The Ultimate Ambition in the Arts of Erudition

The Ultimate Ambition in the Arts of Erudition
Author: Shihab al-Din al-Nuwayri
Publsiher: National Geographic Books
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2016-08-30
ISBN: 0143107488
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ultimate Ambition in the Arts of Erudition Book Excerpt:

For the first time in English, a catalog of the world through fourteenth-century Arab eyes—a kind of Schott’s Miscellany for the Islamic Golden Age An astonishing record of the knowledge of a civilization, The Ultimate Ambition in the Arts of Erudition catalogs everything known to exist from the perspective of a fourteenth-century Egyptian scholar and litterateur. More than 9,000 pages and thirty volumes—here abridged to one volume, and translated into English for the first time—it contains entries on everything from medieval moon-worshipping cults, sexual aphrodisiacs, and the substance of clouds, to how to get the smell of alcohol off one’s breath, the deliciousness of cheese made from buffalo milk, and the nesting habits of flamingos. Similar works by Western authors, including Pliny’s Natural History and Diderot’s Encyclopédie, have been available in English for centuries. This groundbreaking translation of a remarkable Arabic text—expertly abridged and annotated—offers a look at the world through the highly literary and impressively knowledgeable societies of the classical Islamic world. Meticulously arranged and delightfully eclectic, it is a compendium to be treasured—a true monument of erudition. For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.

The Ultimate Ambition in the Arts of Erudition

The Ultimate Ambition in the Arts of Erudition
Author: Shihab al-Din al-Nuwayri
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2016-08-30
ISBN: 0698166760
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ultimate Ambition in the Arts of Erudition Book Excerpt:

For the first time in English, a catalog of the world through fourteenth-century Arab eyes—a kind of Schott’s Miscellany for the Islamic Golden Age An astonishing record of the knowledge of a civilization, The Ultimate Ambition in the Arts of Erudition catalogs everything known to exist from the perspective of a fourteenth-century Egyptian scholar and litterateur. More than 9,000 pages and thirty volumes—here abridged to one volume, and translated into English for the first time—it contains entries on everything from medieval moon-worshipping cults, sexual aphrodisiacs, and the substance of clouds, to how to get the smell of alcohol off one’s breath, the deliciousness of cheese made from buffalo milk, and the nesting habits of flamingos. Similar works by Western authors, including Pliny’s Natural History and Diderot’s Encyclopédie, have been available in English for centuries. This groundbreaking translation of a remarkable Arabic text—expertly abridged and annotated—offers a look at the world through the highly literary and impressively knowledgeable societies of the classical Islamic world. Meticulously arranged and delightfully eclectic, it is a compendium to be treasured—a true monument of erudition. For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.

The World in a Book

The World in a Book
Author: Elias Muhanna
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2019-05-28
ISBN: 069119145X
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The World in a Book Book Excerpt:

Based on the author's dissertation (doctoral)-- Harvard University, 2012.

Growing Up Communist and Jewish in Bondi Volume 1

Growing Up Communist and Jewish in Bondi Volume 1
Author: John Docker
Publsiher: Kerr Publishing
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2020-10-15
ISBN: 1875703373
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Growing Up Communist and Jewish in Bondi Volume 1 Book Excerpt:

Ted Docker was an Australian of Irish descent who as a young man wanted to change the world, joining first the Industrial Workers of the World and then helping form the Communist Party of Australia. He was steadfastly loyal to the Soviet Union and by historical record a stern hard-liner. This is not the whole story.

John Trevisa s Information Age

John Trevisa s Information Age
Author: Emily Steiner
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2021-08-20
ISBN: 0192650831
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

John Trevisa s Information Age Book Excerpt:

What would medieval English literature look like if we viewed it through the lens of the compendium? In that case, John Trevisa might come into focus as the major author of the fourteenth century. Trevisa (d. 1402) made a career of translating big informational texts from Latin into English prose. These included Ranulph Higden's Polychronicon, an enormous universal history, Bartholomaeus Anglicus's well-known natural encyclopedia De proprietatibus rerum, and Giles of Rome's advice-for-princes manual, De regimine principum. These were shrewd choices, accessible and on trend: De proprietatibus rerum and De regimine principum had already been translated into French and copied in deluxe manuscripts for the French and English nobility, and the Polychronicon had been circulating England for several decades. This book argues that John Trevisa's translations of compendious informational texts disclose an alternative literary history by way of information culture. Bold and lively experiments, these translations were a gamble that the future of literature in England was informational prose. This book argues that Trevisa's oeuvre reveals an alternative literary history more culturally expansive and more generically diverse than that which we typically construct for his contemporaries, Geoffrey Chaucer and William Langland. Thirteenth- and early fourteenth-century European writers compiled massive reference books which would shape knowledge well into the Renaissance. This study maintains that they had a major impact on English poetry and prose. In fact, what we now recognize to be literary properties emerged in part from translations of medieval compendia with their inventive ways of handling vast quantities of information.

The Mongol Storm

The Mongol Storm
Author: Nicholas Morton
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 465
Release: 2022-10-27
ISBN: 1399803581
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Mongol Storm Book Excerpt:

'Deeply researched and elegantly written - essential reading' Dan Jones How the Mongol invasions of the Near East reshaped the balance of world power in the Middle Ages. For centuries, the Crusades have been central to the story of the medieval Near East, but these religious wars are only part of the region's complex history. As The Mongol Storm reveals, during the same era the Near East was utterly remade by another series of wars: the Mongol invasions. In a single generation, the Mongols conquered vast swaths of the Near East and upended the region's geopolitics. Amid the chaos of the Mongol onslaught, long-standing powers such as the Byzantines, the Seljuk Turks, and the crusaders struggled to survive, while new players such as the Ottomans arose to fight back. The Mongol conquests forever transformed the region, while forging closer ties among societies spread across Eurasia. This is the definitive history of the Mongol assault on the Near East and its enduring global consequences.

Pliny s Roman Economy

Pliny s Roman Economy
Author: Richard Saller
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2022-03-15
ISBN: 0691229554
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pliny s Roman Economy Book Excerpt:

The first comprehensive study of Pliny the Elder’s economic thought—and its implications for understanding the Roman Empire’s constrained innovation and economic growth The elder Pliny’s Natural History (77 CE), an astonishing compilation of 20,000 “things worth knowing,” was avowedly intended to be a repository of ancient Mediterranean knowledge for the use of craftsmen and farmers, but this 37-book, 400,000-word work was too expensive, unwieldy, and impractically organized to be of utilitarian value. Yet, as Richard Saller shows, the Natural History offers more insights into Roman ideas about economic growth than any other ancient source. Pliny’s Roman Economy is the first comprehensive study of Pliny’s economic thought and its implications for understanding the economy of the Roman Empire. As Saller reveals, Pliny sometimes anticipates modern economic theory, while at other times his ideas suggest why Rome produced very few major inventions that resulted in sustained economic growth. On one hand, Pliny believed that new knowledge came by accident or divine intervention, not by human initiative; research and development was a foreign concept. When he lists 136 great inventions, they are mostly prehistoric and don’t include a single one from Rome—offering a commentary on Roman innovation and displaying a reverence for the past that contrasts with the attitudes of the eighteenth-century encyclopedists credited with contributing to the Industrial Revolution. On the other hand, Pliny shrewdly recognized that Rome’s lack of competition from other states suppressed incentives for innovation. Pliny’s understanding should be noted because, as Saller shows, recent efforts to use scientific evidence about the ancient climate to measure the Roman economy are flawed. By exploring Pliny’s ideas about discovery, innovation, and growth, Pliny’s Roman Economy makes an important new contribution to the ongoing debate about economic growth in ancient Rome.

The Book of Travels

The Book of Travels
Author: Ḥannā Diyāb
Publsiher: NYU Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2021-05-04
ISBN: 1479892300
Category: Literary Collections
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Book of Travels Book Excerpt:

The adventures of the man who created Aladdin The Book of Travels is Ḥannā Diyāb’s remarkable first-person account of his travels as a young man from his hometown of Aleppo to the court of Versailles and back again, which forever linked him to one of the most popular pieces of world literature, the Thousand and One Nights. Diyāb, a Maronite Christian, served as a guide and interpreter for the French naturalist and antiquarian Paul Lucas. Between 1706 and 1716, Diyāb and Lucas traveled through Syria, Cyprus, Egypt, Tripolitania, Tunis, Italy, and France. In Paris, Ḥannā Diyāb met Antoine Galland, who added to his wildly popular translation of the Thousand and One Nights several tales related by Diyāb, including “Aladdin” and “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.” When Lucas failed to make good on his promise of a position for Diyāb at Louis XIV’s Royal Library, Diyāb returned to Aleppo. In his old age, he wrote this engaging account of his youthful adventures, from capture by pirates in the Mediterranean to quack medicine and near-death experiences. Translated into English for the first time, The Book of Travels introduces readers to the young Syrian responsible for some of the most beloved stories from the Thousand and One Nights. A bilingual Arabic-English edition.

The Crisis of Kingship in Late Medieval Islam

The Crisis of Kingship in Late Medieval Islam
Author: Christopher Markiewicz
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 365
Release: 2019-08-22
ISBN: 1108492142
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Crisis of Kingship in Late Medieval Islam Book Excerpt:

Explores how a new conception of kingship helped transform the Ottoman Empire, from regional dynastic sultanate to global empire.

The Book of Travels

The Book of Travels
Author: Ḥannā Diyāb
Publsiher: NYU Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2021-05-04
ISBN: 1479806307
Category: Literary Collections
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Book of Travels Book Excerpt:

The adventures of the man who created Aladdin The Book of Travels is Ḥannā Diyāb’s remarkable first-person account of his travels as a young man from his hometown of Aleppo to the court of Versailles and back again, which forever linked him to one of the most popular pieces of world literature, the Thousand and One Nights. Diyāb, a Maronite Christian, served as a guide and interpreter for the French naturalist and antiquarian Paul Lucas. Between 1706 and 1716, Diyāb and Lucas traveled through Syria, Cyprus, Egypt, Tripolitania, Tunis, Italy, and France. In Paris, Ḥannā Diyāb met Antoine Galland, who added to his wildly popular translation of the Thousand and One Nights several tales related by Diyāb, including “Aladdin” and “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.” When Lucas failed to make good on his promise of a position for Diyāb at Louis XIV’s Royal Library, Diyāb returned to Aleppo. In his old age, he wrote this engaging account of his youthful adventures, from capture by pirates in the Mediterranean to quack medicine and near-death experiences. Translated into English for the first time, The Book of Travels introduces readers to the young Syrian responsible for some of the most beloved stories from the Thousand and One Nights. A bilingual Arabic-English edition.

Selections from Subh al A sh by al Qalqashandi Clerk of the Mamluk Court

Selections from Subh al A sh   by al Qalqashandi  Clerk of the Mamluk Court
Author: Tarek Galal Abdelhamid,Heba El-Toudy
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2017-04-21
ISBN: 1315405253
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selections from Subh al A sh by al Qalqashandi Clerk of the Mamluk Court Book Excerpt:

Ṣubḥ al-A‘shā by al-Qalqashandī is a manual for chancery clerks completed in 1412 and a vital source of information on Fatimid and Mamluk Egypt which, for the first time, has been translated into English. The text provides valuable insight into the Mamluk and earlier Muslim eras. The selections presented in this volume describe Cairo, Fustat and the Cairo Citadel and give a detailed picture of the Fatimid (AD 969–1172), Ayyubid (AD 1172-1250) and Mamluk (AD 1250–1412) court customs, rituals and protocols, and depict how the Mamluk Sultanate was ruled. It also contains a wealth of details covering the geography, history and state administration systems of medieval Egypt. An introduction preceding the translation contextualizes al-Qalqashandī’s role and manuscript, as well as introducing the man himself, while detailed notes accompany the translation to explain and elaborate on the content of the material. The volume concludes with an extensive glossary of terms which forms a mini-encyclopaedia of the Fatimid and Mamluk periods. This translation will be a valuable resource for any student of medieval Islamic history.

Toward a Global Middle Ages

Toward a Global Middle Ages
Author: Bryan C. Keene
Publsiher: Getty Publications
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2019-09-03
ISBN: 160606598X
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toward a Global Middle Ages Book Excerpt:

This important and overdue book examines illuminated manuscripts and other book arts of the Global Middle Ages. Illuminated manuscripts and illustrated or decorated books—like today’s museums—preserve a rich array of information about how premodern peoples conceived of and perceived the world, its many cultures, and everyone’s place in it. Often a Eurocentric field of study, manuscripts are prisms through which we can glimpse the interconnected global history of humanity. Toward a Global Middle Ages is the first publication to examine decorated books produced across the globe during the period traditionally known as medieval. Through essays and case studies, the volume’s multidisciplinary contributors expand the historiography, chronology, and geography of manuscript studies to embrace a diversity of objects, individuals, narratives, and materials from Africa, Asia, Australasia, and the Americas—an approach that both engages with and contributes to the emerging field of scholarly inquiry known as the Global Middle Ages. Featuring more than 160 color illustrations, this wide-ranging and provocative collection is intended for all who are interested in engaging in a dialogue about how books and other textual objects contributed to world-making strategies from about 400 to 1600.

Adab and Modernity

Adab and Modernity
Author: Cathérine Mayeur-Jaouen
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 744
Release: 2019-12-09
ISBN: 9004415998
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adab and Modernity Book Excerpt:

Adab is a concept situated at the heart of Arabic and Islamic civilization. What became of it, towards modernity? The question of the civilising process (Norbert Elias) helps us reflect on this story.

American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 35 3

American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 35 3
Author: Darakhshan Khan, Paul Shore, Suheil Laher, Mimi Hanaoka, Gaby Semaan,Khairudin Aljunied, Rehenuma Asmi, Katherine Bullock, Tauseef Ahmad Parray, Basit Kareem Iqbal,Christopher Anzalone, Maheen Zaman, Ahmet Selim Tekelioglu, Amr G.E. Sabet, James Harry Morris
Publsiher: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2018-07-01
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 35 3 Book Excerpt:

The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (AJISS), established in 1984, is a quarterly, double blind peer-reviewed and interdisciplinary journal, published by the International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT), and distributed worldwide. The journal showcases a wide variety of scholarly research on all facets of Islam and the Muslim world including subjects such as anthropology, history, philosophy and metaphysics, politics, psychology, religious law, and traditional Islam.

Avian Illuminations

Avian Illuminations
Author: Boria Sax
Publsiher: Reaktion Books
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2021-10-13
ISBN: 1789144310
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Avian Illuminations Book Excerpt:

An exquisitely illustrated journey through the complex and crucial relationship between humans and birds. Avian Illuminations examines the many roles birds have played in human society, from food, messengers, deities, and pets, to omens, muses, timekeepers, custodians, hunting companions, decorative motifs, and, most importantly, embodiments of our aspirations. Boria Sax narrates the history of our relationships with a host of bird species, including crows, owls, parrots, falcons, eagles, nightingales, hummingbirds, and many more. Along the way, Sax describes how birds’ nesting has symbolized human romance, how their flight has inspired inventors throughout history, and he concludes by showing that the interconnections between birds and humans are so manifold that a world without birds would effectively mean an end to human culture itself. Beautifully illustrated, Avian Illuminations is a superb overview of humanity’s long and rich association with our avian companions.

101 Middle Eastern Tales and Their Impact on Western Oral Tradition

101 Middle Eastern Tales and Their Impact on Western Oral Tradition
Author: Ulrich Marzolph
Publsiher: Wayne State University Press
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2020-08-18
ISBN: 0814347754
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

101 Middle Eastern Tales and Their Impact on Western Oral Tradition Book Excerpt:

Against the methodological backdrop of historical and comparative folk narrative research, 101 Middle Eastern Tales and Their Impact on Western Oral Tradition surveys the history, dissemination, and characteristics of over one hundred narratives transmitted to Western tradition from or by the Middle Eastern Muslim literatures (i.e., authored written works in Arabic, Persian, and Ottoman Turkish). For a tale to be included, Ulrich Marzolph considered two criteria: that the tale originates from or at least was transmitted by a Middle Eastern source, and that it was recorded from a Western narrator’s oral performance in the course of the nineteenth or twentieth century. The rationale behind these restrictive definitions is predicated on Marzolph’s main concern with the long-lasting effect that some of the "Oriental" narratives exercised in Western popular tradition—those tales that have withstood the test of time. Marzolph focuses on the originally "Oriental" tales that became part and parcel of modern Western oral tradition. Since antiquity, the "Orient" constitutes the quintessential Other vis-à-vis the European cultures. While delineation against this Other served to define and reassure the Self, the "Orient" also constituted a constant source of fascination, attraction, and inspiration. Through oral retellings, numerous tales from Muslim tradition became an integral part of European oral and written tradition in the form of learned treatises, medieval sermons, late medieval fabliaux, early modern chapbooks, contemporary magazines, and more. In present times, when national narcissisms often acquire the status of strongholds delineating the Us against the Other, it is imperative to distinguish, document, visualize, and discuss the extent to which the West is not only indebted to the Muslim world but also shares common features with Muslim narrative tradition. 101 Middle Eastern Tales and Their Impact on Western Oral Tradition is an important contribution to this debate and a vital work for scholars, students, and readers of folklore and fairy tales.

