The Winter Sea

The Winter Sea
Author: Susanna Kearsley
Publsiher: Allison & Busby
Total Pages: 527
Release: 2008
ISBN: 9780749080976
Category: Authors
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Winter Sea Book Excerpt:

History has all but forgotten the spring of 1708, when an invasion fleet of French and Scottish soldiers nearly succeeded in landing the exiled James Stewart in Scotland to reclaim his crown. But when bestselling author Carrie McClelland is drawn to the coastal town of Slains and decides to base her new historical novel there, it's an opportunity for the past to come to life. She focuses her story on the inhabitants of Slains Castle and decides to place one of her own ancestors - Sophia Paterson - into this Jacobite stronghold, through whom she can relate events. Her subsequent discovery that Sophia did indeed live at Slains Castle during the rebellion leads Carrie to realise that this story is not entirely her own and that inspiration is coming to her direct from the past. As Sophia's memories draw Carrie more deeply into the intrigue of 1708, she comes to realise that a hitherto unrealised bond with her ancestor is providing her with a direct window into the true events of the time. Mesmerising and meticulously researched, The Winter Sea is a haunting tale of two women's experiences of love, political intrigue and personal betrayal in two very different times.

The Winter Sea

The Winter Sea
Author: Susanna Kearsley
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2021-12-09
ISBN: 1471196089
Category: Fiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Winter Sea Book Excerpt:

From New York Times bestselling author Susanna Kearsley 1707 An ill-fated expedition for the New World left Sophia Paterson an orphan, cared for by her uncle. On his passing, a distant relative offers what Sophia longs for most: a home. Slains Castle, on the rugged Scottish coast, is much more comfortable than she is accustomed to. But danger is right around the corner, as rebels conspire to bring the exiled James Stewart to Scotland to reclaim his crown. Present day Enchanted by the ruins of the castle, Carrie McClelland hopes to turn this all-but-forgotten story into her next novel. Settling in the nearby village, she creates a heroine named after one of her ancestors and starts to write. Discovering her novel contains more than she researched, Carrie wonders if this is ancestral memory – making her the only living person to know what truly happened all those years ago. With each new chapter she uncovers the secrets of the past in a sweeping tale of love, loyalty and ultimate betrayal. Praise for Susanna Kearsley ‘Sometimes an author catches lightning in a bottle, and Susanna Kearsley has done just that’ New York Journal of Books ‘A deeply engaging romance and a compelling historical novel’ Bernard Cornwell, author of The Last Kingdom ‘An epic romance for an epic season, by one of Canada’s best historical fiction writers’ The Globe and Mail ‘Kearsley is nothing less than a magician weaving together the past and the present in yet another marvellous, genre-bending, romantic, mysterious and utterly unputdownable novel’ M J Rose, author of Seduction ‘Fascinating, immersive and twisty – twists not only of plot, but of character and time’ Diana Gabaldon, author of the Outlander series ‘A terrific read, evocative and romantic’ Nicola Cornick, author of The Scandals of an Innocent ‘Will stay with you long after you put it down. Her deft touch with historical intrigue is matched only by her delivery of a contemporary heroine who is as unique as she is memorable’ Deanna Raybourn, author of The Dark Enquiry

The Winter Sea

The Winter Sea
Author: Di Morrissey
Publsiher: St. Martin's Griffin
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2014-12-30
ISBN: 1466852054
Category: Fiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Winter Sea Book Excerpt:

Escaping an unhappy marriage and an unsatisfactory job, Cassie Holloway moves to the little Australian coastal town of Whitby Point. There she meets the Aquino family, whose fishing business was founded by their ancestor, Giuseppe, an Italian immigrant, some ninety years before. Life for Cassie on the south west coast is sweet as she sets up a successful restaurant and falls in love with Giuseppe's great grandson Michael. But when the family patriarch dies, a devastating family secret is revealed which threatens to destroy her dreams. Cassie's future happiness now rests with her quest for the truth, in Di Morrissey's The Winter Sea.

