Economic Development And Environmental History In The Anthropocene

Author by : Gareth Austin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
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Description : For the populations of the developing economies – the vast majority of humanity – the present century offers the prospect of emulating Western standards of living. This hope is combined with increasing awareness of the environmental consequences of the very process of global industrialisation itself. This book explores the interactions between economic development and the physical environment in four regions of the developing world: Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia. The contributors focus on the 'Anthropocene': our present era, in which humanity's influence on the physical environment has begun to mark the geological record. Economic Development and Environmental History in the Anthropocene examines environmental changes at global level and human responses to environmental opportunities and constraints on more local and regional scales, themes which have been insufficiently studied to date. This volume fills this gap in the literature by combining historical, economic and geographical perspectives to consider the implications of the Anthropocene for economic development in Asia and Africa.


Islands Of Intensive Agriculture In Eastern Africa

Author by : Mats Widgren
Languange : en
Publisher by : James Currey Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 725
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : The East African Rift Valley is home to specialized agricultural regimes - their apparent isolation masking the degree of exchange between communities.


Islands Of Intensive Agriculture In Eastern Africa

Author by : Mats Widgren
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ohio University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 618
File Size : 54,6 Mb
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Description : ISLANDS OF INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE are areas of local cultivation surrounded by low-density livestock herders or extensive cultivators. Along the line of the East Africa Rift Valley, and in the highlands on either side, communities of considerable historical depth have developed highly specialized agricultural regimes, employing such labor-intensive devices as furrow irrigation, hillside terracing, and stall-feeding of cattle. This collection continues the advance in the understanding of African agricultural practices through the combination of geographical, ethnographic, and archaeological research, concentrating on actual fields, farming strategies, and cultivation techniques.


Humans And The Environment

Author by : Matthew I. J. Davies
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 625
File Size : 54,9 Mb
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Description : The environment has always been a central concept for archaeologists and, although it has been conceived in many ways, its role in archaeological explanation has fluctuated from a mere backdrop to human action, to a primary factor in the understanding of society and social change. Archaeology also has a unique position as its base of interest places it temporally between geological and ethnographic timescales, spatially between global and local dimensions, and epistemologically between empirical studies of environmental change and more heuristic studies of cultural practice. Drawing on data from across the globe at a variety of temporal and spatial scales, this volume resituates the way in which archaeologists use and apply the concept of the environment. Each chapter critically explores the potential for archaeological data and practice to contribute to modern environmental issues, including problems of climate change and environmental degradation. Overall the volume covers four basic themes: archaeological approaches to the way in which both scientists and locals conceive of the relationship between humans and their environment, applied environmental archaeology, the archaeology of disaster, and new interdisciplinary directions.The volume will be of interest to students and established archaeologists, as well as practitioners from a range of applied disciplines.


The Oxford Handbook Of Historical Ecology And Applied Archaeology

Author by : Christian Isendahl
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 397
File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description : The Oxford Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology presents theoretical discussions, methodological outlines, and case-studies describing the field of overlap between historical ecology and the emerging sub-discipline of applied archaeology to highlight how modern environments and landscapes have been shaped by humans. Historical ecology is based on the recognition that humans are not only capable of modifying their environments, but that all environments on earth have already been directly or indirectly modified. This includes anthropogenic climate change, widespread deforestations, and species extinctions, but also very local alterations, the effects of which may last a few years, or may have legacies lasting centuries or more. With contributions from anthropologists, archaeologists, human geographers, and historians, this volume focuses not just on defining human impacts in the past, but on the ways that understanding these changes can help inform contemporary practices and development policies. Some chapters present examples of how ancient or current societies have modified their environments in sustainable ways, while others highlight practices that had unintended long-term consequences. The possibilities of learning from these practices are discussed, as is the potential of using the long history of human resource exploitation as a method for building or testing models of future change. The volume offers overviews for students, researchers, and professionals with an interest in conservation or development projects who want to understand what practical insights can be drawn from history, and who seek to apply their work to contemporary issues.


African Archaeology Without Frontiers

Author by : Chapurukha M Kusimba
Languange : en
Publisher by : NYU Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
Total Download : 178
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : Confronting national, linguistic and disciplinary boundaries, contributors to African Archaeology Without Frontiers argue against artificial limits and divisions created through the study of ‘ages’ that in reality overlap and cannot and should not be understood in isolation. Papers are drawn from the proceedings of the landmark 14th PanAfrican Archaeological Association Congress, held in Johannesburg in 2014, nearly seven decades after the conference planned for 1951 was re-located to Algiers for ideological reasons following the National Party’s rise to power in South Africa. Contributions by keynote speakers Chapurukha Kusimba and Akin Ogundiran encourage African archaeologists to practise an archaeology that collaborates across many related fields of study to enrich our understanding of the past. The nine papers cover a broad geographical sweep by incorporating material on ongoing projects throughout the continent including South Africa, Botswana, Cameroon, Togo, Tanzania, Kenya and Nigeria. Thematically, the papers included in the volume address issues of identity and interaction, and the need to balance cultural heritage management and sustainable development derived from a continent racked by social inequalities and crippling poverty. Edited by three leading archaeologists, the collection covers many aspects of African archaeology, and a range of periods from the earliest hominins to the historical period. It will appeal to specialists and interested amateurs.


