The Smallest Biomolecules Diatomics and their Interactions with Heme Proteins

The Smallest Biomolecules  Diatomics and their Interactions with Heme Proteins
Author: Abhik Ghosh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2011-10-13
ISBN: 9780080556321
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Smallest Biomolecules Diatomics and their Interactions with Heme Proteins Book Excerpt:

This is not a book on NO biology, nor about hemoglobin, nor about heme-based sensors per se. Of course, it covers all these topics and more, but above all, it aims at providing a truly multidisciplinary perspective of heme-diatomic interactions. The overarching goal is to build bridges among disciplines, to bring about a meeting of minds. The contributors to this book hail from diverse university departments and disciplines – chemistry, biochemistry, molecular biology, microbiology, zoology, physics, medicine and surgery, bringing with them very different views of heme-diatomic interactions. The hope is that the juxtaposition of this diversity will lead to increased exchanges of ideas, approaches, and techniques across traditional disciplinary boundaries. The authors represent a veritable Who’s Who of heme protein research and include John Olson, Tom Spiro, Walter Zumft, F. Ann Walker, Teizo Kitagawa, W. Robert Scheidt, Pat Farmer, Marie-Alda Gilles-Gonzalez, and many other equally distinguished scientists. Extremely distinguished list of authors Multidisciplinary character – equally suitable for chemists and biochemists Covers the hottest topics in heme protein research: sensors, NO biology, new roles of hemoglobin, etc.

The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl HNO

The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl  HNO
Author: Fabio Doctorovich,Patrick J. Farmer,Marcelo A. Marti
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2016-09-01
ISBN: 0128011645
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl HNO Book Excerpt:

The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl (HNO) provides first-of-its-kind coverage of the intriguing biologically active molecule called nitroxyl, or azanone per IUPAC nomenclature, which has been traditionally elusive due to its intrinsically high reactivity. This useful resource provides the scientific basis to understand the chemistry, biology, and technical aspects needed to deal with HNO. Building on two decades of nitric oxide and nitroxyl research, the editors and authors have created an indispensable guide for investigators across a wide variety of areas of chemistry (inorganic, organic, organometallic, biochemistry, physical, and analytical); biology (molecular, cellular, physiological, and enzymology); pharmacy; and medicine. This book begins by exploring the unique molecule’s structure and reactivity, including important reactions with small molecules, thiols, porphyrins, and key proteins, before discussing chemical and biological sources of nitroxyl. Advanced chapters discuss methods for both trapping and detecting nitroxyl by spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and fluorescent inorganic cellular probing. Expanding on the compound’s foundational chemistry, this book then explores its molecular physiology to offer insight into its biological implications, pharmacological effects, and practical issues. Presents the first book on HNO (nitroxyl or azanone), an increasingly important molecule in biochemistry and pharmaceutical research Provides a valuable coverage of HNO’s chemical structure and significant reactions, including practical guidance on working with this highly reactive molecule Contains high quality content from recognized experts in both industry and academia

Nitrosyl Complexes in Inorganic Chemistry Biochemistry and Medicine II

Nitrosyl Complexes in Inorganic Chemistry  Biochemistry and Medicine II
Author: D. Michael P. Mingos
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2014-06-19
ISBN: 3642411606
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrosyl Complexes in Inorganic Chemistry Biochemistry and Medicine II Book Excerpt:

The series Structure and Bonding publishes critical reviews on topics of research concerned with chemical structure and bonding. The scope of the series spans the entire Periodic Table and addresses structure and bonding issues associated with all of the elements. It also focuses attention on new and developing areas of modern structural and theoretical chemistry such as nanostructures, molecular electronics, designed molecular solids, surfaces, metal clusters and supramolecular structures. Physical and spectroscopic techniques used to determine, examine and model structures fall within the purview of Structure and Bonding to the extent that the focus is on the scientific results obtained and not on specialist information concerning the techniques themselves. Issues associated with the development of bonding models and generalizations that illuminate the reactivity pathways and rates of chemical processes are also relevant. The individual volumes in the series are thematic. The goal of each volume is to give the reader, whether at a university or in industry, a comprehensive overview of an area where new insights are emerging that are of interest to a larger scientific audience. Thus each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years should be presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. A description of the physical basis of the experimental techniques that have been used to provide the primary data may also be appropriate, if it has not been covered in detail elsewhere. The coverage need not be exhaustive in data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the new principles being developed that will allow the reader, who is not a specialist in the area covered, to understand the data presented. Discussion of possible future research directions in the area is welcomed. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Readership: research scientists at universities or in industry, graduate students Special offer for all customers who have a standing order to the print version of Structure and Bonding, we offer free access to the electronic volumes of the Series published in the current year via SpringerLink.

