Water Reuse

Author by : Blanca Jiménez
Languange : en
Publisher by : IWA Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 566
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : Water Reuse: An International Survey of current practice, issues and needs examines water reuse practices around the world from different perspectives. The objective is to show how differently wastewater reuse is conceived and practised around the world as well as to present the varied needs and possibilities for reusing wastewater. In the first section water reuse practices around the world are described for regions having common water availability, reuse needs and social aspects. The second section refers to the "stakeholders" point of view. Each reuse purpose demands different water quality, not only to protect health and the environment but also to fulfil the requirements of the specific reuse. Reuses considered are agricultural, urban agriculture as a special case of the former, municipal and industrial. Alongside these uses, the indirect reuse for human consumption through aquifer recharge is also discussed. The third section deals with emerging and controversial topics. Ethical and economical dilemmas in the field are presented as a subject not frequently addressed in this field. The role of governments in respect of public policy in reuse is discussed as well as the different international criteria and standards for reusing wastewater. The importance of public acceptance and the way to properly handle it is also considered. The fourth section of the book presents contrasting case studies; typical situations in the developed world (Japan and Germany) are compared to those in developing countries (Pakistan and Brazil) for agricultural and industrial reuse. Indirect planned reuse for human consumption (Germany) is compared with an unplanned one (Mexico). The Windhoek, Namibia case study is presented to emphasize why if the direct reuse of wastewater for human consumption has been performed with success for more than 35 years it is still the only example of this type around the world. To illustrate the difficulties of having a


Water Reuse

Author by : Water Resources Scientific Information Center
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
Total Download : 788
File Size : 40,6 Mb
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Water Reuse

Author by : National Research Council
Languange : en
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
Total Download : 362
File Size : 47,6 Mb
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Description : Expanding water reuse--the use of treated wastewater for beneficial purposes including irrigation, industrial uses, and drinking water augmentation--could significantly increase the nation's total available water resources. Water Reuse presents a portfolio of treatment options available to mitigate water quality issues in reclaimed water along with new analysis suggesting that the risk of exposure to certain microbial and chemical contaminants from drinking reclaimed water does not appear to be any higher than the risk experienced in at least some current drinking water treatment systems, and may be orders of magnitude lower. This report recommends adjustments to the federal regulatory framework that could enhance public health protection for both planned and unplanned (or de facto) reuse and increase public confidence in water reuse.


Milestones In Water Reuse

Author by : Valentina Lazarova
Languange : en
Publisher by : IWA Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
Total Download : 218
File Size : 50,6 Mb
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Description : Milestones in Water Reuse: The Best Success Stories illustrates the benefits of water reuse in integrated water resources management and its role for water cycle management, climate change adaptation and water in the cities of the future. Selected case studies are used to illustrate the different types of water reuse, i.e. agricultural irrigation, golf course and landscape irrigation, urban and industrial uses, environmental enhancement, as well as indirect and direct potable reuse. The various aspects related to water reuse are covered, including treatment technologies, water quality, economics, public acceptance, benefits, keys for success and main constraints. These international case studies highlight the best practices for the implementation of water reuse and provide the perspective for the integration of water recycling projects in the future, both for megacities and rural areas. Milestones in Water Reuse: The Best Success Stories demonstrates that planned water reuse is a cost competitive and energy-saving option to increase water availability and reliability. This book provides policy makers and regulators with a good understanding of water reuse and helps them to consider recycled water as safe and how it can be used. It is intended to be read by all people in the water sector and shows how water reuse is safe, economically viable, environmentally friendly and can provide high social benefits. Editors: Valentina Lazarova, Suez Environnement, France Takashi Asano, University of California at Davis, USA Akica Bahri, African Development Bank, Tunisia John Anderson, Afton Water, Australia


Guidelines For Water Reuse

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
Total Download : 495
File Size : 46,6 Mb
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Water Reuse And Recycling

