This Republic of Suffering

This Republic of Suffering
Author: Drew Gilpin Faust
Publsiher: Vintage
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2008-01-08
ISBN: 0307268586
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

This Republic of Suffering Book Excerpt:

More than 600,000 soldiers lost their lives in the American Civil War. An equivalent proportion of today's population would be six million. In This Republic of Suffering, Drew Gilpin Faust reveals the ways that death on such a scale changed not only individual lives but the life of the nation, describing how the survivors managed on a practical level and how a deeply religious culture struggled to reconcile the unprecedented carnage with its belief in a benevolent God. Throughout, the voices of soldiers and their families, of statesmen, generals, preachers, poets, surgeons, nurses, northerners and southerners come together to give us a vivid understanding of the Civil War's most fundamental and widely shared reality.

This Republic of Suffering

This Republic of Suffering
Author: Drew Gilpin Faust
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2010-05
ISBN: 9781437971170
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

This Republic of Suffering Book Excerpt:

An illuminating study of the American struggle to comprehend the meaning and practicalities of death in the face of the carnage of the Civil War. During the war, 620,000 soldiers lost their lives; an equivalent proportion of today¿s population would be six million. Explores the impact of this enormous death toll from every angle: material, political, intellectual, and spiritual. Faust describes how a religious culture struggled to reconcile the slaughter with its belief in a benevolent God. Throughout, the voices of soldiers and their families, of statesmen, generals, preachers, poets, surgeons, and nurses, from the north and south, slaveholders and freedpeople are brought together to give us a vivid understanding of the Civil War¿s most widely shared reality. Illus.

Study Guide

Study Guide
Author: Supersummary
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 58
Release: 2019-09-11
ISBN: 9781692374006
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Study Guide Book Excerpt:

SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides for challenging works of literature. This 56-page guide for "This Republic of Suffering" by Drew Gilpin Faust includes detailed chapter summaries and analysis covering 8 chapters, as well as several more in-depth sections of expert-written literary analysis. Featured content includes commentary on major characters, 25 important quotes, essay topics, and key themes like Sacrifice and Ill-preparedness.

Confederate Women and Yankee Men

Confederate Women and Yankee Men
Author: Drew Gilpin Faust
Publsiher: UNC Press Books
Total Pages: 40
Release: 2012-03-15
ISBN: 0807838527
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Confederate Women and Yankee Men Book Excerpt:

When Confederate men marched off to battle, southern women struggled with the new responsibilities of directing farms and plantations, providing for families, and supervising increasingly restive slaves. Drew Gilpin Faust offers a compelling picture of the more than half-million women who belonged to the slaveholding families of the Confederacy during this period of acute crisis, when every part of these women's lives became vexed and uncertain. In this UNC Press Short, excerpted from Mother's of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War, Drew Gilpin Faust explores the legendary hostility of Confederate women toward Yankee soldiers. From daily acts of belligerence to murder and espionage, these women struggled not only with the Yankee enemy in their midst but with the genteel ideal of white womanhood that was at odds with their wartime acts of resistance. UNC Press Civil War Shorts excerpt compelling, shorter narratives from selected best-selling books published by the University of North Carolina Press and present them as engaging, quick reads. Produced exclusively in ebook format, these shorts present essential concepts, defining moments, and concise introductions to topics. They are intended to stir the imagination and encourage further exploration of the original publications from which these works are drawn.

The Creation of Confederate Nationalism

The Creation of Confederate Nationalism
Author: Drew Gilpin Faust
Publsiher: LSU Press
Total Pages: 110
Release: 1989-12-01
ISBN: 9780807116067
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Creation of Confederate Nationalism Book Excerpt:

For decades, historians have debated the meaning and significance of Confederate nationalism and the role it played in the outcome of the Civil War. Yet they have paid little attention to the actual development and content of this Confederate ideology. In The Creation of Confederate Nationalism, Drew Gilpin Faust argues that coming to a fuller understanding of southern thought during the Civil War period offers a valuable refraction of the essential assumptions on which the Old South and the Confederacy were built. She shows the benefits of exploring Confederate nationalism “as the South’s commentary upon itself, as its effort to represent southern culture to the world at large, to history, and perhaps most revealingly, to its own people.”

