The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene
Author: Richard Dawkins,Charles Simonyi Professor of the Public Understanding of Science Richard Dawkins,David Dawkins,RICHARD AUTOR DAWKINS
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 352
Release: 1989
ISBN: 9780192860927
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Selfish Gene Book Excerpt:

An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit

The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2016-06-08
ISBN: 0198788606
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Selfish Gene Book Excerpt:

With a new epilogue to the 40th anniversary edition.

The Extended Selfish Gene

The Extended Selfish Gene
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2016-08-31
ISBN: 9780198788782
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Extended Selfish Gene Book Excerpt:

The Selfish Gene is a classic exposition of evolutionary thought. In it Professor Dawkins articulates a gene's eye view of evolution - a view giving centre stage to these persistent units of information, and in which organisms can be seen as vehicles for the replication of genes. The book provoked widespread and heated debate, which in part led Dawkins to write The Extended Phenotype, in which he gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as the unit of selection, as well as contributing his own development of this insight. For the first time, The Extended Selfish Gene brings these two books together, by including two key chapters from The Extended Phenotype. These chapters provide Dawkins's detailed and powerful response to two issues raised by critics of The Selfish Gene: the accusations of genetic determinism (the idea that our behaviour is entirely determined by our genes), and of "adaptationism" (that all traits are indiscriminately perceived to be adaptations resulting from natural selection). While written in particular for the biology community, Dawkins's clarity of expression allows these chapters to be accessible to all who are seriously engaged with the gene's eye view and its implications. The imaginative, powerful, and stylistically brilliant Selfish Gene not only brought the insights of Neo-Darwinism to a wide audience, but galvanized the biology community, generating much debate and stimulating whole new areas of research. Forty years later, its insights remain as significant as on the day it was published. Along with the two extra chapters, The Extended Selfish Gene includes a new epilogue to The Selfish Gene from the author which highlights the relevance of the gene's eye view to evolutionary biology today.

The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2006-03-16
ISBN: 9780191537554
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Selfish Gene Book Excerpt:

The million copy international bestseller, critically acclaimed and translated into over 25 languages. This 30th anniversary edition includes a new introduction from the author as well as the original prefaces and foreword, and extracts from early reviews. As relevant and influential today as when it was first published, The Selfish Gene has become a classic exposition of evolutionary thought. Professor Dawkins articulates a gene's eye view of evolution - a view giving centre stage to these persistent units of information, and in which organisms can be seen as vehicles for their replication. This imaginative, powerful, and stylistically brilliant work not only brought the insights of Neo-Darwinism to a wide audience, but galvanized the biology community, generating much debate and stimulating whole new areas of research.

SUMMARY The Selfish Gene By Richard Dawkins

SUMMARY   The Selfish Gene By Richard Dawkins
Author: Shortcut Edition
Publsiher: Shortcut Edition
Total Pages: 35
Release: 2021-06-17
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

SUMMARY The Selfish Gene By Richard Dawkins Book Excerpt:

* Our summary is short, simple and pragmatic. It allows you to have the essential ideas of a big book in less than 30 minutes. As you read this summary, you will discover that in nature, altruism does not exist. All living species are genetically selfish. You will also discover : that your genes have created you for their own survival; that your children will be naturally selfish, but that you have the means to change that through culture; that in terms of reproduction, the male is less involved than the female; that since the appearance of modern man, genetic evolution is no longer the only type of evolution in the world. The selfish gene theory is another facet of Darwin's theory. Rather than focusing on the individual organism, it takes the point of view of genetics. Your genes survived in a world where competition was raging, so the predominant quality in a gene that thrived is certainly ruthless selfishness. A selfishness that inevitably affects individual behavior. But by understanding what your genes are tending towards - selfishness - you may have a chance to counteract them and achieve what no other species has ever achieved: becoming an altruistic individual. Are you ready to regain control of your identity? *Buy now the summary of this book for the modest price of a cup of coffee!

The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene
Author: Nicola Davis
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-07-14
ISBN: 1351351621
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Selfish Gene Book Excerpt:

Richard Dawkins provides excellent examples of his reasoning and interpretation skills in The Selfish Gene. His 1976 book is not a work of original research, but instead a careful explanation of evolution, combined with an argument for a particular interpretation of several aspects of evolution. Since Dawkins is building on other researchers' work and writing for a general audience, the central elements of good reasoning are vital to his book: producing a clear argument and presenting a persuasive case; organising an argument and supporting its conclusions. In doing this, Dawkins also employs the crucial skill of interpretation: understanding what evidence means; clarifying terms; questioning definitions; giving clear definitions on which to build arguments. The strength of his reasoning and interpretative skills played a key part in the widespread acceptance of his argument for a gene-centred interpretation of natural selection and evolution - and in its history as a bestselling classic of science writing.

