Trichinella and Trichinellosis

Trichinella and Trichinellosis
Author: Fabrizio Bruschi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 554
Release: 2021-07-22
ISBN: 0128212675
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trichinella and Trichinellosis Book Excerpt:

Trichinella and Trichinellosis provides an up-to-date account of the nematode Trichinella spp., including infections and diseases caused by this parasite in both animals and humans. This book will fill the long gap in time during which an exhaustive monograph on this subject has been missing in the international literature. The chapters have been written by the most prolific researchers in the world on the different aspects of Trichinella and trichinellosis. This book serves as an original resource for research on Trichinella and trichinellosis, exploring cutting-edge advances on such parasites and the infections they cause. This book will be a valuable resource for students, biologists, epidemiologists, veterinarians, physicians, and scientists involved in the study of the parasites of the Trichinella genus and their related diseases. It will be particularly helpful for those who are beginning their research in this fascinating field. Offers a broad overview on the parasites belonging to the Trichinella genus Presents recent cutting-edge advances on this zoonotic parasite, focusing on the molecular epidemiology, systematics of the parasite, clinical aspects of the diseases, and the roadmap to the control of infection in domestic pigs Discusses ground-breaking approaches designed to meet the medical needs in trichinellosis

Trichinellosis

Trichinellosis
Author: William Cecil Campbell
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 1985-01-01
ISBN: 9780887060915
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trichinellosis Book Excerpt:

Infections with the parasite Trichinella spiralis have undoubtedly been present for thousands of years, but it was only 150 years ago that the parasite was associated with clinical disease in man and subsequently with the consumption of raw or inadequately cooked pork. The 54 papers in the book contain the most recent information on the parasite Trichinella and on the disease, trichinellosis. Presented by scientists from 17 countries throughout the world, the papers are the record of the Sixth International Conference on Trichinellosis held at Val Morin, Quebec Province, Canada, July 8-12, 1984. The program consisted of three symposia, each devoted to immunology, genetics, and epidemiology and control. The scientific sessions consisted of the following areas: immunology, pathology, speciation (characterization of isolates), biology (ultrastructure), slaughterhouse, epidemiology, hosts susceptibility and resistance, and sero-diagnosis and chemotherapy. In addition, there were informal workshops on immunology, speciation, and clinical therapy, which are not included here. This comprehensive volume will serve as a valuable resource to all who are actively engaged in basic and applied research and in treating the disease. Therefore, the book is useful for parasitologists, immunologists, pathologists, clinicians, veterinarians and public health workers interested in Trichinella and trichinellosis.

Trichinella and Trichinosis

Trichinella and Trichinosis
Author: William Campbell
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461335787
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trichinella and Trichinosis Book Excerpt:

I have cured the Empress of Boolampoo of a Cramp she got in her tongue by eating Pork and buttered parsnips .... The Earl of Rochester-17th Century As the modern outpouring of biological information continues at ever increasing pace, two kinds of reviews are needed to keep the torrent in manageable form. The one assumes a working knowledge of the field in question and tries to bring the reader up to date by reporting and assessing the recent developments. The other attempts to assimilate the recent developments into a coherent restatement of the whole subject. This book falls in the latter category. Trichinella spiralis infection has been in the medical and biological limelight for more than a century, and interest in it continues una bated-as evidenced by what Norman Stoll called the "perennially exuberant" research on trichinosis. The infection seems to offer some thing for almost everyone. For the physician, it offers a patient with painful and sometimes fatal disease; for the public-health official, a threat to the commonweal; for the experimental biologist, a life cycle that is unique yet easily and rapidly maintained in the laboratory; for the field ecologist, a symbiont with an affinity for an extraordinary range of wildlife species; for the pork producer, a poorer profit; for the cook, a culinary constraint; and for the diner, a dietary danger. Yet, despite this breadth of interest, and the cascade of new data, the only comprehensive books on the subject in English are those of S.E.

