Description : The Human Experience examines, analyzes and applies theories of humans, environments and human-environment interaction to professional thinking and action. The authors highlight tacit values and assumptions that underlie theory generation and application to professional practice and challenge the reader to answer two questions: how do we "know," and what do we do with our knowledge? Significant critical emphasis is devoted to diversity of humans and environments and the value-perimeter in which professionals think and act.
Description : Advance praise for Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis:'One thinks of the great cartographers at work in reading Dr Sadler's exploration of the values embedded in current psychiatric diagnostic classifications - the DSM-IV. This is a huge, ten-year, interdisciplinary undertaking. Usually, authors who cut across disciplines are at home in one, but inexpertly borrow from the others, their extractions somewhat derivative and impoverished. But Sadler enriches as he draws on science, clinical practice, cultural analysis, the history of science and philosophy. While exposing the changes in value assumptions in each of the successive DSMs through DSM-IV, Sadler doesn't unmask and demean the profession of psychiatry, but shows how it can grow rather than devour itself in its value permutations.' -William F May, Fellow of the Institute for Practical Ethics and Public Life, University of Virginia'At last we have in-depth understanding of the controversies that underline the passionate disagreements about the classification of mental disorders. If there is any doubt as to why psychiatry is the most fascinating and important specialty of medicine, Dr Sadler has put that to rest with this provocative in-depth discussion of the values that are intrinsic to psychiatry.' -Steven S Sharfstein, President-Elect of the American Psychiatric Association'The long awaited volume is a worthy successor to John Sadler's ground-braking previous research on values in diagnostic classification. Impeccably argued and researched, Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis will prove an indispensable tool for anyone wishing to understand the nature, and importance, of psychiatry. In a readable, clear and unadorned style, Sadler skilfully develops his case that psychiatry is a value-saturated practice and persuades us that rather than its weakness, this is psychiatry's great strength.' -Jennifer Radden, Professor of Philosophy, University of Massachusets, Boston, USA'Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis is interdisciplinary scholarship at its best. A wide range of readers will find this work filled with insights that Sadler's lively, yet precise writing style makes readily available. Sadler's analysis is clear and compelling. In this work, complex technical questions are discussed with wit and wisdom. Sadler has managed to define the function and significance of values across the entire field of psychiatric diagnosis; he has written a reliable guide to the wide range of issues involved.' -George J Agich, Chair Bioethics, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, USAThe public, mental health consumers, as well as mental health practitioners wonder about what kinds of values mental health professionals hold, and what kinds of values influence psychiatric diagnosis. Are mental disorders socio-political, practical, or scientific concepts? Is psychiatric diagnosis value-neutral? What role does the fundamental philosophical question 'How should I live?' play in mental health care? In his carefully nuanced and exhaustively referenced monograph, psychiatrist and philosopher of psychiatry John Z. Sadler describes the manifold kinds of values and value judgements involved in psychiatric diagnosis and classification systems like the DSM. Professor Sadler takes the reader on a fascinating conceptual tour of the inner workings of psychiatric diagnosis, considering the role of science, culture, sexuality, politics, gender, technology, human nature, patienthood, and professions in building his vision of a more humane psychiatric diagnostic process.Readership: Mental health practitioners, researchers, educators in psychiatry, psychology, and social work; philosophers
Description : This book examines core concerns of human life. What is the relationship between a meaningful life and theism? Why are some human beings radically adrift, without radical foundations, and struggling with hopelessness? Is the cosmos meaningless? Is human life akin to the ancient Myth of Sisyphus? What is the role of struggle and suffering in creating meaning? How do we discover or create value? Is happiness overrated as a goal of life? How, if at all, can we learn to die meaningfully?
Description : Nobel Laureate Leon N. Cooper places pressing scientific questions in the broader context of how they relate to human experience.
Description : First published in 1975 and still without equal, The Human Experience of Time provides a thorough review of the concept of time in the Western philosophic tradition. Encompassing a wide range of writings, from the Book of Genesis and the classical thinkers to the work of such twentieth-century philosophers as Collingwood and McKeon, all with introductory essays by the editor, this classic anthology offers a synoptic view of the changing philosophic notions of time.