Quicklet on Richard Dawkins The Selfish Gene CliffNotes like Book Summary Analysis

Quicklet on Richard Dawkins  The Selfish Gene  CliffNotes like Book Summary   Analysis
Author: Elspeth Michaels
Publsiher: Hyperink Inc
Total Pages: 32
Release: 2012-07-30
ISBN: 1614646287
Category: Study Aids
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quicklet on Richard Dawkins The Selfish Gene CliffNotes like Book Summary Analysis Book Excerpt:

ABOUT THE BOOK In a 2006 interview with Meet the Author, the year when The Selfish Gene celebrated its 30th anniversary, Richard Dawkins had this to say: “...If I had to write it again, I wouldn’t write it very differently. It has been described as a revolutionary book, in one respect it is. But it’s only a revolutionary way in looking at orthodox Darwinian natural selection. It helps to look at it in this revolutionary way. It could equally well have been called “the Altruistic Animal,” because if you have selfish genes, which only means that natural selection works at the level of the gene; if you have selfish genes, then you may have altruistic individuals. And that’s what the book is about.” What Dawkins describes as “revolutionary,” others have construed as controversial. When The Selfish Gene was first published in 1976, it created a number of waves within the study evolutionary biology, largely dominated by Darwinian doctrine. (One could say it made a splash in the gene pool.) If Darwin’s idea of natural selection was based on the concept of “survival of the fittest,” then why does altruism exist between individuals? Why aren’t all living things selfish in a cut-throat battle for survival? Dawkins strove to explain altruism in The Selfish Gene, with the argument that altruistic behavior can be explained through the selfishness of our genes. EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK If it runs away, chase it! If it comes at you, fight back.) In a relationship such as prey versus predator, Dawkins explains possible strategies. A retaliator doesn’t attack aggressively, but will act in a threatening manner. If the opponent attacks first, the retaliator will, as you guessed, retaliate. Retaliators behave based upon their opponent’s behavior, making them conditional strategists. In addition to retaliators, there are two other kinds of conditional strategies: bullies and prober-retaliators. A bully attacks until an opponent strikes back, in which case, the bully immediately retreats. Prober-retaliators are essentially retaliators, but can initiate an attack like a bully, and if the opponent fights back, will defend itself. In these strategies, the retaliator is an ESS, the prober-retaliator is nearly stable, and the bully is not stable. Chapter 6: Genemanship The key point of this chapter is that genes might be able to assist replicas of itself that are sitting in other bodies. If so, this would appear as individual altruism but it would be brought about by gene selfishness. (88) In the previous chapter, Dawkins explained aggression through individual, independent selfish machines. However, individuals have relatives, in the form of siblings, cousins, parents, etc., all of whom share many of the same genes. Each selfish gene then, has its loyalties divided among different individuals; the selfish gene is every replica of itself. Dawkins explains how a gene selected for kin-altruism, could survive in the gene pool. A gene that suicidally saves five cousins would not be numerous in a population of individuals, however, if it saved five brothers or ten first cousins would. The minimum requirement for a suicidal altruistic gene to be a successful one in the gene pool would have to “save more than two siblings/children/parents, more than four half-siblings/uncles/aunts/nephews/nieces/grandparents/grandchildren, or more than eight first cousins, etc.”

Summary of The Selfish Gene

Summary of The Selfish Gene
Author: Alexander Cooper
Publsiher: BookSummaryGr
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-10-09
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary of The Selfish Gene Book Excerpt:

Summary of The Selfish Gene In his book, The Selfish Gene, Dawkins argues for the gene as the basic unit of evolution. He claims that organisms are “survival shells” for the “replicators” within us. Replicators, the units that evolve, are genes. They are inherently selfish in that they only care about their own survival and the survival of their copies. As a result, no true altruism exists. Anytime an organism helps another, both sets of genes are benefiting. Dawkins expands his theory to attempt to explain topics like kin altruism, eusociality, group dynamics and culture. He writes for the scientist looking for a new idea and for the layman just looking to learn more by explaining his theory in a way that appeals to all. Here is a Preview of What You Will Get: ⁃ A Full Book Summary ⁃ An Analysis ⁃ Fun quizzes ⁃ Quiz Answers ⁃ Etc. Get a copy of this summary and learn about the book.