Foodborne Infections and Intoxications

Foodborne Infections and Intoxications
Author: Heather Stockdale Walden
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2013-03-06
ISBN: 0128073756
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foodborne Infections and Intoxications Book Excerpt:

Trichinella belongs to a group of nematode parasites in the superfamily Trichinelloidea, family Trichinellidae, and includes eight recognized species and 12 genotypes. Human infection with adult or larval stages of Trichinella, known as trichinellosis, is common and is the direct result of ingesting Trichinella larvae in raw or undercooked meat. The common source of human infection is the domestic pig; however, due to maintenance by sylvatic cycles and cultural differences throughout the world, trichinellosis may occur from ingesting improperly prepared meat from other animals including bears, horses, dogs, walruses, cougars, and some reptiles. The risk of acquiring a Trichinella infection from commercially processed pork is very low in the United States and most developed countries. This can be attributed to good farm management practices, freezing processed meat, and greater awareness of the disease and potential risks associated with ingesting raw or undercooked pork.

Trichinellosis

Trichinellosis
Author: Charles W. Kim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 658
Release: 1974
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Trichinella
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trichinellosis Book Excerpt:

Incidence of Trichinellosis in Poland and Its Control

Incidence of Trichinellosis in Poland and Its Control
Author: Z. Kozar
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 259
Release: 1974
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Poland
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Incidence of Trichinellosis in Poland and Its Control Book Excerpt:

Guidelines on Surveillance Prevention and Control of Trichinellosis

Guidelines on Surveillance  Prevention  and Control of Trichinellosis
Author: William Cecil Campbell,World Health Organization,WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Veterinary Public Health
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 199
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Trichinosis
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guidelines on Surveillance Prevention and Control of Trichinellosis Book Excerpt:

Trichinella and trichinellosis current situation

Trichinella and trichinellosis   current situation
Author: Jacek Osek
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 58
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9788389946393
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trichinella and trichinellosis current situation Book Excerpt:

Trichinellosis Surveillance United States 2005 2007

Trichinellosis Surveillance     United States  2005 2007
Author: Erin D. Kennedy,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.),National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 8
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Trichinosis
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trichinellosis Surveillance United States 2005 2007 Book Excerpt:

"Problem/Condition: Trichinellosis is a parasitic disease caused by roundworms of the Trichinella genus. Humans are incidental hosts who become infected after ingestion of raw or undercooked meat containing encysted larvae of Trichinella spp. Comon signs and symptoms of trichinellosis include eosinophilia, abdominal pain, fever, periorbital edema, and myalgia. National surveillance has documented a decline in the reported incidence of trichinellosis in the United States since 1947, the first year nationwide data were collected systematically. The decreased incidence of trichinellosis has mirrored the decrease of Trichinella in commercial pork products as a result of changes in pork industry management standards and government regulations. In addition, an overall decrease has occurred in the number of cases of trichinellosis related to pork consumption. During 1997-2001, means other than pork were the most common source of infection, and more cases were associated with home-raised pork than with store-bought pork. Reporting Period Covered: 2002--2007. Description of System: Trichinellosis is a reportable disease in 48 states and has been a nationally notifiable disease since 1966. Cases are defined by clinical characteristics and the results of laboratory testing for evidence of Trichinella infection. States report cases to CDC through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System. Reported cases are summarized weekly and yearly in MMWR. In addition, states are asked to submit a standardized case report form with supplementary case data to CDC's Division of Parasitic Diseases. Results: During 2002--2007, a total of 66 cases of trichinellosis were reported to CDC. Those cases for which a supplementary case report form was not submitted or that did not meet the case definition were excluded from analysis. Of the 66 cases reported during 2002--2007, a total of 12 (18%) cases were excluded from analysis. Associated meat products were classified as either pork or meat products other than pork and were identified for 43 (80%) cases. Meat products other than pork were associated with 27 (50%) cases: 21 with bear meat, one with either bear or deer meat, one with cougar meat, one with deer meat, one with walrus or seal meat, and two with commercial beef. Pork was associated with 10 (19%) cases: seven with commercial pork, two with noncommercial pork, and one with an unspecified type of pork. Of the seven cases associated with consumption of commercial pork, five were linked to U.S. commercial pork, and two were attributed to pork ingested during travel in Asia. The two cases associated with noncommercial pork were attributed to wild boar meat; one case involved wild boar meat from a farm and the other wild boar meat from a farmers' market. Six patients reported consuming both pork and meat products other than pork, but the infected meat product could not be identified. Interpretation: The number of reported trichinellosis cases attributed to commercial pork consumption remains low. The greatest number of cases continues to be associated with consumption of meat other than pork, especially bear meat. Public Health Action: For the incidence of trichinellosis in the United States to be reduced further, education regarding safe food preparation practices and prevention of trichinellosis should be targeted toward hunters and other consumers of wild game meat, especially bear"--P. 1.