Author by : Mark V. Hughes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 14
Total Download : 633
File Size : 52,7 Mb
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Water Energy Interactions In Water Reuse

Author by : Valentina Lazarova
Languange : en
Publisher by : IWA Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
Total Download : 805
File Size : 46,6 Mb
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Description : Water-Energy Interactions of Water Reuse covers the use of energy in conventional and advanced wastewater treatment for various water reuse applications, including carbon footprint, energy efficiency, energy self-sufficient facilities and novel technologi


Water Reuse Issues Technologies And Applications

Author by : Metcalf & Eddy Inc. an AECOM Company
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGraw Hill Professional
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 140
File Size : 41,9 Mb
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Description : An Integrated Approach to Managing the World's Water Resources Water Reuse: Issues, Technologies, and Applications equips water/wastewater students, engineers, scientists, and professionals with a definitive account of the latest water reclamation, recycling, and reuse theory and practice. This landmark textbook presents an integrated approach to all aspects of water reuse _ from public health protection to water quality criteria and regulations to advanced technology to implementation issues. Filled with over 500 detailed illustrations and photographs, Water Reuse: Issues, Technology, and Applications features: In-depth coverage of cutting-edge water reclamation and reuse applications Current issues and developments in public health and environmental protection criteria, regulations, and risk management Review of current advanced treatment technologies, new developments, and practices Special emphasis on process reliability and multiple barrier concepts approach Consideration of satellite and decentralized water reuse facilities Consideration of planning and public participation of water reuse Inside This Landmark Water/Wastewater Management Tool • Water Reuse: An Introduction • Health and Environmental Concerns in Water Reuse • Technologies and Systems for Water Reclamation and Reuse • Water Reuse Applications • Implementing Water Reuse


Water Reuse Policies For Potable Use

Author by : Cecilia Tortajada
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 913
File Size : 50,8 Mb
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Description : As water demand has increased globally and resources have become more limited because of physical scarcity, over-exploitation and pollution, it has been necessary to develop more options for water supplies. These options include the production at large scale of high-quality reused water from municipal sources for potable uses. Their economic, social and environmental benefits have been many as they have addressed supply scarcity, efficient resource use and environmental and public health considerations. This book includes discussions on potable water reuse history; emerging contaminants and public health; public-private partnerships in the water reuse sector; regulatory frameworks for reused water in the United States and Europe; experiences in Australia, China in general and Beijing in particular, Singapore and Windhoek; narratives and public acceptance and perceptions of alternative water sources. The main constraints on implementation of water reuse projects in different parts of the world seem to have been lack of full public support due to perceived health hazards and environmental impacts. A main handicap has been that governments and water utilities have been slow to understand public concerns and perceptions. After several backlashes, public information, communication and awareness campaigns, broader participation and educational programmes have become integral parts of development policy and decision-making frameworks.


Electrodialysis And Water Reuse

Author by : Andréa Moura Bernardes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 855
File Size : 54,8 Mb
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Description : This book presents novel techniques to evaluate electrodialysis processes, to synthesize ionic membranes and to characterize their properties. It shows the potential use of membrane process to the treatment of effluents generated in many industrial sectors such as refineries, leather industries, mining and electroplating processes. The book is based on the results obtained by the author's research group during the past decade. It is useful for students, researchers and engineers interested in membrane technologies for water reuse.


Urban Wastewater Reuse For Crop Production In The Water Short Guanajuato River Basin Mexico

Author by : Christopher Anand Scott
Languange : en
Publisher by : IWMI
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 876
File Size : 53,9 Mb
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Description : From a river-basin perspective, wastewater irrigation is an important form of water and nutrient reuse; however, there are important water quality, environmental, and public health considerations. This report explores the advantages and risks of urban wastewater reuse for crop production in the water-short Guanajuato river-basin in west-central Mexico, and then by a selective literature review demonstrates how common this practice is worldwide. It also evaluates several alternative water-management scenarios through application of the Interactive River Aquifer Simulation (IRAS) model, developed by Cornell University and Resource Planning Associates.


