The War In Bosnia Herzegovina

Author by : Steven L. Burg
Languange : en
Publisher by : M.E. Sharpe
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Description : Offers an analysis of the crisis in Bosnia and dilemmas surrounding international efforts to resolve it. Early chapters examine Bosnian history and major developments in the war in Bosnia between 1992 and 1994, including the use of ethnic cleansing and the question of genocide. Later chapters delve into efforts of the international community to resolve the conflict. A final chapter discusses lessons to be learned. Includes bandw maps. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


The War In Croatia And Bosnia Herzegovina 1991 1995

Author by : Branka Magas
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : This work provides an understanding of the wars in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. These two interdependent wars were the greatest armed conflicts in Europe in the second half of the 20th century. This work provides an analysis of their successes and failures.


War Crimes In Bosnia Hercegovina

Author by : Helsinki Watch (Organization : U.S.)
Languange : en
Publisher by : Human Rights Watch
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Description : Indiscriminate use of force.


Mass Rape

Author by : Alexandra Stiglmayer
Languange : en
Publisher by : U of Nebraska Press
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Total Read : 16
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Description : Sociological, cultural, and medical essays recount the testimony of mass rape, sexual enslavement, systematic impregnation, and torture of Muslim, Croatian, and Serbian women and girls


Bosnia And Herzegovina In The Second World War

Author by : Enver Redžić
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
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Description : Five major groups fought one another in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Second World War: The German and Italian occupiers, the Serbian Chetniks, the Ustasha of the Independent State of Croatia, the Bosnian Muslims, and the Tito-led Partisans. The aims, policies, and actions of each group are examined in light of their own documents and those of rival groups. This work shows how the Partisans prevailed over other groups because of their ideological appeal, superior discipline, and success in winning the support of large numbers of uncommitted Bosnians, particularly the Bosnian Muslims.


Peacebuilding And Civil Society In Bosnia Herzegovina

Author by : Martina Fischer
Languange : en
Publisher by : LIT Verlag Münster
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : The Dayton Accords ended the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1995. The 10th anniversary gives reason to investigate the post-war period, today's realities and future perspectives. Bosnian authors and international experts express their views on recent developments. Insiders and outsiders, working in the conflict and on its transformation, have been invited to tackle the questions: Which conflict lines mark the present society? Did peacebuilding activities address the underlying causes? What are obstacles for conflict transformation? What are the potentials and limits of international support? What does "civil society" mean in Bosnia and how is it related to statebuilding and democratisation? How can people constructively deal with the past in order to design the future in the region of former Yugoslavia? The book gives an overview on an important research focus of the Berghof Research Center, highlighting the work of its most important cooperation partners.


The War And War Games In Bosnia And Herzegovina From 1992 To 1995

Author by : Magnus Bjarnason
Languange : en
Publisher by : Createspace Independent Pub
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Description : This book describes the build-up to the Bosnian War, which took place from 1992-95, and the relation it had with the war in Croatia between 1991-95. The Bosnian war is viewed from two different angles. The first one is the perspective from inside the conflict area, describing the war in the field and its effects. The second one is the perspective of international high politics, where former Yugoslavia is just an object in the world power-game. It describes the Bosnian War's four phases (author's definition), the first phase being the Serbs' struggle to keep as much as possible of the disintegrating state, the second phase being the uncontrolled ethnic war, the third phase being that of corruption and stagnation where the war had a life of its own without much real fighting, and the last phase when the dividing lines were redrawn and formal fighting ended, almost like a pre-planned game of chess. The book concludes by a reflection on future developments and problems in the region.


Ethnic Conflict And International Intervention Crisis In Bosnia Herzegovina 1990 93

Author by : Steven L. Burg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : This book examines the historical, cultural and political dimensions of the crisis in Bosnia and the international efforts to resolve it. It provides a detailed analysis of international proposals to end the fighting, from the Vance-Owen plan to the Dayton Accord, with special attention to the national and international politics that shaped them. It analyzes the motivations and actions of the warring parties, neighbouring states and international actors including the United States, the United Nations, the European powers, and others involved in the war and the diplomacy surrounding it. With guides to sources and documentation, abundant tabular data and over 30 maps, this should be a definitive volume on the most vexing conflict of the post-Soviet period.


