WTO and E commerce Diffusion in Developing Countries

WTO and E commerce Diffusion in Developing Countries
Author: Wei Guo
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: China
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

WTO and E commerce Diffusion in Developing Countries Book Excerpt:

The increasing use of Internet and the potential of e-commerce give rise to important policy issues relating to both national economic policy and multilateral rules of international trade. Motivated by the argument that the liberalization commitments made at the World Trade Organization (WTO) may have a major impact on the e-commerce development, this research aims to investigate the relationship between WTO commitments and e-commerce diffusion in developing countries by using China’s coastal urban area as a case study. Taking critical realism as the underlying philosophy, the research develops two process models to answer the research questions. The model at the lower level focuses on the single process of how the WTO commitments can affect an individual infrastructural sector related to e-commerce. It was developed by analyzing the four most important e-commerce input sectors: telecommunications, banking, logistics and express delivery, and information technology (IT). The model at the higher level is a network combining the processes at the lower level, examining the overall effects of WTO commitments on e-commerce diffusion. Nine propositions were made from the higher-level model. Conclusions are drawn from outcomes in verifying these propositions. The WTO commitments are found to have indirect effects on liberalization in telecommunications, banking, and logistics and express delivery services. Improvements in these sectors have made information infrastructure and commercial services less important barriers to e-commerce than other issues. In addition, the WTO commitments have directly boosted Chinese enterprises' interest in e-commerce adoption and positively affected the taxation policy on e-commerce. All these have positively influenced e-commerce diffusion in China, while the effects of the WTO commitments on IT product imports, computer and related services, intellectual property rights (IPRs) protection, and educational services have not been evident. This research is the first study to use a specific case to examine the WTO rules in the context of e-commerce diffusion. It has implications for both research and practice. First, by examining the interactions between the external pressure from multilateral agreements and internal forces of domestic institutions, the research investigates the actual process of how the impacts of the WTO rules can be materialized. Second, the thesis confirms the argument that while the socio-economic challenges to e-commerce are difficult to surmount, the path to reducing regulatory barriers is clearer and the benefits quicker to observe. Government action is critical to removing these impediments to electronic commerce.

The Enduring Enigma of TRIPS

The Enduring Enigma of TRIPS
Author: Frederick M. Abbott
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 25
Release: 2014
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Enduring Enigma of TRIPS Book Excerpt:

This special issue on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPS) is introduced with a perspective that focuses on the urgency of narrowing the gap in living standards between the rich nations and the poor. The 1997/98 world economic crisis highlights the question of whether creating an international market in intellectual property sufficiently addresses the interests of developing countries in the diffusion and use of knowledge. It is suggested that substantial intervention by international institutions with interests in promoting development is also required. The role of IPRs in economic development is analyzed, and this contribution points to a few areas in which consensus among international IPRs specialists is emerging. Among these is that the role of IPRs is context-sensitive, depending on the particular characteristics of countries in which IPRs systems are introduced, and depending on the specific industries in which these IPRs are employed. This context-sensitive role argues for flexible implementation of the TRIPS Agreement in developing and newly industrializing countries. In WTO implementation of the TRIPS Agreement (including a review of national laws and dispute settlement) and in forthcoming WTO TRIPS negotiations (in areas such as biotechnology and genetics, the digital environment and electronic commerce, exhaustion of rights, non-violation causes of actions, competition and investment), the specific interests of the developing countries must be given a priority. Just as developed countries have traditionally balanced the IPRs interests of producers, consumers, and the science and research communities, so also must the WTO balance respective global interests in technology and creativity. The author urges a more extensive role for institutions such as the World Bank in technology capacity-building.

The Diffusion of E commerce in Developing Economies

The Diffusion of E commerce in Developing Economies
Author: Zeinab Karake-Shalhoub,Lubna Al Qasimi
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2007-01-01
ISBN: 1847202993
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Diffusion of E commerce in Developing Economies Book Excerpt:

Business managers in developing countries would find in this volume a solid background to e-commerce at large, and to its significance within a wider framework of a resource-based view of their business and of the national economic settings within which they operate. The book is of special importance to the academic community of Internet students, as well as for those interested in economic development, by providing a pioneering insight into the issue of e-commerce in developing countries which may emerge strongly in the upcoming years. Aharon Kellerman, Growth and Change Undoubtedly an important contribution. E-commerce is a technology which holds the possibility of levelling the global trading playing field. This book provides a necessary review of current issues in e-commerce in developing economies, and a useful collection of good practice and solid theory for scholars, policymakers and professionals. John Peters, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, UK This is a road map of some of the challenges governments and companies face, in terms of physical and human infrastructure, as countries wrestle with a rapidly changing commercial environment. As the virtual world conquers ever more of the material world, countries that adapt and adopt to a cyber reality will likely do better. If you are doing business or setting policy in a developing country, you want to understand and address the issues raised in this book. Juan Enriquez, CEO, Biotechonomy, US and author of The Untied States of America and As the Future Catches You The authors of this unique volume provide a timely and valuable perspective on how technology and the Internet revolution are changing business and spurring development across the world, especially in emerging countries. Utilizing a framework grounded in rigorous theory, they provide a fine-grained understanding of electronic commerce adoption processes by public and private sector entities in developing countries. In so doing, they consider how each exchange encounter is shaped by, and in turn shapes, relational characteristics that form the basis for growth and development. Using a resource-based view of economies, the authors hypothesize that differences in the adoption of electronic commerce technologies in developing economies can be attributed to a sense-and-respond capability of governments with respect to new technologies, which they term technological opportunism . One of their main objectives is to establish the distinctiveness of technology opportunities from related constructs, such as innovativeness, and show that it offers a significantly better explanation of technology adoption and diffusion than do existing constructs. The book examines a number of developing countries experiences with electronic government, bringing real life experience to the adoption of an e-government model by looking at the issue from strategic as well as operational perspectives. The volume s ground-breaking research and conclusions will be of great interest to professionals, researchers and students in the areas of e-commerce and economic development; government officials of developing and newly industrialized countries contemplating e-government initiatives; and information technology managers.

Emerging Markets and E Commerce in Developing Economies

Emerging Markets and E Commerce in Developing Economies
Author: Rouibah, Kamel,Khalil, Omar E. M.,Hassanien, Aboul Ella
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2008-10-31
ISBN: 1605661015
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Markets and E Commerce in Developing Economies Book Excerpt:

"This book provides researchers readers with a synthesis of current research on developing countries experience with e-commerce"--Provided by publisher.

E development

E development
Author: Robert Schware
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2005-01-01
ISBN: 082136443X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

E development Book Excerpt:

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly being recognized as essential tools of development--tools that can empower poor people, enhance skills, increase productivity and improve governance at all levels. The success of ICT-enabled development (or e-development) will thus not be measured by the diffusion of technology, but by advances in development itself: economic growth and, ultimately, achievement of the Millenium Development Goals. This volume examines a wide range of issues related to e-development, with a focus on the requirements and realities of using ICTs to advance development goals. The report does not attempt to present a comprehensive overview of e-development. Rather, it highlights key issues that have immediate relevance to policy makers in developing nations who make decisions on investments and development goals. It highlights two issues in particular, e-government and e-education, because ICT applications in these areas can lead to significant development outcomes and can also be successfully deployed through public-private partnerships, leveraging limited government funding to achieve greater impact.

Development Trade and the WTO

Development  Trade  and the WTO
Author: Bernard M. Hoekman,Aaditya Mattoo,Philip English
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 641
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9780821349977
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Development Trade and the WTO Book Excerpt:

Publisher's description: Developing countries are increasingly confronted with the need to address trade policy related issues in international agreements, most prominently the World Trade Organization (WTO). New WTO negotiations on a broad range of subjects were launched in November 2001. Determining whether and how international trade agreements can support economic development is a major challenge. Stakeholders in developing countries must be informed on the issues and understand how their interests can be pursued through international cooperation. This handbook offers guidance on the design of trade policy reform, surveys key disciplines and the functioning of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and discusses numerous issues and options that confront developing countries in using international cooperation to improve domestic policy and obtain access to export markets. Many of the issues discussed are also relevant in the context of regional integration agreements. Separate sections of the handbook summarize what constitutes sound trade policy; the major aspects of the WTO from a development perspective; policy issues in the area of merchandise trade and the liberalization of international transactions in services; protection of intellectual property rights and economic development; new regulatory subjects that are emerging in the agenda of trade talks; and enhancing participation of developing countries in the global trading system.

E Commerce in India

E Commerce in India
Author: Pralok Gupta
Publsiher: Sage Publications Pvt. Limited
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2020-06-08
ISBN: 935388358X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

E Commerce in India Book Excerpt:

E -commerce is growing at an exponential rate in India. Despite this, it is still at an evolving stage as economic and regulatory frameworks pertaining to various segments of e-commerce are being put into place by the government. This book presents a comprehensive analysis of the economic and regulatory aspects of the e-commerce sector by assessing the trends and characteristics, and addressing the issues and challenges associated with it. It dwells into key issues including FDI regulations, taxation, valuation of e-commerce companies, market structure, competition, payment mechanism, blockchain and cryptocurrencies, and logistics. The issues and challenges addressed in this book frequently appear as discussion points in policy debates, research forums and popular media. However, information on these is scant and often scattered. This book bridges gaps in the available literature on e-commerce

Proceedings of National Conference on Recent Developments in Computing and Its Applications August 12 13 2009

