Masters Theses In The Pure And Applied Sciences

Author by : Wade H. Shafer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Masters Theses in the Pure and Applied Sciences was first conceived, published, and disseminated by the Center for Information and Numerical Oata Analysis and Synthesis (CINOAS) * at Purdue. University in 1957, starting its coverage of theses with the academic year 1955. Beginning with Volume 13, the printing and dissemination phases of the activity were transferred to University Microfilms/Xerox of Ann Arbor, Michigan, with the thought that such an arrangement would be more beneficial to the academic and general scientific and technical community. After five years of this joint undertaking we had concluded that it was in the interest of all con cerned if the printing and distribution of the volumes were handled by an interna tional publishing house to assure improved service and broader dissemination. Hence, starting with Volume 18, Masters Theses in the Pure and Applied Sciences has been disseminated on a worldwide basis by Plenum Publishing Cor poration of New York, and in the same year the coverage was broadened to include Canadian universities. All back issues can also be ordered from Plenum. We have reported in Volume 33 (thesis year 1988) a total of 13,273 theses titles from 23 Canadian and 1 85 United States universities. We are sure that this broader base for these titles reported will greatly enhance the value of this important annual reference work. While Volume 33 reports theses submitted in 1988, on occasion, certain univer sities do report theses submitted in previous years but not reported at the time.


Synthetic And Enzymatic Modifications Of The Peptide Backbone

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
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Description : Methods in Enzymology series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters. Each chapter is written by an international board of authors. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Methods of Enzymology series Updated release includes the latest information on the Synthetic and Enzymatic Modifications of the Peptide Backbone


Highlights In Bioorganic Chemistry

Author by : Carsten Schmuck
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
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Description : This is a fascinating introduction to the topic. Spanning the spectrum of nucleic acid chemistry, carbohydrates, peptides, molecular recognition, biosynthesis and natural biosynthesis, right up to medical and biophysical chemistry, the book provides advanced students and those already working in the field with a balanced overview. In more than 30 contributions, a new generation of recognized scientists gives an account of the latest research in such areas as * Artificial receptors for the stabilization of ß-sheet structures * Carbohydrate recognition by artificial receptors * Combinatorial chemistry as a tool for the discovery of catalysts * The interaction of NO and peroxynitrite with hemoglobin and myoglobin * Inhibitors against human mast-cell-tryptase as a potential approach to conquering asthma * The selectivity of DNA replication. A readily accessible survey for everyone wishing to stay abreast of developments. With a Foreword by Ronald Breslow.


Stability And Stabilization Of Biocatalysts

Author by : F.J. Plou
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
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Description : Six years after the symposium on Stability and Stabilization of Enzymes, a second symposium, Stability and Stabilization of Biocatalysts, on which this book is based, was organized. At the symposium, 210 participants representing all continents came together to learn from 150 oral and poster communications. The volume brings up-to-date the work already going on, and identifies possible breakthroughs in the research. This timely book therefore presents cutting edge developments in topics such as non-covalent processes in solution, protein engineering and thermophile enzymes, immobilized enzymes, non-conventional media, and whole cells. An excellent addition to the available literature, it will make a useful contribution to this key area of applied biocatalysis.


Synthetic Nucleic Acids As Inhibitors Of Gene Expression

Author by : Levon Michael Khachigian
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
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Description : In the post-genomic era we have, at our fingertips, an incredible array of genomic sequences from a multitude of complex organisms. There remains, however, the critical need to understand the precise roles individual genes play in complex biological milieu. Synthetic nucleic acids are at the cutting-edge of molecular strategies that target genes of interest in a specific, efficient and cost-effective manner. These tools are now being used as new and exciting gene-silencing agents in vitro, in a panoply of animal models, and as novel therapeutics in human disease. Synthetic Nucleic Acids as Inhibitors of Gene Expression: Mechanisms, Applications, and Therapeutic Implications brings together timely, authoritative reviews by renowned international leaders in the fields of ribozymes, RNA interference, DNAzymes and oligonucleotide decoys, with emphasis on biochemistry and translational research. The chapters on ribozymes include discussions of ribozyme subtypes, structure-function aspects, and therapeutic applications. This is followed by a comprehensive discussion of DNAzymes, their various subtypes, kinetics and biochemistry, and applications in target validation. Finally, the mechanisms and multiple therapeutic applications of double-stranded oligonucleotide decoys are described. For readers ranging from graduate students to researchers seeking target validation for pharmaceuticals to clinicians seeking innovative cancer and cardiovascular therapies, no resource is more complete and up to date than Synthetic Nucleic Acids as Inhibitors of Gene Expression: Mechanisms, Applications and Therapeutic Implications.


