Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Second Edition

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials  Second Edition
Author: Charles A. Wilkie,Alexander B. Morgan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 853
Release: 2009-12-10
ISBN: 9781420084009
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Second Edition Book Excerpt:

When dealing with challenges such as providing fire protection while considering cost, mechanical and thermal performance and simultaneously addressing increasing regulations that deal with composition of matter and life cycle issues, there are no quick, one-size-fits-all answers. Packed with comprehensive coverage, scientific approach, step-by-step directions, and a distillation of technical knowledge, the first edition of Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials broke new ground. It supplied a one-stop resource for the development of new fire safe materials. The editors have expanded the second edition to echo the multidisciplinary approach inherent in current flame retardancy technology and put it in a revised, more user-friendly format. More than just an update of previously covered topics, this edition discusses: additional fire retardant chemistry developments in regulations and standards new flame retardant approaches fire safety engineering modeling and fire growth phenomena The book introduces flame retardants polymer-by-polymer, supplemented by a brief overview of mode of action and interaction, and all the other ancillary issues involved in this applied field of materials science. The book delineates what, why, and how to do it, covering the fundamentals of polymer burning/combustion and how to apply these systems and chemistries to specific materials classes. It also provides suggested formulations, discusses why certain materials are preferred for particular uses or applications, and offers a starting point from which to develop fire-safe materials.

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials
Author: Krzysztof Pielichowski,James Njuguna,Tomasz M. Majka
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2022-07-15
ISBN: 9780128230237
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials, Second Edition, offers a wealth of information for polymer researchers and processors requiring an understanding of the implications of thermal degradation on materials and product performance. Understanding the thermal degradation of polymers is of paramount importance for developing successful approaches to polymer processing and higher-temperature applications. Controlling degradation requires understanding of many different phenomena, including chemical mechanisms, the influence of polymer morphology, the complexities of oxidation chemistry, and the effects of stabilizers, fillers and other additives. The book begins by presenting thermal degradation mechanisms and kinetics, as well as describing the use of various techniques, such as thermogravimetry in combination with mass spectroscopy and infrared spectrometry, to investigate thermal decomposition routes. These methods have proved useful for defining suitable processing conditions for polymers, and for establishing service guidelines for their application. This is followed by in-depth sections covering polymers and copolymers by category, including polyolefins, styrene polymers, polyvinyl chloride, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesters, polyacrylates, natural polymers, inorganic polymers, high temperature-resistant and conducting polymers, blends, organic-inorganic hybrid materials, nanocomposites, and biocomposites. Finally, other key considerations such as recycling of polymers by thermal degradation, thermal degradation during processing, and modelling, are discussed in detail. This Second Edition has been thoroughly updated and expanded, to include new in-depth sections on conducting polymers, organic-inorganic hybrid materials, polymer nanocomposites, and biocomposites, as well as the latest advances, such as recent developments in thermal analysis techniques used for polymer degradation tests. This is an essential resource for researchers and advanced students in polymer science, materials chemistry, chemical engineering, plastics engineering, and materials engineering, as well as engineers, R&D professionals, and scientists working with polymeric materials for advanced applications, including in construction, automobiles, aerospace, biotechnology, pharmaceutics, packaging, and electronics. Explains mechanisms of polymer degradation making it possible to understand and to predict material behavior at elevated temperatures Offers systematic coverage of each polymer group, supported by data, detailed explanations and critical analysis Investigates thermal decomposition routes of new materials, such as organic-inorganic hybrid materials and polymer nanocomposites

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials
Author: Krzysztof Pielichowski,James Njuguna
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9781859574980
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

Understanding the thermal degradation of polymers is of paramount importance for developing a rational technology of polymer processing and higher-temperature applications. Controlling degradation requires understanding of many different phenomena, including chemical mechanisms, the influence of polymer morphology, the complexities of oxidation chemistry, and the effects of stabilisers, fillers and other additives. This book offers a wealth of information for polymer researchers and processors requiring an understanding of the implications of thermal degradation on material and product performance.

