Yearbook Of Islamic And Middle Eastern Law Volume 14 2008 2009

Author by : Eugene Cotran
Languange : en
Publisher by : Yearbook of Islamic and Middle
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Description : Practitioners and academics dealing with the Middle East can turn to the Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law for an instant source of information on the developments over an entire year in the region. The Yearbook covers Islamic and non-Islamic legal subjects, including the laws themselves, of some twenty Arab and other Islamic countries. The publication's practical features include: - articles on current topics, - country surveys reflecting important new legislation and amendments to existing legislation per country, - the text of a selection of documents and important court cases, - a Notes and News section, and - book reviews.


Issues In Islamic Law

Author by : MashoodA. Baderin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Islamic substantive law, otherwise called branches of the law (furu? al-fiqh), covers the textual provisions and jurisprudential rulings relating to specific transactions under Islamic law. It is to Islamic substantive law that the rules of Islamic legal theory are applied. The relationship between Islamic legal theory and Islamic substantive law is metaphorically described by Islamic jurists as a process of ?cultivation? (istithmar), whereby the qualified jurist (mujtahid), as the ?cultivator?, uses relevant rules of legal theory to harvest the substantive law on specific issues in form of ?fruits? (thamarat) from the sources. The articles in this volume engage critically with selected substantive issues in Islamic law, including family law; law of inheritance; law of financial transactions; criminal law; judicial procedure; and international law (al-siyar). These areas of substantive law have been selected due to their contemporary relevance and application in different parts of the Muslim world today. The volume features an introductory overview of the subject as well as a comprehensive bibliography to aid further research.


Islamic Law In Practice

Author by : Mashood A. Baderin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Islamic law influences the lives of Muslims today as aspects of the law are applied as part of State law in different forms in many areas of the world. This volume provides a much needed collection of articles that explore the complexities involved in the application of Islamic law within the contemporary legal systems of different countries today, with particular reference to Saudi Arabia, Morocco, Indonesia, Nigeria, Turkey, Malaysia and Pakistan. The articles identify the relevant areas of difficulties and also propose possible ways of realising a more effective and equitable application of Islamic law in the contemporary world. The volume features an introductory overview of the subject as well as a comprehensive bibliography to aid further research.


Edinburgh Companion To Shari Ah Governance In Islamic Finance

Author by : Syed Nazim Ali
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edinburgh University Press
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Description : Written by a group of prominent shari'ah scholars, academics and practitioners in the field of Islamic finance, this book contains 17 in-depth case studies of shari'ah governance practices and experiences as well as critical analysis of these practices. It serves as a standalone comprehensive reference work on shari'ah governance, containing an overview of its Islamic legal foundations, its evolution and development over the years, current practices and debates on shari'ah governance standards and future prospects for shari'ah governance in the global Islamic finance market.


Usak Yearbook Of International Politics And Law Volume 4

Author by : Sedat Laçiner
Languange : en
Publisher by : International Strategic Research Organization (USAK)
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Description : USAK Yearbook of Politics and International Relations, the fifth edition of which was published in 2012, is an annual, peer-reviewed, English language scholarly journal. The Editorial Office of the Yearbook is in the central building of the International Strategic Research Organization (USAK) in Ankara, Turkey. However, the Yearbook is an independent publication in terms of scholarly research and the editors decide its publication policies. Esteemed academics dispassionately evaluate all submitted articles to ensure their conformity with academic rules and formats. The review reports are confidentially stored in the Yearbook's archives for five years. While the focal points of published articles converge on international relations, international law and political science, essentially; subjects regarding Area studies of the Balkans, the Caucasus, the Middle East, Central Asia, and Europe are also spared considerable space. Additionally, pieces concerning international security, sociology, and anthropological studies are also regularly included in the Yearbook. Now entering its sixth year of compilation, the Yearbook provides a scholarly platform for academics and researchers throughout the world. The USAK Yearbook of Politics and International Relations is gifted to every dual subscriber to the Review of International Law and Politics (UHP) and the Journal of Central Asia and the Caucasus (OAKA) after their first year of subscription. Indexes through which our followers can browse and access Yearbook are as follows: Hein Online, International Political Science Abstracts (IPSA), PAIS International, CSA Worldwide Political Science Abstracts, CSA Sociological Abstracts, CSA Social Services Abstracts and ULAKBİM.


Yearbook Of Muslims In Europe

Author by : Jørgen Nielsen
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 872
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Description : The Yearbook of Muslims in Europe provides up-to-date factual information and statistics of the situation of Muslims in 46 European countries.