Summary of The Selfish Genes

Summary of The Selfish Genes
Author: Alexander Cooper
Publsiher: BookSummaryGr
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-07-31
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary of The Selfish Genes Book Excerpt:

Summary of The Selfish Genes Has The Egocentric Gene by Richard Dawkins been waiting for you on your study list? Choose the important thing ideas inside the e book with this brief summary. Over 3.5 billion years ago, in a primordial soup of molecules, the primary, most effective form of life on the planet came to be: a molecule able to reproduce itself, a replicator. Molecular replicators are made from lengthy chains of smaller building-block molecules in the same manner that a phrase is made up of a string of letters. Replicators reproduce themselves via attracting different ‘letters’ and performing as a template for them to fit into. The primary replicator routinely had a competitive edge over all the different molecules within the primordial soup because they could not replicate themselves, and subsequently the replicators have become more numerous than every other sort of molecule. But, mistakes inside the copying system led to ‘daughter’ replicators that had a slightly different configuration than their ‘parent.’ These new configurations supposed that a few ‘daughters’ had been able to reproduce themselves faster, or more correctly, giving them a competitive advantage over their ‘parent.’ An increasing number of replicators have been built from the finite deliver of constructing-block molecules within the primordial soup, and those molecules were step by step used up. Those two principles – a population in which ability varies and an surroundings of restrained sources – are the primary requirements for the system we recognize as evolution. As time went on, similar mistakes in copying resulted in new high quality traits, inclusive of the capacity to interrupt other replicators and use their constructing blocks for replication: the primary carnivores. Through the introduction of latest variations, and the survival of the replicators with the maximum beneficial blessings, greater complex existence forms emerged, in the end ensuing in the type of organisms we see today. Here is a Preview of What You Will Get: ⁃ A Full Book Summary ⁃ An Analysis ⁃ Fun quizzes ⁃ Quiz Answers ⁃ Etc. Get a copy of this summary and learn about the book.

The Solitary Self

The Solitary Self
Author: Mary Midgley
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2014-12-05
ISBN: 1317488237
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Solitary Self Book Excerpt:

Renowned philosopher Mary Midgley explores the nature of our moral constitution to challenge the view that reduces human motivation to self-interest. Midgley argues cogently and convincingly that simple, one-sided accounts of human motives, such as the 'selfish gene' tendency in recent neo-Darwinian thought, may be illuminating but are always unrealistic. Such neatness, she shows, cannot be imposed on human psychology. She returns to Darwin's original writings to show how the reductive individualism which is now presented as Darwinism does not derive from Darwin but from a wider, Hobbesian tradition in Enlightenment thinking. She reveals the selfish gene hypothesis as a cultural accretion that is just not seen in nature. Heroic independence is not a realistic aim for Homo sapiens. We are, as Darwin saw, earthly organisms, framed to interact constantly with one another and with the complex ecosystems of which we are a tiny part. For us, bonds are not just restraints but also lifelines.

Guide to Richard Dawkins s The Selfish Gene by Instaread

Guide to Richard Dawkins   s The Selfish Gene by Instaread
Author: Instaread
Publsiher: Instaread
Total Pages: 27
Release: 2017-04-19
ISBN: 168378717X
Category: Study Aids
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guide to Richard Dawkins s The Selfish Gene by Instaread Book Excerpt:

PLEASE NOTE: This is a companion to Richard Dawkins’s The Selfish Gene and NOT the original book. Preview: The Selfish Gene (1976) by Richard Dawkins outlines theories and research in the field of evolutionary biology to explain the importance of the gene as the most significant unit of analysis in natural selection. The common understanding of natural selection is that altruistic behavior has evolutionary advantages because on average, it benefits the species as a whole… Inside this companion to the book: · Overview of the Book · Insights from the Book · Important People · Author's Style and Perspective · Intended Audience About the Author: With Instaread, you can get the notes and insights from a book in 15 minutes or less. Visit our website at instaread.co.

The Gene s Eye View of Evolution

The Gene s Eye View of Evolution
Author: J. Arvid Ågren
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2021-07-21
ISBN: 0198862261
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Gene s Eye View of Evolution Book Excerpt:

The central aim of this accessible book is to show how the gene's-eye view differs from the traditional organismal account of evolution, trace its historical origins, clarify typical misunderstandings and, by using examples from contemporary experimental work, show why so many evolutionary biologists still consider it an indispensable heuristic.