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials
Author: Myer Kutz
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 684
Release: 2018-06-15
ISBN: 0323524737
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials Book Excerpt:

The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials, Third Edition, explains how to measure, analyze and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials, including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors, such as weather, seawater, and fire. This updated edition divides the material into four new sections, Analysis and Testing, Types of Degradation, Protective Measures and Surface Engineering, then concluding with Case Studies. New chapters include topics on Hydrogen Permeation and Hydrogen Induced Cracking, Weathering of Plastics, the Environmental Degradation of Ceramics and Advanced Materials, Antimicrobial Layers, Coatings, and the Corrosion of Pipes in Drinking Water Systems. Expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering expertise that complements their explanations and advice. Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensure that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. Introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete, wood and textiles Describes the kind of degradation that effects each material and how best to protect it Includes case studies that show how organizations, from small consulting firms, to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Principles of Polymer Chemistry

Principles of Polymer Chemistry
Author: A. Ravve
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 626
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461542278
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Polymer Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Principles of Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition was written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in polymer chemistry, along with practicing chemists who need a reference guide. Many important events have taken place since the First Edition was published in 1995, and they are updated here. For example, sections have been included on controlled/living free radical polymerization, and sections on metathesis type polymerization and metallocene catalysts were expanded. The book was also expanded to include discussions of thermodynamics of elasticity, thermodynamics of polymeric solutions, and rheology and viscoelasticity. A chapter on degradation of polymers was also added.

Fundamentals of Composites Manufacturing Second Edition

Fundamentals of Composites Manufacturing  Second Edition
Author: A. Brent Strong
Publsiher: Society of Manufacturing Engineers
Total Pages: 620
Release: 2008
ISBN: 0872638545
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Composites Manufacturing Second Edition Book Excerpt:

Describes advances, key information, case studies, and examples that can broaden your knowledge of composites materials and manufacturing methods. This text deals with composites manufacturing methods, providing tips for getting the best results that weigh the required material properties against cost and production efficiency. An Instructor's Guide is also available.

Handbook of Vinyl Polymers

Handbook of Vinyl Polymers
Author: Munmaya Mishra,Yusuf Yagci
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN: 1420015133
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Vinyl Polymers Book Excerpt:

Radical polymerization is one of the most widely used means of producing vinyl polymers, supporting a myriad of commercial uses. Maintaining the quality of the critically acclaimed first edition, the Handbook of Vinyl Polymers: Radical Polymerization, Process, and Technology, Second Edition provides a fully updated, single-volume source on the chemistry, technology, and applications of vinyl polymers. Emphasizes radical initiating systems and mechanisms of action... Written by renowned researchers in the field, this handbook is primarily concerned with the physical and organic chemistry of radical vinyl polymerization. The authors survey the most recent advances, processing methods, technologies, and applications of free radical vinyl polymerization. The book features thorough coverage of polymer functionalization, photo initiation, block and graft copolymers, and polymer composites. Analyzes living/controlled radical polymerization, one of the latest developments in the field... Combining fundamental aspects with the latest advances, processing methods, and applications in free radical vinyl polymerization and polymer technology, this invaluable reference provides a unified, in-depth, and innovative perspective of radical vinyl polymerization.

Flame Retardant and Thermally Insulating Polymers

Flame Retardant and Thermally Insulating Polymers
Author: Yanfei Xu
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2021-09-08
ISBN: 1839687142
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Flame Retardant and Thermally Insulating Polymers Book Excerpt:

Polymers have infiltrated almost every aspect of modern technology, as they have wide applications ranging from building insulation and firefighter uniforms to the Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft and electronics packaging. However, common polymers are flammable. Inflammability and thermal insulation properties in polymers are important for specific applications. This book discusses recent advances in developing eco-friendly, flame-retardant, and thermally insulative polymer-based materials. It not only focuses on developments of high-performance flame retardants, but also examines flame retardant behaviors in polymers. Eco-friendly polymers with superior flame retardancy, extraordinary thermal insulation, and excellent mechanical strength will provide new opportunities for existing and future applications.