Recent Advances in Microbial Oxygen Binding Proteins

Recent Advances in Microbial Oxygen Binding Proteins
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2015-11-26
ISBN: 0128033320
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Microbial Oxygen Binding Proteins Book Excerpt:

This latest volume in Advances in Microbial Physiology continues the long tradition of topical and important reviews in microbiology. Contains contributions from leading authorities in the field of microbial physiology Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field

Nitrosyl Complexes in Inorganic Chemistry Biochemistry and Medicine I

Nitrosyl Complexes in Inorganic Chemistry  Biochemistry and Medicine I
Author: D. Michael P. Mingos
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2014-06-05
ISBN: 3642411878
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrosyl Complexes in Inorganic Chemistry Biochemistry and Medicine I Book Excerpt:

The series Structure and Bonding publishes critical reviews on topics of research concerned with chemical structure and bonding. The scope of the series spans the entire Periodic Table and addresses structure and bonding issues associated with all of the elements. It also focuses attention on new and developing areas of modern structural and theoretical chemistry such as nanostructures, molecular electronics, designed molecular solids, surfaces, metal clusters and supramolecular structures. Physical and spectroscopic techniques used to determine, examine and model structures fall within the purview of Structure and Bonding to the extent that the focus is on the scientific results obtained and not on specialist information concerning the techniques themselves. Issues associated with the development of bonding models and generalizations that illuminate the reactivity pathways and rates of chemical processes are also relevant. The individual volumes in the series are thematic. The goal of each volume is to give the reader, whether at a university or in industry, a comprehensive overview of an area where new insights are emerging that are of interest to a larger scientific audience. Thus each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years should be presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. A description of the physical basis of the experimental techniques that have been used to provide the primary data may also be appropriate, if it has not been covered in detail elsewhere. The coverage need not be exhaustive in data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the new principles being developed that will allow the reader, who is not a specialist in the area covered, to understand the data presented. Discussion of possible future research directions in the area is welcomed. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Readership: research scientists at universities or in industry, graduate students Special offer For all customers who have a standing order to the print version of Structure and Bonding, we offer free access to the electronic volumes of the Series published in the current year via SpringerLink.

Advances in Microbial Physiology

Advances in Microbial Physiology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2017-07-28
ISBN: 0128123842
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Microbial Physiology Book Excerpt:

Advances in Microbial Physiology, Volume 71, continues the long tradition of topical, important, cutting-edge reviews in microbiology. The book contains updates in the field, with comprehensive chapters covering The Microbiology of Ruthenium Complexes, The role of plant growth-promoting bacteria in metal phytoremediation, the Mechanism and Role of Globin Coupled Sensor Signaling, Cytochrome bd and gaseous ligands in bacterial physiology, and Haem-Based Sensors of O2: Lessons and Perspectives. Contains contributions from leading authorities in microbial physiology Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field of microbial physiology