Wastewater Reuse For Golf Course Irrigation

Author by : Michael P. Kenna
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 225
File Size : 51,6 Mb
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Description : Wastewater Reuse for Golf Course Irrigation, authored by leading researchers and practitioners, covers a wide range of technical and regulatory aspects of how and why to irrigate golf courses with reused wastewater. Water quality, water conservation, regulations, water rights, water delivery, design of systems, monitoring concerns, retrofitting a course for recycled water, and successful case studies are just some of the important topics covered in this informative, valuable book. California, Arizona, and Florida are a few of the states that have laws mandating the uses of reused wastewater. This book will help golf course superintendents, irrigation consultants, architects, and builders understand how it affects their job and what to do about it.


Wastewater Reuse And Management

Author by : Sanjay K. Sharma
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 152
File Size : 46,9 Mb
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Description : Over the past 50 years the volume of wastewater has grown exponentially as a result of the increasing world population and the expansion of industrial developments. Researchers all over the world have been trying to address this issue suitably in order to fight water scarcity; yet, it is only recently that wastewater recycling has caught their attention as an effective and responsible solution. Wastewater is a resource that can be adequately treated to successfully satisfy most water demands as well as decreasing wastewater discharges and preventing pollution. This book presents the studies of some of the most prestigious international scientists and gathers them in three different sections: Wastewater Management and Reuse, Wastewater Treatment options and Risk Assessment. The result is an insightful analysis of waste water management, its treatments, and the processes that have been studied, optimized and developed so far to sustain our environment. Wastewater Reuse and Management represents a valuable resource to academic researchers, students, institutions, environmentalists, and anyone interested in environmental policies aimed at safeguarding both the quality and the quantity of water.


Understanding Water Reuse

Author by : National Research Council
Languange : en
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
Total Download : 423
File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description : In communities all around the world, water supplies are coming under increasing pressure as population growth, climate change, pollution, and changes in land use affect water quantity and quality. To address existing and anticipated water shortages, many communities are working to increase water conservation and are seeking alternative sources of water. Water reuse- the sue of treated wastewater, or "reclaimed" water, for beneficial purposes such as drinking, irrigation, or industrial uses- is one option that has helped some communities significantly expand their water supplies. Understanding Water Reuse summarizes the main findings of the National Research Council report Water Reuse: Expanding the Nation's Water Supply Through Reuse of Municipal Wastewater. The report provides an overview of the options and outlook for water reuse in the United States, discusses water treatment technologies and potential uses of reclaimed water, and presents a new analysis that compares the risks of drinking reclaimed water to those of drinking water from traditional sources.


Wastewater Reuse And Watershed Management

Author by : Ajai Singh
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
Total Download : 538
File Size : 52,8 Mb
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Description : Water is a finite resource, and the demand for clean water is constantly growing. Clean freshwater is needed to meet irrigation demands for agriculture, for consumption, and for industrial uses. The world produces billions of tons of wastewater every year. This volume looks at a multitude of ways to capture, treat, and reuse wastewater and how to effectively manage watersheds. It presents a selection of new technologies and methods to recycle, reclaim, and reuse water for agricultural, industrial, and environmental purposes. The editor states that more than 75–80% of the wastewater we produce goes back to nature without being properly treated, leading to pollution and all sorts of negative health and productivity consequences. Topics cover a wide selection of research, including molluscs as a tool for river health assessment, flood risk modeling, biological removal of toxins from groundwater, saline water intrusion into coastal areas, urban drainage simulations, rainwater harvesting, irrigation topics, and more. Key features: • explores the existing methodologies in the field of reuse of wastewater • looks at different approaches in integrated water resources management • examines the issues of groundwater management and development • discusses saline water intrusion in coastal areas • presents various watershed management approaches • includes case studies and analyses of various water management efforts