Keynote Address to the Seventy third Meeting of the University South Caroliniana Society

Keynote Address to the Seventy third Meeting of the University South Caroliniana Society
Author: Drew Gilpin Faust
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 6
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Death
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Keynote Address to the Seventy third Meeting of the University South Caroliniana Society Book Excerpt:

Remarks by Drew Gilpin Faust drawn from research for her book, This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War (published 2008).

Gone to God

Gone to God
Author: Keith Kehlbeck
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2013-01-01
ISBN: 9781935766186
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gone to God Book Excerpt:

Ever since iconic historian Bell I. Wiley broke Civil War literary ground with his The Life of Johnny Reb (published in 1943), the voices of individual soldiers-and by extension, their families and contemporaries-have played an important role in telling the story about America's transformative conflict. The story of the Towles brothers of the 4th Virginia Cavalry-told primarily in their own words-is in that same tradition. More recently, Drew Gilpin Faust, in her acclaimed book, This Republic of Suffering, charted the impact death and dying had on our nation during and after the war. This book is a microcosm of that study, examining how one family dealt with loss and remembrance. Built on unpublished, original source materials, Gone to God: A Civil War Family's Ultimate Sacrifice tells in intimate detail of loss on a personal level, something with which we all can empathize. Because of this, the story of the Towles brothers resonates today, 150 years after their deaths.

The Last and Greatest Battle

The Last and Greatest Battle
Author: John Bateson
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2015-01-02
ISBN: 019939234X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Last and Greatest Battle Book Excerpt:

Nearly every day an active-duty soldier in the United States military resorts to suicide, and nearly every hour a veteran does the same. In recent years the problem of military suicides has reached epidemic proportions, but it's all too easy for most of us to gloss over the headlines or tune out the details. In The Last and Greatest Battle--the first book devoted exclusively to the problem of military suicides--John Bateson brings this neglected crisis into the spotlight. Bateson, the former executive director of a nationally certified suicide prevention center, surveys the history of suicide in the United States military from the Civil War to the present day and outlines a plan to save lives-and ultimately end the tragedy of military suicides. He uses the stories of individual soldiers to illuminate the unique challenges faced by American troops today. Transitioning from the front lines to the home front is difficult for many service members, and many need help both during and after their deployments. But even though the military is spending millions of dollars on suicide prevention programs, record numbers of soldiers continue to take their lives. To that end, Bateson outlines a plan of action. If the military works to remove stigma, to make treatment more effective and more accessible, and to limit risk factors for suicide in the first place by taking measures like reducing the number and length of deployments and adjusting pre-deployment training to take into account the way that wars are waged today, an end to the problem of military suicide is as possible as it is essential.

The Songs that Beckon

The Songs that Beckon
Author: Kristin Parsons Southall
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 25
Release: 2019
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Short stories, American
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Songs that Beckon Book Excerpt:

The Song That Beckons is a historical fiction short story told from the first-person perspective of a Civil War soldier. The story explores the concept of spirit and self, and what that means in the universal terms of life and death. The clues and events that unfold act as guide posts and give historical context as to which time the soldier is in to anchor the story to reality while also exploring metaphysical themes. Death in the Civil War affected the whole nation and had a ripple affect of grief, thousands of people mourned together to cope with the significant loss. The soldier also must come to terms with his own loss and learn how to grieve and move on. The Song That Beckons was inspired by This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War by Drew Gilpin Faust and Ghosts of Future Past Spiritualism and the Cultural Politics of the Nineteenth-Century America by Molly McGarry, these two texts provided insight into the impact of death and the Civil War and how spiritualism took hold in response.