Computational Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Computational Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry
Author: Edward I. Solomon,Robert A. Scott,R. Bruce King
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2013-02-19
ISBN: 111861724X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Over the past several decades there have been major advances in ourability to computationally evaluate the electronic structure ofinorganic molecules, particularly transition metal systems. Thisadvancement is due to the Moore’s Law increase in computingpower as well as the impact of density functional theory (DFT) andits implementation in commercial and freeware programs for quantumchemical calculations. Improved pure and hybrid density functionalsare allowing DFT calculations with accuracy comparable tohigh-level Hartree-Fock treatments, and the results of thesecalculations can now be evaluated by experiment. When calculations are correlated to, and supported by,experimental data they can provide fundamental insight intoelectronic structure and its contributions to physical propertiesand chemical reactivity. This interplay continues to expand andcontributes to both improved value of experimental results andimproved accuracy of computational predictions. The purpose of this EIC Book is to provide state-of-the-artpresentations of quantum mechanical and related methods and theirapplications, written by many of the leaders in the field. Part 1of this volume focuses on methods, their background andimplementation, and their use in describing bonding properties,energies, transition states and spectroscopic features. Part 2focuses on applications in bioinorganic chemistry and Part 3discusses inorganic chemistry, where electronic structurecalculations have already had a major impact. This addition to theEIC Book series is of significant value to both experimentalistsand theoreticians, and we anticipate that it will stimulate bothfurther development of the methodology and its applications in themany interdisciplinary fields that comprise modern inorganic andbioinorganic chemistry. This volume is also available as part of Encyclopedia ofInorganic Chemistry, 5 Volume Set. This set combines all volumes published as EIC Books from 2007to 2010, representing areas of key developments in the field ofinorganic chemistry published in the Encyclopedia of InorganicChemistry. ahref="http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1119994284.html"Findout more/a.

Microbial Cyclic Di Nucleotide Signaling

Microbial Cyclic Di Nucleotide Signaling
Author: Shan-Ho Chou,Nicolas Guiliani,Vincent T. Lee,Ute Römling
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 657
Release: 2020-03-05
ISBN: 3030333086
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Cyclic Di Nucleotide Signaling Book Excerpt:

This book explores the broad and diverse biological and physiological impacts of established and newly discovered cyclic di-nucleotide second messenger signaling systems, while also providing descriptions of the intriguing biochemical characteristics of multiple turnover enzymes and receptors. The respective chapters discuss the commonalities and diversity of cyclic di-GMP, cyclic di-AMP and recently discovered cyclic GMP-AMP signaling systems in manifold Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The global human pathogens Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Vibrio cholerae, Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli and Streptococcus pneumoniae, the facultative human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, global plant pathogens as exemplified by Xanthomonas campestris and Burkholderia spp., and the omnipresent probiotic Lactobacilli, as well as environmentally important photoautotrophic cyanobacteria, the multicellular Myxococcus xanthus, and chemolithotrophic Acidithiobacillus are among the representatives of the microbial kingdom that are described. In turn, the various aspects of bacterial physiology affected by these signaling systems– e.g. biofilm formation and dispersal, the cell cycle, motility, virulence, production of antimicrobials, fundamental metabolism and osmohomeostasis – are discussed in detail in the context of different microorganisms. Dedicated chapters focus on the population diversity of cyclic dinucleotide signaling systems, their tendency to be horizontally transferred, the cyclic di-GMP signaling system in the social amoeba Dictyostelium, honorary cyclic (di)nucleotides, and the development of strategies for interfering with cyclic dinucleotide signaling in order to manipulate microbial behavior. Taken together, the chapters provide an authoritative source of information for a broad readership: beginners and advanced researchers from various disciplines; individuals seeking a broad overview of cyclic di-nucleotide signaling; and those who want to learn more about specific aspects. Also featuring reviews with a forward-looking perspective, the book offers a valuable source of inspiration for future research directions.

Nanobioelectrochemistry

Nanobioelectrochemistry
Author: Frank N. Crespilho
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2012-08-01
ISBN: 364229250X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanobioelectrochemistry Book Excerpt:

Nanobioelectrochemistry covers the modern aspects of bioelectrochemistry, nanoscience and materials science. The combination of nanostructured materials and biological molecules enables the development of biodevices capable to detect specific substances. Furthermore, by using the bioelectrochemistry approach, the interaction between bio-systems and nanostructured materials can be studied at the molecular level, where several mechanisms of molecular behavior are elucidate from redox reactions. The combination of biological molecules and novel nanomaterials components is of great importance in the process of developing new nanoscale devices for future biological, medical and electronic applications. This book describes some of the different electrochemical techniques that can be used to study new strategies for patterning electrode surfaces with enzymes, organelles, cells and biomimetic systems. Also, it focuses on how enzymes and microorganisms can be used as biological catalysts in fuel cells for green power generation. By bringing together these different aspects of nanobioelectrochemistry, this book provides a valuable source of information for many students and scientists.

