Rethinking Urban Parks

Rethinking Urban Parks
Author: Setha Low,Dana Taplin,Suzanne Scheld
Publsiher: University of Texas Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2009-05-21
ISBN: 029277821X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rethinking Urban Parks Book Excerpt:

Urban parks such as New York City's Central Park provide vital public spaces where city dwellers of all races and classes can mingle safely while enjoying a variety of recreations. By coming together in these relaxed settings, different groups become comfortable with each other, thereby strengthening their communities and the democratic fabric of society. But just the opposite happens when, by design or in ignorance, parks are made inhospitable to certain groups of people. This pathfinding book argues that cultural diversity should be a key goal in designing and maintaining urban parks. Using case studies of New York City's Prospect Park, Orchard Beach in Pelham Bay Park, and Jacob Riis Park in the Gateway National Recreation Area, as well as New York's Ellis Island Bridge Proposal and Philadelphia's Independence National Historical Park, the authors identify specific ways to promote, maintain, and manage cultural diversity in urban parks. They also uncover the factors that can limit park use, including historical interpretive materials that ignore the contributions of different ethnic groups, high entrance or access fees, park usage rules that restrict ethnic activities, and park "restorations" that focus only on historical or aesthetic values. With the wealth of data in this book, urban planners, park professionals, and all concerned citizens will have the tools to create and maintain public parks that serve the needs and interests of all the public.

Urban Parks Between Safety and Aesthetics

Urban Parks Between Safety and Aesthetics
Author: Isabella M. Mambretti
Publsiher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
Total Pages: 223
Release: 2011-01
ISBN: 3728131873
Category: Urban parks
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Parks Between Safety and Aesthetics Book Excerpt:

The question of how to live in the city and increase the quality of urban life creates new challenges for both urban policies and academic research. Urban parks are important keys for achieving a broader understanding of the urban landscape. Open green spaces in every form are essential for life in our ever more urbanised society and are becoming a vital issue for the liveability of the urban environment.The purpose of the present research is to acquire a more thorough knowledge of the evaluation of urban parks. The study uses statistical analysis methods combined with landscape planning and visualisation methods. The research provides an innovative and sophisticated point of view along with the means to improve the comprehension of people's preferences for alternative urban park scenarios. The results are expected to create an advanced discussion platform and make a contribution towards improving knowledge of the public's perception of urban parks. The investigation was conducted with empirical experiments on two parks in Zurich.The functional component of the research is the visualisation of spatial data using powerful visualisation tools. The theoretical prospect is the achievement of broader knowledge about individuals' perception of open green spaces, focusing on previously unexplored experimental research combining conjoint analysis and visualisation methods.The experiments created for the research are effective for modelling and explaining the signifi cance that people assign to specific dimensions characterising different park scenarios. Two motivations are at the base of the research: exploring the use of conjoint analysis methods to study virtual urban parks and evaluating the use of visual stimuli with conjoint analysis.

Urban Parks and Recreation Recovery Program

Urban Parks and Recreation Recovery Program
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 97
Release: 1981
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Federal aid to outdoor recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Parks and Recreation Recovery Program Book Excerpt:

Factors Affecting the Productivity of Urban Parks

Factors Affecting the Productivity of Urban Parks
Author: Thomas A. More
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 7
Release: 1990
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Parks
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Factors Affecting the Productivity of Urban Parks Book Excerpt:

The park system of two Massachusetts cities-Holyoke (pop. 44,819) and Fitchburg (pop. 39,332)-produced an estimated 605,608 visitor-hours of use during the summer of 1979. The average park produced 7,877 visitor-hours in Holyoke and 9,624 in Fitchburg, though use levels varied widely. Contrary to original expectations, neighborhood characteristics had little influence on use levels. Rather, park characteristics, particularly activities and amenities, had a significant effect on use. City officials wishing to maximize the use of their park system should consider investments in these resources while researchers build a more thorough, systematic body of knowlege about urban parks and their users.

Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Act

Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Act
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Subcommittee on Parks and Recreation
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 264
Release: 1978
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Government publications
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Act Book Excerpt:

Great City Parks

Great City Parks
Author: Alan Tate
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2013-05-13
ISBN: 1135159440
Category: ARCHITECTURE
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Great City Parks Book Excerpt:

Great City Parks is a celebration of some of the finest achievements of landscape architecture in the public realm. It is a comparative study of twenty significant public parks in fourteen major cities across Western Europe and North America. Collectively, they give a clear picture of why parks have been created, how they have been designed, how they are managed, and what plans are being made for them at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Based on unique research including extensive site visits and interviews with the managing organisations, this book is illustrated throughout with clear plans and professional photographs for each park. This book reflects a belief that well-planned, well-designed and well-managed parks remain invaluable components of liveable and hospitable cities.

Overall Impact of the Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Program

Overall Impact of the Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Program
Author: United States. National Park Service. Recreation Grants Division
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1984
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Federal aid to outdoor recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Overall Impact of the Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Program Book Excerpt:

The New Urban Park

The New Urban Park
Author: Hal Rothman
Publsiher: Development of Western Resourc
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2004
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The New Urban Park Book Excerpt:

From Yellowstone to the Great Smoky Mountains, America's national parks are sprawling tracts of serenity, most of them carved out of public land for recreation and preservation around the turn of the last century. America has changed dramatically since then, and so has its conceptions of what parkland ought to be. In this book, one of our premier environmental historians looks at the new phenomenon of urban parks, focusing on San Francisco's Golden Gate National Recreation Area as a prototype for the twenty-first century. Cobbled together from public and private lands in a politically charged arena, the GGNRA represents a new direction for parks as it highlights the long-standing tension within the National Park Service between preservation and recreation. Long a center of conservation, the Bay Area was well positioned for such an innovative concept. Writing with insight and wit, Rothman reveals the many complex challenges that local leaders, politicians, and the NPS faced as they attempted to administer sites in this area. He tells how Representative Phillip Burton guided a comprehensive bill through Congress to establish the park and how he and others expanded the acreage of the GGNRA, redefined its mission to the public, forged an identity for interconnected parks, and struggled against formidable odds to obtain the San Francisco Presidio and convert it into a national park. Engagingly written, The New Urban Park offers a balanced examination of grassroots politics and its effect on municipal, state, and federal policy. While most national parks dominate the economies of their regions, GGNRA was from the start tied to the multifaceted needs of its public and political constituents-including neighborhood, ethnic, and labor interests as well as the usual supporters from the conservation movement. As a national recreation area, GGNRA helped redefine that category in the public mind. By the dawn of the new century, it had already become one of the premier national park areas in terms of visitation. Now as public lands become increasingly scarce, GGNRA may well represent the future of national parks in America. Rothman shows that this model works, and his book will be an invaluable resource for planning tomorrow's parks.

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Technologies

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Technologies
Author: Rohinton Emmanuel
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2021-09-02
ISBN: 3036507221
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Technologies Book Excerpt:

This book is relevant to architects, urban designers, planners, and policy makers concerned with enhancing climate-sensitive urban form and planning. It discusses building and neighborhood design: layout and design features that maximize energy efficiency and thermal comfort without compromising the ability of other buildings to enjoy similar benefits; the use of interstitial spaces (piazzas, streets, and parks) to improve the microclimate at the neighbourhood-level; design intervention case studies; innovative uses of interstitial spaces to improve the local climate at the neighborhood level; and urban radiative cooling solutions to mitigate the unintended climate consequences of urban growth and suggestions for ways forward.

Americans Outdoors

Americans Outdoors
Author: President's Commission on Americans Outdoors (U.S.)
Publsiher: Island Press
Total Pages: 426
Release: 1987
ISBN: 9780933280366
Category: Conservation of natural resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Americans Outdoors Book Excerpt:

An advisory commission was charged by the President of the United States to review public and private outdoor recreation opportunities, policies, and programs and to make recommendations for the future. The body of this publication is the final report of the Commission on Americans Outdoors which was delivered on January 28, 1987. Findings are presented in four major sections. These include: (1) "Americans and the Outdoors" (addressing the problems, benefits, and possibilities for outdoor recreation ); (2) "Americans: the People" (stressing the need for an outdoor ethic and for action and involvement in improving services); (3) "Outdoors: the Resources" (identifying needs, initiatives, and management concerns); and (4) "Making It Work" (highlighting the roles and necessity of partnerships, public policy, community action, strong leadership, and funding strategies). A summary of key issues and recommendations as well as a summary of the proceedings of the National Conference on Recreation and the American City are included as appendices. The full text of 12 selected case studies which describe innovative approaches to solving problems and maximizing opportunities to protect resources and expand recreation opportunities are presented. (ML)

Agents and Multi Agent Systems Technologies and Applications 2020

Agents and Multi Agent Systems  Technologies and Applications 2020
Author: G. Jezic,J. Chen-Burger,M. Kusek,R. Sperka,Robert J. Howlett,Lakhmi C. Jain
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2020-05-20
ISBN: 9811557640
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agents and Multi Agent Systems Technologies and Applications 2020 Book Excerpt:

The book highlights new trends and challenges in research on agents and the new digital and knowledge economy. It includes papers on business process management, agent-based modeling and simulation and anthropic-oriented computing that were originally presented at the 14th International KES Conference on Agents and Multi-Agent Systems: Technologies and Applications (KES-AMSTA 2020), being held as a Virtual Conference in June 17–19, 2020. The respective papers cover topics such as software agents, multi-agent systems, agent modeling, mobile and cloud computing, big data analysis, business intelligence, artificial intelligence, social systems, computer embedded systems and nature inspired manufacturing, all of which contribute to the modern digital economy.

