The Stalin Cult

Author by : Jan Plamper
Languange : en
Publisher by : Yale University Press
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Description : Between the late 1920s and the early 1950s, one of the most persuasive personality cults of all times saturated Soviet public space with images of Stalin. A torrent of portraits, posters, statues, films, plays, songs, and poems galvanized the Soviet population and inspired leftist activists around the world. In the first book to examine the cultural products and production methods of the Stalin cult, Jan Plamper reconstructs a hidden history linking artists, party patrons, state functionaries, and ultimately Stalin himself in the alchemical project that transformed a pock-marked Georgian into the embodiment of global communism. Departing from interpretations of the Stalin cult as an outgrowth of Russian mysticism or Stalin's psychopathology, Plamper establishes the cult's context within a broader international history of modern personality cults constructed around Napoleon III, Mussolini, Hitler, and Mao. Drawing upon evidence from previously inaccessible Russian archives, Plamper's lavishly illustrated and accessibly written study will appeal to anyone interested in twentieth-century history, visual studies, the politics of representation, dictator biography, socialist realism, and real socialism.


On The Creation Of Gods

Author by : Jonathon Randall Dreeze
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : Abstract: This thesis attempts to explain the continued presence of Vladimir Lenin's image in Joseph Stalin's cult of personality in the postwar era, long after the General Secretary no longer had to rely on his predecessor's image or persona to legitimize his power over the Soviet Union. While the presence of Lenin's image in the Stalin cult varied in both frequency and form, it continued to inform the imagery of Stalin cult up until the Soviet dictator's death in 1953 and the placement of his body alongside Lenin's in the newly christened Lenin-Stalin Mausoleum on Red Square. This thesis argues that the visual imagery of Stalin's cult used the image and persona of Vladimir Lenin as the founder of the Soviet state to legitimize Stalin's rule over the Soviet Union, and later to aggrandize the image of the General Secretary. This work also examines the changing purpose and nature of the Stalin cult, as well as the effect that World War II had on Stalin's image. It posits that before World War II, the main purpose of the visual imagery of the Stalin cult was to legitimize Stalin's rule over the Soviet Union, as well as his plans for constructing socialism through collectivization and industrialization. With victory over Nazi Germany in World War II and its legitimization of Stalin's rule and policies, the purpose of the Stalin cult changed from legitimizing Stalin's rule to aggrandizing his image. This thesis ultimately concludes that while the Stalin cult propelled the image of the Soviet dictator to near god-like heights of grandeur as a result of the victory in World War II, such resplendent depictions of Stalin relied heavily on the symbolic power of Lenin's image within, and at times outside of, the Stalin cult in order elevate the General Secretary to such glorified heights.


The Leader Cult In Communist Dictatorships

Author by : B. Apor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 365
File Size : 42,8 Mb
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Description : The first book to analyze the distinct leader cults that flourished in the era of 'High Stalinism' as an integral part of the system of dictatorial rule in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Fifteen studies explore the way in which these cults were established, their function and operation, their dissemination and reception, the place of the cults in art and literature, the exportation of the Stalin cult and its implantment in the communist states of Eastern Europe, and the impact which de-Stalinisation had on these cults.


Personality Cults In Stalinism

Author by : Klaus Heller
Languange : de
Publisher by : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
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Total Read : 46
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The Personality Cult Of Stalin In Soviet Posters 1929 1953