The Cardiovascular System

The Cardiovascular System
Author: A. Kurt Gamperl,Todd E. Gillis,Anthony P. Farrell,Colin J. Brauner
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2017-11-22
ISBN: 0128041676
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cardiovascular System Book Excerpt:

The Cardiovascular System: Phenotypic and Physiological Responses, Volume 37, part of a two-volume set, provides comprehensive coverage of the current state of knowledge in this very active and growing field of research, also highlighting the tremendous diversity in cardiovascular morphology and function among the various fish taxa and the anatomical and physiological plasticity shown by this system when faced with various abiotic and biotic challenges. Specific chapters in this updated book include Research Technologies/Methodology for Studying Fish Cardiovascular Function, Cardiovascular Development in Embryonic and Larval Fishes, Cardiovascular Responses to Limiting Oxygen Levels, and Temperature and the Cardiovascular System. The book's chapters integrate molecular and cellular data with the growing body of knowledge on heart and in vivo cardiovascular function, and as a result, provide insights into some of the most interesting, and important, questions that still need to be answered in this field. Presents a comprehensive overview of cardiovascular structure and function in fish Provides a valuable resource for researchers in fish physiology and audiences within the fields of comparative morphology and histology, aquaculture and ecophysiology Highlights the tremendous diversity in cardiovascular morphology and function among the various fish taxa

Hemoglobin

Hemoglobin
Author: Jay F. Storz
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2018-11-08
ISBN: 0192538764
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hemoglobin Book Excerpt:

The primary aim of this book is to provide a synthesis of our current understanding of hemoglobin function and evolution, and to illustrate how research on one particular family of proteins has provided general insights into mechanisms of protein evolution and biochemical adaptation. In doing so, it will also promote an appreciation of how mechanistic insights into protein function can enrich our understanding of how evolution works. Reciprocally, it highlights how approaches in evolutionary genetics (such as phylogenetic comparative methods and ancestral sequence reconstruction) can be brought to bear on questions about the functional evolution of proteins. This treatise on the functional evolution of hemoglobin illustrates how research on a single, well-chosen model system can enhance our investigative acuity and bring key conceptual questions into especially sharp focus.

Handbook of Porphyrin Science Volumes 11 15 With Applications to Chemistry Physics Materials Science Engineering Biology and Medicine

Handbook of Porphyrin Science  Volumes 11     15   With Applications to Chemistry  Physics  Materials Science  Engineering  Biology and Medicine
Author: Karl M Kadish,Kevin M Smith,Roger Guilard
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 2588
Release: 2011-02-21
ISBN: 9814464155
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Porphyrin Science Volumes 11 15 With Applications to Chemistry Physics Materials Science Engineering Biology and Medicine Book Excerpt:

This is the third set of Handbook of Porphyrin Science.Porphyrins, phthalocyanines and their numerous analogues and derivatives are materials of tremendous importance in chemistry, materials science, physics, biology and medicine. They are the red color in blood (heme) and the green in leaves (chlorophyll); they are also excellent ligands that can coordinate with almost every metal in the Periodic Table. Grounded in natural systems, porphyrins are incredibly versatile and can be modified in many ways; each new modification yields derivatives, demonstrating new chemistry, physics and biology, with a vast array of medicinal and technical applications.As porphyrins are currently employed as platforms for study of theoretical principles and applications in a wide variety of fields, the Handbook of Porphyrin Science represents a timely ongoing series dealing in detail with the synthesis, chemistry, physicochemical and medical properties and applications of polypyrrole macrocycles. Professors Karl Kadish, Kevin Smith and Roger Guilard are internationally recognized experts in the research field of porphyrins, each having his own separate area of expertise in the field. Between them, they have published over 1500 peer-reviewed papers and edited more than three dozen books on diverse topics of porphyrins and phthalocyanines. In assembling the new volumes of this unique Handbook, they have selected and attracted the very best scientists in each sub-discipline as contributing authors.This Handbook will prove to be a modern authoritative treatise on the subject as it is a collection of up-to-date works by world-renowned experts in the field. Complete with hundreds of figures, tables and structural formulas, and thousands of literature citations, all researchers and graduate students in this field will find the Handbook of Porphyrin Science an essential, major reference source for many years to come.

