The Role of China in Global Dirty Industry Migration

The Role of China in Global Dirty Industry Migration
Author: Haitian Lu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2008-03-31
ISBN: 1780632363
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Role of China in Global Dirty Industry Migration Book Excerpt:

The first book to comprehensively analyze the regulation of dirty industry migration - a global issue that has complex economic, environmental and social implications. The book examines the mechanisms of regulation of dirty industry migration under internal trade, investment, environment and human rights laws. Other than international law, the host and home country regulation of dirty industry migration in the context of domestic laws and policies are examined. Finally, this book critically evaluates the voluntary codes relating to corporate environmental citizenship and social responsibility which bear implications on the regulation of dirty industry migration. Based on detailed and up-to-date research

Truths and Half Truths

Truths and Half Truths
Author: Ferdinand Gul,Haitian Lu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2011-06-30
ISBN: 1780632770
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Truths and Half Truths Book Excerpt:

Truths and Half Truths is aimed at economic and social science academics and students who are interested in the dynamics of China’s institutional development and societal transformation. Covering the complexity of the social, economic, and governance reforms behind the economic miracles achieved by China since its reform in 1978, and particularly in the past twenty years, this book provides much needed insight and critical thinking on major aspects of China’s reform. Topics include employment, environment, anti-poverty; urbanization and rural development; education, corruption, political regime and media. Readers will be able to re-evaluate the costs and benefits of China’s modernization from a point-of-view of sustainability. Written by highly knowledgeable and well respected academics in law and economics with decades of experience in China studies Provides an insight from academic points of view written in a reader-friendly journalistic style An integrated monograph; each chapter addresses a particular area of reform and can be read independently

China India and the International Economic Order

China  India and the International Economic Order
Author: Muthucumaraswamy Sornarajah,Jiangyu Wang
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2010-08-26
ISBN: 1139487701
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

China India and the International Economic Order Book Excerpt:

With contributions by a variety of internationally distinguished scholars on international law, world trade, business law and development, this unique examination of the roles of China and India in the new world economy adopts the perspectives of international economic law and comparative law. The two countries are compared with respect to issues concerning trade and development, the World Trade Organization, international dispute settlement, regional/free trade agreements, outsourcing, international investment, foreign investment, corporate governance, competition law and policy, and law and development in general. The findings demonstrate that, though their domestic approaches to economic issues diverge, China and India adopt similar stances at the international level on many major issues, recapturing images which existed during the immediate post-colonial era. Cooperation between China and India could provide leadership in the struggle for economic development in developing countries.

Environmental Economic Geography in China

Environmental Economic Geography in China
Author: Canfei He,Xiyan Mao
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2020-10-17
ISBN: 9811589917
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Economic Geography in China Book Excerpt:

This book contributes to the understanding of environment–economy relations from the perspective of economic geography, grounded in the institutional context of China. It demonstrates how classical economic geographies, new economic geographies, and geographies of economic globalization work together to affect the environment. It covers a series of classical topics like industrial location and industrial dynamics and some emerging fields like industrial evolution and global–local interaction and links them to environmental performance in China. The findings in this book echo the call for developing a more comprehensive and systematic research agenda of environmental economic geography. This book offers researchers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduate students in related fields both theoretical and practical considerations of environmental economic geography. It also offers insights into the policy-making relevant to China’s greening efforts.

Foreign Direct Investment in Large Scale Agriculture in Africa

Foreign Direct Investment in Large Scale Agriculture in Africa
Author: Atkeyelsh G. M. Persson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2019-05-02
ISBN: 0429670796
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foreign Direct Investment in Large Scale Agriculture in Africa Book Excerpt:

This book examines environmental sustainability and inclusive economic growth, providing in-depth analysis of foreign direct investment (FDI) in large-scale agriculture in Ethiopia. In most African states, arable land and other natural resources play a pivotal role for economic growth and development. Ethiopia is one of those countries where agriculture is the backbone of the economy. This sector has also been an attraction for FDI in Sub-Saharan Africa since the global food and financial crisis of 2007 and 2008. This book uses six foreign investments in large-scale agriculture as case studies to examine current Ethiopian policies, the patterns of investment they promote, how these impact on land-based resources and communities’ wellbeing. Presenting analyses of the economic, social and political realities of foreign direct investment in the local context, Foreign Direct Investment in Large-Scale Agriculture in Africa discusses how the fundamental principles of pro-poor and environmentally sustainable investments intersect with the government’s ambition to advance Ethiopia’s development agenda. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of African economics and sustainable development, African policy makers, intergovernmental organisations as well as multilateral and bilateral development partners.