The Black Sea Environment

The Black Sea Environment
Author: Aleksey N. Kosarev
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 457
Release: 2007-10-27
ISBN: 3540742921
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Black Sea Environment Book Excerpt:

Based on a wealth of primary data collected by expeditions as well as archive data from Russia, this fascinating book features a systematic description of the knowledge accumulated on the physical oceanography, marine chemistry and pollution, marine biology and geology, meteorology and hydrology of the Black Sea. It presents the principal characteristic features of the environmental conditions of the sea and their changes in the second half of the 20th century.

Sea Ice

Sea Ice
Author: David N. Thomas
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 664
Release: 2017-03-06
ISBN: 1118778383
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sea Ice Book Excerpt:

Overview of sea ice growth and properties / Chris Petrich & Hajo Eicken -- Sea ice thickness distribution / Christian Haas -- Snow in the sea-ice system : friend or foe? / Matthew Sturm & Robert A. Massom -- Sea ice and sunlight / Donald K. Perovich -- The sea ice-ocean boundary layer / Miles G. McPhee -- The atmosphere over sea ice / Ola Persson & Timo Vihma -- Sea ice and arctic ocean oceanography / Finlo Cottier, Mike Steele & Frank Nielsen -- Oceanography and sea ice in the southern ocean / Michael P. Meredith & Mark A. Brandon -- Methods of satellite remote sensing of sea ice / Gunnar Spreen & Stefan Kern -- Gaining (and losing) antarctic sea ice : variability, trends and mechanisms / Sharon Stammerjohn & Ted Maksym -- Losing arctic sea ice : observations of the recent decline and the long-term context / Walt N. Meier -- Sea ice in earth system models / Dirk Notz & Cecilia M. Bitz -- Sea ice as a habitat for bacteria, archaea and viruses / Jody W. Deming & R. Eric Collins -- Sea ice as a habitat for primary producers / Kevin R. Arrigo -- Sea ice as a habitat for micrograzers / David A. Caron, Rebecca J. Gast & Marie-Eve Garneau -- Sea ice as a habitat for macrograzers / Bodil A. Bluhm, Kerrie M. Swadling & Rolf Gradinger -- Nutrients, dissolved organic matter and exopolymers in sea ice / Klaus M. Meiners & Christine Michel -- Gases in sea ice / Jean-Louis Tison, Bruno Delille & Stathys Papadimitriou -- Transport and transformation of contaminants in sea ice / Feiyue Wang, Monika Pucko & Gary Stern -- Numerical models of sea ice biogeochemistry / Martin Vancoppenolla & Letizia Tedesco -- Arctic marine mammals and sea ice / Kristin L. Laidre & Eric V. Regehr -- Antarctic marine mammals and sea ice / Marthán N. Bester, Horst Bornemann & Trevor McIntyre -- A feathered perspective : the influence of sea ice on arctic marine birds / Nina J. Karnovsky & Maria V. Gavrilo -- Birds and antarctic sea ice / David Ainley, Eric J. Woehler & Amelie Lescroel -- Sea ice is our beautiful garden : indigenous perspectives on sea ice of sea ice in the arctic / Henry P. Huntington, Shari Gearheard, Lene Kielsen Holm, George Noongwook, Margaret Opie & Joelie Sanguya -- Advances in palaeo sea-ice estimation / Leanne Armand, Alexander Ferry & Amy Leventer -- Ice in subarctic seas / Hermanni Kaartokallio, Mats A. Granskog, Harri Kuosa & Jouni Vainio

The Nordic Seas

The Nordic Seas
Author: Helge Drange,Trond Dokken,Tore Furevik,Rudiger Gerdes,Wolfgang Berger
Publsiher: American Geophysical Union
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2005-01-14
ISBN: 0875904238
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Nordic Seas Book Excerpt:

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 158. The world's largest positive temperature deviation from zonal mean temperatures lies within the realm of the Nordic Seas, comprising bodies of water variously referred to as the Norwegian Sea, the Iceland Sea, and the Greenland Sea. Its role as a mixing cauldron for waters entering from the North Atlantic and the Arctic Oceans, and its function as a major source of deep and abyss water, make our understanding of the Nordic Seas a crucial element in advancing the knowledge of climate dynamics in the Northern Hemisphere. In this context, its small extent (covering only 0.75% of the area of the world's oceans) and its unique location, which allows for accessibility and detailed exploration, are of special significance. The current book speaks to that significance specifically and also to assessing the region's present and future response to, and influence on, global climate change. It is the first such work since B. G. Hurdle's groundbreaking The Nordic Seas (published in 1986).

Rise Ye Sea Slugs

 Rise  Ye Sea Slugs
Author: Robin Gill
Publsiher: Paraverse Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2003
ISBN: 0974261807
Category: Poetry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rise Ye Sea Slugs Book Excerpt:

Rise, Ye Sea Slugs! is a book of many faces. First, it is a book of translated haiku and contains over 900 of these short Japanese poems in the original (smoothly inserted in the main body),with phonetic and literal renditions, as well as the authors English translations and explanations. All but a dozen or two of the haiku are translated for the first time. There is an index of poets, poems and a bibliography. Second, it is a book of sea slug haiku, for all of the poems are about holothurians, which scientists prefer to call sea cucumbers. (The word cucumber is long for haiku and metaphorically unsuitable for many poems, so poetic license was taken.) With this book, the namako, as the sea cucumber is called in Japanese, becomes the most translated single subject in haiku, surpassing the harvest moon, the snow, the cuckoo, butterflies and even cherry blossoms. Third, it is a book of original haiku. While the authors original intent was to include only genuine old haiku (dating back to the 17th century), modern haiku were added and, eventually, Keigu (Gills haiku name) composed about a hundred of his own to help fill out gaps in the metaphorical museum. For many if not most modern haiku taken from the web, it is also their first time in print! Fourth, it is a book of metaphor. How may we arrange hundreds of poems on a single theme? Gill divides them into 21 main metaphors, including the Cold Sea Slug, the Mystic Sea Slug, the Helpless Sea Slug, the Slippery Sea Slug, the Silent Sea Slug, and the Melancholy Sea Slug, giving each a chapter, within which the metaphors may be further subdivided, and adds a 100 pages of Sundry Sea Slugs (scores of varieties including Monster, Spam, Flying, Urban Myth, and Exploding). Fifth, it is a book on haiku. E ditors usually select only the best haiku, but, Gill includes good and bad haiku by everyone from the 17th century haiku master to the anonymous haiku rejected in some internet contest. This is not to say all poems found were included, but that the standard was along more taxonomic or encyclopedic lines: poems that filled in a metaphorical or sub-metaphorical gap were always welcome. Also, Gill shows there is more than one type of good haiku. These are new ways to approach haiku. Sixth, it is a book on translation. There are approximately 2 translations per haiku, and some boast a dozen. These arearranged in mixed single, double and triple-column clusters which make each reading seem a different aspect of a singular, almost crystalline whole. The authors aim is to demonstrate that multiple reading (such as found in Hofstadters Le Ton Beau de Marot) is not only a fun game but a bona fide method of translating, especially useful for translating poetry between exotic tongues. Seventh, it is a book of nature writing, natural history or metaphysics (in the Emersonian sense). Gill tried to compile relevant or interesting (not necessarily both) historical -- this includes the sea slug in literature, English or Japanese, and in folklore -- and scientific facts to read haiku in their light or, conversely, bringor wring out science from haiku. Unlike most nature writers, Gill admits to doing no fieldwork, but sluggishly staying put and relying upon reportsfrom more mobile souls. Eighth, it is a book about food symbolism. The sea cucumber is noticed by Japanese because they eat it; the eating itselfinvolves physical difficulties (slipperiness and hardness) and pleasures from overcoming them. It is also identified with a state of mind, where you are what you eat takes on psychological dimensions not found in the food literature of the West. Ninth, it is a book about Japanese culture. Gill does not set out to explain Japan, and the sea slug itself is silent;but the collection of poems and their explanations, which include analysis by poets who responded to the author's questions as well has historical sources, take us all around the culture, from ancient myths to contemporary dreams. Tenth, it is a book about sea cucumbers. While most species of sea cucumbers are not mentioned and the coverage of the Japanese sea cucumber is sketchy from the scientific point of view, Gill does introduce this animal graced to live with no brain thanks to the smart materials comprising it and blessed for sucking in dirty sediment and pooping it out clean. Eleventh, it is a book about ambiguity. Gill admits there is much that cannot be translated, much he cannot know and much to be improved in future editions, for which purpose he advises readers to see the on-line Glosses and Errata in English and Japanese. His policy is to confide in, rather than slip by the reader unnoticed, in the manner of the invisible modern translator and allow the reader to makechoices or choose to allow multiple possibilities to exist by not chosing.Twelfth, the book is the first of dozens of spin-offs from a twenty-book haiku saijiki (poetic almanac) called In Praise of Olde Haiku (IPOOH, for short) Gill hopes to finish within the decade. Thirteenth. The book is a novelty item. It has a different (often witty) header (caption) on top of each page and copious notes that are rarely academic and oftehumorous.