Carbon Monoxide in Drug Discovery

Carbon Monoxide in Drug Discovery
Author: Binghe Wang,Leo E. Otterbein
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2022-05-10
ISBN: 1119783429
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon Monoxide in Drug Discovery Book Excerpt:

CARBON MONOXIDE IN DRUG DISCOVERY An insightful reference for the latest physiological and therapeutic studies of carbon monoxide In Carbon Monoxide in Drug Discovery: Basics, Pharmacology, and Therapeutic Potential, a team of distinguished authors delivers foundational knowledge, the latest research, and remaining challenges regarding the physiological roles and therapeutic efficacy of carbon monoxide (CO). The editors have included a broad selection of resources from leading experts in the field that discuss the background and physiological roles of CO, a variety of delivery forms including CO prodrugs using benign carriers, CO sensing, therapeutic applications, and clinical trials. Organized by topic to allow each chapter to be read individually, the book covers a wide range of topics, from physiological and patho-physiological mechanisms at the molecular level to clinical applications for multiple disease processes. The editors of Carbon Monoxide in Drug Discovery have created a compelling argument for shifting the accepted understanding of CO from poison to bioactive molecule with enormous clinical benefits. Readers will also benefit from: A thorough introduction to the background and physiological actions of carbon monoxide, including endogenous CO production in sickness and in health Comprehensive explorations of CO delivery forms, including non-carrier formulations, metal-carbonyl complexes, and organic CO donors Practical discussions of carbon monoxide sensing and scavenging, including fluorescent probes for intracellular carbon monoxide detection In-depth examinations of the therapeutic applications of CO, including CO in solid organ transplantation Perfect for professors, graduate students, and postdocs in the fields of biology, pharmacology, immunology, medicinal chemistry, toxicology, and drug delivery, Carbon Monoxide in Drug Discovery: Basics, Pharmacology, and Therapeutic Potential is also an invaluable resource for industrial scientists in these areas.

Letters to a Young Chemist

Letters to a Young Chemist
Author: Abhik Ghosh
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2011-04-04
ISBN: 9781118007082
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Letters to a Young Chemist Book Excerpt:

What’s it really like to be a chemist? Leading chemists share what they do, how they do it, and why they love it. “Letters to a young ...” has been a much-loved way for professionals in a field to convey their enthusiasm and the realities of what they do to the next generation. Now, Letters to a Young Chemist does the same for the chemical sciences. Written with a humorous touch by some of today’s leading chemists, this book presents missives to “Angela,” a fictional undergraduate considering a career in chemistry. The different chapters offer a mix of fundamental principles, contemporary issues, and challenges for the future. Marye Anne Fox, Chancellor of the University of California San Diego, talks about learning to do research and modern physical organic chemistry. Brothers Jonathan and Daniel Sessler explain the chemistry of anesthetics that make modern surgery possible while Elizabeth Nolan talks about biological imaging. Terry Collins talks about green chemistry, a more sustainable way of doing chemistry, while several authors including Carl Wamser, Harry Gray, John Magyar, and Penny Brothers discuss the crucial contributions that chemists can make in meeting global energy needs. Letters to a Young Chemist gives students and professionals alike a unique window into the real world of chemistry. Entertaining, informative, and full of honest and inspiring advice, it serves as a helpful guide throughout your education and career. “The different chapters describe both the wonders of the molecular world and the practical benefits afforded by chemistry ... and if any girl out there thinks that chemistry is a man’s world, this book should be a good antidote.” —Marye Anne Fox, Chancellor of the University of California, San Diego, and winner of the 2009 US National Medal of Science “Letters to a Young Chemist offers significant ammunition for motivating young people to consider chemistry as a career. ... This book should also be required reading for all faculty members who teach chemistry in high schools, colleges, and universities.” —Stephen J. Lippard, Arthur Amos Noyes Professor of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and winner of the 2006 US National Medal of Science

Quantum Biochemistry

Quantum Biochemistry
Author: Chérif F. Matta
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 978
Release: 2010-01-14
ISBN: 352762922X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Biochemistry Book Excerpt:

Divided into five major parts, the two volumes of this ready reference cover the tailoring of theoretical methods for biochemical computations, as well as the many kinds of biomolecules, reaction and transition state elucidation, conformational flexibility determination, and drug design. Throughout, the chapters gradually build up from introductory level to comprehensive reviews of the latest research, and include all important compound classes, such as DNA, RNA, enzymes, vitamins, and heterocyclic compounds. The result is in-depth and vital knowledge for both readers already working in the field as well as those entering it. Includes contributions by Prof. Ada Yonath (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009) and Prof. Jerome Karle (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1985).

Molecular Design in Inorganic Biochemistry

Molecular Design in Inorganic Biochemistry
Author: Daniel Rabinovich
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 153
Release: 2014-07-01
ISBN: 3662435993
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Design in Inorganic Biochemistry Book Excerpt:

Chemical structure and bonding. The scope of the series spans the entire Periodic Table and addresses structure and bonding issues associated with all of the elements. It also focuses attention on new and developing areas of modern structural and theoretical chemistry such as nanostructures, molecular electronics, designed molecular solids, surfaces, metal clusters and supramolecular structures. Physical and spectroscopic techniques used to determine, examine and model structures fall within the purview of Structure and Bonding to the extent that the focus is on the scientific results obtained and not on specialist information concerning the techniques themselves. Issues associated with the development of bonding models and generalizations that illuminate the reactivity pathways and rates of chemical processes are also relevant. The individual volumes in the series are thematic. The goal of each volume is to give the reader, whether at a university or in industry, a comprehensive overview of an area where new insights are emerging that are of interest to a larger scientific audience. Thus each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years should be presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. A description of the physical basis of the experimental techniques that have been used to provide the primary data may also be appropriate, if it has not been covered in detail elsewhere. The coverage need not be exhaustive in data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the new principles being developed that will allow the reader, who is not a specialist in the area covered, to understand the data presented. Discussion of possible future research directions in the area is welcomed. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors.

Porphyrin Science

Porphyrin Science
Author: Karl M. Kadish
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 2440
Release: 2010-03-01
ISBN: 981428016X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Porphyrin Science Book Excerpt:

Porphyrins, phthalocyanines and their numerous analogues and derivatives are materials of tremendous importance in chemistry, materials science, physics, biology and medicine. They are the red color in blood (heme) and the green in leaves (chlorophyll); they are also excellent ligands that can coordinate with almost every metal in the Periodic Table. Grounded in natural systems, porphyrins are incredibly versatile and can be modified in many ways; each new modification yields derivatives demonstrated new chemistry, physics and biology, with a vast array of medicinal and technical applications. As porphyrins are currently employed as platforms for study of theoretical principles and applications in a wide variety of fields, the Handbook of Porphyrin Science represents a timely ongoing series dealing in detail with the synthesis, chemistry, physicochemical and medical properties and applications of polypyrrole macrocycles. Professors Karl Kadish, Kevin Smith and Roger Guilard are internationally recognized experts in the research field of porphyrins, each having his own separate area of expertise in the field. Between them, they have published over 1500 peer-reviewed papers and edited more than three dozen books on diverse topics of porphyrins and phthalocyanines. In assembling the new volumes of this unique Handbook, they have selected and attracted the very best scientists in each sub-discipline as contributing authors of the chapters. This Handbook will prove to be a modern authoritative treatise on the subject as it is a collection of up-to-date works by world-renowned experts in the field. Complete with hundreds of figures, tables and structural formulas, and thousands of literature citations, all researchers and graduate students in this field will find the Handbook of Porphyrin Science an essential, major reference source for many years to come.

