Threats to the Arctic

Threats to the Arctic
Author: Scott Elias
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 604
Release: 2021-06-18
ISBN: 0128232293
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Threats to the Arctic Book Excerpt:

Threats to the Arctic discusses all the current threats to this fragile region, emphasizing the interconnections between many environmental impacts, as well as the teleconnections between events already emerging in the Arctic (ocean circulation changes, melting of sea ice, glaciers and ice sheets) and other parts of the world. The book's aim is to inform readers about the impending, sometimes irreversible changes coming to the Arctic. University students, environmental engineers, policymakers and sociologists with an interest in the role of the Arctic in global change will benefit from the book's unique perspective. As this remote, inhospitable part of the world that few people will ever visit provides amazing insights, we can no longer have an 'out of sight – out of mind’ approach to the environmental upheavals taking place in the Arctic. Provides the most up-to-date information on this rapidly changing, critical part of the world Offers a holistic understanding of the interconnections between global environmental changes and impacts in the Arctic Examines fact-based pressure on politics and industry to preserve Arctic biota and environments

Radioactive and Other Environmental Threats to the United States and the Arctic Resulting from Past Soviet Activities

Radioactive and Other Environmental Threats to the United States and the Arctic Resulting from Past Soviet Activities
Author: United States,United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Intelligence
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 614
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Environmental monitoring
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive and Other Environmental Threats to the United States and the Arctic Resulting from Past Soviet Activities Book Excerpt:

Cybersecurity and Resilience in the Arctic

Cybersecurity and Resilience in the Arctic
Author: B.D. Trump,K. Hossain,I. Linkov
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2020-07-24
ISBN: 1643680773
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cybersecurity and Resilience in the Arctic Book Excerpt:

Until recently, the Arctic was almost impossible for anyone other than indigenous peoples and explorers to traverse. Pervasive Arctic sea ice and harsh climatological conditions meant that the region was deemed incapable of supporting industrial activity or a Western lifestyle. In the last decade, however, that longstanding reality has been dramatically and permanently altered. Receding sea ice, coupled with growing geopolitical disputes over Arctic resources, territory, and transportation channels, has stimulated efforts to exploit newly-open waterways, to identify and extract desirable resources, and to leverage industrial, commercial, and transportation opportunities emerging throughout the region. This book presents papers from the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) Governance for Cyber Security and Resilience in the Arctic. Held in Rovaniemi, Finland, from 27-30 January 2019, the workshop brought together top scholars in cybersecurity risk assessment, governance, and resilience to discuss potential analytical and governing strategies and offer perspectives on how to improve critical Arctic infrastructure against various human and natural threats. The book is organized in three sections according to topical group and plenary discussions at the meeting on: cybersecurity infrastructure and threats, analytical strategies for infrastructure threat absorption and resilience, and legal frameworks and governance options to promote cyber resilience. Summaries and detailed analysis are included within each section as summary chapters in the book. The book provides a background on analytical tools relevant to risk and resilience analytics, including risk assessment, decision analysis, supply chain management and resilience analytics. It will allow government, native and civil society groups, military stakeholders, and civilian practitioners to understand better on how to enhance the Arctic’s resilience against various natural and anthropogenic challenges.

Arctic Environmental Problems

Arctic Environmental Problems
Author: Lassi Leininen
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 121
Release: 1990
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Environmental protection
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Arctic Environmental Problems Book Excerpt:

Volume of papers is one of five reports from the TAPRI Arctic workshop "Alternative security and development in the Arctic regions". Considers environmental threats in the Arctic including military presence, and exploitation of oil and gas reserves. Also considers prospects and possibilities for Arctic environmental cooperation.

