Upgrading The Global Garment Industry

Author by : Mohammad B. Rana
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 593
File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Description : This timely book focuses on the upgrading of firms within the global garment industry, examining how garment manufacturers and retailers in different countries internationalize, develop their capabilities and enhance their sustainability. It highlights the important role the global garments industry plays in the socio-economic development and environmental outcomes of emerging economies.


Labor Rights Violation In Global Supply Chains

Author by : Nizar Shbikat
Languange : en
Publisher by : Nomos Verlag
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 936
File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Description : Der Autor wählt einen Multi-Stakeholder-Ansatz, um das Thema Arbeitsrechte in globalen Lieferketten zu untersuchen. Er analysiert potenzielle Ursachen für die Verletzung von Arbeitsrechten und schlägt dann einen neuartigen, partizipatorischen arbeitnehmerseitigen Ansatz zur Messung dieser Arbeitsrechtsverletzungen vor. Anschließend wird anhand von drei Fallstudien aus China, Bangladesch und Jordanien diskutiert, wie ArbeiterInnen und deren RepräsentantInnen die Verletzung von Rechten in einem kompetitiven Umfeld beseitigen und die Rechte von ArbeiterInnen und ArbeitnehmerInnen stärken können.


The Sociology Of Development Handbook

Author by : Gregory Hooks
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 487
File Size : 50,9 Mb
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Description : "This handbook brings together essays by leading contributors to development sociology by addressing intellectual challenges: internal and international migration, transformation of political regimes, globalization, changes in household and family formations, gender dynamics, technological change, population and economic growth, environmental sustainability, peace and war, and the production and reproduction of social and economic inequality. The Sociology of Development Handbook includes essays that reflect the range of debates in development sociology and in the interdisciplinary study and practice of development"--Provided by publisher.


A Data Centric Approach To Breaking The Fdi Trap Through Integration In Global Value Chains

Author by : Jolta Kacani
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 82
Total Download : 498
File Size : 54,8 Mb
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Description : This book reveals the hidden potential of emerging economies to become the new industrial hubs in existing global value chains. Pursuing a data-centric approach, it investigates the presence of foreign direct investment as an instrument for emerging economies to promote active participation in global value chains. This approach is based on time series analyses conducted at the national and industry level, and on datasets retrieved from international databases such as EORA, ICIO, and World Integrated Solutions. The outcomes of robust statistical models indicate that export-related innovations can improve trade openness and transform emerging economies into active players in global value chains. Researchers, developers, and professionals in the field will find a comprehensive and self-contained guide to the topic.


Labor Global Supply Chains And The Garment Industry In South Asia

Author by : Sanchita Saxena
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 878
File Size : 54,6 Mb
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Description : This book argues that larger flaws in the global supply chain must first be addressed to change the way business is conducted to prevent factory owners from taking deadly risks to meet clients’ demands in the garment industry in Bangladesh. Using the 2013 Rana Plaza disaster as a departure point, and to prevent such tragedies from occurring in the future, this book presents an interdisciplinary analysis to address the disaster which resulted in a radical change in the functioning of the garment industry. The chapters present innovative ways of thinking about solutions that go beyond third-party monitoring. They open up possibilities for a renewed engagement of international brands and buyers within the garment sector, a focus on direct worker empowerment using technology, the role of community-based movements, developing a model of change through enforceable contracts combined with workers movements, and a more productive and influential role for both factory owners and the government. This book makes key interventions and rethinks the approaches that have been taken until now and proposes suggestions for the way forward. It engages with international brands, the private sector, and civil society to strategize about the future of the industry and for those who depend on it for their livelihood. A much-needed review and evaluation of the many initiatives that have been set up in Bangladesh in the wake of Rana Plaza, this book is a valuable addition to academics in the fields of development studies, gender and women’s studies, human rights, poverty and practice, political science, economics, sociology, anthropology, and South Asian studies.