Minerals Yearbook

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 59
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Description :


Minerals Yearbook 2010 V 3 Area Reports International Africa And The Middle East

Author by : Geological Survey (U S. ).
Languange : en
Publisher by : Government Printing Office
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Total Read : 83
Total Download : 522
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Description : The Minerals Yearbook is an annual publication that reviews the mineral and material industries of the United States and foreign countries. The Yearbook contains statistical data on materials and minerals and includes information on economic and technical trends and development. The Minerals Yearbook includes chapters on approximately 90 commodities and over 175 countries. This volume of the Minerals Yearbook provides an annual review of mineral production and trade and of mineral-related government and industry developments in more than 175 foreign countries. Each report includes sections on government policies and programs, environmental issues, trade and production data, industry structure and ownership, commodity sector developments, infrastructure, and a summary outlook.


The Development Of Iran S Upstream Oil And Gas Industry

Author by : Mahmoud Fard Kardel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : This book critically examines different forms of petroleum contracts, the historical perspective of the oil and gas industry and the political economy of the petroleum development in Iran. In doing this, the author provides analysis of the concept of concession in oil and gas development. This is discussed through the main forms of concession contracts; namely, the classic concession contract (CCC) and the new concession contract (NCC). The book ties together much of the existing work on the history of oil and gas regulation in Iran and builds on that foundation to propose a coherent and balanced approach within the framework of the NCC. To consider the role of the NCC in developing national upstream oil and gas industry, comparative examples are drawn from countries currently using, or having previously used, NCC oil and gas contracts. The selected developed and developing countries are Brazil, Thailand, the United Kingdom, Australia and Norway. The analysis considers the extent to which the NCC has served to advance the objectives and national interests of the national governments in this industry. The book involves a comparative exploration of the utilisation of NCCs in other jurisdictions and synthesises a framework through which Iran may develop its underutilised oil and gas resources. Of interest to academics, students and practitioners throughout the world, this book focuses on the relevant aspects of Iran’s Constitution and natural resource laws and makes recommendations for law reform to Iran’s legal frameworks.


Yearbook Of Muslims In Europe Volume 1

Author by : Jorgen Nielsen
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 36
Total Download : 949
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Description : The Yearbook of Muslims in Europe provides up-to-date factual information, statistics and analysis of the situation of Muslims in 37 European countries.


Self Determination And Minority Rights In China

Author by : Linzhu Wang
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 299
File Size : 41,5 Mb
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Description : In this book Linzhu Wang offers an insightful analysis of the rights of China’s minorities from the perspective of self-determination.


The Asian Yearbook Of Human Rights And Humanitarian Law

Author by : Javaid Rehman
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 900
File Size : 44,8 Mb
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Description : The Asian Yearbook of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law aims to publish peer-reviewed scholarly articles and reviews as well as significant developments in human rights and humanitarian law. It examines international human rights and humanitarian law with a global reach, though its particular focus is on the Asian region. The focused theme of Volume 5 is Law, Culture and Human Rights in Asia and the Middle East.


The Effect Of The 1958 New York Convention On Foreign Arbitral Awards In The Arab Gulf States

Author by : Reyadh Mohamed Seyadi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
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Total Read : 35
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Description : In the second half of the twentieth century, alongside the evolution of the global economy, modern technology, rapid transportation and multinational enterprises, there was an increased demand for a dispute resolution mechanism that met the needs of traders, international trade and economic policy-makers. Arbitration as an alternative dispute resolution has significantly gained in popularity in the Arab Gulf States over the past two decades or so. This is no doubt reason enough to take a closer look at the main theme that defines arbitration in this region. National courts of the Arab Gulf states are invariably seen as not very arbitration friendly, some possibly even hostile to arbitration. Public order, alongside the Islamic legal traditions, is seen as unruly horse that could possibly undermine the development of international commercial arbitration in this region. The contribution in this book will go some way toward dissipating the concerns that are routinely raised about the procedural and practical soundness of arbitration in the Arab Gulf states. In addition, the book serves to place arbitration in the Arab Gulf states in its present legal systems, national laws and courts practices.


