The Vienna Klosterneuburg Map Corpus of the Fifteenth Century

The Vienna Klosterneuburg Map Corpus of the Fifteenth Century
Author: Dana Bennett Durand
Publsiher: Brill Archive
Total Pages: 510
Release: 1952
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Cartography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Vienna Klosterneuburg Map Corpus of the Fifteenth Century Book Excerpt:

The Vienna Klosterneuburg Map Corpus of the Fifteenth Century A study in the transition from mediaeval to modern science By Dana Bennett Durand

The Vienna Klosterneuburg Map Corpus of the Fifteenth Century  A study in the transition from mediaeval to modern science  By Dana Bennett Durand
Author: Dana Bennett DURAND
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 8
Release: 1952
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Vienna Klosterneuburg Map Corpus of the Fifteenth Century A study in the transition from mediaeval to modern science By Dana Bennett Durand Book Excerpt:

The Vienna Klosterneuburg Map Corpus of the 15th Century

The Vienna Klosterneuburg Map Corpus of the 15th Century
Author: Dana Bennett Durand
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1952
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Vienna Klosterneuburg Map Corpus of the 15th Century Book Excerpt:

Nicolaus Cusanus A Fifteenth Century Vision of Man

Nicolaus Cusanus  A Fifteenth Century Vision of Man
Author: Pauline Moffitt Watts
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-03-28
ISBN: 900447742X
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nicolaus Cusanus A Fifteenth Century Vision of Man Book Excerpt:

Routledge Revivals Trade Travel and Exploration in the Middle Ages 2000

Routledge Revivals  Trade  Travel and Exploration in the Middle Ages  2000
Author: John Block Friedman,Kristen Mossler Figg
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 758
Release: 2017-07-05
ISBN: 1351661329
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routledge Revivals Trade Travel and Exploration in the Middle Ages 2000 Book Excerpt:

First published in 2000, Trade, Travel, and Exploration: An Encyclopedia covers the people, places, technologies, and intellectual concepts that contributed to trade, travel and exploration during the Middle Ages, from the years C.E. 525 to 1492. This comprehensive reference work contains entries on a large number of subjects, including familiar topics such as the voyages of Columbus and Marco Polo, and also information that is more difficult to find, for example, the traditions of travel among Muslim women and the influence of Viking travel on navigation and geographical knowledge. Bringing together more than 175 scholars from a variety of disciplines, it minimizes Eurocentric bias and offers extensive coverage of such topics as travel within Inner Asia, Mongol society, and the spread of Buddhism. Including an extensive map program and more than 125 illustrations, as well as bibliographies, a comprehensive index and "see also" references, Medieval Trade, Travel, and Exploration is a valuable reference guide for undergraduate and graduate students, scholars and also the general reader.

Apollo s Eye

Apollo s Eye
Author: Denis E. Cosgrove,Carmen P. Cosgrove
Publsiher: JHU Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2003-10-17
ISBN: 9780801874444
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Apollo s Eye Book Excerpt:

"Well written, copiously illustrated, and with an excellent section of notes at the end of each chapter, the author and publishers of this book are to be commended." -- Geography

Germany A Nation in Its Time Before During and After Nationalism 1500 2000

Germany  A Nation in Its Time  Before  During  and After Nationalism  1500 2000
Author: Helmut Walser Smith
Publsiher: Liveright Publishing
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2020-03-17
ISBN: 1631491784
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Germany A Nation in Its Time Before During and After Nationalism 1500 2000 Book Excerpt:

The first major history of Germany in a generation, a work that presents a five-hundred-year narrative that challenges our traditional perceptions of Germany’s conflicted past. For nearly a century, historians have depicted Germany as a rabidly nationalist land, born in a sea of aggression. Not so, says Helmut Walser Smith, who, in this groundbreaking 500-year history—the first comprehensive volume to go well beyond World War II—challenges traditional perceptions of Germany’s conflicted past, revealing a nation far more thematically complicated than twentieth-century historians have imagined. Smith’s dramatic narrative begins with the earliest glimmers of a nation in the 1500s, when visionary mapmakers and adventuresome travelers struggled to delineate and define this embryonic nation. Contrary to widespread perception, the people who first described Germany were pacific in temperament, and the pernicious ideology of German nationalism would only enter into the nation’s history centuries later. Tracing the significant tension between the idea of the nation and the ideology of its nationalism, Smith shows a nation constantly reinventing itself and explains how radical nationalism ultimately turned Germany into a genocidal nation. Smith’s aim, then, is nothing less than to redefine our understanding of Germany: Is it essentially a bellicose nation that murdered over six million people? Or a pacific, twenty-first-century model of tolerant democracy? And was it inevitable that the land that produced Goethe and Schiller, Heinrich Heine and Käthe Kollwitz, would also carry out genocide on an unprecedented scale? Combining poignant prose with an historian’s rigor, Smith recreates the national euphoria that accompanied the beginning of World War I, followed by the existential despair caused by Germany’s shattering defeat. This psychic devastation would simultaneously produce both the modernist glories of the Bauhaus and the meteoric rise of the Nazi party. Nowhere is Smith’s mastery on greater display than in his chapter on the Holocaust, which looks at the killing not only through the tragedies of Western Europe but, significantly, also through the lens of the rural hamlets and ghettos of Poland and Eastern Europe, where more than 80% of all the Jews murdered originated. He thus broadens the extent of culpability well beyond the high echelons of Hitler’s circle all the way to the local level. Throughout its pages, Germany also examines the indispensable yet overlooked role played by German women throughout the nation’s history, highlighting great artists and revolutionaries, and the horrific, rarely acknowledged violence that war wrought on women. Richly illustrated, with original maps created by the author, Germany: A Nation in Its Time is a sweeping account that does nothing less than redefine our understanding of Germany for the twenty-first century.

The Medieval Expansion of Europe

The Medieval Expansion of Europe
Author: J. R. S. Phillips
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 1998
ISBN: 9780198207405
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Medieval Expansion of Europe Book Excerpt:

Between the year 1000 and the mid-14th century, several remarkable events unfolded as Europeans made contact with a very substantial part of the inhabited world, much of it never previously known or suspected to exist by them. Leif Ericsson and other Vikings discovered North America; European crusading armies established themselves in Syria and Palestine; Marco Polo and other Italian merchants, and missionaries such as John of Monte Corvino, penetrated the dominions of Mongolia and China; the Vivaldi brothers sought to open a sea route to India; Jaime Ferrer was lured by dreams of locating the source of West African gold; and the Atlantic island groups, the Canaries, Madeira, and the Azores, were all discovered. In this detailed survey, Phillips describes these exciting quests while also exploring their closely related myths and legends, all the while setting the stage for the even greater exploits of Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and their successors. For this new Clarendon Paperback edition, Phillips has added both an introduction and a bibliographical essay, the latter of which surveys recent work in what is becoming a thriving area of new research.

The Imaginative Landscape of Christopher Columbus

The Imaginative Landscape of Christopher Columbus
Author: Valerie Irene Jane Flint
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2017-03-14
ISBN: 1400887178
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Imaginative Landscape of Christopher Columbus Book Excerpt:

Rather than focusing on the well-rehearsed facts of Columbus's achievements in the New World, Valerie Flint looks instead at his imaginative mental images, the powerful "fantasies" that gave energy to his endeavors in the Renaissance. With him on his voyages into the unknown, he carried medieval notions gleaned from a Mediterranean tradition of tall tales about the sea, from books he had read, and from the mappae-mundi, splendid schematic maps with fantastic inhabitants. After investigating these sources of Columbus's views, Flint explains how the content of his thinking influenced his reports on his discoveries. Finally, she argues that problems besetting his relationship with the confessional teaching of the late medieval church provided the crucial impelling force behind his entire enterprise. As Flint follows Columbus to the New World and back, she constantly relates his reports both to modern reconstructions of what he really saw and to the visual and literary sources he knew. She argues that he declined passively to accept authoritative pronouncements, but took an active part in debate, seeking to prove and disprove theses that he knew to be controversial among his contemporaries. Flint's efforts to take Columbus seriously are so convincing that his belief that he had approached the site of the earthly Paradise seems not quaint but eminently sensible on his own terms. Originally published in 1992. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Henricus Martellus s World Map at Yale c 1491