Resilience And Collapse In African Savannahs

Author by : Michael Bollig
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 211
File Size : 47,7 Mb
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Description : This book assesses the causes and consequences of environmental change in East Africa, asking whether local African communities are sufficiently resilient to cope with the ecological and social challenges that confront them. It focuses on the savannahs of the Baringo-Bogoria basin, and the surrounding highlands of Kenya’s northern Rift Valley that form the social-ecological system of the specialised cattle pastoralists and niche agricultural farmers who occupy these semi-arid lands. Historical studies of resilience spanning the past two centuries are linked with analysis of current environmental challenges, and the ecological, social, economic and political responses mounted by local communities. The authors question whether the most recent challenges confronting the peoples of eastern Africa’s savannahs – intensified conflicts, mounting poverty driven by demographic pressures, and dramatic ecological changes brought by invasive species – might soon led to a collapse in essential elements of the specialised cattle pastoralism that dominates the region, requiring a re-orientation of the social-ecological system. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Eastern African Studies.


Water And Society From Ancient Times To The Present

Author by : Federica Sulas
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
Total Download : 381
File Size : 51,8 Mb
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Description : As water availability, management and conservation become global challenges, there is now wide consensus that historical knowledge can provide crucial information to address present crises, offering unique opportunities to appreciate the solutions and mechanisms societies have developed over time to deal with water in all its forms, from rainfall to groundwater. This unique collection explores how ancient water systems relate to present ideas of resilience and sustainability and can inform future strategy. Through an investigation of historic water management systems, along with the responses to, and impact of, various water-driven catastrophes, contributors to this volume present tenable solutions for the long-term use of water resources in different parts of the world. The discussion is not limited to issues of the past, seeking instead to address the resonance and legacy of water histories in the present and future. Water and Society from Ancient Times to the Present speaks to an archaeological and non-archaeological scholarly audience and will be a useful primary reference text for researchers and graduate students from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds including archaeology, anthropology, history, ecology, geography, geology, architecture and development studies.


Macroevolution In Human Prehistory

Author by : Anna Prentiss
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 909
File Size : 47,5 Mb
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Description : Cultural evolution, much like general evolution, works from the assumption that cultures are descendent from much earlier ancestors. Human culture manifests itself in forms ranging from the small bands of hunters, through intermediate scale complex hunter-gatherers and farmers, to the high density urban settlements and complex polities that characterize much of today’s world. The chapters in the volume examine the dynamic interaction between the micro- and macro-scales of cultural evolution, developing a theoretical approach to the archaeological record that has been termed evolutionary processual archaeology. The contributions in this volume integrate positive elements of both evolutionary and processualist schools of thought. The approach, as explicated by the contributors in this work, offers novel insights into topics that include the emergence, stasis, collapse and extinction of cultural patterns, and development of social inequalities. Consequently, these contributions form a stepping off point for a significant new range of cultural evolutionary studies.


Envisioning Landscape

Author by : Dan Hicks
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 652
File Size : 46,8 Mb
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Description : The common feature of landscape archaeology is its diversity – of method, field location, disciplinary influences and contemporary voices. The contributors to this volume take advantage of these many strands to investigate landscape archaeology in its multiple forms, focusing primarily on the link to heritage, the impact on our understanding of temporality, and the situated theory that arises out of landscape studies. Using examples from New York to Northern Ireland, Africa to the Argolid, these pieces capture the human significance of material objects in support of a more comprehensive, nuanced archaeology.


Cultural Anthropology An Applied Perspective

Author by : Gary Ferraro
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cengage Learning
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 147
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description : Explore cultural anthropology and its relevance in today's world with Gary Ferraro and Susan Andreatta's CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY: AN APPLIED PERSPECTIVE, Tenth Edition. This contemporary book provides interesting real-world examples and applications of the principles and practices of anthropology, helping readers appreciate other cultures as well as their own--and apply what they learn to situations in their personal and professional life. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


The Routledge Handbook Of Global Historical Archaeology

Author by : Charles E. Orser, Jr.
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
Total Download : 972
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : The Routledge Handbook of Global Historical Archaeology is a multi-authored compendium of articles on specific topics of interest to today’s historical archaeologists, offering perspectives on the current state of research and collectively outlining future directions for the field. The broad range of topics covered in this volume allows for specificity within individual chapters, while building to a cumulative overview of the field of historical archaeology as it stands, and where it could go next. Archaeological research is discussed in the context of current sociological concerns, different approaches and techniques are assessed, and potential advances are posited. This is a comprehensive treatment of the sub-discipline, engaging key contemporary debates, and providing a series of specially-commissioned geographical overviews to complement the more theoretical explorations. This book is designed to offer a starting point for students who may wish to pursue particular topics in more depth, as well as for non-archaeologists who have an interest in historical archaeology. Archaeologists, historians, preservationists, and all scholars interested in the role historical archaeology plays in illuminating daily life during the past five centuries will find this volume engaging and enlightening.


