Description : Explores actual and literary depictions of beheadings in sixteenth-century Ireland and addresses how violence is transcribed into art.
Description : A Study Guide for John Montague's "A Grafted Tongue," excerpted from Gale's acclaimed Poetry for Students. This concise study guide includes plot summary; character analysis; author biography; study questions; historical context; suggestions for further reading; and much more. For any literature project, trust Poetry for Students for all of your research needs.
Description : In Contemporary Irish Poetry and the Pastoral Tradition, Donna L. Potts closely examines the pastoral genre in the work of six Irish poets writing today. Through the exploration of the poets and their works, she reveals the wide range of purposes that pastoral has served in both Northern Ireland and the Republic: a postcolonial critique of British imperialism; a response to modernity, industrialization, and globalization; a way of uncovering political and social repercussions of gendered representations of Ireland; and, more recently, a means for conveying environmentalism’s more complex understanding of the value of nature. Potts traces the pastoral back to its origins in the work of Theocritus of Syracuse in the third century and plots its evolution due to cultural changes. While all pastoral poems share certain generic traits, Potts makes clear that pastorals are shaped by social and historical contexts, and Irish pastorals in particular were influenced by Ireland’s unique relationship with the land, language, and industrialization due to England’s colonization. For her discussion, Potts has chosen six poets who have written significant collections of pastoral poetry and whose work is in dialogue with both the pastoral tradition and other contemporary pastoral poets. Three poets are men—John Montague, Seamus Heaney, Michael Longley—while three are women—Eavan Boland, Medbh McGuckian, Nuala Ní Dhomhnaill. Five are English-language authors, while the sixth—Ní Dhomhnaill—writes in Irish. Additionally, some of the poets hail from the Republic, while others originate from Northern Ireland. Potts contends that while both Irish Republic and Northern Irish poets respond to a shared history of British colonization in their pastorals, the 1921 partition of the country caused the pastoral tradition to evolve differently on either side of the border, primarily because of the North’s more rapid industrialization; its more heavily Protestant population, whose response to environmentalism was somewhat different than that of the Republic’s predominantly Catholic population; as well the greater impact of the world wars and the Irish Troubles. In an important distinction from other studies of Irish poetry, Potts moves beyond the influence of history and politics on contemporary Irish pastoral poetry to consider the relatively recent influence of ecology. Contemporary Irish poets often rely on the motif of the pastoral retreat to highlight various environmental threats to those retreats—whether they be high-rises, motorways, global warming, or acid rain. Potts concludes by speculating on the future of pastoral in contemporary Irish poetry through her examination of more recent poets—including Moya Cannon and Paula Meehan—as well as other genres such as film, drama, and fiction.
Description : Redshaw gathers twenty-one original essays on the influential Irish poet and novelist, which provide a critical context for Montague's Collected Poems (1995) and the tales and portraits in Company (2001). Montague played a pivotal role in the international evolution of Irish poetry from the late 1950s in Dublin through the worst years of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. Renowned for the Rough Field (1972), a book-length autobiographical poem on the North, Montague taught for two decades at University College, Cork, influencing a generation of Irish poets in the Republic- among them Tom McCarthy, Greg Delanty, and Nuala Ni Dhomhnaill. Author of 10 major collections of poems dating from Poisoned Lands (1961) through Smashing the Piano (2001), Montague was the first holder of the Ireland Chair of Poetry at Queen's University, Belfast; University College Dublin; and Trinity College, Dublin. Here, American, English, and European critics and scholars touch upon every aspect of Montague's essays, stories, and poetry. Redshaw offers a survey of the criticism and a descriptive checklist. A stunning tribute to a masterful poet with seminal essays by some of the finest critics of contemporary Irish poetry. -- Publisher description.
Description : This collection of essays from a variety of contributors focuses on the relationship between language and culture in Ireland from the early Middle Ages to the beginning of the 21st century.
Description : Seamus Heaney, often cited by critics as one of the most important poets writing in English since World War II, has long deserved an integrated critical study such as Michael R. Molino has written here. Questioning Tradition, Language, and Myth provides a detailed examination of Heaney's poetry and the political and cultural problems facing literary writers in Ireland today. Molino demonstrates that Heaney has had to come to terms with a literary tradition that is both a continuation of the past and a break from it. Heaney's poetry springs from a complex cultural debate that is often voiced in monologic terms by groups dedicated to defining an exclusive "Irish" tradition. Yet many Irish writers recognize not one but many competing and irreconcilable traditions whose collective, polyphonic voices are often in destructive conflict with one another. Molino rejects the notion that Heaney burrows into archetypes in hopes of discovering or reviving a lost origin or lost ties to the past; he also rejects the notion that Heaney turns to the past in order to evade current political and cultural conflicts facing Ireland. In the author's view, Heaney explores the multiplicity of voices that constitute Ireland's traditions, literature, and history. Amid these voices the British question lingers, as Heaney must acknowledge a debt to the British literary tradition while recognizing Britain's long history of hegemony in Ireland. This comprehensive, up-to-date study is founded in a variety of critical and theoretical sources, including Heaney's own critical and creative writing, the standard critical assessments of Heaney's poetry, and the influential theoretical writings that emphasize poststructural, social-text, or postcolonial analysis.
Description : As well as offering an interpretive overview, the book is valuable in suggesting different perspectives on the poetry of specific key figures writing in Britain, Philip Larkin and Seamus Heaney.