Intelligence And International Security

Author by : Len Scott
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
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Description : The events of 9/11 and subsequent acts of jihadist terrorism, together with the failures of intelligence agencies over Iraq’s Weapons of Mass Destruction, have arguably heralded a new age of intelligence. For some this takes the form of a crisis of legitimacy. For others the threat of cataclysmic terrorism involving chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear attack gives added poignancy to the academic contention that intelligence failure is inevitable. Many of the challenges facing intelligence appear to be both new and deeply worrying. In response, intelligence has clearly taken on new forms and new agendas. How these various developments are viewed depends upon the historical, normative and political frameworks in which they are analysed. This book addresses fundamental questions arising in this new age. The central aim of the collection is to identify key issues and questions and subject them to interrogation from different methodological perspectives using internationally acclaimed experts in the field. A key focus in the collection is on British and North American perspectives. Recent trends and debates about the organisation and conduct of intelligence provide key themes for exploration. Underpinning several contributions is the recognition that intelligence faces a conflict of ideas as much as practices and threats. This book was published as a special issue of Intelligence and National Security.


Political Risk Yearbook

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 101
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Description : One of 8 vols. each covering a different area of the world.


Spies Lies And Algorithms

Author by : Amy B. Zegart
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
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Description : A riveting account of espionage for the digital age, from one of America’s leading intelligence experts Spying has never been more ubiquitous—or less understood. The world is drowning in spy movies, TV shows, and novels, but universities offer more courses on rock and roll than on the CIA and there are more congressional experts on powdered milk than espionage. This crisis in intelligence education is distorting public opinion, fueling conspiracy theories, and hurting intelligence policy. In Spies, Lies, and Algorithms, Amy Zegart separates fact from fiction as she offers an engaging and enlightening account of the past, present, and future of American espionage as it faces a revolution driven by digital technology. Drawing on decades of research and hundreds of interviews with intelligence officials, Zegart provides a history of U.S. espionage, from George Washington’s Revolutionary War spies to today’s spy satellites; examines how fictional spies are influencing real officials; gives an overview of intelligence basics and life inside America’s intelligence agencies; explains the deadly cognitive biases that can mislead analysts; and explores the vexed issues of traitors, covert action, and congressional oversight. Most of all, Zegart describes how technology is empowering new enemies and opportunities, and creating powerful new players, such as private citizens who are successfully tracking nuclear threats using little more than Google Earth. And she shows why cyberspace is, in many ways, the ultimate cloak-and-dagger battleground, where nefarious actors employ deception, subterfuge, and advanced technology for theft, espionage, and information warfare. A fascinating and revealing account of espionage for the digital age, Spies, Lies, and Algorithms is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand the reality of spying today.


Last Blood

Author by : Hiroaki Samura
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 77
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Description : Manji, a ronin warrior of feudal Japan, has been cursed with immortality and to rid his eternal suffering and lift the curse, he must slay one thousand enemies, and his quest begins with a young girl who seeks revenge on her parents' killers.


Yearbook Of International Organizations

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
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Description : Beginning in 1983/84 published in 3 vols., with expansion to 6 vols. by 2007/2008: vol. 1--Organization descriptions and cross references; vol. 2--Geographic volume: international organization participation; vol. 3--Subject volume; vol. 4--Bibliography and resources; vol. 5--Statistics, visualizations and patterns; vol. 6--Who's who in international organizations. (From year to year some slight variations in naming of the volumes).


The Oxford History Of Islam

Author by : John L. Esposito
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
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Description : Discusses the origins, historical development, and culture of Islam.


Sephardi Jewry

Author by : Esther Benbassa
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
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Total Read : 40
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Description : "Modified and updated version of a book that first appeared in Paris in 1993 under the title Juifs des Balkans ... (Editions La Decouverte)"--Acknowledgments, p. [xi].


Writing The Word Of God

Author by : David J. Roxburgh
Languange : en
Publisher by : Museum of Fine Arts Houston
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : The art of Islamic calligraphy developed from the 7th to the 14th century, beginning in western Arabia, spreading south to Yemen and north to the Near East, and continuing east and west to Iran, Egypt, North Africa, and Spain. This handsome book demonstrates the breadth and beauty of Islamic calligraphy across centuries and continents, as seen in rare early folios of the Qur’an. Noted scholar David J. Roxburgh begins by discussing the Qur’an, which Muslims believe to be the written record of a series of divinely inspired revelations to the Prophet Muhammad. He then analyzes Kufic script, the preeminent vehicle for writing early manuscripts of the Qur’an; reforms of calligraphy in the 10th century; and the great master Islamic calligraphers, in particular Yaqut al-Musta'simi. The beautiful reproductions of folios and bifolios validate Roxburgh’s conclusion that "the miracle of the text of the Qur’an found its equal in the technical mastery of the calligrapher’s practice, a miracle in its own right.”