Financial Sector Reform and the International Integration of China

Financial Sector Reform and the International Integration of China
Author: Zhongmin Wu
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2009-04-14
ISBN: 1134104766
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Financial Sector Reform and the International Integration of China Book Excerpt:

China's economy, which continues to grow rapidly, is having an ever greater impact on the rest of the world. This impact is likely to be felt increasingly in the financial sector where China's foreign currency reserves, fuelled by the huge trade surplus, are a very significant factor in world financial markets. This book, based on extensive original research by a range of leading experts, examines many key aspects of current reforms in China's financial sector and China's increasing integration into the international economy. Subjects covered amongst many others include: the derivatives market in China; stock market liberalisation; the internationalization of accounting standards in China; the impact of international foreign direct investment by Chinese firms; and a discussion of the likely long-term economic effects of the Beijing Olympic Games.

Transition of the Yangtze River Delta

Transition of the Yangtze River Delta
Author: Zhibiao Liu,Xiaochun Li
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 241
Release: 2015-02-02
ISBN: 4431551786
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transition of the Yangtze River Delta Book Excerpt:

This is the first English book that presents a professional analysis of the recent dynamic movement of the Chinese economy by focusing on the Yangtze River Delta region, which is the main engine of the Chinese economy. The impact of the international financial crisis on China’s economic development requires a change from the first wave of economic globalization oriented toward exports to the second wave of economic globalization characterized by expanding domestic demand. Taking this economic aspect into consideration, the following are proposed in this book: 1) expansion of the level of openness in the process of increasing domestic demand means shifting the industrial focus from manufacturing to the service industry; 2) promotion of the globalization of local services should be based on the globalization of local manufacturing; 3) the Yangtze River Delta region should aim at its own strategic positioning under new, changed circumstances and should achieve modernization in advance with the concept of integrative development; 4) Establishment of a support system is essential meanwhile for this area to develop an innovative economy and to promote the transition from manufacturing to promoting emerging industries, including a modern service industry. The book has an underlying concept, namely, that the key to economic transformation is to start the development of modern services and that only by transforming the development pattern of the service industry can the transition and upgrade of the economy be effectively achieved. For this purpose further urbanization and advancing the transformation from low-tech to high-tech industries by the effective development of industrial clusters is advocated. To ensure that these conclusions are based on a solid analysis, the authors draw heavily upon empirical analyses employing modern econometric methods and make use of economic theories such as endogenous growth theory and spatial economic theory.

Foreign Firms Investment and Environmental Regulation in the People s Republic of China

Foreign Firms  Investment  and Environmental Regulation in the People s Republic of China
Author: Phillip Stalley
Publsiher: Stanford University Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2010-09-01
ISBN: 0804775141
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foreign Firms Investment and Environmental Regulation in the People s Republic of China Book Excerpt:

This new book takes as its focus a simple yet critical question: Does foreign direct investment lead to weakened environmental regulation, thereby turning developing countries into "pollution havens"? The debate over this question has never before been the focus of a book about China. Phillip Stalley examines the development of Chinese law governing the environmental impact of foreign investors, describes how regional competition for investment has influenced environmental regulation, and analyzes the environmental practices of foreign and Chinese companies. He finds only modest evidence that integration with the global economy has transformed China into a pollution haven. Indeed, after China opened its domestic market, the entry of foreign films largely strengthened the environmental protection regime, including the oversight of foreign firms' environmental practices. Nevertheless, foreign firms (and the competition to lure them) have posed new challenges to controlling industrial pollution. Stalley identifies the conditions under which foreign investment contributes to and undermines environmental protection, offering readers a solid understanding of China's environmental challenges. He also builds on existing theory and provides hypotheses that can be tested with other developing nations.