Summary of The Selfish Gene

Summary of The Selfish Gene
Author: Readtrepreneur Publishing
Publsiher: Readtrepreneur Publishing
Total Pages: 70
Release: 2019-05-24
ISBN: 9781690405580
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary of The Selfish Gene Book Excerpt:

The Selfish Gene: by Richard Dawkins - Book Summary - Readtrepreneur (Disclaimer: This is NOT the original book, but an unofficial summary.) An entirely different approach to one of the most controversial theories in the world. The Selfish Gene is a reformulation of the theory of natural selection developed by Charles Darwin. This classic is focused on the nature of altruism and selfishness that creatures have. Despite that any living creature is focused on his well-being, the study reveals that they have a natural sense of altruism as well. Many creatures have a tendency of sacrificing themselves for their loved ones' safety. (Note: This summary is wholly written and published by Readtrepreneur. It is not affiliated with the original author in any way) "Any altruistic system is inherently unstable, because it is open to abuse by selfish individuals, ready to exploit it." - Richard Dawkins Richard Dawkins' title is an interesting look into the nature of living creatures. An incredibly complex topic developed perfectly so any person interested in reading it can enjoy and learn a lot from the book. Richard Dawkins reveals many things we didn't know about Charles Darwin's natural selection theory. P.S. The Selfish Gene is an extremely informative book which will teach you a lot about the most primal side of any living creature. The Time for Thinking is Over! Time for Action! Scroll Up Now and Click on the "Buy now with 1-Click" Button to Grab your Copy Right Away! Why Choose Us, Readtrepreneur? ● Highest Quality Summaries ● Delivers Amazing Knowledge ● Awesome Refresher ● Clear And Concise Disclaimer Once Again: This book is meant for a great companionship of the original book or to simply get the gist of the original book.

Dawkins and the Selfish Gene

Dawkins and the Selfish Gene
Author: Ed Sexton
Publsiher: Totem Books
Total Pages: 80
Release: 2001
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dawkins and the Selfish Gene Book Excerpt:

The 'selfish gene' is one of the most controversial subjects in modern genetics, and one with a major bearing on the nature vs. nurture debate - the chief subject of the so-called 'Darwin wars'.

The Selfish Gene Pool

The Selfish Gene Pool
Author: Donald MacKay Wonderly
Publsiher: University Press of Amer
Total Pages: 272
Release: 1996
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Selfish Gene Pool Book Excerpt:

The Selfish Gene Pool was written to encourage dialogue on the issue of the claim that all people are destined to act selfishly in all situations, whether they are aware of it or not, because their fitness in resulting generations depends on it. This book provides an overview of a motivation model designed to support a positive interpretation of altruistic behavior. It specifically denies the claims of sociobiologists' 'selfish gene' theory, and provides a thorough rebuttal of their argument. Unfortunately, the sociobiological analysis of behavior ignores the influence of a moral sense, and the fact that altruistic behavior (which they deny exists) is directed not toward the resident gene, but toward the totality of the relevant gene pool. In spite of the criticism that has been leveled at sociobiologist extremists, nothing has appeared in print that represents an alternative explanation for altruistic behavior.

The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene
Author: Nicola Davis
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 82
Release: 2017-07-14
ISBN: 1351353411
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Selfish Gene Book Excerpt:

Richard Dawkins provides excellent examples of his reasoning and interpretation skills in The Selfish Gene. His 1976 book is not a work of original research, but instead a careful explanation of evolution, combined with an argument for a particular interpretation of several aspects of evolution. Since Dawkins is building on other researchers’ work and writing for a general audience, the central elements of good reasoning are vital to his book: producing a clear argument and presenting a persuasive case; organising an argument and supporting its conclusions. In doing this, Dawkins also employs the crucial skill of interpretation: understanding what evidence means; clarifying terms; questioning definitions; giving clear definitions on which to build arguments. The strength of his reasoning and interpretative skills played a key part in the widespread acceptance of his argument for a gene-centred interpretation of natural selection and evolution – and in its history as a bestselling classic of science writing.

