The Structure and Interpretation of the Standard Model

The Structure and Interpretation of the Standard Model
Author: Gordon McCabe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2011-08-30
ISBN: 9780080498300
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Structure and Interpretation of the Standard Model Book Excerpt:

This book provides a philosophically informed and mathematically rigorous introduction to the 'standard model' of particle physics. The standard model is the currently accepted and experimentally verified model of all the particles and interactions in our universe. All the elementary particles in our universe, and all the non-gravitational interactions -the strong nuclear force, the weak nuclear force, and the electromagnetic force - are collected together and, in the case of the weak and electromagnetic forces, unified in the standard model. Rather than presenting the calculational recipes favored in most treatments of the standard model, this text focuses upon the elegant mathematical structures and the foundational concepts of the standard model. · Combines an exposition of the philosophical foundations and rigorous mathematical structure of particle physics · Demonstrates the standard model with elegant mathematics, rather than a medley of computational recipes · Promotes a group-theoretical and fibre-bundle approach to the standard model, rather than the Lagrangian approach favoured by calculationalists · Explains the different approaches to particle physics and the standard model which can be found within the literature

Facing the Future

Facing the Future
Author: Nuel D. Belnap,Michael Perloff,Ming Xu
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 501
Release: 2001
ISBN: 0195138783
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Facing the Future Book Excerpt:

Here is an important new theory of human action, a theory that assumes actions are founded on choices made by agents who face an open future. It is a theory that makes indeterminism not only intelligible but illuminating. Tools from philosophy of language and philosophical logic help generate a full-scale account of agents "seeing to it that." The authors then proceed to clarify a variety of action-related topics such as determinism vs. indeterminism, imperatives, promises, strategies, joint agency, "could have done otherwise," deontic constructions, and assertions about a not yet settled future.

The Beginning and the End

The Beginning and the End
Author: Clément Vidal
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 379
Release: 2014-05-16
ISBN: 3319050621
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Beginning and the End Book Excerpt:

In this fascinating journey to the edge of science, Vidal takes on big philosophical questions: Does our universe have a beginning and an end or is it cyclic? Are we alone in the universe? What is the role of intelligent life, if any, in cosmic evolution? Grounded in science and committed to philosophical rigor, this book presents an evolutionary worldview where the rise of intelligent life is not an accident, but may well be the key to unlocking the universe's deepest mysteries. Vidal shows how the fine-tuning controversy can be advanced with computer simulations. He also explores whether natural or artificial selection could hold on a cosmic scale. In perhaps his boldest hypothesis, he argues that signs of advanced extraterrestrial civilizations are already present in our astrophysical data. His conclusions invite us to see the meaning of life, evolution and intelligence from a novel cosmological framework that should stir debate for years to come.

CPT Invariance and the Spin Statistics Connection

CPT Invariance and the Spin Statistics Connection
Author: Jonathan Bain
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2016-04-08
ISBN: 0191044555
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

CPT Invariance and the Spin Statistics Connection Book Excerpt:

This book seeks to answer the question "What explains CPT invariance and the spin-statistics connection?" These properties play foundational roles in relativistic quantum field theories (RQFTs), are supported by high-precision experiments, and figure into explanations of a wide range of phenomena, from antimatter, to the periodic table of the elements, to superconductors and superfluids. They can be derived in RQFTs by means of the famous CPT and Spin-Statistics theorems; but, the author argues, these theorems cannot be said to explain these properties, at least under standard philosophical accounts of scientific explanation. This is because there are multiple, in some cases incompatible, ways of deriving these theorems, and, secondly, because the theorems fail for the types of theories that underwrite the empirical evidence: non-relativistic quantum theories, and realistic interacting RQFTs. The goal of this book is to work towards an understanding of CPT invariance and the spin-statistics connection by first providing an analysis of the necessary and sufficient conditions for these properties, and second by advocating a particular account of explanation appropriate for this context.