Security and Technology in Arctic Governance

Security and Technology in Arctic Governance
Author: Stefan Kirchner
Publsiher: LIT Verlag Münster
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2022-08
ISBN: 3643914814
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Security and Technology in Arctic Governance Book Excerpt:

Because the impact of climate change is felt acutely in the Arctic, this region has gained increasing global attention in recent years. Since the last days of the Cold War, a particular system of international governance that includes local stakeholders, in particular indigenous peoples, and that transcends political divisions, has been created among the Arctic states. In Security and Technology in Arctic Governance, researchers from different disciplines investigate current and emerging challenges for the governance of the Arctic that are connected to security concerns and the use of modern technology.

Polar Exposure

Polar Exposure
Author: Katherine Angelo Hanly,Swiss Coalition for the Protection of Whales,Global Survival Network
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 24
Release: 1997
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polar Exposure Book Excerpt:

Arctic Bulletin

Arctic Bulletin
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1975
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Arctic regions
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Arctic Bulletin Book Excerpt:

One issue each year devoted to the annual report.

The Arctic

The Arctic
Author: Klaus Dodds,Mark Nuttall
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2019-05-23
ISBN: 0190649836
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Arctic Book Excerpt:

Conversations defining the Arctic region often provoke debate and controversy -- for scientists, this lies in the imprecise and imaginary line known as the Arctic Circle; for countries like Canada, Russia, the United States, and Denmark, such discussions are based in competition for land and resources; for indigenous communities, those discussions are also rooted in issues of rights. These shifting lines are only made murkier by the threat of global climate change. In the Arctic Ocean, the consequences of Earth's warming trend are most immediately observable in the multi-year and perennial ice that has begun to melt, which threatens ice-dependent microorganisms and, eventually, will disrupt all of Arctic life and raise sea levels globally. In The Arctic: What Everyone Needs to Know®, Klaus Dodds and Mark Nuttall offer concise answers to the myriad questions that arise when looking at the circumpolar North. They focus on its peoples, politics, environment, resource development, and conservation to provide critical information about how changes there can, and will, affect our entire globe and all of its inhabitants. Dodds and Nuttall explore how the Arctic's importance has grown over time, the region's role during the Cold War, indigenous communities and their history, and the past and future of the Arctic's governance, among other crucial topics.

National Security and International Environmental Cooperation in the Arctic the Case of the Northern Sea Route

National Security and International Environmental Cooperation in the Arctic     the Case of the Northern Sea Route
Author: Willy Østreng
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 369
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401147604
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

National Security and International Environmental Cooperation in the Arctic the Case of the Northern Sea Route Book Excerpt:

The basic objective of this report is to place the debate about the future of the Northern Sea Route into the larger picture of Arctic politics and the emerging agenda of the Arctic as a developing region in international society. National security and international environmental cooperation, are the objects of study employed, both separately and in various conceptual combinations, to realize this purpose. To help me in this, I was privileged to draw on the profound expertise of my highly esteemed co-authors, Professor Franklyn Griffiths at the University of Toronto and Senior Researchers at IMEMO in Moscow: Raphael Vartanov, Alexei Roginko and Alexander Kolossov. To their cooperative spirit, friendship and solid contributions to this report, ( am deeply indebted. The report is the result of multiple contributions, both in terms of substance and funding, extending far beyond the inputs of the team of authors. The professional input and thorough work 'behind the scene' done by Liv Astrid Sverdrup, Researcher at FNI at an early stage of the project, has been invaluable. Senior Consultant Kjell Moe at the Norwegian Polar Institute also provided valuable comments and improvements to the biological parts of the Introductory chapter, whilst Senior Consultant Ann Skarstad at FNI, worked wonders with the language for those of us not having English as our mother tongue. Claes Lykke Ragner, Deputy head of the (NSROP secretariat, and Dr.