The War In Bosnia

Author by : Muhamed Borogovac
Languange : en
Publisher by : Xlibris Corporation
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : Boston, November 5, 1995 The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina is an unheard-of tragedy. Before the eyes of the entire world, a state is being destroyed, and the people (population) of a nation are suffering the genocide and ethnic cleansing. All the principles of humanity, morals, and international rules have been trampled. The question most often asked is, how could that happen today when the genocide committed during World War II is so well known (the Holocaust) and when the international community had the will and the means to protect the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina? The international community has shown that it is not the enemy of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and that it accepts this state into its membership when it recognized the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina on April 7, 1992. With that act, the international community stood up against the Serbian nationalism, which only started to bloody its hands in Bosnia and Herzegovina. So how come that in the fall of 1995, after the innumerable atrocities committed by the Serbs revolted the world, the international community crossed over to the side of the war criminals, giving them 49 percent of Bosnia and Herzegovina with its Dayton peace proposals? Who was the mastermind who succeeded to change the world opinion and what methods did he use? This book answers some of those questions. The reading of this book has to be approached with having faith in no one but a common sense. Besides that, from the reader who comprehends what is truly happening in Bosnia, it is expected that he/she spreads the truth. The ultimate goal is to help in the fight against the forces of betrayal and the division of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Wishing to arm the Bosnian patriots as soon as possible with the knowledge of what is really happening, this book is being written in a hurry. I still hope that this book will reach Bosnians and friends of Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina all over the world before it is too late and while it is still possible to say no to the division of a member of the United Nations.


Religion And The War In Bosnia

Author by : Paul Mojzes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press on Demand
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : Nineteen American and Balkan scholars examine the role of religion in the war in Bosnia and Herzgovina. Representing Muslim, Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, and secular traditions, some authors regard religion as marginal to the conflicts while others assign it a pivotal role in the social and political divisions and confrontations in the region. Collectively, they offer a bold exploration of the religious dimensions of genocide and contemporary ethnic warfare.


Peace As War

Author by : Dražen Pehar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Central European University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
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Description : The book is about the peace implementation process in Bosnia-Herzegovina viewed, or interpreted reasonably, as a continuation of war by other means. Twenty years after the beginning of the Dayton peace accords, we need to summarize the results: the author shares the general agreement in public opinion, according to which the process is a failure. Pehar presents a broad, yet sufficiently detailed, view of the entire peace agreement implementation that preserves 'the state of war,' and thus encourages the war-prone attitudes in the parties to the agreement. He examines the political and narratological underpinnings to the process of the imposed international (predominantly USA) interpretation of the Dayton constitution and peace treaty as a whole. The key issue is the – perhaps only semi-consciously applied – divide ut imperes strategy. After nearly twenty years, the peace in document was not translated into a peace on the ground because, with regard to the key political and constitutional issues and attitudes, Bosnia remains a deeply divided society. The book concludes that the international supervision served a counter-purpose: instead of correcting the aberration and guarding the meaning that was originally accepted in the Dayton peace treaty, the supervision approved the aberration and imposed it as a new norm under the clout of 'the power of ultimate interpretation.'


Bosnia And Hercegovina

Author by : Robert J. Donia
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : In "Bosnia and Hercegovina: A Tradition Betrayed, " Donia and Fine Shatter the myth that the former Yugoslavia has been plunged into civil strife by the end of the Cold War. To prove this point they examine Bosnia's rich historical traditions in light of the conflict that erupted there in 1992. The authors explain the origins of Bosnia's major ethnonational groups in the religious conversions of the Middle Ages and under the Ottomans as a prelude to the transformation of its principal religious communities into twentieth-century nationalities. Taking issue with the widespread perception that ancient rivalries and primordial ethnic hatreds among the Serbs, Muslims, and Croats are behind the tragedies occurring today, "Bosnia and Hercegovina" emphasizes instead the rich tradition of diversity, pluralism, and toleration that has developed over centuries and flourished until very recently.