Structure and Interpretation in Natural Language

Structure and Interpretation in Natural Language
Author: Marc Authier,Lisa A. Reed
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 180
Release: 1999
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Generative grammar
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structure and Interpretation in Natural Language Book Excerpt:

Foundations of Mathematics and Physics One Century After Hilbert

Foundations of Mathematics and Physics One Century After Hilbert
Author: Joseph Kouneiher
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 441
Release: 2018-05-26
ISBN: 3319648136
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foundations of Mathematics and Physics One Century After Hilbert Book Excerpt:

This book explores the rich and deep interplay between mathematics and physics one century after David Hilbert’s works from 1891 to 1933, published by Springer in six volumes. The most prominent scientists in various domains of these disciplines contribute to this volume providing insight to their works, and analyzing the impact of the breakthrough and the perspectives of their own contributions. The result is a broad journey through the most recent developments in mathematical physics, such as string theory, quantum gravity, noncommutative geometry, twistor theory, Gauge and Quantum fields theories, just to mention a few. The reader, accompanied on this journey by some of the fathers of these theories, explores some far reaching interfaces where mathematics and theoretical physics interact profoundly and gets a broad and deep understanding of subjects which are at the core of recent developments in mathematical physics. The journey is not confined to the present state of the art, but sheds light on future developments of the field, highlighting a list of open problems. Graduate students and researchers working in physics, mathematics and mathematical physics will find this journey extremely fascinating. All those who want to benefit from a comprehensive description of all the latest advances in mathematics and mathematical physics, will find this book very useful too.

Idioms

Idioms
Author: Cristina Cacciari,Patrizia Tabossi
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2014-02-25
ISBN: 1317782631
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Idioms Book Excerpt:

"The book draws on a lot of research, is friendly to the reader, and will be of good value to teachers." Paul Nation, Victoria University of Wellington, Australia This comprehensive, up-to-date, and accessible text on idiom use, learning, and teaching approaches the topic with a balance of sound theory and extensive research in cognitive linguistics, psycholinguistics, corpus linguistics, and sociolinguistics combined with informed teaching practices. Idioms is organized in three parts: Part I includes discussion of idiom definition, classification, usage patterns, and functions. Part II investigates the process involved in the comprehension of idioms and the factors that influence individuals’ understanding and use of idioms in both L1 and L2. Part III explores idiom acquisition and the teaching and learning of idioms, focusing especially on the strategies and techniques used to help students learn idioms. To assist the reader in grasping the key issues, study questions are provided at the end of each chapter. The text also includes a glossary of special terms and an annotated list of selective idiom reference books and student textbooks. Idioms is designed to serve either as a textbook for ESL/applied linguistics teacher education courses or as a reference book. No matter how the book is used, it will equip an ESL/applied linguistics students and professionals with a solid understanding of various issues related to idioms and the learning of them.

D Brane

D Brane
Author: Koji Hashimoto
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2012-01-13
ISBN: 3642235743
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

D Brane Book Excerpt:

Superstring theory is a promising theory which can potentially unify all the forces and the matters in particle physics. A new multi-dimensional object which is called "D-brane" was found. It drastically changed our perspective of a unified world. We may live on membrane-like hypersurfaces in higher dimensions ("braneworld scenario"), or we can create blackholes at particle accelarators, or the dynamics of quarks is shown to be equivalent to the higher dimensional gravity theory. All these scenarios are explained in this book with plain words but with little use of equations and with many figures. The book starts with a summary of long-standing problems in elementary particle physics and explains the D-branes and many applications of them. It ends with future roads for a unified ultimate theory of our world.

Israel the Church and Millenarianism

Israel  the Church  and Millenarianism
Author: Steven D. Aguzzi
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2017-07-28
ISBN: 1317111907
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Israel the Church and Millenarianism Book Excerpt:

Since the calls of the Second Vatican Council, Roman Catholic theologians have sought to overcome an overarching problem facing Jewish–Christian relations, the concept of "supersessionism"; the idea that God has revoked the spiritual and historical promises made to the Jewish people in favour of granting those same privileges to a predominantly Gentile Church. Israel, the Church, and Millenarianism breaks new ground by applying an ancient principle to the problem of Israel’s "replacement": the early Church’s promotion of millennialism. Utilizing the best in Patristic research, Aguzzi argues that these earliest Christian traditions made room for the future of Israel because Christ’s reign in the Church was viewed as provisional to his historical reign on earth—Israel’s role in salvation history was and is not yet complete. Aguzzi’s research also opens the door for a greater Catholic understanding of the millennial principle, not shying away from its validity and relevance for understanding the importance of safeguarding Jewish particularity, while concluding that the Synagogue and the Church are indeed on a parallel trajectory; "...what will their...[Israel’s]...acceptance be but life from the dead?" (Romans 11:15). Ultimately, the divine will is fulfilled through both Christian and Jewish means, in history, while each community is dependent, in different ways, upon the unfolding of God’s future and the coming Parousia of Christ.

Heavy Flavours II

Heavy Flavours II
Author: A J Buras,M Lindner
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 848
Release: 1998-06-25
ISBN: 9814500615
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heavy Flavours II Book Excerpt:

This volume is a collection of review articles on the most outstanding topics in heavy flavour physics. All the authors have made significant contributions to this field. The book reviews in detail the theoretical structure of heavy flavour physics and confronts the Standard Model and some of its extensions with existing experimental data. This new edition covers new trends and ideas and includes the latest experimental information. Compared to the previous edition interesting new activities are included and some of the key contributions are updated. Particular attention is paid to the discovery of the top quark and the determination of its mass. Contents: Electroweak Radiation Corrections After the Top Quark Discovery (W Hollik)Quark Mixing, CP Violation and Rare Decays After the Top Quark Discovery (A J Buras & R Fleischer)B Decays and the Heavy-Quark Expansion (M Neubert)Non-leptonic Weak Decays of B Mesons (M Neubert & B Stech)QCD Sum Rules for Exclusive Decays of Heavy Mesons (A Khodjamirian & R Rückl)Heavy Quark Physics from Lattice QCD (J M Flynn & C T Sachrajda)Tau Physics (A Pich)Heavy Flavors in High Energy Electron–Positron Collisions (J H Kühn & P M Zerwas)Heavy-Quark Production (S Frixione et al.)Dynamical Electro-weak Symmetry Breaking with a Standard Model Limit (M Lindner & E Schnapka)C P Violation Beyond the Standard Model (Y Grossman et al.)Supersymmetry and FCNC Effects (M Misiak et al.)and other papers Readership: Elementary particle physicists. keywords:

The Quantum of Explanation

The Quantum of Explanation
Author: Randall E. Auxier,Gary L. Herstein
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2017-03-31
ISBN: 1351792474
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Quantum of Explanation Book Excerpt:

The Quantum of Explanation advances a bold new theory of how explanation ought to be understood in philosophical and cosmological inquiries. Using a complete interpretation of Alfred North Whitehead’s philosophical and mathematical writings and an interpretive structure that is essentially new, Auxier and Herstein argue that Whitehead has never been properly understood, nor has the depth and breadth of his contribution to the human search for knowledge been assimilated by his successors. This important book effectively applies Whitehead’s philosophy to problems in the interpretation of science, empirical knowledge, and nature. It develops a new account of philosophical naturalism that will contribute to the current naturalism debate in both Analytic and Continental philosophy. Auxier and Herstein also draw attention to some of the most important differences between the process theology tradition and Whitehead’s thought, arguing in favor of a Whiteheadian naturalism that is more or less independent of theological concerns. This book offers a clear and comprehensive introduction to Whitehead’s philosophy and is an essential resource for students and scholars interested in American philosophy, the philosophy of mathematics and physics, and issues associated with naturalism, explanation and radical empiricism.

Nuclear Alternative

Nuclear Alternative
Author: William L. Stubbs
Publsiher: Xlibris Corporation
Total Pages: 146
Release: 2008-06-12
ISBN: 1469120739
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Alternative Book Excerpt:

The Standard Model has been the model of choice for nuclear structure since the late 1960s. However, 40 years later, scientists are still struggling to validate it. Nuclear Alternative offers an alternative explanation for the structure of matter that uses particles and forces observed and characterized since the 1930s. By redesigning the models of the proton, neutron, and electron, and developing a nuclear binding mechanism similar to covalent bonds in atoms, the book systematically develops models for more than 250 stable nuclei. It then uses the models to explain alpha and beta decay, and nuclear fission and fusion.