Special Economic Zones in Asian Market Economies

Special Economic Zones in Asian Market Economies
Author: Connie Carter,Andrew Harding
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2010-09-13
ISBN: 1136901701
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Special Economic Zones in Asian Market Economies Book Excerpt:

Special Economic Zones (SEZs) have proliferated rapidly during the past decade and are set to multiply in the next – embracing not only Asia and Europe but also Africa and the Americas. This book is the first to examine the Asian experience of SEZs in China, India, Malaysia and the Philippines. SEZs are usually clearly defined geographic areas in which national, provincial or local governments use policy tools (such as tax holidays; improved infrastructure; less onerous or differentiated regulations and incentives other than those generally available in the rest of the country) to attract and promote private - usually foreign - investment from enterprises which commit to create employment and to export their products or services, and generating foreign currency for the host country. SEZs have been especially successful in bringing about economic development in Asia, especially in China. This book examines the origins, nature and status of special economic zones in Asia, together with the current trends connected with them, and the challenges they currently face. Although the World Trade Organisation cast doubts in 1995 on the future of special economic zones as a viable policy tool in the development agenda, special economic zones continue to be used, and favoured, as a way of encouraging foreign investment and economic development, with for example India, trying to emulate China, reincorporating special economic zones into its development policy. This book provides regional case studies of SEZs in Asian market economies to analyse the extent to which these zones serve the changing needs of Asian development.

Corporate Social Responsibility in Contemporary China

Corporate Social Responsibility in Contemporary China
Author: Jingchen Zhao
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2014-01-01
ISBN: 1781005583
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corporate Social Responsibility in Contemporary China Book Excerpt:

China's recent economic transformation and integration into the world economy has coincided with increasing pressure for corporate law reform to make corporate social responsibility (CSR) integral to business and management strategy in China. This timely book critically analyses contemporary notions of CSR in China, discussing theory and practice alongside legal responses in this emerging field. Jingchen Zhao uniquely combines the history, traditions and social policies of China with Chinese law, explaining the significance of path dependence in China. He presents an in-depth debate on the difficulties involved in transplanting developed legal principles directly into Chinese society, and takes a detailed look at the CSR provisions in Chinese company law which aimed to put social and environmental concerns onto the corporate agenda. He suggests how these laws could be more effectively and efficiently enforced with reference to UK law, and explores specific issues including: * Chinese Company Law 2006 * the 'Harmonious Society' in China * the 2008 Financial Crisis and its impact on the Chinese economy * recent corporate scandals including the Sanlu Baby Milk scandal, the Wenchuan earthquake and CSR donations, the Beijing Olympic Games and CSR, and the Fujia chemical plant. This book will prove an enlightening read for academics and practitioners in the fields of law, business and management interested in CSR and the law in contemporary China.

Environmental Regulation in the New Global Economy

Environmental Regulation in the New Global Economy
Author: Rhys Jenkins,Jonathan Barton
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2002-07-29
ISBN: 9781781950418
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Regulation in the New Global Economy Book Excerpt:

This book attempts to answer these questions using case studies of three pollution-intensive industries: iron and steel, leather tanning, and fertilizers. Based on in-depth interviews with managers and regulators in Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America, the book illustrates the variety of responses to the conflicting pressures of globalization and environmental protection at corporate and industry levels.

Water Pollution and Abatement Policy in India

Water Pollution and Abatement Policy in India
Author: Debesh Chakraborty,Kakali Mukhopadhyay
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 259
Release: 2014-07-07
ISBN: 9401789290
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Pollution and Abatement Policy in India Book Excerpt:

India has been traditionally well-endowed with large freshwater reserves, but increasing population, urbanization and agricultural growth in recent decades are causing overexploitation of surface and groundwater. As consumption of water grows, wastewater increases significantly and in the absence of proper measures for treatment and management, is polluting existing freshwater reserves. As a result, water pollution has emerged as one of the nation’s gravest environmental threats. This book draws a link between water pollution generated by different industries and the various economic activities of the Indian economy using the Input-output framework. It constructs a detailed water pollution coefficient matrix involving different types of water pollutants. The book estimates the total amount of water pollution generated directly and indirectly in different sectors and activities, and also calculates the water pollution content in India’s foreign trade sector. It also accounts for defensive expenditure from water pollution and estimates Green GDP for the extent and scope of environmental challenges. Analysis of the result indicates the variation in the pollution content of different economic activities. Finally, the book offers a portfolio of policies and assesses the implications of such policies on pollution generation in India.