Local Dynamics Of Industrial Upgrading

Author by : Yi Liu
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 758
File Size : 46,8 Mb
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Description : This book examines industrial upgrading in China’s Pearl River Delta (PRD), with a specific focus on how strategic coupling impacts industrial upgrading from the perspective of relational economic geography. It shows that firms in the PRD have been struggling after serving as low-tier suppliers and subcontractors for transnational corporations for two decades, since the 1980s opening reform in China. Indigenous innovation and direct state support have fostered the success of a few firms, but not the majority. In response, many local firms are now taking advantage of the opportunities to be found in global production networks, which link the PRD with the global economy. This book elaborates on how these opportunities are embedded and identified in global production networks with regard to different types of strategic coupling. It not only renews the theory of strategic coupling in economic geography, but also demonstrates potential strategies that latecomer firms can pursue, and which can have major implications for many developing countries and regions.


Economic And Social Upgrading In Global Production Networks

Author by : Arianna Rossi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 917
File Size : 41,6 Mb
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Description : The conditions under which social upgrading, i.e., the process of improvements in the rights and entitlements of workers as social actors by enhancing the quality of their employment, takes place in global production networks [GPNs] have not been sufficiently explored. This research addresses the following research questions: how is social upgrading defined? Under which conditions does social upgrading occur? How does economic upgrading influence social upgrading? How does the local and global social and institutional context influence social upgrading opportunities? First, the thesis establishes a definition and categorisation of social upgrading. Then, it answers these questions by analysing the empirical case study of the garment industry in Morocco. The analysis of key informant interviews, semi-structured interviews with factory managers and focus group discussions with workers shows that participation in GPNs can deliver opportunities as well as challenges for developing country workers. The main argument and contribution of the thesis to the existing literature is that the attainment of social upgrading is hindered by the tension existing between commercial embeddedness and social embeddedness of GPNs. All actors in GPNs find themselves caught in between commercial dynamics and the subsequent need for competitiveness, and the need of considering workers as social agents with rights. In particular, supplier firms in developing countries have to respond to international buyers' pressures to lower costs, increase quality and productivity, as well as deliver products on short notice and with great flexibility. At the same time, they have to comply to labour standards set by national and international regulations and by private buyers' codes of conduct. These pressures are contradictory and create a critical dilemma for suppliers. Struggling to reconcile buyers' requirements and faced with this tension, they attempt to mitigate it by employing two types of workers: regular workers who guarantee high quality and continuity, and are the recipient of social upgrading; and irregular workers, who ensure low costs and a high degree of flexibility, and are largely excluded from social upgrading opportunities and are often socially downgraded. Therefore, participation in GPNs delivers a mix of social upgrading and downgrading depending on the type of worker under consideration.


Towards Better Work

Author by : A. Rossi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 410
File Size : 54,9 Mb
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Description : Globalization of production has created opportunities and challenges for developing country producers and workers. This volume provides solutions-oriented approaches for promoting improved working conditions and labour rights in the apparel industry.


Development Centre Studies Meeting The Challenge Of Private Sector Development Evidence From The Mekong Sub Region

Author by : Bonaglia Federico
Languange : en
Publisher by : OECD Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 432
File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Description : Explores how governments can help firms in developing countries better seize the opportunities created by globalisation and contribute to improving employment opportunities and poverty reduction.


Global Value Chains And The Missing Links

Author by : Saon Ray
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 970
File Size : 44,9 Mb
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Description : Global value chains (GVCs) are fraught with the phenomenon of fragmentation and dispersion of production across the world. India presents a unique example with its high potential in manufacturing capability but low integration in GVCs. This book examines the reasons why India has failed to integrate within GVCs so far and looks at key examples to understand the impediments in this process. The chapters bring together case studies from across the manufacturing industry – labour-intensive (garment, paper and diamond), capital-intensive (automobile and petrochemical), and knowledge-intensive (semi-conductor microchip, chemical and pharmaceutical) sectors. Together, they present stories of successful integration of some firms in GVCs as well as the difficulties faced by them. The volume also highlights the importance of GVCs in the context of developing countries in terms of benefits such as income and value generation, knowledge and technology collaborations, and advances in systems and processes. This book will interest scholars and researchers in economics, international trade studies, development economics and business management as well as to practitioners, policymakers, government officials, and those in the corporate sector.


