Urban Ecology

Urban Ecology
Author: Kevin J. Gaston
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2010
ISBN: 019956356X
Category: City planning
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Ecology Book Excerpt:

"This is the urban century in which, for the first time, the majority of people live in towns and cities. Understanding how people influence, and are influenced by, the 'green' component of these environments is therefore of enormous significance. Providing an overview of the essentials of urban ecology, the book begins by covering the vital background concepts of the urbanisation process and the effect that it can have on ecosystem functions and services. Later sections are devoted to examining how species respond to urbanisation, the many facets of human-ecology interactions, and the issues surrounding urban planning and the provision of urban green spaces. Drawing on examples from urban settlements around the world, it highlights the progress to date in this burgeoning field, as well as the challenges that lie ahead"--Provided by publisher.

Urban Ecology

Urban Ecology
Author: Pramit Verma,Pardeep Singh,Rishikesh Singh,A. S. Raghubanshi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2020-07-14
ISBN: 0128207310
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Ecology Book Excerpt:

Urban Ecology covers the latest theoretical and applied concepts in urban ecological research. This book covers the key environmental issues of urban ecosystems as well as the human-centric issues, particularly those of governance, economics, sociology and human health. The goal of Urban Ecology is to challenge readers’ thinking around urban ecology from a resource-based approach to a holistic and applied field for sustainable development. There are seven major themes of the book: emerging urban concepts and urbanization, land use/land cover change, urban social-ecological systems, urban environment, urban material balance, smart, healthy and sustainable cities and sustainable urban design. Within each section, key concepts such as monitoring the urbanization phenomena, land use cover, urban soil fluxes, urban metabolism, pollution and human health and sustainable cities are covered. Urban Ecology serves as a comprehensive and advanced book for students, researchers, practitioners and policymakers in urban ecology and urban environmental research, planning and practice. Includes global case studies from over 14 countries, providing a first-hand account of recent applications Covers the phenomena of sustainable transport, nutrient recovery and human health, among many others Examines environmental issues as well as social-ecological systems and governance

Perspectives in Urban Ecology

Perspectives in Urban Ecology
Author: Wilfried Endlicher
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2011-06-21
ISBN: 364217731X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perspectives in Urban Ecology Book Excerpt:

This book gives an interdisciplinary overview on urban ecology. Basic understanding of urban nature development and its social reception are discussed for the European Metropolitan Area of Berlin. Furthermore, we investigate specific consequences for the environment, nature and the quality of life for city dwellers due to profound changes such as climate change and the demographic and economic developments associated with the phenomena of shrinking cities. Actual problems of urban ecology should be discussed not only in terms of natural dimensions such as atmosphere, biosphere, pedosphere and hydrosphere but also in terms of social and cultural dimensions such as urban planning, residence and recreation, traffic and mobility and economic values. Our research findings focus on streets, new urban landscapes, intermediate use of brown fields and the relationships between urban nature and the well-being of city dwellers. Finally, the book provides a contribution to the international discussion on urban ecology.

Values and Challenges in Urban Ecology

Values and Challenges in Urban Ecology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 53
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Urban ecology (Biology)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Values and Challenges in Urban Ecology Book Excerpt:

Urban Ecology Studies of the Amphibians and Reptiles in the City of Plovdiv Bulgaria

Urban Ecology Studies of the Amphibians and Reptiles in the City of Plovdiv  Bulgaria
Author: Ivelin A. Mollov
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2019-09-12
ISBN: 1527539881
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Ecology Studies of the Amphibians and Reptiles in the City of Plovdiv Bulgaria Book Excerpt:

This book summarizes all available knowledge about the species composition and spatial distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the city of Plovdiv, in South Bulgaria. It also traces the dynamics of their populations and communities, along the urban-to-rural gradient, in order to determine their frequency of occurrence in time and the Important Herpetological Areas in the city. The book also provides additional ecological, zoogeographical and conservational data to further its points. It is the first comprehensive study on the urban ecology of amphibians and reptiles in the city of Plovdiv.