Henricus Martellus   s World Map at Yale  c  1491
Author: Chet Van Duzer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2018-08-03
ISBN: 3319768409
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Henricus Martellus s World Map at Yale c 1491 Book Excerpt:

This book presents groundbreaking new research on a fifteenth-century world map by Henricus Martellus, c. 1491, now at Yale. The importance of the map had long been suspected, but it was essentially unstudiable because the texts on it had faded to illegibility. Multispectral imaging of the map, performed with NEH support in 2014, rendered its texts legible for the first time, leading to renewed study of the map by the author. This volume provides transcriptions, translations, and commentary on the Latin texts on the map, particularly their sources, as well as the place names in several regions. This leads to a demonstration of a very close relationship between the Martellus map and Martin Waldseemüller’s famous map of 1507. One of the most exciting discoveries on the map is in the hinterlands of southern Africa. The information there comes from African sources; the map is thus a unique and supremely important document regarding African cartography in the fifteenth century. This book is essential reading for digital humanitarians and historians of cartography.

Routledge Revivals Medieval Germany 2001

Routledge Revivals  Medieval Germany  2001
Author: John M. Jeep
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 968
Release: 2017-07-05
ISBN: 1351665391
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routledge Revivals Medieval Germany 2001 Book Excerpt:

First published in 2001, Medieval Germany: An Encyclopedia provides a comprehensive guide to the German and Dutch-speaking world in the Middle Ages, from approximately C.E. 500 to 1500. It offers detailed accounts of a wide variety of aspects of medieval Germany, including language, literature, architecture, politics, warfare, medicine, philosophy and religion. In addition, this reference work includes bibliographies and citations to aid further study. This A-Z encyclopedia, featuring over 500 entries written by expert contributors, will be of key interest to students and scholars, as well as general readers.

Making Contact

Making Contact
Author: Making Contact Conference (1998 : Edmonton, Alta.)
Publsiher: University of Alberta
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2003-02-26
ISBN: 9780888643773
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Making Contact Book Excerpt:

When civilizations first encounter each other a cascade of change is triggered that both challenges and reinforces the identities of all parties. Making Contact revisits key encounters between cultures in the medieval and early modern world. Contributors cross disciplinary boundaries to explore the implications of contact. Scott D. Westrem examines the imagined Africa depicted in the Bell Mappamundi. Day-to-day accommodations between the religious identities of Vilnius, in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, are explored by David Frick. Steven F. Kruger argues that medieval Christian identity was destabilized by the living Talmudic tradition. Individual Jesuits who were critical to the success of contact in Japan are evaluated by Nakai Ayako. Linda Woodbridge argues that Elizabethan attitudes towards aboriginals paralleled their attitudes towards English vagrants. Despite a nod to Arcadian conventions, travel narratives of Virginia were preoccupied with finding wealth, according to Paul W. DePasquale’s research. Rick H. Lee examines the conflicting loyalties of Pierre Raddisson in the New World. Richard A. Young demonstrates that the Florida shipwreck narratives of Cabeza de Vaca were groomed for intended audiences, past and present. This rich interdisciplinary collaboration contributes to the debate on boundaries between disciplines, as well as boundaries between the Middle Ages and the early modern period, and also between historical and theoretical perspectives. Making Contact draws our attention to the important ways in which historic encounters with contrasting ‘others’ have shaped the identities of both individual and corporate ‘selves’ over a span of five centuries.