Myanmar S Integration With The World

Author by : Prabir De
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 707
File Size : 42,6 Mb
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Description : This book comprehensively investigates the challenges to Myanmar’s access to the global market. Myanmar is a late entrant in the global trade and investment scenario after years of isolation. However, it has large untapped potentials for trade and investment in minerals, agro and forest based industries, other labour intensive industries, services like tourism, IT, etc. Different chapters of the book explore the implication of democratic transition of Myanmar, the progress of Myanmar’s industry and infrastructure, its international linkages and feasible options for integrating more in regional economic groups and also analyses how far Myanmar could exploit the global value chain. Although a number of reports have discussed sector specific prospects of Myanmar, this book is an authoritative work on these aspects for policy planners, academicians, researchers as well as potential investors.


Business Innovation And Development In Emerging Economies

Author by : Irwan Trinugroho
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 815
File Size : 47,5 Mb
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Description : Business Innovation driven by the advancement of technology has dramatically changed the business landscape over recent years, not only in advanced countries but also in emerging markets. It is expected that business innovation could help achieve economic inclusion, which has been a global initiative over the last decade, creating opportunities for all people to benefit from the economic development. These proceedings provide an outlet for discussing the importance of business innovation, especially in emerging countries in helping to reach inclusive economies. The papers cover the subject areas management, accounting, finance, economics and social sciences.


Stitches To Riches

Author by : Gladys Lopez-Acevedo
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 393
File Size : 40,7 Mb
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Description : South Asia is in the midst of a demographic transition. For the next three decades, the growth of the region’s working age population will far outpace the growth of dependents. Close to one million individuals will enter the workforce every month. This large, economically active population can increase the region’s capacity to save and make crucial investments in physical capital, job training, and technological advancement. But for South Asia to realize these dividends, it must ensure that its working-age population is productively employed. As one of the most prominent labor-intensive industries in developing countries, apparel manufacturing is a prime contender. With around 4.7 million workers in the formal sector and another estimated 20.3 million informally employed (combined with textiles), apparel already constitutes close to 40 percent of manufacturing employment. And given that much of apparel production continues to be labor-intensive, the potential to create more and better jobs is immense. There is a huge window of opportunity now for South Asia, given that China, the dominant producer for the last ten years, has started to cede some ground due to higher wages. But the region faces strong competition from East Asia—with Cambodia, Indonesia, and Vietnam already pulling ahead. Plus the sector suffers from production inefficiencies and policy bottlenecks that have prevented it from achieving its potential. Against this backdrop, this report hopes to inform the debate by measuring the employment gains that the four most populous countries in South Asia—Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka (hereafter `SAR countries’)—can expect in this new environment of increased competition and scrutiny. Its main message is that it is important for South Asian economies to remove existing impediments and facilitate growth in apparel to capture more production and create more employment as wages rise in China. The successful manufacturers will be those who can supply a wide range of quality products to buyers rapidly and reliably—not just offer low costs.


Designing Integrated Industrial Policies Volume Ii

Author by : Shigeru Thomas Otsubo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 773
File Size : 47,6 Mb
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Description : Very little has been written on industrialization and deindustrialization in Asia and Africa. This reference work sheds illuminating light upon the industrial development in Asia and Africa. It also provides an in-depth look into China’s engagement and migrant labour in Africa. The book also addresses the roles of public-private partnership (PPP) and international development cooperation and how they are fundamental to industrialization in Asia and Africa. Designing Integrated Industrial Policies will be a very useful reference particularly as a how-to guide on industrial promotion and designing integrated industrial policies not only for economic growth and job creation but also for "inclusive" development. It comes with country cases and illustrates useful tools for industrial policy simulation and for evidence-based policy making through these concrete examples.


Industrialisation For Employment And Growth In India

Author by : R. Nagaraj
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
Total Download : 508
File Size : 55,5 Mb
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Description : Intensive study of small firms in industrial clusters and locations on how to create jobs and achieve Make in India goals.


