White Dwarfs

White Dwarfs
Author: Domitilla de Martino,Roberto Silvotti,Jan-Erik Solheim,Romualdas Kalytis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 429
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401002150
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

White Dwarfs Book Excerpt:

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held in Naples, Italy, 24-28 June 2002

Middle Earth Strategy Battle Game

Middle Earth Strategy Battle Game
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 127
Release: 2020
ISBN: 9781788269483
Category: Middle-Earth (Game)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Middle Earth Strategy Battle Game Book Excerpt:

White Dwarfs

White Dwarfs
Author: G. Vauclair,Edward Sion
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401132305
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

White Dwarfs Book Excerpt:

The European Workshop on White Dwarfs was initiated by Prof. V. Weidemann, with the first meeting organized in Kiel (FRG) in 1974. Almost every two years, an increasing number of astronomers met to share their results and projects in the subsequent workshops: Frascati (1976), Tel Aviv (1978), Paris (1981), Kiel (1984), Frascati (1986). In the mean time, two major IAU colloquia (No. 53 in Rochester, NY, 1979; and No. 114 in Hanover, NH, 1988) emphasized the importance of these stars for our understanding of stellar evolution. The informal organization of the white dwarf community has been the starting point for large cooperative projects of which the Hubble Space Telescope "White Dwarf Consortium" and the "Whole Earth Telescope" are the most spectacular examples. But many other successful collaborations have also been born during the very exciting discussions conducted in the last 16 years on the occasion of our regular meetings. The 7th European Workshop on White Dwarfs took place the year of the seventieth birthday of Prof. Evry Schatzman, whose pioneering work has been the inspiration for many of the new ideas in the white dwarf community. The Scientific Organizing Committee has agreed to dedicate the workshop to him on this occasion. We are pleased to publish as an introduction to the workshop, the text of the talk delivered by Prof. Schatzman at the workshop's banquet.

White Dwarfs Cosmological and Galactic Probes

White Dwarfs  Cosmological and Galactic Probes
Author: E. Sion,S. Vennes,H. Shipman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2006-03-30
ISBN: 1402037252
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

White Dwarfs Cosmological and Galactic Probes Book Excerpt:

The emphasis on white dwarf stars and cosmology arises from the most recent advances in cosmological and galactic structure research in which white dwarf stars are playing a very prominent role. Examples are Type Ia supernovae (i.e. white dwarf supernovae), the origin and evolution of the universe, the age of the galactic disk, cosmochronology using white dwarfs in globular clusters and galactic clusters, and the physics of accretion onto compact (very dense) stars. As an assisting guide to the reader, we have included, by invitation, comprehensive review articles in each of the four major areas of the book, white dwarf supernovae, cosmology, accretion physics and galactic structure. The reviews include introductory material that they build upon. The book is suitable and most useful to advanced undergraduates, graduate students and scientific professionals (e.g. astronomers, astrophysicists, cosmologists, physicists).

From White Dwarfs to Black Holes

From White Dwarfs to Black Holes
Author: G. Srinivasan
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2000-05-15
ISBN: 9780226769974
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From White Dwarfs to Black Holes Book Excerpt:

From White Dwarfs to Black Holes chronicles the extraordinarily productive scientific career of Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, one of the twentieth century's most distinguished astrophysicists. Among Chandrasekhar's many discoveries were the critical mass that makes a star too massive to become a white dwarf and the mathematical theory of black holes. In 1983 he shared the Nobel Prize for Physics for these and other achievements. Over the course of more than six decades of active research Chandrasekhar investigated a dizzying array of subjects. G. Srinivasan notes in the preface to this book that "the range of Chandra's contributions is so vast that no one person in the physics or astronomy community can undertake the task of commenting on his achievements." Thus, in this collection, ten eminent scientists evaluate Chandrasekhar's contributions to their own fields of specialization. Donald E. Osterbrock closes the volume with a historical discussion of Chandrasekhar's interactions with graduate students during his more than quarter century at Yerkes Observatory. Contributors are James Binney, John L. Friedman, Norman R. Lebovitz, Donald E. Osterbrock, E. N. Parker, Roger Penrose, A. R. P. Rau, George B. Rybicki, E. E. Salpeter, Bernard F. Schutz, and G. Srinivasan.

Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics 2011 Edition

Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics  2011 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 2979
Release: 2012-01-09
ISBN: 146496369X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics 2011 Edition Book Excerpt:

Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Astronomy and Astrophysics. The editors have built Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Astronomy and Astrophysics in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

White Dwarfs

White Dwarfs
Author: J. Isern,M. Hernanz,E. García-Berro
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401155429
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

White Dwarfs Book Excerpt:

The study of white dwarfs has been steadily growing during the last years and now is a mature field extending its influence over many others. Since white dwarfs are long lived objects, they can be used to obtain information about the history of the Galaxy. The simplicity of their structures enables them to act as precise particle physics laboratories and the extreme con ditions reached at their surfaces allow us to test the equation of state and to study the behavior of matter under conditions impossible to be reached in terrestrial laboratories. Nevertheless, white dwarfs are still challenging astrophysicists. Many questions, ranging from the determination of funda mental parameters to the evolution of their outer layers, are still waiting for a satisfactory answer. The European Workshop series on White Dwarfs started in 1974 as a con sequence of the effort and enthusiasm of Professor Volker Weidemann. The existing proceedings of these meetings, together with those corresponding to the lAU Colloquia held in Rochester (1979) and in Hanover (1988), provide a unique opportunity to follow the development of this field. We hope that the present volume will provide a representative snapshot of the state of the art in 1996. In this sense we are very indebted to all the participants that have sent their contributions according to the instructions (this clearly excludes everybody beyond three sigmas from the standards).

Lord of the Rings

Lord of the Rings
Author: Rick Priestley,Alessio Cavatore
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 111
Release: 2003
ISBN: 9781841544144
Category: War games
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lord of the Rings Book Excerpt:

CONTEMPORARY GLOBAL ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

CONTEMPORARY GLOBAL ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
Author: DR.BHARTENDU GAUTAM & DR.VIKAS KUMAR SHARMA
Publsiher: Sunrise Publisher jaipur
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2021-07-25
ISBN: 9390778069
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

CONTEMPORARY GLOBAL ISSUES AND CHALLENGES Book Excerpt:

The world scenario today is changing at a fast pace. The present era is the era of new thinking and new behavior. For the entire world, this is an age of transition. This phase of transition in human behavior, social-cultural setup, political thinking and environmental changes is having a profound impact on the contemporary global scenario. Human thinking, activity and behavior are affected by a number of economic, social, political, physical, technological and human forces. New issues related to the environment, society, culture, economy and political setup are emerging. There is a necessity for all the scholars, thinkers and scientists to work on these newly emerging issues and problems. The book entitled “Contemporary Global Issues and Challenges” is a small literary effort towards these contemporary global issues. The book consists of 31articles on various global issues. The book throws light on various socio-economic and environmental aspects like deforestation, global warming, pollution, degradation in coral ecosystem, soil pollution, waste management, cultural pollution, terrorism, dalits and globalization, social justice and law, use of remote sensing, impact of COVID-19, space research etc. Each article is a serious effort to understand the multi dimensions of each issue and problem. We, the editors are very thankful towards the authors and contributors of this book. Articles included in this book are the example of their creative thinking and writing. For readers, we tried our best to convey the ideas and thoughts of our contributors in their original format. We express our gratitude towards our staff members and colleagues for their valuable contribution and suggestions. We are also thankful towards Mr. Rajdeep Sharma of Sunrise Publishers, Jaipur for their nice composing and printing work. Dedicated to Maa Sarasvati and respected teachers.

Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics 2013 Edition

Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics  2013 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 1145
Release: 2013-05-01
ISBN: 1490105999
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics 2013 Edition Book Excerpt:

Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics / 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Planetary Science. The editors have built Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Planetary Science in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

White Dwarf Atmospheres and Circumstellar Environments

White Dwarf Atmospheres and Circumstellar Environments
Author: Donald W. Hoard
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2012-09-19
ISBN: 3527636595
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

White Dwarf Atmospheres and Circumstellar Environments Book Excerpt:

Written by selected astronomers at the forefront of their fields, this timely and novel book compiles the latest results from research on white dwarf stars, complementing existing literature by focusing on fascinating new developments in our understanding of the atmospheric and circumstellar environments of these stellar remnants. Complete with a thorough refresher on the observational characteristics and physical basis for white dwarf classification, this is a must-have resource for researchers interested in the late stages of stellar evolution, circumstellar dust and nebulae, and the future of our own Solar System.

Compact Star Physics

Compact Star Physics
Author: Jürgen Schaffner-Bielich
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2020-08-27
ISBN: 1107180899
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Compact Star Physics Book Excerpt:

This introduction to compact star physics explains key concepts from general relativity, thermodynamics and nuclear physics.

