Historical Dictionary Of Women In Sub Saharan Africa

Author by : Kathleen E. Sheldon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Scarecrow Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 984
File Size : 48,5 Mb
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Description : This vast dictionary launches the new series, Historical Dictionaries of Women in the World, and fills a huge gap in the literature, as there previously has not been any comprehensive reference work on African women. This dictionary includes over 660 entries on notable women in history, politics, religion, the arts, and other sectors; on events particularly associated with women; on women's organizations and publications; and on a range of topics that are important to women in general or that have a special importance for African women, including marriage, fertility, market women, goddesses, and much more. Entries include cross-referencing information that facilitates readers' ability to find related information. The book also includes an introductory essay and a chronology on African women's history, as well as an extensive bibliography divided into sub-sections on different historical eras and subjects. Access to finding specific information is further aided by a country index. A wide range of users will find this reference extremely valuable, including researchers in African or women's history, high school and university students, and people involved with African policy and development issues such as diplomats or aid workers.


Women In Sub Saharan Africa

Author by : Iris Berger
Languange : en
Publisher by : Indiana University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 840
File Size : 52,9 Mb
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Description : "These four volumes in this major series... provide a single-source reference to the status of the field of women's history and to ways that the field can be expanded.... A basic set for all academic libraries." -- Library Journal Academic Newswire Berger and White focus on Sub-Saharan Africa, tracing women's history from earliest times to the present. By exploring their place in social, economic, political, and religious life, the authors highlight the changing societal position of women through shifts over time in ideas about gender and the connections between women's public and private spheres.


Sub Saharan Africa

Author by : Ms.Janet Gale Stotsky
Languange : en
Publisher by : International Monetary Fund
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 164
File Size : 50,7 Mb
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Description : Gender budgeting is an initiative to use fiscal policy and administration to address gender inequality and women’s advancement. A large number of sub-Saharan African countries have adopted gender budgeting. Two countries that have achieved notable success in their efforts are Uganda and Rwanda, both of which have integrated gender-oriented goals into budget policies, programs, and processes in fundamental ways. Other countries have made more limited progress in introducing gender budgeting into their budget-making. Leadership by the ministry of finance is critical for enduring effects, although nongovernmental organizations and parliamentary bodies in sub-Saharan Africa play an essential role in advocating for gender budgeting.


Sub Saharan Africa

Author by : Ms.Janet Gale Stotsky
Languange : en
Publisher by : International Monetary Fund
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
Total Download : 392
File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Description : Gender budgeting is an initiative to use fiscal policy and administration to address gender inequality and women’s advancement. A large number of sub-Saharan African countries have adopted gender budgeting. Two countries that have achieved notable success in their efforts are Uganda and Rwanda, both of which have integrated gender-oriented goals into budget policies, programs, and processes in fundamental ways. Other countries have made more limited progress in introducing gender budgeting into their budget-making. Leadership by the ministry of finance is critical for enduring effects, although nongovernmental organizations and parliamentary bodies in sub-Saharan Africa play an essential role in advocating for gender budgeting.


African Feminism

Author by : Gwendolyn Mikell
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Pennsylvania Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 352
File Size : 40,7 Mb
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Description : African feminism, this landmark volume demonstrates, differs radically from the Western forms of feminism with which we have become familiar since the 1960s. African feminists are not, by and large, concerned with issues such as female control over reproduction or variation and choice within human sexuality, nor with debates about essentialism, the female body, or the discourse of patriarchy. The feminism that is slowly emerging in Africa is distinctly heterosexual, pronatal, and concerned with "bread, butter, and power" issues. Contributors present case studies of ten African states, demonstrating that—as they fight for access to land, for the right to own property, for control of food distribution, for living wages and safe working conditions, for health care, and for election reform—African women are creating a powerful and specifically African feminism.


Women In Sub Saharan Africa

Author by : Edda Ivan-Smith
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 965
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Description :


Women Of The World

Author by : Jeanne S. Newman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 408
File Size : 55,8 Mb
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Description :


Empowering Women

Author by : Mary Hallward-Driemeier
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 741
File Size : 44,8 Mb
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Description : This book provides compelling evidence from 42 Sub-Saharan African countries that gender gaps in legal capacity and property rights need to be addressed in terms of substance, enforcement, awareness, and access if economic opportunities for women in Sub-Saharan Africa are to continue to expand.


The Greenwood Encyclopedia Of Women S Issues Worldwide

Author by : Aili Mari Tripp
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 409
File Size : 55,5 Mb
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Description : The comprehensive index for all six volumes is at the end of volume six: Sub-Saharan Africa.


Impacts Of Climate Change And Variability On Pastoralist Women In Sub Saharan Africa