Mapping Our World

Mapping Our World
Author: Peter Barber,Katherine Barnes,Dr Nigel Erskine,Rupert Gertisen,Dr Jeremy Green,Dr Susannah Helman,David Kaus,Robert J. King,Granville Allen Mawer,Maggie Patton,Erica Persak,Jon Rhodes,Denis Shephard,Dr Peter Sutton,Dr Martin Terry,Justine Van Mourik,Dr Brendan Whyte,Nat Wiliams,Dr Martin Woods
Publsiher: National Library of Australia
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2013-11-01
ISBN: 0642278091
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mapping Our World Book Excerpt:

The cover image, World Map by Fra Mauro c. 1450, is one of the most important and famous maps of all time. This monumental map of the world was created by the monk Fra Mauro in his monastery on the island of San Michele in the Venetian lagoon. Now the centrepiece of the Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana in St Marc’s Square in Venice, the map in its nearly 600-year history has never left Venice – until now. Renowned for its sheer size - over 2.3 metres square - and stunning colours, the map was made at a time of transition between the medieval world view and new knowledge uncovered by the great voyages of discovery. Brilliantly painted and illuminated on sheets of oxhide, the sphere of the Earth is surrounded by the sphere of the Ocean in the ancient way. Yet Fra Mauro included the latest information on exploration by Portuguese and Arab navigators. Commissioned by King Afonso V of Portugal, it is the last of the great medieval world maps to inspire navigators in the Age of Discovery to explore beyond the Indian Ocean.

Rome s World

Rome s World
Author: Richard J. A. Talbert
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 357
Release: 2010-08-16
ISBN: 0521764807
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rome s World Book Excerpt:

A long-overdue reinterpretation and appreciation of the Peutinger Map as a masterpiece both of mapmaking and imperial Roman ideology.

Unless You Believe You Shall Not Understand

Unless You Believe  You Shall Not Understand
Author: Michael H. Shank
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2014-07-14
ISBN: 1400859425
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Unless You Believe You Shall Not Understand Book Excerpt:

Founded in 1365, not long after the Great Plague ravaged Europe, the University of Vienna was revitalized in 1384 by prominent theologians displaced from Paris--among them Henry of Langenstein. Beginning with the 1384 revival, Michael Shank explores the history of the university and its ties with European intellectual life and the city of Vienna. In so doing he links the abstract discussions of university theologians with the burning of John Hus and Jerome of Prague at the Council of Constance (1415-16) and the destruction of the Jewish community of Lower Austria (1421). Like most other scholars of the period, Henry of Langenstein (d. 1397) at one time believed that Aristotle's syllogistic was universally valid even in Trinitarian theology. In touch with the vibrant Jewish community in Vienna, Langenstein had high hopes of converting its members by logical argument. When he failed in his purpose, he lost his confidence in Aristotle's syllogistic as a universal tool of apologetics and handmaiden to Trinitarian theology. ("Unless you believe, you shall not understand," he quoted from Isaiah, in order to express his change of opinion.) During the next generation, the intellectual climate at the university changed from academic openness to increasing rigidity, and theologians turned from argument to persecution. Originally published in 1988. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Marco Polo and the Encounter of East and West

Marco Polo and the Encounter of East and West
Author: Suzanne Conklin Akbari,Amilcare A. Iannucci,John Tulk
Publsiher: University of Toronto Press
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2008
ISBN: 0802099289
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marco Polo and the Encounter of East and West Book Excerpt:

These essays challenge what many scholars perceived to be an opposition of .East. and .West. in Polo's writings.