Engineering Of With Lipases

Author by : Portugal) with Lipases (1995 : Povoa de Varzim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : The innovative uses of lipases in a wide variety of organic syntheses and the modification of existing fats and oils have increased exponentially over the last five years, due to the increasing availability of lipases from (genetically engineered) microbial sources, coupled with their special capacity to act as catalysts at hydrophilic/hydrophobic interfaces. As a result of the structural characterisation performed during the same period, applications of these lipases can now be developed in a much more rational way. Engineering of/with Lipases presents two major topics: the design and production of lipases with desired, preselected properties, and the use of lipases for desired applications. Audience: Doctoral and post-doctoral crystallographers, biochemists, geneticists and enzyme kineticists. Food, chemical and biochemical engineers. The former will learn about the practical aims and constraints associated with industrial applications of lipases, enabling them to design lipases for specific purposes. The latter will learn how to take advantage of the structural knowledge of lipases and their metabolic genesis to better design media, processes and products in terms of biochemical and technical feasibility.


Carrier Bound Immobilized Enzymes

Author by : Linqiu Cao
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
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Total Read : 37
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Description : The first systematic overview of this key technique since the early 1990s, this authoritative reference is the only handbook available to include all recent developments. The author draws on his wide-ranging experience in both academia and industry to systematically cover all types of enzyme immobilization methods, such as adsorption-based and covalent immobilization, as well as enzyme entrapment and encapsulation. Throughout, a careful review of materials and techniques for the generation of functional immobilized enzymes benefits both developers and users of carrier-bound enzymes. A must for biotechnologists, biochemists and preparative chemists using enzymes in their daily work.


Enzyme Engineering Xiv

Author by : Allen I. Laskin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Combines fundamental and applied aspects, including preparing novel enzyme systems isolated from nature and using enzymes in a wide variety of industrial processes. A major theme is enzyme technology, which has had a broad impact in biotechnology, synthetic chemistry, pharmaceuticals, and agriculture. Some 120 papers include studies of biosensors for environmental monitoring, fighting nerve-agent chemical weapons with enzyme technology, the kinetics of inactivating enzymes by inert gas bubbling, applying thick-film technology in the mass production of biosensors, developing recombinant bacteria for degrading dibenzothiophene, sorbitol oxidase from microorganisms, improving the stability of soybean and horseradish peroxidases by covalent chemical modification, analyzing glycolysis-relevant compounds in saliva by microbiosensors, and designing and constructing a new nucleozyme. No subject index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


Synthesis Of Biocomposite Materials

Author by : Yukio Imanishi
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
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Total Read : 47
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Description : Biomaterials have been used for artificial-organ and bioreactor materials, and have gained importance for enhancement of human welfare. This book summarizes research devoted to creating useful biofunctional materials by chemical modification of natural polymers, and forecasts future development.


Modern Biocatalysis

Author by : Gavin Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : Royal Society of Chemistry
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Description : The synergy between synthetic biology and biocatalysis is emerging as an important trend for future sustainable processes. This book reviews all modern and novel techniques successfully implemented in biocatalysis, in an effort to provide better performing enzymatic systems and novel biosynthetic routes to (non-)natural products. This includes the use of molecular techniques in protein design and engineering, construction of artificial metabolic pathways, and application of computational methods for enzyme discovery and design. Stress is placed on current 'hot' topics in biocatalysis, where recent advances in research are defining new grounds in enzyme-catalyzed processes. With contributions from leading academics around the world, this book makes a ground-breaking contribution to this progressive field and is essential reading for graduates and researchers investigating (bio)catalysis, enzyme engineering, chemical biology, and synthetic biology.