Genocide And The Bosnian War

Author by : Jacqueline Ching
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
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Description : Examines the mass killing of Bosnian Muslims by Serbs in the former Yugoslavia, following the break-up of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s.


Bosnia Herzegovina

Author by : Dr Neven Andjelic
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
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Description : When the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina broke out a baffled world sought explanations from a range of experts who offered a variety of reasons for the conflict. The author of this study takes Bosnian affairs seriously and in so doing makes it much easier to grasp why the war occurred.


The War Of Positions

Author by : Emily Vest
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 22
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Description :


The Bridge Betrayed

Author by : Michael A. Sells
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
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Total Read : 33
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Description : The recent atrocities in Bosnia-Herzegovina have stunned people throughout the world. With Holocaust memories still painfully vivid, a question haunts us: how is this savagery possible? Michael A. Sells answers by demonstrating that the Bosnian conflict is not simply a civil war or a feud of age-old adversaries. It is, he says, a systematic campaign of genocide and a Christian holy war spurred by religious mythologies. This passionate yet reasoned book examines how religious stereotyping—in popular and official discourse—has fueled Serbian and Croatian ethnic hatreds. Sells, who is himself Serbian American, traces the cultural logic of genocide to the manipulation by Serb nationalists of the symbolism of Christ's death, in which Muslims are "Christ-killers" and Judases who must be mercilessly destroyed. He shows how "Christoslavic" religious nationalism became a central part of Croat and Serbian politics, pointing out that intellectuals and clergy were key instruments in assimilating extreme religious and political ideas. Sells also elucidates the ways that Western policy makers have rewarded the perpetrators of the genocide and punished the victims. He concludes with a discussion of how the multireligious nature of Bosnian society has been a bridge between Christendom and Islam, symbolized by the now-destroyed bridge at Mostar. Drawing on historical documents, unpublished United Nations reports, articles from Serbian and Bosnian media, personal contacts in the region, and Internet postings, Sells reveals the central role played by religious mythology in the Bosnian tragedy. In addition, he makes clear how much is at stake for the entire world in the struggle to preserve Bosnia's existence as a multireligious society.


Bosnia And Hercegovina

Author by : Robert J. Donia
Languange : en
Publisher by : C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
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Description : This concise history of Bosnia-Hercegovina is designed for the non-specialist reader who seeks to understand the historical background of the Bosnian conflict that erupted in 1992 in the wake of Serbian and Croatian agression. It covers the principal developments in Bosnian History, from the early medieval period until the end of 1993, focusing on the creation of religious communities and their evolution into ethnic groups and distinct nationalities.


The Bosnian Muslims In The Second World War

Author by : Marko Attila Hoare
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
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Description : The story of the Bosnian Muslims in World War II is an epic frequently alluded to in discussions of the 1990s Balkan conflicts, but almost as frequently misunderstood or falsified. This first comprehensive study of the topic in any language sets the record straight. Based on extensive research in the archives of Bosnia- Herzegovina, Serbia and Croatia, it traces the history of Bosnia and its Muslims from the Nazi German and Fascist Italian occupation of Yugoslavia in 1941, through the years of the Yugoslav civil war, and up to the seizure of power by the Communists and their establishment of a new Yugoslav state. The book explores the reasons for Muslim opposition to the new order established by the Nazis and Fascists in Bosnia in 1941 and the different forms this opposition took. It de- scribes how the Yugoslav Communists were able to harness part of this Muslim opposition to support their own resistance movement and revolutionary bid for power. This Muslim element in the Communists' revolution shaped its form and outcome, but ultimately had itself to be curbed as the victorious Communists consolidated their dictatorship. In doing so, they set the scene for future struggles over Yugoslavia's Muslim question.


