The Volcanoes of Mars

The Volcanoes of Mars
Author: James R. Zimbelman,David A. Crown,Peter J. Mouginis-Mark,Tracy K. P. Gregg
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2020-12-05
ISBN: 0128228776
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Volcanoes of Mars Book Excerpt:

The Volcanoes of Mars offers a clear, cohesive summary of Mars volcanology. It begins with an introduction to the geology and geography of the red planet and an overview of its volcanic history, and continues to discuss each distinct volcanic province, identifying the common and unique aspects of each region. Incorporating basic volcanological information and constraints on the regional geologic history derived from geologic mapping, the book also examines current constraints on the composition of the volcanic rocks as investigated by both orbiting spacecraft and rovers. In addition, it compares the features of Martian volcanoes to those seen on other volcanic bodies. Concluding with prospects for new knowledge to be gained from future Mars missions, this book brings researchers in volcanology and the study of Mars up to date on the latest findings in the study of volcanoes on Mars, allowing the reader to compare and contrast Martian volcanoes to volcanoes studied on Earth and throughout the Solar System. Presents clearly organized text and figures that will quickly allow the reader to find specific aspects of Martian volcanism Includes definitions of geological and volcanological terms throughout to aid interdisciplinary understanding Summarizes key results for each volcanic region of Mars and provides copious citations to the research literature to facilitate further discovery Synthesizes the most current data from multiple spacecraft missions, including the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, as well as geochemical data from Martian meteorites Utilizes published geologic mapping results to highlight the detailed knowledge that exists for each region

Volcanic Activity on Mars

Volcanic Activity on Mars
Author: Gennadiĭ Nikolaevich Katterfelʹd
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 16
Release: 1966
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Mars (Planet).
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Volcanic Activity on Mars Book Excerpt:

Mars A Volcanic World

Mars  A Volcanic World
Author: Giovanni Leone
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2021-10-26
ISBN: 3030841030
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mars A Volcanic World Book Excerpt:

This book is a comprehensive advancement about the understanding of the volcanology of Mars in all its aspects, from its primary formation to its evolution in time, from the smaller structures to the bigger structures. It discusses the implications of volcanism in the general environmental and geological context of Mars. The book is validating the Southern Giant Impact Hypothesis explaining the formation of Mars in an interdisciplinary approach, including mineralogical, geochemical, volcanological as well as geomorphological information. Implications for future explorations in terms of resources are provided. This book serves as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate level to foster new basic research in the field of planetary volcanology and is a new guide for future missions toward a volcanic world, including new detailed information for the general audience who is always keen to know more about the history of Mars and its large volcanoes. The book also presents an updated situation about the water resources of the planet.

The Diversity of Martian Volcanic Features as Seen in the Moc Themis and Mom Data Sets

The Diversity of Martian Volcanic Features as Seen in the Moc  Themis  and Mom Data Sets
Author: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Publsiher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Total Pages: 28
Release: 2018-06-24
ISBN: 9781721799190
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Diversity of Martian Volcanic Features as Seen in the Moc Themis and Mom Data Sets Book Excerpt:

This one-year project (which included one-year no-cost tension) focused on the evolution of the summit areas of Martian volcanoes. It extended the studies conducted under an earlier MDAP project (Grant NAG5-9576, Principal Investigator P. Mouginis- Mark). By using data collected from the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC), Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), and the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) instruments, we tried to better understand the diversity of constructional volcanism on Mars, and hence further understand the eruption processes. By inspecting THEMIS and MOC data, we explored the following four questions: (1) Where might near-surface volatiles have been released at the summits of the Tharsis volcanoes? Is the trapping and subsequent remobilization of degassed volatiles [Scott and Wilson, 19991 adequate to produce eruptions responsible for extensive deposits such as the ones identified on Arsia Mons [Mouginis-Mark, 2002]? To answer this question, we investigated the diversity of eruption styles by studying the summit areas of Arsia, Pavonis and Ascraeus Montes. (2) What are the geomorphic characteristics of the valley system on Hecates Tholus, a volcano that we have previously proposed experienced explosive activity [Mouginis-Murk et al., 1982]? Our inspection of THEMIS data suggests that water release on the volcano took place over an extended period of time, suggesting that hydrothermal activity may have taken place here. (3) How similar are the collapse processes observed at Martian and terrestrial calderas? New THEMIS data provide a more complete view of the entire Olympus Mons caldera, thereby enabling the comparison with the collapse features at Masaya volcano, Nicaragua, to be investigated. (4) What can we learn about the emplacement of long lava flows in the lava plains of Eastern Tharsis? The result of this work provided a greater understanding of the temporal and spatial variations in the eruptive history of volcanoes on Mars, and the influence