Mandeville s Medieval Audiences

Mandeville s Medieval Audiences
Author: Rosemary Tzanaki
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-07-05
ISBN: 1351920189
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mandeville s Medieval Audiences Book Excerpt:

The so-called travels of Sir John Mandeville to the Holy Land, India and Cathay were immensely popular throughout Europe during the late medieval period and were translated into nine different languages. This is a detailed study of the audiences of Mandeville's Book, with particular emphasis on its reception in England and France from the time the Book appeared in the 1350s to the mid-16th century. The multiple ways in which audiences interpreted the work, depending on wider social and cultural contexts, are analysed thematically, under the headings of pilgrimage, geography, romance, history and theology, and contrasted with what can be learned of the author's intentions. The book is well-illustrated with images taken from both manuscript and early printed editions: in her study of these and the marginal notes, Rosemary Tzanaki shows their importance for seeing what readers found of interest. Her analysis makes a significant contribution to our understanding of how people in medieval Europe perceived the outside world.

The History of Science from Augustine to Galileo

The History of Science from Augustine to Galileo
Author: Alistair Cameron Crombie
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 372
Release: 1995-01-01
ISBN: 9780486288505
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The History of Science from Augustine to Galileo Book Excerpt:

Rich, illuminating study of the Western scientific tradition from the collapse of the Roman Empire to the Scientific Revolution in the 17th century. Over 60 illus. Bibliography.

Spain Portugal and the Atlantic Frontier of Medieval Europe

Spain  Portugal and the Atlantic Frontier of Medieval Europe
Author: José-Juan López-Portillo
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2016-12-05
ISBN: 1351898787
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spain Portugal and the Atlantic Frontier of Medieval Europe Book Excerpt:

As seen from the perspective of 1492, the medieval expansion of Latin Europe was nowhere as dramatic or enduring as in the Iberian Peninsula and the Atlantic. Its Christian kingdoms continued their advance against Al-Andalus up to 1492, whereas territorial expansion elsewhere against the Muslim world had either ceased or subsided by the late 13th century. Castile and Portugal also transformed the Atlantic Ocean from the inaccessible dead-end of Eurasia into the most promising avenue for European expansion for the first time in history. The articles collected in this volume explore the causes and the nature of this expansion, from a variety of historical traditions. They investigate the extent to which the ’transference’ of Mediterranean traditions aided this process; the characteristics of Iberian conflict that eventually led to the success of its Christian kingdoms; and the motives for launching, and techniques for running, the first European ’overseas empires’ in the unfolding Atlantic frontier. In the process they illuminate the new identities and cultural interactions that this expansion produced in its wake, while the new introduction sets them in the broader context.

The Typological Imaginary

The Typological Imaginary
Author: Kathleen Biddick
Publsiher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2013-10-09
ISBN: 0812201272
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Typological Imaginary Book Excerpt:

In this book Kathleen Biddick investigates the fate of the enduring timelines fabricated by early Christians to distinguish themselves from their Jewish neighbors. Ranging widely across the history of text, technology, and book art, she relates three interwoven stories: the Christians' translation of circumcision into a graphic problem of writing on the heart; the temporal construction of Christian notions of history based on the binary supersession of an Old Testament past by the present of a new dispensation; and the traumatic repetition of the graphic cutting off of Christians from Jews in academic history and anthropology. Moving beyond well-studied theological polemics, Biddick works from the relatively unfamiliar vantage point of the graphic technologies used in medieval and early modern texts and print sources, from maps to trial transcripts to universal histories. Addressing current concerns about the posthuman condition by linking them to a deeper genealogy of disembodiment at the technological heart of imaginary fantasies, she argues that such supersessionary practices extend to contemporary psychoanalytic and postcolonial texts, even as they propose alternative ways of thinking about memory and temporality. Crucial to Biddick's study is the ethical challenge of unbinding the typological imaginary, not in order to disavow theological difference but rather to open up the encounter between Christian and Jew to less deadening teleological readings. Making a significant contribution to the large debate over the transition from "scriptural" to "scientific" culture in Europe, The Typological Imaginary also succeeds in shedding light on the centrality of Jews to medieval and Enlightenment history.