Ecology Planning and Management of Urban Forests

Ecology  Planning  and Management of Urban Forests
Author: Margaret M. Carreiro,Yong-Chang Song,Jianguo Wu
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2007-10-31
ISBN: 0387714251
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecology Planning and Management of Urban Forests Book Excerpt:

Trees and vegetation in cities aren’t just there to make the place look pretty. They have an important ecological function. This book contains studies and perspectives on urban forests from a broad array of basic and applied scientific disciplines including ecosystem ecology, biogeochemistry, landscape ecology, plant community ecology, geography, and social science. The book includes contributions from experts around the world, allowing the reader to evaluate methods and management that are appropriate for particular geographic, environmental, and socio-political contexts.

Understanding Urban Ecosystems

Understanding Urban Ecosystems
Author: Alan R. Berkowitz,Charles H. Nilon,Karen S. Hollweg
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2006-05-29
ISBN: 038722615X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Urban Ecosystems Book Excerpt:

Nowhere on Earth is the challenge for ecological understanding greater, and yet more urgent, than in those parts of the globe where human activity is most intense - cities. People need to understand how cities work as ecological systems so they can take control of the vital links between human actions and environmental quality, and work for an ecologically and economically sustainable future. An ecosystem approach integrates biological, physical and social factors and embraces historical and geographical dimensions, providing our best hope for coping with the complexity of cities. This book is a first of its kind effort to bring together leaders in the biological, physical and social dimensions of urban ecosystem research with leading education researchers, administrators and practitioners, to show how an understanding of urban ecosystems is vital for urban dwellers to grasp the fundamentals of ecological and environmental science, and to understand their own environment.

Urban Ecosystems

Urban Ecosystems
Author: Robert A. Francis,Michael A. Chadwick
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2013-03-12
ISBN: 1136479708
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Ecosystems Book Excerpt:

With over half of the global human population living in urban regions, urban ecosystems may now represent the contemporary and future human environment. Consisting of green space and the built environment, they harbour a wide range of species, yet are not well understood. This book aims to review what is currently known about urban ecosystems in a short and approachable text that will serve as a key resource for teaching and learning related to the urban environment. It covers both physical and biotic components of urban ecosystems, key ecological processes, and the management of ecological resources, including biodiversity conservation. All chapters incorporate case studies, boxes and questions for stimulating discussions in the learning environment.

Urban Ecosystem Justice

Urban Ecosystem Justice
Author: Scott Kellogg
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2021-09-23
ISBN: 1000450678
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Ecosystem Justice Book Excerpt:

Merging together the fields of urban ecology, environmental justice, and urban environmental education, Urban Ecosystem Justice promotes building fair, accessible, and mutually beneficial relationships between citizens and the soils, water, atmospheres, and biodiversity in their cities. This book provides a framework for re-centering issues of justice and fairness in sustainability discourse while challenging the profound ecological alienation experienced by urban residents. While the urban sustainability movement has had many successes in the past few decades, there remain areas for it to grow. For one, the benefits of sustainability have disproportionately benefited wealthier city residents, with concerns over equity, justice, and social sustainability frequently taking a back seat to economic and environmental considerations. Additionally, many city dwellers remain estranged from and unfamiliar with ecological processes, with urban environments often thought of as existing outside of nature or as hopelessly degraded. Through a citizen-centered lens, the book offers a guide to reconciling these issues by demonstrating how questions of equity, access, and justice apply to the biophysical dimensions of the urban ecosystem: soil, water, air, waste, and biodiversity. Drawing heavily from the fields of urban ecology, environmental justice, and ecological design, this book lays out a science of cities for people: a pedagogical platform that can be used to promote ecological literacy in underrepresented urban communities through affordable and decentralized means. This book provides both a theoretical and practical field guide to students and researchers of urban sustainability, city planners, architects, policymakers, and activists wishing to develop reciprocal relationships with urban ecologies.

