Turbulence In Coastal And Civil Engineering

Turbulence In Coastal And Civil Engineering
Author: Sumer B Mutlu,Fuhrman David R
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 760
Release: 2020-03-23
ISBN: 9813234326
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Turbulence In Coastal And Civil Engineering Book Excerpt:

Advances In Coastal And Ocean Engineering Vol 8 Interaction Of Strong Turbulence With Free Surfaces

Advances In Coastal And Ocean Engineering  Vol 8  Interaction Of Strong Turbulence With Free Surfaces
Author: Maurizio Brocchini,Philip L F Liu,D Howell Peregrine
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2002-04-17
ISBN: 9814488534
Category: Technology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances In Coastal And Ocean Engineering Vol 8 Interaction Of Strong Turbulence With Free Surfaces Book Excerpt:

This book is a useful source of ideas and information for scientists whose work involves understanding and modelling turbulent flows with free surfaces. It has the following merits: (1) It provides a framework for developing the analysis of this field, which, although important, has received only limited study; (2) It recognizes the importance of the two-phase nature of strongly disturbed free surface flows, with both natural and technological applications; (3) It suggests possible lines of future research (especially experimental) to quantify the characteristics of flow regimes which are mainly known qualitatively at present.

Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering

Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering
Author: M. Brocchini
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9812705295
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering Book Excerpt:

This book is a useful source of ideas and information for scientists whose work involves understanding and modelling turbulent flows with free surfaces. It has the following merits: (1) It provides a framework for developing the analysis of this field, which, although important, has received only limited study; (2) It recognizes the importance of the two-phase nature of strongly disturbed free surface flows, with both natural and technological applications; (3) It suggests possible lines of future research (especially experimental) to quantify the characteristics of flow regimes which are mainly known qualitatively at present.

Advances on Testing and Experimentation in Civil Engineering

Advances on Testing and Experimentation in Civil Engineering
Author: Carlos Chastre,José Neves,Diogo Ribeiro,Maria Graça Neves,Paulina Faria
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2022-09-18
ISBN: 3031058755
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances on Testing and Experimentation in Civil Engineering Book Excerpt:

The book presents the recent advances on testing and experimentation in civil engineering, especially in the branches of geotechnics, transportation, hydraulics, and natural resources. It includes advances in physical modelling, monitoring techniques, data acquisition and analysis, and provides an invaluable contribution for the installation of new civil engineering experimental facilities. The first part of the book covers the latest advances in testing and experimentation in key domains of geotechnics: soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering, rock mechanics and rock engineering, and engineering geology. Some of the topics covered include new developments in topographic survey acquisition for applied mapping and in situ geotechnical investigations; laboratory and in situ tests to estimate the relevant parameters needed to model the behaviour of rock masses and land structures; monitoring and inspection techniques designed for offshore wind foundations. The second part of the book highlights the relevance of testing and monitoring in transportation. Full-scale accelerated pavement testing, and instrumentation becomes even more important nowadays when, for sustainability purposes, non-traditional materials are used in road and airfield pavements. Innovation in testing and monitoring pavements and railway tracks is also developed in this part of the book. Intelligent traffic systems are the new traffic management paradigm, and an overview of new solutions is addressed here. Finally, in the third part of the book, trends in the field and laboratory measurements and corresponding data analysis are presented according to the different hydraulic domains addressed in this publication, namely maritime hydraulics, surface water and river hydraulics and urban water.

Numerical Modeling Of Tsunami Waves

Numerical Modeling Of Tsunami Waves
Author: Juan J Horrillo,William R Knight,Zygmunt Kowalik
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2021-10-26
ISBN: 9811242356
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Numerical Modeling Of Tsunami Waves Book Excerpt:

This monograph aims at presenting a unified approach to numerical modeling of tsunami as long waves based on finite difference methods for 1D, 2D and 3D generation processes, propagation, and runup. Many practical examples give insight into the relationship between long wave physics and numerical solutions and allow readers to quickly pursue and develop specific topics in greater depth. The aim of this book is to start from basics and then continue into applications. This approach should serve well the needs of researchers and students of physics, physical oceanography, ocean/civil engineers, computer science, and emergency management staff. Chapter 2 is particularly valuable as it fully describes the application of finite-difference methods to the study of long waves by demonstrating how physical properties of water waves, especially phase velocity, are connected to the chosen numerical algorithm. Basic notions of numerical methods, i.e. approximation of the relevant differential equations, stability of the numerical scheme, and computational errors are explained through application to long waves. Finite-difference methods are further developed in major chapters to deal with complex problems that arise in the study of recent tsunamis.

Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering

Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering
Author: Philip L. F. Liu
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 263
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9810233108
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering Book Excerpt:

This volume consists of five excellent review papers. In the first paper, ?A Review of Coastal Wave Modeling: The Physical and Mathematical Problems?, N E Huang presents a summary of the state-of-the-art of wave modeling in deep waters. He points out several shortcomings in existing modeling approaches and expresses the urgent need for developing a statistical theory of surface waves in shallow waters. Huang believes that the statistical theory can be formulated as the soliton turbulence. He also points out other important issues in wave modeling, including the air-sea interaction processes, and the physics of the wave-current and dissipation processes. In the second paper A C Radder focuses his discussion on the ?Hamiltonian Dynamics of Water Waves?. He demonstrates that the Hamiltonian theory of surface waves can be formulated in terms of surface elevation and the velocity potential at the free surface as canonical variables. Several evolution equations, can be readily obtained. Radder also points out the need to develop a stochastic wave model in the shallow-water environment.The maximum runup is arguably the single most important parameter in the design of coastal structures and for the evaluation of the inundation potential of storm surges and tsunamis. C E Synolakis presents a thorough review of the ?Exact Solutions of Shallow-Water Wave Equations?. For a single sloping beach, the evolution and runup of solitary, dipole, N and cnoidal waves are discussed. These solutions are then extended to more practical problems.The last two papers concern the flow and sediment motions near the seafloor. In their paper, ?Boundary Layer and Sediment Dynamics Under Sea Waves?, P Blondeaux and G Vittori give an expert review of the recent contributions on the understanding of the interaction of the coherent vortex with cohesionless or partially cohesive sediments in a boundary layer. The formation and development of small-scale bedforms in the coastal regions are also discussed. Finally, in ?Wave Scour Around Structures?, B M Sumer and J Freds?e review the scouring processes around various types of structures. Many recent experimental data and theoretical developments are presented.

Advances in Fluid Modeling Turbulence Measurements

Advances in Fluid Modeling   Turbulence Measurements
Author: Hisashi Ninokata,Akira Wada
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 888
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9810249314
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Fluid Modeling Turbulence Measurements Book Excerpt:

This book is an essential reference for engineers and scientists working in the field of turbulence. It covers a variety of applications, such as: turbulence measurements; mathematical and numerical modeling of turbulence; thermal hydraulics; applications for civil, mechanical and nuclear engineering; environmental fluid mechanics; river and open channel flows; coastal problems; ground water.

Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering

Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering
Author: Philip L-F Liu
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 288
Release: 1996-07-03
ISBN: 9814499838
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering Book Excerpt:

This volume contains six papers discussing coastal processes, and physical and numerical modeling. In the first paper, Svendsen and Putrevu give an extensive review on the state of understanding of surf-zone hydrodynamics, including subjects such as wave breaking, wave-induced currents, and instability of nearshore currents and infragravity waves. They point out that the most urgent need is to develop an adequate theory for wave breaking and broken waves in the surf zone. One of the methods for studying the complex coastal processes is to perform laboratory experiments. However, physical models are always plagued by scale and laboratory effects, because the coastal process involves many different length and time scales. In the second paper, Kamphuis presents a detailed discussion on the sources and implications of the scale and laboratory effects on physical modeling. The third and the fourth papers are two parts of the discussion on the mathematical modeling of the meso-tidal barrier island coasts. To understand the dynamics of coastal inlet systems, one can either rely on empirical knowledge and construct various forms of empirical and semi-empirical models (Part I), or develop a set of mathematical models based on the physical processes (Part II). Although these models do not provide the details of the dynamics, they give valuable knowledge of the equilibrium-state relationships. de Vriend and Ribberink give a detailed review on two models, Initial Sedimentation/Erosion models and Medium-Term Morphodynamic models. They have also presented many examples of applications. In the fifth paper, Houston gives a brief review on different methods to mitigate beach loss caused by storms or persistent long-term erosion. He then describes, in detail, the method of beach nourishment, which is also called a beach fill. This paper discusses the information that must be collected to design a beach fill and that should be monitored after the completion of the project. The last paper of this volume shifts our attention to the design of offshore structures, such as gravity structures, floating barges and tankers. Chakrabarti discusses the effects of the uniform and shear currents on fixed and floating structures. Contents:Surf Zone Hydrodynamics (Ib A Svendsen & U Putrevn)Physical Modeling of Coastal Processes (J W Kamphuis)Mathematical Modeling of Meso-Tidal Barrier Island Coasts. Part I: Empirical and Semi-Empirical Models (H J de Vriend)Mathematical Modeling of Meso-Tidal Barrier Island Coasts. Part II: Process-Based Simulation Models (H J de Vriend & J S Ribberink)Beach-Fill Design (J R Houston)Shear Current and Its Effects on Fixed and Floating Structures (S K Chakrabarti) Readership: Researchers and engineers. keywords:Beach Loss;Beach Nourishment;Beach Fill;Coastal Engineering;Shore Protection;Reclamation of Land Coasts;Coastal Engineering;Oceanography;Ocean Engineering;Coastal Structures;Ocean Current;Loads;Fixed Structures;Floating Structures;Hydrodynamics;Physical Modeling;Mathematical Modeling;Tides;Testing;Waves

Advances in Coastal Hydraulics

Advances in Coastal Hydraulics
Author: Panchang Vijay,Kaihatu James M
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2018-06-19
ISBN: 9813231297
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Coastal Hydraulics Book Excerpt:

Advances in Coastal Hydraulics contains twelve papers that report on recent developments in several areas of coastal hydraulics. The papers, written by well-regarded authors, cover interesting topics such as the interaction of groundwater and coastal waters, the use of remote sensing for coastal applications, erosion in Arctic environments, the impact of marine vegetation on coastal hydrodynamics, new methods to examine the reliability of breakwater design, the development of marine kinetic energy, and methods for modeling coastal processes as well as their applications to small and large scales, such as a harbor in Hawaii (for design) and the extensive coast of India (for examining the effects of tsunamis and sea level rise). The developments presented in this book could serve not only as a reference book, but also as a starting point for new endeavors in the respective topics.

Modeling Marine Systems

Modeling Marine Systems
Author: A. M. Davies
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2018-01-18
ISBN: 1351083155
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling Marine Systems Book Excerpt:

This two-volume reference presents a series of review and research articles on advances in computing, marine physics, and remote sensing and addresses their importance to shallow sea modeling. Intended as a tribute to Dr. Norman Heaps, topics in the book reflect the range and diversity of his work, as well as his influence on international marine science. Topics discussed include numerical techniques, flow in homogenous sea regions, stratified flows, lake regimes, validation of numerical models, remote sensing as a method to collect oceanographic data at the sea surface, and bottom boundary modeling. Marine scientists actively involved in mathematical modeling and scientists who are interested in using models as tools to gain more insight and understanding of the processes they are observing will find this text useful.

Recent Research Advances in the Fluid Mechanics of Turbulent Jets and Plumes

Recent Research Advances in the Fluid Mechanics of Turbulent Jets and Plumes
Author: P.A. Davies,M.J. Valente Neves
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401109184
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Research Advances in the Fluid Mechanics of Turbulent Jets and Plumes Book Excerpt:

Challenging problems involvrllg jet and plume phenomena are common to many areas of fundamental and applied scientific research, and an understanding of plume and jet behaviour is essential in many geophysical and industrial contexts. For example, in the field of meteorology, where pollutant dispersal takes place by means of atmospheric jets and plumes formed either naturally under conditions of convectively-driven flow in the atmospheric boundary layer, or anthropogenically by the release of pollutants from tall chimneys. In other fields of geophysics, buoyant plumes and jets are known to play important roles in oceanic mixing processes, both at the relatively large scale (as in deep water formation by convective sinking) and at the relatively small scale (as with plume formation beneath ice leads, for example). In the industrial context, the performances of many engineering systems are determined primarily by the behaviour of buoyant plumes and jets. For example, (i) in sea outfalls, where either sewage or thermal effluents are discharged into marine and/or freshwater environments, (ii) in solar ponds, where buoyant jets are released under density interfaces, (iii) in buildings, where thermally-generated plumes affect the air quality and ventilation properties of architectural environments, (iv) in rotating machinery where fluid jet~ are used for cooling purposes, and (v) in long road and rail tunnels, where safety and ventilation prcedures rely upon an understanding of the behaviour of buoyant jets. In many other engineering and oceanographic contexts, the properties of jets and plumes are of great importance.

Advances In Hydraulics And Water Engineering Volumes I Ii Proceedings Of The 13th Iahr apd Congress

Advances In Hydraulics And Water Engineering  Volumes I   Ii   Proceedings Of The 13th Iahr apd Congress
Author: John Junke Guo
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 1152
Release: 2002-07-18
ISBN: 981448797X
Category: Technology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances In Hydraulics And Water Engineering Volumes I Ii Proceedings Of The 13th Iahr apd Congress Book Excerpt:

This book presents a wide range of recent advances in hydraulics and water engineering. It contains four sections: hydraulics and open channel flow; hydrology, water resources management and hydroinformatics; maritime hydraulics; ecohydraulics and water quality management. World authorities such as Mike Abbot, I Nezu, A J Metha, M Garcia and P Y Julien have contributed to the book.

Turbulence in River and Maritime Hydraulics

Turbulence in River and Maritime Hydraulics
Author: Michele Mossa,Donatella Termini,Peter A. Davies
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2019-03-08
ISBN: 303897594X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Turbulence in River and Maritime Hydraulics Book Excerpt:

Understanding of the role of turbulence in controlling transport processes is of paramount importance for the preservation and protection of aquatic ecosystems, the minimization of the deleterious consequences of anthropogenic activity, and the successful sustainable development of river and maritime areas. In this context, the present Special Issue collects 15 papers which provide a representation of the present understanding of turbulent processes and their effects in river and maritime environments. The presented collection of papers is not exhaustive, but it highlights the key priority areas and knowledge gaps in this field of research. The published papers present the state-of-the-art knowledge of complex environmental flows which are useful for researchers and practitioners. The paper contents are an overview of some recent topics of research and an exposure of the current and future challenges associated with these topics.

Marine Turbulence

Marine Turbulence
Author: Helmut Z. Baumert,John Simpson,John H. Simpson,Jürgen Sündermann
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 664
Release: 2005-04-04
ISBN: 9780521837897
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Turbulence Book Excerpt:

This book gives a comprehensive overview of marine turbulence and mixing for students, scientists, engineers.

Environmental Design Guidelines for Low Crested Coastal Structures

Environmental Design Guidelines for Low Crested Coastal Structures
Author: Stephen J. Hawkins,Hans Falk Burcharth,Barbara Zanuttigh,Alberto Lamberti
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2010-07-07
ISBN: 9780080555829
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Design Guidelines for Low Crested Coastal Structures Book Excerpt:

The effect of manmade activities is primarily local but can extend far away from the location of intervention. This underlines the importance of establishing coastal zone management plans covering large stretches of coastlines. In recent years, interest in Low Crested Structures (coastal defense structures with a low-crest) has been growing together with awareness of the sensitivity to environmental impacts produced by coastal defenses. The relation between wave climate, beach erosion, beach defence means, habitat changes and beach value, which clearly exists based on EC research results, suggests the necessity of an integrated approach when designing coastal protection schemes. In accordance with this need, the present design guidelines cover structure stability and construction problems, hydro and morphodynamic effects, environmental effects (colonisation of the structure and water quality), societal and economic impacts (recreational benefits, swimming safety, beach quality). Environmental Design Guidelines for Low Crested Coastal Structures is specifically dedicated to Low Crested Structures, and provides methodological tools both for the engineering design of structures and for the prediction of performance and environmental impacts of such structures. A briefing of current best practice for local and national planning authorities, statutory agencies and other stakeholders in the coastal zone is also covered. Presented in a generic way, this book is appropriate throughout the European Union, taking into account current European Commission policy and directives for the promotion of sustainable development and integrated coastal zone management. Fills the gap between engineering and ecology in coastal defense planning Shows the reader how to perform an integrated design of coastal defense schemes Presents latest insights on hydro-morphodynamics induced by structures Provides directly applicable tools for the design of low crested structures Highlights socio-economic perspectives in coastal defense design

