Description : Advance praise for Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis:'One thinks of the great cartographers at work in reading Dr Sadler's exploration of the values embedded in current psychiatric diagnostic classifications - the DSM-IV. This is a huge, ten-year, interdisciplinary undertaking. Usually, authors who cut across disciplines are at home in one, but inexpertly borrow from the others, their extractions somewhat derivative and impoverished. But Sadler enriches as he draws on science, clinical practice, cultural analysis, the history of science and philosophy. While exposing the changes in value assumptions in each of the successive DSMs through DSM-IV, Sadler doesn't unmask and demean the profession of psychiatry, but shows how it can grow rather than devour itself in its value permutations.' -William F May, Fellow of the Institute for Practical Ethics and Public Life, University of Virginia'At last we have in-depth understanding of the controversies that underline the passionate disagreements about the classification of mental disorders. If there is any doubt as to why psychiatry is the most fascinating and important specialty of medicine, Dr Sadler has put that to rest with this provocative in-depth discussion of the values that are intrinsic to psychiatry.' -Steven S Sharfstein, President-Elect of the American Psychiatric Association'The long awaited volume is a worthy successor to John Sadler's ground-braking previous research on values in diagnostic classification. Impeccably argued and researched, Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis will prove an indispensable tool for anyone wishing to understand the nature, and importance, of psychiatry. In a readable, clear and unadorned style, Sadler skilfully develops his case that psychiatry is a value-saturated practice and persuades us that rather than its weakness, this is psychiatry's great strength.' -Jennifer Radden, Professor of Philosophy, University of Massachusets, Boston, USA'Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis is interdisciplinary scholarship at its best. A wide range of readers will find this work filled with insights that Sadler's lively, yet precise writing style makes readily available. Sadler's analysis is clear and compelling. In this work, complex technical questions are discussed with wit and wisdom. Sadler has managed to define the function and significance of values across the entire field of psychiatric diagnosis; he has written a reliable guide to the wide range of issues involved.' -George J Agich, Chair Bioethics, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, USAThe public, mental health consumers, as well as mental health practitioners wonder about what kinds of values mental health professionals hold, and what kinds of values influence psychiatric diagnosis. Are mental disorders socio-political, practical, or scientific concepts? Is psychiatric diagnosis value-neutral? What role does the fundamental philosophical question 'How should I live?' play in mental health care? In his carefully nuanced and exhaustively referenced monograph, psychiatrist and philosopher of psychiatry John Z. Sadler describes the manifold kinds of values and value judgements involved in psychiatric diagnosis and classification systems like the DSM. Professor Sadler takes the reader on a fascinating conceptual tour of the inner workings of psychiatric diagnosis, considering the role of science, culture, sexuality, politics, gender, technology, human nature, patienthood, and professions in building his vision of a more humane psychiatric diagnostic process.Readership: Mental health practitioners, researchers, educators in psychiatry, psychology, and social work; philosophers
Description : This book examines core concerns of human life. What is the relationship between a meaningful life and theism? Why are some human beings radically adrift, without radical foundations, and struggling with hopelessness? Is the cosmos meaningless? Is human life akin to the ancient Myth of Sisyphus? What is the role of struggle and suffering in creating meaning? How do we discover or create value? Is happiness overrated as a goal of life? How, if at all, can we learn to die meaningfully?
Description : The Human Experience examines, analyzes and applies theories of humans, environments and human-environment interaction to professional thinking and action. The authors highlight tacit values and assumptions that underlie theory generation and application to professional practice and challenge the reader to answer two questions: how do we "know," and what do we do with our knowledge? Significant critical emphasis is devoted to diversity of humans and environments and the value-perimeter in which professionals think and act.
Description : This book features two old philosophical friends engaged in lively personal and intellectual conversations. Wary of any dogmatism, their dialogues explore the Big Bang and the joy of grandchildren, value theory and terrorism, God and art, metaphor and meaning, while assessing the thought of Robert S. Hartman, Alfred North Whitehead, Charles Hartshorne, H. Richard Niebuhr, and others.
Description : Intersections of Value investigates the universal human need for aesthetic experience. It examines three appreciative contexts where aesthetic value plays a central role: art, nature, and the everyday. However, no important appreciative context or practice is completely centered on a single value. Hence, the book explores the way the aesthetic interacts with moral, cognitive, and functional values in these contexts. The account of aesthetic appreciation is complemented by analyses of the cognitive and ethical value of art, the connection between environmental ethics and aesthetics, and the degree to which the aesthetic value of everyday artefacts derives from their basic practical functions. Robert Stecker devotes special attention to art as an appreciative context because it is an especially rich arena where different values interact. There is an important connection between artistic value and aesthetic value, but it is a mistake to reduce the former to the latter. Rather, artistic value should be seen as complex and pluralistic, composed not only of aesthetic but also ethical, cognitive, and art-historical values.
Description : Social psychologists have studied beliefs and values, and related constructs such as "attitudes" and "prejudice" for decades. But as this innovative and interdisciplinary book convincingly demonstrates, the scientific examination of beliefs and values now influences research and practice across a range of disciplines. Specifically, this edited volume explores the many cutting edge implications and applications of Equilintegration or EI Theory and the Beliefs, Events, and Values Inventory (BEVI). Grounded in twenty years of research and practice, EI Theory seeks to explain the processes by which beliefs, values, and worldviews are acquired and maintained, why their alteration is resisted, and under what circumstances they are modified. Based upon EI Theory, the BEVI is a comprehensive analytic tool which examines how and why we come to see ourselves, others, and the larger world as we do as well as the influence of such processes on multiple aspects of human functioning. Edited by the developer of the EI model and BEVI method, and informed by contributions from leading U.S. and international scholars, this book features captivating research findings and pioneering practice applications. Research-focused chapters explain how the EI model and BEVI method increase our conceptual sophistication and methodological capacity across a range of areas: Culture, Development, Environment, Gender, Personality, Politics, and Religion. Practice-oriented chapters demonstrate how the BEVI is used in the real world across a range of applied domains: Assessment, Education, Forensics, Leadership, and Psychotherapy. Written in an accessible and engaging manner, this fascinating and timely volume speaks to many of the most pressing issues of our day, by illuminating why we believe what we believe, and demonstrating how our beliefs and values may be assessed, explained, and transformed in the real world. Key Features: Presents an interdisciplinary theoretical model and innovative assessment method derived from two decades of work on the etiology, maintenance, and transformation of beliefs and values Features contributions from leading scholars from the U.S. and internationally, demonstrating the many implications and applications of this cutting edge approach for research and practice Demonstrates the importance of "making sense of beliefs and values" in addressing many of the most pressing issues of our day
Description : Nobel Laureate Leon N. Cooper places pressing scientific questions in the broader context of how they relate to human experience.
Description : Ethical analysis has typically focused on issues involved in patient care. This study in clinical ethics has focused on the process of ethical deliberation and decision making among multiprofessional health care teams. Fundamental and applied ethics, as well as social aspects of ethics in health care, are canvassed, with particular attention to paediatric issues. This study analyses both pragmatic and theoretical perspectives of ethical deliberation, as well as the professional and philosophical backgrounds for ethical deliberation by social workers, nurses and doctors working in the field of chronic illness. In doing so, this volume expands the scope of current research through an analysis of the deliberation process and its dynamics. An effective reference for health care workers, ethics organisations and courses in ethics, this volume includes practical guidelines to promote and assist ethical deliberation.