The Chemistry of Peroxides

The Chemistry of Peroxides
Author: Joel F. Liebman,Alexander Greer,Zvi Rappoport
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1120
Release: 2015-04-20
ISBN: 1118412710
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Chemistry of Peroxides Book Excerpt:

The understanding of functional groups is key for the understanding of all organic chemistry. In the tradition of the Patai Series each volume treats all aspects of functional groups. Each volume contains chapters on the theoretical and computational foundations; on analytical and spectroscopical aspects with dedicated chapters on Mass Spectrometry, NMR, IR/UV, etc.; on reaction mechanisms; on applications in syntheses. Depending on the functional group there are usually chapters on industrial use, on effects in biological and/or environmental systems. Volume 2 on Peroxides was published in 2006. In the years since this publication a lot of developments have taken place, especially in the areas of synthesis, analysis and a better theoretical understanding of the reaction mechanism.

Fish Physiology Hypoxia

Fish Physiology  Hypoxia
Author: Jeffrey G. Richards,Anthony P. Farrell,Colin J. Brauner
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 517
Release: 2009-03-10
ISBN: 9780080877990
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fish Physiology Hypoxia Book Excerpt:

Periods of environmental hypoxia (Low Oxygen Availability) are extremely common in aquatic systems due to both natural causes such as diurnal oscillations in algal respiration, seasonal flooding, stratification, under ice cover in lakes, and isolation of densely vegetated water bodies, as well as more recent anthropogenic causes (e.g. eutrophication). In view of this, it is perhaps not surprising that among all vertebrates, fish boast the largest number of hypoxia tolerant species; hypoxia has clearly played an important role in shaping the evolution of many unique adaptive strategies. These unique adaptive strategies either allow fish to maintain function at low oxygen levels, thus extending hypoxia tolerance limits, or permit them to defend against the metabolic consequences of oxygen levels that fall below a threshold where metabolic functions cannot be maintained. The aim of this volume is two-fold. First, this book will review and synthesize the adaptive behavioural, morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular strategies used by fish to survive hypoxia exposure and place them within an environmental and ecological context. Second, through the development of a synthesis chapter this book will serve as the cornerstone for directing future research into the effects of hypoxia exposures on fish physiology and biochemistry. The only single volume available to provide an in-depth discussion of the adaptations and responses of fish to environmental hypoxia Reviews and synthesizes the adaptive behavioural, morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular strategies used by fish to survive hypoxia exposure Includes discussion of the evolutionary and ecological consequences of hypoxia exposure in fish

Handbook of Porphyrin Science Volumes 6 10 With Applications to Chemistry Physics Materials Science Engineering Biology and Medicine

Handbook of Porphyrin Science  Volumes 6     10   With Applications to Chemistry  Physics  Materials Science  Engineering  Biology and Medicine
Author: Karl M Kadish,Kevin M Smith,Roger Guilard
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 2808
Release: 2010-06-29
ISBN: 9814464910
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Porphyrin Science Volumes 6 10 With Applications to Chemistry Physics Materials Science Engineering Biology and Medicine Book Excerpt:

This is the second set of Handbook of Porphyrin Science.Porphyrins, phthalocyanines and their numerous analogues and derivatives are materials of tremendous importance in chemistry, materials science, physics, biology and medicine. They are the red color in blood (heme) and the green in leaves (chlorophyll); they are also excellent ligands that can coordinate with almost every metal in the Periodic Table. Grounded in natural systems, porphyrins are incredibly versatile and can be modified in many ways; each new modification yields derivatives, demonstrating new chemistry, physics and biology, with a vast array of medicinal and technical applications.As porphyrins are currently employed as platforms for study of theoretical principles and applications in a wide variety of fields, the Handbook of Porphyrin Science represents a timely ongoing series dealing in detail with the synthesis, chemistry, physicochemical and medical properties and applications of polypyrrole macrocycles. Professors Karl Kadish, Kevin Smith and Roger Guilard are internationally recognized experts in the research field of porphyrins, each having his own separate area of expertise in the field. Between them, they have published over 1500 peer-reviewed papers and edited more than three dozen books on diverse topics of porphyrins and phthalocyanines. In assembling the new volumes of this unique Handbook, they have selected and attracted the very best scientists in each sub-discipline as contributing authors.This Handbook will prove to be a modern authoritative treatise on the subject as it is a collection of up-to-date works by world-renowned experts in the field. Complete with hundreds of figures, tables and structural formulas, and thousands of literature citations, all researchers and graduate students in this field will find the Handbook of Porphyrin Science an essential, major reference source for many years to come.