White Dwarfs Advances in Observation and Theory

White Dwarfs  Advances in Observation and Theory
Author: M.A. Barstow
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 573
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 940112020X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

White Dwarfs Advances in Observation and Theory Book Excerpt:

The European Workshop on White Dwarfs was initiated by Prof. V. Weidemann, with the first meeting held in Kiel (FRG) in 1974. Since then a similar workshop has been held almost every two years: Frascati (1976), Tel Aviv (1978), Paris (1981), Kiel (1984), Frascati (1986) and Toulouse (1990). Two major IAU colloquia have also been devoted to the study of white dwarfs (No. 53, Rochester NY, 1979; No. 114, Hanover, NH, 1988). Our most recent meeting, the 8th Workshop, marks a number of important advances in both observational and theoretical studies of white dwarfs. This coincides with a significant expansion in the size of the community active in the field, as was clear from an increase in the number of participants between this workshop (77) and that in Toulouse (46), just two years ago. Key parts of any workshop are the discussion sessions following the pa pers. However, these are difficult to record and, very often, the 'live' flavour of the debates is lost. During this workshop we carried out an experiment, recording the discussion sessions on video tape and then transcribing these later for the proceedings. Although the recordings were made in non-studio conditions with regard to lighting and noise, only a very small part was unin telligible. All participants were given an opportunity to check their questions and answers for scientific accuracy and to correct any errors arising in the transcription process.

Supernova Explosions

Supernova Explosions
Author: David Branch,J. Craig Wheeler
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 721
Release: 2017-08-02
ISBN: 3662550547
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Supernova Explosions Book Excerpt:

Targeting advanced students of astronomy and physics, as well as astronomers and physicists contemplating research on supernovae or related fields, David Branch and J. Craig Wheeler offer a modern account of the nature, causes and consequences of supernovae, as well as of issues that remain to be resolved. Owing especially to (1) the appearance of supernova 1987A in the nearby Large Magellanic Cloud, (2) the spectacularly successful use of supernovae as distance indicators for cosmology, (3) the association of some supernovae with the enigmatic cosmic gamma-ray bursts, and (4) the discovery of a class of superluminous supernovae, the pace of supernova research has been increasing sharply. This monograph serves as a broad survey of modern supernova research and a guide to the current literature. The book’s emphasis is on the explosive phases of supernovae. Part 1 is devoted to a survey of the kinds of observations that inform us about supernovae, some basic interpretations of such data, and an overview of the evolution of stars that brings them to an explosive endpoint. Part 2 goes into more detail on core-collapse and superluminous events: which kinds of stars produce them, and how do they do it? Part 3 is concerned with the stellar progenitors and explosion mechanisms of thermonuclear (Type Ia) supernovae. Part 4 is about consequences of supernovae and some applications to astrophysics and cosmology. References are provided in sufficient number to help the reader enter the literature.

Open Issues in Core Collapse Supernova Theory

Open Issues in Core Collapse Supernova Theory
Author: Anthony Mezzacappa,George Michael Fuller
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 475
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9812703446
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Open Issues in Core Collapse Supernova Theory Book Excerpt:

Efforts to uncover the explosion mechanism of core collapse supernovae and to understand all of their associated phenomena have been ongoing for nearly four decades. Despite this, our theoretical understanding of these cosmic events remains limited; two- and three-dimensional modeling of these events is in its infancy. Most of the modeling efforts over the past four decades have, by necessity, been constrained to spherical symmetry, with the first two-dimensional, albeit simplified, models appearing only during the last decade. Simulations to understand the complex interplay between the turbulent stellar core fluid flow, its magnetic fields, the neutrinos produced in and emanating from the proto-neutron star, the stellar core rotation, and the strong gravitational fields have yet to be performed. Only subsets of these fundamental ingredients have been included in the models thus far, often with approximation. The purpose of this volume is to identify the outstanding issues that remain in order to come to a complete understanding of these important astrophysical events. As the book focuses on open issues rather than the current state of the art in the field OCo although the latter will certainly be discussed OCo it will remain relevant for some time."