Carbon Sequestration in Urban Ecosystems

Carbon Sequestration in Urban Ecosystems
Author: Rattan Lal,Bruce Augustin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2011-12-09
ISBN: 9400723652
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon Sequestration in Urban Ecosystems Book Excerpt:

Urbanization drastically alters the ecosystems structure and functions, disrupts cycling of C and other elements along with water. It alters the energy balance and influences climate at local, regional and global scales. In 2008, urban population exceeded the rural population. In 2050, 70% of the world population will live in urban centers. The number of megacities (10 million inhabitants) increased from three in 1975 to 19 in 2007, and is projected to be 27 in 2025. Rapid urbanization is altering the ecosystem C budget. Yet, urban ecosystems have a large C sink capacity in soils and biota. Judicious planning and effective management can enhance C pool in urban ecosystems, and off-set some of the anthropogenic emissions. Principal components with regards to C sequestration include home lawns and turfs, urban forests, green roofs, park and recreational/sports facilities and urban agriculture.

The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Studies

The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Studies
Author: Anthony M. Orum
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 2888
Release: 2019-04-15
ISBN: 1118568451
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Studies Book Excerpt:

Provides comprehensive coverage of major topics in urban and regional studies Under the guidance of Editor-in-Chief Anthony Orum, this definitive reference work covers central and emergent topics in the field, through an examination of urban and regional conditions and variation across the world. It also provides authoritative entries on the main conceptual tools used by anthropologists, sociologists, geographers, and political scientists in the study of cities and regions. Among such concepts are those of place and space; geographical regions; the nature of power and politics in cities; urban culture; and many others. The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Studies captures the character of complex urban and regional dynamics across the globe, including timely entries on Latin America, Africa, India and China. At the same time, it contains illuminating entries on some of the current concepts that seek to grasp the essence of the global world today, such as those of Friedmann and Sassen on ‘global cities’. It also includes discussions of recent economic writings on cities and regions such as those of Richard Florida. Comprised of over 450 entries on the most important topics and from a range of theoretical perspectives Features authoritative entries on topics ranging from gender and the city to biographical profiles of figures like Frank Lloyd Wright Takes a global perspective with entries providing coverage of Latin America and Africa, India and China, and, the US and Europe Includes biographies of central figures in urban and regional studies, such as Doreen Massey, Peter Hall, Neil Smith, and Henri Lefebvre The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Studies is an indispensable reference for students and researchers in urban and regional studies, urban sociology, urban geography, and urban anthropology.

Ecology of Cities and Towns

Ecology of Cities and Towns
Author: Mark J. McDonnell,Amy K. Hahs,Jürgen H. Breuste
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009-06-25
ISBN: 9781139478311
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecology of Cities and Towns Book Excerpt:

The unprecedented growth of cities and towns around the world, coupled with the unknown effects of global change, has created an urgent need to increase ecological understanding of human settlements, in order to develop inhabitable, sustainable cities and towns in the future. Although there is a wealth of knowledge regarding the understanding of human organisation and behaviour, there is comparably little information available regarding the ecology of cities and towns. This book brings together leading scientists, landscape designers and planners from developed and developing countries around the world, to explore how urban ecological research has been undertaken to date, what has been learnt, where there are gaps in knowledge, and what the future challenges and opportunities are.

