Modern Thermodynamics with Statistical Mechanics

Modern Thermodynamics with Statistical Mechanics
Author: Carl S. Helrich
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2008-11-19
ISBN: 3540854177
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Thermodynamics with Statistical Mechanics Book Excerpt:

Thermodynamics is not the oldest of sciences. Mechanics can make that claim. Thermodynamicsisaproductofsomeofthegreatestscienti?cmindsofthe19thand 20th centuries. But it is suf?ciently established that most authors of new textbooks in thermodynamics ?nd it necessary to justify their writing of yet another textbook. I ?nd this an unnecessary exercise because of the centrality of thermodynamics as a science in physics, chemistry, biology, and medicine. I do acknowledge, however, that instruction in thermodynamics often leaves the student in a confused state. My attempt in this book is to present thermodynamics in as simple and as uni?ed a form as possible. As teachers we identify the failures of our own teachers and attempt to correct them. Although I personally acknowledge with a deep gratitude the appreciation for thermodynamics that I found as an undergraduate, I also realize that my teachers did not convey to me the sweeping grandeur of thermodynamics. Speci?cally the s- plicity and the power that James Clerk Maxwell found in the methods of Gibbs were not part of my undergraduate experience. Unfortunately some modern authors also seem to miss this central theme, choosing instead to introduce the thermodynamic potentials as only useful functions at various points in the development.

Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics
Author: Elias P. Gyftopoulos,Gian Paolo Beretta
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 756
Release: 2005
ISBN: 0486439321
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics Book Excerpt:

Designed by two MIT professors, this authoritative text transcends the limitations and ambiguities of traditional treatments to develop a deep understanding of the fundamentals of thermodynamics and its energy-related applications. Basic concepts and applications are discussed in complete detail, with attention to generality, rigorous definitions, and logical consistency. More than 300 solved problems span a wide range of realistic energy systems and processes.

Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics
Author: William C. Reynolds,Piero Colonna
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018-04-30
ISBN: 1108546730
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics Book Excerpt:

This concise text provides an essential treatment of thermodynamics and a discussion of the basic principles built on an intuitive description of the microscopic behavior of matter. Aimed at a range of courses in mechanical and aerospace engineering, the presentation explains the foundations valid at the macroscopic level in relation to what happens at the microscopic level, relying on intuitive and visual explanations which are presented with engaging cases. With ad hoc, real-word examples related also to current and future renewable energy conversion technologies and two well-known programs used for thermodynamic calculations, FluidProp and StanJan, this text provides students with a rich and engaging learning experience.

Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists
Author: Dennis Sherwood,Paul Dalby
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 928
Release: 2018-05-11
ISBN: 0191085820
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists Book Excerpt:

Thermodynamics is fundamental to university and college curricula in chemistry, physics, engineering and many life sciences around the world. It is also notoriously difficult for students to understand, learn and apply. What makes this book different, and special, is the clarity of the text. The writing style is fluid, natural and lucid, and everything is explained in a logical and transparent manner. Thermodynamics is a deep, and important, branch of science, and this book does not make it "easy". But it does make it intelligible. This book introduces a new, 'Fourth Law' of Thermodynamics' based on the notion of Gibbs free energy, which underpins almost every application of thermodynamics and which the authors claim is worthy of recognition as a 'law'. The last four chapters bring thermodynamics into the twenty-first century, dealing with bioenergetics (how living systems capture and use free energy), macromolecule assembly (how proteins fold), and macromolecular aggregation (how, for example, virus capsids assemble). This is of great current relevance to students of biochemistry, biochemical engineering and pharmacy, and is covered in very few other texts on thermodynamics. The book also contains many novel and effective examples, such as the explanation of why friction is irreversible, the proof of the depression of the freezing point, and the explanation of the biochemical standard state.

An introduction to thermodynamics

An introduction to thermodynamics
Author: Y. V. C. Rao
Publsiher: Universities Press
Total Pages: 479
Release: 2004
ISBN: 9788173714610
Category: Thermodynamics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An introduction to thermodynamics Book Excerpt:

The laws of thermodynamics the science that deals with energy and its transformation have wide applicability in several branches of engineering and science. The revised edition of this introductory text for undergraduate engineering courses covers the physical concepts of thermodynamics and demonstrates the underlying principles through practical situations. The traditional classical (macroscopic) approach is used in this text. Numerous solved examples and more than 550 unsolved problems (included as chapter-end exercises) will help the reader gain confidence for applying the principles of thermodynamics in real-life problems. Sufficient data needed for solving problems have been included in the appendices.