Worlds on Fire

Worlds on Fire
Author: Charles Frankel
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2005-09-22
ISBN: 9780521803939
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Worlds on Fire Book Excerpt:

A brightly illustrated geological study of the planets and satellites of our solar system offers a detailed tour of volcanic landmarks on the Earth, our Moon, Mars, Venus, and Io.

The Volcanoes of Mars

The Volcanoes of Mars
Author: Peter John Cattermole
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 16
Release: 1977
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Volcanoes
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Volcanoes of Mars Book Excerpt:

Extraterrestrial Volcanoes

Extraterrestrial Volcanoes
Author: Source Wikipedia
Publsiher: University-Press.org
Total Pages: 58
Release: 2013-09
ISBN: 9781230649238
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extraterrestrial Volcanoes Book Excerpt:

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 57. Chapters: Volcanoes of Io, Volcanoes of Mars, Volcanoes of Venus, Volcanism on Io, Volcanism on Mars, Tharsis, Olympus Mons, Ascraeus Mons, Pele, Thor, Tharsis Tholus, Pavonis Mons, Masubi, Arsia Mons, Syrtis Major Planum, Volcanism on Venus, Tawhaki Patera, Tupan Patera, Loki Patera, Ceraunius Tholus, Tharsis Montes, Surt, Prometheus, List of extraterrestrial volcanoes, Pillan Patera, Maat Mons, Tvashtar Paterae, Thomagata Patera, Hecates Tholus, Lunar dome, Alba Mons, Sacajawea Patera, Mons Rumker, Biblis Tholus, Apollinaris Mons, Gish Bar Patera, Sapas Mons, Amirani, Scalloped margin dome, Tyrrhena Patera, Elysium Mons, Albor Tholus, Ah Peku Patera, Pancake dome, Reiden Patera, Sachs Patera, Shango Patera, Uranius Tholus, Ulysses Patera, Peneus Patera, Ushas Mons, Gula Mons, Maui Patera, Uranius Patera, Estan Patera, Dazhbog Patera, Ganesa Macula, Ra Patera, Uranius group of volcanoes, Renpet Mons, Anala Mons, Theia Mons, Sif Mons, Pityusa Patera, Jaszai Patera, Siddons Patera. Excerpt: Volcanism on Io, a moon of Jupiter, produces lava flows, volcanic pits, and plumes of sulfur and sulfur dioxide hundreds of kilometres high. This volcanic activity was discovered in 1979 by Voyager 1 imaging scientists. Observations of Io by passing spacecraft (the Voyagers, Galileo, Cassini, and New Horizons) and Earth-based astronomers have revealed more than 150 active volcanoes. Up to 400 such volcanoes are predicted to exist based on these observations. Io's volcanism makes the satellite one of only five known currently volcanically active worlds in the solar system (the other four being Earth, Venus, Saturn's moon Enceladus, and Neptune's moon Triton). First predicted shortly before the Voyager 1 flyby, the heat source for Io's volcanism comes from tidal heating produced by its forced orbital eccentricity. This differs from Earth's...

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes
Author: Haraldur Sigurdsson,Bruce Houghton,Steve McNutt,Hazel Rymer,John Stix
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1456
Release: 2015-03-06
ISBN: 0123859395
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Book Excerpt:

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included

Atlas of Volcanic Landforms on Mars

Atlas of Volcanic Landforms on Mars
Author: Carroll Ann Hodges,Henry J. Moore
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 194
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Mars (Planet)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atlas of Volcanic Landforms on Mars Book Excerpt:

Volcano ice Interaction on Earth and Mars

Volcano ice Interaction on Earth and Mars
Author: Geological Society of London
Publsiher: Geological Society of London
Total Pages: 431
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9781862391215
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Volcano ice Interaction on Earth and Mars Book Excerpt:

This volume focuses on magmas and cryospheres on Earth and Mars and is the first publication of its kind to combine a thematic set of contributions addressing the diverse range of volcano-ice interactions known or thought to occur on both planets. Understanding those interactions is a comparatively young scientific endeavour, yet it is vitally important for a fuller comprehension of how planets work as integrated systems. It is also topical since future volcanic eruptions on Earth may contribute to melting ice sheets and thus to global sea level rise.