Description : This book features two old philosophical friends engaged in lively personal and intellectual conversations. Wary of any dogmatism, their dialogues explore the Big Bang and the joy of grandchildren, value theory and terrorism, God and art, metaphor and meaning, while assessing the thought of Robert S. Hartman, Alfred North Whitehead, Charles Hartshorne, H. Richard Niebuhr, and others.
Description : A re-examination of Jewish scripture and teachings about disabilities Few people are untouched by the issue of disability, whether personally or through a friend or relative. Jewish Perspectives on Theology and the Human Experience of Disability shares moving insights from around the world and across the broad spectrum of Judaism on how and why the Jewish community is incomplete without the presence and participation of the disabled. Authors representing each of the three main movements of Judaism—Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform—examine theology, scripture, ethics, practical theology, religious education, and personal experience to understand and apply the lessons and wisdom of the past to issues of the present. Authors from Israel, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia reflect on their theological understandings of specific disabilities and on disability as a whole. Jewish Perspectives on Theology and the Human Experience of Disability re-examines tradition, teachings, and beliefs to shatter stereotypes of Judaism and common interpretations of scripture. This unique book addresses several disabilities (blindness, deafness, intellectual disabilities, autism, learning disabilities), and a wide range of topics, including human rights and disabilities, Jewish laws concerning niddah, misconceptions about disabilities in the Hebrew Bible, Jewish community programs to include people with disabilities, and the need to educate American Jews about Jewish genetic diseases. Jewish Perspectives on Theology and the Human Experience of Disability examines: three methods that allow Jews who are blind to participate in the Torah service the spiritual needs of people with learning disabilities the attitude of Jewish Law toward marriage and parenthood on people with intellectual disabilities how the rabbis of the Mishnah incorporated Greco-Roman beliefs about the connections between hearing, speech, and intelligence into Jewish law a sampling of opinions issued on matters concerning disabilities by the Responsa Committee of the Central Conference of American Rabbis how the Jewish sages have made participation by people with disabilities possible and much more Jewish Perspectives on Theology and the Human Experience of Disability also includes reviews of Judaism and Disability: Portrayals in Ancient Texts from the Tanach through the Bavil and Disability in Jewish Law, as well as comprehensive resource collections. This book is an essential read for clergy and lay leaders involved in the support of people with disabilities, for the families of people with disabilities, and for anyone working with the disabled.
Description : Death and dying and death-related behavior involve the causes of death and the nature of the actions and emotions surrounding death among the living. Interest in the varied dimensions of death and dying has led to the development of death studies that move beyond medical research to include behavioral science disciplines and practitioner-oriented fields. As a result of this interdisciplinary interest, the literature in the field has proliferated. This two-volume resource addresses the traditional death and dying–related topics but also presents a unique focus on the human experience to create a new dimension to the study of death and dying. With more than 300 entries, the Encyclopedia of Death and the Human Experience includes the complex cultural beliefs and traditions and the institutionalized social rituals that surround dying and death, as well as the array of emotional responses relating to bereavement, grieving, and mourning. The Encyclopedia is enriched through important multidisciplinary contributions and perspectives as it arranges, organizes, defines, and clarifies a comprehensive list of death-related perspectives, concepts, and theories. Key Features Imparts significant insight into the process of dying and the phenomenon of death Includes contributors from Asia,; Africa; Australia; Canada; China; eastern, southern, and western Europe; Iceland; Scandinavia; South America; and the United States who offer important interdisciplinary and cross-cultural perspectives Provides a special focus on the cultural artifacts and social institutions and practices that constitute the human experience Addresses death-related terms and concepts such as angel makers, equivocal death, end-of-life decision making, near-death experiences, cemeteries, ghost photography, halo nurses, caregiver stress, cyberfunerals, global religious beliefs and traditions, and death denial Presents a selective use of figures, tables, and images Key Themes Arts, Media, and Popular Culture Perspectives Causes of Death Conceptualization of Death, Dying, and the Human Experience Coping With Loss and Grief: The Human Experience Cross-Cultural Perspectives Cultural-Determined, Social-Oriented, and Violent Forms of Death Developmental and Demographic Perspectives Funerals and Death-Related Activities Legal Matters Process of DyingSymbolic Rituals, Ceremonies, and Celebrations of Life Theories and Concepts Unworldly Entities and Events With an array of topics that include traditional subjects and important emerging ideas, the Encyclopedia of Death and the Human Experience is the ultimate resource for students, researchers, academics, and others interested in this intriguing area of study.