The War That Forged a Nation

The War That Forged a Nation
Author: James M. McPherson
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2015-02-12
ISBN: 019937578X
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The War That Forged a Nation Book Excerpt:

More than 140 years ago, Mark Twain observed that the Civil War had "uprooted institutions that were centuries old, changed the politics of a people, transformed the social life of half the country, and wrought so profoundly upon the entire national character that the influence cannot be measured short of two or three generations." In fact, five generations have passed, and Americans are still trying to measure the influence of the immense fratricidal conflict that nearly tore the nation apart. In The War that Forged a Nation, Pulitzer Prize-winning historian James M. McPherson considers why the Civil War remains so deeply embedded in our national psyche and identity. The drama and tragedy of the war, from its scope and size--an estimated death toll of 750,000, far more than the rest of the country's wars combined--to the nearly mythical individuals involved--Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson--help explain why the Civil War remains a topic of interest. But the legacy of the war extends far beyond historical interest or scholarly attention. Here, McPherson draws upon his work over the past fifty years to illuminate the war's continuing resonance across many dimensions of American life. Touching upon themes that include the war's causes and consequences; the naval war; slavery and its abolition; and Lincoln as commander in chief, McPherson ultimately proves the impossibility of understanding the issues of our own time unless we first understand their roots in the era of the Civil War. From racial inequality and conflict between the North and South to questions of state sovereignty or the role of government in social change--these issues, McPherson shows, are as salient and controversial today as they were in the 1860s. Thoughtful, provocative, and authoritative, The War that Forged a Nation looks anew at the reasons America's civil war has remained a subject of intense interest for the past century and a half, and affirms the enduring relevance of the conflict for America today.

The Republic of Imagination

The Republic of Imagination
Author: Azar Nafisi
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2014-10-21
ISBN: 0698170334
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Republic of Imagination Book Excerpt:

A New York Times bestseller The author of the beloved #1 New York Times bestseller Reading Lolita in Tehran returns with the next chapter of her life in books—a passionate and deeply moving hymn to America Ten years ago, Azar Nafisi electrified readers with her multimillion-copy bestseller Reading Lolita in Tehran, which told the story of how, against the backdrop of morality squads and executions, she taught The Great Gatsby and other classics of English and American literature to her eager students in Iran. In this electrifying follow-up, she argues that fiction is just as threatened—and just as invaluable—in America today. Blending memoir and polemic with close readings of her favorite novels, she describes the unexpected journey that led her to become an American citizen after first dreaming of America as a young girl in Tehran and coming to know the country through its fiction. She urges us to rediscover the America of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and challenges us to be truer to the words and spirit of the Founding Fathers, who understood that their democratic experiment would never thrive or survive unless they could foster a democratic imagination. Nafisi invites committed readers everywhere to join her as citizens of what she calls the Republic of Imagination, a country with no borders and few restrictions, where the only passport to entry is a free mind and a willingness to dream.

The Republic of Nature

The Republic of Nature
Author: Mark Fiege
Publsiher: University of Washington Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2012-03-20
ISBN: 0295804149
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Republic of Nature Book Excerpt:

In the dramatic narratives that comprise The Republic of Nature, Mark Fiege reframes the canonical account of American history based on the simple but radical premise that nothing in the nation's past can be considered apart from the natural circumstances in which it occurred. Revisiting historical icons so familiar that schoolchildren learn to take them for granted, he makes surprising connections that enable readers to see old stories in a new light. Among the historical moments revisited here, a revolutionary nation arises from its environment and struggles to reconcile the diversity of its people with the claim that nature is the source of liberty. Abraham Lincoln, an unlettered citizen from the countryside, steers the Union through a moment of extreme peril, guided by his clear-eyed vision of nature's capacity for improvement. In Topeka, Kansas, transformations of land and life prompt a lawsuit that culminates in the momentous civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education. By focusing on materials and processes intrinsic to all things and by highlighting the nature of the United States, Fiege recovers the forgotten and overlooked ground on which so much history has unfolded. In these pages, the nation's birth and development, pain and sorrow, ideals and enduring promise come to life as never before, making a once-familiar past seem new. The Republic of Nature points to a startlingly different version of history that calls on readers to reconnect with fundamental forces that shaped the American experience. For more information, visit the author's website: http://republicofnature.com/