Political Ecology Across Spaces Scales And Social Groups

Author by : Arturo Escobar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rutgers University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 643
File Size : 49,7 Mb
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Description : Environmental issues have become increasingly prominent in local struggles, national debates, and international policies. In response, scholars are paying more attention to conventional politics and to more broadly defined relations of power and difference in the interactions between human groups and their biophysical environments. Such issues are at the heart of the relatively new interdisciplinary field of political ecology, forged at the intersection of political economy and cultural ecology. This volume provides a toolkit of vital concepts and a set of research models and analytic frameworks for researchers at all levels. The two opening chapters trace rich traditions of thought and practice that inform current approaches to political ecology. They point to the entangled relationship between humans, politics, economies, and environments at the dawn of the twenty-first century and address challenges that scholars face in navigating the blurring boundaries among relevant fields of enquiry. The twelve case studies that follow demonstrate ways that culture and politics serve to mediate human-environmental relationships in specific ecological and geographical contexts. Taken together, they describe uses of and conflicts over resources including land, water, soil, trees, biodiversity, money, knowledge, and information; they exemplify wide-ranging ecological settings including deserts, coasts, rainforests, high mountains, and modern cities; and they explore sites located around the world, from Canada to Tonga and cyberspace.


Elements Of Culture An Applied Perspective

Author by : Susan Andreatta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cengage Learning
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 155
File Size : 53,7 Mb
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Description : Written by the experienced author team of Susan Andreatta and Gary Ferraro, ELEMENTS OF CULTURE: AN APPLIED PERSPECTIVE is a concise new text for the cultural anthropology course. It covers all the major topics you expect in a traditional course in twelve brief chapters that allow your students to access the main concepts quickly. The book's streamlined content, pedagogy, and real-world applications focus students on global current events and issues that illustrate the usefulness of anthropology in careers and in solving societal problems. The brief format allows you the flexibility to assign additional readings, including ethnographic case studies or selections from CourseReader's online Editor's Choice list of original applied anthropology articles. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


Non Destructive Techniques Applied To Landscape Archaeology

Author by : Frederic Trement
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxbow Books Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
Total Download : 292
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : . The fourth book in the Archaeology of Mediterranean Landscapes series. The contributors to this book outline non-destructive methods such as remote sensing, aerial photography and reconnaissance, magnetic and radar techniques, seismic and acoustic methods, soil phosphate surveys and geochemical analysis with xamples taken from particular case studies.


Aaa Guide 1989 90

Author by : Asociación Antropológica Americana
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 310
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description :


Aaa Guide

Author by : American Anthropological Association
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
Total Download : 456
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Nyanga

Author by : Robert C. Soper
Languange : en
Publisher by : British Inst in Eastern Africa
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 547
File Size : 45,7 Mb
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Description : The stone ruins of the Nyanga area of eastern Zimbabwe have intrigued observers since they were first reported to the outside world at the end of the 19th century. The early fanciful speculations about their meaning have been gradually tempered over the years by the findings of systematic archaeological research, culminating in the project recently completed by the British Institute in Eastern Africa and the University of Zimbabwe. The first stages of the Nyanga complex were established between the 13th and 14th century AD, on some of the highest peaks of the region. Subsequent stages saw a gradual expansion downhill, with the construction of multiple stone terraces, cattle pens, and settlements. In this book, Robert Soper and his colleagues sets out the accumulated evidence for the Nyanga complex as far as we now know it. Overall, the Nyanga sequence raises obvious questions about environmental changes and climatic fluctuations during the last millennium. More particularly, the various stages begin to reveal how the local farming community grappled with these changes, including those induced by its own intensive use of the landscape and its resources.


The Roman Agricultural Economy

Author by : Alan Bowman
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 567
File Size : 55,9 Mb
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Description : This collection presents new analyses for the nature and scale of Roman agriculture. It outlines the fundamental features of agricultural production through studying the documentary and archaeological evidence for the modes of land exploitation and the organisation, development of, and investment in this sector.


