The Value Of Violence

Author by : Benjamin Ginsberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Prometheus Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
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Description : This provocative thesis calls violence the driving force not just of war, but of politics and even social stability. Though violence is commonly deplored, political scientist Ginsberg argues that in many ways it is indispensable, unavoidable, and valuable. Ginsberg sees violence manifested in society in many ways. "Law-preserving violence" (using Walter Benjamin's phrase) is the chief means by which society preserves social order. Behind the security of a stable society are the blunt instruments of the police, prisons, and the power of the bureaucratic state to coerce and manipulate. Ginsberg also discusses violence as a tool of social change, whether used in outright revolution or as a means of reform in public protests or the threat of insurrection. He notes that even groups committed to nonviolent tactics rely on the violent reactions of their opponents to achieve their ends. And to avoid the threat of unrest, modern states resort to social welfare systems (a prudent use of the carrot instead of the stick). Emphasizing the unavoidability of violence to create major change, Ginsberg points out that few today would trade our current situation for the alternative had our forefathers not resorted to the violence of the American Revolution and the Civil War.


Values Violence And Our Future

Author by : Gary J. Acquaviva
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rodopi
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 278
File Size : 50,8 Mb
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Description : This book identifies the character of human predators who violate others or themselves. The contagion of violence infects values that affect behavior. But we may call upon the intrinsic values of love, compassion, and creativity to oppose such violence. The book boldly argues for a renewal of the spiritual energy that gave rise to civilization.


Polluting The Sacred

Author by : D. E. Thiery
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
Total Download : 285
File Size : 43,7 Mb
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Description : The influence of Christianity on 'the history of violence' is often exemplified by famous instances of interfaith conflict, like 'The Crusades'. However, as religions develop, they usually marginalize violence against fellow believers long before they ever, if at all, question violence against 'others'. Through an investigation of spiritual and legal sources, this book details how Christian teachings about charity, sin and purity problematized late medieval parishioners' use of violence, and how parishioners actually tried to reconcile these teachings with cultural norms that often honored violent conduct. By illuminating the impact of lessons concerning the sinfulness of violence and piety of self-restraint, this book provides a fresh perspective on the important role of religion in the 'civilizing process' of European history.


The Meanings Of Violence

Author by : Elizabeth Anne Stanko
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 776
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : The media often makes sense of violence in terms of 'randomness' and 'evil'. But the reality, as the contributors to The Meanings of Violence demonstrate, is far more complex. Drawing on the diverse subject matter of the ESRC's Violence Research Programme - from interviews with killers to discussions with children in residential facilities - this volume locates the meaning of violence within social contexts, identities and social divisions. It aims to break open our way of speaking about violence and demonstrate the value in exploring the multiple, contradictory and complex meanings of violence in society. The wide range of topics include: *Prostitute and client violence *Violence amongst young people at school and on the streets *Violence in bars and nightclubs *Violence in prison *Racist and homophobic violence This book will be fascinating reading for students of criminology and academics working in the field of violent crime.


Racially Motivated Violence

Author by : United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Criminal Justice
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
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File Size : 49,5 Mb
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Description :


Youth Violence

Author by : Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
Total Download : 336
File Size : 44,5 Mb
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Description : This hearing focused on youth violence and the importance of developing local and state solutions. Senator Fred Thompson made an introductory statement. This was followed by four panels on each of 2 days of testimony. Day one's first panel included involved students and business people from Memphis, TN. The second panel included two Tennessee mayors, the president of the Memphis Board of Education, and the Honorable Kenneth Turner, Juvenile Court Judge, Memphis, TN. The third panel included James Ball, Facility Administrator, Shelby County Training Center, Memphis, TN; Veronica Coleman, U.S. Attorney, Memphis, TN; John W. Pierotti, District Attorney General, Memphis, TN; and Robert Wood, Consultant, Agency for Youth and Family Development, Memphis, TN. The fourth panel included community health workers, advocates, religious representatives from Memphis, TN. Day two's first panel included the Honorable Don Sunquist, Governor, State of Tennessee; George Hattaway, Commissioner of Youth Development, Nashville, TN; and Rita Wadley, Commissioner of Public Health, Nashville, TN. The second panel included the Honorable Beth Halteman Harwell, State Representative, State and Local Government Committee; the Honorable Douglas Henry, State Senator, Special Select Committee on Children and Youth, and Chairman, Finance Ways and Means Committee; and the Honorable Page Walley, State Representative, Special Select Committee on Children and Youth. The third panel included administrators from various community organizations that focused on adolescent needs. The fourth panel included the Honorable Paul R. Wohlford, Judge, Juvenile Court, Bristol, TN; the Honorable Randy Camp, Judge, Crockett County, TN; the Honorable Dan Speer, Mayor, Pulaski, TN; the Honorable Bernie Swiney, Mayor, London, TN; and the Honorable C. Van Deacon, Judge, Juvenile Court, Cleveland, TN. An appendix presents additional submissions for the record. (SM)