U S War Culture Sacrifice and Salvation

U S  War Culture  Sacrifice and Salvation
Author: Kelly Denton-Borhaug
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 269
Release: 2014-10-20
ISBN: 1317545214
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

U S War Culture Sacrifice and Salvation Book Excerpt:

The military-industrial complex in the United States has grown exponentially in recent decades, yet the realities of war remain invisible to most Americans. The U.S has created a culture in which sacrificial rhetoric is the norm when dealing in war. This culture has been enabled because popular American Christian understandings of redemption rely so heavily on the sacrificial. 'U.S War-Culture, Sacrifice and Salvation' explores how the concept of Christian redemption has been manipulated to create a mentality of "necessary sacrifice". The study reveals the links between Christian notions of salvation and sacrifice and the aims of the military-industrial complex.

The Republic for Which It Stands

The Republic for Which It Stands
Author: Richard White
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 912
Release: 2017-08-04
ISBN: 0190619066
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Republic for Which It Stands Book Excerpt:

The Oxford History of the United States is the most respected multivolume history of the American nation. In the newest volume in the series, The Republic for Which It Stands, acclaimed historian Richard White offers a fresh and integrated interpretation of Reconstruction and the Gilded Age as the seedbed of modern America. At the end of the Civil War the leaders and citizens of the victorious North envisioned the country's future as a free-labor republic, with a homogenous citizenry, both black and white. The South and West were to be reconstructed in the image of the North. Thirty years later Americans occupied an unimagined world. The unity that the Civil War supposedly secured had proved ephemeral. The country was larger, richer, and more extensive, but also more diverse. Life spans were shorter, and physical well-being had diminished, due to disease and hazardous working conditions. Independent producers had become wage earners. The country was Catholic and Jewish as well as Protestant, and increasingly urban and industrial. The "dangerous" classes of the very rich and poor expanded, and deep differences -- ethnic, racial, religious, economic, and political -- divided society. The corruption that gave the Gilded Age its name was pervasive. These challenges also brought vigorous efforts to secure economic, moral, and cultural reforms. Real change -- technological, cultural, and political -- proliferated from below more than emerging from political leadership. Americans, mining their own traditions and borrowing ideas, produced creative possibilities for overcoming the crises that threatened their country. In a work as dramatic and colorful as the era it covers, White narrates the conflicts and paradoxes of these decades of disorienting change and mounting unrest, out of which emerged a modern nation whose characteristics resonate with the present day.

For Liberty and the Republic

For Liberty and the Republic
Author: Ricardo A. Herrera
Publsiher: NYU Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2015-04-17
ISBN: 1479819948
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

For Liberty and the Republic Book Excerpt:

In the early decades of the American Republic, American soldiers demonstrated and defined their beliefs about the nature of American republicanism and how they, as citizens and soldiers, were participants in the republican experiment through their service. In For Liberty and the Republic, Ricardo A. Herrera examines the relationship between soldier and citizen from the War of Independence through the first year of the Civil War. The work analyzes an idealized republican ideology as a component of soldiering in both peace and war. Herrera argues that American soldiers’ belief system—the military ethos of republicanism—drew from the larger body of American political thought. This ethos illustrated and informed soldiers’ faith in an inseparable connection between bearing arms on behalf of the republic, and earning and holding citizenship in it. Despite the undeniable existence of customs, organizations, and behaviors that were uniquely military, the officers and enlisted men of the regular army, states’ militias, and wartime volunteers were the products of their society, and they imparted what they understood as important elements of American thought into their service. Drawing from military and personal correspondence, journals, orderly books, militia constitutions, and other documents in over forty archives in twenty-three states, Herrera maps five broad, interrelated, and mutually reinforcing threads of thought constituting soldiers’ beliefs: Virtue; Legitimacy; Self-governance; Glory, Honor, and Fame; and the National Mission. Spanning periods of war and peace, these five themes constituted a coherent and long-lived body of ideas that informed American soldiers’ sense of identity for generations.