Northern Lights Against POPs

Northern Lights Against POPs
Author: Inuit Circumpolar Conference
Publsiher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2003
ISBN: 9780773524828
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Northern Lights Against POPs Book Excerpt:

Representatives of 111 nations gathered in Stockholm in May 2001 to sign a legally binding convention to eliminate or reduce emissions of pesticides, insecticides, and other industrial combustion by-products. Long-range transport by air and water carries many of these pollutants to the circumpolar north, where they threaten the health and cultural survival of Inuit and other northern Indigenous peoples.Northern Lights Against POPs tells the many-faceted scientific, policy, legal, and advocacy story that led to the Stockholm convention. Unique in its perspective, scope, and breadth, it reveals the key links among environmental and health science, international politics, advocacy, law, and global negotiations. Never before have public health concerns articulated by northern Indigenous peoples in Canada and throughout the circumpolar Arctic had such a direct impact on global policy-making. Authors show how research on POPs (persistent organic pollutants) in the Arctic from the mid-1980s influenced international negotiations and analyze the potential for the convention to be effective. Contributors include elected representatives, researchers, civil servants, Indigenous people who participated in the negotiations, and scientists who provided the compelling Arctic data that prompted the United Nations Environment Programme to sponsor negotiations. Contributors include David Anderson (Minister of the Environment, Canada); Nigel Bankes (University of Calgary); John Buccini (Consultant, former chair of the Global POPs Negotiations); Sheila Watt-Cloutier (Inuit Circumpolar Conference-Canada); Barry Commoner, Paul Woods Bartlett, Holger Eisl, Kimberly Couchot (Center for the Biology of Natural Systems, Queens College, City University of New York); Eric Dewailly (Laval University); David Downie (Director of Educational Partnerships, Columbia Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York); Terry Fenge (Inuit Circumpolar Conference-Canada); Henry Huntington (Consultant, Anchorage) and Michelle Sparck (Circumpolar Conservation Union, Washington, D.C.); Harriet Kuhnlein, Laurie Chan (Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment, McGill University), and Olivier Receveur (formerly Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment, McGill University); Lars-Otto Reiersen (Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme Secretariat, Oslo); Henrik Selin (Massachusetts Institute of Technology); David Stone, Russell Shearer (Northern Contaminants Program, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Canada); Klaus Topfer (Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme).

Arctic Research of the United States

Arctic Research of the United States
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1995
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Arctic regions
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Arctic Research of the United States Book Excerpt:

Understanding and Responding to Global Health Security Risks from Microbial Threats in the Arctic

Understanding and Responding to Global Health Security Risks from Microbial Threats in the Arctic
Author: European Academies Science Advisory Council,InterAcademy Partnership,National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Global Health,Board on Life Sciences,Polar Research Board
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 96
Release: 2020-10-30
ISBN: 0309681251
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding and Responding to Global Health Security Risks from Microbial Threats in the Arctic Book Excerpt:

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in collaboration with the InterAcademy Partnership and the European Academies Science Advisory Committee held a workshop in November 2019 to bring together researchers and public health officials from different countries and across several relevant disciplines to explore what is known, and what critical knowledge gaps remain, regarding existing and possible future risks of harmful infectious agents emerging from thawing permafrost and melting ice in the Arctic region. The workshop examined case studies such as the specific case of Arctic region anthrax outbreaks, as a known, observed risk as well as other types of human and animal microbial health risks that have been discovered in snow, ice, or permafrost environments, or that could conceivably exist. The workshop primarily addressed two sources of emerging infectious diseases in the arctic: (1) new diseases likely to emerge in the Arctic as a result of climate change (such as vector-borne diseases) and (2) ancient and endemic diseases likely to emerge in the Arctic specifically as a result of permafrost thaw. Participants also considered key research that could advance knowledge including critical tools for improving observations, and surveillance to advance understanding of these risks, and to facilitate and implement effective early warning systems. Lessons learned from efforts to address emerging or re-emerging microbial threats elsewhere in the world were also discussed. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshop.