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 2250
Release: 2012-12-28
ISBN: 0123821665
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences Book Excerpt:

Forensic science includes all aspects of investigating a crime, including: chemistry, biology and physics, and also incorporates countless other specialties. Today, the service offered under the guise of "forensic science’ includes specialties from virtually all aspects of modern science, medicine, engineering, mathematics and technology. The Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is a reference source that will inform both the crime scene worker and the laboratory worker of each other’s protocols, procedures and limitations. Written by leading scientists in each area, every article is peer reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. As reflected in the specialties of its Editorial Board, the contents covers the core theories, methods and techniques employed by forensic scientists – and applications of these that are used in forensic analysis. This 4-volume set represents a 30% growth in articles from the first edition, with a particular increase in coverage of DNA and digital forensics Includes an international collection of contributors The second edition features a new 21-member editorial board, half of which are internationally based Includes over 300 articles, approximately 10pp on average Each article features a) suggested readings which point readers to additional sources for more information, b) a list of related Web sites, c) a 5-10 word glossary and definition paragraph, and d) cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia Available online via SciVerse ScienceDirect. Please visit www.info.sciencedirect.com for more information This new edition continues the reputation of the first edition, which was awarded an Honorable Mention in the prestigious Dartmouth Medal competition for 2001. This award honors the creation of reference works of outstanding quality and significance, and is sponsored by the RUSA Committee of the American Library Association

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1990-12
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Research Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials
Author: Li Jianjun,Ou Yuxiang
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2019-08-19
ISBN: 3110349353
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

Flame retardant materials are of vital importance in guaranteeing personal security. Especially the demand for non-toxic, low smoking, polymerized flame retardants increases and new materials enter the market. The authors present the fundamental theory of polymer combustion, compare different flame retardants, describe smoke suppression mechanisms, and explain analyzing techniques for new materials.

Product Safety Evaluation Handbook Second Edition

Product Safety Evaluation Handbook  Second Edition
Author: Shayne C. Gad
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 712
Release: 1999-07-02
ISBN: 9781420000559
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Product Safety Evaluation Handbook Second Edition Book Excerpt:

"Provides comprehensive, single-source coverage of the latest toxicity testing requirements and methods for personal care products, industrial and agricultural chemicals, and consumer goods. Second Edition, contains a new chapter on toxicokinetic testing and modeling, offers the latest solutions to common problems in testing and risk assessment, supplies an updated bibliography and more than 1300 references-over 100 new to this edition, and more."

Compostable Polymer Materials

Compostable Polymer Materials
Author: Ewa Rudnik
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2010-07-07
ISBN: 9780080560847
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Compostable Polymer Materials Book Excerpt:

Compostable Polymer Materials deals with an environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book provides up–to-date results and information about compostable polymer materials in a coherent and comprehensive manner. It covers the entire spectrum of preparation, properties, degradation, and environmental issues. The emphasis is on recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxicological assessment of polymer materials-–important issues from the ecological point of view. Moreover, the thermal behavior of compostable polymers is described. Their price evolution over the past decade, an estimation of the market and future perspectives are presented. Focus on the composting process, compostability standards, compost quality and composting studies Coherent and uniformly presented information about methods of preparation; properties, processing and applications Up-to-date information on ecotoxicity testing and studies of polymers Overview of thermal stability and thermal degradation process of compostable polymer materials Presents future perspectives of compostable polymers, including evolution of price during last decade Information about waste management evolution in Europe, USA and Asia (China) with emphasis on composting during the last decade

Degradation of Plastics

Degradation of Plastics
Author: Inamuddin,Rizwana Mobin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula
Publsiher: Materials Research Forum LLC
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2021-05-20
ISBN: 1644901331
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Degradation of Plastics Book Excerpt:

The degradation of plastics is most important for the removal and recycling of plastic wastes. The book presents a comprehensive overview of the field. Topics covered include plastic degradation methods, mechanistic actions, biodegradation, involvement of enzymes, photocatalytic degradation and the use of cyanobacteria. Also covered are the market of degradable plastics and the environmental implications. Keywords: Degradable Plastics, Bioplastics, Biodegradable Plastics, Enzymes, Cyanobacteria, Photocatalytic Degradation, Wastewater Treatment, Degradable Plastic Market, Polyethylene, Polypropylene, Polystyrene, Polyvinyl Chloride, Polyurethane, and Polyethylene Terephthalate.

Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials
Author: Harvey E. Bair
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 972
Release: 1981
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Polymerization
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

The Second Edition of Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials, edited by Edith A. Turi provides an overview of thermal analysis by focusing on instrumentation and an array of applications in research, development, production, quality control and technical service.

Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles

Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles
Author: F. Selcen Kilinc
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2013-05-15
ISBN: 0857098934
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles Book Excerpt:

Given its importance to consumer safety, fire resistant textiles are one of the fastest growing sectors in industrial textiles. Handbook of fire resistant textiles provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years. It draws together scientific and technical expertise from around the world to produce an important source of current knowledge on fire resistant textiles and their use for protection in hostile environments. Part one provides an overview of fire resistant textiles. Chapters discuss burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers, chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy, multi-component flame resistant coating techniques for textiles, care and maintenance of fire resistant textiles, along with the safety, health and environmental aspects of flame retardants. Part two covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens. Part three reviews standards, regulations, and characterization of fire resistant textiles. Part four includes case studies of major applications of fire resistant textiles. The Handbook of fire resistant textiles is an invaluable resource for a broad spectrum of professionals in the textiles and apparel industries, including textile and garment manufacturers, engineers, researchers, designers, developers and buyers. Provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years Discusses burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers and chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy Covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens

Handbook of Plasticizers

Handbook of Plasticizers
Author: George Wypych
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2013-07-01
ISBN: 1455730025
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Plasticizers Book Excerpt:

The second edition of the Handbook of Plasticizers thoroughly reviews information currently available in open literature, such as published scientific papers, information from plasticizer manufacturers, and patent literature. Plasticizers are used in so many products that every library should have this reference source of information on plasticizers readily available for its readers. This book should be used in conjunction with Plasticizer Database, which gives information on the present status and properties of industrial and research plasticizers. The book covers the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of plasticizers, historical and theoretical background, their effects on process conditions, and health, safety, and environmental issues. The most comprehensive reference work available, covering the properties and applications of plasticizers. Combine scientific background with extensive data and practical engineering techniques. Contains information from the most recent sources and updated information

Handbook Of Biomaterials Evaluation

Handbook Of Biomaterials Evaluation
Author: Andreas F von Recum
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 915
Release: 1998-12-18
ISBN: 9781560324799
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook Of Biomaterials Evaluation Book Excerpt:

This handbook addresses the needs of those who are involved in inventing, developing, and testing implants and are concerned about the interactions between biomaterial and body tissue. The authors explore the physical, chemical, mechanical and regulatory considerations of synthetic materials used in surgical and implant procedures, and how these factors impact the latest developments and new approaches. This updated edition provides the biomaterials professional with necessary information on a range of issues, including bulk characterization, surface evaluations, toxicological evaluations, in vitro methods for safety evaluation, methods for evaluating materials in special applications, surgical considerations, systems implantology, soft and hard tissue history, regulatory aspects, and clinical trials.

Compostable Polymer Materials

Compostable Polymer Materials
Author: Ewa Rudnik
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2019-06-04
ISBN: 0080994423
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Compostable Polymer Materials Book Excerpt:

Compostable Polymer Materials, Second Edition, deals with the environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable, or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book covers the entire spectrum of preparation, degradation, and evironmental issues related to compostable polymers. It emphasizes recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxilogical assessment of polymer materials. It descibes the thermal behavior, including flammability properties, of compostable polymers. It also explores possible routes of compostable polymers waste disposal through an ecological lens. Finally, the book examines the economic factors at work, including price evolution over the past decade, the current market, and future perspectives. Compostable Polymer Materials is an essential resource for graduate students and scientists working in chemistry, materials science, ecology, and environmental science. Provides a comprehensive study of the composting process Details methods of compostable polymers preparation, including properties, processing and applications Presents the state-of-the-art knowledge on ecotoxicity testing and biodegradation under real composting conditions of compostable polymers, as well as biodegradation in various environments, such as marine environments and anaerobic conditions Discusses the evolution of waste management in Europe and the United States, as well as the status of MSW disposal and treatment methods in countries such as China and Brazil Overviews biodegradation studies under real composting conditions of products made of compostable polymers, e.g. bags, bottles, cutletry Analyzes evolution of market development, including price of compostable polymers during the last decade

Mass Spectrometry of Polymers

Mass Spectrometry of Polymers
Author: Giorgio Montaudo,Robert P. Lattimer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2001-10-29
ISBN: 1000611515
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass Spectrometry of Polymers Book Excerpt:

Mass Spectrometry (MS) has rapidly become an indispensable tool in polymer analysis, and modern MS today complements in many ways the structural data provided by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Infrared (IR) methods. Recent advances have sparked a growing interest in this field and established a need for a summary of progress made and results