Author by : Melese Getu
Languange : en
Publisher by : African Books Collective
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 973
File Size : 41,6 Mb
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Description : The term climate change is used to denote any significant but extended change in the measures of climate. The changes could be due to natural variability or as a result of human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels to produce energy, deforestation, industrial processes, and some agricultural practices. Such activities release large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere that hang like a blanket around the earth, thus trapping energy in the atmosphere and causing it to warm up. This results increasingly in climate variability, which is characterised by extreme seasonal, annual, temporal and non-spatial variability in temperature, vagaries of precipitation (rainfall patterns and amounts) and/or wind patterns occurring over a prolonged period of time. The last decade (2001 - 2010) has been the warmest on record; with the average temperatures reaching 0.46∞C, above the 1961 - 1990 mean, and 0.21∞C warmer than the 1991 - 2000 period. It has been proved that the African continent is warming up faster, all year-round, than the global avera≥ a trend that is likely to continue. By the year 2100, it is predicted that temperature changes will fall into ranges of about 1.4∞C to nearly 5.8∞C increase in mean surface temperature compared to 1990, and the mean sea level will rise between 10cm to 90 cm (AMCEN 2011). The interior of semiarid margins of the Sahara and central southern Africa will be the most affected by such warming (AMCEN 2011). To tackle the phenomenon of climate change effectively, human societies have put in place a combination of mitigation and adaptation mechanisms and strategies. Whereas mitigation aims at avoiding or lessening the impacts of the unmanageable, the goal of adaptation is to manage the unavoidable. That men and women are affected differently by climate change suggests that they also differ in terms of the adaptation mechanisms they employ. Despite the existence of gender-based differences in the effects of climate change and in adaptation and coping strategies, studies on the gender differential impacts of climate change and variability on women in general and pastoralist women in particular in sub-Saharan Africa are limited. This volume offers insights and knowledge that pastoralist women developed on climate change adaptation through their experiences in their households and communities and thereby tries to narrow this gap.


African Women

Author by : Catherine Coquery-vidrovitch
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 349
File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Description : Over the last century, the social and economic roles played by African women have evolved dramatically. Long confined to home and field, overlooked by their menfolk and missionaries alike, African women worked, thought, dreamed, and struggled. They migrated to the cities, invented new jobs, and activated the so-called informal economy to become Africa's economic and social focal point. As a result, despite their lack of education and relatively low status, women are now Africa's best hope for the future. This sweeping and innovative book is the first to reconstruct the full history of women in sub-Saharan Africa. Tracing the lot of African women from the eve of the colonial period to the present, Catherine Coquery-Vidrovitch explores the stages and forms of women's collective roles as well as their individual emancipation through revolts, urban migrations, economic impacts, social claims, political strength, and creativity. Comparing case studies drawn from throughout the region, she sheds light on issues ranging from gender to economy, politics, society, and culture. Utilizing an impressive array of sources, she highlights broad general patterns without overlooking crucial local variations. With its breadth of coverage and clear analysis of complex questions, this book is destined to become a standard text for scholars and students alike.


Women Of The Word

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
Total Download : 366
File Size : 48,6 Mb
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Description :


Women In Africa Of The Sub Sahara The 20th Century

Author by : Marjorie Wall Bingham
Languange : en
Publisher by : Gem Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 707
File Size : 48,7 Mb
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Description : Examines the historical, social, and cultural roles of women in Sub-Saharan Africa, featuring South Africa and emphasizing the twentieth century.


Women Rural Information Delivery And Development In Sub Saharan Africa

Author by : H. Leslie Steeves
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 151
File Size : 50,9 Mb
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Description : This paper uses the context of sub-Saharan Africa to review literature related to women and development communication, including (1) research on women and mass media, (2) case studies of development communication (often mixed media) projects, and (3) research on women and extension. It appears that mass media studies seldom indicate implications for rural development. Case studies of development communication projects indicate little attention to women except in health-related campaigns. Research on women and extension has yielded important findings but rarely cites communication theory beyond diffusion or considers strategies other than interpersonal and group communication. Across all categories, the emphasis is on information transmitted to women, with less that women's empowerment via development communication may be enhanced by a combination of strategies and by more integrated critique and analyses.


Enterprising Women

Author by : Mary Hallward-Driemeier
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 368
File Size : 43,8 Mb
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Description : This book brings together new household and enterprise data from 41 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to inform policy makers and practitioners on ways to expand women entrepreneurs’ economic opportunities. Sub-Saharan Africa boasts the highest share of women entrepreneurs, but they are disproportionately concentrated among the self-employed rather than employers. Relative to men, women are pursuing lower opportunity activities, with their enterprises more likely to be smaller, informal, and in low value-added lines of business. The challenge in expanding opportunities is not helping more women become entrepreneurs but enabling them to shift to higher return activities. A central question addressed in the book is what explains the gender sorting in the types of enterprises that women and men run? The analysis shows that many Sub-Saharan countries present a challenging environment for women. Four key areas of the agenda for expanding women’s economic opportunities in Africa are analyzed: strengthening women’s property rights and their ability to control assets; improving women’s access to finance; building human capital in business skills and networks; and strengthening women’s voices in business environment reform. These areas are important both because they have wide gender gaps and because they help explain gender differences in entrepreneurial activities. It is particularly striking that while gender gaps in education tend to close with higher incomes, gaps in women’s property rights and in women’s participation in reform processes do not. As simply raising a country’s income is unlikely to be sufficient to give women equal ability to control assets or have greater voice, more proactive steps will be needed. Practical guidelines to move the agenda forward are discussed for each of these key areas.


Inequality And The Economic Participation Of Women In Sub Saharan Africa

Author by : Simplice Asongu
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 368
File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : This study investigates the effect of inequality on female employment in 42 countries in sub- Saharan Africa for the period 2004-2014. Three inequality indicators are used, namely, the: Gini coefficient, Atkinson index and Palma ratio. Two indicators of gender inclusion are also employed, namely: female employment and female unemployment rates. The empirical analysis is based on the Generalised Method of Moments (GMM).The following main findings are established. First, inequality increases female unemployment in regressions based on the Palma ratio. Second, from the robustness checks, inequality reduces female employment within the frameworks of the Gini coefficient and Palma ratio.