Urban Water Reuse Handbook

Author by : Saeid Eslamian
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 543
File Size : 49,7 Mb
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Description : Examining the current literature, research, and relevant case studies, presented by a team of international experts, the Urban Water Reuse Handbook discusses the pros and cons of water reuse and explores new and alternative methods for obtaining a sustainable water supply. The book defines water reuse guidelines, describes the historical and curren


Wastewater Recycling Reuse And Reclamation Vol I

Author by : Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran
Languange : en
Publisher by : EOLSS Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 420
File Size : 41,9 Mb
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Description : Total supply of fresh water on earth far exceeds human demand. However, scarcity of water currently faced in many regions of the world is caused by two reasons. First, its availability in time and space is not equally distributed. Thus there is problem of water in the wrong place, or at the wrong time and in wrong quantities. Second, while the population growth and expanded industrial activities are increasing demands on available water resources, they also jeopardize the availability of freshwater in adequate quantities by discharge of pollutants into freshwater sources. It is at times like these, when the rising curve of water demand intersects the fluctuating curve of water availability, recycle and reuse of wastewater is seriously considered. Wastewater recycling, reuse and reclamation have been, now, accepted as appropriate ways to conserve water resources as well as to contain polluted waters from contaminating other available clean water sources. This book gives a comprehensive review on water quantity and quality, simple water supply and sanitation systems, and leads to domestic, agricultural and industrial water reuse. Thus, it will provide useful information not only to technologists but also for planners, managers, and NGOs involved in the water sector. The contribution to the book comes from a broad pool of experts, working on technology, policy, health, and economy aspects of water management. Involvement of both academics and industry personnel from developing and developed countries makes this contribution broader and useable for a wide readership.


Wastewater Treatment And Reuse Lessons Learned In Technological Developments And Management Issues

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
Total Download : 855
File Size : 43,9 Mb
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Description : Wastewater Treatment and Reuse - Lessons Learned in Technological Developments and Management Issues, Volume 6 explores emerging and state-of-the-art technologies. Chapters cover Treatment options for the direct reuse of reclaimed water in developing countries, Water reuse in India: Current perspectives and future potential, Water reuse practices, solutions and trends at international, Impact of the use of treated wastewater for agricultural need: behavior of organic micropollutants in soil, transfer to crops, and related risks, Environmental risks of sewage sludge reuse in agriculture, Modeling tools for risk management in reclaimed wastewater reuse systems: Focus on contaminants of emerging concern (CECs), and much more. Covers a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies Includes contributions from an international board of authors Provides a comprehensive set of reviews on wastewater treatments and reuse


Membrane Processes For Water Reuse

Author by : Anthony Wachinski
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGraw Hill Professional
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
Total Download : 581
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : COST-EFFECTIVE MEMBRANE SOLUTIONS FOR WATER AND WASTEWATER REUSE APPLICATIONS Written by a water and wastewater industry expert with more than 35 years of experience, this book describes how membrane technology can be used alone, coupled with aerobic or anaerobic processes, or as integrated membrane systems to process treated municipal effluent or industrial wastewater for discharge, recycle, or reuse. After reviewing chemistry fundamentals and basic principles, Membrane Processes for Water Reuse covers microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, and membrane coupled bioprocesses. The design, sizing, and selection of membrane technologies for water recycling and reuse applications is discussed in detail. Wastewater reuse case studies and example problems illustrate the concepts presented in this practical, authoritative guide. Coverage includes: Water reuse overview Water quality Basic concepts of membrane filtration processes Low pressure membrane technology--microfiltration and ultrafiltration Diffusive membrane technologies--nanofiltration and reverse osmosis Membrane-coupled bioprocess Design of membrane systems for water recycling and reuse Future trends and challenges


Municipal Wastewater Reuse

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 173
File Size : 54,6 Mb
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Handbook Of Wastewater Reclamation And Reuse

