Towards A New Cognitive Neuroscience Modeling Natural Brain Dynamics

Author by : Klaus Gramann
Languange : en
Publisher by : Frontiers E-books
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Description : Decades of brain imaging experiments have revealed important insights into the architecture of the human brain and the detailed anatomic basis for the neural dynamics supporting human cognition. However, technical restrictions of traditional brain imaging approaches including functional magnetic resonance tomography (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetoencephalography (MEG) severely limit participants’ movements during experiments. As a consequence, our knowledge of the neural basis of human cognition is rooted in a dissociation of human cognition from what is arguably its foremost, and certainly its evolutionarily most determinant function, organizing our behavior so as to optimize its consequences in our complex, multi-scale, and ever-changing environment. The concept of natural cognition, therefore, should not be separated from our fundamental experience and role as embodied agents acting in a complex, partly unpredictable world. To gain new insights into the brain dynamics supporting natural cognition, we must overcome restrictions of traditional brain imaging technology. First, the sensors used must be lightweight and mobile to allow monitoring of brain activity during free participant movements. New hardware technology for electroencephalography (EEG) and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) allows recording electrical and hemodynamic brain activity while participants are freely moving. New data-driven analysis approaches must allow separation of signals arriving at the sensors from the brain and from non-brain sources (neck muscles, eyes, heart, the electrical environment, etc.). Independent component analysis (ICA) and related blind source separation methods allow separation of brain activity from non-brain activity from data recorded during experimental paradigms that stimulate natural cognition. Imaging the precisely timed, distributed brain dynamics that support all forms of our motivated actions and interactions in both laboratory and real-world settings requires new modes of data capture and of data processing. Synchronously recording participants’ motor behavior, brain activity, and other physiology, as well as their physical environment and external events may be termed mobile brain/body imaging ('MoBI'). Joint multi-stream analysis of recorded MoBI data is a major conceptual, mathematical, and data processing challenge. This Research Topic is one result of the first international MoBI meeting in Delmenhorst Germany in September 2013. During an intense workshop researchers from all over the world presented their projects and discussed new technological developments and challenges of this new imaging approach. Several of the presentations are compiled in this Research Topic that we hope may inspire new research using the MoBI paradigm to investigate natural cognition by recording and analyzing the brain dynamics and behavior of participants performing a wide range of naturally motivated actions and interactions.


Ubiquitous Computing And Ambient Intelligence

Author by : Sergio F. Ochoa
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This book constitutes the refereed conference proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence, UCAmI 2017, held in Philadelphia, PA, USA in November 2017. The 60 revised full papers and 22 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 100 submissions. The papers are presented in six tracks and two special sessions. These are Ambient Assisted Living, Human-Computer Interaction, Ambient Intelligence for Health, Internet of Things and Smart Cities, Ad-hoc and Sensor Networks, Sustainability, Socio-Cognitive and Affective Computing, AmI-Systems and Machine Learning.


The Psychophysiology Of Action

Author by : Sven Hoffmann
Languange : en
Publisher by : Frontiers Media SA
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Description :


Advances In Cognitive Neurodynamics

Author by : Rubin Wang
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 36
Total Download : 576
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Description : Fifty years ago, enthused by successes in creating digital computers and the DNA model of heredity, scientists were con?dent that solutions to the problems of und- standing biological intelligence and creating machine intelligence were within their grasp. Progress at ?rst seemed rapid. Giant ‘brains’ that ?lled air-conditioned rooms were shrunk into briefcases. The speed of computation doubled every two years. What these advances revealed is not the solutions but the dif?culties of the pr- lems. We are like the geographers who ‘discovered’ America, not as a collection of islands but as continents seen only at shores and demanding exploration. We are astounded less by the magnitude of our discoveries about how brains cogitate than by the enormity of the tasks we have undertaken, to explain and replicate the higher functions of brains. Five decades of brain research have led to the emergence of a new ?eld, which spans the entire range of brain cognition from quantum ?elds to social interactions, and which is combined by the conceptions of nonlinear neurodynamics operating simultaneously at and across all levels. A new breed of scientists has emerged, schooled in multiple academic disciplines, comfortable in working with data from different levels, and conversant with the mathematical tools that are essential to cross boundaries.