The Dirty Side Of The Garment Industry

Author by : Nikolay Anguelov
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
Total Download : 595
File Size : 42,6 Mb
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Description : When thinking about lowering or changing consumption to lower carbon footprints, the obvious offenders come easily to mind: petroleum and petroleum products, paper and plastic, even food. But not clothes. Although the clothing industry is the second largest polluter after agriculture, most consumers do not think of clothes as a source of environmen


Global Value Chains And Production Networks

Author by : Fengru Cui
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 562
File Size : 52,7 Mb
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Description : Global Value Chains and Production Networks: Case Studies of Siemens and Huawei presents theories and frameworks that facilitate the evolution of GPN studies, from macro perspectives based on territory and industry to the use of micro (firm-level) data. The book explores these theories and frameworks through detailed case studies of two major corporations, Siemens and Huawei. With the GPN/GVC structure of Chinese firms not well known outside China, despite the growing importance of Chinese firms in the global economy, this guide plays a pivotal role in facilitating the use of data that promise to unlock economic cooperation and value. Emphasizes micro-data analytical models and their methodological underpinnings Illustrates how these data illuminate the economic structures of two comparable GPNs within highly divergent institutional contexts Suggests how companies can cooperate with foreign partners to enhance their global management capacity and reshape their advantages in international competition


Making Foreign Direct Investment Work For Sub Saharan Africa

Author by : Thomas Farole
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
Total Download : 501
File Size : 46,5 Mb
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Description : This book presents the results of a groundbreaking study on spillovers of knowledge and technology from global value-chain oriented foreign direct investment (FDI) in Sub-Saharan Africa, and discusses implications for policymakers hoping to harness the power of FDI for economic development.


Logistics And Retail Management

Author by : John Fernie
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kogan Page Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 770
File Size : 52,9 Mb
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Description : The 21st century has witnessed important changes in retail logistics. Supply chain managers are presented with key challenges as retailers have recognised the strategic role that supply chains play in cost reduction and customer service. The 4th edition of Logistics and Retail Management has been substantially updated to take account of these recent developments in retail logistics. Logistics and Retail Management provides the most up-to-date thinking in retail supply chain management, reflecting the changing needs of the global marketplace and the challenges faced by retailers in the 21st century. With contributions from acclaimed academics and practitioners, it covers global logistics, fashion logistics, e-logistics and green supply chains. The 4th edition features brand new chapters on supply chain management in international fashion and corporate social responsibility in the textile supply chain.


The New Asian Dragon

Author by : Henrik Schaumburg-Müller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Copenhagen Business School Press DK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
Total Download : 987
File Size : 55,9 Mb
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Description : This book is an exciting exploration of how firms in Vietnam have grown and developed their export strategies, contributing significantly to the country's amazing economic growth and poverty reduction. It is also a study of foreign firms' contributions, inter-cultural management, and strategies of linkages between local and transnational companies. The book provides new knowledge within international business and private sector development studies. It shows how cross-border economic organising can take place, for example, with global value chains in a country new to economic globalisation. The book is the outcome of research co-operation between two universities in Vietnam (National Economics University and Foreign Trade University) and two in Denmark (Copenhagen Business School and Aalborg University).


Globalisation And Trade

Author by : Oliver Morrissey
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
Total Download : 984
File Size : 40,9 Mb
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Description : The papers collected in this volume report the results of research on issues dealing with the failure of globalization to benefit poor countries. They explain how exports could be improved for these countries and reveal the role that UK supermarkets play in African poverty.