Booker T Washington Papers Volume 2

Author by : Booker T Washington
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Illinois Press
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Total Read : 48
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Description : The University of Illinois Press offers online access to "The Booker T. Washington Papers," a 14-volume set published by the press. Users can search the papers, view images, and purchase the print version of the volumes. Booker Taliaferro Washington (1856-1915) was an African-American educator who was born a slave in Franklin County, Virginia.


Major Poems Of The Hebrew Bible 85 Psalms And Job 4 14

Author by : J. P. Fokkelman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Uitgeverij Van Gorcum
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
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Description : Volume II of Major Poems of the Hebrew Bible deals with 85 Psalms (83 poems) and the poems in Job 4-14, and aims at presenting an integrated prosodical theory which is able to bypass the highly controversial question of metrics. There are two approaches which initially are kept apart on grounds of method: structural analysis and the counting of the original, i.e. pre-Masoretic, syllables. Each poem receives a compact description of structure which gives a reasoned delimitation of cola, verses, and strophes. In a separate operation, the syllable counts for each word, colon, verse, strophe, stanza, section and poem are recorded in a comprehensive Appendix. All the poems under discussion show a precise integer as the average of syllables per colon. For half of them this is 8.00, the others have either 7.00 or 9.00. The 9.00 is a ceiling: there is no Psalm with a higher average. Combining the two approaches, the author shows that the poets themselves did count their syllables, and how they were able to mesh the syllable figures with the structural units of their compositions in a virtuoso combination. The greatest challenge of this enterprise is to delimit and objectify the correct colometry for all the songs, as the figure of syllables per colon depends on the right amount of cola. There are only about 30 Psalms which have a cola figure that can be considered beyond doubt. Fortunately, in the Book of Job the correct number of cola is certain for most chapters. Here we meet the number 8 again as a normative figure


Breaking Traditions

Author by : Nancy M. Kason
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bucknell University Press
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Description : It was during the exciting modernist movement in Spanish American literature that Clemente Plama (1872-1946), son of Ricardo Palma, began his writing career and signaled the birth of modern Peruvian literature. This volume offers detailed critical analyses of Palma's short stories and novels.


State And Rural Society In Medieval Islam

Author by : Sato Tsugitaka
Languange : en
Publisher by : Brill Academic Pub
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Total Read : 84
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Description : Tsugitaka (history, U. of Tokyo) examines the evolution of Islamic state and society from the 10th to the 14th century, focusing on the history of the allocated tax revenue system. He traces the historical development of the system, then surveys its application in Iraq, Syria, and Egypt. He also describes rural life and the peasantry in Egypt under the system, shows how it may explain various historical phenomena in medieval Islam, and provides an extensive glossary without a pronunciation guide. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


Soil Physics With Basic

Author by : Gaylon S. Campbell
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier Science Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 373
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Description : This book covers material taught in a graduate-level soil physics course at Washington State University. While most soil physics courses dwell mainly on deriving rather than solving the differential equations for transport, the author's approach is to focus on solutions. Graduate students in agricultural and biological sciences usually have a good working knowledge of algebra and calculus, but not of differential equations. In order to teach methods for solving very difficult differential equations with difficult boundary conditions using fairly simple mathematical tools, the author uses numerical procedures on microcomputers to solve the differential equations. Numerical methods convert differential equations into algebraic equations which can be solved using conventional methods of linear algebra. This book reflects the philosophy used in the course. Each chapter introduces soil physics concepts, generally in the conventional way. Most chapters then go on to develop simple computer programs to solve the equations and illustrate the points made in the discussion. Problems at the end of each chapter help the reader practice using the concepts introduced in the chapter.


The Climate Of The Arctic

Author by : Rajmund Przybylak
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Total Read : 19
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Description : th Towards the end of the 19 century some researchers put forward the hypothesis that the Polar regions may play the key role in the shaping of the global climate. This supposition found its full confirmation in empirical and th model research conducted in the 20 century, particularly in recent decades. The intensification of the global warming after about 1975 brought into focus the physical causes of this phenomenon. The first climatic models created at that time, and the analyses of long observation series consistently showed that the Polar regions are the most sensitive to climatic changes. This aroused the interest of numerous researchers, who thought that the examination of the proc esses taking place in these regions might help to determine the mechanisms responsible for the "working" of the global climatic system. To date, a great number of publications on this issue have been published. However, as a re view of the literature shows, there is not a single monograph which comprises the basic information concerning the current state of the Arctic climate. The last study to discuss the climate of the Arctic in any depth was published in 1970 (Climates a/the Polar Regions, vol. 14, ed. S. Orvig) by the World Survey of Climatology, edited by H. E. Landsberg. This publication, however, does not provide the full climatic picture of many meteorological elements.