Enzymatic Polymerization Towards Green Polymer Chemistry

Author by : Shiro Kobayashi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This book comprehensively covers researches on enzymatic polymerization and related enzymatic approaches to produce well-defined polymers, which is valuable and promising for conducting green polymer chemistry. It consists of twelve chapters, including the following topics: The three classes of enzymes, oxidoreductases, transferases and hydrolases, have been employed as catalysts for enzymatic polymerization and modification; Well-defined polysaccharides are produced by enzymatic polymerization catalyzed by hydrolases and transferases; Hydrolase-catalyzed polycondensation and ring-opening polymerization are disclosed to produce a variety of polyesters; Polyesters are synthesized by in-vivo acyltransferase catalysis produced by microorganisms; Enzymatic polymerization catalyzed by appropriate enzymes also produces polypeptides and other polymers; Poly(aromatic)s are obtained by enzymatic polymerization catalyzed by oxidoreductases and their model complexes; Such enzymes also induce oxidative polymerization of vinyl monomers; Enzymatic modification of polymers is achieved to produce functionalized polymeric materials; The enzymatic polymerization is a green process with non-toxic catalysts, high catalyst efficiency, green solvents and renewable starting materials, and minimal by-products; Moreover, renewable resources like biomass are potentially employed as a starting substrate, producing useful polymeric materials. This book is not only educative to young polymer chemists like graduate students but also suggestive to industrial researchers, showing the importance of the future direction of polymer synthesis for maintaining a sustainable society.


Encyclopedia Of Biomaterials And Biomedical Engineering

Author by : Gary E. Wnek
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
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Total Read : 60
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Description : Written by more than 400 subject experts representing diverse academic and applied domains, this multidisciplinary resource surveys the vanguard of biomaterials and biomedical engineering technologies utilizing biomaterials that lead to quality-of-life improvements. Building on traditional engineering principles, it serves to bridge advances in mat


Annual Reports In Medicinal Chemistry

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
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Total Read : 72
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Description : Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry


Bio Synthetic Hybrid Materials And Bionanoparticles

Author by : Alexander Böker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Royal Society of Chemistry
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 279
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Description : There is much interest in using biological structures for the fabrication of new functional materials. Recent developments in the particle character and behaviour of proteins and viral particles have had a major impact on the development of novel nanoparticle systems with new functions and possibilities. Bio-Synthetic Hybrid Materials and Bionanoparticles approaches the subject by covering the basics of disciplines involved as well as recent advances in new materials. The first section of the book focusses on the design and synthesis of different bionanoparticles and hybrid structures including the use of genetic modification as well as by organic synthesis. The second section of the book looks at the self-assembling behaviour of bionanoparticles to form new materials. The final section looks at bionanoparticle-based functional systems and materials including chapters on biomedical applications and electronic systems and devices. Edited by leading scientists in bionanoparticles, the book is a collaboration between scientists with different backgrounds and perspectives which will initiate the next generation of bio-based structures, materials and devices.


Biocatalysis Based On Heme Peroxidases

Author by : Eduardo Torres
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 88
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Description : The last systematic description of heme peroxidases was published in 1999 by Brian Dunford, from the University of Alberta in Canada. The book Heme per- idases covers discussion on three-dimensional structure, reaction mechanism, kinetics, and spectral properties of representative enzymes from bacterial, plant, fungal, and animal origin. Since 1999, vast information on basic but also applied aspects of heme peroxidases has been generated. We believe fusion of these two aspects will bene?t research of those dedicated to development of biocatalytic process. The aim of this book is to present recent advances on basic aspects such as evolution, structure–function relation, and catalytic mechanism, as well as applied aspects, such as bioreactor and protein engineering, in order to provide the tools for rational design of enhanced biocatalysts and biocatalytic processes. The book does not include an exhaustive listing of references but rather a selected collection to enrich discussion and to allow envisioning future directions for research. This book is organized in three parts. In Part I, current knowledge of structure and mechanism of peroxidases is covered. From the molecular phylogeny, going through the in?uence of structural factors over oxidative ability to the molecular mechanism of catalysis, the authors intend to provide an understanding of per- idases at the molecular level. The understanding of the fundamental behavior of peroxidases will allow further adequation, design, and/or optimization of pero- dase-based catalysis to a particular process. In Part II, research on potential applications of peroxidases in several ?elds is presented and discussed.