Author by : Anita Pisch
Languange : en
Publisher by : ANU Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 359
File Size : 41,9 Mb
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Description : From 1929 until 1953, Iosif Stalin’s image became a central symbol in Soviet propaganda. Touched up images of an omniscient Stalin appeared everywhere: emblazoned across buildings and lining the streets; carried in parades and woven into carpets; and saturating the media of socialist realist painting, statuary, monumental architecture, friezes, banners, and posters. From the beginning of the Soviet regime, posters were seen as a vitally important medium for communicating with the population of the vast territories of the USSR. Stalin’s image became a symbol of Bolshevik values and the personification of a revolutionary new type of society. The persona created for Stalin in propaganda posters reflects how the state saw itself or, at the very least, how it wished to appear in the eyes of the people. The ‘Stalin’ who was celebrated in posters bore but scant resemblance to the man Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, whose humble origins, criminal past, penchant for violent solutions and unprepossessing appearance made him an unlikely recipient of uncritical charismatic adulation. The Bolsheviks needed a wise, nurturing and authoritative figure to embody their revolutionary vision and to legitimate their hold on power. This leader would come to embody the sacred and archetypal qualities of the wise Teacher, the Father of the nation, the great Warrior and military strategist, and the Saviour of first the Russian land, and then the whole world. This book is the first dedicated study on the marketing of Stalin in Soviet propaganda posters. Drawing on the archives of libraries and museums throughout Russia, hundreds of previously unpublished posters are examined, with more than 130 reproduced in full colour. The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929–1953 is a unique and valuable contribution to the discourse in Stalinist studies across a number of disciplines.


The Spatial Cosmology Of The Stalin Cult Ritual Myth And Metanarrative

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 93
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Description : This paper will focus on Stalin's use of Soviet space throughout the 1930s and the relationship this had with the developing Stalin cult. In the thirties, Stalin had consolidated power and from as early as 1929 the Stalin cult was beginning to emerge. However, the cult was more than merely an embodiment of the state's totalitarian nature. It was built on, and sustained by, a complex metanarrative which drew heavily on ritual, mythology and history. By looking at the relationship between the development of the Stalin cult and development of this spatial metanarrative, this paper will focus on the production and projection of the cult onto the Soviet topos, creating what Eric Naiman has termed a "virtual landscape". In this transient topography Stalin's cultivation of spatial mythology was essential in the configuration and authentication of the cult. The Stalin cult of the thirties defined, and was in turn itself defined, by two main spaces: Moscow and the Arctic (centre and periphery). By deconstructing the spatial metanarrative attached to these two spaces, this paper will analyse how Stalin used space to facilitate a mental environment that expedited the development of his cult.


Generation Stalin

Author by : Andrew Sobanet
Languange : en
Publisher by : Indiana University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
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Description : Generation Stalin traces Joseph Stalin's rise as a dominant figure in French political culture from the 1930s through the 1950s. Andrew Sobanet brings to light the crucial role French writers played in building Stalin's cult of personality and in disseminating Stalinist propaganda in the international Communist sphere, including within the USSR. Based on a wide array of sources—literary, cinematic, historical, and archival—Generation Stalin situates in a broad cultural context the work of the most prominent intellectuals affiliated with the French Communist Party, including Goncourt winner Henri Barbusse, Nobel laureate Romain Rolland, renowned poet Paul Eluard, and canonical literary figure Louis Aragon. Generation Stalin arrives at a pivotal moment, with the Stalin cult and elements of Stalinist ideology resurgent in twenty-first-century Russia and authoritarianism on the rise around the world.


The Leader Cult In Communist Dictatorship

Author by : Balázs Apor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Palgrave Macmillan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 562
File Size : 55,9 Mb
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Description : This is the first book to analyze the distinct leader cults that flourished in the era of "High Stalinism" as an integral part of the system of dictatorial rule in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Fifteen studies explore the way in which these cults were established, their function and operation, their dissemination and reception, the place of the cults in art and literature, the exportation of the Stalin cult and its implantment in the communist states of Eastern Europe, and the impact which de-Stalinisation had on these cults.


The Personality Cult Of Stalin In Soviet Posters 1929 1953 Archetypes Inventions And Fabrications