Dancing To Learn

Author by : Judith Lynne Hanna
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
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Description : Dancing to Learn: Cognition, Emotion, and Movement explores the rationale for dance as a medium of learning to help engage educators and scientists to explore the underpinnings of dance, and dancers as well as members of the general public who are curious about new ways of comprehending dance. Among policy-makers, teachers, and parents, there is a heightened concern for successful pedagogical strategies. They want to know what can work with learners. This book approaches the subject of learning in, about, and through dance by triangulating knowledge from the arts and humanities, social and behavioral sciences, and cognitive and neurological sciences to challenge dismissive views of the cognitive importance of the physical dance. Insights come from theories and research findings in aesthetics, anthropology, cognitive science, dance, education, feminist theory, linguistics, neuroscience, phenomenology, psychology, and sociology. Using a single theory puts blinders on to other ways of description and analysis. Of course, all knowledge is tentative. Experiments necessarily must focus on a narrow topic and often use a special demographic—university students, and we don’t know the representativeness of case studies.


The Many Faces Of Social Attention

Author by : Aina Puce
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : social neuroscience, social psychology, developmental, psychology, social cognition, vision research and clinical psychology. social neuroscience, social psychology, developmental, psychology, sThis comprehensive volume reviews current developments in our evolving knowledge of social attention and its processes. In doing so, it examines the brain-behavioral bases of social attention from diverse complementary fields, including disordered and healthy adult findings, infant and developmental studies and social neuroscience. The studies explored in this volume reflect the ongoing shift toward naturalistic, context-based experiments and integrative scientific approaches, and away from relying solely on standardized tasks in laboratory settings. In keeping with this proactive perspective, the authors pose critical questions throughout the book to point readers toward the potential next wave of research developments and interventions. Included in the coverage: The development of social attention in human infants. Neural bases for social attention in healthy humans. Social attention, social presence, and the dual function of gaze. Early departures from normative processes of social engagement in infants with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Aberrant social attention and its underlying neural correlates in adults with ASD. The future of social attention research. The Many Faces of Social Attention will interest researchers in social neuroscience, social psychology, developmental psychology, social cognition, visual attention and cognition, and clinical psychology, and inspire new advances in this increasingly important area of study. ocial cognition, vision research and clinical psychology.


Discourse Interaction And Communication

Author by : INTERNATIONAL COLLOQUIUM ON COGNITIVE SCIENCE 1995
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 63
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Description : The papers in this volume represent leading-edge work by well-known scholars on the topics mentioned in the title: discourse, interaction, and communication. They report work done from widely divergent points on the theoretical spectrum of cognitive science, and from different disciplinary starting points (philosophy, logic, linguistics, artificial intelligence). Not only do these works faithfully represent the main topics and the wide range of differing positions presented at the Fourth International Colloquium on Cognitive Science (ICCS-95), but despite their differences (or perhaps because of these differences) they also display many clear directions for future research in these three central areas of cognitive science. This book is essential reading for all researchers in cognitive science.


Cognitive Neuroscience Of Natural Language Use

Author by : Roel M. Willems
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : Contributors to this book argue that we should study the brain basis of language as used in our daily lives.


Cognitive Science

Author by : Jay Friedenberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE
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Total Read : 39
Total Download : 528
File Size : 48,6 Mb
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Description : This landmark text introduces the novice reader to what great thinkers think about thought. Unlike most texts, authors Jay Friedenberg and Gordon Silverman use a theoretical, rather than empirical, approach to examine the most important theories of mind from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. While experiments are discussed, they are used primarily to illustrate the specific characteristics of a model.


From Complexity To Creativity

Author by : Ben Goertzel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 79
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Description : Cybernetic pioneer Warren McCullough asked: "What is a man, that he may know a number; and what is a number, that a man may know it?" Thinking along much the same lines, my question here is: "What is a creative mind, that it might emerge from a complex system; and what is a complex system, that it might give rise to a creative mind?" Complexity science is a fashionable topic these days. My perspective on complexity, however, is a somewhat unusual one: I am interested in complex systems science principally as it reflects on abstract mathematical, computational models of mind. In my three previous books, The Structure of Intelligence, Evolving Mind, and Chaotic Logic, I have outlined a comprehensive complex-systems-theoretic theory of mind that I now call the psynet model. This book is a continuation of the research program presented in my previous books (and those books will be frequently referred to here, by the nicknames EM and CL). One might summarize the trajectory of thought spanning these four books as follows. SI formulated a philosophy and mathem- ics of mind, based on theoretical computer science and the concept of "pattern. " EM analyzed the theory of evolution by natural selection in similar terms, and used this computational theory of evolution to establish the evolutionary nature of thought.