Self Assembly Pattern Formation and Growth Phenomena in Nano Systems

Self Assembly  Pattern Formation and Growth Phenomena in Nano Systems
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9781402043536
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Self Assembly Pattern Formation and Growth Phenomena in Nano Systems Book Excerpt:

Story Of Antimatter The Matter s Vanished Twin

Story Of Antimatter  The  Matter s Vanished Twin
Author: Guennadi Borissov
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2018-04-26
ISBN: 9813228776
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Story Of Antimatter The Matter s Vanished Twin Book Excerpt:

'Overall, the text is very well written in a style that is precise yet easy to understand and interesting to follow … It does not refer to scientific or other publications or suggest further reading, but is completely self-contained. This makes it highly accessible for non-experts. It is intended for ‘serious readers with some general background knowledge in physics, although no specialist knowledge is required’. And it can indeed be recommended to any reader with a scientific interest in the subject, and also as a good recreational read for experts. This is even more true due to the excellent quality of the paper and the print, and the nice format and overall making of the book.'Contemporary PhysicsEach elementary particle contained within every known substance has an almost identical twin called its antiparticle. Existing data clearly indicate that equal numbers of particles and antiparticles were initially created soon after the birth of the universe. Despite this, all objects around us, as well as all the stars in all the known galaxies, are made of particles, while antiparticles have almost completely vanished. The reasons behind this disappearance are not yet fully known. Uncovering them will allow us to not only penetrate much deeper into the structure of matter, but also to understand the secret mechanisms that determine the genesis and development of our immense universe. That is why explaining the mystery of the missing antimatter is currently considered to be one of the main tasks of particle physics.This book tells the story of all the achievements in solving the problem of the missing antiparticles including the latest developments in the field. It is written by Prof. Guennadi Borissov, an international expert in this subject. It is intended for serious readers with some general background knowledge in physics, although no specialist knowledge is required. All phenomena observed in the microworld of particles are explained in simple terms using well-known examples from ordinary life. Starting with a description and discussion of the main properties of particles and antiparticles, the book details the important stages in the research that has brought scientists closer to solving one of the greatest enigmas of nature.

Exact Philosophy

Exact Philosophy
Author: M. Bunge
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401025169
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exact Philosophy Book Excerpt:

The papers that follow were read and discussed at the first Symposium on Exact Philosophy. This conference was held at Montreal on November 4th and 5th, 1971, to celebrate the sesquicentennial of McGill University and establish the Society for Exact Philosophy. The expression 'exact philosophy' is taken to signify mathematical phi losophy, i.e., philosophy done with the explicit help of mathematical logic and mathematics. So far the expression denotes an attitude rather than a fully blown discipline: it intends to convey the intention to try and pro ceed in as exact a manner as we can in formulating and discussing phi losophical problems and theories. The kind of philosophy we wish to practice and promote is disciplined rather than wild, systematic rather than disconnected, and capable of being argued over rather than oracular. We believe that even metaphysics, notoriously riotous, can be subjected to the control of logic and mathematics. Even the history of philosophy, notoriously unsystematic, can benefit from an exact reconstruction of some classical ideas.

The Early Universe

The Early Universe
Author: Gerhard Börner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 593
Release: 2004-06-11
ISBN: 9783540441977
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Early Universe Book Excerpt:

This fourth edition of Börner's "The Early Universe" is practically a new book, not just updated version. In particular, it is now organized so as to make it more useful as a textbook. And problem sections are also added. In the centre are the connections between particle physics and cosmology: The standard model, some basic implications of quantum field theory and the questions of structure formation. Special emphasis is given to the observed anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background and the consequences drawn for cosmology and for the structure formation models. Nuclear and particle physicists and astrophysicists, researchers and teachers as well as graduate students will welcome this new edition of a classic text and reference.