Applied Microbiology And Bioengineering

Author by : Pratyoosh Shukla
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 620
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Description : Applied Microbiology and Bioengineering: An Interdisciplinary Approach discusses recent advances in microbiology and cutting-edge biotechnology that have generated interest among researchers. The book is divided into several sections, including Enzymes in Bioprocessing, Human Health, Microbial Physiology and Biomedical Applications, and Bioprocess Development. Included are some of the latest developments in the field, like smart actuators for innovative biomedical applications, microalgal antenna engineering for improved bioprocess of biofuel, cell line engineering, and synbiotic foods. It is a useful reference for those in the applied microbiology and biotechnology fields, but will also be useful for practitioners in biotech. Provides insight into the various interdisciplinary research avenues which can be utilized to benefit current researchers and students Covers novel topic areas in the field of applied microbiology, like smart actuators for innovative biomedical application, microbial tyrosinases, production of halophilic alkaline protease, human probiotic applications, and the biotechnological aspects of methylobacterium Reviews innovative bio-processing technologies for horticultural products and the bioprocess development for synbiotic foods


New Trends In Natural And Synthetic Polymer Science

Author by : Cornelia Vasile
Languange : en
Publisher by : Nova Publishers
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Description : This collection of texts written by well-recognised specialists was constituted having in view these important directions of actual research. Sustainable economical growth requires safe resources of raw materials for the industrial production. Today's most frequently used industrial raw material, petroleum, is neither sustainable, because limited, nor environmentally friendly. While the economy of energy can be based on various alter-native raw materials, such as wind, sun, water, biomass, as well as nuclear fission and fusion, the economy of substances is fundamentally depending on biomass, in particular biomass of plants. In the last decades because of the crude oil and other natural resources crisis, a new alternative has been proposed consisting in utilisation of renewable natural resources as feedstock and fuel, among which the biomass is the most promising.


Carbohydrate Chemistry

Author by : Amelia Pilar Rauter
Languange : en
Publisher by : Royal Society of Chemistry
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Total Read : 43
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Description : Volume 40 of Carbohydrate Chemistry: Chemical and Biological Approaches demonstrates the importance of the glycosciences for innovation and societal progress. Carbohydrates are molecules with essential roles in biology and also serve as renewable resources for the generation of new chemicals and materials. Honouring Professor André Lubineau’s memory, this volume resembles a special collection of contributions in the fields of green and low-carbon chemistry, innovative synthetic methodology and design of carbohydrate architectures for medicinal and biological chemistry. Green methodology is illustrated by accounts on the industrial development of water-promoted reactions (C-glycosylation, cycloadditions) and the design of green processes and synthons towards sugar-based surfactants and materials. The especially challenging transformations at the anomeric center are presented in several contributions on glycosylation methodologies using iron or gold catalysis, electrochemical or enzymatic (thio)glycosylation, exo-glycal chemistry and bioengineering of carbohydrate synthases. Then, synthesis and structure of multivalent and supramolecular oligosaccharide architectures are discussed and related to their physical properties and application potential, e.g. for deepening our understanding of biological processes, such as enzymatic pathways or bacterial adhesion, and design of antibacterial, antifungal and innovative anticancer vaccines or drugs.


Natural Products From Plants Second Edition

Author by : Leland J. Cseke
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
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Description : 2008 NOMINEE The Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries Annual Award for a Significant Work in Botanical or Horticultural Literature From medicinal, industrial, and culinary uses to cutting-edge laboratory techniques in modern research and plant conservation strategies, Natural Products from Plants, Second Edition reveals a vastly expanded understanding of the natural products that plants produce. In a single volume, this bookoffers a thorough inventory of the various types of plant-derived compounds. It covers their chemical composition, structure, and properties alongside the most effective ways to identify, extract, analyze, and characterize new plant-derived compounds. The authors examine new information on the chemical mechanisms plants use to deter predators and pathogens, attract symbiotic organisms, and defend themselves against environmental stress—insights which are key for adapting such mechanisms to human health. Along with updated and revised information from the highly acclaimed first edition, the second edition presents seven new chapters and features more than 50% new material relating to plant constituents, natural product biochemistry, and molecular biology. The book incorporates in-depth treatment of natural product biosynthesis with new collection and extraction protocols, advanced separation and analytical techniques, up-to-date bioassays, as well as modern molecular biology and plant biotechnology for the production of natural products. Unique in its breadth and coverage, Natural Products from Plants, Second Edition belongs on the shelf of interested researchers, policymakers, and consumers— particularly those involved in disease prevention, treatment, and pharmaceutical applications—who need a complete guide to the properties, uses, and study of plant natural products.