Mind As Motion

Author by : Robert F. Port
Languange : en
Publisher by : MIT Press
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Description : The first comprehensive presentation of the dynamical approach to cognition. It contains a representative sampling of original, current research on topics such as perception, motor control, speech and language, decision making, and development.


Integrative Systems Approaches To Natural And Social Dynamics

Author by : Peter Murray Allen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : At the start of the new millennium, mankind is challenged by a paradox: the more we know about the world the more uncertain we become in understanding and predicting how it works. This book presents an outline of a new basis for Systems Science, and a methodology for its application in complex environmental, economic, social, and technological systems.


Mind

Author by : Paul Thagard
Languange : en
Publisher by : MIT Press
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Total Read : 43
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Description : An elementary description of the main theories and problems of cognitive science, accessible to readers with different interests and backgrounds.


Cultural Neuroscience Cultural Influences On Brain Function

Author by : Juan Y. Chiao
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
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Description : This volume presents recent empirical advances using neuroscience techniques to investigate how culture influences neural processes underlying a wide range of human abilities, from perception and scene processing to memory and social cognition. It also highlights the theoretical and methodological issues with conducting cultural neuroscience research. Section I provides diverse theoretical perspectives on how culture and biology interact are represented. Sections II –VI is to demonstrate how cultural values, beliefs, practices and experience affect neural systems underlying a wide range of human behavior from perception and cognition to emotion, social cognition and decision-making. The final section presents arguments for integrating the study of culture and the human brain by providing an explicit articulation of how the study of culture can inform the study of the brain and vice versa.


Emotional Cognitive Neural Algorithms With Engineering Applications

Author by : Leonid Perlovsky
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 12
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Description : Dynamic logic (DL) recently had a highest impact on the development in several areas of modeling and algorithm design. The book discusses classical algorithms used for 30 to 50 years (where improvements are often measured by signal-to-clutter ratio), and also new areas, which did not previously exist. These achievements were recognized by National and International awards. Emerging areas include cognitive, emotional, intelligent systems, data mining, modeling of the mind, higher cognitive functions, evolution of languages and other. Classical areas include detection, recognition, tracking, fusion, prediction, inverse scattering, and financial prediction. All these classical areas are extended to using mixture models, which previously was considered unsolvable in most cases. Recent neuroimaging experiments proved that the brain-mind actually uses DL. „Emotional Cognitive Neural Algorithms with Engineering Applications“ is written for professional scientists and engineers developing computer and information systems, for professors teaching modeling and algorithms, and for students working on Masters and Ph.D. degrees in these areas. The book will be of interest to psychologists and neuroscientists interested in mathematical models of the brain and min das well.


A New Foundation For Representation In Cognitive And Brain Science

Author by : Jaime Gómez-Ramirez
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 319
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Description : The purpose of the book is to advance in the understanding of brain function by defining a general framework for representation based on category theory. The idea is to bring this mathematical formalism into the domain of neural representation of physical spaces, setting the basis for a theory of mental representation, able to relate empirical findings, uniting them into a sound theoretical corpus. The innovative approach presented in the book provides a horizon of interdisciplinary collaboration that aims to set up a common agenda that synthesizes mathematical formalization and empirical procedures in a systemic way. Category theory has been successfully applied to qualitative analysis, mainly in theoretical computer science to deal with programming language semantics. Nevertheless, the potential of category theoretic tools for quantitative analysis of networks has not been tackled so far. Statistical methods to investigate graph structure typically rely on network parameters. Category theory can be seen as an abstraction of graph theory. Thus, new categorical properties can be added into network analysis and graph theoretic constructs can be accordingly extended in more fundamental basis. By generalizing networks using category theory we can address questions and elaborate answers in a more fundamental way without waiving graph theoretic tools. The vital issue is to establish a new framework for quantitative analysis of networks using the theory of categories, in which computational neuroscientists and network theorists may tackle in more efficient ways the dynamics of brain cognitive networks. The intended audience of the book is researchers who wish to explore the validity of mathematical principles in the understanding of cognitive systems. All the actors in cognitive science: philosophers, engineers, neurobiologists, cognitive psychologists, computer scientists etc. are akin to discover along its pages new unforeseen connections through the development of concepts and formal theories described in the book. Practitioners of both pure and applied mathematics e.g., network theorists, will be delighted with the mapping of abstract mathematical concepts in the terra incognita of cognition.