International Economics A Heterodox Approach

International Economics  A Heterodox Approach
Author: Hendrik Van den Berg
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 681
Release: 2014-12-18
ISBN: 131746754X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Economics A Heterodox Approach Book Excerpt:

Now in its third edition, this textbook covers all of the standard topics taught in undergraduate International Economics courses. However, the book is unique in that it presents the key orthodox neoclassical models of international trade and investment, whilst supplementing them with a variety of heterodox approaches. This pluralist approach is intended to give economics students a more realistic understanding of the international economy than standard textbooks can provide.

International Economics

International Economics
Author: Hendrik Van den Berg
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2016-11-17
ISBN: 131737066X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Economics Book Excerpt:

Now in its third edition, Hendrik Van den Berg’s International Economics: A Heterodox Approach covers all of the standard topics taught in undergraduate international economics courses. Written in a friendly and approachable style, this new edition is unique in that it presents the key orthodox neoclassical models of international trade and investment, while supplementing them with a variety of heterodox approaches. This pluralist approach is intended to give economics students a more realistic understanding of the international economy than standard textbooks can provide. Changes to the new edition include: updates throughout to reflect recent world events, including coverage of trade negotiations and the Greek crisis; expanded discussion of pluralist approaches with more coverage of alternative schools of thought; discussions of the growing financialization of global economic activity; additional real-world examples; increased coverage of environmental issues; transnational corporations and their behavior in the international economy; the difference between international investment and international finance; and monetary history; a consolidated and updated chapter on international banking. This book also maintains a broad perspective that links economic activity to the social and natural spheres of human activity, with emphasis on the distributional and environmental effects of international trade, investment, finance, and migration. Chapter summaries, key terms and concepts, problems and questions, and a glossary are included in the book. A Student Study Guide and an Instructor’s Manual are available online.

International Aid and China s Environment

International Aid and China s Environment
Author: Katherine Morton
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9780415378208
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Aid and China s Environment Book Excerpt:

Using case studies, Morton discusses the implementation and effectiveness of international environmental aid to China and examines how, and under what conditions, international aid can help to strengthen China's domestic capacity for managing environmental problems, especially at the local level.

Globalization and Standards

Globalization and Standards
Author: Keshab Das
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2014-09-29
ISBN: 8132219945
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Globalization and Standards Book Excerpt:

The changes following more than two decades of economic reforms and globalization of the Indian economy – at state, corporate sector, and consumer level – raise interesting questions on the ways in which the stakeholders will continue to engage on the world stage, politically, socially and economically. One key feature of global trade over this period has been the growing importance of not only product standards but, importantly, labor, environmental, food safety and social standards. Being essentially a non-tariff barrier,standards have often become critical to market access and essential to sustained competitiveness. This has a clear impact on the manner in which both global and Indian business is conducted now and in the future. It also underlines the need for a new area of enquiry that addresses the following questions: How are the Indian public and private actors – the state, domestic firms, local consumers and society – influencing and being influenced by such standards? Do standards really matter in an overwhelmingly informal production sphere, with consumers deeply segmented on the basis of a highly skewed distribution of income and with the rural population becoming further marginalized? We have limited knowledge about the challenges faced and strategies pursued by these key domestic actors, both public and private. How have they been able to drive these processes and what are their implications for larger concerns with inequalities and the conditions of the poor? How does the omnipresent informality influence compliance, encourage multiple standards and affect the chances of addressing institutional dysfunctionality? What role does regulation play? These are some of the issues dealt with in the book, which has chapters focusing on aspects of specific sectors such as microfinance, pharmaceuticals, automobiles, tea trading, the role of the state and changing consumer influence. We have limited knowledge about the challenges faced and strategies pursued by these key domestic actors, both public and private. How have been they able to drive these processes and what are the consequences of these changes for the Indian economy, other emergent economies and for the rest of the developing world? In particular, what are their implications for the wider Indian society, especially on concerns with informality, inequalities and the conditions of the poor? How does informality in its omnipresent form influence compliance, encourage multiple standards and chances of addressing institutional dysfunctionality? What role does regulation play? These are some of the issues dealt within the book wherein chapters focus on aspects of specific sectors, trading, role of the state and changing influence of the consumer.

Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management

Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management
Author: Zhifeng Yang,Sergio Ulgiati
Publsiher: L& H Scientific Publishing
Total Pages: 100
Release: 2018-07-01
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management Book Excerpt:

his peer-reviewed journal publishes original research results in the field of environmental and ecological science with focus on applications to the sustainable management of natural, human-dominated, and man-made ecosystems. The aim of the journal is to provide a place for a rapid exchange of new ideas and concepts for scientists and engineers in the fields of environmental accounting, human and systems ecology, and environmental management. Manuscripts on environmental accounting and managements are solicited, including: mathematical modeling; computational and management techniques in environmental, ecological, energy and information science; environmental technology and engineering; human managed ecosystems such as agricultural, urban, coastal, riparian, and wetland ecosystems. No length limitations for contributions are set, but only concisely written manuscripts are considered for publication. Brief papers can be published on the basis of Technical Notes. Discussions of previous published papers are welcome. Topics of Interest Environmental and ecological economics, environmental accounting, environmental impact assessment, ecosystem service assessment, energy and resource use, social factors and management.Modeling in environmental conservation and restoration, eco-hydrology and water resources management, ecological process and pattern, climate change effects, environmental engineering and technology.Planning and management in human dimension-institutions and patterns for socio-economic systems, industrial ecology, ecological informatics, landscape design, and urban planning.Environmental policy, legislation, and innovations with environmental and strategic impact assessment, project appraisal and auditing, and environmental protection.

Industrial Innovation and Environmental Regulation

Industrial Innovation and Environmental Regulation
Author: International Development Research Centre (Canada)
Publsiher: IDRC
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2007
ISBN: 9280811274
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industrial Innovation and Environmental Regulation Book Excerpt:

What role should governments play in protecting the environment and controlling the environmental impacts of industry? Do regulations benefit the environment? And how do they affect industrial innovation?Since the early 1970s, regulations have been used to coerce producers of goods and services into internalizing the environmental costs of production. These efforts have often faced opposition on practical and ideological grounds. Beginning in the 1980s, there has been a movement toward liberalization, coupled with the continued failure of the market to protect the environment as a public good. As a result, private and public sector interests have been debating the appropriate role of governments in protecting and improving the environment and controlling the environmental impact of industry.Using case studies from numerous countries, this book examines political and industrial trends and the responses to these challenges. The authors conclude that the complexities of environmental and economic relationships disallow universal solutions, and they stress the need for context-specific perspectives on the role of regulatory measures in environmental innovation.

China s Internal and International Migration

China s Internal and International Migration
Author: Li Peilin,Laurence Roulleau-Berger
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2013-05-07
ISBN: 113623103X
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

China s Internal and International Migration Book Excerpt:

One consequence of China’s economic growth has been a massive increase in migration, both internal and external. Within China millions of rural workers have migrated to the cities. Outside China, many Chinese have migrated to other parts of the world, their remittances home often having a significant impact within China. Also, China’s increasing links to other parts of the world have led to a growth in migration to China, most interestingly recently migration from Africa. Based on extensive original research, this book examines a wide range of issues connected to Chinese migration.

Environmental Scenario in India

Environmental Scenario in India
Author: Sacchidananda Mukherjee,Debashis Chakraborty
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2013-06-17
ISBN: 1136488650
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Scenario in India Book Excerpt:

India has moved along an impressive growth path over the last decade, marked with falling share of agriculture, stagnating manufacturing, expanding services segment, growing trade orientation, enhanced FDI inflows etc. The consequent growth implications are obvious as far as the numbers like GDP growth rate and Per Capita GDP trend are concerned, but how sustainable the associated development is with respect to resource management and environmental governance? This book captures the economy-wide impacts of various activities on environment in India. The environmental impacts on water, air, soil quality and human health are captured through case studies from different parts of India. Analyzing separately the concern areas within agriculture (cultivation, aquaculture), manufacturing (industrial pollution, power generation), services (waste management, bio-medical waste, e-waste recycling) and external sector (agricultural trade, FDI inflow, trade in waste products) performance of India, the book attempts to find an answer to that crucial question. The methodology adopted to capture the environmental impacts of various economic activities is derived from the relevant branches like environmental economics, agricultural economics, and water resources economics. The book, focusing on particular sectors, indicates the concern areas and possible ways for enhancing environmental governance.