An Introduction to Equilibrium Thermodynamics

An Introduction to Equilibrium Thermodynamics
Author: Bernard Morrill
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN: 148315873X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Equilibrium Thermodynamics Book Excerpt:

An Introduction to Equilibrium Thermodynamics discusses classical thermodynamics and irreversible thermodynamics. It introduces the laws of thermodynamics and the connection between statistical concepts and observable macroscopic properties of a thermodynamic system. Chapter 1 discusses the first law of thermodynamics while Chapters 2 through 4 deal with statistical concepts. The succeeding chapters describe the link between entropy and the reversible heat process concept of entropy; the second law of thermodynamics; Legendre transformations and Jacobian algebra. Finally, Chapter 10 provides an introduction to irreversible thermodynamics. This book will be useful as an introductory text to thermodynamics for engineering students.

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Drug Binding

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Drug Binding
Author: György Keserü,David C. Swinney
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2015-03-09
ISBN: 3527673059
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Drug Binding Book Excerpt:

This practical reference for medicinal and pharmaceutical chemists combines the theoretical background with modern methods as well as applications from recent lead finding and optimization projects. Divided into two parts on the thermodynamics and kinetics of drug-receptor interaction, the text provides the conceptual and methodological basis for characterizing binding mechanisms for drugs and other bioactive molecules. It covers all currently used methods, from experimental approaches, such as ITC or SPR, right up to the latest computational methods. Case studies of real-life lead or drug development projects are also included so readers can apply the methods learned to their own projects. Finally, the benefits of a thorough binding mode analysis for any drug development project are summarized in an outlook chapter written by the editors.

Thermodynamics of Small Systems Parts I II

Thermodynamics of Small Systems  Parts I   II
Author: Terrell L. Hill
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2013-10-17
ISBN: 0486783170
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics of Small Systems Parts I II Book Excerpt:

Authoritative summary introduces basics, explores environmental variables, examines binding on macromolecules and aggregation, and includes brief summaries of electric and magnetic fields, spherical drops and bubbles, and polydisperse systems. 1963 and 1964 editions.

Engineering Thermodynamics 5e

Engineering Thermodynamics  5e
Author: P K Nag
Publsiher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education
Total Pages: 135
Release: 101-01-01
ISBN: 933290099X
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering Thermodynamics 5e Book Excerpt:

Thermodynamics and Ecological Modelling

Thermodynamics and Ecological Modelling
Author: Sven E. Jorgensen
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2000-09-28
ISBN: 9781566702720
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics and Ecological Modelling Book Excerpt:

Thermodynamics is used increasingly in ecology to understand the system properties of ecosystems because it is a basic science that describes energy transformation from a holistic view. In the last decade, many contributions to ecosystem theory based on thermodynamics have been published, therefore an important step toward integrating these theories and encouraging a more wide spread use of them is to present them in one volume. An ecosystem consists of interdependent living organisms that are also interdependent with their environment, all of which are involved in a constant transfer of energy and mass within a general state of equilibrium or dis-equilibrium. Thermodynamics can quantify exactly how "organized" or "disorganized" a system is - an extremely useful to know when trying to understand how a dynamic ecosystem is behaving. A part of the Environmental and Ecological (Math) Modeling series, Thermodynamics and Ecology is a book-length study - the first of its kind - of the current thinking on how an ecosystem can be explained and predicted in terms of its thermodynamical behavior. After the introductory chapters on the fundamentals of thermodynamics, the book explains how thermodynamic theory can be specifically applied to the "measurement" of an ecosystem, including the assessment of its state of entropy and enthalpy. Additionally, it will show economists how to put these theories to use when trying to quantify the movement of goods and services through another type of complex living system - a human society.

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Physical Kinetics

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Physical Kinetics
Author: Halid Bikkin,Igor I. Lyapilin
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2021-08-02
ISBN: 3110727382
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Physical Kinetics Book Excerpt:

This new edition covers contemporary directions of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics as well as classical methods of kinetics. Supplementary material on the non-equilibrium statistical operator (NSO) method for calculating kinetics coefficients describing spintronics is included in this new addition. This book is an easy-to-read text describing the fundamentals of the field.

Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
Author: Robert J. Hardy,Christian Binek
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 536
Release: 2014-06-23
ISBN: 1118501004
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics Book Excerpt:

This textbook brings together the fundamentals of the macroscopic and microscopic aspects of thermal physics by presenting thermodynamics and statistical mechanics as complementary theories based on small numbers of postulates. The book is designed to give the instructor flexibility in structuring courses for advanced undergraduates and/or beginning graduate students and is written on the principle that a good text should also be a good reference. The presentation of thermodynamics follows the logic of Clausius and Kelvin while relating the concepts involved to familiar phenomena and the modern student's knowledge of the atomic nature of matter. Another unique aspect of the book is the treatment of the mathematics involved. The essential mathematical concepts are briefly reviewed before using them, and the similarity of the mathematics to that employed in other fields of physics is emphasized. The text gives in depth treatments of low density gases, harmonic solids, magnetic and dielectric materials, phase transitions, and the concept of entropy. The microcanonical, canonical, and grand canonical ensembles of statistical mechanics are derived and used as the starting point for the analysis of fluctuations, blackbody radiation, the Maxwell distribution, Fermi-Dirac statistics, Bose-Einstein condensation, and the statistical basis of computer simulations. Supplementary material including PowerPoint slides and detailed worked solutions can be downloaded online at http://booksupport.wiley.com

Thermodynamics for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Thermodynamics for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources
Author: Wojciech Stanek
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2017-05-27
ISBN: 3319486497
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources Book Excerpt:

This book examines ways of assessing the rational management of nonrenewable resources. Integrating numerous methods, it systematically exposes the strengths of exergy analysis in resources management. Divided into two parts, the first section provides the theoretical background to assessment methods, while the second section provides practical application examples. The topics covered in detail include the theory of exergy cost and thermo-ecological cost, cumulative calculus and life cycle evaluation. This book serves as a valuable resource for researchers looking to investigate a range of advanced thermodynamic assessments of the influence of production processes on the depletion of nonrenewable resources.

Using Aspen Plus in Thermodynamics Instruction

Using Aspen Plus in Thermodynamics Instruction
Author: Stanley I. Sandler
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2015-04-06
ISBN: 1118996917
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Using Aspen Plus in Thermodynamics Instruction Book Excerpt:

"This book provides the reader with a self-study, step-by-step guide to doing thermodynamic calculations in Aspen Plus (Version 8.x). This is done by providing actual screen shots of the Aspen Plus interface to solve example problems of various types, including vapor-liquid, liquid-liquid, vapor-liquid-liquid and chemical reaction equilibria, and simple applications to liquefaction, distillation and liquid-liquid extraction"--

Thermodynamics and Synchronization in Open Quantum Systems

Thermodynamics and Synchronization in Open Quantum Systems
Author: Gonzalo Manzano Paule
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2018-07-04
ISBN: 3319939645
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics and Synchronization in Open Quantum Systems Book Excerpt:

This book explores some of the connections between dissipative and quantum effects from a theoretical point of view. It focuses on three main topics: the relation between synchronization and quantum correlations, the thermodynamical properties of fluctuations, and the performance of quantum thermal machines. Dissipation effects have a profound impact on the behavior and properties of quantum systems, and the unavoidable interaction with the surrounding environment, with which systems continuously exchange information, energy, angular momentum and matter, is ultimately responsible for decoherence phenomena and the emergence of classical behavior. However, there is a wide intermediate regime in which the interplay between dissipative and quantum effects gives rise to a plethora of rich and striking phenomena that has just started to be understood. In addition, the recent breakthrough techniques in controlling and manipulating quantum systems in the laboratory have made this phenomenology accessible in experiments and potentially applicable.

The Foundations of Mechanics and Thermodynamics

The Foundations of Mechanics and Thermodynamics
Author: W. Noll
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 3642658172
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Foundations of Mechanics and Thermodynamics Book Excerpt:

German scholars, against odds now not only forgotten but also hard to imagine, were striving to revivify the life of the mind which the mental and physical barbarity preached and practised by the -isms and -acies of 1933-1946 had all but eradicated. Thinking that among the disciples of these elders, restorers rather than progressives, I might find a student or two who would wish to master new mathematics but grasp it and use it with the wholeness of earlier times, in 1952 I wrote to Mr. HAMEL, one of the few then remaining mathematicians from the classical mould, to ask him to name some young men fit to study for the doc torate in The Graduate Institute for Applied Mathematics at Indiana University, flourishing at that time though soon to be destroyed by the jealous ambition of the local, stereotyped pure. Having just retired from the Technische Universitat in Charlottenburg, he passed my inquiry on to Mr. SZABO, in whose institute there NOLL was then an assistant. Although Mr.