Learning from the Wounded

Learning from the Wounded
Author: Shauna Devine
Publsiher: UNC Press Books
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2014-03-17
ISBN: 1469611562
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Learning from the Wounded Book Excerpt:

Nearly two-thirds of the Civil War's approximately 750,000 fatalities were caused by disease--a staggering fact for which the American medical profession was profoundly unprepared. In the years before the war, training for physicians in the United States was mostly unregulated, and medical schools' access to cadavers for teaching purposes was highly restricted. Shauna Devine argues that in spite of these limitations, Union army physicians rose to the challenges of the war, undertaking methods of study and experimentation that would have a lasting influence on the scientific practice of medicine. Though the war's human toll was tragic, conducting postmortems on the dead and caring for the wounded gave physicians ample opportunity to study and develop new methods of treatment and analysis, from dissection and microscopy to new research into infectious disease processes. Examining the work of doctors who served in the Union Medical Department, Devine sheds new light on how their innovations in the midst of crisis transformed northern medical education and gave rise to the healing power of modern health science.

All for the Union

All for the Union
Author: John A. Simpson
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2022-04-01
ISBN: 0811770885
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

All for the Union Book Excerpt:

When the South bombarded Fort Sumter in April 1861, the Ellithorpe family in rural New York answered President Lincoln’s call to defend the Union. For the next four years, the two Ellithorpe brothers and two of their brothers-in-law fought in some of the Civil War’s most storied regiments, on nearly every major battlefield in the East. In this utterly unique Civil War history/biography, John A. Simpson reconstructs the intertwined lives and wars of four Union soldiers, from Bull Run to Gettysburg and beyond. When the Civil War broke out, Phillip Ellithorpe, Philander Ellithorpe, Asa Burleson, and Oliver Moore did not hesitate to volunteer to fight for the Union. Their service would encompass virtually every branch of the Northern army: infantry (including sharpshooters), cavalry (mounted and dismounted), and artillery as well as commissary, engineering, and ambulance duty. They would serve in six different regiments: the 13th Pennsylvania Reserves (the legendary Bucktails); the 27th New York Infantry (the Union Regiment); the 2nd New York Mounted Rifles; the 5th Vermont Infantry; the 1st New York Dragoons; and the 1st Minnesota, which gained immortality at Gettysburg. They would participate in the major battles of the war’s Eastern theater: First Bull Run, the Peninsula, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Grant’s Overland campaign through Petersburg. Phillip would die at Gettysburg, and the other three would return home and live under the shadow of the Civil War for the rest of their lives. All for the Union tells the dramatic story of these four soldiers, weaving their lives and wars into a tapestry of how one family navigated home front and battle front during the Civil War. Based on 180 family letters, voluminous primary and second sources, and visits to homes and battlefields from Allegany County, New York, to Richmond, Virginia, All for the Union is a remarkable contribution to Civil War history.

Marching Home Union Veterans and Their Unending Civil War

Marching Home  Union Veterans and Their Unending Civil War
Author: Brian Matthew Jordan
Publsiher: W. W. Norton & Company
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2015-01-26
ISBN: 0871407825
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marching Home Union Veterans and Their Unending Civil War Book Excerpt:

Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in History Winner of the Gov. John Andrew Award (Union Club of Boston) An acclaimed, groundbreaking, and “powerful exploration” (Washington Post) of the fate of Union veterans, who won the war but couldn’t bear the peace. For well over a century, traditional Civil War histories have concluded in 1865, with a bitterly won peace and Union soldiers returning triumphantly home. In a landmark work that challenges sterilized portraits accepted for generations, Civil War historian Brian Matthew Jordan creates an entirely new narrative. These veterans— tending rotting wounds, battling alcoholism, campaigning for paltry pensions— tragically realized that they stood as unwelcome reminders to a new America eager to heal, forget, and embrace the freewheeling bounty of the Gilded Age. Mining previously untapped archives, Jordan uncovers anguished letters and diaries, essays by amputees, and gruesome medical reports, all deeply revealing of the American psyche. In the model of twenty-first-century histories like Drew Gilpin Faust’s This Republic of Suffering or Maya Jasanoff ’s Liberty’s Exiles that illuminate the plight of the common man, Marching Home makes almost unbearably personal the rage and regret of Union veterans. Their untold stories are critically relevant today.

Ransoming Mathew Brady

Ransoming Mathew Brady
Author: John Phillips,Alan Trachtenberg
Publsiher: Hudson Hills Press
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2010
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ransoming Mathew Brady Book Excerpt:

In a series of oils, watercolours, and prose full of wit and wisdom and rich with historical allusion, John Ransom Phillips portrays the complexity of nineteenth-century photographer, Mathew Brady. The photographs Brady made have long served to illustrate an era in American history, most notably his portraits of Abraham Lincoln and the images from the Civil War battlefields he captured. Pairing these photographs with his own work, Phillips explores the career of this artist who wanted to make history: An ambitious half-blind man with blue-tinted glasses, straw hat and duster who had the genius to look beyond his thriving New York portrait studio to the battles of the Civil War and was one of the first photographers to shoot in the open air. Paradoxically, Brady sent assistants to photograph his most famous scenes, the battlefields at Gettysburg, Vicksburg, and Antietam, instructing them to re-arrange the dead to create images that would enhance public notions about death and dying. AUTHOR: John Ransom Phillips is an artist and author whose work has been exhibited internationally at the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Washington, D.C., and the David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art in Chicago; Museo de Arte Moderne in Buenos Aires; the Fundacao de Arte e Cultural de Ubatuba in Sao Paolo, and Zamalek Gallery, Cairo. He holds a PhD from the University of Chicago and has been a faculty member of the University of California at Berkeley and the University of Chicago. Alan Trachtenberg is The Neil Gray, Jr. Professor Emeritus of English and American Studies at Yale University, and the author of 'Reading American Photographs: Images as History, Mathew Brady to Walker Evans'(1989). 266 colour & 17 b/w illustrations

A Holy Baptism of Fire and Blood

A Holy Baptism of Fire and Blood
Author: James P. Byrd
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2021-01-19
ISBN: 0190902809
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Holy Baptism of Fire and Blood Book Excerpt:

In his Second Inaugural Address, delivered as the nation was in the throes of the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln proclaimed that both sides "read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes His aid against the other." He wasn't speaking metaphorically: the Bible was frequently wielded as a weapon in support of both North and South. As James P. Byrd reveals in this insightful narrative, no book was more important to the Civil War than the Bible. From Massachusetts to Mississippi and beyond, the Bible was the nation's most read and respected book. It presented a drama of salvation and damnation, of providence and judgment, of sacred history and sacrifice. When Americans argued over the issues that divided them -- slavery, secession, patriotism, authority, white supremacy, and violence -- the Bible was the book they most often invoked. Soldiers fought the Civil War with Bibles in hand, and both sides called the war just and sacred. In scripture, both Union and Confederate soldiers found inspiration for dying-and for killing-on a scale never before seen in the nation's history. With approximately 750,000 fatalities, the Civil War was the deadliest of the nation's wars, leading many to turn to the Bible not just to fight but to deal with its inevitable trauma. A fascinating overview of religious and military conflict, A Holy Baptism of Fire and Blood draws on an astonishing array of sources to demonstrate the many ways that Americans enlisted the Bible in the nation's bloodiest, and arguably most biblically-saturated conflict.