Development and Perspectives of Landscape Ecology

Development and Perspectives of Landscape Ecology
Author: O. Bastian,Uta Steinhardt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2013-03-14
ISBN: 9401712379
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Development and Perspectives of Landscape Ecology Book Excerpt:

Development and status of landscape ecology - subject of this book During the last decades, landscape ecology has developed tremendously. It concerns both the theoretical basis and practical application. The roots of landscape ecology are geography and biology. The term "landscape ecology" was first coined by the German scientist Carl Troll in 1939. ünce, the devel opment center of landscape ecology was in Central Europe. Recently, also other parts of the world became powernd centers of landscape ecology, es pecially Northern America. American approaches partly differ essentially from the European, because they are focused esp. on biogeography and population dynamics. In Europe, however, the geographical roots of land scape ecology playamajor role. Landscape is defined as a complex of abiotic, biotic and human components. Mainly due to linguistic barriers, the international discussion does not take notice of approaches and experiences from non-anglophone countries in a sufficient manner. Therefore this book considers more the German and European views on landscape ecology than the books which were published before. It tries to bridge the gaps between theory and practice of landscape ecology, as well between the Ger manlEuropean and American approach es. The book gives a fundamental representation of landscape ecology, which proves to be a young, but an interesting and very important transdisci plinary science for the solution of environmental problems. Both the theo retical basis and practical application of landscape ecology are considered.

Behavioural and Ecological Consequences of Urban Life in Birds

Behavioural and Ecological Consequences of Urban Life in Birds
Author: Caroline Isaksson,Amanda D. Rodewald,Diego Gil
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2018-06-19
ISBN: 2889454975
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioural and Ecological Consequences of Urban Life in Birds Book Excerpt:

Urbanization is next to global warming the largest threat to biodiversity. Indeed, it is becoming increasingly evident that many bird species get locally extinct as a result of urban development. However, many bird species benefit from urbanization, especially through the abundance of human-provided resources, and increase in abundance and densities. These birds are intriguing to study in relation to its resilience and adaption to urban environments, but also in relation to its susceptibility and the potential costs of urban life. This Research Topic consisting of 30 articles (one review, two meta-analyzes and 27 original data papers) provides insights into species and population responses to urbanization through diverse lenses, including biogeography, community ecology, behaviour, life history evolution, and physiology.

Urban Society

Urban Society
Author: Noel Pitts Gist,Sylvia Fleis Fava
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 728
Release: 1974
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Social psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Society Book Excerpt:

Human Adaptability

Human Adaptability
Author: Emilio F. Moran
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2022-05-10
ISBN: 1000565939
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Adaptability Book Excerpt:

Designed to help students understand the multiple levels at which human populations respond to their surroundings, this essential text offers the most complete discussion of environmental, physiological, behavioral, and cultural adaptive strategies available. Among the unique features that make Human Adaptability outstanding as both a textbook for students and a reference book for professionals are a complete discussion of the development of ecological anthropology and relevant research methods; the use of an ecosystem approach with emphasis on arctic, high altitude, arid land, grassland, tropical rain forest, and urban environments; an extensive and updated bibliography on ecological anthropology; and a comprehensive glossary of technical terms. - There is enhanced emphasis throughout on the role of gender in human adaptability research and on global environmental change as it affects particular ecosystems. - Students are guided to websites that provide access to relevant material, complement the text's coverage of biomes, and suggest ways to become active in environmental issues. - The fourth edition includes updated material on climate change and environmental policy. This book is essential reading for students undertaking courses in environmental anthropology and human ecology.

Design for Sustainability

Design for Sustainability
Author: Janis Birkeland
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2012-05-04
ISBN: 1136568409
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design for Sustainability Book Excerpt:

With radical and innovative design solutions, everyone could be living in buildings and settlements that are more like gardens than cargo containers, and that purify air and water, generate energy, treat sewage and produce food - at lower cost. Birkeland introduces systems design thinking that cuts across academic and professional boundaries and the divide between social and physical sciences to move towards a transdiciplinary approach to environmental and social problem-solving. This sourcebook is useful for teaching, as each topic within the field of environmental management and social change has pairs of short readings providing diverse perspectives to compare, contrast and debate. Design for Sustainability presents examples of integrated systems design based on ecological principles and concepts and drawn from the foremost designers in the fields of industrial design, materials, housing design, urban planning and transport, landscape and permaculture, and energy and resource management.