Natural And Artificial Computation For Biomedicine And Neuroscience

Author by : José Manuel Ferrández Vicente
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
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Description : The two volumes LNCS 10337 and 10338 constitute the proceedings of the International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2017, held in Corunna, Spain, in June 2017. The total of 102 full papers was carefully reviewed and selected from 194 submissions during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers are organized in two volumes, one on natural and artificial computation for biomedicine and neuroscience, addressing topics such as theoretical neural computation; models; natural computing in bioinformatics; physiological computing in affective smart environments; emotions; as well as signal processing and machine learning applied to biomedical and neuroscience applications. The second volume deals with biomedical applications, based on natural and artificial computing and addresses topics such as biomedical applications; mobile brain computer interaction; human robot interaction; deep learning; machine learning applied to big data analysis; computational intelligence in data coding and transmission; and applications.


Neuro Fuzzy Associative Machinery For Comprehensive Brain And Cognition Modelling

Author by : Vladimir G. Ivancevic
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 36
Total Download : 305
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Description : Neuro–Fuzzy Associative Machinery for Comprehensive Brain and Cognition Modelling" is a graduate–level monographic textbook. It represents a comprehensive introduction into both conceptual and rigorous brain and cognition modelling. It is devoted to understanding, prediction and control of the fundamental mechanisms of brain functioning. The reader will be provided with a scientific tool enabling him to perform a competitive research in brain and cognition modelling.


Brain Like Computing And Intelligent Information Systems

Author by : Shunichi Amari
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
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Description : This book introduces a new, rapidly expanding area in computer science and artificial intelligence. Brain-like computing combines traditional computational techniques with cognitive models inspired by the brain, for building information systems. Image and speech processing, creative planning and design, adaptive control, knowledge acquisition, and database mining, are only a few areas where brain-like computing is applied.


Advances In Physiology Research And Application 2011 Edition

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by : ScholarlyEditions
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Description : Advances in Physiology Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Physiology. The editors have built Advances in Physiology Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Physiology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Physiology Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.


Interceptive Actions In Sport

Author by : Simon Bennett
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
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Description : Dynamic interceptive actions are those actions for which the body, or an implement, must be moved into the right place at the right time in order to accomplish a task. These actions are particularly prevalent in sport, for example reaching to catch a ball or running towards a target to make a tackle. This book is the first to offer a comprehensive review of existing theoretical research on dynamic interceptive actions, as well as close examination of specific, practical applications. The book includes material on: * catching * wielding tennis rackets * putting in golf * controlling and kicking a soccer ball. It is essential reading for anybody with a close interest in motor learning and control or skill acquisition, and will be of interest to students of sport psychology, movement science and coaching science.


Correlated Neuronal Activity And Its Relationship To Coding Dynamics And Network Architecture

Author by : Tatjana Tchumatchenko
Languange : en
Publisher by : Frontiers E-books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
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Description : Correlated activity in populations of neurons has been observed in many brain regions and plays a central role in cortical coding, attention, and network dynamics. Accurately quantifying neuronal correlations presents several difficulties. For example, despite recent advances in multicellular recording techniques, the number of neurons from which spiking activity can be simultaneously recorded remains orders magnitude smaller than the size of local networks. In addition, there is a lack of consensus on the distribution of pairwise spike cross correlations obtained in extracellular multi-unit recordings. These challenges highlight the need for theoretical and computational approaches to understand how correlations emerge and to decipher their functional role in the brain.


Proceedings Of The Seventeenth Annual Conference Of The Cognitive Science Society

Author by : Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
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Total Read : 74
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Description : This volume features the complete text of all regular papers, posters, and summaries of symposia presented at the 17th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.