Author by : Donald R. Rowe
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
Total Download : 419
File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Description : This comprehensive reference provides thorough coverage of water and wastewater reclamation and reuse. It begins with an introductory chapter covering the fundamentals, basic principles, and concepts. Next, drinking water and treated wastewater criteria, guidelines, and standards for the United States, Europe and the World Health Organization (WHO) are presented. Chapter 3 provides the physical, chemical, biological, and bacteriological characteristics, as well as the radioactive and rheological properties, of water and wastewater. The next chapter discusses the health aspects and removal treatment processes of microbial, chemical, and radiological constituents found in reclaimed wastewater. Chapter 5 discusses the various wastewater treatment processes and sludge treatment and disposal. Risk assessment is covered in chapter 6. The next three chapters cover the economics, monitoring (sampling and analysis), and legal aspects of wastewater reclamation and reuse. This practical handbook also presents real-world case studies, as well as sources of information for research, potential sources for research funds, and information on current research projects. Each chapter includes an introduction, end-of-chapter problems, and references, making this comprehensive text/reference useful to both students and professionals.


Advances In Water Quality Control

Author by : Melike Gurel, 1st
Languange : en
Publisher by : ScientificResearchPublishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
Total Download : 241
File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description :


Water Reuse

Author by : National Research Council
Languange : en
Publisher by : National Academies Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 566
File Size : 43,8 Mb
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Description : Expanding water reuse--the use of treated wastewater for beneficial purposes including irrigation, industrial uses, and drinking water augmentation--could significantly increase the nation's total available water resources. Water Reuse presents a portfolio of treatment options available to mitigate water quality issues in reclaimed water along with new analysis suggesting that the risk of exposure to certain microbial and chemical contaminants from drinking reclaimed water does not appear to be any higher than the risk experienced in at least some current drinking water treatment systems, and may be orders of magnitude lower. This report recommends adjustments to the federal regulatory framework that could enhance public health protection for both planned and unplanned (or de facto) reuse and increase public confidence in water reuse.


Water Resources In The Mediterranean Region

Author by : Mehrez Zribi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 596
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description : Water Resources in the Mediterranean Region summarizes and collates scientific developments around water resources in the Mediterranean socio-economic environment through a multidisciplinary framework synthesizing hydrology, hydrogeology, climate, bioclimatology, economics, and geography. As such, it provides essential information for any reader looking to learn more about the Mediterranean which is experiencing the impact of climate change and concurrent complex issues of anthropogenic effects, especially in agriculture and other resource uses. Water Resources in the Mediterranean Region covers different challenges in the issue of the evolution of water resources in the Mediterranean. It is intended for PhD students, research scientists, and managers interested in new solutions and approaches for water management and in the forecast of future water dynamics. Offers multidisciplinary content providing global visions of the challenges faced in the Mediterranean region Presents fundamental and operational studies, providing the reader with information on how to implement these actions and results themselves Written in a pedagogical manner, allowing for ease of reading for both researchers and water managers


Sustainable Water For The Future

Author by : Isabel C. Escobar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
Total Download : 189
File Size : 53,6 Mb
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Description : This book is part of a series on sustainability. Specifically, it deals with the issue of sustainable water use. Fresh sources of potable water are being depleted across the world. Pure water is the goal of water utilities as well as several industries. Well past the experimental stage, membrane processes are now a proven and reliable method of providing high-quality, cost-effective water. Membrane technologies have immediate applications to treatment of fresh, brackish and sea waters, as well as wastewater reclamation. With innovative module design and engineering, micro- and ultra-filtrations have become effective and economical for drinking water production, particularly for removal of microorganisms. Membrane bioreactors are being developed for municipal and industrial water recycling. Various membrane processes are also used to remove contaminants from industrial wastewaters. This book covers the fundamental and practical concepts and issues regarding the application of membrane technologies for sustainable water treatment. It describes and compares the effectiveness of desalination versus water recycling for long-term sustainable water use. - Describes the global water situation with respect to sustainability - Emphasizes the role of membrane technologies - Compares the strategies of water recycling and desalination