The Routledge Handbook to Referendums and Direct Democracy

The Routledge Handbook to Referendums and Direct Democracy
Author: Laurence Morel,Matt Qvortrup
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2017-12-12
ISBN: 135136071X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Handbook to Referendums and Direct Democracy Book Excerpt:

Over the last 30 years referendums have played an increasingly important role in determining government policy. Recent high profile referendums in Scotland, Catalonia and Ukraine have continued the movement towards independence referendums following decolonization and the end of the Cold War. The Greek bailout referendum and Britain’s vote on membership of the EU reflect a tradition of European states giving their people a direct say in the transfer of sovereign powers to the European Union seen through the ratification of key treaties such as Maastricht, Amsterdam, Nice and Lisbon. This Routledge Handbook covers key aspects and issues of direct democracy and referendums throughout the world including: •their history; •when, why, where, how and on which issues referendums are held; •why some referendums are more democratic than others; •how referendums are won; •whether they produce good policies; •if referendums increase participation and improve the quality of representative democracies; •do referendums increase trust in democracy and the political actors; •the impact of new technology on the possibilities, methods and frequency of direct public political participation; •how they should be regulated. Covering other related areas such as recall, citizen juries and random selection, this compendium is an indispensable guide to referendums and the workings of modern democracy.

The Routledge Handbook to Referendums and Direct Democracy

The Routledge Handbook to Referendums and Direct Democracy
Author: Laurence Morel,Matt Qvortrup
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2017-12-12
ISBN: 1351360728
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Handbook to Referendums and Direct Democracy Book Excerpt:

Over the last 30 years referendums have played an increasingly important role in determining government policy. Recent high profile referendums in Scotland, Catalonia and Ukraine have continued the movement towards independence referendums following decolonization and the end of the Cold War. The Greek bailout referendum and Britain’s vote on membership of the EU reflect a tradition of European states giving their people a direct say in the transfer of sovereign powers to the European Union seen through the ratification of key treaties such as Maastricht, Amsterdam, Nice and Lisbon. This Routledge Handbook covers key aspects and issues of direct democracy and referendums throughout the world including: •their history; •when, why, where, how and on which issues referendums are held; •why some referendums are more democratic than others; •how referendums are won; •whether they produce good policies; •if referendums increase participation and improve the quality of representative democracies; •do referendums increase trust in democracy and the political actors; •the impact of new technology on the possibilities, methods and frequency of direct public political participation; •how they should be regulated. Covering other related areas such as recall, citizen juries and random selection, this compendium is an indispensable guide to referendums and the workings of modern democracy.

Routledge Handbook of State Recognition

Routledge Handbook of State Recognition
Author: Gëzim Visoka,John Doyle,Edward Newman
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2019-09-27
ISBN: 1351131737
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routledge Handbook of State Recognition Book Excerpt:

This new handbook provides a comprehensive and multidisciplinary overview of the theoretical and empirical aspects of state recognition in international politics. Although the recognition of states plays a central role in shaping global politics, it remains an under-researched and widely dispersed subject. Coherently and innovatively structured, the handbook brings together a group of international scholars who examine the most important theoretical and comparative perspectives on state recognition, including debates about pathways to secession and self-determination, the broad range of actors and strategies that shape the recognition of states and a significant number of contemporary case studies. The handbook is organised into four key sections: Theoretical and normative perspectives Pathways to independent statehood Actors, forms and the process of state recognition Case studies of contemporary state recognition This handbook will be of great interest to students of foreign policy, international relations, international law, comparative politics and area studies. Chapter 19 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license www.routledge.com/9780815354871

The Palgrave Handbook of European Referendums

The Palgrave Handbook of European Referendums
Author: Julie Smith
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 730
Release: 2021-03-02
ISBN: 3030558037
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Palgrave Handbook of European Referendums Book Excerpt:

This handbook provides an empirically rich analysis of referendums in Europe from the end of the Second World War to the present. It addresses a range of perennial theoretical and legal questions that face policy-makers when they offer citizens the chance to take or influence decisions by referendum, not least whether to accept the ‘will of the people’. Taking a multi-disciplinary approach, drawing on historical, philosophical and political science perspectives, the book includes a contextual section on the history of referendums, the theoretical questions underpinning their use, and on constitutional and legal questions about the use of referendums. The empirical sections are divided into those referendums that focus on domestic issues, such as constitutional matters or questions of social policy, and those related to the European Union, including membership referendums and treaty ratification.

How Referendums Challenge European Democracy

How Referendums Challenge European Democracy
Author: Richard Rose
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2020-04-22
ISBN: 3030441172
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How Referendums Challenge European Democracy Book Excerpt:

This book explains how citizens are using referendums to challenge decisions taken by the European Union. The opening chapters compare the two chief institutions of electoral democracy: parliamentary elections to decide who governs, and referendums to decide policies. The EU relies on international treaties for its authority to make policies. Chapters analysing referendum voting on Europe in Britain, Greece and the Netherlands show that cultural values can have a stronger influence than class. The book uses Brexit – the British referendum in which a majority voted for the UK leaving the European Union – as the leading example of a conflict between national voters and the EU. However, taking back control of policymaking does not ensure effective policymaking when success depends not only on what the British Parliament does but also on decisions taken in Brussels, Washington and elsewhere. Boris Johnson’s electoral success is insufficient to deliver all his promises in the world beyond Brexit. The EU is challenged too, as its policies increasingly depend on what happens on other continents.