Advances In Cognitive Neurodynamics V

Author by : Rubin Wang
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Total Read : 9
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Description : This proceedings contains articles submitted to the fifth International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics (ICCN2015). In ICCN2015, twelve invited plenary lectures were presented by the leading scientists in their respective research fields. More than 15 mini-symposiums are organized by specialists with topics covering: motor control and learning, dynamic coding in distributed neural circuits, dynamics of firing patterns and synchronization in neuronal systems, information and signal processing techniques in neurotechnology, neural oscillations and synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus, new perspective on model-based vs. model-free brain process, neural mechanisms of internal switching, neuroinformation computation, neural model and dynamics, imaging human cognitive networks, neuroinformatics, neuroergonomics & neuroengineering, dynamic brain for communication, visual information processing and functional imaging and neural mechanisms of language processing. All articles are peer-reviewed. The ICCN is a series conference held every two years since 2007.


Handbook Of Child Psychology Theoretical Models Of Human Development

Author by : William Damon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wiley
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 995
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Description : This four-volume handbook is the definitive reference in the field of child development. It serves as a sourcebook, encyclopedia, and research review.


Applied Algebraic Dynamics

Author by : Vladimir Anashin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
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Description : This monograph presents recent developments of the theory of algebraic dynamical systems and their applications to computer sciences, cryptography, cognitive sciences, psychology, image analysis, and numerical simulations. The most important mathematical results presented in this book are in the fields of ergodicity, p-adic numbers, and noncommutative groups. For students and researchers working on the theory of dynamical systems, algebra, number theory, measure theory, computer sciences, cryptography, and image analysis.


Complex Dynamics In Physiological Systems From Heart To Brain

Author by : Syamal K. Dana
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
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Description : Nonlinear dynamics has become an important field of research in recent years in many areas of the natural sciences. In particular, it has potential applications in biology and medicine; nonlinear data analysis has helped to detect the progress of cardiac disease, physiological disorders, for example episodes of epilepsy, and others. This book focuses on the current trends of research concerning the prediction of sudden cardiac death and the onset of epileptic seizures, using the nonlinear analysis based on ECG and EEG data. Topics covered include the analysis of cardiac models and neural models. The book is a collection of recent research papers by leading physicists, mathematicians, cardiologists and neurobiologists who are actively involved in using the concepts of nonlinear dynamics to explore the functional behaviours of heart and brain under normal and pathological conditions. This collection is intended for students in physics, mathematics and medical sciences, and researchers in interdisciplinary areas of physics and biology.


Handbook Of Social Cognition

Author by : Robert S. Wyer, Jr.
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
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Description : This edition of the Handbook follows the first edition by 10 years. The earlier edition was a promissory note, presaging the directions in which the then-emerging field of social cognition was likely to move. The field was then in its infancy and the areas of research and theory that came to dominate the field during the next decade were only beginning to surface. The concepts and methods used had frequently been borrowed from cognitive psychology and had been applied to phenomena in a very limited number of areas. Nevertheless, social cognition promised to develop rapidly into an important area of psychological inquiry that would ultimately have an impact on not only several areas of psychology but other fields as well. The promises made by the earlier edition have generally been fulfilled. Since its publication, social cognition has become one of the most active areas of research in the entire field of psychology; its influence has extended to health and clinical psychology, and personality, as well as to political science, organizational behavior, and marketing and consumer behavior. The impact of social cognition theory and research within a very short period of time is incontrovertible. The present volumes provide a comprehensive and detailed review of the theoretical and empirical work that has been performed during these years, and of its implications for information processing in a wide variety of domains. The handbook is divided into two volumes. The first provides an overview of basic research and theory in social information processing, covering the automatic and controlled processing of information and its implications for how information is encoded and stored in memory, the mental representation of persons -- including oneself -- and events, the role of procedural knowledge in information processing, inference processes, and response processes. Special attention is given to the cognitive determinants and consequences of affect and emotion. The second book provides detailed discussions of the role of information processing in specific areas such as stereotyping; communication and persuasion; political judgment; close relationships; organizational, clinical and health psychology; and consumer behavior. The contributors are theorists and researchers who have themselves carried out important studies in the areas to which their chapters pertain. In combination, the contents of this two-volume set provide a sophisticated and in-depth treatment of both theory and research in this major area of psychological inquiry and the directions in which it is likely to proceed in the future.