Crimes Of Violence

Author by : Donald J. Mulvihill
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 732
File Size : 46,8 Mb
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Handbook Of Political Violence And Children

Author by : Charles W. Greenbaum
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 887
File Size : 54,8 Mb
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Description : Political violence has disrupted the lives of millions of children around the world. Responding to the gravity and scale of this phenomenon, this volume is intended to stimulate discussion and research on children's exposure to political violence and its psycho-social effects. It brings together for the first time in a single volume three areas of scientific activity in different disciplines: research on effects, programs for intervention, and laws and policy for prevention of political violence to children. Section I presents reviews of research on children exposed to political violence, including child soldiers and refugee children, as well as an examination of methodology and ethics. Section II contains research on interventions with children exposed to political violence, including individual therapy and school, family, and community interventions. Section III covers legal and social issues in deterring the recruitment of children to violent causes and protecting children in armed conflict. Pulling together the work of leading scholars and practitioners in the social sciences and international law, this volume argues that the prevention of political violence to children is possible, and it provides a crucial basis for ideas for prevention.


Institutional Violence

Author by : Deane W. Curtin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rodopi
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
Total Download : 422
File Size : 45,8 Mb
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Description : This book examines a wide range of human problems that are institutionalized forms of violence, including poverty, parenting, sexism, and racism. Since violence is as complex as the human beings who resort to it, its institutionalized forms pervade our relational lives. These philosophical studies explicate violence in the hope that such clarification will help us devise less violent ways of living together.


Violence Identity And Self Determination

Author by : Hent de Vries
Languange : en
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 338
File Size : 51,8 Mb
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Description : With the collapse of the bipolar system of global rivalry that dominated world politics after the Second World War, and in an age that is seeing the return of “ethnic cleansing” and “identity politics,” the question of violence, in all of its multiple ramifications, imposes itself with renewed urgency. Rather than concentrating on the socioeconomic or political backgrounds of these historical changes, the contributors to this volume rethink the concept of violence, both in itself and in relation to the formation and transformation of identities, whether individual or collective, political or cultural, religious or secular. In particular, they subject the notion of self-determination to stringent scrutiny: is it to be understood as a value that excludes violence, in principle if not always in practice? Or is its relation to violence more complex and, perhaps, more sinister? Reconsideration of the concepts, the practice, and even the critique of violence requires an exploration of the implications and limitations of the more familiar interpretations of the terms that have dominated in the history of Western thought. To this end, the nineteen contributors address the concept of violence from a variety of perspectives in relation to different forms of cultural representation, and not in Western culture alone; in literature and the arts, as well as in society and politics; in philosophical discourse, psychoanalytic theory, and so-called juridical ideology, as well as in colonial and post-colonial practices and power relations. The contributors are Giorgio Agamben, Ali Behdad, Cathy Caruth, Jacques Derrida, Michael Dillon, Peter Fenves, Stathis Gourgouris, Werner Hamacher, Beatrice Hanssen, Anselm Haverkamp, Marian Hobson, Peggy Kamuf, M. B. Pranger, Susan M. Shell, Peter van der Veer, Hent de Vries, Cornelia Vismann, and Samuel Weber.


Violence Against Women In South Africa

Author by : Binaifer Nowrojee
Languange : en
Publisher by : Human Rights Watch
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 740
File Size : 54,5 Mb
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Description : - The Cautionary Rule


The Value Base Of Social Work And Social Care

Author by : Adam Barnard
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 340
File Size : 48,6 Mb
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Description : Featuring contributions from key commentators including Lena Dominelli, Sarah Banks, Peter Beresford, Michael Flood and George Ritzer, this diverse text explores an array of concepts and themes that are vital to our understanding of the value base in social work. Each chapter contains a range of exercises and activities that are intended to encourage students to take a creative and active learning approach to defining and understanding values. Among the key themes examined in the book are the tensions between values such as social justice, anti-oppressive practice, compassion, empathy and the contemporary preoccupation with cost codes, performance management, the obsessive cult of managerialism and the allure from those with power in public life for the emerging 'free market'. Also included are chapters on: anti-oppressive practice service user values anti-social care violence prevention valuing equality The Value Base of Social Work and Social Careis a key text for students undertaking the qualifying social work degree, and for those studying youth work, youth justice, education welfare, probation, health care, counselling and community work. Due to the range of contributors and the current emphasis placed on interprofessional working, it is also relevant to an international audience of practitioners and professionals within the field of social care.