Winter Sea

Winter Sea
Author: Alan Ross
Publsiher: Faber & Faber
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2013-04-18
ISBN: 0571302890
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Winter Sea Book Excerpt:

'This is Alan Ross's fourth volume of autobiography (following on from Blindfold Games, Coastwise Lights, and After Pusan)... Winter Sea, like his previous volumes, is an intriguing mix of memoir, poetry, and travel writing.' PN Review 'Fragmentary and delightfully idiosyncratic... [Winter Sea] has a distinctly maritime flavour, and the wartime memories recalled after 50 years mostly concern North Sea or Baltic cities... The smell of the Baltic, Ross writes, is 'a fusion of salt, sand dunes, pine trees and tar'... Wherever Ross travels, he has a book in his pocket, and more often than not his reading is by way of homage to a native poet or writer... The symphonic quality of this wistful and, at times, very moving collection is maintained with a final section of 15 new poems, mostly relating to the author's more recent travels. Winter Sea is a book to savour; Alan Ross brings history to life as only a poet can.' Euan Cameron, Independent

Dynamics and Predictability of Large Scale High Impact Weather and Climate Events

Dynamics and Predictability of Large Scale  High Impact Weather and Climate Events
Author: Jianping Li,Richard Swinbank,Richard Grotjahn,Hans Volkert
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2016-03-24
ISBN: 1107071429
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamics and Predictability of Large Scale High Impact Weather and Climate Events Book Excerpt:

This book examines the dynamical processes between high-impact weather and climate events, and between atmospheric and ocean phenomena.

Geology of the China Seas

Geology of the China Seas
Author: Pinxian Wang,Qianyu Li,Chun-Feng Li
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 702
Release: 2014-06-07
ISBN: 0444593942
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geology of the China Seas Book Excerpt:

Geology of the China Seas represents the first English-language synthesis of the available research into the geology of the South and East China Seas. Among the marginal basins worldwide, these areas have been the focus of extensive research activities in the last three decades, and are now among the global hot spots in hydrocarbon explorations and scientific investigations. The region is experiencing rapid economic development with the offshore petroleum industry providing approximately one third of the domestic hydrocarbon production for mainland China. Gas hydrates have been successfully recovered from the China Seas for the first time. Over the years, many volumes on the geology of the China Seas have been published in Chinese. Although an increasing number of papers in English have appeared recently, the majority deal with local or regional paleo-environment and sedimentology, and are scattered in different journals. This book brings together this rich data in one resource, particularly that generated by Chinese marine geologists and petroleum geologists, and provides the very first synthesis of the geology off China. The first systematic summary of the geology of the China Seas Includes comprehensive coverage of the South China Sea and the East China Sea, including the Yellow Sea and Bohai Gulf Reviews hundreds of Chinese publications on marine and petroleum geology not currently accessible to the international community