Economics and Political Implications of International Financial Reporting Standards

Economics and Political Implications of International Financial Reporting Standards
Author: Uchenna, Efobi
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 417
Release: 2016-03-08
ISBN: 1466698772
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economics and Political Implications of International Financial Reporting Standards Book Excerpt:

International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are internationally-recognized financial reporting guidelines regulated by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to ensure that uniformity exists in the global financial system. In addition to regulating financial reporting, the adoption of IRFS has been shown to impact the flow of foreign capital and trade. Economics and Political Implications of International Financial Reporting Standards focuses on the consequences and determinants of the adoption of the International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS), which has remained a top issue in International Accounting. This timely publication brings to the forefront issues related to the political and economic influences and impacts of IFRS in addition to providing a platform for further research in this area. Policy makers, academics, researchers, graduate-level students, and professionals across the fields of management, economics, finance, international relations, and political science will find this publication pertinent to furthering their understanding of financial reporting at the global level.

Models for Concurrency

Models for Concurrency
Author: Uri Abraham
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2020-08-27
ISBN: 1000124746
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Models for Concurrency Book Excerpt:

Concurrent systems are generally understood in terms of behavioral notions. Models for Concurrency analyzes the subject in terms of events and their temporal relationship rather than on global states. It presents a comprehensive analysis of model theory applied to concurrent protocols, and seeks to provide a theory of concurrency that is both intuitively appealing and rigorously based on mathematical foundations. The book is divided into three main sections. The first introduces the required concepts from model theory, details the structures that are used to model concurrency, gives an in-depth description and explanation of the semantics of a simple language that allows concurrent execution of sequential programs, and deals with the question of resolving executions into higher-level and lower-level granularities. The second and third sections apply the theory developed to practical examples, and an exposition of the producer/consumer problem with details of two solutions is given. The author also deals with message passing, as opposed to shared memory.

Critical Problems in Physics

Critical Problems in Physics
Author: Val L. Fitch,Daniel R. Marlow,Margit A.E. Dementi
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 301
Release: 2021-03-09
ISBN: 0691227497
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critical Problems in Physics Book Excerpt:

The past century has seen fantastic advances in physics, from the discovery of the electron, x-rays, and radioactivity, to the era of incredible solid state devices, computers, quarks and leptons, and the standard model. But what of the next? Many scientists think we are on the threshold of an even more exciting new era in which breakthroughs in a startling variety of directions will produce significant changes in our understanding of the natural world. In this book, a group of eminent scientists define and elaborate on these new directions. Ed Witten and Frank Wilczek discuss string theory and the future of particle physics; Donald Perkins describes the search for neutrino oscillations; Alvin Tollestrup reveals dreams of a muon collider at Fermilab to probe the heart of "elementary" particles; and Robert Palmer anticipates a new generation of particle accelerators. Thibault Damour reviews classical gravitation and the relevant new high-precision experiments; Kip Thorne describes the exciting future for gravitational wave astronomy; and Paul Steinhardt examines the recent breakthroughs in observational cosmology and explains what future experiments might reveal. James Langer explores nonequilibrium statistics and relates it to the origins of complexity; Harry Swinney takes an experimentalist's view of the emergence of order in seemingly chaotic systems; and John Hopfield describes an extremely unusual dynamical system--the human brain. Bruce Hillman, M. D., discusses the recent developments in imaging techniques that have brought about outstanding advances in medical diagnostics. T.V. Ramakrishnan looks at high-temperature superconductors, which could eventually revolutionize the solid-state technology on which society is already highly dependent.

Advances in Modern Cosmology

Advances in Modern Cosmology
Author: Adnan Ghribi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2011-08-29
ISBN: 953307423X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Modern Cosmology Book Excerpt:

The twentieth century elevated our understanding of the Universe from its early stages to what it is today and what is to become of it. Cosmology is the weapon that utilizes all the scientific tools that we have created to feel less lost in the immensity of our Universe. The standard model is the theory that explains the best what we observe. Even with all the successes that this theory had, two main questions are still to be answered: What is the nature of dark matter and dark energy? This book attempts to understand these questions while giving some of the most promising advances in modern cosmology.