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
Author: Fabrizio Bruschi,Enrico Brunetti,Edoardo Pozio
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2013-07-03
ISBN: 0128079630
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology Book Excerpt:

Trichinellosis is a parasitic zoonosis caused by the nematode Trichinella spp. Neurotrichinellosis represents one of the most important complications of severe trichinellosis in humans and is sometimes fatal, especially when Trichinella spiralis is involved. There are numerous mechanisms responsible for the involvement of the nervous system through direct or indirect involvement of the parasite. In the latter, inflammatory cells, especially eosinophils, appear to play a crucial role. Encephalopathy, neuromuscular disturbances, and ocular involvement represent the most frequent presentations of neurotrichinellosis, with the first being the most responsible for fatalities. The diagnosis is based on imaging (CT or MRI), which shows nodular multifocal hypodensities in serologically positive individuals with relevant epidemiological factors (e.g., consumption of raw pork). However, only direct diagnosis by muscle biopsy can give the absolute certainty of infection. Albendazole and mebendazole are the anthelminthic of choice and should be used with corticosteroids to prevent allergic manifestations.

Trichinellosis Surveillance United States 1997 2001

Trichinellosis Surveillance    United States  1997 2001
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 8
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trichinellosis Surveillance United States 1997 2001 Book Excerpt:

PROBLEM/CONDITION: Trichinellosis is a parasitic disease caused by tissue-dwelling roundworms of the species Trichinella spiralis. The organism is acquired by eating Trichinella-infected meat products. The disease has variable clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic to fatal. In the United States, trichinellosis has caused hundreds of preventable cases of illness and occasional deaths. The national trichinellosis surveillance system has documented a steady decline in the reported incidence of this disease, as well as a change in its epidemiology. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: This report summarizes surveillance data for trichinellosis in the United States for 1997-2001. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: Trichinellosis became a nationally reportable disease in 1966, but statistics have been kept on the disease since 1947. The national trichinellosis surveillance system is a passive system that relies on existing resources at the local, state, and federal levels. Cases are diagnosed based on clinical history with laboratory confirmation. Cases are reported weekly to CDC through the National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance (NETSS). Detailed data regarding signs and symptoms, diagnostic tests, and food consumption are gathered by using a supplementary standardized surveillance form and are reported to CDC by fax or mail. This information is compared with NETSS data several times a year by CDC staff. Discrepancies are reviewed with the state health departments. The purpose of the surveillance system is to determine the incidence of trichinellosis, to maintain awareness of the disease, to monitor epidemiologic changes, to identify outbreaks, to guide prevention efforts, and to measure the effectiveness of those efforts. RESULTS: Although trichinellosis was associated historically with eating Trichinella-infected pork from domesticated sources, wild game meat was the most common source of infection during 1997-2001. During this 5-year period, 72 cases were reported to CDC. Of these, 31 (43%) cases were associated with eating wild game: 29 with bear meat, one with cougar meat, and one with wild boar meat. In comparison, only 12 (17%) cases were associated with eating commercial pork products, including four cases traced to a foreign source. Nine (13%) cases were associated with eating noncommercial pork from home-raised or direct-from-farm swine where U.S. commercial pork production industry standards and Regulations do not apply. INTERPRETATIONS: The majority of the decline in reported trichinellosis cases is a result of improved observance of standards and regulations in the U.S. commercial pork industry, which has altered animal husbandry practices resulting in reduced Trichinella prevalence among swine. PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIONS: Because of the change in epidemiology of trichinellosis and the continued occurrence of cases among consumers of wild game meat and noncommercial pork, more targeted public education is needed to further reduce the incidence of this disease.

Trichinellosis

Trichinellosis
Author: Charles E. Tanner,Antonio R. Martinez-Fernandez,Francisco Bolas-Fernandez
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 507
Release: 1989
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Trichinella spiralis
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trichinellosis Book Excerpt:

FAO WHO OIE guidelines for the surveillance management prevention and control of trichinellosis

FAO WHO OIE guidelines for the surveillance  management  prevention and control of trichinellosis
Author: Jean Dupouy-Camet
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9789251054130
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

FAO WHO OIE guidelines for the surveillance management prevention and control of trichinellosis Book Excerpt:

Trichinella Trichinellosis

Trichinella   Trichinellosis
Author: Vlado Teodorović,Olivera Bunčić,Zoran Kulišić,Brana Radenković-Damnjanović,Radislava Teodorović,Milutin Đorđević,Milorad Mirilović
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007
ISBN: 9788684153939
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trichinella Trichinellosis Book Excerpt:

Trichinellosis

Trichinellosis
Author: Z. Kozar
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 344
Release: 1962
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Trichinosis
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trichinellosis Book Excerpt:

Host Responses to Experimental Trichinellosis in Raptors and Quail

Host Responses to Experimental Trichinellosis in Raptors and Quail
Author: Alan Robert Titche
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 492
Release: 1984
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Birds
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Host Responses to Experimental Trichinellosis in Raptors and Quail Book Excerpt:

Parasites and Parasitic Diseases

Parasites and Parasitic Diseases
Author: Gilberto Antonio Bastidas Pacheco
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 98
Release: 2019-04-24
ISBN: 1838801278
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Parasites and Parasitic Diseases Book Excerpt:

Parasitic diseases are considered nowadays as an important public health problem due to the high morbidity and mortality rates registered in the world. These diseases result in more severe consequences for the social order of tropical and subtropical countries because many of them have low economic income that makes it even more difficult to design and implement health control programs. This situation opens the door to the emergence and reemergence of these diseases; therefore, it is convenient, necessary, and essential to study and update the epidemiological behavior of tropical diseases with the objective of offering official health professionals and institutions current information for decision-making in this area to ensure social welfare.

Risk based examples and approach for control of Trichinella spp and Taenia saginata in meat

Risk based examples and approach for control of Trichinella spp  and Taenia saginata in meat
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations ,World Health Organization
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2020-11-03
ISBN: 9251335176
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risk based examples and approach for control of Trichinella spp and Taenia saginata in meat Book Excerpt:

Human trichinellosis is caused by the consumption of raw or inadequately treated meat from domestic or game animals containing the larvae of parasites of the Trichinella species. Taenia saginata causes bovine cysticercosis, a parasitic disease of cattle, by the larval stage (Cysticercus bovis) of the human tapeworm Taenia saginata. Taeniosis, infection of humans with the adult tapeworm, ocurrs following consumption of beef with cysticerci that has not been sufficiently heated or frozen to kill the parasite. This report provides the spreadsheet models resulted in effective generation of the quantitative information needed by public health officials when evaluating different postmortem meat hygiene programmes for Trichinella spp. and Taenia saginata in meat. The models enable the development of science-based risk scenarios to assess the effect of various changes to digestion testing and meat inspection for Trichinella spp. and Taenia saginata on the residual risk of human trichinellosis and taeniosis. The outcome of estimation is based on changes in relative risks rather than specific estimates of risk.

Molecular Epidemiology of Trichinellosis in Lithuania and Biological Characteristics of Trichinella Genotypes in Rat

Molecular Epidemiology of Trichinellosis in Lithuania and Biological Characteristics of Trichinella Genotypes in Rat
Author: Alvydas Malakauskas
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9788791260025
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Epidemiology of Trichinellosis in Lithuania and Biological Characteristics of Trichinella Genotypes in Rat Book Excerpt:

Trichinosis

Trichinosis
Author: Bill Foreyt
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 58
Release: 2013
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Trichinosis
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trichinosis Book Excerpt:

"Trichinosis, or trichinellosis, is one of the most widespread global parasitic diseases of humans and animals. This ancient disease is caused by the larval stage of parasitic roundworms (nematodes) in the genus Trichinella. Often called the "trichina worm, " this parasite is considered to be the king of the parasite community, because it has adapted to an extremely wide range of hosts including domestic animals, wildlife, and humans. Trichinella spiralis is the usual cause of the disease in humans, but humans and many other mammals, birds, and reptiles also can be infected with other species or strains of Trichinella. Regardless of climate and environments, a wide variety of hosts on most continents are infected. Trichinella is transmitted through the ingestion of infected meat, primarily through predation or cannibalism of raw meat, and this ensures survival of the parasite in a wide variety of hosts. Humans become infected only by eating improperly cooked meat that contains infective larvae. While most people have only mild symptoms after infection, when high numbers of larvae are ingested trichinosis can cause serious disease, as well as death. Although trichinosis has been historically associated with pork, it is now emerging as a more widespread food-borne zoonosis as the consumption of wild game meat increases."--Summary.