Post War Identification

Author by : Torsten Kolind
Languange : en
Publisher by : Aarhus Universitetsforlag
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Description : Post-war identification is a unique ethnographic study of the remaking of post-war life in a small ethnically mixed town in Bosnia Herzegovinia. During the war in the 1990's the local Muslim population was expelled, but today has returned to live alongside former enemies. These people are trying to piece together a life from broken fragments that consists of war-related traumas, nationalist propaganda, ruined economies, disappointment, and memories of pre-war life. In this shattered world Torsten Kolind identifies an everyday based, anti-nationalistic counterdiscourse strongly rooted in pre-war life. This resistance is seldom outspoken, but consists rather of a steady insistence on not using ethnic or national categories in identifying oneself and/or others. In a world of despair, the Muslim everyday counterdiscourse gives hope for future coexistence, and points to the intriguing fact that reconcilement often develops from the bottom up, rather than in the political corridors of power. Torsten Kolind's focus on everyday resistance is a highly relevant contribution to contemporary anthropological discussions of the relation between discourse, power, nationalism, and violence


The Bosnian War And Ethnic Cleansing

Author by : Zoe Lowery
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : The Bosnian War (1992–1995) involved ferocious killing among a trio of the region’s major ethnic groups: Serbs, Croats, and Muslims. By the war’s end, as many as 26,000 Muslim civilians had been systematically murdered. This insightful resource offers a unique look at those terrifying events, including highlighting three possible perspectives on the war and the confusion these different perspectives can cause, even years later. Readers will also benefit from a review of Bosnia’s history and the events that culminated in this gruesome time.


The Yugoslav Wars Of The 1990s

Author by : Catherine Baker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Macmillan International Higher Education
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Description : Catherine Baker offers an up-to-date, balanced and concise introductory account of the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s and their aftermath. The volume incorporates the latest research, showing how the state of the field has evolved and guides students through the existing literature, topics and debates.


Bosnia Remade

Author by : Gerard Toal
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : Bosnia Remade is an authoritative account of ethnic cleansing and its partial undoing in the Bosnian wars from 1990 to the present. The two authors, both political geographers, combine a bird's-eye view of the entire war from onset to aftermath with a micro-level account of three towns that underwent ethnic cleansing and - later - the return of refugees. Through the lens of critical geopolitics, which highlights the power of both geopolitical discourse and spatial strategies, O Tuathail and Dahlman focus on the two attempts to remake the ethnic structure of Bosnia since 1991. The first attempt was by ascendant ethnonationalist forces that tried to eradicate the mixed ethnic structures of Bosnia's towns, villages and communities. While these forces destroyed tens of thousands of homes and lives, they failed to destroy Bosnia-Herzegovina as a polity. The second attempt followed the war. The international community, in league with Bosnian officials, tried to undo the demographicconsequences of ethnic cleansing. This latter effort has moved in fits and starts, but as the authors show, it has re-made Bosnia, producing a country that has moved beyond the stark segregationist geography created by ethnic cleansing. By showing how ethnic cleansing can be reversed, O Tuathail and Dahlman offer more than just a comprehensive narrative of Europe's worst political crisis in the past two decades. They also offer lessons for addressing an enduring global problem.


Surviving The Bosnian Genocide

Author by : Selma Leydesdorff
Languange : en
Publisher by : Indiana University Press
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Description : In July 1995, the Army of the Serbian Republic killed some 8,000 Bosnian men and boys in and around the town of Srebrenica—the largest mass murder in Europe since World War II. Surviving the Bosnian Genocide is based on the testimonies of 60 female survivors of the massacre who were interviewed by Dutch historian Selma Leydesdorff. The women, many of whom still live in refugee camps, talk about their lives before the Bosnian war, the events of the massacre, and the ways they have tried to cope with their fate. Drawing on their memories, though fragmented by trauma, the women tell of life and survival under extreme conditions, while recalling a time before the war when Muslims, Croats, and Serbs lived together peaceably. By giving them a voice, this book looks beyond the rapes, murders, and atrocities of that dark time to show the agency of these women during and after the war and their fight to uncover the truth of what happened at Srebrenica and why.