Encyclopedia of Geography

Encyclopedia of Geography
Author: Barney Warf
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 3560
Release: 2010-09-21
ISBN: 1452265178
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Geography Book Excerpt:

Simply stated, geography studies the locations of things and the explanations that underlie spatial distributions. Profound forces at work throughout the world have made geographical knowledge increasingly important for understanding numerous human dilemmas and our capacities to address them. With more than 1,200 entries, the Encyclopedia of Geography reflects how the growth of geography has propelled a demand for intermediaries between the abstract language of academia and the ordinary language of everyday life. The six volumes of this encyclopedia encapsulate a diverse array of topics to offer a comprehensive and useful summary of the state of the discipline in the early 21st century. Key Features Gives a concise historical sketch of geography's long, rich, and fascinating history, including human geography, physical geography, and GIS Provides succinct summaries of trends such as globalization, environmental destruction, new geospatial technologies, and cyberspace Decomposes geography into the six broad subject areas: physical geography; human geography; nature and society; methods, models, and GIS; history of geography; and geographer biographies, geographic organizations, and important social movements Provides hundreds of color illustrations and images that lend depth and realism to the text Includes a special map section Key Themes Physical Geography Human Geography Nature and Society Methods, Models, and GIS People, Organizations, and Movements History of Geography This encyclopedia strategically reflects the enormous diversity of the discipline, the multiple meanings of space itself, and the diverse views of geographers. It brings together the diversity of geographical knowledge, making it an invaluable resource for any academic library.

Sustainable Urban Development Reader

Sustainable Urban Development Reader
Author: Stephen M. Wheeler,Timothy Beatley
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 630
Release: 2014-10-03
ISBN: 131767216X
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Urban Development Reader Book Excerpt:

Building on the success of its second edition, the third edition of the Sustainable Urban Development Reader provides a generous selection of classic and contemporary readings giving a broad introduction to this topic. It begins by tracing the roots of the sustainable development concept in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, before presenting readings on a number of dimensions of the sustainability concept. Topics covered include land use and urban design, transportation, ecological planning and restoration, energy and materials use, economic development, social and environmental justice, and green architecture and building. All sections have a concise editorial introduction that places the selection in context and suggests further reading. Additional sections cover tools for sustainable development, international sustainable development, visions of sustainable community and case studies from around the world. The book also includes educational exercises for individuals, university classes, or community groups, and an extensive list of recommended readings. The anthology remains unique in presenting a broad array of classic and contemporary readings in this field, each with a concise introduction placing it within the context of this evolving discourse. The Sustainable Urban Development Reader presents an authoritative overview of the field using original sources in a highly readable format for university classes in urban studies, environmental studies, the social sciences, and related fields. It also makes a wide range of sustainable urban planning-related material available to the public in a clear and accessible way, forming an indispensable resource for anyone interested in the future of urban environments.

Contemporary Ecology Research in China

Contemporary Ecology Research in China
Author: Wenhua Li
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 680
Release: 2015-10-26
ISBN: 3662483769
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contemporary Ecology Research in China Book Excerpt:

The Chinese government is increasingly focusing on ecological construction and has subscribed to a national “Ecological Civilization Construction”. Ecological research and protection practice develop so fast and achieve a lot at the national agenda.This book is a synthesis of five most exciting and dominant themes in contemporary ecological research in China: biodiversity, ecosystem management, degraded ecosystem restoration, global change and sustainable development.This book spans all the Earth's major ecosystems, such as forests, oceans, grasslands, wetlands, lakes, rivers, farmland and cities.This book provides a platform for scientific research across a variety of disciplines. It will be invaluable to experts, policymakers and local officers and will also be a highly useful resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students.This book will allow researchers, students and policymakers outside China to learn about the significant achievements and applications of ecological research within China.