Virtual Worlds of Precision

Virtual Worlds of Precision
Author: Valerie Feldmann,Katrin Mühlfeld
Publsiher: LIT Verlag Münster
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9783825867737
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Virtual Worlds of Precision Book Excerpt:

The use of computer simulations to gain deeper understanding of complex dynamic systems has become widely accepted across scientific disciplines. Yet, the precision of results obtained in "virtual worlds" may be deceptive when they replace rather than reflect reality. The scope of this edited volume hence reaches beyond identifying areas in which computer-based simulations allow for results otherwise not possible, to include an assessment of their opportunities and limitations. Reflecting the field's interdisciplinarity, contributions range from astronomy over theoretical biology to economics.

The Story of Collapsing Stars

The Story of Collapsing Stars
Author: Pankaj S. Joshi
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 241
Release: 2015
ISBN: 0199686769
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Story of Collapsing Stars Book Excerpt:

This book journeys into one of the most fascinating intellectual adventures of recent decades - understanding and exploring the final fate of massive collapsing stars in the universe. The issue is of great interest in fundamental physics and cosmology today, from both the perspective of gravitation theory and of modern astrophysical observations. This is a revolution in the making and may be intimately connected to our search for a unified understanding of the basic forces of nature, namely gravity that governs the cosmological universe, and the microscopic forces that include quantum phenomena. According to the general theory of relativity, a massive star that collapses catastrophically under its own gravity when it runs out of its internal nuclear fuel must give rise to a space-time singularity. Such singularities are regions in the universe where all physical quantities take their extreme values and become arbitrarily large. The singularities may be covered within a black hole, or visible to faraway observers in the universe. Thus, the final fate of a collapsing massive star is either a black hole or a visible naked singularity. We discuss here recent results and developments on the gravitational collapse of massive stars and possible observational implications when naked singularities happen in the universe. Large collapsing massive stars and the resulting space-time singularities may even provide a laboratory in the cosmos where one could test the unification possibilities of basic forces of nature.

The Little Book of Stars

The Little Book of Stars
Author: James B. Kaler
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2013-11-01
ISBN: 0387216219
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Little Book of Stars Book Excerpt:

The Little Book of Stars answers, in the clearest language, the questions anyone might have about our heavenly canopy. How are stars born? How do they die? Why do they shine? How long do they shine? Is our star, the Sun, dying? How can you tell time from the stars? Or navigate? What are the measures of stars? Can we ever travel to other stars? In this engagingly written and concise book, the second in the Little Book series, noted astronomer James B. Kaler shows us "the significance that the stars have had in human life, how we have used them to tell our stories, and how we use them to find who and where we are."

Strongly Coupled Plasma Physics

Strongly Coupled Plasma Physics
Author: Forrest J. Rogers,Hugh E. Dewitt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 610
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN: 1461318912
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strongly Coupled Plasma Physics Book Excerpt:

A NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Strongly Coupled Plasma Physics was held on the Santa Cruz Campus of the University of California, from August 4 through August 9, 1986. It was attended by 80 participants from 13 countries, 45 of whom were invited speakers. The present volume contains the texts of the invited talks and many of the contributed papers. The relative length of each text is roughly proportional to the length of the workshop presentation. The aim of the workshop was to bring together leading researchers from a number of related disciplines in which strong Coulomb interactions play a dominant role. Compared to the 1977 meeting in Orleans-la-Source, France and the 1982 meeting in Les-Houches, France, it is apparent that the field of strongly coupled plasmas has expanded greatly and has become a very significant field of physics with a wide range of applications. This workshop had a far greater participation of experimental researchers than did the previous two, and some confrontations of real experiments with theoretical calculations occurred. In the two earlier meetings the theoretical presentations were dominated by numerical simulations of static and dynamic properties of various strongly coupled plasmas. The dearth of experiments in the 1970's is now replaced by some very good experimental efforts.

High Energy Astrophysics

High Energy Astrophysics
Author: Jorge Ernesto Horvath
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 277
Release: 2022
ISBN: 303092159X
Category: Astrophysics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Energy Astrophysics Book Excerpt:

This textbook is designed to serve as a link between the basic disciplines of physics and the frontier topics within high energy astrophysics, aiming at a level of difficulty congruent with that of other physics topics studied at undergraduate level. Therefore, this preparatory and introductory text serves as a gateway to a more detailed study of many of the most interesting and complex phenomena being investigated by contemporary astrophysics. Among others, these include: the evolution of stars, supernovae, neutron stars, black holes, solar neutrinos, and - importantly - the exciting new field of gravitational wave astronomy. The book is supplemented by a collection of problems with which students can test their understanding of the material presented.