Esmond and Ilia

Esmond and Ilia
Author: Marina Warner
Publsiher: New York Review of Books
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2022-06-14
ISBN: 1681376458
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Esmond and Ilia Book Excerpt:

By one of the finest English writers of our time, a luminous memoir that travels from southern Italy to the banks of the Nile, capturing a lost past both personal and historical. Marina Warner’s father, Esmond, met her mother, Ilia, while serving as an officer in the British Army during the Second World War. As Allied forces fought their way north through Italy, Esmond found himself in the southern town of Bari, where Ilia had grown up, one of four girls of a widowed mother. The Englishman approaching middle age and the twenty-one-year-old Italian were soon married. Before the war had come to an end, Ilia was on her way alone to London to wait for her husband’s return and to learn how to be Mrs. Esmond Warner, an Englishwoman. Ilia begins to learn the world of cricket, riding, canned food, and distant relations she has landed in, while Esmond, in spite of his connections, struggles to support his wife and young daughter. He comes up with the idea of opening a bookshop, a branch of W.H. Smith’s, in Cairo, where he had spent happy times during the North African campaign. In Egypt, however, nationalists are challenging foreign influences, especially British ones, and before long Cairo is on fire. Deeply felt, closely observed, rich with strange lore, Esmond and Ilia is a picture of vanished worlds, a portrait of two people struggling to know each other and themselves, a daughter’s story of trying to come to terms with a past that is both hers and unknowable to her. It is an “unreliable memoir”—what memoir isn’t?—and a lasting work of literature, lyrical, sorrowful, shaped by love and wonder.

The Emergence of Multiple Text Manuscripts

The Emergence of Multiple Text Manuscripts
Author: Alessandro Bausi,Michael Friedrich,Marilena Maniaci
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 373
Release: 2019-12-02
ISBN: 3110646129
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Emergence of Multiple Text Manuscripts Book Excerpt:

The universal practice of selecting and excerpting, summarizing and canonizing, arranging and organizing texts and visual signs, either in carefully dedicated types of manuscripts or not, is common to all manuscript cultures. Determined by intellectual or practical needs, this process is never neutral in itself. The resulting proximity and juxtaposition of previously distant contents, challenge previous knowledge and trigger further developments. With a vast selection of highly representative case studies – from India, Islamic Asia and Spain to Ethiopian cultures, from Ancient Christian to Coptic, and Medieval European domains – this volume deals with manuscripts planned or growing and resulting in time to comprise ‘more than one’. Whatever their contents – the natural world and related recipes, astronomical tables or personal notes, documentary, religious and even highly revered holy texts – codicological and textual features of these manuscripts reveal how similar needs received different answers in varying contexts and times.

Global Medieval Contexts 500 1500

Global Medieval Contexts 500     1500
Author: Kimberly Klimek,Pamela L. Troyer,Sarah Davis-Secord,Bryan C. Keene
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2021-06-30
ISBN: 1351593080
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Medieval Contexts 500 1500 Book Excerpt:

Global Medieval Contexts 500–1500: Connections and Comparisons provides a unique wide-lens introduction to world history during this period. Designed for students new to the subject, this textbook explores vital networks and relationships among geographies and cultures that shaped medieval societies. The expert author team aims to advance a global view of the period and introduce the reader to histories and narratives beyond an exclusively European context. Key Features: Divided into chronological sections, chapters are organized by four key themes: Religion, Economics, Politics, and Society. This framework enables students to connect wider ideas and debates across 500 to 1500. Individual chapters address current theoretical discussions, including issues around gender, migration, and sustainable environments. The authors’ combined teaching experience and subject specialties ensure an engaging and accessible overview for students of history, literature, and those undertaking general studies courses. Theory boxes and end-of-chapter questions provide a basis for group discussion and research. Full-color maps and images illustrate chapter content and support understanding. As a result, this text is essential reading for all those interested in learning more about the histories and cultures of the period, as well as their relevance to our own contemporary experiences and perspectives. This textbook is supported by a companion website providing core resources for students and lecturers.

Arab Conquests and Early Islamic Historiography

Arab Conquests and Early Islamic Historiography
Author: Ryan J. Lynch
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2019-11-14
ISBN: 1838604405
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Arab Conquests and Early Islamic Historiography Book Excerpt:

Of the available sources for Islamic history between the seventh and eighth centuries CE, few are of greater importance than al-Baladhuri's Kitab Futu? al-buldan (The Book of the Conquest of Lands). Written in Arabic by a ninth-century Muslim scholar working at the court of the 'Abbasid caliphs, the Futu?'s content covers many important matters at the beginning of Islamic history. It informs its audience of the major events of the early Islamic conquests, the settlement of Muslims in the conquered territories and their experiences therein, and the origins and development of the early Islamic state. Questions over the text's construction, purpose, and reception, however, have largely been ignored in current scholarship. This is despite both the text's important historical material and its crucial early date of creation. It has become commonplace for researchers to turn to the Futu? for information on a specific location or topic, but to ignore the grander – and, in many ways, more straightforward – questions over the text's creation and limitations. This book looks to correct these gaps in knowledge by investigating the context, form, construction, content, and early reception history of al-Baladhuri's text.