Proceedings of National Conference on Recent Developments in Computing and Its Applications  August 12 13  2009
Author: M. Afshar Alam,Tamanna Siddiqui,K. R. Seeja
Publsiher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2009-01-01
ISBN: 9380026781
Category: Computer science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of National Conference on Recent Developments in Computing and Its Applications August 12 13 2009 Book Excerpt:

This book comprises of 74 contributions from the experts covering the following topics. " Information Communication Technologies " Network Technologies " Wireless And Sensor Networks " Soft Computing " Circuits and Systems " Software Engineering " Data Mining " Bioinformatics " Data and Network Security

Electronic Business in Developing Countries

Electronic Business in Developing Countries
Author: Sherif Kamel
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2006-01-01
ISBN: 1591403545
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electronic Business in Developing Countries Book Excerpt:

"This books tackles issues of e-business with a vision to the future on how to bridge these gaps and close down the barriers between the different corners of the world"--Provided by publisher.

Information Economy Report 2006

Information Economy Report 2006
Author: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Publsiher: United Nations Publications
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9789211127003
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Information Economy Report 2006 Book Excerpt:

The present edition of the Report provides unique data on the adoption of ICT by enterprises in developing countries. It also explores ICT policy options in a developing-country context and proposes a framework for national ICT policy reviews and for the design and assessment of pro-poor e-strategies. The Report's analysis of trends in core ICT indicators such as the use of Internet and mobile phone, as well as the role of broadband in promoting the information economy, concludes that the diffusion of ICT in developing countries still needs government intervention in areas where private providers might be discouraged to go because of costs associated to geographic hurdles or the absence of a critical mass of customers. Publishing Agency: United Nations (UN).

E Health Systems Diffusion and Use The Innovation the User and the Use IT Model

E Health Systems Diffusion and Use  The Innovation  the User and the Use IT Model
Author: Spil, Ton,Schuring, R.W.
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2005-07-31
ISBN: 1591404258
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

E Health Systems Diffusion and Use The Innovation the User and the Use IT Model Book Excerpt:

"This book gives an overview of models on the use and diffusion of information systems in the healthcare sector with particular attention to the role of the user"--Provided by publisher.

Global e commerce

Global e commerce
Author: Kenneth L. Kraemer,Jason Dedrick,Nigel P. Melville,Kevin Zhu
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2006-08-17
ISBN: 1139458167
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global e commerce Book Excerpt:

Are the Internet and e-commerce truly revolutionizing business practice? This book explodes the transformation myth by demonstrating that the Internet and e-commerce are in fact being adapted by firms to reinforce their existing relationships with customers, suppliers, and business partners. Detailed case studies of eight countries show that, rather than creating a borderless global economy, e-commerce strongly reflects existing local patterns of commerce, business, and consumer preference, and its impact therefore varies greatly by country. Paradoxically, while e-commerce is increasing the efficiency, effectiveness, and competitiveness of firms, it is also increasing the complexity of their environments as they have to deal with more business partners and also face greater competition from other firms. This incisive analysis of the diffusion and impact of e-business provides academic researchers, graduates, and MBA students with a solid basis for understanding its likely evolution.

Information Technology and Business Process Reengineering

Information Technology and Business Process Reengineering
Author: Hui-Liang Tsai
Publsiher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2003
ISBN: 9781567206326
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Information Technology and Business Process Reengineering Book Excerpt:

Presents competitive strategy for the learning organization in the context of technological advances and continual process reengineering.

Proliferation of the Internet Economy E Commerce for Global Adoption Resistance and Cultural Evolution

Proliferation of the Internet Economy  E Commerce for Global Adoption  Resistance  and Cultural Evolution
Author: Shareef, Mahmud Akhter,Dwivedi, Yogesh K.,Williams, Michael D.,Singh, Nitish
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2009-03-31
ISBN: 1605664138
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proliferation of the Internet Economy E Commerce for Global Adoption Resistance and Cultural Evolution Book Excerpt:

"This book specifically develops theories to understand service quality and quality management practice of EC which is completely a new and innovative effort to formulate perceptions of global consumers"--Provided by publisher.