Terraced Landscapes

Author by : Drago Kladnik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Založba ZRC
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 362
File Size : 55,5 Mb
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Description : Terraced landscapes with agricultural terraces are cultural landscapes with a special value. They provide food and also have priceless scientific, cultural, historical. ecological, aesthetic, and even psychological, philosophical, and religious value. They form a unique agricultural and ecological system that can be found throughout the world. In some developed civilizations they were created in an organized manner over millennia, and in others they arose completely spontaneously as people adapted to natural conditions and improved their opportunities to make a living. They therefore reflect a harmony between man and nature, and in many cases also between people themselves. This volume presents them in pictures and words in all their diversity and attractiveness. After discussing the global and European dimensions of terraced landscapes and their agricultural terraces, the volume focuses on Slovenian terraced landscapes; they are discussed separately by landscape types and sample cases in the territory of selected settlements (pilot areas). The conclusion also draws attention to the exceptional value and appeal of non-agricultural terraced landscapes that have been shaped by nature and man. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Terasirane pokrajine, sestavljene iz kmetijskih teras, so kulturne pokrajine s posebno vrednostjo. Zagotavljajo hrano, imajo pa tudi neprecenljivo znanstveno, kulturno, zgodovinsko, ekološko, estetsko, celo psihološko, filozofsko in religiozno vrednost. So svojstven kmetijski in ekološki sistem po celem svetu. Ponekod so v razvitih civilizacijah organizirano nastajale skozi tisočletja, drugje pa povsem spontano, ko se je človek prilagajal naravnim razmeram in izboljševal svoje možnosti za preživetje. Zato se v njih zrcali sožitje med človekom in naravo, marsikje pa tudi med ljudmi. Knjiga jih v sliki in besedi predstavlja v vsej njihovi pestrosti in privlačnosti. Najprej so izpostavljene svetovne in evropske razsežnosti terasiranih pokrajin in njihovih kmetijskih teras, precej prostora pa namenja tudi slovenskim terasiranim pokrajinam, in sicer ločeno po pokrajinskih tipih in po vzorčnih primerih, ki obsegajo območja izbranih naselij. V sklepnem delu opozarja tudi na izjemnost in privlačnost nekmetijskih terasiranih pokrajin, ki sta jih oblikovala narava in človek.


Agrindex

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 221
File Size : 50,9 Mb
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Growth Recurring

Author by : Eric Lionel Jones
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Michigan Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
Total Download : 99
File Size : 49,9 Mb
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Description : An affordable new edition intended for course use


Guide

Author by : American Anthropological Association
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 915
File Size : 40,9 Mb
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Imagining Serengeti

Author by : Jan Bender Shetler
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ohio University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 700
File Size : 52,5 Mb
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Description : Many students come to African history with a host of stereotypes that are not always easy to dislodge. One of the most common is that of Africa as safari grounds—as the land of expansive, unpopulated game reserves untouched by civilization and preserved in their original pristine state by the tireless efforts of contemporary conservationists. With prose that is elegant in its simplicity and analysis that is forceful and compelling, Jan Bender Shetler brings the landscape memory of the Serengeti to life. She demonstrates how the social identities of western Serengeti peoples are embedded in specific spaces and in their collective memories of those spaces. Using a new methodology to analyze precolonial oral traditions, Shetler identifies core spatial images and reevaluates them in their historical context through the use of archaeological, linguistic, ethnographic, ecological, and archival evidence. Imagining Serengeti is a lively environmental history that will ensure that we never look at images of the African landscape in quite the same way.


Environmental Issues In The Mediterranean

Author by : John B. Thornes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
Total Download : 844
File Size : 42,6 Mb
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Description : The Mediterranean has been subject to changing human settlement and land use patterns for millennia, and has a history of human exploitation in an inherently unstable landscape. Environmental Issues in the Mediterranean reviews both physical and social aspects of this region, in relation to its environment. Ideal for students who are studying a range of environmental issues, but want to see them linked within one regional context. The book begins with an introduction to the Mediterranean region, its history, physical and human geography and its environmental problems. It then goes on to examine: * The Dynamic Environment - climate variables and fluctuations, vegetation, the hydrological cycle of the basin and its watershed, processes of erosion, fire and the Mediterranean Sea *The Human Impact on the Environment - prehistoric and historic land use, traditional agriculture, rural and urban settlement and use of mineral resources * The Mediterranean Environment Under Increasing Pressure - the present human landscape, changes in agriculture in the 20th century, the impact of depopulation, pollution, water resources, desertification and potential climatic change. It then concludes with a discussion of the region's on-going environmental issues of water resources, land degradation, agricultural intensification and tourism, and considers how these can be approached using management techniques and national and regional policies.


The Archaeology Of Drylands

Author by : Graeme Barker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 176
File Size : 50,8 Mb
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Description : Many dryland regions contain archaeological remains which suggest that there must have been intensive phases of settlement in what now seem to be dry and degraded environments. This book discusses successes and failures of past land use and settlement in drylands, and contributes to wider debates about desertification and the sustainability of dryland settlement.