Description : The What Works initiative has been one of the most important recent developments in probation and is a key aspect of current probation practice -- all the more so since the creation of the National Probation Service (UK) in 2001. The initiative involved the development and implementation on a national basis of a demonstrably 'effective' set of core programmes of supervision of offenders, most of them dependent on a cognitive behavioural approach. Much has been invested in these new accredited programmes – both in terms of the numbers of offenders planned to complete them, and their anticipated impact on offending. Yet there has been little scholarly or professional discussion of the nature and risks of this dominant new paradigm, or any close examination of the evidence on which the What Works initiative is based. This book addresses this need, providing a critical overview of What Works and a wider set of perspectives on a project which is vital for the future of the National Probation Service. Its concern is not just with What Works but what matters, and has the following objectives: to assess critically the claims of the What Works initiative to examine the foundations on which What Works is based to demonstrate the limitations of the What Works initiative as currently conceived to begin the process of constructing an alternative vision for the National Probation Service.
Description : The What Works initiative is having a profound impact on the work of the National Probation Service, and much has been invested in new accredited programmes - both in terms of the numbers of offenders planned to complete these programmes and their anticipated impact upon offending. Yet there has been little scholarly or professional discussion of the nature and risks of the new paradigm: it is important that it is subjected to critical debate and scrutiny. This book aims to provide a critical overview of What Works, providing a wider set of perspectives on a project which is vital for the future of the National Probation Service.
Description : Probation: Key Readings presents a comprehensive selection of 'key readings' in community penalties. It is divided into six sections, each with a detailed introduction from the editors. Section one showcases central policy perspectives on the role, tasks and significance of the probation service since its inception in 1907, demonstrating the key shifts in political opinion that have taken place. Section two considers the history and development of probation and other community penalties, including accounts of the emergence and origins of such penalties. Section three looks more theoretically at these developments, illustrating the extent of professional and academic debate about the purpose of probation in a changing criminal justice climate through the models of practice that have been proposed and elaborated at different times in the history of the service. Section four examines practice, including some of the key programmes that have been developed such as day centres, drug programmes, intensive supervision projects, together with innovative experiments in community engagement. It covers various techniques and approaches to working with offenders, such as casework, groupwork and partnership working. The fifth section includes various articles on the theme of diversity, a longstanding concern of probation staff. Finally, section six looks at the arguments around effectiveness, including how it is measured and the Nothing Works/What Works debate. Probation: Key Readings will be essential reading for practitioners, trainees and students of probation.
Description : Covers new ideas and concepts as well as the established probation lexicon, including institutional, legal, political and theoretical terms used in the discipline and importing concepts from the disciplines of sociology, criminology and psychology.
Description : This Handbook is an essential text for anybody working in probation, studying the subject as part of wider criminology or criminal justice course. It provides a comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date source of information and analysis about all aspects of the work of the Probation Service.
Description : Privatisation was introduced into the probation service on the 1st June 2014 whereby work with medium and low risk offenders went to a number of private and voluntary bodies, work with high risk offenders remained with the State. The National Probation Service (NPS) covered State work whilst the 35 existing Probation Trusts were replaced by 21 Community Rehabilitation Companies (CRCs). Staff were allocated to either side of the divide but all remained as probation officers. The effect was that the existing probation service lost control of all but 30,000 of the most high risk cases, with the other 220,000 low to medium risk offenders being farmed out to private firms. Privatisation was justified as the only available way of achieving important policy objectives of extending post release supervision to offenders on short sentences, a group who are the most prolific offenders with high reconviction rates yet who receive no statutory support. This book describes the process by which the probation service became privatised, assessing its impact on the probation service itself, and on the criminal justice system generally. It considers both the justifications for privatisation, as well as the criticisms of it, and asks to what extent the probation service can survive such changes, and what future it has as a service dedicated to the welfare of offenders. It demonstrates how the privatisation of probation can be seen as a trend away from traditional public service in criminal justice towards an emphasis on efficiency and cost effectiveness. This book is essential reading for criminology students engaged with criminal justice, social policy, probation, punishment and working with offenders. It will also be key reading for practitioners and policy makers in jurisdictions where there is an interest in extending their own privatisation practice.
Description : This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to probation. It brings together themes of policy, theory and practice to help students and practitioners better understand the work of probation, its limitations, its potential, but above all its value. Setting probation in the context of the criminal justice system, the book explores its history, purposes and contemporary significance. It explains what probation is and the practical realities of working with offenders in the community. The book also covers the governance of probation and how policy and practice are responding to contemporary concerns about crime and community safety. This book encourages readers to appreciate the practical and theoretical strengths and shortcomings of contemporary probation practice. This revised and updated new edition includes a full description and discussion of recent reforms in the probation service and the Transforming Rehabilitation policy agenda. It also offers further discussion of international perspectives on probation, including international developments and collaborative efforts between countries. This book is essential reading for trainee probation officers and students taking courses on probation, offender management, treatment and rehabilitation, working with offenders and community justice.
Description : This new book reports on a major investigation into the outcomes of probation supervision, and is concerned to address the key question of what works in probation. Drawing upon an extensive range of research and data, it examines the processes that occur during probation supervision which are either conducive to desistance from offending, or which contribute to further offending.
Description : The probation service has a pivotal role in interpreting the concept of justice and advancing the cause of justice through practical action. This task is increasingly challenging and with the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000 establishing the National Probation Service of Englandand Wales in April 2001, this book is a timely account of how this task will manifest itself, written by experts closely involved in this world of change.The increasing public expectation and scrutiny focused on the whole area of probation, coupled with the ongoing plans of the Government to bring about consistent standards and practice means that this is an area that will only continue to change and grow over the comming years. The probation servicehas to locate itself in a changing landscape and formulate a mission appropriate to the 21st century.Here leading academics, policy makers, managers and practitioners have combined to put the spotlight on what contribution probation can make to public protection and social justice. Their efforts, culminating in this book, will help shape the new service and provide stimulus for critical debate of DTJustice and Rights - what role does probation have in the tensions between rights and responsibilities, between victims and offenders? Justice in Practice - how do competing demands affect day to day community supervision and What Works? Justice in Organisation - are the reforms of modernisationgoing to create a service that can deliver?It is of vital relevance to all who work in the probation world and to other criminal justice agencies and professionals.
Description : This work tells the story of probation from its religious beginnings in 1876 through to the present day. It explores probation by alluding to crime, imprisonment, politics and power, increasing central control and criminology.