Terraforming Mars

Terraforming Mars
Author: Martin Beech,Joseph Seckbach,Richard Gordon
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2021-11-18
ISBN: 1119761867
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Terraforming Mars Book Excerpt:

TERRAFORMING MARS This book provides a thorough scientific review of how Mars might eventually be colonized, industrialized, and transformed into a world better suited to human habitation. The idea of terraforming Mars has, in recent times, become a topic of intense scientific interest and great public debate. Stimulated in part by the contemporary imperative to begin geoengineering Earth, as a means to combat global climate change, the terraforming of Mars will work to make its presently hostile environment more suitable to life—especially human life. Geoengineering and terraforming, at their core, have the same goal—that is to enhance (or revive) the ability of a specific environment to support human life, society, and industry. The chapters in this text, written by experts in their respective fields, are accordingly in resonance with the important, and ongoing discussions concerning the human stewardship of global climate systems. In this sense, the text is both timely and relevant and will cover issues relating to topics that will only grow in their relevance in future decades. The notion of terraforming Mars is not a new one, as such, and it has long played as the background narrative in many science fiction novels. This book, however, deals exclusively with what is physically possible, and what might conceivably be put into actual practice within the next several human generations. Audience Researchers in planetary science, astronomy, astrobiology, space engineering, architecture, ethics, as well as members of the space industry.

The Mighty Volcanoes of Mars

The Mighty Volcanoes of Mars
Author: Josh Lewis
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018
ISBN: 9781643038568
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Mighty Volcanoes of Mars Book Excerpt:

Huge volcanoes warmed the planet Mars long ago.

Fire and Ice

Fire and Ice
Author: Natalie Starkey
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2021-09-30
ISBN: 1472960386
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire and Ice Book Excerpt:

The volcano – among the most familiar and perhaps the most terrifying of all geological phenomena. However, Earth isn't the only planet to harbour volcanoes. In fact, the Solar System, and probably the entire Universe, is littered with them. Our own Moon, which is now a dormant piece of rock, had lava flowing across its surface billions of years ago, while Mars can be credited with the largest volcano in the Solar System, Olympus Mons, which stands 25km high. While Mars's volcanoes are long dead, volcanic activity continues in almost every other corner of the Solar System, in the most unexpected of locations. We tend to think of Earth volcanoes as erupting hot, molten lava and emitting huge, billowing clouds of incandescent ash. However, it isn't necessarily the same across the rest of the Solar System. For a start, some volcanoes aren't even particularly hot. Those on Pluto, for example, erupt an icy slush of substances such as water, methane, nitrogen or ammonia, that freeze to form ice mountains as hard as rock. While others, like the volcanoes on one of Jupiter's moons, Io, erupt the hottest lavas in the Solar System onto a surface covered in a frosty coating of sulphur. Whether they are formed of fire or ice, volcanoes are of huge importance for scientists trying to picture the inner workings of a planet or moon. Volcanoes dredge up materials from the otherwise inaccessible depths and helpfully deliver them to the surface. The way in which they erupt, and the products they generate, can even help scientists ponder bigger questions on the possibility of life elsewhere in the Solar System. Fire and Ice is an exploration of the Solar System's volcanoes, from the highest peaks of Mars to the intensely inhospitable surface of Venus and the red-hot summits of Io, to the coldest, seemingly dormant icy carapaces of Enceladus and Europa, an unusual look at how these cosmic features are made, and whether such active planetary systems might host life.

Volcanoes and the Environment

Volcanoes and the Environment
Author: Joan Martí i Molist,Joan Marti,Joan Martí i Castell,Gerald Ernst
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 471
Release: 2005-10-06
ISBN: 9780521592543
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Volcanoes and the Environment Book Excerpt:

Publisher Description

Volcanic Features of Hawaii

Volcanic Features of Hawaii
Author: M. H. Carr,Ronald Greeley
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 211
Release: 1980
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Mars (Planet)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Volcanic Features of Hawaii Book Excerpt:

Magnificent Mars

Magnificent Mars
Author: Ken Croswell
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2003-10-21
ISBN: 0743226011
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnificent Mars Book Excerpt:

Presents a pictorial tour of the planet Mars, tracing the planet's history, citing new discoveries, and discussing NASA's investigations of the planet as a possible living world.