Author by : Anita Pisch
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 889
File Size : 53,7 Mb
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Description : From 1929 until 1953, Iosif Stalin's image became a central symbol in Soviet propaganda. Touched up images of an omniscient Stalin appeared everywhere: emblazoned across buildings and lining the streets; carried in parades and woven into carpets; and saturating the media of socialist realist painting, statuary, monumental architecture, friezes, banners, and posters. From the beginning of the Soviet regime, posters were seen as a vitally important medium for communicating with the population of the vast territories of the USSR. Stalin's image became a symbol of Bolshevik values and the personification of a revolutionary new type of society. The persona created for Stalin in propaganda posters reflects how the state saw itself or, at the very least, how it wished to appear in the eyes of the people. The 'Stalin' who was celebrated in posters bore but scant resemblance to the man Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, whose humble origins, criminal past, penchant for violent solutions and unprepossessing appearance made him an unlikely recipient of uncritical charismatic adulation. The Bolsheviks needed a wise, nurturing and authoritative figure to embody their revolutionary vision and to legitimate their hold on power. This leader would come to embody the sacred and archetypal qualities of the wise Teacher, the Father of the nation, the great Warrior and military strategist, and the Saviour of first the Russian land, and then the whole world. This book is the first dedicated study on the marketing of Stalin in Soviet propaganda posters. Drawing on the archives of libraries and museums throughout Russia, hundreds of previously unpublished posters are examined, with more than 130 reproduced in full colour. The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929-1953 is a unique and valuable contribution to the discourse in Stalinist studies across a number of disciplines.


The Invisible Shining

Author by : Balázs Apor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Central European University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 607
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Description : This book offers a detailed analysis of the construction, reception, and eventual decline of the cult of the Hungarian Communist Party Secretary, Mátyás Rákosi, one of the most striking examples of orchestrated adulation in the Soviet bloc. While his cult never approached the magnitude of that of Stalin, Rákosi’s ambition to outshine the other “best disciples” and become the best of the best was manifest in his diligence in promoting a Soviet-type ritual system in Hungary. The main argument of The Invisible Shining is that the cult of personality is not just a curious aspect of communist dictatorship, it is an essential element of it. The monograph is primarily concerned with techniques and methods of cult construction, as well as the role various institutions played in the creation of mythical representations of political figures. While engaging with a wider international literature on Stalinist cults, the author uses the case of Rákosi to explore how personality cults are created, how such cults are perceived, and how they are eventually unmade. The book addresses the success—generally questionable—of such projects, as well as their uncomfortable legacies.


Stalin S Cult Of Personality

Author by : Graeme J. Reid
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 132
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International Communism And The Cult Of The Individual

Author by : Kevin Morgan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
Total Download : 305
File Size : 47,6 Mb
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Description : This book explores how the communist cult of the individual was not just a Soviet phenomenon but an international one. When Stalin died in 1953, the communists of all countries united in mourning the figure that was the incarnation of their cause. Though its international character was one of the distinguishing features of the communist cult of personality, this is the first extended study to approach the phenomenon over the longer period of its development in a truly transnational and comparative perspective. Crucially it is concerned with the internationalisation of the Soviet cults of Lenin and Stalin. But it also ranges across different periods and national cases to consider a wider cast of bureaucrats, tribunes, heroes and martyrs who symbolised both resistance to oppression and the tyranny of the party-state. Through studying the disparate ways in which the cults were manifested, Kevin Morgan not only takes in many of the leading personalities of the communist movement, but also some of the cultural luminaries like Picasso and Barbusse who sought to represent them. The cult of the individual was one of the most fascinating, troubling and revealing features of Stalinist communism, and as reconstructed here it offers new insight into one of the defining political movements of the twentieth century.


The Cult Of Ivan The Terrible In Stalin S Russia

Author by : M. Perrie
Languange : en
Publisher by : Palgrave Macmillan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
Total Download : 665
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Description : Ivan IV, the sixteenth-century Russian tsar notorious for his reign of terror, became an unlikely national hero in the Soviet Union during the 1940s. This book traces the development of Ivan's positive image, placing it in the context of Stalin's campaign for patriotism. In addition to historians' images of Ivan, the author examines literary and artistic representations, including Sergei Eisenstein's famous film, banned for its depiction of the tsar which was interpreted as an allegorical criticism of Stalin.


Redefining Stalinism

Author by : Harold Shukman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 187
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Description : Born in 1879 in Georgia, Stalin joined the Bolsheviks under Lenin in 1903 and became General Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922. These edited papers reassess the deeds, policies and legacy of a man who was responsible for innumerable deaths and untold human misery.