International Disputes and Cultural Ideas in the Canadian Arctic

International Disputes and Cultural Ideas in the Canadian Arctic
Author: Danita Catherine Burke
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2017-08-22
ISBN: 3319619179
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Disputes and Cultural Ideas in the Canadian Arctic Book Excerpt:

This book explores the Canadian relationship with its portion of the Arctic region which revolves around the dramatic split between the appearance of absent-minded governance, bordering on indifference toward the region, and the raging nationalism during moments of actual and perceived challenge toward the sovereignty of the imagined “Canadian Arctic region.” Canada’s nationalistic relationship with the Arctic region is often discussed as a reactionary phenomenon to the Americanization of Canada and the product of government propaganda. As this book illustrates, however, the complexity and evolution of the Canadian relationship with the Arctic region and its implication for Canada’s approach toward international relations requires a more in-depth exploration Please be aware than an error has been noted for Table 1.1 on page 71. In this table the sub-category “Inuit” is mislabelled. It should read “Native Indians and Inuit” as the data presented represents this Canadian census sub-category which calculated all indigenous peoples and Inuit peoples together.

Geoecological and Geopolitical Risks for the Oil and Gas Industry in the Arctic

Geoecological and Geopolitical Risks for the Oil and Gas Industry in the Arctic
Author: Vladimir N. Bashkin,Olga Р. Trubitsina
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2022-06-01
ISBN: 3030959104
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geoecological and Geopolitical Risks for the Oil and Gas Industry in the Arctic Book Excerpt:

This book discusses issues of geoecological (GER) and geopolitical (GPR) risks due to hydrocarbon development of the Arctic. The authors explain the ethical and philosophical foundations of understanding environmental equity and justice in relation to the development of Arctic natural resources and consider various approaches to the moral aspects of making global management decisions in the field of environmental protection and environmental safety. Special attention is paid to analysis of modern geopolitical and geostrategic challenges to the development of the Arctic region. The monograph identifies the key geopolitical factors affecting the sustainable development of the Arctic and analyzes the similarities and differences in the geostrategic positions of the five Arctic states. The authors reveal the need to consider geopolitical challenges in the process of GER analysis for oil and gas development in the Arctic region. The book explores the intersection of the strategic interests for a number of states and describes Russia's inability to ensure environmental safety in the development of Arctic deposits. The book analyzes in detail each type of GER with an emphasis on their potential to lead to additional opportunities and threats, and assesses environmental rating as an indicator of the GER management process of Russian oil and gas companies operating in the Arctic. Although the main focus is on the Russian part of this region, many arguments and conclusions are quite applicable to the entire Arctic region. The consideration of geoecological and geopolitical aspects of the development of Arctic resources with the example of Russian oil and gas companies sheds light on the entire Arctic region, taking into account the interests of all other national and international companies involved in GER and GPR there.

The Law of the Sea and Polar Maritime Delimitation and Jurisdiction

The Law of the Sea and Polar Maritime Delimitation and Jurisdiction
Author: Alex G. Oude Elferink,Donald R. Rothwell
Publsiher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2001-10-17
ISBN: 9789041116482
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Law of the Sea and Polar Maritime Delimitation and Jurisdiction Book Excerpt:

The climate and other characteristics of the polar regions have been major factors in shaping the legal regime applicable to the polar oceans. In Antarctica, states have had to grapple with the question of how to account for developments in the Law of the Sea, while preserving the compromise over sovereignty contained in the Antarctic Treaty. The Arctic also has presented challenges for the Law of the Sea, as illustrated by the continued attention given to special rules for polar shipping. The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea has led to substantial agreement on the legal regime of ocean spaces. The present volume explores the impact the Convention has had on the polar regions in this respect, including after its entry into force in 1994. To this end, it looks at a number of issue areas in the field of maritime delimitation (baselines, maritime zones, delimitation of maritime zones betweenm neighboring states) and jursidiction (environmental protection, navigation and fisheries) from a bipolar perspective. It is strongly suggested that the legal regime of the polar oceans will be further elaborated to more effectively deal with existing activities or to accommodate new activities. It is likely that the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea will continue to provide the basic legal framework for this exercise and that states will be careful not to unravel the delicate balance contained in it.