Bosnia After Dayton

Author by : Sumantra Bose
Languange : en
Publisher by : C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS
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Description : Since the Dayton Peace Agreement at the end of 1995, Bosnia-Hercegovina has been the focus of a major international intervention to transform a deeply divided post-war territory into a politically viable, multi-ethnic and democratic state. This study places that state-making enterprise within the context of Bosnia's complex historical legacy - the background to the Bosnian question' that emerged as Yugoslavia unravelled in 1991-2, and the social and political realities at ground level in post-war Bosnia. At the same time, Sumantra Bose brings a comparative perspective to the issues that make contemporary Bosnia significant far beyond its contested borders - debates over partition, the efficacy of international peace-building interventions, and the suitability of particular political-institutional frameworks to longer-term goals of coexistence and democratisation. c. 300pp. April 2002 Hbk: 1-85065-645-2 40.00


Bosnia And Herzegovina

Author by : Tim Clancy
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bradt Travel Guides
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Description : Provides visitors with information to explore this very different destination, including the special countryside attractions such as bird reserves and vineyards. This work is suitable for those planning an independent tour of Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Bosnia And Herzegovina

Author by : Francine Friedman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
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Description : First published in 2007. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Historical Dictionary Of Bosnia And Herzegovina

Author by : Ante Čuvalo
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
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Description : This second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Bosnia and Herzegovina sheds light on the uncertain future faced by Bosnia and Herzegovina, while providing essential background information. It contains a chronology; an introduction; more than 350 cross-referenced dictionary entries on individual topics spanning Bosnia and Herzegovina's political, economic, religious, and social system, along with short biographies on important figures; and a bibliography for further study.


Bosnia

Author by : Noel Malcolm
Languange : en
Publisher by : Pan Macmillan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 333
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Description : This work aims to set the war in the Balkans in its full historical and political context. This edition includes a chapter covering the events between 1993 and 1995.


Religious Separation And Political Intolerance In Bosnia Herzegovina

Author by : Mitja Velikonja
Languange : en
Publisher by : Texas A&M University Press
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Description : Mitja Velikonja has written a comprehensive survey that examines how religion has interacted with other aspects of Bosnia-Herzegovina's history. Velikonja sees the former Ottoman borderland as a distinct cultural and religious entity where three major faiths -- Islam, Catholicism, and Orthodoxy -- managed to coexist in relative peace. It is only during the past century that competing nationalisms have led to persecution, ethnic cleansing, and mass murder. Emphasizing the importance of religion to nationalism as a symbol of collective identity that strengthens national identity, Velikonja notes that religious groups have a tendency to become isolated from one another. He believes Bosnia-Herzegovina was unique in its sarlikost, or diversity, because while religion defined ethnic communities there and kept them separate, it did not create a culture of intolerance. Rather than suppressing one another, the region's ethno-religious groups learned to cooperate and mediate their differences -- useful behavior in an area that served as buffer between East and West for most of its history. Velikonja believes that Bosnians went beyond tolerance to embrace synthetic, eclectic religious norms, with each religious group often borrowing customs and rituals from its rivals. Rather than the extreme orthodoxy evident elsewhere in Europe, Bosnia became the home of heterodoxy. Sadly, nationalism changed all that, and the area became the scene of systematic persecution, forced conversion, and mass slaughter. Velikonja considers the misfortunes suffered by the Bosnians during the 1990s as largely the result of actions by their neighbors and local militants and inaction by the international community.But he also sees the tragedy that unfolded as the result of the exploitation of ethno-religious differences and myths by Serbian chauvinists and Croatian nationalists. Despite the tragedy that overwhelmed Bosnia-Herzegovina