Advances in Water Resources Hydraulic Engineering

Advances in Water Resources   Hydraulic Engineering
Author: Changkuan Zhang,Hongwu Tang
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 2284
Release: 2010-07-28
ISBN: 3540894659
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Water Resources Hydraulic Engineering Book Excerpt:

"Advances in Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering - Proceedings of 16th IAHR-APD Congress and 3rd Symposium of IAHR-ISHS" discusses some serious problems of sustainable development of human society related to water resources, disaster caused by flooding or draught, environment and ecology, and introduces latest research in river engineering and fluvial processes, estuarine and coastal hydraulics, hydraulic structures and hydropower hydraulics, etc. The proceedings covers new research achievements in the Asian-Pacific region in water resources, environmental ecology, river and coastal engineering, which are especially important for developing countries all over the world. This proceedings serves as a reference for researchers in the field of water resources, water quality, water pollution and water ecology. Changkuan Zhang and Hongwu Tang both are professors at Hohai University, China.

Fluvial Environmental and Coastal Developments in Hydraulic Engineering

Fluvial  Environmental and Coastal Developments in Hydraulic Engineering
Author: Michele Mossa,Youichi Yasuda,Hubert Chanson
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2002-12-05
ISBN: 1482259893
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fluvial Environmental and Coastal Developments in Hydraulic Engineering Book Excerpt:

Comprising the Proceedings of the International Workshop on State-of-the-Art Hydraulic Engineering held in Bari, Italy on 16-19 February 2004, this volume presents an in-depth investigation of the energy loss of skimming flows under a range of discharges, step and dam heights, and channel slopes. Including a wealth of information, the volume is divided into the following key sections: air-water flows and transitional flows; stepped chute and transitional flows; environmental and coastal hydraulics with dispersion in estuaries and jets; and transitional flows. Fluvial, Environmental and Coastal Developments in Hydraulic Engineering constitutes a comprehensive and systematic analysis of topics, including certain findings and discussions which are virtually unprecedented in hydraulic literature. As such, the volume is undoubtedly an important one, and will prove to be of particular interest to scientists and students of hydraulics and fluid mechanics, engineers, and specialists in the field of environmental protection.

Turbulence Models for Computational Fluid Dynamics

Turbulence Models for Computational Fluid Dynamics
Author: M. Salih KIRKGÖZ,M. Sami AKÖZ
Publsiher: Akademisyen Kitabevi
Total Pages: 24
Release: 2021-06-15
ISBN: 6257409632
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Turbulence Models for Computational Fluid Dynamics Book Excerpt:

Advances in Civil Engineering Materials

Advances in Civil Engineering Materials
Author: Mokhtar Awang,Lloyd Ling,Seyed Sattar Emamian
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2022
ISBN: 981168667X
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Civil Engineering Materials Book Excerpt:

This book presents selected articles from the 4th International Conference on Architecture and Civil Engineering 2021, held in Malaysia. Written by leading researchers and industry professionals, the papers highlight recent advances and addresses current issues in the fields of civil engineering and architecture.

Advances in Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Advances in Environmental Fluid Mechanics
Author: Dragutin T. Mihailovic
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 381
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9814293008
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Environmental Fluid Mechanics Book Excerpt:

Environmental fluid mechanics (EFM) is the scientific study of transport, dispersion and transformation processes in natural fluid flows on our planet Earth, from the microscale to the planetary scale. This book brings together scientists and engineers working in research institutions, universities and academia, who engage in the study of theoretical, modeling, measuring and software aspects in environmental fluid mechanics. It provides a forum for the participants, and exchanges new ideas and expertise through the presentations of up-to-date and recent overall achievements in this field.