From Enzyme Models To Model Enzymes

Author by : Anthony John Kirby
Languange : en
Publisher by : Royal Society of Chemistry
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
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Description : This introduction to the exciting area of artificial enzymes is suitable for students and more senior researchers.


Fundamentals Of Enzyme Engineering

Author by : Young Je Yoo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
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Description : This book provides a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of enzyme engineering, from fundamental principles through to the state-of-the-art in research and industrial applications. It begins with a brief history, describing the milestones of advancement in enzyme science and technology, before going on to cover the fundamentals of enzyme chemistry, the biosynthesis of enzymes and their production. Enzyme stability and the reaction kinetics during enzymatic reactions are presented to show how enzymes function during catalysis and the factors that affect their activity. Methods to improve enzyme performance are also presented, such as cofactor regeneration and enzyme immobilization. The book emphasizes and elaborates on the performance and characteristics of enzymes at the molecular level. Finally, the book presents recent advances in enzyme engineering and some key industrial application of enzymes addressing the present needs of society. This book presents essential information not only for undergraduate and graduate students, but also for researchers in academia and industry, providing a valuable reference for the development of commercial applications of enzyme technology.


Enzymes In Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Author by : Wong
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
Total Download : 669
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Description : This book covers the most recent development of enzymatic organic synthesis, with particular focus on the use of isolated enzymes. It is organized into one introductory chapter dealing with the characteristics of enzymes as catalysts, and five chapters dealing with different types of chemical transformations. Methods for enzyme immobilization and stabilizaton, the use of enzymes in extreme environments, and the alteration of enzyme properties by chemical modification and site-directed mutagenesis for synthetic purposes are covered.


Encyclopedia Of Supramolecular Chemistry Two Volume Set Print

Author by : Jerry L. Atwood
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 41
Total Download : 433
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Description : The two-volume Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry offers authoritative, centralized information on a rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. User-friendly and high-quality articles parse the latest supramolecular advancements and methods in the areas of chemistry, biochemistry, biology, environmental and materials science and engineering,


Journal Of Biotechnology

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
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Description :


Advances In Enzymology And Related Areas Of Molecular Biology

Author by : F. F. Nord
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 386
File Size : 54,5 Mb
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Description : Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology is a seminal series in the field of biochemistry, offering researchers access to authoritative reviews of the latest discoveries in all areas of enzymology and molecular biology. These landmark volumes date back to 1941, providing an unrivaled view of the historical development of enzymology. The series offers researchers the latest understanding of enzymes, their mechanisms, reactions and evolution, roles in complex biological process, and their application in both the laboratory and industry. Each volume in the series features contributions by leading pioneers and investigators in the field from around the world. All articles are carefully edited to ensure thoroughness, quality, and readability. With its wide range of topics and long historical pedigree, Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology can be used not only by students and researchers in molecular biology, biochemistry, and enzymology, but also by any scientist interested in the discovery of an enzyme, its properties, and its applications.


Elements Of Physical Oceanography

Author by : John H. Steele
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
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Description : Elements of Physical Oceanography is a derivative of the Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2nd Edition and serves as an important reference on current physical oceanography knowledge and expertise in one convenient and accessible source. Its selection of articles—all written by experts in their field—focuses on ocean physics, air-sea transfers, waves, mixing, ice, and the processes of transfer of properties such as heat, salinity, momentum and dissolved gases, within and into the ocean. Elements of Physical Oceanography serves as an ideal reference for topical research. References related articles in physical oceanography to facilitate further research Richly illustrated with figures and tables that aid in understanding key concepts Includes an introductory overview and then explores each topic in detail, making it useful to experts and graduate-level researchers Topical arrangement makes it the perfect desk reference