Key Ideas from the Selfish Gene Richard Dawkins

Key Ideas from the Selfish Gene   Richard Dawkins
Author: Judy Woods
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 31
Release: 2018-12-14
ISBN: 9781791695675
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Key Ideas from the Selfish Gene Richard Dawkins Book Excerpt:

Key Ideas From The Selfish Gene - Richard DawkinsA landmark work in the field of biology and evolution The Selfish Gene is a landmark 1976 work in the field of biology: It puts the gene at the center of the process of evolution and explains how, when this is taken into account, genes must be seen as "selfish." Author Richard Dawkins then uses this theory of gene selfishness to explain the massive variety of animal behavior observable on Earth.Who is it for ?- 'Everyone interested in the universe and their place in it.' - Any student of biology or anyone with an interest in biologyAbout the AuthorRichard Dawkins is an evolutionary biologist and author of influential and popular science books such as The Blind Watchmaker and The Extended Phenotype. He is also a committed atheist and an active critic of religion, to this end publishing his book The God Delusion and setting up the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science.

The Extended Phenotype

The Extended Phenotype
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2016-09-14
ISBN: 0192506234
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Extended Phenotype Book Excerpt:

In The Selfish Gene, Richard Dawkins crystallized the gene's eye view of evolution developed by W.D. Hamilton and others. The book provoked widespread and heated debate. Written in part as a response, The Extended Phenotype gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as the unit of selection; but it did much more besides. In it, Dawkins extended the gene's eye view to argue that the genes that sit within an organism have an influence that reaches out beyond the visible traits in that body - the phenotype - to the wider environment, which can include other individuals. So, for instance, the genes of the beaver drive it to gather twigs to produce the substantial physical structure of a dam; and the genes of the cuckoo chick produce effects that manipulate the behaviour of the host bird, making it nurture the intruder as one of its own. This notion of the extended phenotype has proved to be highly influential in the way we understand evolution and the natural world. It represents a key scientific contribution to evolutionary biology, and it continues to play an important role in research in the life sciences. The Extended Phenotype is a conceptually deep book that forms important reading for biologists and students. But Dawkins' clear exposition is accessible to all who are prepared to put in a little effort. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.

The Selfish Gene 3 Ed

The Selfish Gene 3 Ed
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007-03-27
ISBN: 9780195690668
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Selfish Gene 3 Ed Book Excerpt:

From Gaia to Selfish Genes

From Gaia to Selfish Genes
Author: Connie Barlow
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 286
Release: 1992-07-08
ISBN: 9780262521789
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Gaia to Selfish Genes Book Excerpt:

From Gaia to Selfish Genes is a different kind of anthology. Lively excerpts from the popular writings of leading theorists in the life sciences blend in a seamless presentation of the controversies and bold ideas driving contemporary biological research. Selections span scales from the biosphere to the cell and DNA, and disciplines from global ecology to behavior and genetics, and also reveals the links between biology and philosophy. They plunge the reader into debates about heredity and environment, competition and cooperation, randomness and determinism, and the meaning of individuality. From Gaia to Selfish Genes conveys the technical and conceptual roots of current scientific theories beginning with the planetary perspective of James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis and concluding with the reductionist views of Richard Dawkins and E. 0. Wilson. The contrasting worldviews, coupled with excerpts drawn from critics of each theory, encourage readers to examine their own presuppositions. In addition to the scientists' portrayal of the Gaia hypothesis, symbiosis in cell evolution, hierarchy theory, systems theory, game theory, sociobiology, and the selfish gene, the text is rich in autobiographical passages and biographies. By presenting the human side of research, From Gaia to Selfish Genes reveals the social context and interactions, the motivations and range of cognitive styles that comprise the scientific endeavor. Concluding essays written expressly for this book by Lynn Margulis, John Maynard Smith, W. Ford Doolittle, and others underscore the importance of such diversity. Connie Barlow is a science writer currently living in New York City. The scientists include: Robert Axelrod. Richard D. Alexander. Ludwig von Bertalanffy. Leo W. Buss. Francis Crick. Richard Dawkins. W. Ford Doolittle. Douglas Hofstadter. Julian Huxley. Leon J. Kamin. Philip Kitcher. Richard C. Lewontin. James Lovelock. Lynn Margulis. Ashley Montagu. Leslie Orgel. Steven Rose. Carmen Sapienza. John Maynard Smith. Lewis Thomas. Gerald Weinberg. E. 0. Wilson. Robert Wright. The science writers include: Lawrence Joseph. Arthur Koestler. Francesca Lyman. Jeanne McDermott. Richard Monastersky. Dorion Sagan.