EPA Journal

EPA Journal
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1990
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Environmental protection
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

EPA Journal Book Excerpt:

The End of Grand Strategy

The End of Grand Strategy
Author: Simon Reich,Peter Dombrowski
Publsiher: Cornell University Press
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2018-01-15
ISBN: 1501714643
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The End of Grand Strategy Book Excerpt:

In The End of Grand Strategy, Simon Reich and Peter Dombrowski challenge the common view of grand strategy as unitary. They eschew prescription of any one specific approach, chosen from a spectrum that stretches from global primacy to restraint and isolationism, in favor of describing what America’s military actually does, day to day. They argue that a series of fundamental recent changes in the global system, the inevitable jostling of bureaucratic politics, and the practical limitations of field operations combine to ensure that each presidential administration inevitably resorts to a variety of strategies. Proponents of different American grand strategies have historically focused on the pivotal role of the Navy. In response, Reich and Dombrowski examine six major maritime operations, each of which reflects one major strategy. One size does not fit all, say the authors—the attempt to impose a single overarching blueprint is no longer feasible. Reich and Dombrowski declare that grand strategy, as we know it, is dead. The End of Grand Strategy is essential reading for policymakers, military strategists, and analysts and critics at advocacy groups and think tanks.

Report to Senior Arctic Affairs Officials of the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy

Report to Senior Arctic Affairs Officials of the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy
Author: Program for the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 36
Release: 1997
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Ecology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Report to Senior Arctic Affairs Officials of the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy Book Excerpt:

Canada and the Changing Arctic

Canada and the Changing Arctic
Author: Franklyn Griffiths,Rob Huebert,P. Whitney Lackenbauer
Publsiher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2011-11-01
ISBN: 1554584132
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Canada and the Changing Arctic Book Excerpt:

Global warming has had a dramatic impact on the Arctic environment, including the ice melt that has opened previously ice-covered waterways. State and non-state actors who look to the region and its resources with varied agendas have started to pay attention. Do new geopolitical dynamics point to a competitive and inherently conflictual “race for resources”? Or will the Arctic become a region governed by mutual benefit, international law, and the achievement of a widening array of cooperative arrangements among interested states and Indigenous peoples? As an Arctic nation Canada is not immune to the consequences of these transformations. In Canada and the Changing Arctic: Sovereignty, Security, and Stewardship, the authors, all leading commentators on Arctic affairs, grapple with fundamental questions about how Canada should craft a responsible and effective Northern strategy. They outline diverse paths to achieving sovereignty, security, and stewardship in Canada’s Arctic and in the broader circumpolar world. The changing Arctic region presents Canadians with daunting challenges and tremendous opportunities. This book will inspire continued debate on what Canada must do to protect its interests, project its values, and play a leadership role in the twenty-first-century Arctic. Forewords by Senator Hugh Segal and former Minister of Foreign Affairs and of National Defence Bill Graham.

The North American Arctic

The North American Arctic
Author: Dwayne Ryan Menezes,Heather N. Nicol
Publsiher: UCL Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2019-11-04
ISBN: 1787356620
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The North American Arctic Book Excerpt:

The North American Arctic addresses the emergence of a new security relationship within the North American North. It focuses on current and emerging security issues that confront the North American Arctic and that shape relationships between and with neighbouring states (Alaska in the US; Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut in Canada; Greenland and Russia). Identifying the degree to which ‘domain awareness’ has redefined the traditional military focus, while a new human rights discourse undercuts traditional ways of managing sovereignty and territory, the volume’s contributors question normative security arrangements. Although security itself is not an obsolete concept, our understanding of what constitutes real human-centred security has become outdated. The contributors argue that there are new regionally specific threats originating from a wide range of events and possibilities, and very different subjectivities that can be brought to understand the shape of Arctic security and security relationships in the twenty-first century.