China s Role in Global Governance

China s Role in Global Governance
Author: Bin Zhang
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 237
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9811666873
Category: Asia--Politics and government
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

China s Role in Global Governance Book Excerpt:

This book presents a post-COVID glimpse at how top Chinese policymakers and intellectuals understand China's future in global international relations, reviewing the global economy, Chinas economy, society and diplomacy, and the international situation. Ten researchers review Chinas diplomacy and give their outlooks in the book. Topics discussed include: the new round of technological revolution and Industrial Revolution, the role of WTO in developing countries, the ups and downs of the Sino-US and Sino-American rivalry, the functioning of the UN General Assembly from a Chinese perspective, Chinas role in restoring the world after COVID-19 pandemic, and the Beijing-led Belt and Road Initiative. This book will be of interest to development economists, scholars of politics and international relations, and scholars of comparative politics. Bin Zhang is Researcher and Deputy Director at the Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Human Rights in the Digital Age

Human Rights in the Digital Age
Author: Mathias Klang,Andrew Murray
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2004-12-23
ISBN: 1135310181
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Rights in the Digital Age Book Excerpt:

The digital age began in 1939 with the construction of the first digital computer. In the sixty-five years that have followed, the influence of digitisation on our everyday lives has grown steadily and today digital technology has a greater influence on our lives than at any time since its development. This book examines the role played by digital technology in both the exercise and suppression of human rights. The global digital environment has allowed us to reinterpret the concept of universal human rights. Discourse on human rights need no longer be limited by national or cultural boundaries and individuals have the ability to create new forms in which to exercise their rights or even to bypass national limitations to rights. The defence of such rights is meanwhile under constant assault by the newfound ability of states to both suppress and control individual rights through the application of these same digital technologies. This book gathers together an international group of experts working within this rapidly developing area of law and technology and focuses their attantion on the specific interaction between human rights and digital technology. This is the first work to explore the challenges brought about by digital technology to fundamental freedoms such as privacy, freedom of expression, access, assembly and dignity. It is essential reading for anyone who fears digital technology will lead to the 'Big Brother' state.

The Global Governance of Knowledge Creation and Diffusion

The Global Governance of Knowledge Creation and Diffusion
Author: Helge Hveem,Lelio Iapadre
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2012-02-27
ISBN: 1136701826
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Global Governance of Knowledge Creation and Diffusion Book Excerpt:

There is an increasing scientific and political sensibility for questions regarding the "governance of a knowledge society" and the societal benefits and problems of a "knowledge economy". The Global Governance of Knowledge provides a survey and analysis of international agreements and institutions, global and regional, which regulate the creation and dissemination of knowledge. The volume utilises case studies and a comparative country / thematic approach to prove a comprehensive survey of the regulation and governance of knowledge flow, research and innovation. By identifying activities creating new knowledge, such as education and migration, it demonstrates how knowledge regulation and diffusion works in practice and policy. The book will be of interest to students and scholars of globalization, international relations and policy regulation.

Consumer Behavior Organizational Development and Electronic Commerce Emerging Issues for Advancing Modern Socioeconomies

Consumer Behavior  Organizational Development  and Electronic Commerce  Emerging Issues for Advancing Modern Socioeconomies
Author: Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2008-12-31
ISBN: 1605661279
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Consumer Behavior Organizational Development and Electronic Commerce Emerging Issues for Advancing Modern Socioeconomies Book Excerpt:

"This book offers readers a one-stop resource for contemporary issues, developments, and influences in e-commerce"--Provided by publisher.

Digitalization in Open Economies

Digitalization in Open Economies
Author: Michael Vogelsang
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2010-03-20
ISBN: 3790823929
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digitalization in Open Economies Book Excerpt:

Digital strings are not visible, but affect all economic segments. This book studies the phenomenon of digitalization with the instruments of economics in order to explore the interdependencies between digitalization, economic policy, and macroeconomic variables of open economies. Digitalization is separated into the three components networks, IT services, and digital goods which are then incorporated into macroeconomic models of trade theory in open economies. This approach allows to formally describe the cross-effects between digitalization and macroeconomic variables of a country. Specifically, it is used to analyze interdependencies between macroeconomic variables and networks, IT services, and digital goods, and to determine the challenges of digitalization for economic policy and regulation.

Handbook of Research on Innovation and Development of E Commerce and E Business in ASEAN

Handbook of Research on Innovation and Development of E Commerce and E Business in ASEAN
Author: Almunawar, Mohammad Nabil,Anshari Ali, Muhammad,Ariff Lim, Syamimi
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 738
Release: 2020-08-28
ISBN: 1799849856
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Innovation and Development of E Commerce and E Business in ASEAN Book Excerpt:

Business-to-consumer (B2C) and consumer-to-consumer (C2C) e-commerce transactions, including social commerce, are rapidly expanding, although e-commerce is still small when compared to traditional business transactions. As the familiarity of making purchases using smart devices continues to expand, many global and regional investors hope to target the ASEAN region to tap into the rising digital market in this region. The Handbook of Research on Innovation and Development of E-Commerce and E-Business in ASEAN is an essential reference source that discusses economics, marketing strategies, and mobile payment systems, as well as digital marketplaces, communication technologies, and social technologies utilized for business purposes. Featuring research on topics such as business culture, mobile technology, and consumer satisfaction, this book is ideally designed for policymakers, financial managers, business professionals, academicians, students, and researchers.