The Stalin Era

Author by : Philip Boobbyer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
Total Download : 153
File Size : 54,6 Mb
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Description : This book provides a wide-ranging history of every aspect of Stalin's dictatorship over the peoples of the Soviet Union. Drawing upon a huge array of primary and secondary sources, The Stalin Era is a first-hand account of Stalinist thought, policy and and their effects. It places the man and his ideology into context both within pre-Revolutionary Russia, Lenin's Soviet Union and post-Stalinist Russia. The Stalin Era examines: * collectivisation * industrialisation * terror * government * the Cult of Stalin * education and Science * family * religion: The Russian Orthodox Church * art and the state.


Lenin Lives

Author by : Nina Tumarkin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
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Description : Was the deification of Lenin a show of spontaneous affection--or a planned political operation designed to solidify the revolution with the masses? This book provides a startling answer. Exploring the cult's mystical, historical, and political aspects, Tumarkin demonstrates the galvanizing power of ritual in the establishment of the post-revolutionary regime. In a new Preface and Postscript, she brings the story up to date, considering the fall of the Soviet Union and Russia's new democracy.


Behind The Legends

Author by : John Heath
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peter Lang
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 342
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Description : Stefan Heym's very beginnings as a writer were a direct response to the threat of Fascism and the mass veneration of Hitler, and in his American exile he was to encounter the marketing and image machinery of capitalism and democratic politics. After arriving in the GDR in the wake of McCarthyism he was then confronted with the Stalin cult and the stark contradiction between the personality cult and the purported aims of the Communist vision. This book examines Heym's response to a problem that did not die out with the collapse of the Soviet bloc and which he treated as a universal phenomenon, and probes the extent to which he employed various publicity techniques to shape his own reception as a writer. In this analysis of an often controversial figure, the author draws on much uncovered archive material, and places close readings in a broad context; this is one of few studies that deal with Heym's career as a whole, from his beginnings in the Weimar Republic and Czechoslovakia and his overnight success in America through to his eminence as an intellectual public figure in the GDR and the reunified Germany.


The Cult Of Stalin 1929 1939

Author by : James Lee Heizer
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 47
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Stalin And Stalinism

Author by : Martin McCauley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Pearson Education
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 895
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Description : One of the most successful dictators of the twentieth century, Stalin believed that fashioning a better tomorrow was worth sacrificing the lives of millions today. He built a modern Russia on the corpses of millions of its citizens. First published in 1983, Stalin and Stalinism has established itself as one of the most popular textbooks for those who want to understand the Stalin phenomenon. Written in a clear and accessible manner, and fully updated throughout to incorporate recent research findings, the book also contains a chronology of key events, Who?s Who and Guide to Further Reading. This concise assessment of one of the major figures of twentieth century world history remains an essential purchase for students studying the subject.


Stalin And Stalinism

Author by : Alan Wood
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 162
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Description : Examination of Stalin's ambiguous personal and political legacy, his achievements and his crimes - all now under intense scrutiny and reappraisal throughout the USSR and Eastern Europe.


The Stalin Phenomenon

Author by : Anatoliĭ Pavlovich Butenko
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 254
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Description :


The Cult Of Stalin

Author by : Barbara Cynthia Kiteme
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
Total Download : 138
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Description :


The Stalin Phenomenon

Author by : Jean Elleinstein
Languange : en
Publisher by : London : Lawrence and Wishart
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 620
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Description :


The Cult Of Unity

Author by : Doubravka Olšáková
Languange : cs
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
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Description :


The Dilemmas Of De Stalinization

Author by : Polly Jones
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
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Description : The Khrushchev era is increasingly seen as a period in its own right, and not just as 'post-Stalinism' or a forerunner of subsequent 'thaws' and 'reform from within'. This book provides a comprehensive history of reform in the period, focusing especially on social and cultural developments. Since the opening of the former Soviet archives, much new information has become available casting light on how far official policies correlated with popular views. Overall the book appraises how far 'Destalinization' went; and whether developments in the period represented a real desire for reform, or rather an attempt to fortify the Soviet system, but on different lines.


The Crimes Of The Stalin Era

Author by : Никита Сергеевич Хрущев
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 52
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Description :