sandra Waddock,Paul Shrivastava
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2020-07-21
ISBN: 1315468751
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Management and the Sustainability Paradox Book Excerpt:

Management and the Sustainability Paradox is about how humans became disconnected from their ecological environment throughout evolutionary history. Begining with the premise that people have competing innate, natural drives linked to survival. Survival can be thought of in the context of long-term genetic propagation of a species, but at the same time, it involves overcoming of immediate adversities. Due to a diverse set of survival challenges facing our ancestors, natural selection often favored short-term solutions, which by consequence, muted the motivations associated with longer-range sustainability values. Managerial decisions and choices mostly adopt a moral calculus of costs versus benefits. Managers invoke economic and corporate growth to justify virtually any action. It is this moral calculus underlying corporate behavior that needs critical examination and reformation. At the heart of it lie deep moral questions that we examine in this book, with the goal of proposing ethical solutions to the paradox. Management and the Sustainability Paradox examines the issue that there appears to be an inherent paradox between what some businesses view as "a need for progress" and " a concern for sustainability". In business, we often see a collision between ideas of progress and sustainability which shapes corporate actions, and managerial decisions. Typical corporate views of progress involve the creation of wealth, jobs, innovative products, and social philanthropic projects. On the basis of these "progressive" actions they justify their inequitable distribution of surpluses by paying low wages and exploiting ecological resources. It is not difficult to see the antagonistic interplay between technological and social innovation with our values for social and environmental well-being and a dualism that needs to be overcome. This book is intended for a broad appeal to an academic and policy maker audience in the sustainability and management fields. The book will be of vital reading for managers seeking to reconnect our human chain with the natural environment in the cause of sustainable business.

Prejudice and Policymaking

Prejudice and Policymaking
Author: Daniel Hummel
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 125
Release: 2021-08-11
ISBN: 1793612544
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prejudice and Policymaking Book Excerpt:

This is the study of anti-Sharia laws in the United States. Ideological and religious factors matter the most for the existence of these laws.

God s Command

God s Command
Author: John E. Hare
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2015-10-29
ISBN: 0191063495
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

God s Command Book Excerpt:

This work focuses on divine command, and in particular the theory that what makes something obligatory is that God commands it, and what makes something wrong is that God commands us not to do it. Focusing on the Abrahamic faiths, eminent scholar John E. Hare explains that two experiences have had to be integrated. The first is that God tells us to do something, or not to do something. The second is that we have to work out ourselves what to do and what not to do. The difficulty has come in establishing the proper relation between them. In Christian reflection on this, two main traditions have emerged, divine command theory and natural law theory. Hare successfully defends a version of divine command theory, but also shows that there is considerable overlap with some versions of natural law theory. He engages with a number of Christian theologians, particularly Karl Barth, and extends into a discussion of divine command within Judaism and Islam. The work concludes by examining recent work in evolutionary psychology, and argues that thinking of our moral obligations as produced by divine command offers us some help in seeing how a moral conscience could develop in a way that is evolutionarily stable.

Rationalist Bias in Communication Theory

Rationalist Bias in Communication Theory
Author: Shedletsky, Leonard
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 355
Release: 2021-06-04
ISBN: 1799874419
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rationalist Bias in Communication Theory Book Excerpt:

While communication theory has not recognized the implications of the social intuitionist model, psychologists have gathered an impressive body of evidence to support the theory. In social cognition research, there was the idea that human inferential processes are conscious, rational, logical, and accurate, and this belief continues somewhat in the behavioral sciences although there is evidence that it is incorrect. A fresh examination is needed on just how these inferences by the receiver and the implications by the sender, carried out at high speed, impact our understanding of the communication process. Simply put, until now the default case in communication theory is the belief that we consciously reason and then we act. However, that may not be entirely true. Rationalist Bias in Communication Theory applies social intuition theory to human communication. This book explores how research has missed accounting for a critical fact about human communication in the theories of communication, namely that we as humans can respond to one another and to all kinds of stimuli faster than we can deliberate. By applying intuitive cognition to communication, a new light can be shed on the communication process, which is what the chapters prove and discuss. This book is valuable for social scientists, practitioners, researchers, academicians, and students interested in new theories in communication theory.

Return to Point Zero

Return to Point Zero
Author: Murat Somer
Publsiher: State University of New York Press
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2022-07-01
ISBN: 1438486731
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Return to Point Zero Book Excerpt:

How did the Kurdish-Turkish Conflict arise? Why have Turks and Kurds failed for so long to solve it? How can they solve it today? How can social scientists better analyze this and other protracted conflicts and propose better prescriptions for sustainable peace? Return to Point Zero develops a novel framework for analyzing the historical-structural and contemporary causes of ethnic-national conflicts, highlighting an understudied dimension: politics. Murat Somer argues that intra-majority group politics rather than majority-minority differences better explains ethnic-national conflicts. Hence, the political-ideological divisions among Turks are the key to understanding the Turkish-Kurdish Conflict; though it was nationalism that produced the Kurdish Question during late-Ottoman imperial modernization, political elite decisions by the Turks created the Kurdish Conflict during the post-imperial nation-state building. Today, ideational rigidities reinforce the conflict. Analyzing this conflict from "pre-modern" times to today, Somer emphasizes two distinct periods: the formative era of 1918–1926 and the post-2011 reformative period. Somer argues that during the formative era, political elites inadequately addressed three fundamental dilemmas of security, identity, and cooperation and includes a discussion of how the legacy of those political elite decisions impacted and framed peace attempts that have failed in the 1990s and 2010s. Return to Point Zero develops new concepts to analyze conflicts and concrete conflict-resolution proposals.

The Anthem Companion to Raymond Aron

The Anthem Companion to Raymond Aron
Author: Joachim Stark,Christopher Adair-Toteff
Publsiher: Anthem Press
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2021-12-07
ISBN: 1839980044
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Anthem Companion to Raymond Aron Book Excerpt:

Raymond Aron is an exceptional figure among twentieth-century sociological and political thinkers. The book focuses on the sociological work of this author of the century, who analyzed his age both in its grand-scale political and socio-economic traits and in the complex social ramifications of its day-to-day life. Aron experts from a total of seven countries examine Aron’s sociology in detail starting with his road from philosophy to sociology not least under the impression of the Great Depression and its aftermath, especially the rise of National Socialism in Germany. His epistemological studies on the limits of objective knowledge in history and the social sciences in which he moves away from Durkheim's approach and instead adopts Max Weber's sociology of understanding are analysed. This acknowledgment of the limits of knowledge laid the foundations for Aron’s liberalism and humanism. His sociology of industrial society as an economy of economic growth in its market economy and planned economy versions, its social stratification, his criticism of the Marxist concept of social class, the structure of the ruling elites and the pluralistic and one-party, totalitarian political regimes are presented, as is Aron's analysis of the dialectic of modern society between the idea of equality and the authority structures in the state and the economic process. This is accompanied by Aron's lifelong criticism of those intellectuals above all in the pluralist and liberal democracies who hope that a messianic ideology will abolish all social contradictions. Aron’s sociology of international relations in the age of industrial society and globalization, which for Aron brought about the dawn of universal history, complete the overview of Raymond Aron's sociological work.