The Law Times Reports

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
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File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Traditions Of Non Violence

Author by : Thottamon Kantan Kesavan Narayanan Unnithan
Languange : en
Publisher by : New Delhi : Arnold-Heinemann India
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 459
File Size : 49,7 Mb
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Description :


Values And Violence

Author by : Ibrahim A. Karawan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
Total Download : 672
File Size : 49,5 Mb
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Description : Most books on terrorism deal with descriptions of terrorist organizations and activities, some examine privacy and civil liberties issues, and others treat terrorism as a series of policy choices. Hardly any books deal with the foundational questions of values and violence as they relate to terrorism. The two unique features of this book are that it deals with violence at the normative foundations of values and human dignity and that it includes many of the best-known authors in the world from a variety of disciplines, making it a paradigmatic example of cutting-edge study in interdisciplinary scholarship, with a focus on bringing theories and policy issues closer together. "Values and Violence" includes chapters by a dozen of the leading scholars in the world on patterns of political violence, responses to terrorism, and the basic value choices inherent in them.


Non Violence War And Peace

Author by : Raj Krishna
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 416
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Description :


The Worth Of War

Author by : Benjamin Ginsberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Prometheus Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 923
File Size : 52,8 Mb
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Description : Although war is terrible and brutal, history shows that it has been a great driver of human progress. So argues political scientist Benjamin Ginsberg in this incisive, well-researched study of the benefits to civilization derived from armed conflict. Ginsberg makes a convincing case that war selects for and promotes certain features of societies that are generally held to represent progress. These include rationality, technological and economic development, and liberal forms of government. Contrary to common perceptions that war is the height of irrationality, Ginsberg persuasively demonstrates that in fact it is the ultimate test of rationality. He points out that those societies best able to assess threats from enemies rationally and objectively are usually the survivors of warfare. History also clearly reveals the technological benefits that result from war—ranging from the sundial to nuclear power. And in regard to economics, preparation for war often spurs on economic development; by the same token, nations with economic clout in peacetime usually have a huge advantage in times of war. Finally, war and the threat of war have encouraged governments to become more congenial to the needs and wants of their citizens because of the increasing reliance of governments on their citizens’ full cooperation in times of war. However deplorable the realities of war are, the many fascinating examples and astute analysis in this thought-provoking book will make readers reconsider the unmistakable connection between war and progress.


The Paths To Domination Resistance And Terror

Author by : Carolyn Nordstrom
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
Total Download : 632
File Size : 43,8 Mb
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Description : The Paths to Terror offers a new and refreshing perspective on sociopolitical violence: one that highlights the human experience of domination, resistance, and terror as they are woven into the fabric of everyday life. These innovative essays take the reader from the Americas, through Europe and the Middle East, and to Asia to capture the cultural construction of sociopolitical violence. The authors expand our view of the ethnographic reality, revealing the complex interplay among local, national, and international actors in the perpetuation of violence and terror. The organization of the essays along a continuum from domination, through the emergence of resistance, to the development of cultures of conflict and terror underlines the value of understanding the growth and resolution of violence as cultural dynamics.


The Roots Of Violence

Author by : Vincent P. Miceli
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 769
File Size : 50,9 Mb
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Criminology

Author by : Robert Heiner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 848
File Size : 44,8 Mb
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Description : This supplementary reader includes carefully selected readings that focus on crime and criminal justice in countries other than the United States. These readings offer specific cases and examples to add dimension and interest to the theories presented in the primary text used in the class. The level of analysis is an ideal entry point for students taking a first criminology course. A brief guide correlating each reading with the relevant chapters of four of the top selling criminology books is available.


Theories Of Civil Violence

Author by : James B. Rule
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 964
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : Theories of Civil Violence provides both a new look at the origins of civil upheaval and a critical examination of society theory itself. James B. Rule develops an incisive historical analysis of theories of civil violence, beginning with the classic views of Hobbes and Marx and continuing to those of Gurr, Tilly, and other present-day thinkers. He then exploits this overview to yield conclusions on the nature of and prospects for theoretical understanding of social and political life in general. This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1988.


Defining Moments

Author by : Kimani Njogu
Languange : en
Publisher by : African Books Collective
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 801
File Size : 40,5 Mb
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Description : There is no singular interpretation over the forces that almost brought Kenya to a standstill around the 2007 general elections. The 'truth' about what actually happened will be found in the in-between spaces of dialogue and voicing. Somewhere amidst these at times contradictory and at times reaffirming voices can be found glimpses of what the pursuit of political power can do to a people, especially in a State where accountability to citizens is of minimal value. The essays in Defining Moments capture some of the transformative moments during the crisis that rocked Kenya in 2007/2008 and in its resolution. These reflections by journalists, lawyers, political scientists and cultural workers provide additional perspectives to the relationship between elections, citizenship and violence. This book follows in the footprints of Healing the Wound: Personal Narratives about the 2007 Post Election Violence in Kenya and Re-membering Kenya Vol.1, Identity, Cultural and Freedom. We revisit some of the hotspots, the mediation process and ways of ending impunity. This is part of on-going work at Twaweza Communications to provide space so that multiple voices can be heard as we seek to build a peaceful and just society. In the process we hope to show that violent conflict can be avoided through structural and behavioural engineering: fix governance, ensure accountability, give credibility to institutions. anchor justice and rule of law.