Investigating Late Amazonian Volcanotectonic Activity on Olympus Mons Mars Using Flank Vents and Arcuate Graben

Investigating Late Amazonian Volcanotectonic Activity on Olympus Mons  Mars Using Flank Vents and Arcuate Graben
Author: Sean I. Peters
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 57
Release: 2015
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic dissertations
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Investigating Late Amazonian Volcanotectonic Activity on Olympus Mons Mars Using Flank Vents and Arcuate Graben Book Excerpt:

Olympus Mons is the largest volcano on Mars. Previous studies have focused on large scale features on Olympus Mons, such as the basal escarpment, summit caldera complex and aureole deposits. My objective was to identify and characterize previously unrecognized and unmapped small scale features to understand the volcanotectonic evolution of this enormous volcano. For this study I investigated flank vents and arcuate graben. Flank vents are a common feature on composite volcanoes on Earth. They provide information on the volatile content of magmas, the propagation of magma in the subsurface and the tectonic stresses acting on the volcano. Graben are found at a variety of scales in close proximity to Martian volcanoes. They can indicate flexure of the lithosphere in response to the load of the volcano or gravitation spreading of the edifice. Using Context Camera (CTX), High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), High Resolution Stereo Camera Digital Terrain Model (HRSC DTM) and Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) data, I have identified and characterized the morphology and distribution of 60 flank vents and 84 arcuate graben on Olympus Mons. Based on the observed vent morphologies, I conclude that effusive eruptions have dominated on Olympus Mons in the Late Amazonian, with flank vents playing a limited role. The spatial distribution of flank vents suggests shallow source depths and radial dike propagation. Arcuate graben, not previously observed in lower resolution datasets, occur on the lower flanks of Olympus Mons and indicate a recent extensional state of stress. Based on spatial and superposition relationships, I have constructed a developmental sequence for the construction of Olympus Mons: 1) Construction of the shield via effusive lava flows.; 2) Formation of the near summit thrust faults (flank terraces); 3) Flank failure leading to scarp formation and aureole deposition; 4) Late Amazonian effusive resurfacing and formation of flank vents; 5) Subsidence of the caldera, waning volcanism and graben formation. This volcanotectonic evolution closely resembles that proposed on Ascraeus Mons. Extensional tectonism may continue to affect the lower flanks of Olympus Mons today.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1989
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Research Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Volcanic Features of Hawaii

Volcanic Features of Hawaii
Author: Michael H. Carr,Ronald Greeley
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 211
Release: 1980
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Government publications
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Volcanic Features of Hawaii Book Excerpt:

Planetary Volcanism across the Solar System

Planetary Volcanism across the Solar System
Author: Tracy K. P. Gregg,Rosaly M. Lopes,Sarah A. Fagents
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2021-12-04
ISBN: 0128139889
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Planetary Volcanism across the Solar System Book Excerpt:

Planetary Volcanism across the Solar System compares and contrasts the vast array of planetary bodies in the Solar System, including Earth. The wealth of spacecraft data for almost all major solid-surface bodies in the Solar System indicate that volcanism has been a dominant mechanism in shaping the landscapes of these bodies. The book addresses key questions surrounding our understanding of planetary volcanism, such as how to integrate the data into a coherent view of how volcanic activity arises, how this mechanism shapes planets, which volcanic landforms are ubiquitous throughout the Solar System, and which are unique. By placing a singular emphasis on comparing volcanic processes and landforms on all relevant Solar System bodies, and with the explicit objective of providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon, users will find an up-to-date, accessible and comprehensive discussion of the major volcanic processes and landforms that shape and drive the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies. Includes an introduction placing the book in the context of the larger Comparative Planetology series Compares volcanic processes and landforms on all relevant Solar System bodies, providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon Offers a thorough examination of the major volcanic processes and landforms that shape and drive the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies Includes information from new mission data and discoveries in recent years Features over 100 color illustrations and charts to more clearly convey concepts Offers additional online content, including figures, animations, video, and other multimedia content such as interviews with contributing authors