The Nordic Seas

The Nordic Seas
Author: Burton G. Hurdle
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 777
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461580358
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Nordic Seas Book Excerpt:

" ... as soon as one has traversed the greater part of the wild sea, one comes upon such a huge quantity of ice that nowhere in the whole world has the like been known." "This ice is of a wonderful nature. It lies at times quite still, as one would expect, with openings or large fjords in it; but sometimes its movement is so strong and rapid as to equal that of a ship running before the wind, and it drifts against the wind as often as with it." Kongespeilet - 1250 A.D. ("The Mirror of Kings") Modern societies require increasing amounts influence on the water mass and on the resulting of scientific information about the environment total environment of the region; therefore, cer tain of its characteristics will necessarily be in whieh they live and work. For the seas this information must describe the air above the sea, included.

Sub seasonal to Seasonal Prediction

Sub seasonal to Seasonal Prediction
Author: Andrew Robertson,Frederic Vitart
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 585
Release: 2018-10-19
ISBN: 012811715X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sub seasonal to Seasonal Prediction Book Excerpt:

The Gap Between Weather and Climate Forecasting: Sub-seasonal to Seasonal Prediction is an ideal reference for researchers and practitioners across the range of disciplines involved in the science, modeling, forecasting and application of this new frontier in sub-seasonal to seasonal (S2S) prediction. It provides an accessible, yet rigorous, introduction to the scientific principles and sources of predictability through the unique challenges of numerical simulation and forecasting with state-of-science modeling codes and supercomputers. Additional coverage includes the prospects for developing applications to trigger early action decisions to lessen weather catastrophes, minimize costly damage, and optimize operator decisions. The book consists of a set of contributed chapters solicited from experts and leaders in the fields of S2S predictability science, numerical modeling, operational forecasting, and developing application sectors. The introduction and conclusion, written by the co-editors, provides historical perspective, unique synthesis and prospects, and emerging opportunities in this exciting, complex and interdisciplinary field. Contains contributed chapters from leaders and experts in sub-seasonal to seasonal science, forecasting and applications Provides a one-stop shop for graduate students, academic and applied researchers, and practitioners in an emerging and interdisciplinary field Offers a synthesis of the state of S2S science through the use of concrete examples, enabling potential users of S2S forecasts to quickly grasp the potential for application in their own decision-making Includes a broad set of topics, illustrated with graphic examples, that highlight interdisciplinary linkages

The Arctic Climate System

The Arctic Climate System
Author: Mark C. Serreze,Roger G. Barry
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 415
Release: 2014-07-21
ISBN: 1107037174
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Arctic Climate System Book Excerpt:

This second edition provides completely up-to-date, scientifically rigorous yet highly accessible overview of Arctic climate science, for advanced students and researchers.

Seasonal to Decadal Predictions of Arctic Sea Ice

Seasonal to Decadal Predictions of Arctic Sea Ice
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Polar Research Board,Committee on the Future of Arctic Sea Ice Research in Support of Seasonal to Decadal Prediction
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 92
Release: 2013-01-03
ISBN: 0309265266
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seasonal to Decadal Predictions of Arctic Sea Ice Book Excerpt:

Recent well documented reductions in the thickness and extent of Arctic sea ice cover, which can be linked to the warming climate, are affecting the global climate system and are also affecting the global economic system as marine access to the Arctic region and natural resource development increase. Satellite data show that during each of the past six summers, sea ice cover has shrunk to its smallest in three decades. The composition of the ice is also changing, now containing a higher fraction of thin first-year ice instead of thicker multi-year ice. Understanding and projecting future sea ice conditions is important to a growing number of stakeholders, including local populations, natural resource industries, fishing communities, commercial shippers, marine tourism operators, national security organizations, regulatory agencies, and the scientific research community. However, gaps in understanding the interactions between Arctic sea ice, oceans, and the atmosphere, along with an increasing rate of change in the nature and quantity of sea ice, is hampering accurate predictions. Although modeling has steadily improved, projections by every major modeling group failed to predict the record breaking drop in summer sea ice extent in September 2012. Establishing sustained communication between the user, modeling, and observation communities could help reveal gaps in understanding, help balance the needs and expectations of different stakeholders, and ensure that resources are allocated to address the most pressing sea ice data needs. Seasonal-to-Decadal Predictions of Arctic Sea Ice: Challenges and Strategies explores these topics.

A Large Dictionary English and Dutch

A Large Dictionary English and Dutch
Author: Willem Séwel
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1735
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Large Dictionary English and Dutch Book Excerpt:

The Eastern Bering Sea Shelf

The Eastern Bering Sea Shelf
Author: Donald Wilbur Hood,John Archer Calder
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1980
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Marine resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Eastern Bering Sea Shelf Book Excerpt:

Antarctic News Clips

Antarctic News Clips
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1995
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Antarctica
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Antarctic News Clips Book Excerpt:

Evaluation of Ocean Energy Conversion Based on Linear Generator Concepts

Evaluation of Ocean Energy Conversion Based on Linear Generator Concepts
Author: Michael A. Stelzer Ph. D.
Publsiher: AuthorHouse
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2012-06
ISBN: 1477213082
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evaluation of Ocean Energy Conversion Based on Linear Generator Concepts Book Excerpt:

It is shown theoretically that the buoy can be designed to have a greater heave response than that of the height of a passing wave resulting in an increase in generated power from the linear generator.

Narwhals

Narwhals
Author: Todd McLeish
Publsiher: University of Washington Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN: 0295804696
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Narwhals Book Excerpt:

Among all the large whales on Earth, the most unusual and least studied is the narwhal, the northernmost whale on the planet and the one most threatened by global warming. Narwhals thrive in the fjords and inlets of northern Canada and Greenland. These elusive whales, whose long tusks were the stuff of medieval European myths and Inuit legends, are uniquely adapted to the Arctic ecosystem and are able to dive below thick sheets of ice to depths of up to 1,500 meters in search of their prey-halibut, cod, and squid. Join Todd McLeish as he travels high above the Arctic circle to meet: Teams of scientific researchers studying the narwhal's life cycle and the mysteries of its tusk Inuit storytellers and hunters Animals that share the narwhals' habitat: walruses, polar bears, bowhead and beluga whales, ivory gulls, and two kinds of seals McLeish consults logbooks kept by whalers and explorers and interviews folklorists and historians to tease out the relationship between the real narwhal and the mythical unicorn. In Colorado, he visits climatologists studying changes in the seasonal cycles of the Arctic ice. From a history of the trade in narwhal tusks to descriptions of narwhals' vocalizations as heard through hydrophones, Narwhals reveals the beauty and thrill of the narwhal and its habitat, and the threat it faces from a rapidly changing world. Watch the trailer: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gHwaqdKyLCQ&list=UUge4MONgLFncQ1w1C_BnHcw&index=9&feature=plcp

The Pacific Arctic Region

The Pacific Arctic Region
Author: Jacqueline M. Grebmeier,Wieslaw Maslowski
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2014-06-10
ISBN: 9401788634
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Pacific Arctic Region Book Excerpt:

The Pacific Arctic region is experiencing rapid sea ice retreat, seawater warming, ocean acidification and biological response. Physical and biogeochemical modeling indicates the potential for step-function changes to the overall marine ecosystem. This synthesis book was coordinated within the Pacific Arctic Group, a network of international partners working in the Pacific Arctic. Chapter topics range from atmospheric and physical sciences to chemical processing and biological response to changing environmental conditions. Physical and biogeochemical modeling results highlight the need for data collection and interdisciplinary modeling activities to track and forecast the changing ecosystem of the Pacific Arctic with climate change.