Applied Thermodynamics for Meteorologists

Applied Thermodynamics for Meteorologists
Author: Sam Miller
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015-06-04
ISBN: 1316300854
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Thermodynamics for Meteorologists Book Excerpt:

This textbook on atmospheric thermodynamics is for students of meteorology or atmospheric science. It also serves as a reference text for working professionals in meteorology and weather forecasting. It is unique because it provides complete, calculus-based derivations of basic physics from first principles, and connects mathematical relationships to real-world, practical weather forecasting applications. Worked examples and practice problems are included throughout.

Galilean Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Continua

Galilean Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Continua
Author: Géry de Saxcé,Claude Valleé
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2016-02-08
ISBN: 1848216424
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Galilean Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Continua Book Excerpt:

This title proposes a unified approach to continuum mechanics which is consistent with Galilean relativity. Based on the notion of affine tensors, a simple generalization of the classical tensors, this approach allows gathering the usual mechanical entities — mass, energy, force, moment, stresses, linear and angular momentum — in a single tensor. Starting with the basic subjects, and continuing through to the most advanced topics, the authors' presentation is progressive, inductive and bottom-up. They begin with the concept of an affine tensor, a natural extension of the classical tensors. The simplest types of affine tensors are the points of an affine space and the affine functions on this space, but there are more complex ones which are relevant for mechanics − torsors and momenta. The essential point is to derive the balance equations of a continuum from a unique principle which claims that these tensors are affine-divergence free.

Thermodynamics of Soil Nutrient Bioavailability

Thermodynamics of Soil Nutrient Bioavailability
Author: Kodoth Prabhakaran Nair
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 88
Release: 2021-08-19
ISBN: 3030768171
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics of Soil Nutrient Bioavailability Book Excerpt:

This book focusses on the thermodynamics of soil nutrient bioavailability, and in particular the most important plant nutrients such as, phosphorus and potassium, among major nutrients, and zinc among micronutrients. It proposes a paradigm shift in the approach to global soil testing procedures. Historically, soil testing has been used to quantify availability of essential plant nutrients to field-grown crops. However, contemporary soil tests are based on philosophies and procedures developed several decades ago, without significant changes in their general approach. For a soil test to be accurate, one needs to clearly understand the physico-chemico-physiological processes at the soil-root interface and, an understanding of soils and plant root systems as polycationic systems is essential. It is this knowledge that leads to sound prescriptive soil nutrient management inasmuch as soil nutrient bioavailability vis-à-vis fertilizer application is concerned, because, of all the factors which govern sustainability in crop production, the nutrient factor is the most important, yet, it is also least resilient to management. This book provides a clear scientific basis of the thermodynamics of soil nutrient bio availability, which routine soil testing does not provide

Molecular Engineering Thermodynamics

Molecular Engineering Thermodynamics
Author: Juan J. de Pablo,Nicholas L. Abbott,Jay D. Schieber
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 501
Release: 2014-07-10
ISBN: 0521765625
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Engineering Thermodynamics Book Excerpt:

Building up gradually from first principles, this unique introduction to modern thermodynamics integrates classical, statistical and molecular approaches and is especially designed to support students studying chemical and biochemical engineering. In addition to covering traditional problems in engineering thermodynamics in the context of biology and materials chemistry, students are also introduced to the thermodynamics of DNA, proteins, polymers and surfaces. It includes over 80 detailed worked examples, covering a broad range of scenarios such as fuel cell efficiency, DNA/protein binding, semiconductor manufacturing and polymer foaming, emphasizing the practical real-world applications of thermodynamic principles; more than 300 carefully tailored homework problems, designed to stretch and extend students' understanding of key topics, accompanied by an online solution manual for instructors; and all the necessary mathematical background, plus resources summarizing commonly used symbols, useful equations of state, microscopic balances for open systems, and links to useful online tools and datasets.