Synchronized Factories

Author by : Juan S. Blyde
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 237
File Size : 49,5 Mb
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Description : The objective of this report is to examine the extent to which countries in Latin America and the Caribbean participate in global value chains and what are the drivers of such participation. Production processes have been increasingly fragmented worldwide. For example, the production of the Boeing 787 Dreamliner involves 43 suppliers located in 135 locations around the globe. There are many examples like the Dreamliner, from the 451 parts that go into the iPod to the less technologically intensive but still widespread multi-country production of a Barbie doll. All this reflects significant changes in the way world production is being reorganized across national borders. That is, for many goods, production has become a multi-country process in which different stages are carried out in specialized plants in different parts of the world. Countries which specialize in different stages of the production process are thus linked by these global value chains. For developing countries, a clear opportunity from the continuous international fragmentation of production arises in the form of participating in activities that were virtually not opened to them in the past. Therefore, the international fragmentation of production provides opportunities for trade diversification, an issue that can be of particular importance for Latin America and the Caribbean as the region’s export base is in general highly concentrated in a few industries and particularly biased towards natural-resource intensive sectors. The aim is to identify whether there is policy space for implementing strategies that allow countries to improve their position in regional and global value chains.


The Beautiful Generation

Author by : Thuy Linh N. Tu
Languange : en
Publisher by : Duke University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 758
File Size : 50,5 Mb
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Description : Cultural study that examines Asian-American fashion designers and the rise of "Asian chic" in relation to globalization, labor markets, and identity formation.


A Global Perspective On The European Economic Crisis

Author by : Bruno Dallago
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 305
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description : The financial and economic crisis in Europe is not over, and the radically opposing strategies on how to proceed has only increased the complexity of problems in the region, revealing the shortcomings of the EU’s architecture. The European Union, perhaps for the first time in its history of more than seventy years, is being perceived as a threat to the financial and monetary stability of the world. A Global Perspective on the European Economic Crisis explores the connection between internal EU actions and institutions and the external factors that influence the ongoing response to the European crisis. With a unique collection of international and interdisciplinary essays, this book considers the complex macroeconomic and challenging political landscape of Europe, looking at how and why the European Union is untenable in its current state. The chapters outline what should be done to make the common currency area more resilient, and explain why external events are particularly problematic for the EU, ultimately offering suggestions for what Europeans should do in order to avoid harmful internal consequences. This volume confronts the causes of the crisis’ persistence, its economic and political consequences, and the impact of more recent events and policy decisions. It will be of interest to researchers and policy-makers keen to understand the EU relations and the influence of international organizations in the European economic crisis.


Labour In Global Value Chains In Asia

Author by : Dev Nathan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 126
File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description : This book brings together a set of studies on labour conditions in global value chains (GVCs) in a variety of sectors, ranging from labour-intensive sectors (garments, fresh fruits, tourism), to medium and high technology sectors (automobiles, electronics and telecom) and knowledge-intensive sectors (IT software services). The studies span a number of countries across Asia - Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. This book stands out for its grounded and detailed examination of both what is working and what is not working as Asian labour gets more embedded in global value chains. In trying to identify spaces for progressive action and policies in the current GVC-linked global work environment, the book goes against the grain in searching for an alternative to laissez faire forms of globalisation.


Commodity Chains And Global Capitalism

Author by : Gary Gereffi
Languange : en
Publisher by : ABC-CLIO
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 447
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description : Commodity chains link the processes of manufacturing that result in a final product available for individual consumption. This book explores the global commodity chains approach, which reformulates the basic conceptual categories for analysing patterns of global organisation and change.


Ecological Modernisation And Environmental Compliance

Author by : Shahpar Selim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 666
File Size : 55,6 Mb
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Description : Economic development that is environmentally, socially and ethically sound is at the forefront of contemporary debates all over the world. This is especially relevant to international trade where goods manufactured in least developed countries (LDCs) are being exported to developed countries (DCs) via international supply chains. This book looks at Bangladesh’s ready-made garments (RMG) industry – the seventh largest in the world — facing demands for environmental and social management according to standards set by consumers in environmentally progressive societies. Apart from these concerns not having found cultural or institutional resonance in Bangladesh, the pressures for cost reduction, on-time delivery and cheap labour in a highly competitive international market make the problem that much more complex. In this book Selim uses the analytical framework provided by the ecological modernisation theory to examine the economic, communicative and social political aspects of ethical trade, and argues that the economy-ecology relationship can indeed be a positive sum game if nation-states and economic actors change their policymaking styles and greening behaviour to take advantage of scientific evidence and green technological opportunities.