Rethinking Municipal Privatization

Rethinking Municipal Privatization
Author: Oliver D. Cooke
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2008-01-07
ISBN: 1135897913
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rethinking Municipal Privatization Book Excerpt:

This book examines one of the most high-profile municipal privatizations—the privatization of New York City’s Central Park. The fiscal crisis of the 1970s established the political and cultural opening for privatizations, which were justified on the basis of increasing efficiency. However, as Cooke demonstrates, these justifications were deliberately blind to the social and economic implication of privatization. This fascinating account moves beyond the hackneyed pro- versus anti-privatization debate by reconceptualizing the park’s privatization as an ensemble of contradictory class effects. It also highlights the immense theoretical and policy space for radically reconsidering and rethinking privatization processes in both the municipal and global contexts.

Park Science

Park Science
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1997
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: National parks and reserves
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Park Science Book Excerpt:

Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2004 Testimony of members of Congress written testimony

Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2004  Testimony of members of Congress  written testimony
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Department of the Interior and Related Agencies
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: United States
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2004 Testimony of members of Congress written testimony Book Excerpt:

CORP 2011 Proceedings Tagungsband

CORP 2011 Proceedings Tagungsband
Author: Manfred Schrenk,Vasily V. Popovich,Peter Zeile
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 1447
Release: 2011
ISBN: 3950311017
Category: City planning
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

CORP 2011 Proceedings Tagungsband Book Excerpt:

Trends

Trends
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Conservation of natural resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trends Book Excerpt:

A Literature Review

A Literature Review
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 922
Release: 1986
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Conservation of natural resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Literature Review Book Excerpt:

Bulletin

Bulletin
Author: Hatch Experiment Station
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 45
Release: 1986
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Agriculture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bulletin Book Excerpt:

Proceedings of the National Outdoor Recreation Trends Symposium II

Proceedings of the National Outdoor Recreation Trends Symposium II
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1985
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Forest reserves
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the National Outdoor Recreation Trends Symposium II Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Companion to United States History

The Oxford Companion to United States History
Author: Paul S. Boyer
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 984
Release: 2001-07-04
ISBN: 0199771103
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Companion to United States History Book Excerpt:

Here is a volume that is as big and as varied as the nation it portrays. With over 1,400 entries written by some 900 historians and other scholars, it illuminates not only America's political, diplomatic, and military history, but also social, cultural, and intellectual trends; science, technology, and medicine; the arts; and religion. Here are the familiar political heroes, from George Washington and Benjamin Franklin, to Abraham Lincoln, Woodrow Wilson, and Franklin D. Roosevelt. But here, too, are scientists, writers, radicals, sports figures, and religious leaders, with incisive portraits of such varied individuals as Thomas Edison and Eli Whitney, Babe Ruth and Muhammed Ali, Black Elk and Crazy Horse, Margaret Fuller, Emma Goldman, and Marian Anderson, even Al Capone and Jesse James. The Companion illuminates events that have shaped the nation (the Great Awakening, Bunker Hill, Wounded Knee, the Vietnam War); major Supreme Court decisions (Marbury v. Madison, Roe v. Wade); landmark legislation (the Fugitive Slave Law, the Pure Food and Drug Act); social movements (Suffrage, Civil Rights); influential books (The Jungle, Uncle Tom's Cabin); ideologies (conservatism, liberalism, Social Darwinism); even natural disasters and iconic sites (the Chicago Fire, the Johnstown Flood, Niagara Falls, the Lincoln Memorial). Here too is the nation's social and cultural history, from Films, Football, and the 4-H Club, to Immigration, Courtship and Dating, Marriage and Divorce, and Death and Dying. Extensive multi-part entries cover such key topics as the Civil War, Indian History and Culture, Slavery, and the Federal Government. A new volume for a new century, The Oxford Companion to United States History covers everything from Jamestown and the Puritans to the Human Genome Project and the Internet--from Columbus to Clinton. Written in clear, graceful prose for researchers, browsers, and general readers alike, this is the volume that addresses the totality of the American experience, its triumphs and heroes as well as its tragedies and darker moments.