The Legal Limits of Direct Democracy

The Legal Limits of Direct Democracy
Author: Moeckli, Daniel,Forgács, Anna,Ibi, Henri
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2021-07-31
ISBN: 1800372809
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Legal Limits of Direct Democracy Book Excerpt:

With the rise of direct-democratic instruments, the relationship between popular sovereignty and the rule of law is set to become one of the defining political issues of our time. This important and timely book provides an in-depth analysis of the limits imposed on referendums and citizens’ initiatives, as well as of systems of reviewing compliance with these limits, in 11 European states.

The Politics of Referendum Use in European Democracies

The Politics of Referendum Use in European Democracies
Author: Saskia Hollander
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 345
Release: 2019-04-02
ISBN: 3030041972
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Politics of Referendum Use in European Democracies Book Excerpt:

This book demonstrates that the generally assumed dichotomy between referendums and representative democracy does not do justice to the great diversity of referendum types and of how referendums are used in European democracies. Although in all referendums citizens vote directly on issues rather than letting their political representatives do this for them, some referendums are more direct than others. Rather than reflecting the direct power of the People, most referendums in EU countries are held by, and serve the interests of, the political elites, most notably the executive. The book shows that these interests rarely match the justifications given in the public debate. Instead of being driven by the need to compensate for the deficiency of political parties, decision-makers use referendums primarily to protect the position of their party. In unravelling the strategic role played by national referendums in decision-making, this book makes an unconventional contribution to the debate on the impact of referendums on democracy.

Between Democracy and Law

Between Democracy and Law
Author: Carlos Closa,Costanza Margiotta,Giuseppe Martinico
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2019-10-10
ISBN: 0429626800
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Between Democracy and Law Book Excerpt:

This volume purports to explore the legal and political issues triggered by the new wave of secessionism. More specifically, those issues concern the interplay between notions of democracy (and democratic ends and means) and law (and the rule of law and constitutionalism). Against this background, the editors use amorality in order to escape the terrain of the justification of secession by making a distinction between the democratic theory of secession and the theory of democratic secession. In the first section, the theoretical nexus democracy-secession has been approached both from a legal and political theory perspective. The second section of the book examines the instruments that the theory of democratic secession invokes in order to justify secession and presents both legal and political science contributions. The third section focuses on social movements and political actors. The fourth section focuses on two case studies due to the awareness of the importance of the difference between secession in a democratic occidental context (which call into play the discussion of the democratic theories) and separations in a non-democratic context (where the nexus between secession and democracy is not really central).

Power to the People

Power to the People
Author: Mark Tushnet,William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Law Emeritus Mark Tushnet,Bojan Bugaric
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2021
ISBN: 0197606717
Category: Constitutional law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Power to the People Book Excerpt:

"What is constitutionalism? The only sensible follow-up is, Why do you want to know? Scores of books have been written offering scores of descriptions of constitutionalism: descriptions of the real world of constitutions and prescriptions for the authors' "best" account of constitutionalism as a system of values. Each author has in mind some purpose for which she is providing the description. As should be clear already, our purpose is to provide some leverage on the analysis of contemporary populism. That purpose sets some important guidelines for our answer to the question posed in the Chapter's title. Because we are interested in contemporary populism, we are interested in contemporary constitutionalism. We aren't going to spend time on describing "Athenian" constitutionalism, or "medieval" constitutionalism, although for other purposes examining those and many other forms of constitutionalism would be quite valuable. More important, we aren't going to discuss constitutionalism as what philosophers call a "regulative ideal" - a reasonably comprehensive set of values that we could use as a benchmark against which we could measure actual constitutional performance. Consider a relatively simple question: Are laws against hate speech consistent with constitutionalism as a regulative ideal? On some accounts, clearly no - such laws violate ideals of freedom of expression. On other accounts, clearly yes - such laws are required to ensure that everyone can participate in civic life on an equal basis. Proponents of each view will of course provide elaborate arguments rooted in stories about individual autonomy, democratic self-governance, and the like to justify their particular view of constitutionalism as a regulative ideal. Precisely because each view is reasonable - as are many others - we think it unhelpful to rely on "regulative ideal" versions of constitutionalism in our inquiry into the relation between contemporary constitutionalism and contemporary populism"--

The Referendum in Britain

The Referendum in Britain
Author: Lucy Atkinson,Andrew Blick,Matt Qvortrup
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-11-29
ISBN: 0192556703
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Referendum in Britain Book Excerpt:

The European Union referendum of 23 June 2016 proved to be the trigger for the most prolonged period of political turbulence in the peacetime history of the UK; leading to major policy changes and realignments in the party-political system. This book considers from an historical perspective the democratic device that provided the focus for this upheaval. Beginning in the late nineteenth century, it discusses how the idea of using referendums to resolve major political disputes first came onto the agenda, and why. It considers who advocated it, and in what circumstances. The book describes how referendums eventually came into use from the 1970s onwards, and the different patterns in their deployment in the decades that have followed. Major political figures, from Herbert Henry Asquith and Winston Churchill to Clement Attlee, Harold Wilson and Margaret Thatcher; to Tony Blair, David Cameron, and Boris Johnson form part of the story. Governments have come to power and fallen in the context of demands for referendums or the results they produced. The authors provide detailed accounts of each of the 13 major referendums that have taken place. Referendums took place at UK and sub-UK level. They were held on the position of Northern Ireland (1973) and Scotland (2014) within the UK; on devolution to Wales (1979; 1997; 2011) and Scotland (1979; 1979); on the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement (1998); on devolution to London (1998) and North East England (2004); on the parliamentary voting system (2011); and on UK participation in European integration (1975; 1975). The book provides a constitutional and international perspective, and ask how far the original ideas lying behind the referendum were fulfilled in practice.

Perspectives on Secession

Perspectives on Secession
Author: Martin Riegl,Bohumil Doboš
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 142
Release: 2020-06-24
ISBN: 303048274X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perspectives on Secession Book Excerpt:

This book explores the changing nature of secessionist attempts in connection with rapidly evolving geopolitical and technological landscapes. By presenting theoretical chapters as well as case studies on various secessionist movements around the globe, the contributing authors study a range of topics, including: the role of the media in secessionist conflicts; secessionist referenda and the viability of secessionist attempts in terms of their internal dimension; and external support and interference. The book will appeal to political scientists and international relations scholars who are interested in the processes, politics and geopolitical implications of secessionist movements.

Rebuilding European Democracy

Rebuilding European Democracy
Author: Richard Youngs
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2021-09-09
ISBN: 075563974X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rebuilding European Democracy Book Excerpt:

In recent years serious concerns emerged over the state of European democracy. Many democracy indices are reporting a year-on-year drift towards less liberal politics in the countries of the European Union. Polls regularly suggest that the voters are coming to question democratic norms more seriously than for many decades. Here, Richard Youngs assesses these risks as many analysts, journalists and politicians stressed the danger of Europe descending into an era of conflict, driven by xenophobic nationalism and nativist authoritarians slowly dismantling liberal democratic rights. In 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic has intensified these fears. There is another side of the democratic equation, however. Youngs argues that governments, EU institutions, political parties, citizens and civil society organisations have gradually begun to push back in defence of democracy. With each chapter, Youngs shows how many governmental, political and social actors have developed responses to Europe's democratic malaise at multiple levels. Europe's democracy problems have been grave and far-reaching. Yet, a spirit of democratic resistance has slowly taken shape. This book argues that the pro-democratic fightback may be belated, but it is real and has assumed significant traction with various types of democratic reform underway, including citizen initiatives, political-party changes, digital activism and EU-level responses.

Direct Democracy in Asia

Direct Democracy in Asia
Author: Zhaoyuan Huang
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Asia
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Direct Democracy in Asia Book Excerpt:

A Comparative Study of Referendums

A Comparative Study of Referendums
Author: Mads Qvortrup,Matt Qvortrup
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Comparative Study of Referendums Book Excerpt:

Fully revised and with new chapters on campaign spending and the administration of referendums, the second edition of this book provides a thorough overview of the theory and practice of referendums.

Happiness

Happiness
Author: Bruno S. Frey,Alois Stutzer,Matthias Benz,Simon Luechinger,Stephan Meier,Christine Benesch
Publsiher: Mit Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Happiness Book Excerpt:

After tracing the major developments of happiness research in economics and demonstrating that we have gained important new insights into how income, unemployment, inflation, and income demonstration affect well-being, Frey examines democracy and federalism, self-employment and volunteer work, marriage, terrorism, and watching television from the new perspective of happiness research. Turning to policy implications, Frey describes how government can provide the conditions under which people can achieve well-being, arguing that effective political institutions and decentralized decision making play crucial roles. Happiness demonstrates the achievements of the economic happiness revolution and points the way to future research."--Pub. desc.

Whitaker s Books in Print

Whitaker s Books in Print
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1998
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Bibliography, National
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Whitaker s Books in Print Book Excerpt:

The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography
Author: Arthur James Wells
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Bibliography, National
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The British National Bibliography Book Excerpt:

Forthcoming Books

Forthcoming Books
Author: Rose Arny
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1992-10
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: American literature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forthcoming Books Book Excerpt:

Books in Print

Books in Print
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1991
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: American literature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Books in Print Book Excerpt:

Books in Print Supplement

Books in Print Supplement
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2002
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: American literature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Books in Print Supplement Book Excerpt: